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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791943/the-growing-reality-of-the-neurological-complications-of-global-stem-cell-tourism
#1
Katie Julian, Nick Yuhasz, Ethan Hollingsworth, Jaime Imitola
"Stem cell tourism" is defined as the unethical practice of offering unproven cellular preparations to patients suffering from various medical conditions. This phenomenon is rising in the field of neurology as patients are requesting information and opportunities for treatment with stem cells for incurable conditions such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, despite their clinical research and experimental designation. Here, we review the recent trends in "stem cell tourism" in both the United States and abroad, and discuss the recent reports of neurological complications from these activities...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789961/illnesses-associated-with-freshwater-recreation-during-international-travel
#2
REVIEW
Daniel L Bourque, Joseph M Vinetz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: International travel, adventure travel, and eco-tourism are increasing over the past few decades. This review aims to summarize the spectrum of infections associated with recreational freshwater activities and international travel. RECENT FINDINGS: Recreational water activities can be associated with a wide range of infections. Acute febrile illnesses due to leptospirosis and schistosomiasis are not uncommon in travelers following extensive freshwater exposure...
May 22, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789953/update-on-tick-borne-bacterial-diseases-in-travelers
#3
REVIEW
Carole Eldin, Philippe Parola
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ticks are the second most important vectors of infectious diseases after mosquitoes worldwide. The growth of international tourism including in rural and remote places increasingly exposes travelers to tick bite. Our aim was to review the main tick-borne infectious diseases reported in travelers in the past 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, tick-borne bacterial diseases have emerged in travelers including spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses, borrelioses, and diseases caused by bacteria of the Anaplasmataceae family...
May 22, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788400/real-time-incidence-of-travel-related-symptoms-through-a-smartphone-based-app-remote-monitoring-system-a-pilot-study
#4
N Rodriguez-Valero, M J Ledesma Carbayo, D Cuadrado Sanchez, A Vladimirov, M Espriu, I Vera, M Roldan, T de Alba, S Sanz, J L Gonzalez Moreno, M Luengo Oroz, J Muñoz
Trip Doctor®, a Smartphone-based app monitoring system, was developed to detect infections among travelers in real-time. For testing, 106 participants were recruited (62.2% male, mean age 36 years (SD = 11)). Majority of trips were for tourism and main destinations were in South East Asia. Mean travel duration was 14 days (SD = 10). Diarrhea was the most frequently reported symptom (15.5%). The system demonstrated adequate usability and is ready to be used on a larger scale.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786680/-the-comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-bioclimatic-comfort-at-the-territories-of-the-russian-far-east-with-reference-to-winter-time-recreational-activities-and-primary-wellness-tourism
#5
N M Pestereva, A F Khechumyan, N Vorozbit
BACKGROUND: in the framework of the current tendency toward the further development of the socio-economic sphere in the Russian Far East (RFE), the relevant investigations aimed at creating the comfortable conditions for recreational and touristic activities as well as for rehabilitative therapy of the local population acquire the increasingly greater importance. AIM: The objective of the present study was the comprehensive evaluation of the bioclimatic comfort at the territories of interest with special reference to winter-time recreational activities and primary wellness tourism...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780593/interacting-with-wildlife-tourism-increases-activity-of-white-sharks
#6
Charlie Huveneers, Yuuki Y Watanabe, Nicholas L Payne, Jayson M Semmens
Anthropogenic activities are dramatically changing marine ecosystems. Wildlife tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors of the tourism industry and has the potential to modify the natural environment and behaviour of the species it targets. Here, we used a novel method to assess the effects of wildlife tourism on the activity of white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias ). High frequency three-axis acceleration loggers were deployed on ten white sharks for a total of ~9 days. A combination of multivariate and univariate analysis revealed that the increased number of strong accelerations and vertical movements when sharks are interacting with cage-diving operators result in an overall dynamic body acceleration (ODBA) ~61% higher compared with other times when sharks are present in the area where cage-diving occurs...
2018: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780012/epidemiological-clinical-and-laboratory-evaluation-of-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-cases-followed-in-firat-university-hospital-a-6-year-retrospective-analysis
#7
Ayşe Sağmak Tartar, Ayhan Akbulut
OBJECTIVE: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium parasite. Sporadic cases have not been observed in Turkey since 2010, but imported malaria cases are still prevalent owing to migration. The present study aimed to evaluate Plasmodium falciparum malaria in patients hospitalized in our hospital. METHODS: A total of 15 adult patients (14 males and 1 female) who were diagnosed with malaria and who were managed at our clinic between January 2011 and 2017 were evaluated retrospectively for their epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory findings; treatment; and prognosis...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766430/solid-waste-management-of-small-island-developing-states-the-case-of-the-seychelles-a-systemic-and-collaborative-study-of-swiss-and-seychellois-students-to-support-policy
#8
Grégoire Meylan, Adelene Lai, John Hensley, Michael Stauffacher, Pius Krütli
Solid waste management (SWM) is a significant challenge for the Seychelles. Waste generation, fueled by economic development and tourism, increases steadily, while landfilling continues to be the main disposal path, thus exacerbating the island nation's specific weaknesses. Due to the small scale of the Seychelles economy, there is little capital available to stimulate innovations in SWM and generate the knowledge for setting priorities and guiding SWM action. Students from ETH Zurich and UniSey conducted a transdisciplinary case study (tdCS) to fill this knowledge gap and gain insights into the obstacles and opportunities related to sustainable SWM...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765660/behavioural-responses-of-spinner-dolphins-to-human-interactions
#9
Maddalena Fumagalli, Amina Cesario, Marina Costa, John Harraway, Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara, Elisabeth Slooten
There is increasing evidence that whale and dolphin watching activities have detrimental effects on targeted cetacean populations. In Egypt, spinner dolphins regularly occur in the resting areas of Samadai, Satayah and Qubbat'Isa reefs. In-water human interactions with dolphins are regulated with a time-area closure system at Samadai, unregulated at Satayah and non-existent at Qubbat'Isa. This provided an ideal experimental setting to advance our understanding of the effects of tourism on a species highly sensitive to disturbances...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759101/effect-of-the-health-tourism-weight-loss-programme-on-body-composition-and-health-outcomes-in-healthy-and-excess-weight-adults
#10
Hiroyuki Sagayama, Kayoko Shizuma, Makiko Toguchi, Hiroji Mizuhara, Yukiko Machida, Yosuke Yamada, Naoyuki Ebine, Yasuki Higaki, Hiroaki Tanaka
Excess weight loss while minimising fat-free mass (FFM) loss is important for health. Travel is a particular period at risk for weight gain and for which the effects of a short-term intensive weight loss programme have not been studied. Therefore, we studied the effect of a novel, 1-week supervised health travel programme combining high volume, low-to-moderate intensity exercise and energy intake restriction on weight, body composition and health outcomes in adults. Weight was also monitored for 12 weeks after the programme...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753464/development-of-the-national-transplant-program-has-significantly-decreased-but-not-ended-transplant-tourism-in-montenegro
#11
M Ratkovic, N Basic Jukic, Z Kastelan, D Radunovic, P Kavaric, J Brezak, M Topalovic Grkovic, T Hudolin, V Prelevic
Organ transplantation has prolonged and improved the lives of many patients around the world. However, a widespread shortage of donors remains the main factor that has led to organ trafficking and transplant tourism. To stop transplant tourism and to provide optimal treatment for its citizens with end-stage renal disease, Montenegro started performing renal transplantations in September 2012. Thirty-five transplantations have been performed since that time, 34 from living donors and only 1 from a deceased donor...
March 12, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745146/-distribution-pattern-of-riparian-invasive-plants-in-luanhe-basin-north-china-and-its-relationship-with-environment
#12
Ying Ren, Ping He, Jie Xu, Jiao Jia
In this study, the invasive plant species from the riparian vegetation in 56 sampling sites of Luanhe Basin were identified, and the correlations between their composition, spatial distribution and environmental factors were explored. In the basin, a total of 26 invasive species were registered, which belonged to 19 genera and 12 families, and 73.1% of them were annual plants. Asteraceae and Amaranthaceae were the two dominant families with the most invasive species, attributing to 50% of the total invasive species...
June 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736767/mapping-potential-environmental-impacts-from-tourists-using-data-from-social-media-a-case-study-in-the-westfjords-of-iceland
#13
Brack W Hale
With tourism increasing in remote regions, it is important to be able to estimate potential environmental impacts from the tourists in order to plan and manage natural areas. This study combines measures of ecological sensitivity with data from publicly available geotagged photographs posted on the social media site Flickr to assess the vulnerability of the locations frequented by foreign tourists in the Westfjords region of Iceland between 2014 and 2016. The results suggest that tourists cluster primarily around six hotspots that represented some of the major known tourist destinations of the region...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735826/cytomegalovirus-reactivation-and-disease-amongst-patients-with-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-eastern-india-epidemiology-outcome-and-healthcare-cost
#14
Meet Kumar, Mita Roychowdhury, Jeevan Kumar, Anusha Harishankar, Subir Sinha, Saurabh Jayant Bhave, Anupam Chakrapani, Vivek Radhakrishnan, Reena Nair, Sanjay Bhattacharya, Mammen Chandy
Purpose: Data from developing countries about incidence, prognosis and healthcare cost of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation amongst patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) remain scarce. The purpose of the study was to describe the epidemiology, outcome and cost implications of CMV reactivation and CMV disease amongst patients with AHSCT in cancer hospital in Eastern India. Materials and Methods: The study design was a retrospective audit of clinical records...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734590/amazon-rainforest-modulation-of-water-security-in-the-pantanal-wetland
#15
Ivan Bergier, Mario L Assine, Michael M McGlue, Cleber J R Alho, Aguinaldo Silva, Renato L Guerreiro, João C Carvalho
The Pantanal is a large wetland mainly located in Brazil, whose natural resources are important for local, regional and global economies. Many human activities in the region rely on Pantanal's ecosystem services including cattle breeding for beef production, professional and touristic fishing, and contemplative tourism. The conservation of natural resources and ecosystems services provided by the Pantanal wetland must consider strategies for water security. We explored precipitation data from 1926 to 2016 provided by a regional network of rain gauge stations managed by the Brazilian Government...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728134/ethnobotany-of-the-sierra-nevada-del-cocuy-g%C3%A3-ic%C3%A3-n-climate-change-and-conservation-strategies-in-the-colombian-andes
#16
Mireia Alcántara Rodríguez, Andrea Angueyra, Antoine M Cleef, Tinde Van Andel
BACKGROUND: The Sierra Nevada del Cocuy-Güicán in the Colombian Andes is protected as a National Natural Park since 1977 because of its fragile páramo ecosystems, extraordinary biodiversity, high plant endemism, and function as water reservoir. The vegetation on this mountain is threatened by expanding agriculture, deforestation, tourism, and climate change. We present an ethnobotanical inventory among local farmer communities and discuss the effects of vegetation change on the availability of useful plants...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728124/the-evolution-of-israeli-public-policy-for-drug-using-backpackers
#17
Hagit Bonny-Noach
BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years, the young-adult backpacking trip has emerged as a significant social phenomenon in Israeli society. This has received attention from scholars specializing in anthropology and tourism research, but only a few analytical studies exist on the drug policy processes and few provide Israeli social and health perspectives. The interaction of policymakers, media, and health deviancy is an important focus of inquiry. This study charts the establishment of a drug policy for Israeli backpackers...
May 4, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727940/multi-component-determination-of-atmospheric-semi-volatile-organic-compounds-in-soils-and-vegetation-from-tarragona-county-catalonia-spain
#18
Noelia Domínguez-Morueco, Mariana Carvalho, Jordi Sierra, Marta Schuhmacher, José Luis Domingo, Nuno Ratola, Martí Nadal
Tarragona County (Spain) is home to the most important chemical/petrochemical industrial complex in Southern Europe, which raises concerns about the presence and effects of the numerous environmental contaminants. In order to assess the levels and patterns of five classes of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) - polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), synthetic musks (SMs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and one organochlorine pesticide, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), 27 samples of soil and vegetation (Piptatherum L...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727925/effect-of-the-construction-of-ski-runs-on-changes-in-relief-in-a-mountain-catchment-inner-carpathians-southern-poland
#19
Joanna Fidelus-Orzechowska, Dominika Wrońska-Wałach, Jarosław Cebulski, Mirosław Żelazny
In the last decade increasing popularity of winter tourism in mountain areas in Poland influenced development of ski infrastructure. This type of human activity may induce changes in mountain relief. The purpose of the study was to quantify ongoing change patterns via: (i) a determination of spatial and quantitative changes in catchment covered by new ski runs, (ii) a determination of the effect of new ski runs on the rejuvenation of relief in valleys adjacent to ski runs, (iii) an identification of changes in the surface runoff pattern before and after the construction of ski runs...
July 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723839/sar-interferometry-monitoring-of-subsidence-in-a-detritic-basin-related-to-water-depletion-in-the-underlying-confined-carbonate-aquifer-torremolinos-southern-spain
#20
A Ruiz-Constán, A M Ruiz-Armenteros, S Martos-Rosillo, J Galindo-Zaldívar, M Lazecky, M García, J J Sousa, C Sanz de Galdeano, J M Delgado-Blasco, P Jiménez-Gavilán, M Caro-Cuenca, J A Luque-Espinar
This research underlines the need to improve water management policies for areas linked to confined karstic aquifers subjected to intensive exploitation, and to develop additional efforts towards monitoring their subsidence evolution. We analyze subsidence related to intensive use of groundwater in a confined karstic aquifer, through the use of the InSAR technique, by the southern coast of Spain (Costa del Sol). Carbonates are overlain by an unconfined detritic aquifer with interlayered high transmissivity rocks, in connection with the Mediterranean Sea, where the water level is rather stable...
April 30, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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