keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ignorance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229561/children-s-selective-trust-decisions-rational-competence-and-limiting-performance-factors
#1
Jonas Hermes, Tanya Behne, Anna Elisa Bich, Christa Thielert, Hannes Rakoczy
Recent research has amply documented that even preschoolers learn selectively from others, preferring, for example, reliable over unreliable and competent over incompetent models. It remains unclear, however, what the cognitive foundations of such selective learning are, in particular, whether it builds on rational inferences or on less sophisticated processes. The current study, therefore, was designed to test directly the possibility that children are in principle capable of selective learning based on rational inference, yet revert to simpler strategies such as global impression formation under certain circumstances...
February 22, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228738/reduced-cortisol-output-during-public-speaking-stress-in-ostracized-women
#2
Ulrike Weik, Jennifer Ruhweza, Renate Deinzer
Ostracism (being excluded or ignored) is experienced as unpleasant and distressing. In previous studies, an immediate pre-stress experience of ostracism induced by Cyberball, a virtual ball-tossing game, was found to inhibit cortisol reactivity to public speaking stress in female students. The present study examines whether the effect will persist when a 15-min time gap between the Cyberball experience and subsequent psychological stress is introduced. N = 84 women were randomly assigned to Cyberball ostracism vs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228477/pain-objectivity-and-history-understanding-pain-stigma
#3
Daniel S Goldberg
The primary claim of this paper is that understanding the stigma so commonly endured by chronic pain sufferers today in the USA and the UK is unlikely without proper appreciation of the history of pain. Ameliorating such stigma is an ethical imperative, and yet most approaches eschew even an attempt to trace connections between historical attitudes, practices and beliefs towards pain and the stigmatisation so many pain sufferers currently endure. The manuscript aims to help fill this gap by framing pain in the modern era in context of two crucial intellectual schemes that waxed in the 19th and 20th centuries: mechanical objectivity and somaticism...
February 21, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228065/a-linguistic-analysis-of-suicide-related-twitter-posts
#4
Bridianne O'Dea, Mark E Larsen, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Identifying those at risk and delivering timely interventions is challenging. Social media site Twitter is used to express suicidality. Automated linguistic analysis of suicide-related posts may help to differentiate those who require support or intervention from those who do not. AIMS: This study aims to characterize the linguistic profiles of suicide-related Twitter posts. METHOD: Using a dataset of suicide-related Twitter posts previously coded for suicide risk by experts, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) and regression analyses were conducted to determine differences in linguistic profiles...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227932/influence-of-embedding-dimension-on-distribution-entropy-in-analyzing-heart-rate-variability
#5
Radhagayathri K Udhayakumar, Chandan Karmakar, Peng Li, Marimuthu Palaniswami, Radhagayathri K Udhayakumar, Chandan Karmakar, Peng Li, Marimuthu Palaniswami, Marimuthu Palaniswami, Radhagayathri K Udhayakumar, Peng Li, Chandan Karmakar
Distribution entropy (DistEn) is a recent measure of complexity that is used to analyze Heart Rate Variability (HRV) data. DistEn which is a function of data length N, number of bins M and embedding dimension m is known to be stable and consistent with respect to parameters N and M respectively. Also, (N, M) are known to have a combined effect in deciding performance of DistEn as a classification feature. But, all such analysis have mostly ignored the influence of the third parameter m on DistEn properties...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226557/in-vitro-examination-of-the-pressure-effect-on-clot-dissolution-with-thrombolytic-patch
#6
Zhen Qin, Chi Hang Chon, John C K Kwok, David C C Lam, Zhen Qin, Chi Hang Chon, John C K Kwok, David C C Lam, Chi Hang Chon, David Cc Lam, Zhen Qin, John Ck Kwok
Bio-kinetic thrombus dissolution model has been developed to describe the thrombus dissolution behavior during endoluminal thrombolytic patch treatment to recanalize blocked vessel in ischemic strokes. The initial model ignored the effect of pulsatile pressure in the lumen. However, pulsatile pressure in the lumen may affect molecule diffusion and bio-chemical reaction rate and accelerate clot dissolution. The effect of pressure on the dissolution rate was examined in this study. The dissolution behaviors of 100-400 μm thick blood clot specimens subject to diastolic, systolic, and pulsatile pressure were characterized using Raman spectroscopy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225735/evaluating-the-precision-of-auditory-sensory-memory-as-an-index-of-intrusion-in-tinnitus
#7
Doug J K Barrett, Michael Pilling
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of measures of auditory short-term memory (ASTM) to provide a clinical measure of intrusion in tinnitus. DESIGN: Response functions for six normal listeners on a delayed pitch discrimination task were contrasted in three conditions designed to manipulate attention in the presence and absence of simulated tinnitus: (1) no-tinnitus, (2) ignore-tinnitus, and (3) attend-tinnitus. RESULTS: Delayed pitch discrimination functions were more variable in the presence of simulated tinnitus when listeners were asked to divide attention between the primary task and the amplitude of the tinnitus tone...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225334/the-tuberculosis-taboo
#8
L B Reichman
The treatment of latent tuberculous infection (TBI) is a productive and meaningful approach to tuberculosis (TB) control, and an important component of the World Health Organization's (WHO's) new End TB Strategy, especially in high-risk contacts. Unfortunately, although recognized and recommended by the WHO, it continues to be underutilized, and has even been ignored for decades in some high-risk groups, as though it were a taboo. Historical approaches to treating TBI in contacts of drug-susceptible and drug-resistant TB are presented and discussed as compelling experiences...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224957/-medicines-and-elderly-patients-abuse-dependency-or-attraction
#9
Pascal Menecier, Laure Menecier-Ossia
Psychotropic medicines represent, after alcohol, the second class of substances most susceptible to abuse by elderly people. It can be particularly difficult for caregivers to understand such behaviour as these are prescription-only medicines. This misuse is partly a result of older people tending to trivialise and overrate pharmaceutical drugs, ignoring the potential of non-medicinal methods and psychotherapeutic treatments. The boundaries between prescribed use, overuse, self-medication, excessive use, dependency or addiction to prescription drugs are blurred in older people...
January 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224687/children-remember-words-from-ignorant-speakers-but-do-not-attach-meaning-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#10
Haykaz Mangardich, Mark A Sabbagh
Although we know much about the conditions under which children demonstrate selective social learning, we have a limited understanding of the cognitive mechanisms by which children's selectivity manifests. Here, we report findings from a brain electrophysiological (ERP) study designed to determine the extent to which words presented by ignorant speakers were later both familiar to children and associated with semantic meaning. Forty-eight children (mean age = 6.5 years) first experienced novel word training from either a knowledgeable or an ignorant speaker...
February 21, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224068/arthroscopic-remplissage-and-open-latarjet-procedure-for-the-treatment-of-anterior-glenohumeral-instability-with-severe-bipolar-bone-loss
#11
J Christoph Katthagen, Jack Anavian, Dimitri S Tahal, Peter J Millett
Bipolar bone loss in patients with anterior glenohumeral instability is challenging to treat. The goal of the treatment is to restore stability by ensuring that the humeral head remains within the glenoid vault. This can be achieved either with the combination of an arthroscopic Bankart procedure and remplissage (glenoid bone loss <25%), or with a Latarjet procedure (glenoid bone loss >25%). In cases with more severe bipolar bone loss of both the glenoid and the humeral head, the conventional approach has been to lengthen the articular arc of the glenoid and to ignore the Hill-Sachs lesion...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223462/fallacy-of-the-unique-genome-sequence-diversity-within-single-helicobacter-pylori-strains
#12
Jenny L Draper, Lori M Hansen, David L Bernick, Samar Abedrabbo, Jason G Underwood, Nguyet Kong, Bihua C Huang, Allison M Weis, Bart C Weimer, Arnoud H M van Vliet, Nader Pourmand, Jay V Solnick, Kevin Karplus, Karen M Ottemann
Many bacterial genomes are highly variable but nonetheless are typically published as a single assembled genome. Experiments tracking bacterial genome evolution have not looked at the variation present at a given point in time. Here, we analyzed the mouse-passaged Helicobacter pylori strain SS1 and its parent PMSS1 to assess intra- and intergenomic variability. Using high sequence coverage depth and experimental validation, we detected extensive genome plasticity within these H. pylori isolates, including movement of the transposable element IS607, large and small inversions, multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms, and variation in cagA copy number...
February 21, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222720/birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome-a-literature-review-and-case-study-of-a-chinese-woman-presenting-a-novel-flcn-mutation
#13
Shengyu Hao, Fei Long, Fenglan Sun, Teng Liu, Daowei Li, Shujuan Jiang
BACKGROUND: The Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a very rare autosomal dominant form of genodermatosis caused by germline mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) gene, which is mapped to the p11.2 region in chromosome 17. BHD commonly presents cutaneous fibrofolliculomas, pulmonary cysts, renal cell carcinoma, and recurrent pneumothoraxes. The disease is easily ignored or misdiagnosed as pneumothorax, pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM), or emphysema. Follow-up and guidelines for managing recurrent pneumothoraxes in these patients are lacking...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221900/mental-health-disorders-associated-with-foodborne-pathogens
#14
Declan J Bolton, Lucy J Robertson
Human infections with foodborne pathogenic organisms are relatively well described in terms of their overt physical symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, fever, and associated sequelae. Indeed, some of these are key for diagnosis and treatment, although it should be noted that, for some foodborne pathogens, the physical symptoms might be more diffuse, particularly those associated with some of the foodborne parasites. In contrast, the impact of these pathogens on mental health is less well described, and symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and general malaise are usually ignored when foodborne infections are recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221086/cassandra-s-regret-the-psychology-of-not-wanting-to-know
#15
Gerd Gigerenzer, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Ignorance is generally pictured as an unwanted state of mind, and the act of willful ignorance may raise eyebrows. Yet people do not always want to know, demonstrating a lack of curiosity at odds with theories postulating a general need for certainty, ambiguity aversion, or the Bayesian principle of total evidence. We propose a regret theory of deliberate ignorance that covers both negative feelings that may arise from foreknowledge of negative events, such as death and divorce, and positive feelings of surprise and suspense that may arise from foreknowledge of positive events, such as knowing the sex of an unborn child...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220793/modulated-self-reversed-magnetic-hysteresis-in-iron-oxides
#16
Ji Ma, Kezheng Chen
The steadfast rule of a ferromagnetic hysteresis loop claims its saturation positioned within the first and third quadrants, whereas its saturation positioned in the second and fourth quadrants (named as self-reversed magnetic hysteresis) is usually taken as an experimental artifact and is always intentionally ignored. In this report, a new insight in this unique hysteresis phenomenon and its modulation were discussed in depth. Different iron oxides (magnetite, maghemite and hematite) with varying dimensions were soaked in FeCl3 aqueous solution and absorbed Fe(3+) cations due to their negative enough surface zeta potentials...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220677/toward-a-sociology-of-oceans
#17
John Hannigan
Despite covering around 70 percent of the earth's surface, the ocean has long been ignored by sociology or treated as merely an extension of land-based systems. Increasingly, however, oceans are assuming a higher profile, emerging both as a new resource frontier, a medium for geopolitical rivalry and conflict, and a unique and threatened ecological hot spot. In this article, I propose a new sociological specialty area, the "sociology of oceans" to be situated at the interface between environmental sociology and traditional maritime studies...
February 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220312/preventing-hiv-and-hepatitis-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-leveraging-an-indiana-outbreak-response-to-break-the-impasse
#18
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey S Crowley, Gregorio A Millett
Providing clean needles through syringe services programs (SSPs) prevents the spread of disease among people who inject drugs (PWID). The recent HIV outbreak in Scott County, Indiana was a wakeup call with particular significance because modeling suggests that Scott County is but one of many counties in the United States highly vulnerable to an HIV outbreak among PWID. It is a painful recognition that some policy makers ignored the evidence in support of SSPs when it was primarily blacks in inner cities that were affected, yet swung into action in the wake of Scott County where 99% of the cases were white...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219425/factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-in-nepal-using-multiple-imputation
#19
Usha Singh, Attachai Ueranantasun, Metta Kuning
BACKGROUND: Survey data from low income countries on birth weight usually pose a persistent problem. The studies conducted on birth weight have acknowledged missing data on birth weight, but they are not included in the analysis. Furthermore, other missing data presented on determinants of birth weight are not addressed. Thus, this study tries to identify determinants that are associated with low birth weight (LBW) using multiple imputation to handle missing data on birth weight and its determinants...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219326/estimation-of-treatment-preference-effects-in-clinical-trials-when-some-participants-are-indifferent-to-treatment-choice
#20
Stephen D Walter, Robin M Turner, Petra Macaskill, Kirsten J McCaffery, Les Irwig
BACKGROUND: In the two-stage randomised trial design, a randomly sampled subset of study participants are permitted to choose their own treatment, while the remaining participants are randomised to treatment in the usual way. Appropriate analysis of the data from both arms of the study allows investigators to estimate the impact on study outcomes of treatment preferences that patients may have, in addition to evaluating the usual direct effect of treatment. In earlier work, we showed how to optimise this design by making a suitable choice of the proportion of participants who should be assigned to the choice arm of the trial...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
keyword
keyword
76616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"