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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746410/environmental-factors-influencing-the-spatio-temporal-distribution-of-carybdea-marsupialis-lineo-1978-cubozoa-in-south-western-mediterranean-coasts
#1
Antonio Canepa, Verónica Fuentes, Mar Bosch-Belmar, Melissa Acevedo, Kilian Toledo-Guedes, Antonio Ortiz, Elia Durá, César Bordehore, Josep-Maria Gili
Jellyfish blooms cause important ecological and socio-economic problems. Among jellyfish, cubozoans are infamous for their painful, sometimes deadly, stings and are a major public concern in tropical to subtropical areas; however, there is little information about the possible causes of their outbreaks. After a bloom of the cubomedusa Carybdea marsupialis (Carybdeidae) along the coast of Denia (SW Mediterranean, Spain) in 2008 with negative consequences for local tourism, the necessity to understand the ecological restrictions on medusae abundance was evident...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743008/wastewater-contamination-in-antarctic-melt-water-streams-evidenced-by-virological-and-organic-molecular-markers
#2
L F L Tort, K Iglesias, C Bueno, A Lizasoain, M Salvo, J Cristina, N Kandratavicius, L Pérez, R Figueira, M C Bícego, S Taniguchi, N Venturini, E Brugnoli, R Colina, M Victoria
Human activities in the Antarctica including tourism and scientific research have been raised substantially in the last century with the concomitant impact on the Antarctic ecosystems through the release of wastewater mainly from different scientific stations activities. The aim of this study was to assess the wastewater contamination of surface waters and sediments of three melt-water streams (11 sites) by leaking septic tanks located in the vicinity of the Uruguayan Scientific Station in the Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica, during summer 2015...
July 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#3
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740618/ethical-issues-associated-with-medical-tourism-in-africa
#4
REVIEW
John J O Mogaka, Lucia Mupara, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni
Global disparities in medical technologies, laws, economic inequities, and social-cultural differences drive medical tourism (MT), the practice of travelling to consume healthcare that is either too delayed, unavailable, unaffordable or legally proscribed at home. Africa is simultaneously a source and destination for MT. MT however, presents a new and challenging health ethics frontier, being largely unregulated and characterized by policy contradictions, minority discrimination and conflict of interest among role-players...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738782/space-and-space-time-distributions-of-dengue-in-a-hyper-endemic-urban-space-the-case-of-girardot-colombia
#5
Mauricio Fuentes-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a widely spread vector-borne disease. Dengue cases in the Americas have increased over the last few decades, affecting various urban spaces throughout these continents, including the tourism-oriented city of Girardot, Colombia. Interactions among mosquitoes, pathogens and humans have recently been examined using different temporal and spatial scales in attempts to determine the roles that social and ecological systems play in dengue transmission. The current work characterizes the spatial and temporal behaviours of dengue in Girardot and discusses the potential territorial dynamics related to the distribution of this disease...
July 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734569/factor-associated-variations-in-the-home-range-of-a-resident-adriatic-common-bottlenose-dolphin-population
#6
Nikolina Rako-Gospić, Marko Radulović, Tihana Vučur, Grgur Pleslić, Draško Holcer, Peter Mackelworth
This study investigates the influence of the most dominant factors (association patterns, gender, natal philopatry and anthropogenic pressure) on the home range size of the 44 most resident common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) inhabiting the waters of the Cres-Lošinj archipelago (north Adriatic Sea, Croatia), a recently declared NATURA 2000 SCI. Results show that variations in home range patterns (MCP, 95% KDE and 50% KDE home range size) among the individual resident dolphins are primarily related to differences in gender and reflect the way in which different genders respond to external stressors...
July 19, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730984/bariatric-surgery-tourism-hidden-costs-how-canada-is-not-doing-its-part-in-covering-bariatric-surgery-under-the-canada-health-act
#7
Michel Gagner
Many Canadians seek medical treatment outside our borders. Waiting times, rather than lack of expertise, are the number one culprit, and with globalization of health care, the number of patients who travel to obtain medical care will continue to rise. Though the provinces have covered the costs of complications from surgeries performed abroad for many years, complications from bariatric surgery performed abroad have been receiving negative attention. This commentary discusses associated costs and questions how the Canada Health Act should be covering bariatric procedures...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721625/key-indicator-tools-for-shallow-slope-failure-assessment-using-soil-chemical-property-signatures-and-soil-colour-variables
#8
Rashidi Othman, Shah Irani Hasni, Zainul Mukrim Baharuddin, Khairusy Syakirin Has-Yun Hashim, Lukman Hakim Mahamod
Slope failure has become a major concern in Malaysia due to the rapid development and urbanisation in the country. It poses severe threats to any highway construction industry, residential areas, natural resources and tourism activities. The extent of damages that resulted from this catastrophe can be lessened if a long-term early warning system to predict landslide prone areas is implemented. Thus, this study aims to characterise the relationship between Oxisols properties and soil colour variables to be manipulated as key indicators to forecast shallow slope failure...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691575/performance-power-and-condom-use-reconceptualised-masculinities-amongst-western-male-sex-tourists-to-thailand
#9
Simon Bishop, Mark Limmer
Each year large numbers of Western men travel to Thailand for sex tourism. Although many will use condoms during their sexual encounters, others will not, potentially exposing themselves to the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Although sex tourism in Thailand has been well documented, the social drivers underpinning voluntary sexual risk-taking through the avoidance of condoms remain poorly understood. Engaging with R.W. Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity and drawing on data collected from 1237 online discussion board posts and 14 face-to-face interviews, this study considers the ways in which understandings and performances of masculinities may inform the sexual risk-taking behaviours of Western male sex tourists...
July 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679360/transplant-tourism-among-kidney-transplant-patients-in-eastern-nigeria
#10
U H Okafor
BACKGROUND: Transplant tourism entails movement of recipient, donor or both to a transplant centre outside their country of residence. This has been reported in many countries; and has variously been associated with organ trade. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency and pattern of transplant tourism among transplant patients in Eastern Nigeria. METHODS: This is a non randomized cross sectional study. All kidney transplant patients who presented at Enugu State University Teaching Hospital Parklane Enugu and Hilton Clinics Port Harcourt in Nigeria were recruited...
July 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666593/an-ecotoxicological-approach-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-tourism-impacts-in-the-marine-protected-area-of-la-maddalena-sardinia-italy
#11
V Moschino, M Schintu, A Marrucci, B Marras, N Nesto, L Da Ros
In the Marine Protected Area of La Maddalena Archipelago, environmental protection rules and safeguard measures for nautical activities have helped in reducing anthropogenic pressure; however, tourism related activities remain particularly significant in summer. With the aim of evaluating their impacts, the biomarker approach using transplanted Mytilus galloprovincialis as sentinel organisms coupled with POCIS deployment was applied. Mussels, translocated to four marine areas differently impacted by tourism activities, were sampled before, during and after the tourist season...
June 27, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654593/population-health-implications-of-medical-tourism
#12
Kian Adabi, Carrie S Stern, Katie E Weichman, Evan S Garfein, Aravind Pothula, Lawrence Draper, Oren M Tepper
BACKGROUND: Fifteen million U.S. patients each year seek medical care abroad; however, there are no data on outcomes and follow-up of these procedures. This study aims to identify, evaluate, and survey patients presenting with complications from aesthetic procedures abroad and estimate their cost to the U.S. health care system. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review was conducted. A cohort of patients presenting with complications from aesthetic procedures performed abroad was generated...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653582/waste-management-outlook-for-mountain-regions-sources-and-solutions
#13
Larisa Semernya, Aditi Ramola, Björn Alfthan, Claudia Giacovelli
Following the release of the global waste management outlook in 2015, the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), through its International Environmental Technology Centre, is elaborating a series of region-specific and thematic waste management outlooks that provide policy recommendations and solutions based on current practices in developing and developed countries. The Waste Management Outlook for Mountain Regions is the first report in this series. Mountain regions present unique challenges to waste management; while remoteness is often associated with costly and difficult transport of waste, the potential impact of waste pollutants is higher owing to the steep terrain and rivers transporting waste downstream...
June 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652942/time-to-cash-in-on-positive-interactions-for-coral-restoration
#14
Elizabeth C Shaver, Brian R Silliman
Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse and productive ecosystems on Earth, and provide critical ecosystem services such as protein provisioning, coastal protection, and tourism revenue. Despite these benefits, coral reefs have been declining precipitously across the globe due to human impacts and climate change. Recent efforts to combat these declines are increasingly turning to restoration to help reseed corals and speed-up recovery processes. Coastal restoration theory and practice has historically favored transplanting designs that reduce potentially harmful negative species interactions, such as competition between transplants...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649624/spaceflight-induced-neuroplasticity-in-humans-as-measured-by-mri-what-do-we-know-so-far
#15
Angelique Van Ombergen, Steven Laureys, Stefan Sunaert, Elena Tomilovskaya, Paul M Parizel, Floris L Wuyts
Space travel poses an enormous challenge on the human body; microgravity, ionizing radiation, absence of circadian rhythm, confinement and isolation are just some of the features associated with it. Obviously, all of the latter can have an impact on human physiology and even induce detrimental changes. Some organ systems have been studied thoroughly under space conditions, however, not much is known on the functional and morphological effects of spaceflight on the human central nervous system. Previous studies have already shown that central nervous system changes occur during and after spaceflight in the form of neurovestibular problems, alterations in cognitive function and sensory perception, cephalic fluid shifts and psychological disturbances...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648789/detection-of-west-nile-virus-and-other-common-equine-viruses-in-three-locations-from-the-leeward-islands-west-indies
#16
Pompei Bolfa, Isaac Jeon, Amanda Loftis, Teresa Leslie, Silvia Marchi, Fortune Sithole, Cecile Beck, Sylvie Lecollinet, Stephan Zientara, Aymeric Hans, Charles J Issel
Equines in the West Indies are used for recreational purposes, tourism industry, racing and agriculture or can be found in feral populations. Little is known in the Caribbean basin about the prevalence of some major equine infectious diseases, some with zoonotic potential, listed as reportable by the OIE. Our objective was to study the prevalence of antibodies for West Nile Virus (WNV), Equine Herpes Virus-1 and 4 (EHV-1 and EHV-4), Equine Influenza (EI), Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA) and Equine Infectious Anemia Virus (EIAV) using a retrospective serological convenience study...
June 22, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647761/tourism-climatology-past-and-present-a-review-of-the-role-of-the-isb-commission-on-climate-tourism-and-recreation
#17
C R de Freitas
The Executive Board of the International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) founded the Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation (CCTR) at the 15th International Congress of Biometeorology in Sydney, Australia in 1999. The aims of the CCTR are to bring together researchers from around the world to critically review the current state of knowledge in tourism and recreation climatology and explore possibilities for future research. Almost two decades on, research in tourism climatology has developed and expanded due in large part to the initiatives and activities of the CCTR and several collaborative research projects run under the auspices of the CCTR...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645947/role-structure-and-effects-of-medical-tourism-in-africa-a-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#18
John Jo Mogaka, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni, Lucia M Mupara, Tivani Mashamba-Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Some patients travel out of, while others come into Africa for medical care through a growing global phenomenon referred to as medical tourism (MT): the travel in search of medical care that is either unavailable, unaffordable or proscribed at home healthcare systems. While some castigate MT as promoting healthcare inequity, others endorse it as a revenue generator, promising local healthcare system strengthening. Currently, however, the understanding of this component of healthcare in Africa is inadequate...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644893/high-speed-rail-and-coastal-tourism-identifying-passenger-profiles-and-travel-behaviour
#19
Aaron Gutiérrez, Armando Ortuño
In this paper, we characterise tourists most likely to visit a coastal destination by high-speed rail (HSR). Our data came from a survey conducted among HSR passengers during 2014's high season (July and August) at Spain's Camp de Tarragona and Alicante Stations, each of which is near a mass tourism destination on the Mediterranean coast: the Costa Daurada and the Costa Blanca, respectively. We used responses to the survey, which presented binary discrete-choice situations, to construct a database necessary for a logistic regression model that allowed us to examine how passenger profile, trip characteristics, and stay conditions influenced the use of HSR services on visits to each coastal destination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644279/the-growing-trend-of-medical-tourism
#20
Roxanne Nelson
What nurses need to know about the risks and benefits for patients.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
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