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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529185/care-2013-explanations-and-elaborations-reporting-guidelines-for-case-reports
#1
David S Riley, Melissa S Barber, Gunver S Kienle, Jeffry Aronson, Tido von Schoen-Angerer, Peter Tugwell, Helmut Kiene, Mark Helfand, Douglas G Altman, Harold Sox, Paul G Werthmann, David Moher, Richard A Rison, Larissa Shamseer, Christian A Koch, Gordon H Sun, Patrick Hanaway, Cleveland Clinic, Nancy L Sudak, Marietta Kaszkin-Bettag, Joel J Gagnier
Well-written and transparent case reports (1) reveal early signals of potential benefits, harms, and information on the use of resources; (2) provide information for clinical research and clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), and (3) inform medical education. High-quality case reports are more likely when authors follow reporting guidelines. During 2011-2012 a group of clinicians, researchers, and journal editors developed recommendations for the accurate reporting of information in case reports that resulted in the CARE (CAse REport) Statement and Checklist...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522229/patient-centered-communication-in-digital-medical-encounters
#2
Jordan M Alpert, Karen E Dyer, Jennifer Elston Lafata
OBJECTIVE: Patients are increasingly using the secure messaging function available through online patient portals to communicate with their health care providers, yet little is known about the characteristics of conversations that occur. The goal of this study is to describe the types of messages initiated by patients communicating via patient portals and to assess whether providers employ patient-centered strategies in their electronic responses. DESIGN: A total of 193 messages from 58 message threads between patients and providers were collected during a one-week period in a large health care system...
May 2, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522141/venous-to-arterial-carbon-dioxide-difference-in-the-resuscitation-of-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-a-systematic-review
#3
J J Diaztagle Fernández, J C Rodríguez Murcia, J J Sprockel Díaz
INTRODUCTION: The way to assess tissue perfusion during the resuscitation of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock is a current subject of research and debate. Venous oxygen saturation and lactate concentration have been the most frequently used criteria, though they involve known limitations. The venous-to-arterial difference of carbon dioxide (pCO2 delta) is a parameter than can be used to indicate tissue perfusion, and its determination therefore may be useful in these patients...
May 15, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520985/warning-statements-and-safety-practices-among-manufacturers-and-distributors-of-electronic-cigarette-liquids-in-the-united-states
#4
Pebbles Fagan, Pallav Pokhrel, Thaddeus A Herzog, Mignonne C Guy, Kari-Lyn K Sakuma, Dennis R Trinidad, Kevin Cassel, Dorothy Jorgensen, Tania Lynch, Jamie Q Felicitas-Perkins, Sherilyn Palafox, Faith Hamamura, Sarah Maloney, Kaylah Degree, Kymberle Sterling, Eric Moolchan, Mark S Clanton, Thomas Eissenberg
Introduction.: Prior to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) regulation of electronic cigarettes and warning statements related to nicotine addiction, there was no critical examination of manufacturer/distributor voluntary practices that could potentially inform FDA actions aimed to protect consumers. This study examined the content of warning statements and safety characteristics of electronic cigarette liquid bottles using a national sample. Methods.: Research staff randomly selected four electronic cigarette liquid manufacturers/distributors from four U...
May 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516471/topical-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-analgesia-in-traumatic-corneal-abrasions
#5
REVIEW
Abel Wakai, John G Lawrenson, Annali L Lawrenson, Yongjun Wang, Michael D Brown, Michael Quirke, Omar Ghandour, Ryan McCormick, Cathal D Walsh, Ahmed Amayem, Eddy Lang, Nick Harrison
BACKGROUND: Traumatic corneal abrasions are relatively common and there is a lack of consensus about analgesia in their management. It is therefore important to document the clinical efficacy and safety profile of topical ophthalmic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the management of traumatic corneal abrasions. OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of topical NSAIDs with placebo or any alternative analgesic interventions in adults with traumatic corneal abrasions (including corneal abrasions arising from foreign body removal), to reduce pain, and its effects on healing time...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509894/swallowing-induced-supraventricular-tachyarrhythmia
#6
Umair Khalid, Ali Massumi, Aziz Shaibani
Swallowing-induced supraventricular tachyarrhythmia is an extremely rare entity with unclear pathophysiology. A 55-year-old man presented with a 2-year history of worsening presyncopal symptoms triggered only by drinking liquids of any temperature. Results of a physical examination were unremarkable except for reproducible atrial tachycardias to 180 to 210 beats/minute documented on rhythm strips when the patient was given water to drink. He underwent radiofrequency ablation with complete resolution of symptoms...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508772/concept-based-retrieval-from-critical-incident-reports
#7
Kerstin Denecke
BACKGROUND: Critical incident reporting systems (CIRS) are used as a means to collect anonymously entered information of incidents that occurred for example in a hospital. Analyzing this information helps to identify among others problems in the workflow, in the infrastructure or in processes. OBJECTIVES: The entire potential of these sources of experiential knowledge remains often unconsidered since retrieval of relevant reports and their analysis is difficult and time-consuming, and the reporting systems often do not provide support for these tasks...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507380/malaria-and-diabetes
#8
Sanjay Kalra, Deepak Khandelwal, Rajiv Singla, Sameer Aggarwal, Deep Dutta
Both malaria and diabetes are more common in the developing world, and are major public health challenges. A direct relationship between these 2 conditions has not been evaluated. This review article assessed the literature guaging the relationship between these two conditions, and suggests a pragmatic approach to management. References for this review were identified through searches of PubMed, Medline, and Embase for articles published to October 2016 using the terms "diabetes" [MeSH Terms] AND "malaria" [All Fields]...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503656/communication-bridge-a-pilot-feasibility-study-of-internet-based-speech-language-therapy-for-individuals-with-progressive-aphasia
#9
Emily J Rogalski, Marie Saxon, Hannah McKenna, Christina Wieneke, Alfred Rademaker, Marya E Corden, Kathryn Borio, M-Marsel Mesulam, Becky Khayum
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with aphasia symptoms due to neurodegenerative dementia are under-referred for speech-language therapy (SLT) services. We sought to determine the feasibility of utilizing telepractice, via Internet video conferencing, to connect an individual with progressive aphasia due to dementia to a speech-language pathologist for treatment. METHODS: Participants received an Initial Evaluation, 8 person-centered Internet-based SLT sessions and two Post-Therapy Evaluations...
November 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497442/-myths-and-evidence-on-the-use-of-botulinum-toxin-spasticity-in-adults-and-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
J C Martinez-Castrillo, J L Pena-Segura, P Sanz-Cartagena, X Alonso-Curco, J M Arbelo-Gonzalez, G Arriola-Pereda, M D Coll-Bosch, J A Conejero-Casares, A Garcia-Ribes, S Jauma-Classen, J Pagonabarraga, J Vidal-Valls, P J Garcia-Ruiz
INTRODUCTION: Spasticity is a medical problem with a high incidence that significantly impact on the quality of life of patients and their families. AIM: To analyze and to answer different questions about the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) in our clinical practice. DEVELOPMENT: A group of experts in neurology develop a list of topics related with the use of BTA. Two big groups were considered: spasticity in adults and in children with cerebral palsy...
May 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495146/neonatal-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-infarction-size-is-associated-with-long-term-language-outcomes
#11
Kristen L Benninger, Lynne Ruess, Laurel A Slaughter, Nathalie L Maitre, Jerome A Rusin
BACKGROUND: The vein of Labbé is a superficial cortical vein, which drains the lateral surface of the temporal lobe. Thrombosis of the vein of Labbé can occur in the neonatal period. The developmental outcomes of infants who had vein of Labbé thrombosis are unknown as few studies of outcomes exist. METHODS: We completed a retrospective review of infants born ≥34 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with vein of Labbé thrombosis, and/or infarction on neuroimaging during the first 30 days of life...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494263/zipf-s-law-of-abbreviation-and-the-principle-of-least-effort-language-users-optimise-a-miniature-lexicon-for-efficient-communication
#12
Jasmeen Kanwal, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson, Simon Kirby
The linguist George Kingsley Zipf made a now classic observation about the relationship between a word's length and its frequency; the more frequent a word is, the shorter it tends to be. He claimed that this "Law of Abbreviation" is a universal structural property of language. The Law of Abbreviation has since been documented in a wide range of human languages, and extended to animal communication systems and even computer programming languages. Zipf hypothesised that this universal design feature arises as a result of individuals optimising form-meaning mappings under competing pressures to communicate accurately but also efficiently-his famous Principle of Least Effort...
May 8, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493934/taking-stock-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-scoping-review
#13
Kelsey Lucyk, Lindsay McLaren
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the social determinants of health (SDOH) has gained increasing prominence as a foundational concept for population and public health in academic literature and policy documents, internationally. However, alongside its widespread dissemination, and in light of multiple conceptual models, lists, and frameworks, some dilution and confusion is apparent. This scoping review represents an attempt to take stock of SDOH literature in the context of contemporary population and public health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493217/what-is-the-mid-term-failure-rate-of-revision-acl-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#14
Alberto Grassi, Christopher Kim, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Stefano Zaffagnini, Annunziato Amendola
BACKGROUND: When anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction fails, a revision procedure may be performed to improve knee function, correct instability, and allow return to activities. The results of revision ACL reconstruction have been reported to produce good but inferior patient-reported and objective outcomes compared with primary ACL reconstruction, but the degree to which this is the case varies widely among published studies and may be influenced by heterogeneity of patients, techniques, and endpoints assessed...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489282/collaborative-writing-applications-in-healthcare-effects-on-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Patrick M Archambault, Tom H van de Belt, Craig Kuziemsky, Ariane Plaisance, Audrey Dupuis, Carrie A McGinn, Rebecca Francois, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Alexis F Turgeon, Tanya Horsley, William Witteman, Julien Poitras, Jean Lapointe, Kevin Brand, Jean Lachaine, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Collaborative writing applications (CWAs), such as wikis and Google Documents, hold the potential to improve the use of evidence in both public health and healthcare. Although a growing body of literature indicates that CWAs could have positive effects on healthcare, such as improved collaboration, behavioural change, learning, knowledge management, and adaptation of knowledge to local context, this has never been assessed systematically. Moreover, several questions regarding safety, reliability, and legal aspects exist...
May 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485074/integrated-and-implicit-how-residents-learn-canmeds-roles-by-participating-in-practice
#16
Nienke Renting, A N Janet Raat, Tim Dornan, Etienne Wenger-Trayner, Martha A van der Wal, Jan C C Borleffs, Rijk O B Gans, A Debbie C Jaarsma
CONTEXT: Learning outcomes for residency training are defined in competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS framework, which ultimately aim to better prepare residents for their future tasks. Although residents' training relies heavily on learning through participation in the workplace under the supervision of a specialist, it remains unclear how the CanMEDS framework informs practice-based learning and daily interactions between residents and supervisors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore how the CanMEDS framework informs residents' practice-based training and interactions with supervisors...
May 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484022/biological-origins-of-color-categorization
#17
Alice E Skelton, Gemma Catchpole, Joshua T Abbott, Jenny M Bosten, Anna Franklin
The biological basis of the commonality in color lexicons across languages has been hotly debated for decades. Prior evidence that infants categorize color could provide support for the hypothesis that color categorization systems are not purely constructed by communication and culture. Here, we investigate the relationship between infants' categorization of color and the commonality across color lexicons, and the potential biological origin of infant color categories. We systematically mapped infants' categorical recognition memory for hue onto a stimulus array used previously to document the color lexicons of 110 nonindustrialized languages...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482683/problem-solving-styles-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-development-of-higher-cognitive-functions
#18
Paul A Constable, Melanie Ring, Sebastian B Gaigg, Dermot M Bowler
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation between language and thought that are pertinent to development in autism. Our aim was to document the performance of adults with autism spectrum disorder on the Vygotsky Blocks Test, and our results showed that they made more errors than the typically developing participants and that these errors correlated with performance IQ...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473509/why-do-patients-seek-primary-medical-care-in-emergency-departments-an-ethnographic-exploration-of-access-to-general-practice
#20
Fiona MacKichan, Emer Brangan, Lesley Wye, Kath Checkland, Daniel Lasserson, Alyson Huntley, Richard Morris, Peter Tammes, Chris Salisbury, Sarah Purdy
OBJECTIVES: To describe how processes of primary care access influence decisions to seek help at the emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Ethnographic case study combining non-participant observation, informal and formal interviewing. SETTING: Six general practitioner (GP) practices located in three commissioning organisations in England. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Reception areas at each practice were observed over the course of a working week (73 hours in total)...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
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