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Ralph J Stevenson, Iman Azimi, Jack U Flanagan, Marco Inserra, Irina Vetter, Gregory R Monteith, William A Denny
The proteins Orai1 and STIM1 control store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) into cells. SOCE is important for migration, invasion and metastasis of MDA-MB-231 human triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells and has been proposed as a target for cancer drug discovery. Two hit compounds from a medium throughput screen, displayed encouraging inhibition of SOCE in MDA-MB-231 cells, as measured by a Fluorescence Imaging Plate Reader (FLIPR) Ca2+ assay. Following NMR spectroscopic analysis of these hits and reassignment of their structures as 5-hydroxy-5-trifluoromethylpyrazolines, a series of analogues was prepared via thermal condensation reactions between substituted acylhydrazones and trifluoromethyl 1,3-dicarbonyl arenes...
May 9, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Maki Kimura, Koichi Nishi, Asuka Higashikawa, Sadao Ohyama, Kaoru Sakurai, Masakazu Tazaki, Yoshiyuki Shibukawa
Odontoblasts play a crucial role in dentin formation and sensory transduction following the application of stimuli to the dentin surface. Various exogenous and endogenous stimuli elicit an increase in the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+ ]i ) in odontoblasts, which is mediated by Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores and/or Ca2+ influx from the extracellular medium. In a previous study, we demonstrated that the depletion of Ca2+ stores in odontoblasts activated store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), a Ca2+ influx pathway...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Xiaoyu Liu, Xu Wan, Hao Kan, Yan Wang, Fan Yu, Lei Feng, Jian Jin, Peng Zhang, Xin Ma
In colon cancer, hypoxia promotes metastasis and angiogenesis, but little is known about the mediators of these effects. Here, we reported that expression of Orai1 is up-regulated in colon cancer cells in response to hypoxia, and the increase in Orai1 is mediated by Notch1 pathway. We also showed upregulation of Orai1 contributes to hypoxia-induced invasion and angiogenesis, and inhibition or downregulation of Orai1 reverses these effects. Mechanistic study revealed that upregulation of Orai1 by hypoxia potentiates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), and then causes activation of nuclear factor of activated T cells isoform c3 (NFATc3) in colon cancer cells...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Bendik C Brinchmann, Eric Le Ferrec, Normand Podechard, Dominique Lagadic-Gossmann, Kenji F Shoji, Aubin Penna, Klara Kukowski, Alena Kubátová, Jørn A Holme, Johan Øvrevik
Exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) affects endothelial function and may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis and vasomotor dysfunction. As intracellular calcium concentration [Ca2+ ] i is considered important in myoendothelial signalling, we explored the effects of extractable organic matter from DEPs (DEP-EOM) on [Ca2+ ] i and membrane microstructure in endothelial cells. DEP-EOM of increasing polarity was obtained by pressurized sequential extraction of DEPs with n -hexane ( n -Hex-EOM), dichloromethane (DCM-EOM), methanol, and water...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mateus Fila Pecenin, Lucas Borges-Pereira, Julio Levano-Garcia, Alexandre Budu, Eduardo Alves, Katsuhiko Mikoshiba, Andrew Thomas, Celia R S Garcia
Inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate (IP3 ) signaling plays a crucial role in a wide range of eukaryotic processes. In Plasmodium falciparum, IP3 elicits Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores, even though no IP3 receptor homolog has been identified to date. The human host hormone melatonin plays a key role in entraining the P. falciparum life cycle in the intraerythrocytic stages, apparently through an IP3 -dependent Ca2+ signal. The melatonin-induced cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+ ]cyt ) increase and malaria cell cycle can be blocked by the IP3 receptor blocker 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate (2-APB)...
March 14, 2018: Cell Calcium
Cristina Pierro, Xuexin Zhang, Cynthia Kankeu, Mohamed Trebak, Martin D Bootman, H Llewelyn Roderick
The KRAS GTPase plays a fundamental role in transducing signals from plasma membrane growth factor receptors to downstream signalling pathways controlling cell proliferation, survival and migration. Activating KRAS mutations are found in 20% of all cancers and in up to 40% of colorectal cancers, where they contribute to dysregulation of cell processes underlying oncogenic transformation. Multiple KRAS-regulated cell functions are also influenced by changes in intracellular Ca2+ levels that are concurrently modified by receptor signalling pathways...
March 14, 2018: Cell Calcium
W Hong, B W Hao, F Peng, G Y Peng, L M Huang, J Xu, W T Cao, B L Liao, L H Tang, J D Pu, B Li, P X Ran
Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanism of contractility dysfunction of human bronchial smooth muscle cells induced by nicotine. Methods: Primary human bronchial smooth muscle cells were cultured in vitro. The cells were divided into a control group and a nicotine group which was treated with 10(-5) mol/L nicotine for 48 h and transfected with or without α7nAChR-siRNA (The siNC group, siNC + nicotine group and siα7nAChR + nicotine group). The effects of nicotine on the cell contractile function were examined by collagen gel shrinkage assay...
May 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Kuo-Hao Ho, Cheng-Kuei Chang, Peng-Hsu Chen, Yu-Jia Wang, Wei-Chiao Chang, Ku-Chung Chen
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common brain tumor in adults. Due to its highly invasive nature, it is not easy to treat, resulting in high mortality rates. Stromal interacting molecule 1 (Stim1) plays important roles in regulating store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), and controls invasion by cancer cells. However, the mechanisms and functions of Stim1 in glioma progression are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of targeting Stim1 expression on glioma cell invasion. By analyzing profiles of GBM patients from RNA-sequencing data in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), higher expression levels of STIM1 were correlated with the poor survival...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
Namju Kang, Jung Yun Kang, Soonhong Park, Dong Min Shin
Recent human genetic studies have shown that Gβ5 is related to various clinical symptoms, such as sinus bradycardia, cognitive disability, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Although the calcium signaling cascade is closely associated with a heterotrimeric G-protein, the function of Gβ5 in calcium signaling and its relevance to clinical symptoms remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the in vitro changes of store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) with exogenous expression of Gβ5. The cells expressing Gβ5 had enhanced SOCE after depletion of calcium ion inside the endoplasmic reticulum...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
Kyu Min Kim, Tharaka Wijerathne, Jin-Hoe Hur, Uk Jung Kang, Ihn Hyeong Kim, Yeong Cheon Kweon, Ah Reum Lee, Su Ji Jeong, Sang Kwon Lee, Yoon Young Lee, Bo-Woong Sim, Jong-Hee Lee, Chunggi Baig, Sun-Uk Kim, Kyu-Tae Chang, Kyu Pil Lee, Chan Young Park
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE), an important mechanism of Ca2+ signaling in a wide range of cell types, is mediated by stromal interaction molecule (STIM), which senses the depletion of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores and binds and activates Orai channels in the plasma membrane. This inside-out mechanism of Ca2+ signaling raises an interesting question about the evolution of SOCE: How did these two proteins existing in different cellular compartments evolve to interact with each other? We investigated the gating mechanism of Caenorhabditis elegans Orai channels...
April 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Hanting Fan, Huijie Huang, Li Hu, Wenjia Zhu, Yanfang Yu, Jiaqian Lou, Lingli Hu, Feng Chen
Calcium signaling and oxidative stress are tightly linked to cell cycle and cell death in response to a number of stress conditions. Recent study indicated that stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) is the endoplasmic reticulum calcium sensor. However, the regulatory mechanisms and the role of STIM1 in paraquat (PQ)-induced acute lung intoxication remain elusive. The aim of this study was to explore the molecular and cellular mechanisms of PQ induced acute intoxication in the lung, and further determine whether calcium signaling and reactive oxygen species (ROS) participate in the regulatory mechanism...
April 27, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Le Gui, Jinhui Zhu, Xiangru Lu, Stephen M Sims, Wei-Yang Lu, Peter B Stathopulos, Qingping Feng
Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) mediated by stromal interacting molecule-1 (STIM1) and Orai1 represents a major route of Ca2+ entry in mammalian cells and is initiated by STIM1 oligomerization in the endoplasmic or sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR). However, the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on STIM1 function are unknown. Neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) is located in the SR of cardiomyocytes. Here, we show that STIM1 is susceptible to S-nitrosylation. nNOS deficiency or inhibition enhanced Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ channel current (ICRAC ) and SOCE in cardiomyocytes...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
Mitsuhiro Nishimoto, Risuke Mizuno, Toshiro Fujita, Masashi Isshiki
In vascular endothelial cells, store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) activates endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and regulates nitric oxide (NO) production as well as flow-dependent mechanical stimuli. Stromal interaction molecule 1, or STIM1, was recently identified to be essential for SOCE, acting as a calcium sensor for intracellular calcium stores. However, how STIM1 affects endothelial function and blood pressure (BP) remains unclear. We generated STIM1 fl/fl mice and vascular endothelial cell-specific STIM1 knockout mice using the Cre-loxP system, and conducted experiments using these mice to clarify the physiological role of STIM1 in vascular endothelial function and BP as follows: (1) SOCE was analyzed in isolated aortic endothelial cells by calcium add-back with fluorescent Ca2+ indicators...
April 25, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Shu Li, Jingyi Xue, Zhipeng Sun, Tiantian Liu, Lane Zhang, Limin Wang, Hongjie You, Zheng Fan, Yuanyuan Zheng, Dali Luo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Upon Ca2+ store depletion, stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) oligomerizes, redistributes near plasmalemma to interact with Ca2+ selective channel-forming subunit (Orai1) and initiates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is a regulator of SOCE, but how CaMKII regulates SOCE remains obscure. METHODS: Using Fura2, confocal microscopy, co-immunoprecipitation, specific blocker and overexpression/knockdown approaches, we evaluated STIM1 aggregation and its interaction with Orai1, and SOCE upon Ca2+ store depletion in thapsigargin (TG) treated HEK293 and HeLa cells...
April 13, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Antonietta Liotti, Vincenzo Cosimato, Paola Mirra, Gaetano Calì, Domenico Conza, Agnese Secondo, Gelsomina Luongo, Daniela Terracciano, Pietro Formisano, Francesco Beguinot, Luigi Insabato, Luca Ulianich
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in industrialized countries. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that obesity promotes aggressive PCa. Recently, a family of Free Fatty Acid (FFA) receptors (FFARs) has been identified and reported to affect several crucial biological functions of tumor cells such as proliferation, invasiveness, and apoptosis. Here we report that oleic acid (OA), one of the most prevalent FFA in human plasma, increases proliferation of highly malignant PC3 and DU-145 PCa cells...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Noémie Emeriau, Marie de Clippele, Philippe Gailly, Nicolas Tajeddine
SOCE (Store-Operated Calcium Entry) is the main mechanism by which external Ca2+ enters into non-excitable cells after endoplasmic reticulum emptying. It is implicated in several processes such as proliferation and migration. Alterations in SOCE could initiate or support the development of hallmarks of cancer. In this project, we showed that disruption of the EGFR/ErbB2-dependent signalling by lapatinib and CP-724714, two inhibitors of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), dramatically reduced the amplitude of the SOCE in breast cancer cells...
March 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Jinhui Zhu, Xiangru Lu, Qingping Feng, Peter B Stathopulos
Store-operated calcium (Ca2+ ) entry (SOCE) is a major Ca2+ signaling pathway facilitating extracellular Ca2+ influx in response to the initial release of intracellular endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR) Ca2+ stores. Stromal interaction molecule-1 (STIM1) is the Ca2+ sensor which activates SOCE following ER/SR Ca2+ depletion. The EF-hand together with the adjacent sterile α motif (EFSAM) domains of STIM1 are essential for detecting changes in luminal Ca2+ concentrations. Low ER Ca2+ levels trigger STIM1 destabilization and oligomerization, culminating in the opening of Orai1-composed Ca2+ channels on the plasma membrane...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Esther López, L Gómez-Gordo, Carlos Cantonero, Nuria Bermejo, Jorge Pérez-Gómez, María P Granados, Gines M Salido, Juan A Rosado Dionisio, Pedro C Redondo Liberal
Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2) is a fish protein that controls body Ca2+ and phosphate metabolism. STC2 has also been described in mammals, and as platelet function highly depends on both extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ , we have explored its expression and function in these cells. STC2-/- mice exhibit shorter tail bleeding time than WT mice. Platelets from STC2-deficient mice showed enhanced aggregation, as well as enhanced Ca2+ mobilization in response to the physiological agonist thrombin (Thr) and the diacylglycerol analog, OAG, a selective activator of the non-capacitative Ca2+ entry channels...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Sarah Kircher, Maylin Merino-Wong, Barbara A Niemeyer, Dalia Alansary
Differentiation of naïve CD4+ T cells into effector subtypes with distinct cytokine profiles and physiological roles is a tightly regulated process, the imbalance of which can lead to an inadequate immune response or autoimmune disease. The crucial role of Ca2+ signals, mainly mediated by the store operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) in shaping the immune response is well described. However, it is unclear if human effector CD4+ T cell subsets show differential Ca2+ signatures in response to different stimulation methods...
April 4, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Agnese Secondo, Giacinto Bagetta, Diana Amantea
In both excitable and non-excitable cells, calcium (Ca2+ ) signals are maintained by a highly integrated process involving store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), namely the opening of plasma membrane (PM) Ca2+ channels following the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Upon depletion of Ca2+ store, the stromal interaction molecule (STIM) senses Ca2+ level reduction and migrates from endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-like sites to the PM where it activates the channel proteins Orai and/or the transient receptor potential channels (TRPC) prompting Ca2+ refilling...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
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