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foreign bodies

Varun Chandra, Danielle Buck, Rahul Chakrabarti, Alan McNab
A 24-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of gradually increasing pain on eye movements, worse on the right. She had a significant background of undergoing intracranial correction of orbital hypertelorism with internal fixation of the lateral orbital rims at the age of 6 years. Imaging was consistent with bilateral metallic foreign bodies from both lateral orbital rims protruding into the globes. The patient underwent removal of bilateral plates and screws, with a significant improvement of symptoms and ocular motility postoperatively...
March 14, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Liang Jin, Jing Wu, Guangyin Yuan, Tongxin Chen
Biodegradable Mg-based alloys have shown great potential as bone fixation devices or vascular stents. As implant biomaterials, the foreign body reaction (FBR) is an important issue to be studied, where the inflammatory cells play a key role. Here, we used two inflammatory cell lines i.e. THP-1 cells and THP-1 macrophages, to evaluate the effect of Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr alloy (denoted as JDBM) extracts on cell viability, death modes, cell cycle, phagocytosis, differentiation, migration and inflammatory response. The results showed that high-concentration extract induced necrosis and complete damage of cell function...
2018: PloS One
Lindsay L Juriga, David J Murray, John R Boulet, James J Fehr
BACKGROUND: Simulation is frequently used to recreate many of the crises encountered in patient care settings. Teams learn to manage these crises in an environment that maximizes their learning experiences and eliminates the potential for patient harm. By designing simulation scenarios that include conditions associated with diagnostic errors, teams can experience how their decisions can lead to errors. The purpose of this study was to assess how trauma teams (TrT) and pediatric rapid response teams (RRT) managed scenarios that included a diagnostic error...
November 27, 2017: Diagnosis
Mehrdad Abdinian, Maedeh Aminian, Samad Seyyedkhamesi
Objectives: Foreign bodies (FBs) account for 3.8% of all pathologies of the head and neck region, and approximately one third of them are missed on initial examination. Thus, FBs represent diagnostic challenges to maxillofacial surgeons, rendering it necessary to employ an appropriate imaging modality in suspected cases. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, five different materials, including wood, metal, glass, tooth and stone, were prepared in three sizes (0...
February 2018: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Anup Singh, Kapil Sikka, Nishchint Jain, Leve Joseph Devarajan
Endovascular treatment is a standard mode of treatment for traumatic cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysms with good results and relatively low rates of complications. We describe a case of an unusual, potentially fatal, delayed postoperative event happening in a case of post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm of ICA, which had been previously managed with endovascular coiling.
March 2018: Neurointervention
Sidharth Sonthalia, Abhijeet Kumar Jha, Feroze Kaliyadan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Jiang Wu, Zecong Xiao, Anqi Chen, Huacheng He, Chaochao He, Xintao Shuai, Xiaokun Li, Shengfu Chen, Yanxian Zhang, Baiping Ren, Jie Zheng, Jian Xiao
Skin wound healing is a still long-history challenging problem and impeded by the foreign-body reaction including severe inflammation response, poor neovascularization, incomplete re-epithelialization and defective ECM remodeling. Development of biocompatible polymers, in combination with specific drugs or growth factors, has been considered as a promising strategy to treat skin wounds. Significant research efforts have been made to develop poly(ethylene glycol) PEG-based polymers for wound healing, however less efforts has been paid to zwitterionic materials, some of which have demonstrated their super low-fouling property in vitro and anti-inflammatory property in vivo...
March 10, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
W H Hou, P Wei, J L Xie, Y Y Zheng, Y L Zhang, X G Zhou
Objective: To investigate clinicopathological features and prognosis of tonsillar mantle cell lymphoma(TMCL). Methods: Clinical data of 25 patients with TMCL at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2002 to 2016 were included. All the cases were reviewed microscopically. Various immunohistochemical stains were performed using the MaxVision two-step method. IgH/CCND1 gene fusion was detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization(FISH). Additionally, randomly selected 40 cases of non-tonsil MCL of the same period were compared...
March 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Gabriel O Ologun, Yuan Stevenson, Burt Cagir, Paul Granet, Philip McPhail
Rectal foreign bodies are a common presenting complaint in the emergency department. Anal eroticism is the major reason for the majority of cases of rectal foreign bodies. A high index of suspicion is required to accurately diagnose a rectal foreign body as patients are often embarrassed about their condition and may not present in a timely fashion to be evaluated or volunteer their history. Extraction techniques include transanal, endoscopic, and laparotomy with repair of complications. Here, we present the case of successful transanal manual removal of a retained dumbbell in the rectum of a middle-aged man...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
Zhenhan Deng, Jianjian Yin, Wei Luo, Ronak Naveenchandra Kotian, Shanshan Gao, Ziqing Yi, Wenfeng Xiao, Wenping Li, Yusheng Li
Chronic non-healing wounds pose a significant challenge to health-care system because of its tremendous utilization of resources and time to heal. It has a well-deserved reputation for reducing the quality of life for those affected and represents a substantial economic burden to the health-care system overall. Earthworms are used as a traditional Chinese medicine, and have been applied pharmacologically and clinically since a long time in China. However, there is paucity in data regarding its wound healing effects...
March 12, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Simon Laurent, Olivier Martinet, Helene Cuq, Alain Rind, Philippe Durasnel, Claire Lenne, Renaud Blondé
Stingray injuries to the chest are rare but potentially life-threatening. They may occur in remote areas where advanced emergency healthcare services are unavailable. We describe the case of a 24-year-old man with tension pneumothorax due to a Himantura fai stingray injury to the left chest. The chest wound was unremarkable, with no external bleeding or evidence of a foreign body. Decompression was performed at the scene with an improvised knife procedure and a hollow writing pen, which served as a chest tube...
March 9, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Hussein Nassereddine, Nicolas Poté, Pasquale Tammaro, Anne Couvelard
Pulse (hyaline ring) granuloma, a rare entity first described in lung and oral cavity, has been reported under various names before the identification of hyaline rings as fragments of pulses (the edible seeds of legumes). Similar lesions were thereafter described in extra-oral localizations, mainly the gastrointestinal tract, or localizations having potential communication with the gastrointestinal tract. Recently, 2 reports described "spiral bodies" surrounded by foreign body-type multinucleated giant cell reaction in pulse granulomas, corresponding to remnant plant vascular structures (helical xylem elements)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Victoria Mouvet, Alexandre Moulin, Leonidas Zografos, Ann Schalenbourg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Cedric W Pluguez-Turull, Jennifer E Nanyes, Cristina J Quintero, Hamza Alizai, Daniel D Mais, Kenneth A Kist, Nella C Dornbluth
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign inflammatory breast entity characterized by lobulocentric granulomas. IGM has a persistent or recurrent disease course and affects parous premenopausal women with a history of lactation. It has also been associated with hyperprolactinemia. The most common clinical sign is a palpable tender mass. However, the nonspecific manifestations and varied demographic features of this condition, as well as the other similar-appearing and superimposed breast entities, pose substantial diagnostic challenges...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Xiuzhen Yang, Yuebin Zhang, Jingjing Ye
We report a rare case of sonographic (US) diagnosis of four water beads causing small-bowel obstruction in an 18-month-old boy. The boy presented with a 3-day history of repeated bouts of abdominal pain and vomiting, which became bilious on the last day. Abdominal US examination showed four rounded anechoic masses in the small bowel. Urgent exploratory laparotomy revealed that the obstruction was caused by three large water beads with a diameter of 2.8 cm and fragments of a fourth one. Foreign bodies should be considered in cases of small-bowel obstruction; US can be very helpful in the diagnosis of water beads in the bowel...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Kazuhiro Nogawa, Noriko Kojimahara
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine whether work accommodation at the time of return-to-work (RTW) following a period of sick leave would improve work-related outcomes. Using a Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, we developed recommendations applicable to the field of occupational health in Japan. METHOD: We approached our review question for "Evidence-based Return-to-work Guidance in Occupational Health 2017 (RTW 2017)" using a PICO framework (P: workers on sick leave; I: work accommodation; C: usual care; O: improvement of work-related outcomes, such as shortened sick leave period or lower rate of sick leave recurrence)...
March 12, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Samir Sorour Sorour, Nasser Nagieb Mohamed, Magdy M Abdel Fattah, Mohammad El-Sayed Abd Elbary, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar
BACKGROUND: Canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy has many drawbacks including chronic otorrhea, granulations, dizziness on exposure to cold or hot water and tendency of debris accumulation in the mastoid cavity demanding periodic cleaning. Many of these problems can be solved by reconstruction of the posterior meatal wall (PMW). OBJECTIVES: To assess the results of PMW reconstruction after CWD mastoidectomy for cholesteatoma using bioactive glass (BAG) that is fabricated and built up intraoperatively...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Emine Caliskan, Shamil Aliyev, Hatice Arioz Habibi, Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ravza Yilmaz, Ibrahim Adaletli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of radiodensity ratio between lungs on chest X-ray for the diagnosis of radiolucent foreign body aspiration (FBA) in children. METHODS: X-rays of 33 patients with confirmed diagnosis of FBA by bronchoscopy were compared to 66 control patients. We divided the study group into three subgroups: symmetric (13-patients), right-oblique (RO;12-patients) and left-oblique (LO;8-patients). RESULTS: When we compared FBA-symmetric-subgroup to symmetric-control-group, FBA-RO-subgroup to RO-control-group and FBA-LO-subgroup to LO-control-group, radiodensity ratios were significantly higher in the FBA subgroups...
March 4, 2018: Clinical Imaging
Ryan H Belcher, David W Molter, Steven L Goudy
Despite humanitarian otolaryngology groups traveling in record numbers to resource-limited areas treating pediatric otolaryngology disease processes and training local providers, there remains a large burden of unmet needs. There is a meager amount of published information that comes from the developing world from an otolaryngology standpoint. As would be expected, the little information that does comes involves some of the most common pediatric otolaryngology diseases and surgical burdens including childhood hearing loss, otitis media, adenotonsillectomies, airway obstructions requiring tracheostomies, foreign body aspirations, and craniomaxillofacial surgeries, including cleft lip and palate...
March 7, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
C Blake Sullivan, Henry Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: We describe sialography as a dynamic imaging modality useful in establishing the diagnosis and planning for treatment of a parotid gland ductal foreign body. METHODS: Chart and radiographic imaging review of a 75 year-old male who had obstructive sialadenitis symptoms two years after welding slag pierced the cheek skin and identified as a 'piece of steel stuck in his cheek'. RESULTS: Sialography was used to demonstrate a foreign body adjacent to the parotid gland to indicate its presence as a mobile element within the ductal system associated with marked pre-obstructive duct dilation...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
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