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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922423/proprioception-in-patients-with-posterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-a-meta-analysis-comparison-of-reconstructed-and-contralateral-normal-knees
#1
Jung-Ro Yoon, Dae-Hee Lee, Seung-Nam Ko, Young-Soo Shin
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction for patients with PCL insufficiency has been associated with postoperative improvements in proprioceptive function due to mechanoreceptor regeneration. However, it is unclear whether reconstructed PCL or contralateral normal knees have better proprioceptive function outcomes. This meta-analysis was designed to compare the proprioceptive function of reconstructed PCL or contralateral normal knees in patients with PCL insufficiency. All studies that compared proprioceptive function, as assessed with threshold to detect passive movement (TTDPM) or joint position sense (JPS) in PCL reconstructed or contralateral normal knees were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919518/depressed-serum-igm-levels-in-sle-are-restricted-to-defined-subgroups
#2
Caroline Grönwall, Uta Hardt, Johanna T Gustafsson, Kerstin Elvin, Kerstin Jensen-Urstad, Marika Kvarnström, Giorgia Grosso, Johan Rönnelid, Leonid Padykov, Iva Gunnarsson, Gregg J Silverman, Elisabet Svenungsson
Natural IgM autoantibodies have been proposed to convey protection from autoimmune pathogenesis. Herein, we investigated the IgM responses in 396 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, divided into subgroups based on distinct autoantibody profiles. Depressed IgM levels were more common in SLE than in matched population controls. Strikingly, an autoreactivity profile defined by IgG anti-Ro/La was associated with reduced levels of specific natural IgM anti-phosphorylcholine (PC) antigens and anti-malondialdehyde (MDA) modified-protein, as well total IgM, while no differences were detected in SLE patients with an autoreactivity profile defined by anti-cardiolipin/β2glycoprotein-I...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917818/assessment-of-shipping-emissions-on-four-ports-of-portugal
#3
R A O Nunes, M C M Alvim-Ferraz, F G Martins, S I V Sousa
In the last few years, ship emissions have attracted growing attention in the scientific community. The main reason is the constant increase of marine emissions over the last twenty years due to the intensification of port traffic. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate ship emissions (PM10, PM2.5, NOx, SO2, CO, CO2, N2O CH4, NMVOC, and HC) through the activity-based methodology in four of the main ports of Portugal (Leixões, Setúbal, Sines and Viana do Castelo) during 2013 and 2014. The analysis was performed according to ship types (bulk carrier, container, general cargo, passenger, Ro-Ro cargo, tanker and others) and operational modes (manoeuvring, hotelling and during cruising)...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916627/interactions-between-medial-prefrontal-cortex-and-dorsomedial-striatum-are-necessary-for-odor-span-capacity-in-rats-role-of-glun2b-containing-nmda-receptors
#4
Don A Davies, Quentin Greba, Jantz C Selk, Jillian K Catton, Landon D Baillie, Sean J Mulligan, John G Howland
Working memory is involved in the maintenance and manipulation of information essential for complex cognition. While the neural substrates underlying working memory capacity have been studied in humans, considerably less is known about the circuitry mediating working memory capacity in rodents. Therefore, the present experiments tested the involvement of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and dorsal striatum (STR) in the odor span task (OST), a task proposed to assay working memory capacity in rodents. Initially, Long Evans rats were trained to dig in scented sand for food following a serial delayed nonmatching-to-sample rule...
October 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914756/an-anti-electromagnetic-attack-puf-based-on-a-configurable-ring-oscillator-for-wireless-sensor-networks
#5
Zhaojun Lu, Dongfang Li, Hailong Liu, Mingyang Gong, Zhenglin Liu
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are an emerging technology employed in some crucial applications. However, limited resources and physical exposure to attackers make security a challenging issue for a WSN. Ring oscillator-based physical unclonable function (RO PUF) is a potential option to protect the security of sensor nodes because it is able to generate random responses efficiently for a key extraction mechanism, which prevents the non-volatile memory from storing secret keys. In order to deploy RO PUF in a WSN, hardware efficiency, randomness, uniqueness, and reliability should be taken into account...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911952/trends-in-food-insecurity-among-california-residents-from-2001-to-2011-inequities-at-the-intersection-of-immigration-status-and-ethnicity
#6
Katrina M Walsemann, Annie Ro, Gilbert C Gee
Although immigrants are healthier than non-immigrants on numerous outcomes, the reverse appears to be true with regards to food insecurity. Most studies ignore heterogeneity in the risk for food insecurity within immigration status and by ethnicity, even though significant variation likely exists. We consider how immigration status and ethnicity are related to trends in food insecurity among Latinos and Asians in California from 2001 through 2011. Data come from the 2001 to 2011 restricted California Health Interview Survey (n=245,679)...
September 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910582/model-based-performance-and-energy-analyses-of-reverse-osmosis-to-reuse-wastewater-in-a-pvc-production-site
#7
Kang Hu, Thorsten Fiedler, Laura Blanco, Sven-Uwe Geissen, Simon Zander, David Prieto, Angeles Blanco, Carlos Negro, Nathalie Swinnen
A pilot-scale reverse osmosis (RO) followed behind a membrane bioreactor (MBR) was developed for the desalination to reuse wastewater in a PVC production site. The solution-diffusion-film model (SDFM) based on the solution-diffusion model (SDM) and the film theory was proposed to describe rejections of electrolyte mixtures in the MBR effluent which consists of dominant ions (Na(+) and Cl(-)) and several trace ions (Ca(2+), Mg(2+), K(+) and SO4(2-)). The universal global optimisation method was used to estimate the ion permeability coefficients (B) and mass transfer coefficients (K) in SDFM...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906049/alitretinoin-treatment-of-lichen-amyloidosis
#8
Won Seon Koh, Eui Hyun Oh, Jeong Eun Kim, Young Suck Ro
Lichen amyloidosis (LA) is characterized by the deposition of amyloid that may respond to chronic scratching that may be secondary to atopic dermatitis, stasis dermatitis, or interface dermatitis. Despite the development of several therapeutic strategies, including topical steroids, oral antihistamines, cyclosporine, and retinoids, an effective treatment for LA has not been established. A 49-year-old woman who has been treated irregularly for atopic dermatitis for 7 years presented with localized brownish papules on the left forearm and right elbow...
September 14, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904760/maintaining-genetic-integrity-of-coexisting-wild-and-domestic-populations-genetic-differentiation-between-wild-and-domestic-rangifer-with-long-traditions-of-intentional-interbreeding
#9
David G Anderson, Kjersti S Kvie, Vladimir N Davydov, Knut H Røed
This study investigates the genetic effect of an indigenous tradition of deliberate and controlled interbreeding between wild and domestic Rangifer. The results are interpreted in the context of conservation concerns and debates on the origin of domestic animals. The study is located in Northeastern Zabaĭkal'e, Russia at approximately 57 degrees North latitude. Blood and skin samples, collected from wild and domestic Rangifer, are analyzed for their mtDNA and microsatellite signatures. Local husbandry traditions are documented ethnographically...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903333/effect-of-pkc-inhibitor-on-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis-in-lewis-rats
#10
Chunlian Zhong, Yang Wu, He Chang, Chunxiao Liu, Li Zhou, Jun Zou, Zhi Qi
Myocarditis is a major cause of sudden, unexpected death in young people. However, it is still one of the most challenging diseases to treat in cardiology. In the present study, we showed that both expression level and activity of PKC-α were up-regulated in the rat heart of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). Intraperitoneal administration of PKC inhibitor (Ro-32-0432) at the end of the most severe inflammation period of EAM still significantly reduced the EAM induced expression of failure biomarkers...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895410/chromatographic-analyses-of-lavandula-angustifolia-and-rosmarinus-officinalis-extracts-and-their-biological-effects-in-mammalian-cells-and-cell-free-systems
#11
E Horvathova, K Kozics, M Melusova, E Galova, A Sevcovicova, B Kusznierewicz, T Chmiel, D Slamenova
Knowledge of biological properties of natural compounds allows to understand their therapeutic value, efficacy and security. We investigated: composition of Lavandula angustifolia (LA) and Rosmarinus officinalis (RO) extracts, their antioxidant capacity, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity, their DNA-protective potential against DNA damage induced in hamster V79 cells by several genotoxins or in plasmid DNA by Fe2+ ions and activity of antioxidant enzymes in cells treated with these extracts. Higher cytotoxicity, observed at higher concentrations of extracts, was accompanied by the increased level of single-strand (ss) DNA breaks as well as formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (Fpg) sensitive sites...
September 12, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890078/choroidal-thinning-associated-with-hydroxychloroquine-retinopathy
#12
Seong Joon Ahn, So Jung Ryu, Joo Young Joung, Byung Ro Lee
PURPOSE: To investigate choroidal thickness in patients using hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and compare choroidal thickness between eyes with and without HCQ retinopathy. DESIGN: Retrospective case series METHODS: Setting: Institutional Patients: We included 124 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis who were treated with HCQ. The patients were divided into an HCQ retinopathy group and a control group, according to the presence or absence of HCQ retinopathy...
September 7, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890022/lymphoproliferative-responses-to-dendritic-cell-presentation-of-sensitizing-allergens-in-atopic-children-with-multiple-allergies
#13
Tim H Scott-Taylor, Stefan-Claudiu Axinia, Stephan Strobel
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) proliferate inconsistently, rendering current lymphoproliferation assays unreliable in diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility and nature of proliferation responses in allergy by comparison of the standard lymphoproliferation with a new dendritic cell (DC) stimulated assay. METHODS: Monocyte-derived DCs were pulsed with allergens and incubated with autologous T cells for 7 days...
September 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888805/hydrothermal-carbonization-of-food-waste-for-nutrient-recovery-and-reuse
#14
Ifeolu Idowu, Liang Li, Joseph R V Flora, Perry J Pellechia, Samuel A Darko, Kyoung S Ro, Nicole D Berge
Food waste represents a rather large and currently underutilized source of potentially available and reusable nutrients. Laboratory-scale experiments evaluating the hydrothermal carbonization of food wastes collected from restaurants were conducted to understand how changes in feedstock composition and carbonization process conditions influence primary and secondary nutrient fate. Results from this work indicate that at all evaluated reaction times and temperatures, the majority of nitrogen, calcium, and magnesium remain integrated within the solid-phase, while the majority of potassium and sodium reside in the liquid-phase...
September 6, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888739/impingement-between-medial-plica-against-femoral-condyle-osteophyte-after-high-tibial-osteotomy
#15
Jae-Hyuk Yang, Jung-Ro Yoon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886637/ro-vibronic-transition-intensities-for-triatomic-molecules-from-the-exact-kinetic-energy-operator-electronic-spectrum-for-the-c%C3%AC-%C3%A2-1-b2%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-x%C3%AC-%C3%A2-1-a1-transition-in-so2
#16
Emil J Zak, Jonathan Tennyson
A procedure for calculating ro-vibronic transition intensities for triatomic molecules within the Born-Oppenheimer approximation is reported. Ro-vibrational energy levels and wavefunctions are obtained with the DVR3D suite, which solves the nuclear motion problem with an exact kinetic energy operator. Absolute transition intensities are calculated both with the Franck-Condon approximation and with a full transition dipole moment surface. The theoretical scheme is tested on C̃ (1)B2 ← X̃ (1)A1 ro-vibronic transitions of SO2...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886636/communication-molecular-near-infrared-transitions-determined-with-sub-khz-accuracy
#17
Jin Wang, Yu R Sun, Lei-Gang Tao, An-Wen Liu, Shui-Ming Hu
Precise molecular transition frequencies are needed in various studies including the test of fundamental physics. Two well isolated ro-vibrational transitions of (12)C(16)O at 1.57 μm, R(9) and R(10) in the second overtone band, were measured by a comb-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer. Despite the weakness of the lines (Einstein coefficient A≃0.008 s(-1)), Lamb-dip spectra were recorded with a signal-to-noise ratio over 1000, and the line positions were determined to be 191 360 212 761.1 and 191 440 612 662...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882124/phenotypic-expressions-of-hereditary-transthyretin-ala97ser-related-amyloidosis-attr-in-taiwanese
#18
Hui-Ching Hsu, Ming-Feng Liao, Jung-Lung Hsu, Ai-Lun Lo, Hung-Chou Kuo, Rong-Kuo Lyu, Victor Chien-Chia Wu, Chih-Wei Wang, Long-Sun Ro
BACKGROUND: The disease course and early signs specific to ATTR Ala97Ser, the most common endemic mutation in Taiwan, have not been well described. Since new medications can slow down the rate of disease progression, the early diagnosis of this heterogeneous and fatal disease becomes critical. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the characteristics of genetically confirmed ATTR Ala97Ser patients at a tertiary referral medical center. RESULTS: Eight patients from 7 different families were enrolled (61...
September 7, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881231/follicles-and-gonadotropins-during-waves-2-and-3-in-three-wave-interovulatory-intervals-in-bos-taurus-heifers
#19
O J Ginther, M A R Siddiqui, E R Araujo, S V Dangudubiyyam
Observations were made on follicle dynamics and gonadotropin concentrations in anovulatory wave 2 and ovulatory wave 3 in three-wave interovulatory intervals (n = 15). Hypotheses were not used owing to inadequate availability of rationale. The future dominant follicles for waves 2 and 3 were designated DF2 and DF3 and the largest future subordinate follicles as SF2 and SF3, respectively. The day of expected diameter deviation (day 0) was defined as the day that DF2 or DF3 was closest to 8.5 mm. The first day that DF2 became smaller (P < 0...
August 30, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880748/influence-of-b-complex-vitamins-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-ginsenosides-rg1-rb1-and-ro-after-oral-administration
#20
Peihe Zheng, Yinbin Chen, Yangyang Fu, Hecheng Wang, Jia Wang, Siwen Zheng, Shengyuan Xiao, Yingping Wang
After cultivation of ginseng, ginsenosides, which are the major active ingredients of gingeng, were approved for use by the food industry, and began to be used as added functional ingredients to try to improve the quality and price of functional foods. However, the interaction between different types of ginsenosides and nutrients needs further study. We investigated the effect of B-complex vitamins (which are essential nutrients) on the pharmacokinetics of the ginsenosides protopanaxatriol-type saponin Rg1, protopanaxadiol-type saponin Rb1, and oleanolic acid-type saponin Ro after oral administration...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
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