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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431721/intra-aortic-missile-after-gunshot-wound-to-chest-an-interesting-case-of-traumatic-cardiac-injury
#1
Charles D Fraser, Lee Goeddel, Nishant D Patel, Said C Azoury, Joshua C Grimm, Rosanne B Sheinberg, Christopher M Sciortino
Missile embolus to the heart, although uncommon, is one of the most challenging scenarios in trauma. We describe a 36-year-old man who presented with a gunshot wound to the left chest and a chest x-ray revealing a foreign body in the mediastinum. A median sternotomy was performed and an injury to the left ventricle was identified. After intraoperative echocardiography and fluoroscopy confirmed a foreign body in the aortic root, cardiopulmonary bypass was implemented. A bullet was retrieved from the noncoronary sinus of the aortic valve...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430540/demystifying-orbital-emergencies-a-pictorial-review
#2
Viet D Nguyen, Achint K Singh, Wilson B Altmeyer, Bundhit Tantiwongkosi
Imaging of the orbit plays an important role in the workup of orbital emergencies. Orbital imaging is particularly useful in the emergency department, where clinical history and physical examination may be limited or delayed until the exclusion or treatment of more life-threatening conditions. Cross-sectional orbital imaging with multidetector computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is commonly performed in addition to ultrasonography. In an emergent setting, CT is the preferred modality when evaluating for intraorbital foreign bodies, fractures, or calcifications within a mass lesion...
April 21, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427784/prehospital-removal-improves-neurological-outcomes-in-elderly-patient-with-foreign-body-airway-obstruction
#3
Yutaka Igarashi, Shoji Yokobori, Yudai Yoshino, Tomohiko Masuno, Masato Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Yokota
OBJECTIVE: In Japan, the number of patients with foreign body airway obstruction by food is rapidly increasing with the increase in the population of the elderly and a leading cause of unexpected death. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence prognosis of these patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective single institutional study. A total of 155 patients were included. We collected the variables from the medical records and analyzed them to determine the factors associated with patient outcome...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424985/postoperative-complications-and-functional-outcome-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-results-from-longitudinal-single-center-follow-up
#4
Florian Friedmacher, Birgit Kroneis, Andrea Huber-Zeyringer, Peter Schober, Holger Till, Hugo Sauer, Michael E Höllwarth
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) represent major therapeutic challenges, frequently associated with serious morbidities following surgical repair. The aim of this longitudinal study was to assess temporal changes in morbidity and mortality of patients with EA/TEF treated in a tertiary-level center, focusing on postoperative complications and their impact on long-term gastroesophageal function. METHODS: One hundred nine consecutive patients with EA/TEF born between 1975 and 2011 were followed for a median of 9...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422765/foreign-body-type-nasal-pseudocyst-after-augmentation-rhinoplasty-histopathologically-mucin-containing-pseudocyst
#5
Ji Won Byun, Jee Young Han, Sae Hwi Ki, Si Hyub Lee, Jeonghyun Shin, Gwang Seong Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421974/-epigastric-pain-caused-by-a-gastric-wall-abscess
#6
S J G Leeuwerke, Y K Sze
BACKGROUND: Gastric wall abscesses are rare, but mortality rates from this type of gastritis are high. A foreign body or mucosal damage is often the cause of the abscess. Most patients have nonspecific symptoms, including general malaise and abdominal pain, sometimes accompanied by fever and weight loss. CASE DESCRIPTION: After various tests a 45-year-old man with epigastric pain was shown to have a gastric wall abscess. After endoscopic drainage of the abscess, followed by intravenous antibiotics, he made a complete recovery...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420912/effectiveness-of-plain-x-ray-in-detection-of-fish-and-chicken-bone-foreign-body-in-upper-aerodigestive-tract
#7
Talha Ahmed Qureshi, Muhammad Sohail Awan, Muntazir Hussain, Muhammad Wasif
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of plain film radiology in the detection of fish and chicken bones in the upper aerodigestive tract. METHODS: This retrospective chart review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised medical charts of patients who had undergone oesophagoscopy for removal of fish and chicken bone from 1990 to 2015.SPSS 19 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 24 patients, foreign body was detected on X-ray in 7(29...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419996/polydimethyl-siloxane-as-an-internal-tamponade-for-vitreoretinal-surgery
#8
Rumana N Hussain, Jayavani Myneni, Theodor Stappler, David Wong
PURPOSE: To report the efficacy and safety of polydimethyl siloxane (Siluron Xtra®) as an internal tamponade. DESIGN: Audit and adverse event screening of procedures (March 2014-2015). METHODS: Patients who had undergone vitreoretinal procedures with Siluron Xtra® tamponade were retrospectively analysed with respect to anatomical outcome, visual outcomes, and perioperative complications, in particular intraocular pressure. INCLUSION CRITERIA: all patients who had undergone Siluron Xtra® tamponade...
April 19, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419245/support-of-the-aortic-wall-a-histological-study-in-sheep-comparing-a-macroporous-mesh-with-low-porosity-vascular-graft-of-the-same-polyethylene-terephthalate-material
#9
Lucas Van Hoof, Peter Verbrugghe, Erik Verbeken, Tom Treasure, Nele Famaey, Bart Meuris, Paul Herijgers, Filip Rega
OBJECTIVES: Wrapping with various materials was an early treatment for aortic aneurysms. Wrapping with low-porosity vascular grafts has been associated with graft migration and vascular erosion. An alternative is to use a macroporous mesh (MPM) made of the same polymer (polyethylene terephalate). We compared the histological outcome 1 year after wrapping sheep aortas with low-porosity grafts versus MPM fabrics. METHODS: The 2 different fabrics were wrapped around the aorta of 3 sheep...
April 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416422/-penetrating-air-gun-pellet-into-the-orbital-apex
#10
Rodolfo Belmonte-Caro, Alberto Garcia-Perla-Garcia, Jose Romero-Arce, Pedro Infante-Cossio
A foreign body penetrating into the intraconal orbital compartment poses a surgical challenge because of its deep location behind the globe and near the optic nerve. We present a case of an air gun pellet lodged into the orbital apex, which was removed via superolateral orbitotomy through coronal incision. This additional craniofacial technique is a safe procedure to access the lateral aspect of the intraconal compartment in the unusual event of having to remove an orbital foreign body.
April 14, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415464/in-situ-forming-chitosan-hydrogels-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-in-vivo-inflammatory-response
#11
Maria José Moura, João Brochado, Maria Helena Gil, Maria Margarida Figueiredo
This study aims to provide important preliminary in vivo data on the general biocompatibility and degradation of in situ forming chitosan hydrogels which differ in the type of cross-linking: physical cross-linking (with glycerol phosphate disodium salt) and physico/chemical co-cross-linking (with glycerol phosphate disodium salt and genipin). Additionally, in vitro degradation studies, using lysozyme, were conducted for comparison. The subcutaneous implantation of the liquid formulations of both hydrogels in animal model (Wistar rats) was performed to assess tissue response at the end of two time periods (8 and 30days)...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415168/an-update-on-endoscopic-management-of-post-liver-transplant-biliary-complications
#12
Hyun Woo Lee, Najmul Hassan Shah, Sung Koo Lee
Biliary complications are the most common post-liver transplant (LT) complications with an incidence of 15%-45%. Furthermore, such complications are reported more frequently in patients who undergo a living-donor LT (LDLT) compared to a deceased-donor LT (DDLT). Most post-LT biliary complications involve biliary strictures, bile leakage, and biliary stones, although many rarer events, such as hemobilia and foreign bodies, contribute to a long list of related conditions. Endoscopic treatment of post-LT biliary complications has evolved rapidly, with new and effective tools improving both outcomes and success rates; in fact, the latter now consistently reach up to 80%...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413545/bilateral-cervico-dorsal-gossypiboma-presenting-as-discharging-sinus
#13
Sushil Kumar, Pooja Abbey, Amit Handa
Retained surgical sponge is an uncommon complication after laminectomy. A 67-year-old male presented with a discharging sinus in the cervical region following cervical laminectomy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed bilateral symmetrical lesions in the paraspinal area. Re-exploration revealed gauze pieces on either side under the muscle. Persistent discharging wound after surgery should arouse the possibility of a foreign body. Because of the rarity of bilateral lesions, the present case is being reported...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413466/analysis-of-missed-diagnosis-of-orbital-foreign-bodies
#14
Lei Zhou, Su-Yan Li, Jian-Ping Cui, Zhi-Yang Zhang, Li-Na Guan
A clinical analysis of diagnosis was performed as well as the management of orbital foreign bodies, to investigate the methods to avoid missed diagnosis. A total of 15 cases of an orbital foreign body was reviewed, and for these cases, the clinical manifestation, imaging data and operative situation were studied. Among the patients, 4 cases turned out to have wooden, 3 metallic, 2 glass, 2 bones, and 4 other foreign bodies. Twelve cases had received debridement and suture before our management, and 1 foreign body was treated more than once...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409038/a-foreign-body-granuloma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-induced-by-honeybee-sting
#15
Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Yohei Nakayama, Yumiko Matsusue, Miyako Kurihara, Takahiro Yagyuu, Tadaaki Kirita
A foreign body granuloma of the buccal mucosa induced by honeybee sting was reported. The patient was an 82-year-old female who presented with a submucous mass at the right buccal mucosa. The mass was 20 mm in diameter, elastically firm, partly mobile without pain or tenderness, and covered with almost normal mucosa. MR image did not delineate the lesion clearly. Under clinical diagnosis of a benign tumor, the lesion was excised under local anesthesia. The excised lesion was 14 × 11 × 9 mm in size and solid and yellowish in cut surface...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408260/evaluation-of-bioabsorbable-multiamino-acid-copolymer-nano-hydroxyapatite-calcium-sulphate-cage-in-a-goat-spine-model
#16
Chunpeng Ren, Yueming Song, Youdi Xue, Xi Yang, Chunguang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Recently, polylactide is the most popular material used to made bioabsorbable cages, but too fast degradation and osteolysis around the cage have been reported in the literature. This study evaluated the fusion effect, biomechanical stability and histological characteristics of a novel bioabsorbable multi-amino acid copolymer/nano-hydroxyapatite/calcium sulphate (MAACP/n-HA/CS) interbody cage in a goat model of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: A total of 24 goats underwent C3/C4 discectomy and fusion with three groups of intervertebral implants: MAACP/n-HA/CS cage group (n = 8), titanium cage group (n = 8) and autologous tricortical iliac crest bone group (n = 8)...
April 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407759/a-new-clinical-algorithm-scoring-for-management-of-suspected-foreign-body-aspiration-in-children
#17
Ibrahim A Janahi, Shabina Khan, Prem Chandra, Noora Al-Marri, Ammar Saadoon, Lolwa Al-Naimi, Maryam Al-Thani, William Greer
BACKGROUND: Foreign Body Aspiration (FBA) is a serious problem in children and delays in diagnosis and management can be devastating. The history is often vague, with subtle physical and chest radiograph abnormalities. This study aims to determine the indications for bronchoscopy in children with suspected FBA and evaluate the key clinical and statistically significant predictors of FBA, based on the patients' historical, physical and radiological findings at presentation. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study, including patients who were admitted between January 2001 to January 2011 with suspected FBA...
April 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407429/biofilms-and-host-response-helpful-or-harmful
#18
REVIEW
Claus Moser, Hannah Trøstrup Pedersen, Christian Johann Lerche, Mette Kolpen, Laura Line, Kim Thomsen, Niels Høiby, Peter Østrup Jensen
Biofilm infections are one of the modern medical world's greatest challenges. Probably, all non-obligate intracellular bacteria and fungi can establish biofilms. In addition, there are numerous biofilm-related infections, both foreign body-related and non-foreign body-related. Although biofilm infections can present in numerous ways, one common feature is involvement of the host response with significant impact on the course. A special characteristic is the synergy of the innate and the acquired immune responses for the induced pathology...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406037/does-acculturation-affect-the-dietary-intakes-and-body-weight-status-of-children-of-immigrants-in-the-u-s-and-other-developed-countries-a-systematic-review
#19
Qi Zhang, Ruicui Liu, Leigh A Diggs, Youfa Wang, Li Ling
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews available studies on the relationship between acculturation and obesity among children of immigrants who have at least one foreign-born parent. METHODS: A systematic review of relevant studies was undertaken using PubMed, Web of Science, and PsychInfo. RESULTS: The initial search identified 1317 potentially relevant publications, of which 21 were retained after three rounds of screening. Most studies were conducted in the U...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404857/opening-borders-for-foreign-bodies
#20
Christopher M Jewell
Targeting macrophage-specific receptors involved in host immune response against foreign bodies eliminates the fibrotic processes responsible for failure of many implantable biomedical devices.
April 12, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
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