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Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Seung-Woo Jeong, Jaisoo Kim
A light yellow-coloured, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain K-3-6T, capable of degrading aliphatic hydrocarbons was isolated from oil-contaminated soil of Biratnagar, Morang, Nepal. It was able to grow at 15-45 °C, at pH 5.0-9.5 and with 0-6 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain K-3-6T belongs to the genus Sphingobium and is closely related to Sphingobium olei IMMIB HF-1T (98.4 % similarity), Sphingobium abikonense NBRC 16140T (98.3 %), Sphingobium rhizovicinum CC-FH12-1T (97...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Myung Hee Park, Ajeet Mandal, Swati Mandal, Edith C Wolff
Deoxyhypusine synthase (DHS) catalyzes the post-translational modification of eukaryotic translation factor 5A (eIF5A) by the polyamine, spermidine, that converts one specific lysine residue to deoxyhypusine [N (ε) -4-aminobutyl(lysine)], which is subsequently hydroxylated to hypusine [N (ε) -4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl(lysine)]. Hypusine synthesis represents the most critical function of polyamine. As eIF5A has been implicated in various human diseases, identification of specific inhibitors of hypusine modification is of vital importance...
August 17, 2017: Amino Acids
Sunil Sharma, Sunil Pareek, Narashans Alok Sagar, Daniel Valero, Maria Serrano
Polyamines (PAs) are natural compounds involved in many growth and developmental processes in plants, and, specifically in fruits, play a vital role regulating its development, ripening and senescence processes. Putrescine (PUT), spermine (SPE), and spermidine (SPD) are prominent PAs applied exogenously to extend shelf life of fruits. They also originate endogenously during developmental phases of horticultural crops and simultaneously affect the quality attributes and shelf life. Their anti-ethylene nature is being exploited to enhance the shelf life when exogenously applied on fruits...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Emmanuelle Bignon, Chen-Hui Chan, Christophe Morell, Antonio Monari, Jean-Luc Ravanat, Elise Dumont
Biogenic polyamines, which play a role in DNA condensation and stabilization, are ubiquitous and are found at millimolar concentration in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. The interaction modes of three polyamines-putrescine (Put), spermine (Spm), and spermidine (Spd)-with a self-complementary 16 base pair (bp) duplex, are investigated by all-atom explicit-solvent molecular dynamics. The length of the amine aliphatic chain leads to a change of the interaction mode from minor groove binding to major groove binding...
August 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Heeyoung Kang, Haneul Kim, Jaeho Song, Jang-Cheon Cho, Kiseong Joh, Yochan Joung
A non-motile, orange-pigmented bacterium, designated strain HME7103T, was isolated from lagoon water in the Republic of Korea. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HME7103T formed a lineage within the genus Lacihabitans and family Cytophagaceae. Strain HME7103T was closely related to Lacihabitans soyangensis HME6675T (95.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The major fatty acids of strain HME7103T were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and iso-C15 : 0...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Sang-Min Shin, Sung-Hyun Song, Jin-Woo Lee, Min-Kyu Kwak, Sa-Ouk Kang
Methylglyoxal regulates cell division and differentiation through its interaction with polyamines. Loss of their biosynthesizing enzyme causes physiological impairment and cell elongation in eukaryotes. However, the reciprocal effects of methylglyoxal and polyamine production and its regulatory metabolic switches on morphological changes in prokaryotes have not been addressed. Here, Bacillus subtilis methylglyoxal synthase (mgsA) and polyamine biosynthesizing genes encoding arginine decarboxylase (SpeA), agmatinase (SpeB), and spermidine synthase (SpeE), were disrupted or overexpressed...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
V M Vidhya, Vikash Kumar Dubey, Karthe Ponnuraj
Visceral leishmaniasis caused by the protozoan Leishmania donovani is the most severe form of leishmaniasis and it is potentially lethal if untreated. Despite the availability of drugs for treating the disease, the current drug regime suffers from drawbacks like antibiotic resistance and toxicity. New drugs have to be discovered in order to overcome these limitations. Our aim is to identify natural compounds from plant sources as putative inhibitors considering the occurrence of structural diversity in plant sources...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Álvaro F Fernández, Clea Bárcena, Gemma G Martínez-García, Isaac Tamargo-Gómez, María F Suárez, Federico Pietrocola, Francesca Castoldi, Lorena Esteban, Elena Sierra-Filardi, Patricia Boya, Carlos López-Otín, Guido Kroemer, Guillermo Mariño
In the last years, autophagy has been revealed as an essential pathway for multiple biological processes and physiological functions. As a catabolic route, autophagy regulation by nutrient availability has been evolutionarily conserved from yeast to mammals. On one hand, autophagy induction by starvation is associated with a significant loss in body weight in mice. Here, we demonstrate that both genetic and pharmacological inhibition of the autophagy process compromise weight loss induced by starvation. Moreover, autophagic potential also impacts on weight gain induced by distinct hypercaloric regimens...
August 3, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Ryunosuke Yoshino, Nobuaki Yasuo, Yohsuke Hagiwara, Takashi Ishida, Daniel Ken Inaoka, Yasushi Amano, Yukihiro Tateishi, Kazuki Ohno, Ichiji Namatame, Tatsuya Niimi, Masaya Orita, Kiyoshi Kita, Yutaka Akiyama, Masakazu Sekijima
Chagas disease results from infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and is a neglected tropical disease (NTD). Although some treatment drugs are available, their use is associated with severe problems, including adverse effects and limited effectiveness during the chronic disease phase. To develop a novel anti-Chagas drug, we virtually screened 4.8 million small molecules against spermidine synthase (SpdSyn) as the target protein using our super computer "TSUBAME2.5" and conducted in vitro enzyme assays to determine the half-maximal inhibitory concentration values...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shih-Yi Sheu, Li-Ping Liu, Chiu-Chung Young, Wen-Ming Chen
A bacterial strain designated STM-14T was isolated from a spring in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain STM-14T was a Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium and formed cream-coloured colonies. Strain STM-14T grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.0) and with 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain STM-14T belonged to the genus Novosphingobium and showed the highest levels of sequence similarity to Novosphingobium naphthae D39T (98...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Abimannan Arulkumar, Sadayan Paramasivam, Palanivel Rameshthangam, Mohamed A Rabie
Biogenic amines (BAs) are a group of substances with low molecular weight organic compounds such as aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic structures that are naturally present in animal tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes on the formation of biogenic amine, bacterial load and biochemical characteristics in blue swimmer crab (Portunus pelagicus) at different storage temperatures (4 and 20 °C) up to 96 h. From seven BAs only four biogenic amines (tryptamine, putrescine, histamine, and tyramine) were detected while, the cadaverine, spermidine and spermine were absent in all investigated samples...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
A P J Maria, L Ayane, T C Putarov, B A Loureiro, B P Neto, M F Casagrande, M O S Gomes, M B A Glória, A C Carciofi
The present study compared the effects of diets formulated with fibers of different fermentability and protein sources of animal or vegetable origins on old and adult dogs. The experiment was organized in a 3 (diets) × 2 (ages) factorial arrangement, totaling 6 treatments. Thirty-six Beagle dogs were used (18 old dogs [10.2 ± 1.0 yr] and 18 young adult dogs [2.6 ± 0.9 yr]), with 6 dogs per treatment. Three diets with similar compositions were used: a nonfermentable insoluble fiber source (sugarcane fiber) and chicken byproduct meal (nonfermentable fiber [NFF] diet), a fermentable fiber source (beet pulp) and chicken byproduct meal (fermentable fiber [FF] diet), and soybean meal as a protein and fiber source (soybean meal [SM] diet)...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
O V Masalova, E I Lesnova, E I Samokhvalov, K Yu Permyakova, A V Ivanov, S N Kochetkov, A A Kushch
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces the expression of the genes of proinflammatory cytokines, the excessive production of which may cause cell death, and contribute to development of liver fibrosis and hepatocarcinoma. The relationship between cytokine production and metabolic disorders in HCV-infected cells remains obscure. The levels of biogenic polyamines, spermine, spermidine, and their precursor putrescine, may be a potential regulator of these processes. The purpose of the present work was to study the effects of the compounds which modulate biogenic polyamines metabolism on cytokine production and HCV proteins expression...
May 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
Zhou Li, Yan Zhang, Xinquan Zhang, Emily Merewitz, Yan Peng, Xiao Ma, Linkai Huang, Yanhong Yan
Increased endogenous chitosan (CTS) could be associated with improved drought resistance in white clover (Trifolium repens). Plants were pretreated with or without 1 mg/mL CTS and then were subjected to optimal or water-limited condition in controlled growth chambers for 6 days. Phenotypic and physiological results indicated that exogenous CTS significantly improved drought resistance of white clover. Metabolome results showed that exogenous CTS induced a significant increase in endogenous CTS content during dehydration accompanied by the maintenance of greater accumulation of sugars, sugar alcohols, amino acids, organic acids, and other metabolites (ascorbate, glutathione, flavonoids, putrescine, and spermidine)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
Srinivas Agurla, Gunja Gayatri, Agepati S Raghavendra
A comprehensive study which was undertaken on the effect of three polyamines (PAs) on stomatal closure was examined in relation to nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in guard cells of Arabidopsis thaliana. Three PAs-putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd), and spermine (Spm)-induced stomatal closure, while increasing the levels of NO as well as ROS in guard cells. The roles of NO and ROS were confirmed by the reversal of closure by cPTIO (NO scavenger) and catalase (ROS scavenger). The presence of L-NAME (NOS-like enzyme inhibitor) reversed PA-induced stomatal closure, suggesting that NOS-like enzyme played a significant role in NO production during stomatal closure...
July 11, 2017: Protoplasma
Hailiang Zhao, Kai Zhang, Xiaoting Zhou, Linjie Xi, Yuping Wang, Hongjun Xu, Tonghua Pan, Zhirong Zou
To obtain new insights into the mechanisms of the positive effects of exogenous melatonin applications to cucumber seedlings during chilling, we investigated its role in regulating photosynthesis, the transcription level of csZat12 and the metabolism of polyamines (PAs) and of abscisic acid (ABA). The negative effects of chilling were clearly alleviated in cucumber seedlings by irrigation with 200 μM melatonin solution. This was evidenced by alleviation of the decline in net photosynthesis rate and also in electrolyte leakage in chilled plants...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Guang-Da Feng, Song-Zhen Yang, Xiong Xiong, Hua-Ping Li, Hong-Hui Zhu
A yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated 9NM-10T, was isolated from an abandoned lead-zinc mine in Meizhou, Guangdong Province, China. Cells were strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative and motile with a polar monotrichous flagellum. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 9NM-10T belongs to the genus Sphingomonas and was most closely related to Sphingomonas yantingensis JCM 19201T and Sphingomonas japonica JCM 15438T. DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain 9NM-10T and these two type strains were 43...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ayami Handa, Hitomi Kawanabe, Akihiro Ibe
An analytical method for the determination of nonvolatile amines (putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, and spermidine) in foods was developed, using an improved dansyl derivatization technique. The five amines were extracted from food with 1% trichloroacetic acid. Three milliliter of extract was applied to a polymer-based strong cation exchange resin mini-column, which was washed with 5 mL of water, and eluted with 5 mL of 1 mol/L potassium carbonate solution. The eluate was dansylated, then 5 mL of toluene was added with shaking...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
Ryota Hidese, Ki-Hwan Im, Masaki Kobayashi, Masaru Niitsu, Takemitsu Furuchi, Shinsuke Fujiwara
Long/branched-chain polyamines are unique polycations found in thermophiles. The hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakarensis contains spermidine and a branched-chain polyamine, N(4)-bis(aminopropyl)spermidine, as major polyamines. The metabolic pathways associated with branched-chain polyamines remain unknown. Here, we used gas chromatography and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analyses to identify a new acetylated polyamine, N(4)-bis(aminopropyl)-N(1)-acetylspermidine, from T. kodakarensis; this polyamine was not found in other micro-organisms...
September 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Hong-Jyuan Jian, Ren-Siang Wu, Tzu-Yu Lin, Yu-Jia Li, Han-Jia Lin, Scott G Harroun, Jui-Yang Lai, Chih-Ching Huang
We have developed a one-step method to synthesize carbon quantum dots (CQDPAs) from biogenic polyamines (PAs) as an antibacterial agent for topical treatment of bacterial keratitis (BK). CQDs synthesized by direct pyrolysis of spermidine (Spd) powder through a simple dry heating treatment exhibit a solubility and yield much higher than those from putrescine and spermine. We demonstrate that CQDs obtained from Spds (CQDSpds) possess effective antibacterial activities against non-multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis bacteria and also against the multidrug-resistant bacteria, methicillin-resistant S...
July 25, 2017: ACS Nano
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