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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055147/cognitive-function-among-long-term-survivors-of-heart-transplantation
#1
Britta S Bürker, Einar Gude, Lars Gullestad, Ingelin Grov, Anne Relbo Authen, Arne K Andreassen, Odd E Havik, Mary Amanda Dew, Arnt E Fiane, Ira R Haraldsen, Ulrik F Malt, Stein Andersson
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is documented early after heart transplantation (HTx), but we lack data on cognitive function beyond the fourth year posttransplant. Against the background of good long-term survival, this knowledge is necessary to improve clinical care throughout the entire posttransplant period. METHODS: We assessed cognitive function with a neuropsychological test battery in a sample of HTx recipients ≥16 years posttransplant. To improve clinical utility, we also applied adapted consensus criteria for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055129/desmopressin-for-treating-nocturia-in-men
#2
REVIEW
Julia Han, Jae Hung Jung, Caitlin J Bakker, Mark H Ebell, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Nocturia is the bothersome symptom of awakening one or more times per night to void. Desmopressin is a commonly used medication for treating nocturia. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of desmopressin as compared to other interventions in the treatment of nocturia in men. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of medical literature with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases was August 2017...
October 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052348/shank3-deficient-rats-exhibit-degraded-cortical-responses-to-sound
#3
Crystal T Engineer, Kimiya C Rahebi, Michael S Borland, Elizabeth P Buell, Kwok W Im, Linda G Wilson, Pryanka Sharma, Sven Vanneste, Hala Harony-Nicolas, Joseph D Buxbaum, Michael P Kilgard
Individuals with SHANK3 mutations have severely impaired receptive and expressive language abilities. While brain responses are known to be abnormal in these individuals, the auditory cortex response to sound has remained largely understudied. In this study, we document the auditory cortex response to speech and non-speech sounds in the novel Shank3-deficient rat model. We predicted that the auditory cortex response to sounds would be impaired in Shank3-deficient rats. We found that auditory cortex responses were weaker in Shank3 heterozygous rats compared to wild-type rats...
October 20, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051682/rapid-recovery-from-aphasia-after-infarction-of-wernicke-s-area
#4
Stephanie A Yagata, Melodie Yen, Angelica McCarron, Alexa Bautista, Genevieve Lamair-Orosco, Stephen M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Aphasia following infarction of Wernicke's area typically resolves to some extent over time. The nature of this recovery process and its time course have not been characterized in detail, especially in the acute/subacute period. AIMS: The goal of this study was to document recovery after infarction of Wernicke's area in detail in the first 3 months after stroke. Specifically, we aimed to address two questions about language recovery. First, which impaired language domains improve over time, and which do not? Second, what is the time course of recovery? METHODS & PROCEDURES: We used quantitative analysis of connected speech and a brief aphasia battery to document language recovery in two individuals with aphasia following infarction of the posterior superior temporal gyrus...
2017: Aphasiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042412/the-use-of-language-in-diabetes-care-and-education
#5
Jane K Dickinson, Susan J Guzman, Melinda D Maryniuk, Catherine A O'Brian, Jane K Kadohiro, Richard A Jackson, Nancy D'Hondt, Brenda Montgomery, Kelly L Close, Martha M Funnell
Language is powerful and can have a strong impact on perceptions as well as behavior. A task force, consisting of representatives from the American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA), convened to discuss language in diabetes care and education. This document represents the expert opinion of the task force. The literature supports the need for a language movement in diabetes care and education. There are effective ways of communicating about diabetes. This article provides recommendations for language used by health care professionals and others when discussing diabetes through spoken or written words-whether directed to people with diabetes, colleagues, or the general public, as well as research questions related to language and diabetes...
October 17, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039969/clinical-outcomes-and-failure-rates-of-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-in-the-knee-a-systematic-review
#6
Filippo Familiari, Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla, Jonathan A Godin, Morten Lykke Olesen, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Cartilage lesions are a significant cause of morbidity and impaired knee function; however, cartilage repair procedures have failed to reproduce native cartilage to date. Thus, osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation represents a 1-step procedure to repair large chondral defects without the donor site morbidity of osteochondral autograft transplantation. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of clinical outcomes and failure rates after OCA transplantation in the knee at a minimum mean 2 years' follow-up...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039370/de-identification-of-medical-narrative-data
#7
Vasiliki Foufi, Christophe Gaudet-Blavignac, Raphaël Chevrier, Christian Lovis
Maintaining data security and privacy in an era of cybersecurity is a challenge. The enormous and rapidly growing amount of health-related data available today raises numerous questions about data collection, storage, analysis, comparability and interoperability but also about data protection. The US Health Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 provides a legal framework and a guidance for using and disclosing health data. Practically, the approach proposed by HIPAA is the de-identification of medical documents by removing certain Protected Health Information (PHI)...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038097/recommending-education-materials-for-diabetic-questions-using-information-retrieval-approaches
#8
Yuqun Zeng, Xusheng Liu, Yanshan Wang, Feichen Shen, Sijia Liu, Majid Rastegar-Mojarad, Liwei Wang, Hongfang Liu
BACKGROUND: Self-management is crucial to diabetes care and providing expert-vetted content for answering patients' questions is crucial in facilitating patient self-management. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to investigate the use of information retrieval techniques in recommending patient education materials for diabetic questions of patients. METHODS: We compared two retrieval algorithms, one based on Latent Dirichlet Allocation topic modeling (topic modeling-based model) and one based on semantic group (semantic group-based model), with the baseline retrieval models, vector space model (VSM), in recommending diabetic patient education materials to diabetic questions posted on the TuDiabetes forum...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036317/quality-of-local-school-wellness-policies-for-physical-activity-and-resultant-implementation-in-pennsylvania-schools
#9
E Francis, E Hivner, A Hoke, T Ricci, A Watach, J Kraschnewski
Background: In 2006, United States public schools participating in federal school meal programs were required to adopt school wellness policies. The effect of these policies on school nutrition environments is well documented; however, evaluation of physical activity policies has received less investigation. We aimed to evaluate how district wellness policies aligned to practice for physical activity implementation in 40 schools with high obesity rates (>24%). Methods: Wellness policies were evaluated using the validated Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036277/pyseqlab-an-open-source-python-package-for-sequence-labeling-and-segmentation
#10
Ahmed Allam, Michael Krauthammer
Motivation: Text and genomic data are composed of sequential tokens, such as words and nucleotides that give rise to higher order syntactic constructs. In this work, we aim at providing a comprehensive Python library implementing conditional random fields (CRFs), a class of probabilistic graphical models, for robust prediction of these constructs from sequential data. Results: Python Sequence Labeling (PySeqLab) is an open source package for performing supervised learning in structured prediction tasks...
July 21, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032849/mapping-the-landscape-of-patient-centric-activities-within-clinical-research
#11
Mary Jo Lamberti, Josephine Awatin
PURPOSE: Although there has been more involvement by patients in the drug-development process, there are not a lot of published data that quantify patient-centric activities or that document these activities across a large scale. In order to examine the patient-centricity landscape and to quantify the adoption and implementation of these initiatives, the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development and the Drug Information Association collaborated on a research study. The study examined patient-centric activities implemented by pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and contract research organizations, as well as activities being piloted or in the planning stages...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030413/patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-patients-with-meniscal-tears-a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties-and-evaluation-with-the-cosmin-checklist
#12
Simon Gf Abram, Robert Middleton, David J Beard, Andrew J Price, Sally Hopewell
OBJECTIVE: Meniscal tears occur frequently in the population and the most common surgical treatment, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy, is performed in approximately two million cases worldwide each year. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarise and critically appraise the evidence for the use of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in patients with meniscal tears. DESIGN: A systematic review was undertaken. Data on reported measurement properties were extracted and the quality of the studies appraised according to Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023243/pediatric-auditory-brainstem-implantation-surgical-electrophysiologic-and-behavioral-outcomes
#13
Holly F B Teagle, Lillian Henderson, Shuman He, Matthew G Ewend, Craig A Buchman
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to demonstrate the safety of auditory brainstem implant (ABI) surgery and document the subsequent development of auditory and spoken language skills in children without neurofibromatosis type II (NFII). DESIGN: A prospective, single-subject observational study of ABI in children without NFII was undertaken at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Five children were enrolled under an investigational device exemption sponsored by the investigators...
October 11, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020435/blood-pressure-targets-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease
#14
REVIEW
Luis Carlos Saiz, Javier Gorricho, Javier Garjón, Mª Concepción Celaya, Lourdes Muruzábal, Mª Del Mar Malón, Rodolfo Montoya, Antonio López
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a prominent preventable cause of premature morbidity and mortality. People with hypertension and established cardiovascular disease are at particularly high risk, so reducing blood pressure below standard targets may be beneficial. This strategy could reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity but could also increase adverse events. The optimal blood pressure target in people with hypertension and established cardiovascular disease remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine if 'lower' blood pressure targets (≤ 135/85 mmHg) are associated with reduction in mortality and morbidity as compared with 'standard' blood pressure targets (≤ 140 to 160/ 90 to 100 mmHg) in the treatment of people with hypertension and a history of cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, peripheral vascular occlusive disease)...
October 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019456/introduction-paving-the-old-new-way-from-qing-to-china
#15
Ori Sela
The funeral procession of Sheng Xuanhuai (, 1844-1916) - the renowned Qing scholar-official, financier, and "father of Chinese industrialism" - meandered through the streets of Shanghai on 18 November 1917. The funeral was a grand event, one that was purportedly documented in film, later to be distributed as the first "news short-film" () in China. The North China Herald reported on the event in some detail, at times in rather florid language, and suggested that "the cortege was splendid and impressive, bringing back the days of the Manchu emperors...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017443/a-new-synonym-substitution-method-to-enrich-the-human-phenotype-ontology
#16
Maria Taboada, Hadriana Rodriguez, Ranga C Gudivada, Diego Martinez
BACKGROUND: Named entity recognition is critical for biomedical text mining, where it is not unusual to find entities labeled by a wide range of different terms. Nowadays, ontologies are one of the crucial enabling technologies in bioinformatics, providing resources for improved natural language processing tasks. However, biomedical ontology-based named entity recognition continues to be a major research problem. RESULTS: This paper presents an automated synonym-substitution method to enrich the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) with new synonyms...
October 10, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016825/nlpreviz-an-interactive-tool-for-natural-language-processing-on-clinical-text
#17
Gaurav Trivedi, Phuong Pham, Wendy W Chapman, Rebecca Hwa, Janyce Wiebe, Harry Hochheiser
The gap between domain experts and natural language processing expertise is a barrier to extracting understanding from clinical text. We describe a prototype tool for interactive review and revision of natural language processing models of binary concepts extracted from clinical notes. We evaluated our prototype in a user study involving 9 physicians, who used our tool to build and revise models for 2 colonoscopy quality variables. We report changes in performance relative to the quantity of feedback. Using initial training sets as small as 10 documents, expert review led to final F1 scores for the "appendiceal-orifice" variable between 0...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990857/the-role-of-regional-heterogeneity-in-age-related-differences-in-functional-hemispheric-asymmetry-an-fmri-study
#18
Jiamin Gladys Heng, Chiao-Yi Wu, Josephine Astrid Archer, Makoto Miyakoshi, Toshiharu Nakai, Shen-Hsing Annabel Chen
Neuroimaging literature has documented age-related hemispheric asymmetry reduction in frontal regions during task performances. As most studies employed working memory paradigms, it is therefore less clear if this pattern of neural reorganization is constrained by working memory processes or it would also emerge in other cognitive domains which are predominantly lateralized. Using blocked functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the present study used a homophone judgment task and a line judgment task to investigate age-related differences in functional hemispheric asymmetry in language and visuospatial processing respectively...
October 9, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983268/strong-generative-capacity-and-the-empirical-base-of-linguistic-theory
#19
Dennis Ott
This Perspective traces the evolution of certain central notions in the theory of Generative Grammar (GG). The founding documents of the field suggested a relation between the grammar, construed as recursively enumerating an infinite set of sentences, and the idealized native speaker that was essentially equivalent to the relation between a formal language (a set of well-formed formulas) and an automaton that recognizes strings as belonging to the language or not. But this early view was later abandoned, when the focus of the field shifted to the grammar's strong generative capacity as recursive generation of hierarchically structured objects as opposed to strings...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981930/-report-of-a-case-with-14q12-triplication-and-literature-review-for-foxg1-related-diseases
#20
Fangfang Wang, Rong Luo, Bin Zhou, Tao Yu, Xiaolu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To report on the first case with chromosome 14q12 triplication involving the FOXG1 gene. METHODS: The clinical, radiological and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) data of a patient was analyzed, in addition with a literature review. RESULTS: The 9-year-old girl has suffered from severe psychomotor delay, infantile spasms, severe mental retardation, absent language, autistic spectrum disorders, impaired ambulation, poor functional hand use and microcephaly, which were considered as manifestation of FOXG1 related diseases...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
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