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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342827/foreign-citizen-mortality-in-iceland-january-2006-december-2016
#1
S N Kunz, R Bingert
BACKGROUND: In recent years, tourism has become the number one account for foreign exchange income in Iceland, overtaking the fisheries industry and aluminium production. The rise of tourism has strongly affected Icelandic society in various sectors. With the increase of tourists visiting Iceland, the number of foreign citizens that died and were autopsied also rose. METHOD: Data were collected from the Department of Forensic Pathology at Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik for the period January 2006 - December 2016...
March 23, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318561/litter-assessment-on-99-cuban-beaches-a-baseline-to-identify-sources-of-pollution-and-impacts-for-tourism-and-recreation
#2
C M Botero, G Anfuso, C Milanes, A Cabrera, G Casas, E Pranzini, A T Williams
Litter presence was assessed on the entire Cuban coastline, and includes 99 beaches from all Cuban regions, during field work carried out in 2012 and 2015. A standard method verified in several countries was applied, which classified beaches for nine types of litter into four grades (A-excellent to D-poor). Almost half of the Cuban beaches obtained excellent cleanliness scores, although many needed to be better managed. In this baseline, the most common types of residue were general litter (8% grade D and 35% grades B/C) and potentially harmful litter (<68% with grade A)...
March 17, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314495/global-service-learning-and-student-athletes-a-model-for-enhanced-academic-inclusion-at-the-university-of-washington
#3
Holly M Barker
BACKGROUND: The University of Washington (UW) continues to create opportunities to engage all students in transformational undergraduate educational opportunities, such as study abroad. OBJECTIVE: This article describes specific efforts to increase inclusion for student-athletes in study abroad, particularly for first-generation students, including low-income students of color. Given the overrepresentation of students of color in sports vis-à-vis the larger student body at predominantly white institutions (PWIs), like UW, service-learning in communities beyond campus boundaries provides opportunities to apply international learning to a local context and to create a continuum of learning...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299028/new-definition-of-transplant-tourism
#4
B Broumand, R F Saidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286690/a-carbon-cycle-model-for-the-social-ecological-process-in-coastal-wetland-a-case-study-on-gouqi-island-east-china
#5
Yanxia Li, Lihu Xiong, Wenjia Zhu
Coastal wetlands offer many important ecosystem services both in natural and in social systems. How to simultaneously decrease the destructive effects flowing from human activities and maintaining the sustainability of regional wetland ecosystems are an important issue for coastal wetlands zones. We use carbon credits as the basis for regional sustainable developing policy-making. With the case of Gouqi Island, a typical coastal wetlands zone that locates in the East China Sea, a carbon cycle model was developed to illustrate the complex social-ecological processes...
2017: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285804/the-impact-of-the-dimensions-of-environmental-performance-on-firm-performance-in-travel-and-tourism-industry
#6
Siow-Hooi Tan, Muzafar Shah Habibullah, Siow-Kian Tan, Shay-Wei Choon
This study investigates the impact of the aggregate and individual dimensions of environmental performance (EP) on financial performance (FP), based on a dataset covering the travel and tourism industry (airlines, casinos, hotels, and restaurants) across different economic regions over the period 2003-2014. The results reveal that EP positively affects the FP in the hotel industry when aggregate EP is used. When individual dimensions of EP are considered, resource reduction is found to positively (negatively) affect the performance in the hotel (airline) industry, while product innovation positively affects the performance in the restaurant industry...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284634/contamination-sources-and-distribution-patterns-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-products-in-alpine-rivers-strongly-affected-by-tourism
#7
Ladislav Mandaric, Elena Diamantini, Elisa Stella, Karina Cano-Paoli, Jennifer Valle-Sistac, Daniel Molins-Delgado, Alberto Bellin, Gabriele Chiogna, Bruno Majone, M Silvia Diaz-Cruz, Sergi Sabater, Damia Barcelo, Mira Petrovic
Knowledge regarding the impact of tourism on the emergence of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in Alpine river waters is limited and scarce. Therefore, a study on the occurrence patterns and spatiotemporal variability of 105 PPCPs in an Alpine river basin located in the Trentino-Alto Adige region (North-Eastern Italy) has been conducted. We observed that the total concentration of analyzed PPCPs was generally higher in all sampling sites during winter than in the summer. The analysis of tourist data revealed that during both sampling campaigns the number of tourists was lower in the downstream sites in comparison with the upstream area of the basin (Val di Sole)...
March 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276937/toward-the-tailoring-of-sexual-health-education-messages-for-young-women-a-focus-on-tourist-experiences
#8
Liza Berdychevsky
Perceived anonymity and decreased influence of sexual double standards in tourism provide female travelers with opportunities for sexual experimentation and risk taking. The purpose of this study was (a) to identify the clusters of risk takers among young women based on their perceptions of and motivations for sexual risk taking in tourism and (b) to profile the clusters with respect to the psychological, sexual, demographic, and tourist characteristics. The data were collected through an online survey of 853 women (age in years: M = 23...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274263/cross-border-movement-of-older-patients-a-descriptive-study-on-health-service-use-of-japanese-retirees-in-thailand
#9
Yumiko Miyashita, Chutima Akaleephan, Nima Asgari-Jirhandeh, Channarong Sungyuth
BACKGROUND: Thailand's policy to promote long-stay tourism encourages Japanese retirees to relocate to Thailand. One concern of such an influx is the impact of these elderly foreign residents on the Thai health system. This study aims to reveal the current use of and needs for health services amongst Japanese retirees residing in various locations in Thailand. METHODS: In collaboration with nine Japanese self-help clubs in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, and Phuket, questionnaire surveys of Japanese long-stay retirees were conducted from January to March 2015...
March 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271992/evaluating-quality-of-medical-tourism-for-heart-surgery-measures-that-matter
#10
Michael Schlosser, Felix Lee
There are some success stories. Lowe's pioneering flat-rate deal with the Cleveland Clinic for heart surgery has shown both cost savings and quality improvement. Other large employers, notably Walmart and PepsiCo, have followed suit, signing contracts with self-described, single-hospital "centers of excellence" for a handful of elective procedures.
February 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271409/the-effect-of-spaceflight-and-microgravity-on-the-human-brain
#11
Angelique Van Ombergen, Athena Demertzi, Elena Tomilovskaya, Ben Jeurissen, Jan Sijbers, Inessa B Kozlovskaya, Paul M Parizel, Paul H Van de Heyning, Stefan Sunaert, Steven Laureys, Floris L Wuyts
Microgravity, confinement, isolation, and immobilization are just some of the features astronauts have to cope with during space missions. Consequently, long-duration space travel can have detrimental effects on human physiology. Although research has focused on the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal system in particular, the exact impact of spaceflight on the human central nervous system remains to be determined. Previous studies have reported psychological problems, cephalic fluid shifts, neurovestibular problems, and cognitive alterations, but there is paucity in the knowledge of the underlying neural substrates...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265713/fate-of-metals-in-relation-to-water-and-sediment-properties-in-a-subtropical-lake-in-central-himalaya-india
#12
Shaikhom Inaotombi, Prem Kumar Gupta
Lakes of Himalaya are one of the most fragile ecosystems on earth. Tourism and urban development in the upland region strongly affect its water resources. The high rate of sedimentation and organic matter deposition alters the ecological state of sediment bed, which indirectly influences on dynamics of metallic elements. We investigated spatial and temporal variations of water and sediment characteristic in Lake Sattal of Central Himalaya, India. Samples were collected seasonally from four sampling locations from January 2011 to December 2012...
April 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258667/leprosy-one-of-the-many-forgotten-tropical-diseases
#13
Zofia Zwolska, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć
Leprosy or Hansen disease is caused by an infection of Mycobacterium leprae. The large number of undetected cases (2000-2012 years 4 mln people) remains a threat to the elimination of leprosy. Leprosy is an unheard in Poland and generally is considered a condition so "exotic" that it is not worth to spend more attention to it. Forgotten disease in developed countries still thrives in an environment of poor and uneducated. Regardless of the conclusion that in the 21st century none infectious disease should not be treated as a disease on the designated regions of the world, other than our own, it should be recalled that the M...
February 14, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254037/trace-elements-and-rare-earth-elements-in-wet-deposition-of-lijiang-mt-yulong-region-southeastern-edge-of-the-tibetan-plateau
#14
Junming Guo, Shichang Kang, Jie Huang, Mika Sillanpää, Hewen Niu, Xuejun Sun, Yuanqing He, Shijing Wang, Lekhendra Tripathee
In order to investigate the compositions and wet deposition fluxes of trace elements and rare earth elements (REEs) in the precipitation of the southeastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau, 38 precipitation samples were collected from March to August in 2012 in an urban site of Lijiang city in the Mt. Yulong region. The concentrations of most trace elements and REEs were higher during the non-monsoon season than during the monsoon season, indicating that the lower concentrations of trace elements and REEs observed during monsoon had been influenced by the dilution effect of increased precipitation...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251529/regional-environmental-change-and-human-activity-over-the-past-hundred-years-recorded-in-the-sedimentary-record-of-lake-qinghai-china
#15
ZhanJiang Sha, Qiugui Wang, Jinlong Wang, Jinzhou Du, Jufang Hu, Yujun Ma, Fancui Kong, Zhuan Wang
Environmental change and human activity can be recorded in sediment cores in aquatic systems such as lakes. Information from such records may be useful for environmental governance in the future. Six sediment cores were collected from Lake Qinghai, China and its sublakes during 2012 and 2013. Measurements of sediment grain-size fractions indicate that sedimentation in the north and southwest of Lake Qinghai is dominated by river input, whereas that in Lake Gahai and Lake Erhai is dominated by dunes. The sedimentation rates in Lake Qinghai were calculated to be 0...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251453/people-s-perception-on-impacts-of-hydro-power-projects-in-bhagirathi-river-valley-india
#16
G C S Negi, Disha Punetha
The people's perception on environmental and socio-economic impacts due to three hydro-electric projects (HEPs; commissioned and under construction) were studied in the north-west Indian Himalaya. Surveys among 140 project-affected people (PAPs) using a checklist of impacts indicate that among the negative impacts, decrease in flora/fauna, agriculture, flow of river, aesthetic beauty; and increase in water pollution, river bed quarrying for sand/stone, human settlement on river banks and social evils; and among the positive impacts, increase in standard of living, road connectivity, means of transport, public amenities, tourism and environmental awareness were related with HEPs...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247102/cosmetic-surgery-regulatory-challenges-in-a-global-beauty-market
#17
Danielle Griffiths, Alex Mullock
The market for cosmetic surgery tourism is growing with an increase in people travelling abroad for cosmetic surgery. While the reasons for seeking cosmetic surgery abroad may vary the most common reason is financial, but does cheaper surgery abroad carry greater risks? We explore the risks of poorly regulated cosmetic surgery to society generally before discussing how harm might be magnified in the context of cosmetic tourism, where the demand for cheaper surgery drives the market and makes surgery accessible for increasing numbers of people...
February 28, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246527/statistical-modeling-and-prediction-for-tourism-economy-using-dendritic-neural-network
#18
Ying Yu, Yirui Wang, Shangce Gao, Zheng Tang
With the impact of global internationalization, tourism economy has also been a rapid development. The increasing interest aroused by more advanced forecasting methods leads us to innovate forecasting methods. In this paper, the seasonal trend autoregressive integrated moving averages with dendritic neural network model (SA-D model) is proposed to perform the tourism demand forecasting. First, we use the seasonal trend autoregressive integrated moving averages model (SARIMA model) to exclude the long-term linear trend and then train the residual data by the dendritic neural network model and make a short-term prediction...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244025/-consensus-paper-treatment-of-acute-traveler-s-diarrhea-practice-recommendation-for-travel-advice
#19
Tomas Jelinek, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Martin Haditsch, Thomas Weinke
BACKGROUND: In times of mass tourism, traveler's diarrhea is one of the most common health problems of long-distance travel. Globally, some 40 million cases occur annually. Travellers to risk areas should therefore be comprehensively advised beforehand, as to what action to take in case of an acute traveler's diarrhea and what drugs to add to their first-aid kit. To date none, or hardly any specific studies or valid specific guidelines for the treatment of traveler's diarrhea are available for Germany...
March 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237076/metal-concentration-in-the-tourist-beaches-of-south-durban-an-industrial-hub-of-south-africa
#20
E Vetrimurugan, V C Shruti, M P Jonathan, Priyadarsi D Roy, N W Kunene, Lorena Elizabeth Campos Villegas
South Durban basin of South Africa has witnessed tremendous urban, industrial expansion and mass tourism impacts exerting significant pressure over marine environments. 43 sediment samples from 7 different beaches (Bluff beach; Ansteys beach; Brighton beach; Cutting beach; Isipingo beach; Tiger Rocks beach; Amanzimtoti beach) were analyzed for acid leachable metals (ALMs) Fe, Mg, Mn, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Co, Pb, Cd, Zn and Hg. The metal concentrations found in all the beaches were higher than the background reference values (avg...
February 22, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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