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Paraoxonase activity and polymorphisms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782204/paraoxonase-1-q192r-genotype-and-activity-affect-homocysteine-thiolactone-levels-in-humans
#1
Joanna Perła-Kaján, Kamila Borowczyk, Rafał Głowacki, Ottar Nygård, Hieronim Jakubowski
Genetic or nutritional deficiencies in 1 carbon and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism elevate Hcy-thiolactone levels and are associated with cardiovascular and neurologic diseases. Hcy-thiolactone causes protein damage, cellular toxicity, and proatherogenic changes in gene expression in human cells and tissues. A polymorphic cardio-protective enzyme, paraoxonase 1 (PON1), hydrolyzes Hcy-thiolactone in vitro. However, whether Hcy-thiolactone hydrolysis is a physiologic function of the PON1 protein and whether polymorphisms in the PON1 gene affect Hcy-thiolactone levels in humans was unknown...
May 21, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747151/role-of-pon1-sod2-ogg1-xrcc1-and-xrcc4-polymorphisms-on-modulation-of-dna-damage-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-pesticides
#2
Vivian F Silva Kahl, Fernanda Rabaioli da Silva, Jodel da Silva Alves, Gabrieli Flesch da Silva, Juliana Picinini, Varinderpal Singh Dhillon, Michael Fenech, Melissa Rosa de Souza, Johnny F Dias, Claudia Telles de Souza, Mirian Salvador, Cátia Dos Santos Branco, Flávia Valadão Thiesen, Daniel Simon, Juliana da Silva
Tobacco farming has been proving to induce poor health outcomes in agricultural workers, genomic instability being the triggering one. This study evaluated influence of PON1 (paraoxonase 1), SOD2 (superoxide dismutase), OGG1 (8-oxoguanine glycosylase), XRCC1 (X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1), and XRCC4 (X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 4) genes polymorphisms on DNA damage in 121 subjects occupationally exposed to pesticides mixtures and nicotine at tobacco fields and 121 non-exposed individuals...
May 7, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729306/postnatal-chlorpyrifos-exposure-and-apolipoprotein-e-apoe-genotype-differentially-affect-cholinergic-expression-and-developmental-parameters-in-transgenic-mice
#3
Pia Basaure, Laia Guardia-Escote, Maria Cabré, Fiona Peris-Sampedro, Fernando Sánchez-Santed, José L Domingo, Maria Teresa Colomina
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most commonly used organophosphate pesticides in the world. Our previous results described that apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphisms are a source of individual differences in susceptibility to CPF. The aim of this study was to assess the physical and biochemical effects of postnatal exposure to CPF in the apoE targeted replacement mouse model. Mice were exposed to CPF at 0 or 1 mg/kg/day from postnatal day 10-15. Physical development, plasma and forebrain cholinesterase (ChE) activity and gene expression in liver and forebrain were evaluated...
May 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564841/role-of-genetic-background-in-cardiovascular-risk-markers-changes-in-water-polo-players
#4
Debora Di Mauro, Monica Currò, Fabio Trimarchi, Mercurio Vecchio, Giuseppina Rizzo, Davide Barreca, Giuseppa Visalli, Riccardo Ientile, Daniela Caccamo
Methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene polymorphisms have been associated with hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress increase, that are established cardiovascular risk factors. Given that intense physical activity may increase the susceptibility to adverse cardiovascular outcomes, here we investigated the effects of MTHFR C677T and A1298C as well as PON1 Q192R gene polymorphisms on cardiovascular risk markers in twenty-eight male water polo elite players. The mean plasma levels of homocysteine (Hcy) and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were above reference limits in resting conditions, and increased after competition...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546656/association-of-pon1-gene-polymorphisms-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#5
D Liao, H Yu, L Han, C Zhong, X Ran, D Wang, L Mo
PURPOSE: Evidences showed that paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene polymorphism has an impact on women's susceptibility to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) by influencing the expression and activity of PON1. However, the effects of three PON1 polymorphisms (- 108 C>T, L55M and Q192R) on the incidence of PCOS have generated inconsistent results. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between PON1 polymorphisms and PCOS risk. METHODS: All eligible trials were identified via systematic searches of multiple literature databases...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462797/functional-snp-in-the-3-utr-of-pon1-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-calcific-aortic-valve-stenosis-via-mir-616
#6
Zhengjun Wang, Shiqiao Chen, Mei Zhu, Wenlong Zhang, Haizhou Zhang, Hongxin Li, Chengwei Zou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have examined the associations between the single nucleotide polymorphism in the Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene and development of calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS). The association between functional SNP in 3'UTR of PON1 and the risk of CAVS, however, is unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of SNP in the regulation of PON1 expression via miR-616, as well as the association of SNP with the risk of CAVS. METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen patients with CAVS and 243 CAVS-free participants were recruited in this study...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441810/pon2-and-pparg-polymorphisms-as-biomarkers-of-risk-for-coronary-heart-disease
#7
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Isela Esther Juárez-Rojop, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, María Lilia López-Narváez, Candelario Rodríguez-Pérez, Yahaira Karina González-Hernández, Miguel Ángel Ramos-Méndez
AIM: Investigate the correlation between paraoxonase 2 (PON2) Ser311Cys polymorphism as well as the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) His477His polymorphism and the susceptibility to development of coronary heart diseases (CHD) through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Odds ratio and the corresponding 95% CI were used to assess the results. We included 7476 CHD patients and 8504 healthy controls. All the statistical analyses were performed by Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (CMA, version 2...
March 2018: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409844/association-of-paraoxonase-1-gene-polymorphisms-with-insulin-resistance-in-south-indian-population
#8
Panneerselvam Gomathi, Anandi Chandramouli Iyer, Ponniah Senthil Murugan, Sundaresan Sasikumar, Nancy Bright Arul Joseph Raj, Divya Ganesan, Sivagnanam Nallaperumal, Maruthamuthu Murugan, Govindan Sadasivam Selvam
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Insulin resistance plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Recently, paraoxonase-1(PON1) is reported to have an ability to reduce insulin resistance by promoting glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4) expression in vitro. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in PON1 is associated with variability in enzyme activity and concentration. Based on this we aimed to investigate the association of PON1 (Q192R and L55M) polymorphisms with the risk of developing insulin resistance in adult South Indian population...
April 15, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397664/genotype-phenotype-analysis-of-paraoxonase-1-in-schizophrenic-patients-treated-with-atypical-antipsychotics
#9
Denis Pavăl, Bogdan Nemeș, Răzvan L Rusu, Eleonora Dronca
Objective: Recent studies suggest a possible involvement of low paraoxonase 1 (PON1) enzyme activities in the association between schizophrenia, treatment with atypical antipsychotics and increased cardiovascular (CVD) risk. In the present study, we aimed at investigating the PON1 status in a group of schizophrenic patients treated with either olanzapine or other antipsychotic, as compared to a group of healthy control participants. Methods: We assessed the arylesterase (AREase) and paraoxonase (POase) activities of PON1, as well as three common polymorphisms of PON1 gene (Q192R, L55M, -108C>T)...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393817/relationship-between-paraoxonase-1-and-butyrylcholinesterase-activities-and-nutritional-status-in-mexican-children
#10
Rocío Ramírez-Jiménez, María Fernanda Martínez-Salazar, Damianys Almenares-López, Leticia Yáñez-Estrada, Antonio Monroy-Noyola
BACKGROUND: The enzymes butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) are the primary bioscavenging enzymes in serum and exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. PON1 has been associated with diseases caused by high oxidative stress, whereas BuChE appears to be involved in the pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome and related disorders. It has been suggested that children from rural communities in Mexico may have a predisposition to develop obesity or type 2 diabetes during adolescence or adulthood...
March 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273831/synergism-between-apolipoprotein-e-%C3%A6-4-allele-and-paraoxonase-pon1-55-m-allele-is-associated-with-risk-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
Maryam Tanhapour, Ali Miri, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Fariborz Bahrehmand, Amir Kiani, Zohreh Rahimi, Tayebeh Pourmotabbed, Ebrahim Shakiba
Evidences indicate that abnormal lipid metabolism and lipid peroxidation can affect the progression of complications in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) play important role in lipid metabolism and protection of lipid peroxidation. The polymorphisms of ApoE and paraoxonase (PON1) L55M (Met < Leu) allele genes lead to disorders in lipid metabolism and are related to atherosclerosis. This study is the first investigation to examine the possible association between ApoE and PON1-L55M polymorphisms and correlation with serum arylesterase (ARE) activities of PON, levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), neopterin, and lipid lipoprotein in SLE patients from Iranian western population...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226640/association-of-paraoxonase-1-polymorphism-and-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-with-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
Sawsan O Khoja, Yasser El Miedany, Archana P Iyer, Sami M Bahlas, Khadijah S Balamash, Mohamed F Elshal
BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have significantly increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality that are not accounted for by traditional risk factors alone. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D have been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of CV diseases. Objective: This study aimed to investigate PON1 gene polymorphism and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in RA patients, and to determine their association with CV risk in RA. METHODS: Serum samples from 46 RA patients and 45 healthy controls were tested for PON1 R192Q genotypes and serum vitamin D concentrations...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189170/paraoxonase-1-characteristics-and-role-in-atherosclerosis-and-carotid-artery-disease
#13
Stella Lioudaki, Christos Verikokos, Grigorios Kouraklis, Christos Ioannou, Efi Chatziioannou, Despoina Perrea, Christos Klonaris
Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a calcium-dependent enzyme that is synthesized in the liver and then secreted in blood where it is bound to high density lipoprotein(HDL). PON-1 is a hydrolase with a wide range of substrates, including lipid peroxides. It is considered responsible for many of the antiatherogenic properties of HDL. PON-1 prevents low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation, a process that is considered to contribute to the initiation and development of atherosclerosis. PON-1 activity and levels areinfluenced by gene polymorphisms; of the 2 common variants, one is in position 192 (Q192R) and one in position 55 (M55L)...
November 29, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063603/effects-of-paraoxonase-1-on-the-cytodifferentiation-and-mineralization-of-periodontal-ligament-cells
#14
R Masumoto, J Kitagaki, M Matsumoto, S Miyauchi, C Fujihara, M Yamashita, S Yamada, M Kitamura, S Murakami
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of paraoxonase 1 (PON1) are known to be associated with the pathogenesis of osteoporosis and periodontitis. However, the effects of PON1 on the osteoblastic differentiation of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells are unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of PON1 on the osteoblastic differentiation of PDL cells, and analysed the role of PON1 SNPs on the pathogenesis of aggressive periodontitis (AgP) in the Japanese population...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049176/correlation-of-pon1-polymorphisms-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-susceptibility-a-case-control-study-in-chinese-han-population
#15
Haitao Xu, Yiming Qu
Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) modulates the oxidative stress and inflammatory response, thus, it might relate to the risk of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The aim of present study was to discover the correlation of PON1 polymorphisms (rs662 and rs854560) with PON1 activity and AS risk.Around 128 AS patients and 146 healthy controls were recruited in this case-control study. PON1 polymorphisms were genotyped by direct sequencing. Serum PON1 activity was detected and compared by nonparametric test in different genotypes of PON1 polymorphisms...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044294/serum-levels-of-anti-pon1-and-anti-hdl-antibodies-as-potential-biomarkers-of-premature-atherosclerosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#16
Patricia López, Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, Aleida Martínez-Zapico, Ángel I Pérez-Álvarez, Raquel López-Mejías, Lorena Benavente, Lourdes Mozo, Luis Caminal-Montero, Miguel A González-Gay, Ana Suárez
The present study aimed to evaluate the possible role of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) as possible biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To this end, levels of these autoantibodies, PON1 activity and total antioxidant capacity were quantified in serum samples from 198 SLE patients, 100 healthy controls (HC) and 42 non-autoimmune individuals with traditional cardiovascular risk factors. PON1 rs662 polymorphism was analysed in a subgroup of patients and controls...
November 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866115/association-between-promoter-polymorphism-108c-t-of-paraoxonase1-gene-and-it-s-paraoxonase-activity-in-patients-with-type2-diabetes-in-northern-iran
#17
Raheleh Shakeri, Safoura Khajeniazi, Abdoljalal Marjani
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the diseases which depend on the obesity associated with insulin resistance. Various factors, such as a reduction in the activity of paraoxonase-1 enzyme (PON1), could affect T2DM. PON1 is a multifunctional enzyme with paraoxonase and arylesterase activities. The Activity of PON1 is influenced by various SNPs. The aim of presence study is to investigate the association between promoter polymorphism (-108C>T) of PON1 gene and its paraoxonase activity in patients suffering from Type 2 diabetes in Golestan Province, north of Iran...
November 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835968/pon1-l55m-and-q192r-gene-polymorphisms-and-cad-risks-in-patients-with-hyperlipidemia-clinical-study-of-possible-associations
#18
H Chen, S Ding, M Zhou, X Wu, X Liu, J Liu, Y Wu, D Liu
OBJECTIVE: A decreased plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level is a strong risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Antioxidant activity of HDL mainly lies in the activity of paraoxonase (PON). This study aimed to investigate the relationships between PON1 L55M and Q192R polymorphisms, and the risks of CAD in patients with hyperlipidemia. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2016, 244 patients were divided into hyperlipidemia, hyperlipidemia + CAD, and control groups...
August 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779954/paraoxonase-1-pon1-and-stroke-the-dilemma-of-genetic-variation
#19
REVIEW
Amir Tajbakhsh, Mehdi Rezaee, Mahdi Rivandi, Faranak Forouzanfar, Fahimeh Afzaljavan, Alireza Pasdar
Ischaemic stroke, which is mostly caused by atherosclerosis, is one of the most widely causes of mortality and morbidity. One of the most important enzymatic activities of paraoxonase-1 (PON1) in association with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the prevention of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation, which gives it an anti-atherogenic activity. PON1 expression and activity is influenced by various factors; the most important of which is genetic polymorphism, mainly single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
December 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467805/paraoxonase-1-pon1-induces-metastatic-potential-and-apoptosis-escape-via-its-antioxidative-function-in-lung-cancer-cells
#20
Mark Borris D Aldonza, Yeon Sung Son, Hye-Jin Sung, Jung Mo Ahn, Young-Jin Choi, Yong-In Kim, Sukki Cho, Je-Yoel Cho
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) gene polymorphisms have been closely associated with the development of advanced cancers while PON1 secretion to the serum is linked with inhibition of oxidized high-density lipoprotein by its antioxidative function. Our group previously demonstrated that post-translational modification of serum PON1 in form of fucosylated PON1 is a potential biomarker of small cell lung cancer. Here, we interrogated the role of PON1 in the pathobiology of lung cancer (LC) by addressing cell-autonomous mechanisms using gain-of-function and loss-of-function approaches and protein expression profiling of tissue samples in our clinical biobank...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
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