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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222964/east-meets-west-east-and-west-pioneers-of-anatomical-right-hepatectomy-period-of-dawn-to-establishment
#1
EDITORIAL
Atsushi Nanashima, Shun-Ichi Ariizumi, Masakazu Yamamoto
Right hepatectomy is a standard anatomical procedure used worldwide, and consists of two important steps: access to the portal pedicle at the hepatic hilus and approach through the right hepatic vein. With interest in the early work in the field of right hepatectomy, we searched for official documents, published not only in English but also non-English languages for insights on the history of the great work conducted by pioneer liver surgeons in the East and West. To discuss anatomical right hepatectomy, it is important to consider several issues, including liver anatomy, other anatomical liver resection procedures, control of vascular in-flow and out-flow, operative procedures or approaches, preoperative management and other related issues...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222570/narrative-language-sampling-in-typical-development-implications-for-clinical-trials
#2
Marie Moore Channell, Susan J Loveall, Frances A Conners, Danielle J Harvey, Leonard Abbeduto
Purpose: This study examined cross-sectional age-related trajectories of expressive language variables (syntactic complexity, lexical diversity, unintelligibility, dysfluency, and talkativeness) derived from a narrative language sampling procedure. Method: Narrative samples were analyzed from 103 typically developing individuals, ages 4-21 years. Results: Results showed that this procedure was effective for the entire age range, with participants producing an utterance on virtually every page of the wordless picture books used to prompt the narrative...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216263/roles-responsibilities-and-characteristics-of-lay-community-health-workers-involved-in-diabetes-prevention-programmes-a-systematic-review
#3
Jillian Hill, Nasheeta Peer, Brian Oldenburg, Andre Pascale Kengne
AIM: To examine the characteristics of community health workers (CHWs) involved in diabetes prevention programmes (DPPs) and their contributions to expected outcomes. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed-MEDLINE, EBSCOHost, and SCOPUS/EMBASE were searched for studies published between January 2000 and March 2016. All studies that used CHWs to implement DPP in ≥18-year-old participants without diabetes but at high risk for developing the condition, irrespective of the study design, setting or outcomes measured, were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214905/the-jungle-book-of-neuropsychology-disentangling-the-influence-of-feral-childhood-from-adult-brain-injury-in-order-to-provide-effective-rehabilitation
#4
C J McIntosh, A I W James
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This article considers the complexities of neuropsychological assessment and rehabilitation in brain injury when the client is illiterate, is from a foreign culture with English as a second language, and reports highly atypical childhood feral experiences prior to injury. METHOD: MC was a 63-year-old woman referred for neuropsychological rehabilitation with a diagnosis of suspected St Louis encephalitis and global cognitive impairment. In formulating her clinical presentation, consideration was given to a reported history of feral childhood living with monkeys in the Colombian jungle and subsequent physical and emotional abuse...
December 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212511/comparing-the-chinese-versions-of-two-knee-specific-questionnaires-ikdc-and-koos-reliability-validity-and-responsiveness
#5
Chien-Chih Huang, Wen-Shiang Chen, Mei-Wun Tsai, Wendy Tzyy-Jiuan Wang
BACKGROUND: The International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC) and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) are knee-specific questionnaires that have been widely used and translated into numerous languages. However, the differences in the psychometric properties between the Chinese IKDC and KOOS remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation of the Chinese IKDC and Chinese KOOS and to compare the psychometric properties of these two measures in patients with various knee injuries from the acute stage up to 12 weeks after receiving treatment...
December 6, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208328/different-approaches-for-identifying-important-concepts-in-probabilistic-biomedical-text-summarization
#6
Milad Moradi, Nasser Ghadiri
Automatic text summarization tools help users in the biomedical domain to acquire their intended information from various textual resources more efficiently. Some of biomedical text summarization systems put the basis of their sentence selection approach on the frequency of concepts extracted from the input text. However, it seems that exploring other measures rather than the raw frequency for identifying valuable contents within an input document, or considering correlations existing between concepts, may be more useful for this type of summarization...
December 2, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206578/wellness-in-sickness-and-health-the-w-i-s-h-project-advance-care-planning-preferences-and-experiences-among-elderly-latino-patients
#7
Lauren Y Maldonado, Ruth B Goodson, Matthew C Mulroy, Emily M Johnson, Jo M Reilly, Diana C Homeier
OBJECTIVE: To assess advance care planning (ACP) preferences, experiences, and comfort in discussing end-of-life (EOL) care among elderly Latinos. METHODS: Patients aged 60 and older from the Los Angeles County and University of Southern California (LAC+USC) Medical Center Geriatrics Clinic (n = 41) participated in this intervention. Trained staff conducted ACP counseling with participants in their preferred language, which included: (a) pre-counseling survey about demographics and EOL care attitudes, (b) discussion of ACP and optional completion of an advance directive (AD), and (c) post-session survey...
October 25, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204064/vaccinations-in-immunosuppressive-dependent-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
Huyen-Tran Nguyen, Phillip Minar, Kimberly Jackson, Patricia C Fulkerson
AIM: To determine the vaccination rates in pediatric immunosuppression-dependent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and review the safety and efficacy of vaccinations in this population. METHODS: The electronic medical records from October 2009 to December 2015 of patients diagnosed with IBD at 10 years of age or younger and prescribed anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) therapy were reviewed for clinical history, medication history, vaccination history, and hepatitis B and varicella titers...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203896/proteomic-analysis-of-postsynaptic-proteins-in-regions-of-the-human-neocortex
#9
Marcia Roy, Oksana Sorokina, Nathan Skene, Clémence Simonnet, Francesca Mazzo, Ruud Zwart, Emanuele Sher, Colin Smith, J Douglas Armstrong, Seth G N Grant
The postsynaptic proteome of excitatory synapses comprises ~1,000 highly conserved proteins that control the behavioral repertoire, and mutations disrupting their function cause >130 brain diseases. Here, we document the composition of postsynaptic proteomes in human neocortical regions and integrate it with genetic, functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography imaging, and behavioral data. Neocortical regions show signatures of expression of individual proteins, protein complexes, biochemical and metabolic pathways...
December 4, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202185/clinical-documentation-variations-and-nlp-system-portability-a-case-study-in-asthma-birth-cohorts-across-institutions
#10
Sunghwan Sohn, Yanshan Wang, Chung-Il Wi, Elizabeth A Krusemark, Euijung Ryu, Mir H Ali, Young J Juhn, Hongfang Liu
Objective: To assess clinical documentation variations across health care institutions using different electronic medical record systems and investigate how they affect natural language processing (NLP) system portability. Materials and Methods: Birth cohorts from Mayo Clinic and Sanford Children's Hospital (SCH) were used in this study (n = 298 for each). Documentation variations regarding asthma between the 2 cohorts were examined in various aspects: (1) overall corpus at the word level (ie, lexical variation), (2) topics and asthma-related concepts (ie, semantic variation), and (3) clinical note types (ie, process variation)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201072/the-role-of-kisspeptin-in-female-reproduction
#11
REVIEW
Sareh Zeydabadi Nejad, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Azita Zadeh-Vakili
Context: Kisspeptin (KISS1), a recently discovered neuropeptide that acts upstream of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, is critical for maturation and function of the reproductive axis. This review aimed at providing comprehensive and up-to-date information on Kisspeptin and its role in female reproduction. Evidence Acquisition: A literature review was performed using PubMed for all English language articles published between 1999 and 2016. Results: The kisspeptin system (KISS1/G protein-coupled receptor-54,GPR54) has recently been addressed as an essential gatekeeper of puberty onset and gonadotropin secretion...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197901/deaf-new-zealand-sign-language-users-access-to-healthcare
#12
Joanne Witko, Pauline Boyles, Kirsten Smiler, Rachel McKee
AIMS: The research described was undertaken as part of a Sub-Regional Disability Strategy 2017-2022 across the Wairarapa, Hutt Valley and Capital and Coast District Health Boards (DHBs). The aim was to investigate deaf New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL) users' quality of access to health services. Findings have formed the basis for developing a 'NZSL plan' for DHBs in the Wellington sub-region. METHODS: Qualitative data was collected from 56 deaf participants and family members about their experiences of healthcare services via focus group, individual interviews and online survey, which were thematically analysed...
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191207/medical-subdomain-classification-of-clinical-notes-using-a-machine-learning-based-natural-language-processing-approach
#13
Wei-Hung Weng, Kavishwar B Wagholikar, Alexa T McCray, Peter Szolovits, Henry C Chueh
BACKGROUND: The medical subdomain of a clinical note, such as cardiology or neurology, is useful content-derived metadata for developing machine learning downstream applications. To classify the medical subdomain of a note accurately, we have constructed a machine learning-based natural language processing (NLP) pipeline and developed medical subdomain classifiers based on the content of the note. METHODS: We constructed the pipeline using the clinical NLP system, clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System (cTAKES), the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus, Semantic Network, and learning algorithms to extract features from two datasets - clinical notes from Integrating Data for Analysis, Anonymization, and Sharing (iDASH) data repository (n = 431) and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) (n = 91,237), and built medical subdomain classifiers with different combinations of data representation methods and supervised learning algorithms...
December 1, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189610/early-childhood-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-infants-exposed-to-infectious-syphilis-in-utero
#14
Valsan P Verghese, Leonora Hendson, Ameeta Singh, Tamara Guenette, Jennifer Gratrix, Joan L Robinson
BACKGROUND: There are minimal neurodevelopmental follow-up data for infants exposed to syphilis in-utero. METHODS: This is an inception cohort study of infants exposed to syphilis in utero. We reviewed women with reactive syphilis serology in pregnancy or at delivery in Edmonton (Canada), 2002 through 2010 and describe the neurodevelopmental outcomes of children with and without congenital syphilis. RESULTS: There were 39 births to women with reactive syphilis serology, 9 of whom had late latent syphilis (n=4), stillbirths (n=2) or early neonatal deaths (n=3), leaving 30 survivors of which 11 with and 7 without congenital syphilis had neurodevelopmental assessment...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186992/evaluation-of-the-southern-harm-reduction-coalition-for-hiv-prevention-advocacy-accomplishments
#15
Chandra R Story, Wei-Kang Kao, Joe Currin, Colton Brown, Vignetta Charles
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS rates are higher in the Southern United States compared to other regions of the country. Reasons for disparities include poverty, health care access, and racism. People who inject drugs (PWID) account for 8% of HIV/AIDS incidence rates. Harm reduction can connect PWID to needed resources. AIDS United Southern REACH grantees developed the Southern Harm Reduction Coalition (SHRC) as a means to decrease HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis rates, criminalization of drug users and sex workers, and drug overdose...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186288/reproducible-and-flexible-simulation-experiments-with-ml-rules-and-sessl
#16
T Warnke, T Helms, A M Uhrmacher
Summary: The modeling language ML-Rules allows specifying and simulating complex systems biology models at multiple levels of organization. The development of such simulation models involves a wide variety of simulation experiments and the replicability of generated simulation results requires suitable means for documenting simulation experiments. Embedded domain-specific languages, such as SESSL, cater both requirements. With SESSL, the user can integrate diverse simulation experimentation methods and third-party software components into an executable, readable simulation experiment specification...
November 23, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182962/the-possible-worlds-of-global-health-research-an-ethics-focused-discourse-analysis
#17
Ben Brisbois, Katrina Plamondon
Representations of the world enable global health research (GHR), discursively constructing sites in which studies can legitimately take place. Depoliticized portrayals of the global South frequently obscure messy legacies of colonialism and motivate technical responses to health problems with political and economic root causes. Such problematic representations of the world have not yet been rigorously examined in relation to global health ethics, a major site of scholarly effort towards GHR that promotes justice and fairness...
November 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182959/social-biases-modulate-the-loss-of-redundant-forms-in-the-cultural-evolution-of-language
#18
Gareth Roberts, Maryia Fedzechkina
According to the competitive exclusion principle (Gause, 1934), competition for the same niche must eventually lead one competitor to extinction or the occupation of a new niche. This principle applies in both biology and the cultural evolution of language, where different words and structures compete for the same function or meaning (Aronoff, 2016). Across languages, for example, word order trades off with case marking as a means of indicating who did what to whom in a sentence. Previous experimental work has shed light on how such trade-offs come about as languages adapt to human biases through learning and production, with biases becoming amplified through iterated learning over generations...
November 25, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181550/intravesical-hyaluronic-acid-and-chondroitin-sulfate-for-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Jonathan Charles Goddard, Dick A W Janssen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to assess the efficacy of intravesical hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (CS), alone or in combination, for recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) in adult female patients using a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: English-language articles were obtained from the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases through November 2016, by manual searching and cross-referencing. Randomized and nonrandomized trials of adult female patients with a documented history of RUTIs who received HA, CS or HA plus CS were included...
November 27, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179758/developmental-performance-of-hospitalized-severely-acutely-malnourished-under-six-children-in-low-income-setting
#20
Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Retrospective studies show that severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects child development. However, to what extent SAM affects children of different ages at its acute stage is not well documented. This study was aimed at comparing the developmental performance of severely acutely malnourished children under six with that of age and gender-matched non-malnourished healthy children. METHODS: The developmental performances of 310 children with SAM (male = 155, female = 155); mean age = 30...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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