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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434664/marine-debris-in-beaches-of-the-southwestern-atlantic-an-assessment-of-their-abundance-and-mass-at-different-spatial-scales-in-northern-coastal-argentina
#1
Maria Eugenia Becherucci, Alan Federico Rosenthal, Juan Pablo Seco Pon
Argentina is currently undergoing an intensive development of coastal-oriented tourism due to the temperate climate and coastal sceneries of the Southwestern Atlantic and particularly its wide ocean-open sandy beaches, which may turn into an important contributor of marine debris to the beaches. This study was designed to assess at four spatial scales (i) the variation of the abundance and mass of marine debris and (ii) the composition and sources of these items in sandy-tourist beaches of coastal zones of the province of Buenos Aires, in northern Argentina...
April 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427370/child-sex-tourism-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-its-use-in-a-german-community-sample
#2
Thula Koops, Daniel Turner, Janina Neutze, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of child sex tourism (CST) in a large German community sample, and to compare those who made use of CST with other child sexual abusers regarding established characteristics and risk factors for child sexual abuse. METHODS: Adult German men were recruited through a German market research panel and questioned by means of an anonymous online survey. Group assignment was accomplished based on information on previous sexual contacts with children and previous use of CST...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425959/the-cost-of-arbovirus-disease-prevention-in-europe-area-wide-integrated-control-of-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-in-emilia-romagna-northern-italy
#3
Massimo Canali, Stefano Rivas-Morales, Philippe Beutels, Claudio Venturelli
Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquito) has become the most invasive mosquito species worldwide, in addition to being a well-known vector of diseases, with a proven capacity for the transmission of chikungunya and dengue viruses in Europe as well as the Zika virus in Africa and in laboratory settings. This research quantifies the cost that needs to be provided by public-health systems for area-wide prevention of arboviruses in Europe. This cost has been calculated by evaluating the expenditure of the plan for Aedes albopictus control set up in the Emilia-Romagna region (Northern Italy) after a chikungunya outbreak occurred in 2007...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423087/epidemiological-aspects-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-acl-in-an-endemic-area-of-forest-extractivist-culture-in-western-brazilian-amazonia
#4
Andreia Fernandes Brilhante, Leonardo Augusto Kohatsu Melchior, Vânia Lúcia Brandão Nunes, Cristiane de Oliveira Cardoso, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati
The study sought to analyze clinical and epidemiological aspects of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Xapuri, Acre, Brazil. Data from 2008 to 2014 registered in the notification records of the disease of the Information System of the Complaints of Notification (SINAN), and the data of the Information Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) available from 2007 to 2013 were used and analyzed in the light of the statistics of the temporal series by the Prais-Winsten method and chi-squared test. A total of 906 cases were registered with 60...
April 13, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419550/urban-primate-ranging-patterns-gps-collar-deployments-for-macaca-fascicularis-and-m-sylvanus
#5
Amy R Klegarth, Hope Hollocher, Lisa Jones-Engel, Eric Shaw, Benjamin P Y-H Lee, Tessa Feeney, Damian Holmes, Dale Laguea, Agustín Fuentes
The global increase in urbanization is leading to heavier interface between humans and wildlife. Within these anthropogenic landscapes, little is known about ranging patterns, particularly with regard to urban primates. Here we present the results of the first long-term deployment of multiple GPS collars on two species of macaques to investigate the impacts of urbanization on urban primate ranging patterns in Singapore and Gibraltar. Collars data acquisition were excellent with respect to the amount, quality, and accuracy of data collected; however, remote connectivity and drop-off functionality was poor across all deployments...
May 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418744/taiwan-s-travel-and-border-health-measures-in-response-to-zika
#6
Li-Li Ho, Yu-Hui Tsai, Wang-Ping Lee, Szu-Tsai Liao, Li-Gin Wu, Yi-Chun Wu
Zika virus has recently emerged as a worldwide public health concern. Travel and border health measures stand as one of the main strategies and frontline defenses in responding to international epidemics. As of October 31, 2016, Taiwan has reported 13 imported cases, 5 of which were detected through routine entry screening and active monitoring at international airports. This article shares Taiwan's disease surveillance activities at designated points of entry and travel and border health measures in response to Zika...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417022/role-of-travel-motivations-perceived-risks-and-travel-constraints-on-destination-image-and-visit-intention-in-medical-tourism-theoretical-model
#7
REVIEW
Mohammad J Khan, Shankar Chelliah, Mahmod S Haron, Sahrish Ahmed
Travel motivations, perceived risks and travel constraints, along with the attributes and characteristics of medical tourism destinations, are important issues in medical tourism. Although the importance of these factors is already known, a comprehensive theoretical model of the decision-making process of medical tourists has yet to be established, analysing the intricate relationships between the different variables involved. This article examines a large body of literature on both medical and conventional tourism in order to propose a comprehensive theoretical framework of medical tourism decision-making...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416287/responsible-translation-of-stem-cell-research-an-assessment-of-clinical-trial-registration-and-publications
#8
Moses Fung, Yan Yuan, Harold Atkins, Qian Shi, Tania Bubela
We assessed the extent to which the publication of clinical trial results of innovative cell-based interventions reflects International Society for Stem Cell Research best practice guidelines. We assessed: (1) characteristics and time to publication of completed trials; (2) quality of reported trials; and (3) results of published trials. We identified and analyzed publications from 1,052 novel stem cell clinical trials: 179 (45.4%) of 393 completed trials had published results; 48 trials were registered by known stem cell tourism clinics, none of which reported results...
April 5, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413836/assessment-of-the-perceived-effects-and-management-challenges-of-mikania-micrantha-invasion-in-chitwan-national-park-buffer-zone-community-forest-nepal
#9
Akriti Khadka
The effects of invasion by Mikania micrantha in the buffer zone of Chitwan National Park (CNP) of Nepal are well documented; however the studies were confined to appraising the perception of household and did not assess the changes in livelihood activities after the invasion. This study presents the effects of invasion of M. micrantha on the livelihood of buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park; hence addressing the gap in information and shows the complex effect of M. micrantha on rural livelihood. The study used a questionnaire survey to 170 households in the CNP of Nepal...
April 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402562/medical-tourism-medical-migration-and-global-justice-implications-for-biosecurity-in-a-globalized-world
#10
I Glenn Cohen
We live in the age of globalization. In medicine, that globalization has brought many benefits such as the diffusion of technology and the spread of health care training, but it has also brought threats to biosecurity. This article examines how medical tourism and medical migration pose risks to biosecurity. It also argues that designing legal responses to these risks requires not only technical competence but also a theory of global justice to guide that design.
April 11, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398230/integrating-spherical-panoramas-and-maps-for-visualization-of-cultural-heritage-objects-using-virtual-reality-technology
#11
Mila Koeva, Mila Luleva, Plamen Maldjanski
Development and virtual representation of 3D models of Cultural Heritage (CH) objects has triggered great interest over the past decade. The main reason for this is the rapid development in the fields of photogrammetry and remote sensing, laser scanning, and computer vision. The advantages of using 3D models for restoration, preservation, and documentation of valuable historical and architectural objects have been numerously demonstrated by scientists in the field. Moreover, 3D model visualization in virtual reality has been recognized as an efficient, fast, and easy way of representing a variety of objects worldwide for present-day users, who have stringent requirements and high expectations...
April 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395260/continued-decrease-of-open-surface-water-body-area-in-oklahoma-during-1984-2015
#12
Zhenhua Zou, Jinwei Dong, Michael A Menarguez, Xiangming Xiao, Yuanwei Qin, Russell B Doughty, Katherine V Hooker, K David Hambright
Oklahoma contains the largest number of manmade lakes and reservoirs in the United States. Despite the importance of these open surface water bodies to public water supply, agriculture, thermoelectric power, tourism and recreation, it is unclear how these water bodies have responded to climate change and anthropogenic water exploitation in past decades. In this study, we used all available Landsat 5 and 7 images (16,000 scenes) from 1984 through 2015 and a water index- and pixel-based approach to analyze the spatial-temporal variability of open surface water bodies and its relationship with climate and water exploitation...
April 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395093/repatriation-of-human-remains-following-death-in-international-travellers
#13
Ruairi Connolly, Richard Prendiville, Denis Cusack, Gerard Flaherty
Background: Death during international travel and the repatriation of human remains to one's home country is a distressing and expensive process. Much organization is required involving close liaison between various agencies. Methods: A review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed database. Search terms included: 'repatriation of remains', 'death', 'abroad', 'tourism', 'travel', 'travellers', 'travelling' and 'repatriation'. Additional articles were obtained from grey literature sources and reference lists...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384580/inventory-analysis-and-carbon-footprint-of-coastland-hotel-services-a-spanish-case-study
#14
Rita Puig, Eylem Kiliç, Alejandra Navarro, Jaume Albertí, Lorenzo Chacón, Pere Fullana-I-Palmer
Tourism is a key industry in the Spanish economy. Spain was in the World top three ranking by international tourist arrivals and by income in 2015. The development of the tourism industry is essential to maintain the established economic system. However, if the environmental requirements were not taken into account, the country would face a negative effect on depletion of local environmental resources from which tourism depends. This case study evaluates, through a life cycle perspective, the average carbon footprint of an overnight stay in a Spanish coastland hotel by analyzing 14 two-to-five-stars hotels...
April 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380170/-hotels-and-sanatoria-the-influence-of-tuberculosis-on-mass-tourism-architecture
#15
Eduardo Jiménez Morales, Ingrid Carolina Vargas Díaz
The aim of this article is to verify the influence of tuberculosis on mass tourism architecture. To achieve this, the paper analyses the typological evolution of the hotel since the middle of the nineteenth century, when the first sanatoria appeared in the alpine resorts. A study that creates links between the progress in architecture and the medical therapy advances. The goal is to highlight the hybridisation process between both architectural typologies. Although this overlapping is developed until the Second World War, the influence of its mixture is still present in contemporary mass tourism architecture...
January 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374735/-the-shmakovka-health-resort-the-history-and-the-current-status
#16
L N Derkacheva, A B Kosolapov, Ya A Demeev, O A Skachkov, E V Galenko
The authors distinguish three periods in the history of the «Shmakovka» health resort, viz. pre-revolutionary (from 1870 to 1917), Soviet (from 1917 to 1991) and modern (since 1992 up to the present time). The history of the discovery and the initial development of the mineral springs is highlighted, the foundation and evolution of the major facilities of the «Shmakovka» health resort in the years of socialist construction in the Soviet period is described. Information about the main areas of research carried out based at these facilities at different times is presented...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374225/energy-development-in-colorado-s-pawnee-national-grasslands-mapping-and-measuring-the-disturbance-footprint-of-renewables-and-non-renewables
#17
Chris W Baynard, Ksenya Mjachina, Robert D Richardson, Robert W Schupp, J David Lambert, Alexander A Chibilyev
This paper examines the pattern and extent of energy development in steppe landscapes of northeast Colorado, United States. We compare the landscape disturbance created by oil and gas production to that of wind energy inside the Pawnee National Grasslands eastern side. This high-steppe landscape consists of a mosaic of federal, state, and private lands where dominant economic activities include ranching, agriculture, tourism, oil and gas extraction, and wind energy generation. Utilizing field surveys, remote sensing data and geographic information systems techniques, we quantify and map the footprint of energy development at the landscape level...
April 3, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364525/complications-after-cosmetic-surgery-tourism
#18
Holger J Klein, Dario Simic, Nina Fuchs, Riccardo Schweizer, Tarun Mehra, Pietro Giovanoli, Jan A Plock
Background: Cosmetic surgery tourism characterizes a phenomenon of people traveling abroad for aesthetic surgery treatment. Problems arise when patients return with complications or need of follow-up care. Objectives: To investigate the complications of cosmetic surgery tourism treated at our hospital as well as to analyze arising costs for the health system. Methods: Between 2010 and 2014, we retrospectively included all patients presenting with complications arising from cosmetic surgery abroad...
April 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361004/how-to-use-composite-indicator-and-linear-programming-model-for-determine-sustainable-tourism
#19
Maryam Ziaabadi, Mohammad Malakootian, Mohammad Reza Zare Mehrjerdi, Seied Abdolmajid Jalaee, Hosein Mehrabi Boshrabadi
BACKGROUND: The tourism industry which is one of the most dynamic economic activities in today's world plays a significant role in the sustainable development. Therefore, in addition to paying attention to tourism, sustainable tourism must be taken into huge account; otherwise, the environment and its health will be damaged irreparably. METHODS: To determine the level of sustainability in this study, indicators of sustainable tourism were first presented in three environmental health, economic and social aspects...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358910/size-age-and-habitat-determine-effectiveness-of-palau-s-marine-protected-areas
#20
Alan M Friedlander, Yimnang Golbuu, Enric Ballesteros, Jennifer E Caselle, Marine Gouezo, Dawnette Olsudong, Enric Sala
Palau has a rich heritage of conservation that has evolved from the traditional moratoria on fishing, or "bul", to more western Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), while still retaining elements of customary management and tenure. In 2003, the Palau Protected Areas Network (PAN) was created to conserve Palau's unique biodiversity and culture, and is the country's mechanism for achieving the goals of the Micronesia Challenge (MC), an initiative to conserve ≥30% of near-shore marine resources within the region by 2020...
2017: PloS One
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