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Ultrasound guided injections

Liselotte Hansen, Thøger Persson Krogh, Torkell Ellingsen, Lars Bolvig, Ulrich Fredberg
Background: Plantar fasciitis (PF) affects 7% to 10% of the population. The long-term prognosis is unknown. Purpose: Our study had 4 aims: (1) to assess the long-term prognosis of PF, (2) to evaluate whether baseline characteristics (sex, body mass index, age, smoking status, physical work, exercise-induced symptoms, bilateral heel pain, fascia thickness, and presence of a heel spur) could predict long-term outcomes, (3) to assess the long-term ultrasound (US) development in the fascia, and (4) to assess whether US-guided corticosteroid injections induce atrophy of the heel fat pad...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Andrew T Koogler, Michael Kushelev
A 76-year-old male presented for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in the beach chair position. A preoperative interscalene nerve catheter was placed under direct ultrasound-guidance utilizing a posterior in-plane approach. On POD 2, the catheter was removed. Three weeks postoperatively, the patient reported worsening dyspnea with a subsequent chest X-ray demonstrating an elevated right hemidiaphragm. Pulmonary function testing revealed worsening deficit from presurgical values consistent with phrenic nerve palsy...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Semra Aktürk, Raikan Büyükavcı, Yüksel Ersoy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the effect on spasticity and walking of US-guided botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections administered to improve equinovarus walking pattern commonly observed in patients after stroke. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty-three patients with post-stroke spastic equinovarus deformity were recruited. The US-guided BoNT-A injections were administered into the spastic muscles (including gastrocnemius; GK, soleus; S and tibialis posterior; TP) using a specific approach, and all of the patients were enrolled in rehabilitation programmes after the injections...
March 9, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Timothy E Murray, Damien C O'Neill, Michael J Lee
PURPOSE: To describe a single skin puncture technique combining subcutaneous injection of anesthetic to the depth of the vessel wall with venipuncture in the same movement. TECHNIQUE: Using ultrasound guidance, controlled anesthetic instillation along the needle tract and outer vessel wall with a 21-G vascular access needle can be combined with vessel puncture. This technique reduces the number of skin punctures and ensures accurate anesthetic instillation. The maximum inadvertent intravascular dose of commercial local anesthetic preparations that can be delivered with a small syringe is far below toxicity thresholds...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Joseph J Kavolus, David Sia, Hollis G Potter, David E Attarian, Paul F Lachiewicz
BACKGROUND: Surgeon-performed periarticular injections and anesthesiologist-performed femoral nerve or adductor canal blocks with local anesthetic are in common use as part of multimodal pain management regimens for patients undergoing TKA. However, femoral nerve blocks risk causing quadriceps weakness and falls, and anesthesiologist-performed adductor canal blocks are costly in time and resources and may be unreliable. We investigated the feasibility of a surgeon-performed saphenous nerve ("adductor canal") block from within the knee at the time of TKA...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Eldra W Daniels, David Cole, Bret Jacobs, Shawn F Phillips
Office-based ultrasonography has become increasingly available in many settings, and its use to guide joint and soft tissue injections has increased. Numerous studies have been conducted to evaluate the use of ultrasound-guided injections over traditional landmark-guided injections, with a rapid growth in the literature over the past few years. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to demonstrate increased accuracy of ultrasound-guided injections regardless of anatomic location. In the upper extremity, ultrasound-guided injections have been shown to provide superior benefit to landmark-guided injections at the glenohumeral joint, the subacromial space, the biceps tendon sheath, and the joints of the hand and wrist...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Mads Ammitzbøll Danielsen
Rheumatod arthritis is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease, characterized by inflammation in joints and tendon sheaths, which frequently leads to permanent and serious disability due to joint destruction, but also tendon and ligament ruptures. Clinical management of rheumatoid arthritis has traditionally been supported by biochemical and radiographic findings. However, imaging modalities like ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have improved the possibility for better management of rheumatoid arthritis patients, due to higher sensitivity and specificity for detecting ongoing inflammation, this thesis is focusing on tenosynovitis as recent studies have shown that inflammation in tendon sheaths, i...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Michéal O Cathasaigh, Matt R Read, Aylin Atilla, Teresa Schiller, Grace P S Kwong
Peripheral nerve blocks are becoming increasingly popular for perioperative use as anesthetics and analgesics in small animals. This prospective study was performed to investigate the duration of motor and sensory blockade following use of bupivacaine for ultrasound-guided femoral and sciatic nerve blocks in dogs and to measure the plasma concentrations of bupivacaine that result from these procedures. Six dogs were anesthetized twice using a randomized cross-over design. At the first anesthetic, dogs were assigned to receive either an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block or sciatic nerve block with 0...
2018: PloS One
Priyanka Tater, Sanjay Pandey
Botulinum toxin has gained immense popularity since its introduction for therapeutic use. It is used in a variety of movement disorders like hemi-facial spasm, focal dystonias like blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, oromandibular dystonia, limb dystonias. It is also being used in patients with tremors, tics and for a variety of indications in Parkinson's disease as well. There are eight subtypes of toxins available, but type A and B are the ones used in movement disorder clinics. The toxin mainly acts by inhibiting the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction and causing weakness...
March 2018: Neurology India
Xiu-Lin Huo, Ke-Tao Wang, Xiao-Ying Zhang, Yi-Tian Yang, Fu-Yang Cao, Jing Yang, Wei-Xiu Yuan, Wei-Dong Mi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the medium- and long-term effect of pneumatic ballistic extracorporeal shock wave versus ultrasound-guided hormone injection in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. METHODS: The clinical data were collected from patients with plantar fasciitis admitted to PLA General Hospital pain department from September, 2015 to February, 2017. The patients were randomly divided into ultrasound-guided drug injection group and shock wave group. The therapeutic parameters including the numerical rating scale (NRS) scores in the first step pain in the morning, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle Hindfoot Scale, and thickness of the plantar fascia were monitored before and at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after the treatment...
February 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Kenneth M Lin, Dean Wang, Joshua S Dines
Rotator cuff disease affects a large proportion of the overall population and encompasses a wide spectrum of pathologies, including subacromial impingement, rotator cuff tendinopathy or tear, and calcific tendinitis. Various injection therapies have been used for the treatment of rotator cuff disease, including corticosteroid, prolotherapy, platelet-rich plasma, stem cells, and ultrasound-guided barbotage for calcific tendinitis. However, the existing evidence for these therapies remains controversial or sparse...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Boya Abudu, David P Duncan, Elliot Deyoung, Gerant Rivera-Sanfeliz
Paracentesis is a common procedure used in the diagnostic evaluation of peritoneal fluid as well as the therapeutic removal of high-volume ascites. Although generally regarded as a safe procedure, complications may arise from arterial injury, including hematomas and pseudoaneurysms. Transcatheter embolization and surgery are first-line interventions for injuries refractory to conservative management. We present a case where a patient failed conventional therapies for hemoperitoneum following a paracentesis which resolved after thrombin injection into the subcutaneous tissues, a novel use for thrombin...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Yin Ji Piao, Hoe Suk Kim, Eun Hye Hwang, Jisu Woo, Meihua Zhang, Woo Kyung Moon
Crosstalk between breast cancer and macrophages has potential implications for tumor metastasis. This study investigates macrophage polarization induced by triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell-derived exosomes that promote lymph node (LN) metastasis in orthotopic TNBC models. The MDA-MB-231 cancer cell line expressing the exosomal CD63-red fluorescence (RFP) fusion protein was generated to noninvasively visualize exosome transfer into cancer cells and macrophages. Administration of RFP-tagged exosomes enhanced migration of macrophages and induced macrophage polarization in vitro ...
January 26, 2018: Oncotarget
Jeffrey Kutsikovich, Gregory Merrell
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of ultrasound-guided (UG) injections compared with anatomic landmark-guided (AL) injections in the first dorsal compartment (FDC) with the hypothesis that ultrasound guidance would increase the accuracy of injection. METHODS: We randomized 43 above-elbow cadaveric specimens to receive latex dye injections into the FDC via a UG or AL technique. If ultrasound imaging identified a septated FDC, the needle was redirected and a portion of the dye was injected around the extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) tendon...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Christian Geannette, Meghan Sahr, David Mayman, Theodore T Miller
We report our experience with 6 patients who had total knee replacements with lateral-sided knee pain, referred for ultrasound (US) assessment and US-guided injection. All cases showed an osteophyte within the popliteus sulcus of the lateral femoral condyle impinging on the adjacent tendon. Five of 6 patients reported improvement of symptoms immediately after US-guided injection of an anesthetic and a steroid. Ultrasound has a unique role in the imaging of knee replacements because of its real-time capabilities and absence of artifacts at the popliteus tendon origin...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Marco Calandri, Carlo Gazzera, Steven Yevich, Katia Lapenna, Maria Marenco, Andrea Veltri, Gianluca Paraluppi, Paolo Fonio
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous ablation for HCC hepatic recurrence along surgical resection margins to achieve complete cure or bridge for additional treatment. No current recommendations exist for these lesions. METHODS: Retrospective review of post-surgical recurrent HCC located along surgical margins treated by percutaneous ultrasound-guided ablation from 2006-2014. Ablation was performed by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), selected for recurrence in proximity to extrahepatic organs...
February 21, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
Jacek Kurzawski, Agieszka Janion-Sadowska, Marcin Sadowski
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided tissue glue injection for the treatment of iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm. METHODS: The study comprised of nine patients with unsuccessful ultrasound-guided thrombin injection and one patient with rapidly progressing anaemia. All patients had undergone recanalization procedures at least twice, including two subjects with a very rapidly enlarging pseudoaneurysm lobe or significant anaemia...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Kosuke Minaga, Mamoru Takenaka, Ken Kamata, Tomoe Yoshikawa, Atsushi Nakai, Shunsuke Omoto, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Hiroki Sakamoto, Masayuki Kitano, Masatoshi Kudo
The most common symptom in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer is abdominal pain. This has traditionally been treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid analgesics. However, these treatments result in inadequate pain control or drug-related adverse effects in some patients. An alternative pain-relief modality is celiac plexus neurolysis, in which the celiac plexus is chemically ablated. This procedure was performed percutaneously or intraoperatively until 1996, when endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided celiac plexus neurolysis was first described...
February 15, 2018: Cancers
Haroldo Junior Fiorini, Marcel Jun Tamaoki, Mário Lenza, Joao Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, Flávio Faloppa, Joao Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Trigger finger is a common clinical disorder, characterised by pain and catching as the patient flexes and extends digits because of disproportion between the diameter of flexor tendons and the A1 pulley. The treatment approach may include non-surgical or surgical treatments. Currently there is no consensus about the best surgical treatment approach (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different methods of surgical treatment for trigger finger (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches) in adults at any stage of the disease...
February 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Wang Xiu-Zhen, Ye-Ying Ge, Guang-Yao Ye, Jing-Wei Zhang, Wei-Hu Ma
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of ultrasound guided inter-scalene brachial plexus block and patient-controlled infraclavicular brachial plexus block for postoperative pain and surgical efficacy in patients with terrible tyriad of the elbow. METHODS: From March 2015 to August 2016, 60 patients with terrible tyriad of the elbows were treated in Ningbo No.6 Hospital with ASA I to II internal fixation. There were 32 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 70 years old, with a mean age of (55...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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