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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901475/spermidine-spermine-n1-acetyltransferase-regulates-cell-growth-and-metastasis-via-akt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathways-in-hepatocellular-and-colorectal-carcinoma-cells
#1
Cong Wang, Ping Ruan, Ying Zhao, Xiaomin Li, Jun Wang, Xiaoxiao Wu, Tong Liu, Shasha Wang, Jiuzhou Hou, Wei Li, Qian Li, Jinghua Li, Fujun Dai, Dong Fang, Chaojie Wang, Songqiang Xie
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) are among the most common cancers across the world. Therefore, identifying the potential molecular mechanisms that promote HCC and CRC progression and metastasis are urgently needed. Spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase (SSAT) is a catabolic enzyme that acetylates the high-order polyamines spermine and spermidine, thus decreasing the cellular content of polyamines. Several publications have suggested that depletion of intracellular polyamines inhibited tumor progression and metastasis in various cancer cells...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901061/inter-individual-variability-and-modeling-of-electrical-activity-a-possible-new-approach-to-explore-cardiac-safety
#2
Jean-Yves Le Guennec, Jérôme Thireau, Aude Ouillé, Julien Roussel, Jérôme Roy, Serge Richard, Sylvain Richard, Eric Martel, Pascal Champéroux
Safety pharmacology aims to predict rare side effects of new drugs. We explored whether rare pro-arrhythmic effects could be linked to the variability of the effects of these drugs on ion currents and whether taking into consideration this variability in computational models could help to better detect and predict cardiac side effects. For this purpose, we evaluated how intra- and inter-individual variability influences the effect of hERG inhibition on both the action potential duration and the occurrence of arrhythmias...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885170/elucidation-of-the-polyamine-biosynthesis-pathway-during-brazilian-pine-araucaria-angustifolia-seed-development
#3
Leandro F de Oliveira, Paula Elbl, Bruno V Navarro, Amanda F Macedo, André L W Dos Santos, Eny I S Floh
Polyamines (PAs), such as spermidine and spermine, as well as amino acids that are substrates for their biosynthesis, are known to be essential for plant development. However, little is known about the gene expression and metabolic switches associated with the ornithine/arginine and PA biosynthetic pathway during seed development in conifers. To understand these metabolic switches, the enzyme activity of arginine decarboxylase and ornithine decarboxylase, as well as the contents of PAs and amino acids were evaluated in three Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol...
November 23, 2016: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880824/anti-invasive-and-anti-proliferative-synergism-between-docetaxel-and-a-polynuclear-pd-spermine-agent
#4
Ana L M Batista de Carvalho, Paula S C Medeiros, Francisco M Costa, Vanessa P Ribeiro, Joana B Sousa, Carmen Diniz, Maria P M Marques
The present work is aimed at evaluating the antitumour properties of a Pd(II) dinuclear complex with the biogenic polyamine spermine, by investigating: i) the anti-angiogenic and anti-migration properties of a Pd(II) dinuclear complex with spermine (Pd2Spm); ii) the anti-proliferative activity of Pd2Spm against a triple negative human breast carcinoma (MDA-MB-231); and finally iii) the putative interaction mediated by combination of Pd2Spm with Docetaxel. Anti-invasive (anti-angiogenic and anti-migratory) as well as anti-proliferative capacities were assessed, for different combination schemes and drug exposure times, using the CAM assay and VEGFR2 activity measurement, the MatrigelTM method and the SRB proliferation test...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877214/role-of-urinary-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-adenoma-and-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Emma Altobelli, Paolo Matteo Angeletti, Giovanni Latella
The growing interest in enhancing and spreading colorectal cancer (CRC) screening has been stimulating the exploration of novel biomarkers with greater sensitivity and specificity than immunochemical faecal occult blood test (iFOBT). The present study provides i) a systematic review of the urinary biomarkers that have been tested to achieve early CRC diagnosis and assess the risk of colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma, and ii) a meta-analysis of the data regarding the urinary prostaglandin (PG) metabolite PGE-M...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876565/magnesium-chloride-and-polyamine-can-differentiate-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-into-trophectoderm-or-endoderm
#6
Jun-Ichi Tanase, Takehiro Yokoo, Yuuki Matsumura, Makoto Kinoshita, Yo Kikuchi, Hirofumi Suemori, Takashi Ohyama
Magnesium chloride and polyamines stabilize DNA and chromatin. Furthermore, they can induce nucleosome aggregation and chromatin condensation in vitro. To determine the effects of elevating the cation concentrations in the nucleus of a living cell, we microinjected various concentrations of mono-, di- and polyvalent cation solutions into the nuclei of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells and traced their fates. Here, we show that an elevation of either MgCl2, spermidine or spermine concentration in the nucleus exerts a significant effect on mouse ES cells, and can differentiate a certain population of the cells into trophectoderm, a lineage that mouse ES cells do not normally generate, or endoderm...
November 19, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864329/two-stems-with-different-characteristics-and-an-internal-loop-in-an-rna-aptamer-contribute-to-spermine-binding
#7
Akihiro Oguro, Asumi Yanagida, Yuta Fujieda, Ryo Amano, Maina Otsu, Taiichi Sakamoto, Gota Kawai, Senya Matsufuji
Though polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) bind to the specific position in RNA molecules, interaction mechanisms are poorly understood. SELEX procedure has been used to isolate high-affinity oligoribonucleotides (aptamers) from randomized RNA libraries. Selected aptamers are useful in exploring sequences and/or structures in RNAs for binding molecules. In this study, to analyze the interaction mechanism of polyamine to RNA, we selected RNA aptamers targeted for spermine. Two spermine-binding aptamers (#5 and #24) were obtained and both of them had two stem-loop structures...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836810/external-ca-2-regulates-polycystin-2-trpp2-cation-currents-in-llc-pk1-renal-epithelial-cells
#8
Xiao Qing Dai, Paula L Perez, Gonzalo Soria, Noelia Scarinci, Mariano Smoler, D Cristian Morsucci, Kunimasa Suzuki, María Del Rocío Cantero, Horacio F Cantiello
Polycystin-2 (PC2, TRPP2) is a nonselective cation channel whose dysfunction is associated with the onset of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). PC2 contributes to Ca(2+) transport and cell signaling in renal epithelia and other tissues. Little is known however, as to the external Ca(2+) regulation of PC2 channel function. In this study, we explored the effect of external Ca(2+) on endogenous PC2 in wild type LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells. We obtained whole cell currents at different external Ca(2+) concentrations, and observed that the basal whole cell conductance in normal Ca(2+)(1...
November 9, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833799/ischemic-postconditioning-and-pinacidil-suppress-calcium-overload-in-anoxia-reoxygenation-cardiomyocytes-via-down-regulation-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor
#9
Lin Zhang, Song Cao, Shengli Deng, Gang Yao, Tian Yu
Ischemic postconditioning (IPC) and ATP sensitive potassium channel (KATP) agonists (e.g. pinacidil and diazoxide) postconditioning are effective methods to defeat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, but their specific mechanisms of reducing I/R injury are not fully understood. We observed an intracellular free calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) overload in Anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) cardiomyocytes, which can be reversed by KATP agonists diazoxide or pinacidil. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) regulates intracellular calcium homeostasis...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824118/kukoamine-a-inhibits-human-glioblastoma-cell-growth-and-migration-through-apoptosis-induction-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-attenuation
#10
Qiaoping Wang, Haiyan Li, Zhen Sun, Lihua Dong, Ling Gao, Chunlan Liu, Xiujie Wang
Cortex lycii radicis is the dried root bark of Lycium chinense, a traditional Chinese herb used in multiple ailments. The crude extract of Cortex lycii radicis has growth inhibition effect on GBM cells. Kukoamine A (KuA) is a spermine alkaloid derived from it. KuA possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activities, but its anticancer activity is unknown. In this study, the growth and migration inhibition effect of KuA on human GBM cells and the possible mechanism of its activity were investigated. After KuA treatment, proliferation and colony formation of GBM cells were decreased significantly; apoptotic cells were increased; the cell cycle was arrested G0/G1 phase; the migration and invasion were decreased, the growth of tumors initiated from GBM cells was inhibited significantly; the expressions of 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX) were decreased, apoptotic proteins, Bax and caspase-3 were increased, and antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 was decreased significantly; The expressions of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ), N-cadherin, vimentin, twist and snail+slug were decreased significantly, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased significantly in KuA treated GBM cells and tumor tissues...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803167/a-novel-putrescine-exporter-sapbcdf-of-escherichia-coli
#11
Yuta Sugiyama, Atsuo Nakamura, Mitsuharu Matsumoto, Ayaka Kanbe, Mikiyasu Sakanaka, Kyohei Higashi, Kazuei Igarashi, Takane Katayama, Hideyuki Suzuki, Shin Kurihara
Recent research has suggested that polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) in the intestinal tract impact the health of animals either negatively or positively. The concentration of polyamines in the intestinal tract results from the balance of uptake and export of the intestinal bacteria. However, the mechanism of polyamine export from bacterial cells to the intestinal lumen is still unclear. In Escherichia coli, PotE was previously identified as a transporter responsible for putrescine excretion in an acidic growth environment...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800431/effect-of-selected-starter-cultures-on-physical-chemical-and-microbiological-characteristics-and-biogenic-amine-content-in-protected-geographical-indication-ciauscolo-salami
#12
David Ranucci, Anna Rita Loschi, Dino Miraglia, Roberta Stocchi, Raffaella Branciari, Stefano Rea
The aim of the study was to evaluate the biogenic amine (BA) content of Ciauscolo salami made with and without the use of a selected started culture. Two batches of salami were made following the guidelines of the Protected Geographical Indications: with and without adding a commercial starter culture made of Lactobacillus plantarum and Staphylococcus xylosus. Six samples of salami per batch were collected at different ripening times (0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 days) for physical, chemical and microbiological analyses and for the determination of BA content...
January 18, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792477/suppression-of-tobacco-carcinogen-induced-lung-tumorigenesis-by-aerosol-delivered-glycerol-propoxylate-triacrylate-spermine-copolymer-short-hairpin-rab25-rna-complexes-in-female-a-j-mice
#13
Nomundelger Gankhuyag, Kyeong Nam Yu, Orkhonselenge Davaadamdin, Somin Lee, Won Young Cho, Changhoon Park, Hu-Lin Jiang, Bijay Singh, Chan-Hee Chae, Myung-Haing Cho, Chong-Su Cho
BACKGROUND: Rab25, a member of Rab family of small guanosine triphosphatase, is associated with progression of various types of human cancers, including lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer-associated deaths around the globe. METHODS: In this study, we report the gene therapeutic effect of short hairpin Rab25 RNA (shRab25) on 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)-induced lung tumorigenesis in female A/J mice. Initially, mice (6 weeks old) were injected with single dose of NNK (2 mg/0...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770613/ornithine-decarboxylase-is-sufficient-for-prostate-tumorigenesis-via-androgen-receptor-signaling
#14
Amita Shukla-Dave, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Ming Chen, Jose Lobo, Nataliya Gladoun, Ana C Lorduy, Faisal M Khan, Vladimir Ponomarev, Zhengzi Yi, Weijia Zhang, Pier P Pandolfi, Hedvig Hricak, Carlos Cordon-Cardo
Increased polyamine synthesis is known to play an important role in prostate cancer. We aimed to explore its functional significance in prostate tumor initiation and its link to androgen receptor (AR) signaling. For this purpose, we generated a new cell line derived from normal epithelial prostate cells (RWPE-1) with overexpression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and used it for in vitro and in vivo experiments. We then comprehensively analyzed the expression of the main metabolic enzymes of the polyamine pathway and spermine abundance in 120 well-characterized cases of human prostate cancer and high-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN)...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769926/molecular-investigation-on-the-interaction-of-spermine-with-proteinase-k-by-multispectroscopic-techniques-and-molecular-simulation-studies
#15
Mansoore Hosseini-Koupaei, Behzad Shareghi, Ali Akbar Saboury, Fateme Davar
The alteration in structure, function and stability of proteinase K in the presence of spermine was investigated using spectroscopic methods and simulation techniques. The stability and enzyme activity of proteinase K-spermine complex were significantly enhanced as compared to that of the pure enzyme. The increase in the value of Vmax and the catalytic efficiency of Proteinase K in presence of spermine confirmed that the polyamine could bring the enzyme hyperactivation. UV-vis spectroscopy, intrinsic fluorescence and circular dichroism methods demonstrated that the binding of spermine changed the microenvironment and structure of proteinase K...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769497/highly-selective-and-sensitive-detection-of-2-4-6-trinitrophenol-by-using-newly-developed-blue-green-photoluminescent-carbon-nanodots
#16
Meng Li Liu, Bin Bin Chen, Ze Xi Liu, Cheng Zhi Huang
Though many methods of detecting 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) mainly have been developed recent years, quantification of TNP in environmental matrixes still faces up to great challenges because all the nitroaromatic explosives reveal highly similar chemical structure. In the present work, we have developed a selective and sensitive method for detection of TNP by amorphous photoluminescent carbon nanodots (CNDs), which are prepared through a simple hydrothermal route using spermine and m-phenylenediamine (MPD) as precursors...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758122/uremic-toxins-some-thoughts-on-acrolein-and-spermine
#17
Kunal K Sindhu
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by the progressive reduction of glomerular filtration rate and subsequent retention of organic waste compounds called uremic toxins. While patients with CKD are at a higher risk of premature death due to cardiovascular complications, this increased risk cannot be completely explained by classical cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. Instead, recent research suggests that uremic toxins may play a key role in explaining this marked increase in cardiovascular mortality in patients with CKD...
October 19, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749078/tuning-zeolite-precursor-interactions-by-switching-the-valence-of-polyamine-modifiers
#18
Alexandra Ioana Lupulescu, Wei Qin, Jeffrey D Rimer
Nonclassical mechanisms of crystal growth often involve the formation of amorphous precursors that play a direct role in what is generally referred to as crystallization by particle attachment (or CPA). One of the most studied CPA systems in literature is zeolite MFI, which is a microporous crystal with siliceous (silicalite-1) and aluminosilicate (ZSM-5) isostructures. The self-assembly, microstructural evolution, and mechanistic role of nanoparticle precursors (1 - 6 nm) during silicalite-1 crystallization have been the subjects of prior investigation by combined experimental and modeling techniques...
October 17, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725878/spermine-ameliorates-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-cardiomyocytes-via-regulation-of-autophagy
#19
Qunjun Duan, Weijun Yang, Daming Jiang, Kaiyu Tao, Aiqiang Dong, Haifeng Cheng
Myocardial infarction could result in high morbidity and mortality and heart diseases of children have becoming prevalent. Functions of spermine administration on cardiomyocytes remain unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the role of spermine pretreatment on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). A cell model of simulated ischemia/reperfusion injury was established by incubating neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cardiomyocytes in ischemia medium and re-cultured in normal medium. Of note, spermine pretreatment significantly reduced apoptosis and increased viability of immature cardiomyocytes...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723800/a-tale-of-tails-dissecting-the-enhancing-effect-of-tailed-primers-in-real-time-pcr
#20
Frank Vandenbussche, Elisabeth Mathijs, David Lefebvre, Kris De Clercq, Steven Van Borm
Non-specific tail sequences are often added to the 5'-terminus of primers to improve the robustness and overall performance of diagnostic assays. Despite the widespread use of tailed primers, the underlying working mechanism is not well understood. To address this problem, we conducted a detailed in vitro and in silico analysis of the enhancing effect of primer tailing on 2 well-established foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) RT-qPCR assays using an FMDV reference panel. Tailing of the panFMDV-5UTR primers mainly affected the shape of the amplification curves...
2016: PloS One
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