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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821280/methods-for-medical-device-and-equipment-procurement-and-prioritization-within-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-of-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Karin Diaconu, Yen-Fu Chen, Carole Cummins, Gabriela Jimenez Moyao, Semira Manaseki-Holland, Richard Lilford
BACKGROUND: Forty to 70 % of medical devices and equipment in low- and middle-income countries are broken, unused or unfit for purpose; this impairs service delivery to patients and results in lost resources. Undiscerning procurement processes are at the heart of this issue. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to August 2013 with no time or language restrictions to identify what product selection or prioritization methods are recommended or used for medical device and equipment procurement planning within low- and middle-income countries...
August 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820021/e-roster-policy-insights-and-implications-of-codifying-nurse-scheduling
#2
Robert G Drake
Following a decade of dissemination, particularly within the British National Health Service, electronic rostering systems were recently endorsed within the Carter Review. However, electronic rostering necessitates the formal codification of the roster process. This research investigates that codification through the lens of the 'Roster Policy', a formal document specifying the rules and procedures used to prepare staff rosters. This study is based upon analysis of 27 publicly available policies, each approved within a 4-year period from January 2010 to July 2014...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818116/distinct-white-matter-microstructural-abnormalities-and-extracellular-water-increases-relate-to-cognitive-impairment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-with-and-without-cerebrovascular-disease
#3
Fang Ji, Ofer Pasternak, Siwei Liu, Yng Miin Loke, Boon Linn Choo, Saima Hilal, Xin Xu, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Juan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Mixed vascular and neurodegenerative dementia, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) with concomitant cerebrovascular disease, has emerged as the leading cause of age-related cognitive impairment. The brain white matter (WM) microstructural changes in neurodegeneration well-documented by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can originate from brain tissue or extracellular free water changes. The differential microstructural and free water changes in AD with and without cerebrovascular disease, especially in normal-appearing WM, remain largely unknown...
August 17, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816337/a-bag-of-concepts-approach-for-biomedical-document-classification-using-wikipedia-knowledge-spanish-english-cross-language-case-study
#4
Marcos A Mouriño-García, Roberto Pérez-Rodríguez, Luis E Anido-Rifón
OBJECTIVES: The ability to efficiently review the existing literature is essential for the rapid progress of research. This paper describes a classifier of text documents, represented as vectors in spaces of Wikipedia concepts, and analyses its suitability for classification of Spanish biomedical documents when only English documents are available for training. We propose the cross-language concept matching (CLCM) technique, which relies on Wikipedia interlanguage links to convert concept vectors from the Spanish to the English space...
August 16, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815008/evaluation-of-medication-adherence-in-chronic-disease-at-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#5
Alvin B Oung, Emily Kosirog, Benjamin Chavez, Jason Brunner, Joseph J Saseen
BACKGROUND: While medication adherence in chronic disease has been evaluated in the general population, limited data are available among Medicaid recipients, especially within federally qualified health centers (FQHCs). This study determined baseline medication adherence for Medicaid recipients receiving care in an FQHC for first-line medications used in hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. Secondary outcomes included baseline adherence for individual patient factors. METHODS: Patients from the Salud Family Health Centers, an FQHC with a large percentage of both Spanish-speaking patients and providers, were included in this study...
August 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802365/exploring-reasons-for-late-identification-of-children-with-early-onset-hearing-loss
#6
Elizabeth M Fitzpatrick, Johnny Cesconetto Dos Santos, Viviane Grandpierre, JoAnne Whittingham
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that early identification of childhood hearing loss leads to better language outcomes. However, delays in the confirmation of hearing loss persist even in the presence of well-established universal newborn hearing screening programs (UNHS). The objective of this population-based study was to document the proportion of children who experienced delayed confirmation of congenital and early onset hearing loss in a UNHS program in one region of Canada...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799961/nurses-perceptions-of-psychosocial-care-and-barriers-to-its-provision-a-qualitative-study
#7
Cassandra Siyun Chen, Sally Wai-Chi Chan, Moon Fai Chan, Suk Foon Yap, Wenru Wang, Yanika Kowitlawakul
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial care is the culturally sensitive provision of psychological, social, and spiritual care through therapeutic communication. Current evidence suggests that effective psychosocial care improves patients' health outcomes and quality of life. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perceptions and experiences in providing psychosocial care to patients and to identify the related barriers and challenges. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design using semistructured, individual, face-to-face interviews was adopted...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796859/dialect-variation-of-copula-and-auxiliary-verb-be-african-american-english-speaking-children-with-and-without-gullah-geechee-heritage
#8
Jessica R Berry, Janna B Oetting
Purpose: We compared copula and auxiliary verb BE use by African American English-speaking children with and without a creole heritage, using Gullah/Geechee as the creole criterion, to determine if differences exist, the nature of the differences, and the impact of the differences on interpretations of ability. Method: Data came from 38 children, aged 5 to 6 years (19 with Gullah/Geechee and 19 without Gullah/Geechee heritage). All were developing language typically, with groups matched on gender, maternal education, and, when possible, test scores...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794548/informed-consent-process-foundation-of-the-researcher-participant-bond
#9
Amrita Sil, Nilay Kanti Das
Consenting to participate in a clinical research study after being properly and correctly informed upholds the basic ethical principle of "autonomy" in human research. The informed consent is a process by which the physician sensitizes the patient about the nature, procedures, risks benefits, treatment schedules, etc of the study in a language that is non-technical and understandable by the study participant. Informed consent document (ICD) has got two parts: the 'Subject Information Sheet' and the 'Informed Consent Form' (ICF); and they have to be approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) before administration...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792687/ols-client-and-ols-dialog-open-source-tools-to-annotate-public-omics-datasets
#10
Yasset Perez-Riverol, Tobias Ternent, Maximilian Koch, Harald Barsnes, Olga Vrousgou, Simon Jupp, Juan Antonio Vizcaíno
The availability of user-friendly software to annotate biological datasets and experimental details is becoming essential in data management practices, both in local storage systems and in public databases. The Ontology Lookup Service (OLS, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols) is a popular centralized service to query, browse and navigate biomedical ontologies and controlled vocabularies. Recently, the OLS framework has been completely redeveloped (version 3.0), including enhancements in the data model, like the added support for Web Ontology Language (OWL)-based ontologies, among many other improvements...
August 9, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791043/systematic-review-outcomes-by-duration-of-npo-status-prior-to-colonoscopy
#11
REVIEW
Aasma Shaukat, Ashish Malhotra, Nancy Greer, Roderick MacDonald, Joseph Wels, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Variation exists among anesthesia providers as to acceptable timing of NPO ("nothing by mouth") for elective colonoscopy procedures. There is a need to balance optimal colonic preparation, patient convenience, and scheduling efficiency with anesthesia safety concerns. We reviewed the evidence for the relationship between NPO timing and aspiration incidence and colonoscopy rescheduling. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (1990-April 2015) for English language studies of any design and included them if at least one bowel preparation regimen was completed within 8 hours of colonoscopy...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783808/recrudescence-of-deficits-after-stroke-clinical-and-imaging-phenotype-triggers-and-risk-factors
#12
Mehmet A Topcuoglu, Esen Saka, Scott B Silverman, Lee H Schwamm, Aneesh B Singhal
Importance: Reemergence of previous stroke-related deficits (or poststroke recrudescence [PSR]) is an underrecognized and inadequately characterized phenomenon. Objective: To investigate the clinical features, triggers, and risk factors for PSR. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study incorporated a crossover cohort study to identify triggers and a case-control study to identify risk factors. The study used the Massachusetts General Hospital Research Patient Data Repository to identify patients for the period January 1, 2000, to November 30, 2015, who had a primary or secondary diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain at least once, and whose inpatient or outpatient clinician note or discharge summary stated the term recrudescence...
August 7, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782098/measuring-generalised-expectancies-for-negative-mood-regulation-in-china-the-chinese-language-negative-mood-regulation-scale
#13
Guofang Wang, Jack Mearns, Xiaohui Yang, Peng Han, Salvatore J Catanzaro
Negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE) represent people's confidence that they can alleviate their negative affect or induce a positive emotional state through thought or action. NMRE predict coping behaviour and mood outcomes for individuals under stress. Since 1990, much research documents the reliability and validity of the English language Negative Mood Regulation (NMR) scale as a measure of NMRE. The current research reports two studies developing a Chinese language translation of the NMR (NMR-C) scale that goes beyond literal translation to be a culturally sensitive measure of NMRE in China...
August 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766372/role-of-event-centrality-and-emotion-regulation-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-internally-displaced-persons
#14
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
BACKGROUND: Event centrality and emotion regulation in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in various global samples especially in Western cultures; but internally displaced persons (IDPs) still constitute an underrepresented population in psychotraumatology literature. This study tested the roles of event centrality and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) in PTSD symptoms among IDPs in Nigeria. DESIGN: The multi-group cross-sectional design was adopted...
August 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764423/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-advancing-methods-for-analyzing-dialect-variation
#15
Cynthia G Clopper
Documenting and analyzing dialect variation is traditionally the domain of dialectology and sociolinguistics. However, modern approaches to acoustic analysis of dialect variation have their roots in Peterson and Barney's [(1952). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 24, 175-184] foundational work on the acoustic analysis of vowels that was published in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (JASA) over 6 decades ago. Although Peterson and Barney (1952) were not primarily concerned with dialect variation, their methods laid the groundwork for the acoustic methods that are still used by scholars today to analyze vowel variation within and across languages...
July 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759095/ready-for-residency-a-bloomian-analysis-of-competency-based-osteopathic-medical-education
#16
Kyle Rosenberger, Daniel Skinner, Jody Monk
Context: Bloom's Taxonomy is a widely accepted tool for analyzing learning objectives, creating assessment materials, and ensuring that students move progressively through various levels of knowledge and cognition. Competency-based osteopathic medical education has, to the authors' knowledge, yet to be subjected to systematic bloomian analysis. Objective: To advance a bloomian analysis of competencies published by the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and draw consequences of that analysis for undergraduate osteopathic medical education...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758203/haloperidol-for-psychosis-induced-aggression-or-agitation-rapid-tranquillisation
#17
REVIEW
Edoardo G Ostinelli, Melanie J Brooke-Powney, Xue Li, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Haloperidol used alone is recommended to help calm situations of aggression or agitation for people with psychosis. It is widely accessible and may be the only antipsychotic medication available in limited-resource areas. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether haloperidol alone is an effective treatment for psychosis-induced aggression or agitation, wherein clinicians are required to intervene to prevent harm to self and others. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (26th May 2016)...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756686/beyond-diagnosis-the-core-sets-for-persons-with-schizophrenia-based-on-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#18
Juana Gómez-Benito, Georgina Guilera, Maite Barrios, Emilio Rojo, Oscar Pino, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Nekane Balluerka, María Dolores Hidalgo, José Luis Padilla, Isabel Benítez, Melissa Selb
PURPOSE: Based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), this paper presents the results of the process to develop the Comprehensive and Brief Core Sets for schizophrenia that allow to comprehensively describe functioning in persons with schizophrenia. METHODS: Twenty health professionals from diverse backgrounds participated in a formal and iterative decision-making process during an international consensus conference to develop these Core Sets...
July 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756678/a-comparative-analysis-of-policies-addressing-rural-oral-health-in-eight-english-speaking-oecd-countries
#19
Leonard A Crocombe, Lynette R Goldberg, Erica Bell, Bastian Seidel
INTRODUCTON: Oral health is fundamental to overall health. Poor oral health is largely preventable but unacceptable inequalities exist, particularly for people in rural areas. The issues are complex. Rural populations are characterised by lower rates of health insurance, higher rates of poverty, less water fluoridation, fewer dentists and oral health specialists, and greater distances to access care. These factors inter-relate with educational, attitudinal, and system-level issues. An important area of enquiry is whether and how national oral health policies address causes and solutions for poor rural oral health...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755969/plant-based-remedies-for-wolf-bites-and-rituals-against-wolves-in-the-iberian-peninsula-therapeutic-opportunities-and-cultural-values-for-the-conservation-of-biocultural-diversity
#20
REVIEW
José A González, Ana Maria Carvalho, José Ramón Vallejo, Francisco Amich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Combined approaches to local knowledge and folk plant use improve awareness and promote effective strategies for the conservation of significant biocultural patrimony. Moreover, the information reported might be the basis for further appropriate phytochemical and pharmacological research. Therefore we provide an insight into traditional herbal remedies and practices for healing bite injuries in humans and domestic animals caused by the Iberian wolf. Wolf bites are associated with inflammatory processes and rabies is a potential complication AIMS: This paper describes and summarises the medicinal-veterinary empirical and ritual uses of the Iberian flora for wolf injuries and reviews the ethnopharmacological data of specific plants that are already published...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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