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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#1
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104695/infectious-disease-risk-and-international-tourism-demand
#2
Jaume Rosselló, Maria Santana-Gallego, Waqas Awan
CONTEXT:  For some countries, favourable climatic conditions for tourism are often associated with favourable conditions for infectious diseases, with the ensuing development constraints on the tourist sectors of impoverished countries where tourism's economic contribution has a high potential. This paper evaluates the economic implications of eradication of Malaria, Dengue, Yellow Fever and Ebola on the affected destination countries focusing on the tourist expenditures. METHODS:  A gravity model for international tourism flows is used to provide an estimation of the impact of each travel-related disease on international tourist arrivals...
January 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103523/anthropogenic-chemical-cues-can-alter-the-swimming-behaviour-of-juvenile-stages-of-a-temperate-fish
#3
Carlos Díaz-Gil, Lucy Cotgrove, Sarah Louise Smee, David Simón-Otegui, Hilmar Hinz, Amalia Grau, Miquel Palmer, Ignacio A Catalán
Human pressure on coastal areas is affecting essential ecosystems including fish nursery habitats. Among these anthropogenic uses, the seasonal increment in the pressure due to leisure activities such as coastal tourism and yachting is an important environmental stressor in many coastal zones. These pressures may elicit understudied impacts due to, for example, sunscreens or other seasonal pollutants. The island of Majorca, northwest Mediterranean Sea, experiences one of the highest number of tourist visits per capita in the world, thus the surrounding coastal habitat is subject to high anthropogenic seasonal stress...
January 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095600/human-quarantine-toward-reducing-infectious-pressure-on-chimpanzees-at-the-ta%C3%A3-chimpanzee-project-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#4
Kim Grützmacher, Verena Keil, Vera Leinert, Floraine Leguillon, Arthur Henlin, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Sophie Köndgen, Alexander Lang, Tobias Deschner, Roman M Wittig, Fabian H Leendertz
Due to their genetic relatedness, great apes are highly susceptible to common human respiratory pathogens. Although most respiratory pathogens, such as human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV), rarely cause severe disease in healthy human adults, they are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality in wild great apes habituated to humans for research or tourism. To prevent pathogen transmission, most great ape projects have established a set of hygiene measures ranging from keeping a specific distance, to the use of surgical masks and establishment of quarantines...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088547/traffic-related-trace-elements-in-soils-along-six-highway-segments-on-the-tibetan-plateau-influence-factors-and-spatial-variation
#5
Guanxing Wang, Chen Zeng, Fan Zhang, Yili Zhang, Christopher A Scott, Xuedong Yan
The accumulation of traffic-related trace elements in soil as the result of anthropogenic activities raises serious concerns about environmental pollution and public health. Traffic is the main source of trace elements in roadside soil on the Tibetan Plateau, an area otherwise devoid of industrial emissions. Indeed, the rapid development of tourism and transportation in this region means it is becoming increasingly important to identify the accumulation levels, influence distance, spatial distribution, and other relevant factors influencing trace elements...
January 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075542/considering-marijuana-legalization-carefully-insights-for-other-jurisdictions-from-analysis-for-vermont
#6
Jonathan P Caulkins, Beau Kilmer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In 2014 the legislature of Vermont, USA passed a law requiring the Secretary of Administration to report on the consequences of legalizing marijuana. The RAND Corporation was commissioned to write that report. This paper summarizes insights from that analysis that are germane to other jurisdictions. METHOD: Translation of key findings from the RAND Corporation report to the broader policy debate. RESULTS: Marijuana legalization encompasses a wide range of possible regimes, distinguished along at least four dimensions: which organizations are allowed to produce and supply the drug, the regulations under which they operate, the nature of the products that can be distributed and taxes and prices...
December 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073496/the-re-eutrophication-of-lake-erie-harmful-algal-blooms-and-hypoxia
#7
REVIEW
Susan B Watson, Carol Miller, George Arhonditsis, Gregory L Boyer, Wayne Carmichael, Murray N Charlton, Remegio Confesor, David C Depew, Tomas O Höök, Stuart A Ludsin, Gerald Matisoff, Shawn P McElmurry, Michael W Murray, R Peter Richards, Yerubandi R Rao, Morgan M Steffen, Steven W Wilhelm
Lake Erie supplies drinking water to more than 11 million consumers, processes millions of gallons of wastewater, provides important species habitat and supports a substantial industrial sector, with >$50 billion annual income to tourism, recreational boating, shipping, fisheries, and other industries. These and other key ecosystem services are currently threatened by an excess supply of nutrients, manifested in particular by increases in the magnitude and extent of harmful planktonic and benthic algal blooms (HABs) and hypoxia...
June 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073476/health-impacts-from-cyanobacteria-harmful-algae-blooms-implications-for-the-north-american-great-lakes
#8
REVIEW
Wayne W Carmichael, Gregory L Boyer
Harmful cyanobacterial blooms (cHABs) have significant socioeconomic and ecological costs, which impact drinking water, fisheries, agriculture, tourism, real estate, water quality, food web resilience and habitats, and contribute to anoxia and fish kills. Many of these costs are well described, but in fact are largely unmeasured. Worldwide cHABs can produce toxins (cyanotoxins), which cause acute or chronic health effects in mammals (including humans) and other organisms. There are few attempts to characterize the full health-related effects other than acute incidences, which may go unrecorded...
April 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073441/applied-simulations-and-integrated-modelling-for-the-understanding-of-toxic-and-harmful-algal-blooms-asimuth-integrated-hab-forecast-systems-for-europe-s-atlantic-arc
#9
Julie Maguire, Caroline Cusack, Manuel Ruiz-Villarreal, Joe Silke, Deirdre McElligott, Keith Davidson
Reasons for the emergent interest in HABs are abundant, including concerns associated with human health, adverse effects on biological resources, economic losses attributed to recreation, tourism and seafood related industries, and the cost of maintaining public advisory services and monitoring programs for shellfish toxins and water quality. The impact of HABs can potentially be mitigated by early warning of their development. In this regard the project ASIMUTH (Applied Simulations and Integrated Modelling for the Understanding of Toxic and Harmful algal blooms) was borne in order to develop short term HAB alert systems for Atlantic Europe...
March 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064035/a-ranking-system-for-prescribed-burn-prioritization-in-table%C3%A2-mountain-national-park-south-africa
#10
Carly Ruth Cowell, Chad Cheney
To aid prescribed burn decision making in Table Mountain National Park, in South Africa a priority ranking system was tested. Historically a wildfire suppression strategy was adopted due to wildfires threatening urban areas close to the park, with few prescribed burns conducted. A large percentage of vegetation across the park exceeded the ecological threshold of 15 years. We held a multidisciplinary workshop, to prioritize areas for prescribed burning. Fire Management Blocks were mapped and assessed using the following seven categories: (1) ecological, (2) management, (3) tourism, (4) infrastructure, (5) invasive alien vegetation, (6) wildland-urban interface and (7) heritage...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062096/coastal-debris-analysis-in-beaches-of-chonburi-province-eastern-of-thailand-as-implications-for-coastal-conservation
#11
Gajahin Gamage Nadeeka Thushari, Suchana Chavanich, Amararatne Yakupitiyage
This study quantified coastal debris along 3 beaches (Angsila, Bangsaen, Samaesarn) in eastern coast of Thailand. Debris samples were collected from lower and upper strata of these beaches during wet and dry seasons. The results showed that Bangsaen had the highest average debris density (15.5m(-2)) followed by Samaesarn (8.10m(-2)), and Angsila (5.54m(-2)). Among the 12 debris categories, the most abundant debris type was plastics (>45% of the total debris) in all beach locations. Coastal debris distribution was related to economic activities in the vicinity...
January 3, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051285/physicians-as-medical-tourism-facilitators-in-nigeria-ethical-issues-of-the-practice
#12
Olusesan A Makinde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029395/the-current-situation-of-infertility-services-provision-in-europe
#13
REVIEW
Ioannis E Messinis, Christina I Messini, Alexandros Daponte, Antonios Garas, Tahir Mahmood
Infertility is a global medical problem of the reproductive system which may affect the quality of a woman's life. Whether infertility provision varies between different European countries has not been investigated in the context of a comparative study. There are, however, differences in legislation between different countries, which encourage "infertility tourism". Women cross borders in order to get access to those treatment modalities that are not provided in their own country. Oocyte donation for example and the high cost of the services locally are common reasons for this mobility...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013473/pollution-in-the-urban-soils-of-lianyungang-china-evaluated-using-a-pollution-index-mobility-of-heavy-metals-and-enzymatic-activities
#14
Yu Li, Hong-Guan Li, Fu-Cheng Liu
Soil samples from 16 urban sites in Lianyungang, China were collected and analyzed. A pollution index was used to assess the potential ecological risk of heavy metals and a sequential extraction procedure was used to evaluate the relative distribution of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and As in exchangeable, carbonate, Fe/Mn oxide, organic/sulfide, and residual fractions. The mobility of heavy metals and urease (URE) activity, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and invertase (INV) activity of soils was determined. The results showed that the average concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and As in Lianyungang soils were much higher than those in the coastal city soil background values of Jiangsu and China...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011170/antiprotozoal-drug-nitazoxanide-enhances-parasitemia-tissue-lesions-and-mortality-caused-by-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-murine-model
#15
Juan Salvador Valle-Reyes, Valery Melnikov, Oxana Dobrovinskaya, Alejandrina Rodriguez-Hernández, Cristina Wookee-Zea, Víctor Pimientel-Rodrigez, Gabriela Rueda-Valdovinos, Iván Delgado-Enciso, Uriel A López-Lemus, Francisco Espinoza-Gómez
Chagas' disease is caused by unicellular parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). It is endemic throughout Latin America, but nowadays has become a global challenge due to tourism and migration. Non-treated infection may result in health-threatening complications and lead to death. Current medications for this infection are nifurtimox (NFT) and benznidazol. Both drugs may cause side effects and are ineffective in the chronic phase. Therefore, new antichagasic compounds are urgently required. Nitazoxanide (NTZ) is a broad spectrum antiparasitic drug, proposed recently as a potential candidate to be added to the list of essential medicines for integrated neglected tropical disease control and elimination...
December 21, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009388/acute-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-on-board-a-cruise-ship-in-the-antarctic-peninsula
#16
Mathieu Carron, Peter Globokar, Bruno A Sicard
Antarctic tourism on board cruise ships has expanded since the 1990s, essentially in the Antarctic Peninsula. Due to remoteness, medical cases may evolve into life threatening conditions as emergency medical evacuations are challenging. We discuss the case of a young crew member who suddenly fainted with an epigastric pain and abundant rectal bleeding while on board a cruise ship heading to the Deception Island (62°57.6 South, 60°29.5 West), 44 h away from Ushuaia by sea. A medical evacuation was necessary to save the patient whose haemoglobin level rapidly decreased from 11 g/dL to 8...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006005/rapid-assessment-of-ecosystem-service-co-benefits-of-biodiversity-priority-areas-in-madagascar
#17
Rachel A Neugarten, Miroslav Honzák, Pierre Carret, Kellee Koenig, Luciano Andriamaro, Carlos Andres Cano, Hedley S Grantham, David Hole, Daniel Juhn, Madeleine McKinnon, Andriambolantsoa Rasolohery, Marc Steininger, Timothy Max Wright, Will R Turner
The importance of ecosystems for supporting human well-being is increasingly recognized by both the conservation and development sectors. Our ability to conserve ecosystems that people rely on is often limited by a lack of spatially explicit data on the location and distribution of ecosystem services (ES), the benefits provided by nature to people. Thus there is a need to map ES to guide conservation investments, to ensure these co-benefits are maintained. To target conservation investments most effectively, ES assessments must be rigorous enough to support conservation planning, rapid enough to respond to decision-making timelines, and often must rely on existing data...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000123/thermotolerant-coliform-loadings-to-coastal-areas-of-santa-catarina-brazil-evidence-the-effect-of-growing-urbanisation-and-insufficient-provision-of-sewerage-infrastructure
#18
Luis H P Garbossa, Robson V Souza, Carlos J A Campos, Argeu Vanz, Luiz F N Vianna, Guilherme S Rupp
Thermotolerant coliform (TC) loadings were quantified for 49 catchments draining into the North and South Bays of Santa Catarina (SC, southeastern Brazil), an area known for its tourism and aquaculture. TC loadings were calculated based on flow measurements taken in 26 rivers. TC concentrations ere quantified based on surface water samples collected at 49 catchment outlets in 2012 and 2013. Median TC loads ranged from 3.7 × 10(3) to 6.8 × 10(8) MPN s(-1). TC loadings in the catchments increased in proportion to increases in resident human population, population density and percentage of urbanised area...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996155/the-origin-and-role-of-trust-in-local-policy-elites-perceptions-of-high-voltage-power-line-installations-in-the-state-of-arkansas
#19
Creed Tumlison, Rachael M Moyer, Geoboo Song
The debate over an installation of high-voltage power lines (HVPLs) has been intense, particularly in northwest Arkansas. Detractors claim that the installation will negatively affect both the natural environment and the local economy, which contains a large tourism component. By contrast, those in favor of installing HVPLs claim that the installation is necessary in order to reliably support the increasing demand for electric power. Using original data collected from a recent statewide Internet survey of 420 local policy elites in Arkansas, this article focuses on two key aspects...
December 20, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992110/kidney-exchange-to-overcome-financial-barriers-to-kidney-transplantation
#20
M A Rees, T B Dunn, C S Kuhr, C L Marsh, J Rogers, S E Rees, A Cicero, L J Reece, A E Roth, O Ekwenna, D E Fumo, K D Krawiec, J E Kopke, S Jain, M Tan, S R Paloyo
Organ shortage is the major limitation to kidney transplantation in the developed world. Conversely, millions of patients in the developing world with end-stage renal disease die because they cannot afford renal replacement therapy-even when willing living kidney donors exist. This juxtaposition between countries with funds but no available kidneys and those with available kidneys but no funds prompts us to propose an exchange program using each nation's unique assets. Our proposal leverages the cost savings achieved through earlier transplantation over dialysis to fund the cost of kidney exchange between developed-world patient-donor pairs with immunological barriers and developing-world patient-donor pairs with financial barriers...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
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