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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222453/transcriptome-analysis-of-brachypodium-during-fungal-pathogen-infection-reveals-both-shared-and-distinct-defense-responses-with-wheat
#1
Jonathan J Powell, Jason Carere, Gaurav Sablok, Timothy L Fitzgerald, Jiri Stiller, Michelle L Colgrave, Donald M Gardiner, John M Manners, John P Vogel, Robert J Henry, Kemal Kazan
Fusarium crown rot (FCR) of wheat and barley, predominantly caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium pseudograminearum, is a disease of economic significance. The quantitative nature of FCR resistance within cultivated wheat germplasm has significantly limited breeding efforts to enhanced FCR resistance in wheat. In this study, we characterized the molecular responses of Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium hereafter) to F. pseudograminearum infection using RNA-seq to determine whether Brachypodium can be exploited as a model system towards better understanding of F...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191260/physical-activity-as-a-vital-sign-a-systematic-review
#2
Yvonne M Golightly, Kelli D Allen, Kirsten R Ambrose, Jamie L Stiller, Kelly R Evenson, Christiane Voisin, Jennifer M Hootman, Leigh F Callahan
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is strongly endorsed for managing chronic conditions, and a vital sign tool (indicator of general physical condition) could alert providers of inadequate PA to prompt counseling or referral. This systematic review examined the use, definitions, psychometric properties, and outcomes of brief PA instruments as vital sign measures, with attention primarily to studies focused on arthritis. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for English-language literature from 1985 through 2016 using the terms PA, exercise, vital sign, exercise referral scheme, and exercise counseling...
November 30, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170790/a-multiple-near-isogenic-line-multi-nil-rna-seq-approach-to-identify-candidate-genes-underpinning-qtl
#3
Ahsan Habib, Jonathan J Powell, Jiri Stiller, Miao Liu, Sergey Shabala, Meixue Zhou, Donald M Gardiner, Chunji Liu
This study demonstrates how identification of genes underpinning disease-resistance QTL based on differential expression and SNPs can be improved by performing transcriptomic analysis on multiple near isogenic lines. Transcriptomic analysis has been widely used to understand the genetic basis of a trait of interest by comparing genotypes with contrasting phenotypes. However, these approaches identify such large sets of differentially expressed genes that it proves difficult to isolate which genes underpin the phenotype of interest...
November 23, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032268/total-marrow-lymphoid-irradiation-fludarabine-melphalan-conditioning-for-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#4
Lindsay G Jensen, Tracey Stiller, Jeffrey Y C Wong, Joycelynne Palmer, Anthony Stein, Joseph Rosenthal
Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) can reduce morbidity and mortality, but patients with advanced disease may require alternative approaches. In an initial report of RIC with fludarabine (FLU) and melphalan (MEL) with total marrow lymphoid irradiation (TMLI) in HCT for advanced hematologic malignancies in 33 patients, we found that the addition of TMLI to RIC was feasible and safe. Here we report long-term outcomes for these patients. This prospective study included 61 patients treated with TMLI to a dose of 12 Gy (1...
October 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016863/a-tubb6-mutation-is-associated-with-autosomal-dominant-non-progressive-congenital-facial-palsy-bilateral-ptosis-and-velopharyngeal-dysfunction
#5
Walid Fazeli, Peter Herkenrath, Barbara Stiller, Antje Neugebauer, Julia Fricke, Ruth Lang-Roth, Gudrun Nürnberg, Michaela Thoenes, Jutta Becker, Janine Altmüller, Alexander E Volk, Christian Kubisch, Raoul Heller
Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders (CCDDs) comprise a heterogeneous spectrum of diseases characterized by congenital, non-progressive impairment of eye, eyelid and/or facial movements including Möbius syndrome, Duane retraction syndrome, congenital ptosis, and congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles. Over the last 20 years, several CCDDs have been identified as neurodevelopmental disorders that are caused by mutations of genes involved in brain and cranial nerve development, e.g. KIF21A and TUBB3 that each plays a pivotal role for microtubule function...
October 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966902/mental-health-in-allergic-rhinitis-depression-and-suicidal-behavior
#6
Ameya U Amritwar, Christopher A Lowry, Lisa A Brenner, Andrew J Hoisington, Robert Hamilton, John W Stiller, Teodor T Postolache
A high proportion of suicides visit their medical provider in the month prior to death, but depression, suicidal thoughts, and substance use are seldom addressed. For the clinicians routinely treating a substantial patient population with allergic diseases, there are additional concerns, as allergy has been linked with both depression and suicidal behavior. While psychotropic medications may affect diagnosis of allergies, medications used to treat allergies impact mood and behavior. Thus, we present an overview of the overlap of allergic rhinitis with depression and suicidal behavior in adults, based on clinical and epidemiological data, and our research and clinical experience...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770972/prophylactic-levosimendan-for-the-prevention-of-low-cardiac-output-syndrome-and-mortality-in-paediatric-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#7
REVIEW
Johanna Hummel, Gerta Rücker, Brigitte Stiller
BACKGROUND: Low cardiac output syndrome remains a serious complication, and accounts for substantial morbidity and mortality in the postoperative course of paediatric patients undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. Standard prophylactic and therapeutic strategies for low cardiac output syndrome are based mainly on catecholamines, which are effective drugs, but have considerable side effects. Levosimendan, a calcium sensitiser, enhances the myocardial function by generating more energy-efficient myocardial contractility than achieved via adrenergic stimulation with catecholamines...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689091/geographical-variability-in-survival-of-european-children-with-central-nervous-system-tumours
#8
G Gatta, R Peris-Bonet, O Visser, C Stiller, R Marcos-Gragera, M-J Sánchez, B Lacour, P Kaatsch, F Berrino, S Rutkowski, L Botta
Survival for childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumours varies across Europe, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing malignant from non-malignant disease. This study examines bias in CNS tumours survival analysis to obtain the reliable and comparable survival figures. We analysed survival data for about 15,000 children (age <15) diagnosed with CNS between 2000 and 2007, from 71 population-based cancer registries in 27 countries. We selected high-quality data based on registry-specific data quality indicators and recorded observed 1-year and 5-year survival by countries and CNS entity...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658629/definition-of-a-high-confidence-mitochondrial-proteome-at-quantitative-scale
#9
Marcel Morgenstern, Sebastian B Stiller, Philipp Lübbert, Christian D Peikert, Stefan Dannenmaier, Friedel Drepper, Uri Weill, Philipp Höß, Reinhild Feuerstein, Michael Gebert, Maria Bohnert, Martin van der Laan, Maya Schuldiner, Conny Schütze, Silke Oeljeklaus, Nikolaus Pfanner, Nils Wiedemann, Bettina Warscheid
Mitochondria perform central functions in cellular bioenergetics, metabolism, and signaling, and their dysfunction has been linked to numerous diseases. The available studies cover only part of the mitochondrial proteome, and a separation of core mitochondrial proteins from associated fractions has not been achieved. We developed an integrative experimental approach to define the proteome of yeast mitochondria. We classified > 3,300 proteins of mitochondria and mitochondria-associated fractions and defined 901 high-confidence mitochondrial proteins, expanding the set of mitochondrial proteins by 82...
June 27, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516823/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-heart-disease
#10
Mandy Niemitz, Diana C M Gunst, Hedwig H Hövels-Gürich, Michael Hofbeck, Renate Kaulitz, Christoph Galm, Felix Berger, Nicole Nagdyman, Brigitte Stiller, Thomas Borth-Bruhns, Ines Konzag, Christian Balmer, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVE: Chronic paediatric heart disease is often associated with residual symptoms, persisting functional restrictions, and late sequelae for psychosocial development. It is, therefore, increasingly important to evaluate the health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with chronic heart disease. The aim of this study was to determine medical and socio-demographic variables affecting health-related quality of life in school-aged children and adolescents with chronic heart disease...
May 18, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494518/correlates-of-resistance-and-relapse-during-blinatumomab-therapy-for-relapsed-refractory-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Ibrahim Aldoss, Joo Song, Tracey Stiller, Tina Nguyen, Joycelynne Palmer, Margaret O'Donnell, Anthony S Stein, Guido Marcucci, Stephen Forman, Vinod Pullarkat
We retrospectively analyzed 65 patients with refractory/relapsed (r/r) ALL who were treated with blinatumomab for predictors of leukemia response as well as clinical patterns of relapse and resistance with particular focus on downregulation of CD19 expression and extramedullary disease (EM-ALL). The complete remission (CR) rate was 51%, and 15 (45%) responders underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in CR. High leukemia burden (bone marrow blasts >50%) (P = .02), history of prior EM-ALL (P = ...
September 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411119/worldwide-comparison-of-survival-from-childhood-leukaemia-for-1995-2009-by-subtype-age-and-sex-concord-2-a-population-based-study-of-individual-data-for-89%C3%A2-828-children-from-198-registries-in-53-countries
#12
Audrey Bonaventure, Rhea Harewood, Charles A Stiller, Gemma Gatta, Jacqueline Clavel, Daniela C Stefan, Helena Carreira, Devon Spika, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Rafael Peris-Bonet, Marion Piñeros, Milena Sant, Claudia E Kuehni, Michael F G Murphy, Michel P Coleman, Claudia Allemani
BACKGROUND: Global inequalities in access to health care are reflected in differences in cancer survival. The CONCORD programme was designed to assess worldwide differences and trends in population-based cancer survival. In this population-based study, we aimed to estimate survival inequalities globally for several subtypes of childhood leukaemia. METHODS: Cancer registries participating in CONCORD were asked to submit tumour registrations for all children aged 0-14 years who were diagnosed with leukaemia between Jan 1, 1995, and Dec 31, 2009, and followed up until Dec 31, 2009...
May 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297921/dephasing-and-diffusion-on-the-alveolar-surface
#13
L R Buschle, F T Kurz, T Kampf, W L Wagner, J Duerr, W Stiller, P Konietzke, F Wünnemann, M A Mall, M O Wielpütz, H P Schlemmer, C H Ziener
We propose a surface model of spin dephasing in lung tissue that includes both susceptibility and diffusion effects to provide a closed-form solution of the Bloch-Torrey equation on the alveolar surface. The nonlocal susceptibility effects of the model are validated against numerical simulations of spin dephasing in a realistic lung tissue geometry acquired from synchotron-based μCT data sets of mouse lung tissue, and against simulations in the well-known Wigner-Seitz model geometry. The free induction decay is obtained in dependence on microscopic tissue parameters and agrees very well with in vivo lung measurements at 1...
February 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262914/prophylactic-levosimendan-for-the-prevention-of-low-cardiac-output-syndrome-and-mortality-in-paediatric-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#14
REVIEW
Johanna Hummel, Gerta Rücker, Brigitte Stiller
BACKGROUND: Low cardiac output syndrome remains a serious complication, and accounts for substantial morbidity and mortality in the postoperative course of paediatric patients undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. Standard prophylactic and therapeutic strategies for low cardiac output syndrome are based mainly on catecholamines, which are effective drugs, but have considerable side effects. Levosimendan, a calcium sensitiser, enhances the myocardial function by generating more energy-efficient myocardial contractility than achieved via adrenergic stimulation with catecholamines...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011957/effect-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-on-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
E Keczan, G Keri, G Banhegyi, I Stiller
The maintenance of protein homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is crucial in cell life. Disruption of proteostasis results in ER stress that activates the unfolded protein response (UPR); a signalling network assigned to manage the accumulated misfolded or unfolded proteins. Prolonged or unresolved ER stress leads to apoptotic cell death that can be the basis of many serious diseases. Our aim was to study the effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF), an alternative, non-invasive therapeutic method on ER stressed cell lines...
October 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941094/the-fusarium-crown-rot-pathogen-fusarium-pseudograminearum-triggers-a-suite-of-transcriptional-and-metabolic-changes-in-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#16
Jonathan J Powell, Jason Carere, Timothy L Fitzgerald, Jiri Stiller, Lorenzo Covarelli, Qian Xu, Frank Gubler, Michelle L Colgrave, Donald M Gardiner, John M Manners, Robert J Henry, Kemal Kazan
Background and Aims: Fusarium crown rot caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium pseudograminearum is a disease of wheat and barley, bearing significant economic cost. Efforts to develop effective resistance to this disease have been hampered by the quantitative nature of resistance and a lack of understanding of the factors associated with resistance and susceptibility. Here, we aimed to dissect transcriptional responses triggered in wheat by F. pseudograminearum infection. Methods: We used an RNA-seq approach to analyse host responses during a compatible interaction and identified >2700 wheat genes differentially regulated after inoculation with F...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888554/a-high-resolution-genetic-map-of-the-cereal-crown-rot-pathogen-fusarium-pseudograminearum-provides-a-near-complete-genome-assembly
#17
Donald M Gardiner, Aurelie H Benfield, Jiri Stiller, Stuart Stephen, Karen Aitken, Chunji Liu, Kemal Kazan
Fusarium pseudograminearum is an important pathogen of wheat and barley, particularly in semi-arid environments. Previous genome assemblies for this organism were based entirely on short read data and are highly fragmented. In this work, a genetic map of F. pseudograminearum has been constructed for the first time based on a mapping population of 178 individuals. The genetic map, along with long read scaffolding of a short read-based genome assembly, was used to give a near complete assembly of the four F. pseudograminearum chromosomes...
November 26, 2016: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849657/long-term-follow-up-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-mechanical-circulatory-support-in-children
#18
Thilo P K Fleck, Georg Dangel, Felix Bächle, Christoph Benk, Jochen Grohmann, Johannes Kroll, Matthias Siepe, Rene Höhn, Janbernd Kirschner, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Brigitte Stiller
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate health-related quality of life in long-term survivors of mechanical circulatory support after acute cardiopulmonary failure. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SETTING: Single-institutional in a center for congenital heart disease and pediatric cardiology. PATIENTS: Fifty patients who underwent 58 mechanical circulatory support therapies in our institution from 2001 to 2012...
February 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735125/the-defence-associated-transcriptome-of-hexaploid-wheat-displays-homoeolog-expression-and-induction-bias
#19
Jonathan J Powell, Timothy L Fitzgerald, Jiri Stiller, Paul J Berkman, Donald M Gardiner, John M Manners, Robert J Henry, Kemal Kazan
Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is an allopolyploid species containing three ancestral genomes. Therefore, three homoeologous copies exist for the majority of genes in the wheat genome. Whether different homoeologs are differentially expressed (homoeolog expression bias) in response to biotic and abiotic stresses is poorly understood. In this study, we applied a RNA-seq approach to analyse homoeolog-specific global gene expression patterns in wheat during infection by the fungal pathogen Fusarium pseudograminearum, which causes crown rot disease in cereals...
April 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652148/dysfunctional-pulmonary-artery-conduit-and-co-existing-large-pseudoaneurysm-well-suited-for-a-percutaneous-approach-with-the-melody-valve
#20
Rouven Kubicki, Brigitte Stiller, Jochen Grohmann
Pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication after surgical repair of congenital heart disease. We present a boy with truncus arteriosus communis 14 years after homograft placement in pulmonary position. On follow-up, he presented progressive chronic homograft degeneration. Moreover, a large pseudoaneurysm in the right ventricular outflow tract was surprisingly depicted. We opted for a two-stage interventional approach.
2016: SpringerPlus
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