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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229292/laser-eustachian-tuboplasty-for-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-a-case-series-review
#1
REVIEW
Benjamin John Miller, Mustafa Jaafar, Hassan A Elhassan
The authors reviewed the literature regarding the safety and efficacy of Laser Eustachian Tuboplasty (LETP) in the treatment of Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). Medline via Pubmed, OvidSP and Science Direct were consulted, with a supplementary manual review of citations. English language case series constituted a baseline for inclusion. Primary outcome measures were pre- and post-operative tympanometry, otoscopy findings, subjective symptoms and pure tone audiometry, and findings were stratified into short term (≤6 months) and long term (>6 months-5 years)...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224095/culturally-adapted-pictorial-screening-tool-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-new-approach
#2
Hemamali Perera, Kamal Chandima Jeewandara, Sudarshi Seneviratne, Chandima Guruge
AIM: To assess the performance of a newly designed, culturally adapted screening tool for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Items for the screening tool were modeled from already documented checklists and diagnostic criteria for ASD. Each item in text was paired with a photograph that illustrated the written content, which was in the 2 main local languages. The final product had 21 items and was named the pictorial autism assessment schedule (PAAS). Performance of PAAS was tested on a clinical sample of 18-48 mo old children, diagnosis naïve, presenting with developmental deficits...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220087/mental-state-understanding-in-children-with-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#3
Beatrix Lábadi, Anna M Beke
Impaired social functioning is a well-known outcome of individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Social deficits in nonliteral language comprehension, humor, social reasoning, and recognition of facial expression have all been documented in adults with agenesis of the corpus callosum. In the present study, we examined the emotional and mentalizing deficits that contributing to the social-cognitive development in children with isolated corpus callosum agenesia, including emotion recognition, theory of mind, executive function, working memory, and behavioral impairments as assessed by the parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219446/effective-knowledge-translation-approaches-and-practices-in-indigenous-health-research-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Melody E Morton Ninomiya, Donna Atkinson, Simon Brascoupé, Michelle Firestone, Nicole Robinson, Jeff Reading, Carolyn P Ziegler, Raglan Maddox, Janet K Smylie
BACKGROUND: Effective knowledge translation (KT) is critical to implementing program and policy changes that require shared understandings of knowledge systems, assumptions, and practices. Within mainstream research institutions and funding agencies, systemic and insidious inequities, privileges, and power relationships inhibit Indigenous peoples' control, input, and benefits over research. This systematic review will examine literature on KT initiatives in Indigenous health research to help identify wise and promising Indigenous KT practices and language in Canada and abroad...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217433/visual-analogue-scales-vas-measuring-instruments-for-the-documentation-of-symptoms-and-therapy-monitoring-in-cases-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-everyday-health-care-position-paper-of-the-german-society-of-allergology-aeda-and-the-german-society-of-allergy-and-clinical
#5
Ludger Klimek, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Tilo Biedermann, Jean Bousquet, Peter Hellings, Kirsten Jung, Hans Merk, Heidi Olze, Wolfgang Schlenter, Philippe Stock, Johannes Ring, Martin Wagenmann, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Ralph Mösges, Oliver Pfaar
BACKROUND: Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control. VAS can also be used in routine patient history taking and to monitor the course of a chronic disease such as allergic rhinitis (AR). More specifically, the VAS has been used to assess effectiveness of AR therapy in real life, both in intermittent and persistent disease...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210452/ewing-sarcoma-of-the-oral-cavity-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Maria Margaix-Muñoz, José Bagán, Rafael Poveda-Roda
OBJECTIVES: A review is made of the clinical, diagnostic, therapeutic and survival characteristics of Ewing sarcoma (ES) of the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out, with restrictions referred to time (1960-2014), language (English and Spanish) and type of study (case reports, letters, datasets, reviews). The following MeSH terms and boolean operators were used: Ewing AND Sarcoma AND [tongue, jaw, maxilla, cheek, condyle OR temporomandibular, floor AND mouth, gum OR gingiva, palate OR palatal, lip, uvula, head AND neck]...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208133/how-truncating-are-truncating-languages-evidence-from-russian-and-german
#7
Tamara V Rathcke
Russian and German have pr eviously been described as 'truncating', or cutting off target frequencies of the phrase-final pitch trajectories when the time available for voicing is compromised. However, supporting evidence is rare and limited to only a few pitch categories. This paper reports a production study conducted to document pitch adjustments to linguistic materials, in which the amount of voicing available for the realization of a pitch pattern varies from relatively long to extremely short. Productions of nuclear H+L*, H* and L*+H pitch accents followed by a low boundary tone were investigated in the two languages...
2016: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207842/evaluating-evidence-based-health-care-teaching-and-learning-in-the-undergraduate-human-nutrition-occupational-therapy-physiotherapy-and-speech-language-and-hearing-therapy-programs-at-a-sub-saharan-african-academic-institution
#8
Anel Schoonees, Anke Rohwer, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: It is important that all undergraduate healthcare students are equipped with evidence-based health care (EBHC) knowledge and skills to encourage evidence-informed decision-making after graduation. We assessed EBHC teaching and learning in undergraduate human nutrition (HN); occupational therapy (OT); physiotherapy (PT); and speech, language and hearing therapy (SPLH) programs at a sub-Saharan African university. METHODS: We used methodological triangulation to obtain a comprehensive understanding of EBHC teaching and learning: (1) through a document review of module guides, we identified learning outcomes related to pre-specified EBHC competencies; we conducted (2) focus group discussions and interviews of lecturers to obtain their perspectives on EBHC and on EBHC teaching and learning; and we (3) invited final year students (2013) and 2012 graduates to complete an online survey on EBHC attitudes, self-perceived EBHC competence, and their experience of EBHC teaching and learning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207331/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sexual-minorities
#9
Billy A Caceres, Abraham Brody, Rachel E Luscombe, Jillian E Primiano, Peter Marusca, Edward M Sitts, Deborah Chyun
BACKGROUND: Mental health and HIV disparities are well documented among sexual minorities, but there is a dearth of research on other chronic conditions. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Although sexual minorities have high rates of several modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (including stress, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption), there is a paucity of research in this area. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we synthesized and critiqued the existing evidence on cardiovascular disease among sexual minority adults...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205204/the-score-family-assessment-questionnaire-a-decade-of-progress
#10
Alan Carr, Peter Stratton
This paper reviews a decade of research (2006-2016) on a family assessment instrument called the Systemic Clinical Outcome and Routine Evaluation (SCORE). The SCORE was developed in Europe to monitor progress and outcome in systemic therapy and has been adopted by the European Family Therapy Association as the main instrument for assessing the outcome in systemic family and couple therapy. There are currently six main versions of this instrument: SCORE-40, SCORE-15, SCORE-28, SCORE-29, Child SCORE-15, and Relational SCORE-15...
February 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203249/autism-spectrum-disorder-detection-from-semi-structured-and-unstructured-medical-data
#11
Jianbo Yuan, Chester Holtz, Tristram Smith, Jiebo Luo
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that significantly impairs patients' ability to perform normal social interaction and communication. Moreover, the diagnosis procedure of ASD is highly time-consuming, labor-intensive, and requires extensive expertise. Although there exists no known cure for ASD, there is consensus among clinicians regarding the importance of early intervention for the recovery of ASD patients. Therefore, to benefit autism patients by enhancing their access to treatments such as early intervention, we aim to develop a robust machine learning-based system for autism detection by using Natural Language Processing techniques based on information extracted from medical forms of potential ASD patients...
December 2017: EURASIP Journal on Bioinformatics & Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201833/language-specific-attention-treatment-for-aphasia-description-and-preliminary-findings
#12
Richard K Peach, Meghana R Nathan, Katherine M Beck
The need for a specific, language-based treatment approach to aphasic impairments associated with attentional deficits is well documented. We describe language-specific attention treatment, a specific skill-based approach for aphasia that exploits increasingly complex linguistic tasks that focus attention. The program consists of eight tasks, some with multiple phases, to assess and treat lexical and sentence processing. Validation results demonstrate that these tasks load on six attentional domains: (1) executive attention; (2) attentional switching; (3) visual selective attention/processing speed; (4) sustained attention; (5) auditory-verbal working memory; and (6) auditory processing speed...
February 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198578/stories-of-change-the-text-analysis-of-handovers-in-an-italian-psychiatric-residential-care-home
#13
M Accordini, E Saita, F Irtelli, M Buratti, G Saluto
: Handovers assure a timely and correct information transfer while socializing workers to the service's culture, however no study describes them as instruments to document organizational change and only a few have focused on psychiatric settings. AIM: To investigate the change in the culture of an Italian psychiatric residential care home as perceived by its Mental Health Workers (MHWs) over the course of two decades. METHOD: Emotional Text Analysis (ETA) was used to analyze the MHWs' handovers completed from 1990 to 2011...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197135/cloning-and-characterization-of-the-autoinducer-synthase-gene-from-lipid-degrading-bacterium-cedecea-neteri
#14
Kian-Hin Tan, Kah-Yan How, Jia-Yi Tan, Wai-Fong Yin, Kok-Gan Chan
The process of intercellular communication among bacteria, termed quorum sensing (QS), is mediated by small diffusible molecules known as the autoinducers. QS allows the population to react to the change of cell density in unison, in processes such as biofilm formation, plasmid conjugation, virulence, motility and root nodulation. In Gram-negative proteobacteria, N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) is the common "language" to coordinate gene expression. This signaling molecule is usually synthesized by LuxI-type proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187407/synthetic-biology-open-language-sbol-version-2-1-0
#15
Jacob Beal, Robert Sidney Cox, Raik Grünberg, James McLaughlin, Tramy Nguyen, Bryan Bartley, Michael Bissell, Kiri Choi, Kevin Clancy, Chris Macklin, Curtis Madsen, Goksel Misirli, Ernst Oberortner, Matthew Pocock, Nicholas Roehner, Meher Samineni, Michael Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Zach Zundel, John Gennari, Chris Myers, Herbert Sauro, Anil Wipat
Synthetic biology builds upon the techniques and successes of genetics, molecular biology, and metabolic engineering by applying engineering principles to the design of biological systems. The field still faces substantial challenges, including long development times, high rates of failure, and poor reproducibility. One method to ameliorate these problems would be to improve the exchange of information about designed systems between laboratories. The Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL) has been developed as a standard to support the specification and exchange of biological design information in synthetic biology, filling a need not satisfied by other pre-existing standards...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186017/storing-and-querying-longitudinal-data-sets-in-an-open-source-ehr
#16
John Chelsom, Naveed Dogar
The cityEHR is an example of an open source EHR system which stores clinical data as collections of XML documents. The records gathered in routine clinical care are a rich source of longitudinal data for use in clinical studies. We describe how the standard language XQuery can be used to identify cohorts of patients, matching specified criteria. We discuss methods for ensuring good data quality and the issues in implementing XML queries on longitudinal data sets.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181847/international-service-learning-and-interprofessional-education-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-phenomenology-study-with-students-from-four-professions
#17
Audrey M Johnson, Dana M Howell
Combined international service learning (ISL) and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences can move health professional student learning beyond the traditional confines of the classroom and outside uniprofessional ethos. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the shared experience of health professional students participating in an ISL trip to a small community in Ecuador. The study focused on the learning and collaboration that occurred among students from multiple health professions during the trip and the cross-cultural exchange between the students and the patients in Ecuador...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166464/implementation-of-a-pharmacy-consult-to-reduce-co-prescribing-of-opioids-and-benzodiazepines-in-a-veteran-population
#18
Deborah Pardo, Lacey Miller, Dana Chiulli
BACKGROUND: The dangers of co-administration of opioid pain relievers (OPRs) and benzodiazepines (BZDs) are well documented. The combination of OPRs and BZDs make up the majority of medications involved in prescription drug-related overdose and are often used concomitantly. This pattern is consistent among the Veteran population where mental health illness and substance abuse are prominent. The Veterans Health Administration implemented the Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI) aimed at improving patient safety surrounding OPRs...
February 6, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165540/attitudes-towards-organ-donation-and-relation-to-wish-to-donate-posthumously
#19
Julius Weiss, David Shaw, Roger Schober, Viviana Abati, Franz F Immer, Comité National du Don d'Organes Cndo
BACKGROUND: Organs donated for transplantation remain a scarce resource in Switzerland. One of the reasons for this situation is the high percentage of patients or families who refuse to consent to donation. This study aimed to provide an overview of attitudes towards organ donation among Swiss residents, including any intention to donate organs after death, and whether they had already declared their wish and/or communicated it to anyone. METHODS: A representative poll investigating the attitude of the Swiss population towards deceased organ donation was conducted between 16 and 28 March 2015...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165418/participatory-democracy-community-organizing-and-the-community-assessment-of-freeway-exposure-and-health-cafeh-partnership
#20
Linda Sprague Martinez, Ellin Reisner, Maria Campbell, Doug Brugge
Background: Conflicting interests, power imbalance and relationships characterized by distrust are just a few of the many challenges community-academic research partnerships face. In addition, the time it takes to build relationships is often overlooked, which further complicates matters and can leave well-intentioned individuals re-creating oppressive conditions through inauthentic partnerships. This paper presents a novel approach of using meeting minutes to explore partnership dynamics. The Community Assessment of Freeway Exposure and Health (CAFEH) partnership is used as an illustrative case study to identify how community academic partnerships overcome the challenges associated with community-based participatory research (CBPR)...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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