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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908469/-ethics-and-kidney-transplants-with-living-donors
#1
Marie-France Mamzer Bruneel
The ethical debate surrounding transplant practices questions our societies. International recommendations set out numerous precautions which must be taken to ensure that donors act with their free will. While in most countries, including France, organ donation is a voluntary and non-commercial act, a black market exists in the world resulting in the trafficking of organs and tragic transplant tourism.
December 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905961/estimating-average-alcohol-consumption-in-the-population-using-multiple-sources-the-case-of-spain
#2
Luis Sordo, Gregorio Barrio, María J Bravo, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Montserrat Neira, Enrique Regidor
BACKGROUND: National estimates on per capita alcohol consumption are provided regularly by various sources and may have validity problems, so corrections are needed for monitoring and assessment purposes. Our objectives were to compare different alcohol availability estimates for Spain, to build the best estimate (actual consumption), characterize its time trend during 2001-2011, and quantify the extent to which other estimates (coverage) approximated actual consumption. METHODS: Estimates were: alcohol availability from the Spanish Tax Agency (Tax Agency availability), World Health Organization (WHO availability) and other international agencies, self-reported purchases from the Spanish Food Consumption Panel, and self-reported consumption from population surveys...
June 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905939/causes-of-death-in-vanuatu
#3
Karen Carter, Viran Tovu, Jeffrey Tila Langati, Michael Buttsworth, Lester Dingley, Andy Calo, Griffith Harrison, Chalapati Rao, Alan D Lopez, Richard Taylor
BACKGROUND: The population of the Pacific Melanesian country of Vanuatu was 234,000 at the 2009 census. Apart from subsistence activities, economic activity includes tourism and agriculture. Current completeness of vital registration is considered too low to be usable for national statistics; mortality and life expectancy (LE) are derived from indirect demographic estimates from censuses/surveys. Some cause of death (CoD) data are available to provide information on major causes of premature death...
March 15, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905896/the-impact-of-medical-tourism-on-colorectal-screening-among-korean-americans-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#4
Linda K Ko, Victoria M Taylor, Jihye Yoon, Wade K Copeland, Joo Ha Hwang, Eun Jeong Lee, John Inadomi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Korean Americans (KAs) in part due to low screening rates. Recent studies suggest that some KA patients engage in medical tourism and receive medical care in their home country. The impact of medical tourism on CRC screening is unknown. The purpose of this paper was to 1) investigate the frequency of medical tourism, 2) examine the association between medical tourism and CRC screening, and 3) characterize KA patients who engage in medical tourism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905235/halting-health-tourism
#5
Niall McCrae
The Lagos shuttle it's called. Every week several passengers arrive at Gatwick or Heathrow from Nigeria in the late stages of pregnancy.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904054/epidemiology-of-dermatophytoses-in-crete-greece
#6
Sofia Maraki, Viktoria Eirini Mavromanolaki
Dermatophytoses are among the most frequently diagnosed skin infections worldwide. However, the distribution of pathogenic species and the predominating anatomical sites of infection vary with geographical location and change over time. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and aetiological factors of dermatophytoses in Crete, Greece over the last 5-year period (2011-2015) and their incidence in relation to the gender and the age of the patients. We compared our findings with those previously reported from the same area and from other parts of the world...
2016: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902990/medical-tourism
#7
Joseph H Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896300/data-from-a-survey-to-determine-visitor-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-the-provisioning-of-wild-dolphins-at-a-marine-tourism-destination
#8
Greg Simpson, David Newsome, Alicia Day
In the Austral summer of 2014-2015 we surveyed visitors at the popular marine tourism destination of Koombana Bay, Bunbury, Western Australia to investigate resident and visitor attitudes towards the provisioning of the wild dolphins and their knowledge about the legal, social and environmental repercussions arising from the unregulated provisioning of the dolphins. We report the data collected in our survey along with our preliminary statistical analyses and the survey instrument we utilized to collect the data...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893800/ngo-partnerships-in-using-ecotourism-for-conservation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Tania P Romero-Brito, Ralf C Buckley, Jason Byrne
We analyse 214 cases worldwide where non-governmental organisations (NGOs) use ecotourism for conservation. Other stakeholders in these initiatives include local communities, the private sector, and government agencies. Stakeholder relationships determine NGO roles and project management structures and governance. We classified cases into 10 structural categories based on the initiating stakeholder and the NGO role, and used these categories to analyze geographic patterns and success factors. Most of the 214 cases are community-based (~170; 79%); most are in developing countries (190; 89%); and most are in protected areas (196; 91%)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892908/regional-interrelationships-a-leadership-opportunity-for-health-care
#10
Timothy Rotarius, Aaron Liberman
Given the impact that the health care industry has on the national economy, health care executives need to move beyond simply providing health care treatments and instead focus on strategically leading their regions, including the other key industry contributors in their specific regions. Geographic and economic regions can be viewed as concentric circles of influence, with each circle recognizing the resources and contributions that are specific to a region. An acknowledgement by health care executives of the regional interrelationships that exist in a specific region is necessary for health care managers to strategically lead regional interrelationships...
January 2016: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888818/high-altitude-illness
#11
Anna Hartman-Ksycińska, Jolanta Kluz-Zawadzka, Bogumił Lewandowski
High-altitude illness is a result of prolonged high-altitude exposure of unacclimatized individuals. The illness is seen in the form of acute mountain sickness (AMS) which if not treated leads to potentially life-threatening high altitude pulmonary oedema and high-altitude cerebral oedema. Medical problems are caused by hypobaric hypoxia stimulating hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) release. As a result, the central nervous system, circulation and respiratory system function impairment occurs. The most important factor in AMS treatment is acclimatization, withdrawing further ascent and rest or beginning to descent; oxygen supplementation, and pharmacological intervention, and, if available, a portable hyperbaric chamber...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882478/unexpected-hosts-imaging-parasitic-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Pablo Rodríguez Carnero, Paula Hernández Mateo, Susana Martín-Garre, Ángela García Pérez, Lourdes Del Campo
Radiologists seldom encounter parasitic diseases in their daily practice in most of Europe, although the incidence of these diseases is increasing due to migration and tourism from/to endemic areas. Moreover, some parasitic diseases are still endemic in certain European regions, and immunocompromised individuals also pose a higher risk of developing these conditions. This article reviews and summarises the imaging findings of some of the most important and frequent human parasitic diseases, including information about the parasite's life cycle, pathophysiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment...
November 23, 2016: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876457/providers-perspectives-on-inbound-medical-tourism-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-factors-driving-and-inhibiting-sector-development-and-their-health-equity-implications
#13
Rory Johnston, Valorie A Crooks, Alejandro Cerón, Ronald Labonté, Jeremy Snyder, Emanuel O Núñez, Walter G Flores
BACKGROUND: Many governments and health care providers worldwide are enthusiastic to develop medical tourism as a service export. Despite the popularity of this policy uptake, there is relatively little known about the specific local factors prospectively motivating and informing development of this sector. OBJECTIVE: To identify common social, economic, and health system factors shaping the development of medical tourism in three Central American and Caribbean countries and their health equity implications...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858260/an-assessment-of-site-suitability-for-marina-construction-in-istanbul-turkey-using-gis-and-ahp-multicriteria-decision-analysis
#14
Mustafa Umit Gumusay, Gokalp Koseoglu, Tolga Bakirman
Marinas play a key role in sea transportation and tourism. The problem of an insufficient marina capacity has revealed in terms of sea traffic due to the demographic structure and increasing tourism potential of Istanbul which is the biggest metropolitan city of Turkey and has around 600-km-long coastline. Therefore, the study area is mainly focused on the Marmara Sea shoreline of Istanbul. Rather than traditional methods, a rapid and cost-effective solution which considers natural and urban environment conditions is essential to satisfy the need for a marina site selection...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856034/understanding-local-community-s-values-worldviews-and-perceptions-in-the-galloway-and-southern-ayrshire-biosphere-reserve-scotland
#15
Maya I Hernes, Marc J Metzger
Biosphere reserves have been studied around the world, but methods to elicit community's values, worldviews and perceptions are missing. A greater understanding of these can help avoid tension and improve successful management. This paper used a mixed-methods survey to elicit local community's environmental values, ecological world views and perceptions of the Galloway and Southern Ayrshire Biosphere Reserve (GSABR). Over three weeks, forty participants from three communities of the GSABR responded to a semi-structured mixed-methods survey...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848413/nurses-reject-call-for-greater-involvement-in-government-s-health-tourism-crackdown
#16
(no author information available yet)
Nurses have voiced concerns over what role, if any, they should play in deciding whether overseas patients should be charged for NHS care.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848133/sociopolitical-and-economic-elements-to-explain-the-environmental-performance-of-countries
#17
Thiago Alexandre das Neves Almeida, Isabel-María García-Sánchez
The present research explains environmental performance using an ecological composite index as the dependent variable and focusing on two national dimensions: sociopolitical characteristics and economics. Environmental performance is measured using the Composite Index of Environmental Performance (CIEP) indicator proposed by García-Sánchez et al. (2015). The first model performs a factor analysis to aggregate the variables according to each analyzed dimension. In the second model, the estimation is run using only single variables...
November 15, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845576/assisted-suicide-as-a-remedy-for-suffering-the-end-of-life-preferences-of-british-suicide-tourists
#18
Naomi Richards
The highly charged debate about the moral status of assisted suicide features regularly in the news media in medically advanced countries. In the UK, the debate has been dominated in recent years by a new mode of death: assisted suicide in Switzerland, so-called 'suicide tourism'. Drawing on in-depth interviews with people who were actively planning on 'going to Switzerland', alongside participant-observation at a do-it-yourself self-deliverance workshop, I discuss how participants arrived at their decision to seek professionalized assistance...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843818/the-dire-need-for-primary-care-specialization-in-india-concerns-and-challenges
#19
Nafis Faizi, Najam Khalique, Anees Ahmad, Mohammad Salman Shah
Primary health care is an evidence-based priority, but it is still inadequately supported in many countries. Ironically, on one hand, India is a popular destination for medical tourism due to the affordability of high quality of health care and, on the other hand, ill health and health care are the main reasons for becoming poor through medical poverty traps. Surprisingly, this is despite the fact that India was committed to 'Health for All by 2000' in the past, and is committed to 'Universal Health Coverage' by 2022! Clearly, these commitments are destined to fail unless something is done to improve the present state of affairs...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832833/assessment-and-source-identification-of-pollution-risk-for-touristic-ports-heavy-metals-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-sediments-of-4-marinas-of-the-apulia-region-italy
#20
Matilda Mali, Maria Michela Dell'Anna, Piero Mastrorilli, Leonardo Damiani, Alberto Ferruccio Piccinni
The Apulia region in Italy has the longest Adriatic coastline; thus, maritime tourism is the driving force for its economic development. Pollution risk for four representative touristic ports of the region was assessed by determining the concentrations of 10 metals, 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) congeners, and the main nutrients. The cumulative mean Effects Range-Median quotient (mERMq) was used to assess the hazard degree, while the distribution patterns and content ratios of different PAH sediment concentrations were investigated to identify the pollution sources...
November 7, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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