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TGF beta BT474

Guofeng Zhang, Qicheng Zhao, Songlin Yu, Rui Lin, Xianghua Yi
Increased expression of Pituitary Tumor Transforming Gene 1 (Pttg1) has been shown in various tumor cells, including breast cancer (BC). However, the precise role of Pttg1 in the tumorigenesis is not clarified yet. Here, we examined BC from the patients and detected significant increases and correlation in Pttg1 and phosphorylated SMAD3 (pSMAD3), a key effector of activated transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) receptor signaling pathway. Pttg1 levels were then modulated by transgene or small hairpin RNA (shRNA) in a human BC cell line, BT474, respectively...
January 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Trevor A Petrel, Robert W Brueggemeier
Normal mammary epithelial cells are rapidly induced to G(1) arrest by the widely expressed cytokine, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta1). Studies in established breast cancer cell lines that express the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) have demonstrated loss of this responsiveness. This inverse correlation suggests interpathway signaling important to cell growth and regulation. The adenocarcinoma breast cell line BT474, which was not growth arrested by TGF-beta1, was used as a model of estrogen-inducible growth to explore interpathway crosstalk...
January 1, 2003: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
M A Lynch, T A Petrel, H Song, T J Knobloch, B C Casto, D Ramljak, L M Anderson, V DeGroff, G D Stoner, R W Brueggemeier, C M Weghorst
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a potent inhibitor of growth and proliferation of breast epithelial cells, and loss of sensitivity to its effects has been associated with malignant transformation and tumorigenesis. The biological effects of TGF-beta are mediated by the TGF-beta receptor complex, a multimer composed of TGF-beta receptor type I (TbetaR-I) and TGF-beta receptor type II (TbetaR-II) subunits. Evidence suggests that loss of expression of Tbeta3R-II is implicated in the loss of sensitivity of tumorigenic breast cell lines to TGF-beta-mediated growth inhibition...
2001: Gene Expression
D Donovan, J H Harmey, D Toomey, D H Osborne, H P Redmond, D J Bouchier-Hayes
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the most potent angiogenic factor identified to date. TGF beta-1 acts as an indirect angiogenic agent. METHODS: VEGF and TGF beta-1 were measured in the serum of breast cancer patients and age-matched controls and in tumor tissue of cancer patients by ELISA. VEGF protein and mRNA expression by breast tumor cell lines were examined, and the effect of TGF beta-1 on VEGF production in these cells was assessed...
December 1997: Annals of Surgical Oncology
C G Delvenne, R A Winkler-Gol, M J Piccart, J Hustin, D Michaux, G Leclercq, J M Nogaret, P Autier
The presence of c-erbB2, TGF-beta 1 and pS2 mRNAs was examined in primary breast tumours. The c-erbB2 mRNA was overexpressed in 34% of the tumours. There was a positive, statistically significant correlation between c-erbB2 gene overexpression and nodal status. TGF-beta 1 mRNA was detected in 84% of the tumours, regardless of their clinical status. When possible, the c-erbB2 and TGF-beta 1 proteins were identified immunohistochemically on frozen sections from the same tumours. For TGF-beta 1, the mRNA and immunohistochemical results were divergent in 6 cases, 5 of which did contain clearly detectable mRNA but did not stain with the antibody...
1992: European Journal of Cancer
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