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Cardiac follow up programs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096844/influence-of-an-extended-education-program-on-the-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#1
Wojciech S Kapko, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Health education is a component of complex cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). AIM: To evaluate the influence of an authorial extended educational program on the knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects undergoing early in-hospital rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study covered 205 consecutive subjects (153 men and 52 women, aged 62 ±9 years) undergoing CCR...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093413/persistence-of-cardiac-remodeling-in-preadolescents-with-fetal-growth-restriction
#2
Sebastian Imre Sarvari, Merida Rodriguez-Lopez, Marta Nuñez-Garcia, Marta Sitges, Alvaro Sepulveda-Martinez, Oscar Camara, Constantine Butakoff, Eduard Gratacos, Bart Bijnens, Fatima Crispi
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) affects 5% to 10% of newborns and is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. We evaluated whether prenatal cardiovascular changes previously demonstrated in FGR persist into preadolescence. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort study of 58 FGR (defined as birth weight below 10th centile) and 94 normally grown fetuses identified in utero and followed-up into preadolescence (8-12 years of age) by echocardiography and 3-dimensional shape computational analysis...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077225/age-does-matter-younger-ppci-patients-profit-more-from-cardiac-rehabilitation-than-older-patients
#3
Kimberley Pieters, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Nienke Ter Hoeve, Myrna van Geffen, Karolijn Dulfer, Madoka Sunamura, Ron T van Domburg
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended as secondary prevention in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) patients. This study was conducted to expand the knowledge about age-effects of CR in pPCI patients. The aim of this study was to compare changes in subjective health status (SHS) during and after CR between patients <60years and patients ≥60years, who underwent pPCI after myocardial infarction. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, in total 282 pPCI patients who participated in CR were included...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043617/bedaquiline-in-the-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-treatment-belarus-experience
#4
Alena Skrahina, Hennadz Hurevich, Dennis Falzon, Liudmila Zhilevich, Valiantsin Rusovich, Masoud Dara, Svetlana Setkina
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Outcomes of treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) remain poor worldwide. Among patients with MDR-TB in Belarus who started treatment in 2012, only 54% completed it successfully, with treatment failure reported in 22% of the patients; additionally, 11% died and 13% were lost to follow-up or remained unevaluated. In Belarus, to improve outcomes, bedaquiline was introduced in MDR-TB treatment in June 2015. The national TB program developed measures to monitor safety and effectiveness of bedaquiline-containing regimens in line with the World Health Organization recommendations...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033254/efficacy-of-an-early-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-randomized-trial
#5
Lin Xu, Zekun Cai, Meihua Xiong, Yekuo Li, Guoying Li, Yu Deng, William Kongto Hau, Shuo Li, Wenhua Huang, Jian Qiu
BACKGROUND: The effect of an early short-term home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program on ventricular function in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients is not yet clear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of our CR program on the improvement of myocardial function using three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) in AMI patients. METHODS: Fifty-two AMI patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups after discharge: the rehabilitation group, which participated in an early, home-based CR program, and the control group, which received only usual care...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018900/redox-regulation-of-heart-regeneration-an-evolutionary-tradeoff
#6
Waleed M Elhelaly, Nicholas T Lam, Mohamed Hamza, Shuda Xia, Hesham A Sadek
Heart failure is a costly and deadly disease, affecting over 23 million patients worldwide, half of which die within 5 years of diagnosis. The pathophysiological basis of heart failure is the inability of the adult heart to regenerate lost or damaged myocardium. Although limited myocyte turnover does occur in the adult heart, it is insufficient for restoration of contractile function (Nadal-Ginard, 2001; Laflamme et al., 2002; Quaini et al., 2002; Hsieh et al., 2007; Bergmann et al., 2009, 2012). In contrast to lower vertebrates (Poss et al...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011801/impact-of-haemodynamic-sonr-sensor-on-monitoring-of-left-ventricular-function-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#7
Stefania Sacchi, Paolo Pieragnoli, Giuseppe Ricciardi, Gino Grifoni, Luigi Padeletti
AIMS: The haemodynamic SonR sensor is able to measure myocardial contractility. The isometric effort is useful in quantifying left ventricular (LV) performance. We investigated the amplitude changes in SonR signal over time and during static exercise according to the recovery of the left ventricle. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty five patients [18 male, 70 ± 8 years, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) 29 ± 5%, in sinus rhythm] underwent biventricular SonR implantable cardioverter defibrillator implant...
December 23, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004526/exercise-therapy-in-oncology-rehabilitation-in-australia-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Amy M Dennett, Casey L Peiris, Nora Shields, Delwyn Morgan, Nicholas F Taylor
AIM: Oncology rehabilitation improves outcomes for cancer survivors but little is known about program availability in Australia. The aims of this study were: to describe oncology rehabilitation programs in Australia: determine whether the exercise component of programs is consistent with guidelines: and to explore barriers and facilitators to program implementation. METHODS: A sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study was completed in two phases: (1) a survey of Australian oncology rehabilitation programs; and (2) purposively sampled follow-up semistructured interviews with senior clinicians working in oncology rehabilitation who were involved with exercise prescription...
December 22, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992624/association-of-perioperative-statin-use-with-mortality-and-morbidity-after-major-noncardiac-surgery
#9
Martin J London, Gregory G Schwartz, Kwan Hur, William G Henderson
Importance: The efficacy of statins in reducing perioperative cardiovascular and other organ system complications in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery remains controversial. Owing to a paucity of randomized clinical trials, analyses of large databases may facilitate informed hypothesis generation and more efficient trial design. Objective: To evaluate associations of early perioperative statin use with outcomes in a national cohort of veterans undergoing noncardiac surgery...
December 19, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989789/very-high-rate-programming-in-primary-prevention-patients-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-implanted-with-a-defibrillator-results-from-a-large-multicenter-controlled-study
#10
Nicolas Clementy, Farid Challal, Eloi Marijon, Serge Boveda, Pascal Defaye, Christophe Leclercq, Jean-Claude Deharo, Nicolas Sadoul, Didier Klug, Olivier Piot, Daniel Gras, Pierre Bordachar, Vincent Algalarrondo, Laurent Fauchier, Dominique Babuty
BACKGROUND: Programming implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) with a high-rate therapy strategy has proven to be effective in reducing shocks, and is associated with a reduced mortality. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the impact of a very-high-rate cutoff programming strategy on outcomes in patients with a primary indication for an ICD due to reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. METHODS: Using data from the French multicenter DAI-PP registry, this cohort-controlled study compared outcomes in 500 patients programmed with a very-high-rate cutoff (VH-RATE group: monitor zone 170-219 beats per minute, VF zone ≥220 beats per minute with 13±4 detection intervals) with 1,500 matched control patients programmed with 1 or 2 therapy zone...
October 28, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932093/midterm-results-of-renal-transplantation-from-controlled-cardiac-death-donors-are-similar-to-those-from-brain-death-donors
#11
O Lafuente, B Sánchez-Sobrino, M Pérez, P López-Sánchez, D Janeiro, E Rubio, A Huerta, M Marques, M R Llópez-Carratala, J J Rubio, J Portolés
BACKGROUND: The systematic use of grafts from controlled donors after cardiac death (cDCD) started in our country in 2012 and expanded with the strategic support of National Transplant Organization. We present our experience in kidney transplantation with organs from cDCD donors with a mean follow-up of 3 years. METHODS: Observational prospective study of all transplants performed in our center in 2012-2013 followed to 2016. The immunosuppression protocols were triple therapy for low-risk recipients from a standard brain death donor (DBD), adding basiliximab or thymoglobulin induction for extended-criteria donor or high-risk recipient, respectively, and thymoglobulin induction plus triple therapy for all cDCD recipients...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930686/comparison-of-ventricular-inducibility-with-late-gadolinium-enhancement-and-myocardial-inflammation-in-endomyocardial-biopsy-in-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#12
Karin A L Mueller, Christian Heck, David Heinzmann, Johannes Schwille, Karin Klingel, Reinhard Kandolf, Ulrich Kramer, Michael Gramlich, Tobias Geisler, Meinrad P Gawaz, Juergen Schreieck, Peter Seizer
BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy remains a matter of debate in the era of device implantation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated associations between histopathological findings, contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI and the inducibility of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or fibrillation (VF) in programmed ventricular stimulation. METHODS: 56 patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF≤50%, mean 36...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#13
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886928/cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-how-to-decrease-nonresponders
#14
REVIEW
José María Tolosana, Lluís Mont
Nonresponse to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is still a major issue in therapy expansion. The description of fast, simple, cost-effective methods to optimize CRT could help in adapting pacing intervals to individual patients. A better understanding of the importance of appropriate patient selection, left ventricular lead placement, and device programming, together with a multidisciplinary approach and an optimal follow-up of the patients, may reduce the percentage of nonresponders.
January 2017: Heart Failure Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885414/clinical-implementation-of-an-emergency-department-coronary-computed-tomographic-angiography-protocol-for-triage-of-patients-with-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
Brian B Ghoshhajra, Richard A P Takx, Pedro V Staziaki, Harshna Vadvala, Phillip Kim, Tomas G Neilan, Nandini M Meyersohn, Daniel Bittner, Sumbal A Janjua, Thomas Mayrhofer, Jeffrey L Greenwald, Quyhn A Truong, Suhny Abbara, David F M Brown, James L Januzzi, Sanjeev Francis, John T Nagurney, Udo Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of emergency department (ED) coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) during a 3-year clinical experience. METHODS: Single-center registry of coronary CTA in consecutive ED patients with suspicion of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The primary outcome was efficiency of coronary CTA defined as the length of hospitalization. Secondary endpoints of safety were defined as the rate of downstream testing, normalcy rates of invasive coronary angiography (ICA), absence of missed ACS, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during follow-up, and index radiation exposure...
November 24, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881758/cardiac-rehabilitation-following-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-trends-in-referral-predictors-and-mortality-outcome-in-a-multicenter-national-registry-between-years-2006-2013-report-from-the-working-group-on-cardiac-rehabilitation-the-israeli-heart-society
#16
Fernando Chernomordik, Avi Sabbag, Boaz Tzur, Eran Kopel, Ronen Goldkorn, Shlomi Matetzky, Ilan Goldenberg, Nir Shlomo, Robert Klempfner
Background Utilization of cardiac rehabilitation is suboptimal. The aim of the study was to assess referral trends over the past decade, to identify predictors for referral to a cardiac rehabilitation program, and to evaluate the association with one-year mortality in a large national registry of acute coronary syndrome patients. Design and methods Data were extracted from the Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey national surveys between 2006-2013. A total of 6551 patients discharged with a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome were included...
January 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832460/investigating-the-differences-of-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-the-follow-up-assessment-of-patients-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
Hui Zhao, Jun Ma, Qiru Zhou, Wei Chen, Wei Zhu, Zekun Cai, Hongqiang Lei, Yu Deng, Lin Xu, Jian Qiu
Obesity management is a key point during cardiac rehabilitation. The effect of new index, waist circumference (WC), in the obesity management of cardiac rehabilitation is not clear yet. Therefore, our study compared the WC index to the body mass index (BMI) in the evaluation of obesity management for the patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a well-designed cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP). Totally 61 patients were enrolled into our study between October 2013 and January 2014 in our hospital. All these patients were requested to participate in the CRP actively for 6 months...
November 10, 2016: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826738/transcription-factor-pex1-modulates-extracellular-matrix-turnover-through-regulation-of-mmp-9-expression
#18
Alicia Jurado Acosta, Jaana Rysä, Zoltan Szabo, Anne-Mari Moilanen, Hiba Komati, Mona Nemer, Heikki Ruskoaho
The phenylephrine-induced complex-1 (PEX1) transcription factor, also known as zinc-finger protein 260 (Zfp260), is an effector of endothelin-1 and α1-adrenergic signaling in cardiac hypertrophy. However, the role of PEX1 in transcriptional regulation of myocardial remodeling remains largely unknown. In the present study, we used PEX1 gain- and loss-of-function to examine the effects of PEX1 on left ventricular remodeling. Adenoviral constructs expressing PEX1, antisense PEX1, or LacZ were delivered by local injection into the anterior wall of the left ventricle in Sprague-Dawley rats...
November 8, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822083/the-danish-cardiac-rehabilitation-database
#19
REVIEW
Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Henriette Knold Rossau, Anne Nakano, Sussie Foghmar, Regina Eichhorst, Eva Prescott, Charlotte Cerqueira, Anne Merete Boas Soja, Gunnar H Gislason, Mogens Lytken Larsen, Ulla Overgaard Andersen, Ida Gustafsson, Kristian K Thomsen, Lene Boye Hansen, Signe Hammer, Lone Viggers, Bo Christensen, Birgitte Kvist, Cecilie Lindström Egholm, Ole May
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Cardiac Rehabilitation Database (DHRD) aims to improve the quality of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) to the benefit of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). STUDY POPULATION: Hospitalized patients with CHD with stenosis on coronary angiography treated with percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting, or medication alone. Reporting is mandatory for all hospitals in Denmark delivering CR. The database was initially implemented in 2013 and was fully running from August 14, 2015, thus comprising data at a patient level from the latter date onward...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808563/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-surgically-treated-type-a-aortic-dissection-patients
#20
Simon Fuglsang, Johan Heiberg, Vibeke E Hjortdal, Sussie Laustsen
OBJECTIVES: Surgically treated type-A aortic dissection patients are often restricted from physical exercise due to a lack of knowledge about the blood pressure increase. Our aims were to evaluate the hemodynamic responses during exercise, and to assess changes in peak oxygen uptake, maximal workload, and quality-of-life after completion of an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program. DESIGN: Three subgroups were retrospectively identified based on their different eligibility criteria...
November 3, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
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