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Rebecca Albright, Yuichiro Takeshita, David A Koweek, Aaron Ninokawa, Kennedy Wolfe, Tanya Rivlin, Yana Nebuchina, Jordan Young, Ken Caldeira
Coral reefs feed millions of people worldwide, provide coastal protection and generate billions of dollars annually in tourism revenue. The underlying architecture of a reef is a biogenic carbonate structure that accretes over many years of active biomineralization by calcifying organisms, including corals and algae. Ocean acidification poses a chronic threat to coral reefs by reducing the saturation state of the aragonite mineral of which coral skeletons are primarily composed, and lowering the concentration of carbonate ions required to maintain the carbonate reef...
March 14, 2018: Nature
Carina Kirstine Klarskov, Connie Bondo Dydensborg
Jellyfish is the number one cause of human pathologies due to contact with marine organisms. Jellyfish stings can cause a vast number of symptoms in humans like contact derma-titis, itching, pain, cardiovascular problems, anaphylaxis, and even death. This case report is about a 72-year-old woman with intermittent severe hypertension after being stung by jellyfish. Because of tourism and jellyfish migration the prevalence of patients with symptoms after jellyfish stings is increasing.
March 5, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Stacy Buckingham-Howes, Katherine Holmes, J Glenn Morris, Lynn M Grattan
The economic impact of disasters is well known; however, the link between financial loss and behavioral health problems is unknown. Participants included 198 adults of ages 21 to 82, living within 10 miles of the Gulf Coast during the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and were involved in the fishing, harvesting, seafood processing, or service/tourism industries. The functional impact of financial resource loss at 2.5 years post spill was measured using the 26-item Financial Life Events Checklist (FLEC). Individuals responded to financial distress by reducing social events and utility bills and changing food-shopping habits...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Azadeh Arbabi Sabzevari, Morteza Miri, Tayeb Raziei, Hassan Oroji, Mojtaba Rahimi
The present study aims to evaluate the influence of climate conditions on tourism in the port of Chabahar, southeastern Iran, using the climate comfort indices (CIT, PMV, and TCI) and the field data relative to the tourist satisfaction. According to the computed TCI, the autumn-winter season (October-April) is climatically favorable for tourism in Chabahar, but it is ideal during January to March. Based on the computed PMV index, the studied region is in the range of climate comfort in most parts of the year...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
Carole Ayoub Moubareck, Shaimaa F Mouftah, Tibor Pál, Akela Ghazawi, Dalal H Halat, Anju Nabi, Mouza A AlSharhan, Zulfa O AlDeesi, Christabel C Peters, Handan Celiloglu, Manjunath Sannegowda, Dolla K Sarkis, Ágnes Sonnevend
Few studies have addressed the molecular epidemiology of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolates in the Arabian Peninsula, and such investigations have been missing from Dubai, a major economical, tourism and medical centre of the region. The antibiotic susceptibility, the carbapenemase type produced, and the clonality of 89 CRE strains isolated in five major Dubai hospitals in June 2015 - June 2016 were determined. Thirty three percent of the collection of 70 K. pneumoniae, 13 E. coli and 6 other Enterobacteriaceae were extremely drug resistant, 27% were resistant to colistin, and 4...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Francisco Muñoz-Leiva, Janet Hernández-Méndez, Diego Gómez-Carmona
The advent of Web 2.0 is changing tourists' behaviors, prompting them to take on a more active role in preparing their travel plans. It is also leading tourism companies to have to adapt their marketing strategies to different online social media. The present study analyzes advertising effectiveness in social media in terms of customers' visual attention and self-reported memory (recall). Data were collected through a within-subjects and between-groups design based on eye-tracking technology, followed by a self-administered questionnaire...
March 6, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Krystyna Adams, Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A Crooks
We examine the perspectives of 14 key informants with extensive knowledge of dental care provision in Canada regarding systemic factors that could push Canadians to participate in dental tourism. Drawing on interview discussions about Canadians' access to dental care and their participation in dental tourism, we identify systemic factors related to how dental care is financed and delivered, rising costs of dental care and consumerism in terms of their potential role in Canadians' decisions to purchase dental care abroad...
October 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Felix Zhou, Robert Jong, Aron Heroux, Adam Dubrowski
Patients presenting with hypothermia in a rural emergency department can be quite challenging to manage without significant mortality and morbidity. Standard medical school curricula do not fully prepare trainees for the unique aspects of practice in northern rural and remote communities. Training opportunities on site may provide a solution to this lack of experience. However, these communities often have limited simulation-based resources and expertise for conducting and developing simulation scenarios. In this technical report, we outline a hypothermia simulation that utilizes only basic resources and is, thus, practical for rural and remote facilities...
December 28, 2017: Curēus
Krystyna Ciarkowska
Effect of tourism, especially skiing activities, and urbanization on chemical and biochemical properties of soils in touristy town-Zakopane-was investigated. The concentration of heavy metals, nutrients, soil organic matter (SOM), dehydrogenase (DHA), invertase (IA) and urease (Ure) activities in soils from the town centre and out of the town centre was compared with the respective values of adjacent soils in protected areas (TNP). In order to evaluate a degree of contamination and risks of degradation enrichment factor (EF), ecological risk index (RI), Nemerov Pollution Index (PINemerov ) as well as enzyme activity index (EAI) were calculated...
March 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jessica Mao, Weiming Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Ngai Sze Wong, Songyuan Tang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Sex tourism among men who have sex with men (MSM) may exacerbate transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sex tourism is defined as purchasing sex with gifts or money outside of one's hometown. Our objective was to characterize the frequency, socio-demographic characteristics, and sexual risk behaviors among Chinese MSM sex tourists. METHODS: An online, cross-sectional survey for high-risk MSM throughout China was conducted in November 2015 covering sociodemographic characteristics, sexual risk behaviors, and sex tourism...
March 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Günther Neumayr, Peter Lechleitner
OBJECTIVE: A vacation is considered essential to achieve recovery from the stress of work. Knowledge about the potential health effects of holidays is scarce. The East Tyrolean Health Tourism Study is an open comparative study to investigate the cardiovascular effects of a one- week vacation with different activities on healthy vacationers. METHODS: Fifty-two healthy vacationers spending one week in East Tyrol participated in two types of vacation activities (golf vs...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Jaydip Dey, Saurabh Sakhre, Vikash Gupta, Ritesh Vijay, Sunil Pathak, Rajesh Biniwale, Rakesh Kumar
India's tourism industry has emerged as a leading industry with a potential to grow further in the next few decades. Dehradun, one of the famous tourist places in India located in the state of Uttarakhand, attracts tourist from all over the country and abroad. The surge in tourist number paved the way for new infrastructure projects like roads, buildings, and hotels, which in turn affects the topography of the mountainous region. In this study, remote sensing and GIS techniques have been used to assess the impact of tourism on the land environment of Dehradun...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
José Antonio Donázar, Olga Ceballos, Ainara Cortés-Avizanda
The expansion of road networks and the increase in traffic have emerged in recent years as key threats to the conservation of biodiversity. This is particularly concerning in many protected areas because the increase of recreational activities requiring the use of vehicles. Effects of roads and traffic within guild scenarios and ecological processes remain however poorly known. Here we examined how road proximity and traffic intensity influence patterns of resource use in an Old-World avian scavenger guild living in a protected natural park in northern Spain...
February 26, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Paul Frederick Eshoo, Arlyne Johnson, Sivilay Duangdala, Troy Hansel
Ecotourism as a strategy for achieving biodiversity conservation often results in limited conservation impact relative to its investment and revenue return. In cases where an ecotourism strategy has been used, projects are frequently criticized for not providing sufficient evidence on how the strategy has reduced threats or improved the status of the biodiversity it purports to protect. In Lao PDR, revenue from ecotourism has not been directly linked to or dependent on improvements in biodiversity and there is no evidence that ecotourism enterprises have contributed to conservation...
2018: PloS One
Hussein Hassan Soliman, Nagwa Ibrahim Alsharqawi, Mustafa Ahmed Younis
Tourism marriage in Egypt is considered a part of the child marriage phenomenon, as parents following false interpretations of Islamic teachings offer up their daughters for short-term sexual relationships in return for money from tourists. This exploratory study used qualitative methods to interview 42 parents who reside in the city of Darasa, Giza, Egypt, whose daughters were persuaded to engage in tourism marriage. Eight social work students utilized an interview guide that contained 10 questions exploring how parents strike deals with tourists and avoid all legal and traditional procedures of marriage in Egypt...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Kim S Grützmacher, Verena Keil, Sonja Metzger, Livia Wittiger, Ilka Herbinger, Sebastien Calvignac-Spencer, Kerstin Mätz-Rensing, Olivia Haggis, Laurent Savary, Sophie Köndgen, Fabian H Leendertz
Despite being important conservation tools, tourism and research may cause transmission of pathogens to wild great apes. Investigating respiratory disease outbreaks in wild bonobos, we identified human respiratory syncytial virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae as causative agents. A One Health approach to disease control should become part of great ape programs.
February 27, 2018: EcoHealth
Kian Adabi, Evan S Garfein, Oren M Tepper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Dmitry Zavlin, Vishwanath Chegireddy, Anthony Echo, Jeffrey D Friedman, Lior Heller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Mehmet Cetin, Ilknur Zeren, Hakan Sevik, Cansel Cakir, Huseyin Akpinar
The surface site of Yesilyuva Nature Park encompasses natural, social, economic, and cultural characteristics and has become a marker of the region's natural and cultural heritage. To support the preservation of this site, promotional activities should be planned. In this study, because of tourism and related opinions of residents and visitors alike in terms of their natural determination, an important cultural and historical feature is aimed at evaluating the tourism potential of Yesilyuva Nature Park. This framework is designed to establish prospective tourism sustainability...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Lydia L Gan, James R Frederick
The study identified which of the four facilitators (themselves, agents, insurers, or doctors) consumers are most likely to use when they travel for various medical procedures. A survey conducted between 2011 and 2014 yielded 964 responses. The multinomial logistic regression results showed that being 51-64 years old was positively related to going on their own or using agents to arrange for knee replacements. Having a high school education or less was positively linked to using both agents and insurers to facilitate knee replacements, whereas having a bachelor's degree was negatively associated with going on their own for stem cell therapy...
February 23, 2018: Health Marketing Quarterly
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