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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786787/protocols-for-migration-and-invasion-studies-in-prostate-cancer
#1
Arjanneke F van de Merbel, Geertje van der Horst, Jeroen T Buijs, Gabri van der Pluijm
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in men in the western world. The development of distant metastases and therapy resistance are major clinical problems in the management of prostate cancer patients. In order for prostate cancer to metastasize to distant sites in the human body, prostate cancer cells have to migrate and invade neighboring tissue. Cancer cells can acquire a migratory and invasive phenotype in several ways, including single cell and collective migration. As a requisite for migration, epithelial prostate cancer cells often need to acquire a motile, mesenchymal-like phenotype...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786581/development-of-informational-communicative-system-created-to-improve-medical-help-for-family-medicine-doctors
#2
Vladyslav A Smiianov, Natalia O Dryha, Olha I Smiianova, Victor K Obodyak, Tatyana O Zudina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today mobile health`s protection service has no concrete meaning. As an research object it was called mHealth and named by Global observatory of electronic health`s protection as "Doctor and social health practice that can be supported by any mobile units (mobile phones or smartphones), units for patient`s health control, personal computers and other units of non-wired communication". An active usage of SMS in programs for patients` cure regimen keeping was quiet predictable...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786578/-influence-of-basic-dental-materials-on-indicators-of-free-radical-oxidation-and-antioxidant-blood-s-potential-of-white-rats-experimental-study
#3
Vitalii S Kuz, Valentyn N Dvornyk, Vitalii A Kostenko, Gelfira M Kuz, Oleh Ye Akimov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Basic materials used in the clinic of orthopedic dentistry are high-polymer compounds and have a number of positive properties in certain conditions. The main group of materials for manufacturing of removable dentures is acrylic plastics of hot polymerization. However, such materials can sometimes cause a number of complications. Using removable prostheses, which are made of acrylic plastics can cause the development of an allergic or toxic-chemical reaction of tissues of the prosthetic bed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786575/spatial-organization-of-the-excretory-ducts-and-sections-of-microcirculatory-blood-flow-of-the-labial-salivary-glands-in-older-adults
#4
Volodymyr H Hryn, Tamara F Deineha, Аndrij V Piliuhin, Anna V Lavrenko, Dmytro O Lavrenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Salivary glands have a significant impact on the state of the homeostasis of the human body, oral cavity in particular, sensitively responding to pathological processes. The reactivity of the salivary glands in response to pathological processes that are organically linked to morphology and functions of the organ's structures, and particularly the excretory ducts of the glands and their microcirculatory blood flow, is one of the problems which have not been solved to date...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786503/relationships-between-theoretically-derived-short-term-outcomes-and-support-for-policy-among-the-public-and-decision-makers
#5
Carol L Schmitt, Laurel Curry, Vanessa Boudewyns, Pamela A Williams, LaShawn Glasgow, Deanna Van Hersh, Jeffrey Willett, Todd Rogers
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Policy change is a lengthy and complex process. Thus, it is important to articulate hypothesized causal pathways between advocacy activities and policy change outcomes and to identify and monitor early indicators of progress toward policy change. INTERVENTION APPROACH: The Kansas Health Foundation supports grantee efforts to address the public health effects of obesity through evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental change interventions...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786449/fault-detection-based-on-near-infrared-spectra-for-the-oil-desalting-process
#6
Xiaoli Luan, Minjun Jin, Fei Liu
The fault detection problem of the oil desalting process is investigated in this paper. Different from the traditional fault detection approaches based on measurable process variables, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is applied to acquire the process fault information from the molecular vibrational signal. With the molecular spectra data, principal component analysis was explored to calculate the Hotelling T2 and squared prediction error, which act as fault indicators. Compared with the traditional fault detection approach based on measurable process variables, NIR spectra-based fault detection illustrates more sensitivity to early failure because of the fact that the changes in the molecular level can be identified earlier than the physical appearances on the process...
January 1, 2018: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786028/evaluation-of-a-distance-learning-academic-support-program-for-medical-graduates-during-rural-hospital-service-in-india
#7
Rashmi Vyas, Anand Zachariah, Isobel Swamidasan, Priya Doris, Ilene Harris
Background: Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India, a tertiary care hospital, designed a year-long Fellowship in Secondary Hospital Medicine (FSHM) for CMC graduates, with the aim to support them during rural service and be motivated to consider practicing in these hospitals. The FSHM was a blend of 15 paper-based distance learning modules, 3 contact sessions, community project work, and networking. This paper reports on the evaluation of the FSHM program. Methods: The curriculum development process for the FSHM reflected the six-step approach including problem identification, needs assessment, formulating objectives, selecting educational strategies, implementation, and evaluation...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785714/lexical-learning-may-contribute-to-phonetic-learning-in-infants-a-corpus-analysis-of-maternal-spanish
#8
Daniel Swingley, Claudia Alarcon
In their first year, infants begin to learn the speech sounds of their language. This process is typically modeled as an unsupervised clustering problem in which phonetically similar speech-sound tokens are grouped into phonetic categories by infants using their domain-general inference abilities. We argue here that maternal speech is too phonetically variable for this account to be plausible, and we provide phonetic evidence from Spanish showing that infant-directed Spanish vowels are more readily clustered over word types than over vowel tokens...
May 21, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785526/education-and-physical-health-trajectories-in-later-life-a-comparative-study
#9
Liliya Leopold
The cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis states that health disparities between education groups increase with age. The present study examined this hypothesis in a comparative analysis of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Sweden. These countries offer sharp contrasts in the social conditions that may intensify or inhibit processes of cumulative (dis)advantage. Using harmonized panel data from the HRS, ELSA, and SHARE, the study applied Poisson multilevel regression models to trace changes in the number of chronic conditions and functional limitations of people aged 50-76 (N = 16,887 individuals; 71,154 observations)...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785517/optimization-and-enhancement-of-textile-reactive-remazol-black-b-decolorization-and-detoxification-by-environmentally-isolated-ph-tolerant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-ky284155
#10
Rasha A Hashem, Reham Samir, Tamer M Essam, Amal E Ali, Magdy A Amin
Azo dyes are complex derivatives of diazene used in food and textile manufacture. They are highly recalcitrant compounds, and account for severe environmental and health problems. Different strains of Pseudomonas species were isolated from textile wastewater effluents. The bioconversion of Remazol black B (a commonly used water soluble dye) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa was observed in static conditions. The bio-decolorization process was optimized by a multi factorial Plackett-Burman experimental design. Decolorization of 200 mg L-1 reached 100% in 32 h...
May 21, 2018: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785513/jdpd-an-open-java-simulation-kernel-for-molecular-fragment-dissipative-particle-dynamics
#11
Karina van den Broek, Hubert Kuhn, Achim Zielesny
Jdpd is an open Java simulation kernel for Molecular Fragment Dissipative Particle Dynamics with parallelizable force calculation, efficient caching options and fast property calculations. It is characterized by an interface and factory-pattern driven design for simple code changes and may help to avoid problems of polyglot programming. Detailed input/output communication, parallelization and process control as well as internal logging capabilities for debugging purposes are supported. The new kernel may be utilized in different simulation environments ranging from flexible scripting solutions up to fully integrated "all-in-one" simulation systems...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785161/prevalence-and-psychological-stress-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-among-female-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Muhammed Ajmal, Lujain Ibrahim, Nada Mohammed, Heba Al-Qarni
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder which is characterized by recurrent ulcerations mainly confined to non-keratinized oral mucosa. Though the exact etiology is imprecise, stress and anxiety were found to be linked with the onset of RAS. The present study was directed to know the prevalence of RAS among female dental students in King Khalid University, to find out the association between RAS and psychological stress and the effectiveness of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) in finding out the psychological profile of RAS patients...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783887/a-vision-for-global-heath-diplomacy-in-the-foreign-policy-process-using-smart-power-to-prevent-and-resolve-international-conflict
#13
Sebastian Kevany
In the twenty-first Century, the developed world attempts to provide global health assistance, to poorer countries - at least in part in the pursuit and maintenance of world order and stability. Rarely, however - and in most cases, then on an ad hoc basis - are related foreign policy tools deployed in combination with each other. Nonetheless, there is currently greater openness than ever before to such interdigitation. Not least this reflects the unprecedented challenges of modern political and security conditions - struggling to operate amidst a broader culture of global adverserialism, and conflict which conventional systems of intervention have struggled to successfully resolve...
May 21, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783872/global-mental-health-and-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-research-domain-criteria
#14
Stevan Merill Weine, Scott Langenecker, Aliriza Arenliu
BACKGROUND: The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project presents innovative ways of investigating mental illness based on behavioral and neurobiological measures of dimensional processes. Although cultural psychiatrists have critiqued RDoC's implications and limitations for its under-developed focus on context and experience, RDoC presents opportunities for synergies with global mental health. It can capture aspects of clinical or sub-clinical behavior which are less dependent upon Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783673/application-of-a-novel-s3-nanowire-gas-sensor-device-in-parallel-with-gc-ms-for-the-identification-of-rind-percentage-of-grated-parmigiano-reggiano
#15
Marco Abbatangelo, Estefanía Núñez-Carmona, Veronica Sberveglieri, Dario Zappa, Elisabetta Comini, Giorgio Sberveglieri
Parmigiano Reggiano cheese is one of the most appreciated and consumed foods worldwide, especially in Italy, for its high content of nutrients and taste. However, these characteristics make this product subject to counterfeiting in different forms. In this study, a novel method based on an electronic nose has been developed to investigate the potentiality of this tool to distinguish rind percentages in grated Parmigiano Reggiano packages that should be lower than 18%. Different samples, in terms of percentage, seasoning and rind working process, were considered to tackle the problem at 360°...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783658/quorum-sensing-versus-quenching-bacterial-isolates-obtained-from-mbr-plants-treating-leachates-from-municipal-solid-waste
#16
Albert Soler, Lucía Arregui, Miguel Arroyo, José Antonio Mendoza, Andrea Muras, Cristina Álvarez, Cristina García-Vera, Domingo Marquina, Antonio Santos, Susana Serrano
Quorum sensing (QS) is a mechanism dependent on bacterial density. This coordinated process is mediated by the synthesis and the secretion of signal molecules, called autoinducers (AIs). N -acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) are the most common AIs that are used by Gram-negative bacteria and are involved in biofilm formation. Quorum Quenching (QQ) is the interference of QS by producing hydrolyzing enzymes, among other strategies. The main objective of the present study was to identify QS and QQ strains from MBR wastewater treatment plants...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783258/-theoretical-grounds-of-a-structural-and-functional-model-for-quality-assurance-of-radiation-diagnostics-under-conditions-of-development-of-the-modern-health-care-system-in-ukraine
#17
Oleg A Korop, Sergiy V Lenskykh
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Modern changes in the health care system of Ukraine are focused on financial support in providing medical and diagnostic care to the population and are based on deep and consistent structural and functional transformations. They are aimed at providing adequate quality care, which is the main target function and a principal criterion for operation of health care system. The urgency of this problem is increasing in the context of reforming the health care system and global changes in the governmental financial guarantees for the provision of medical services to the population...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783256/-psychological-features-of-the-motivation-component-in-the-training-of-doctors-in-the-system-of-postgraduate-education
#18
Svitlana Koshova, Viktoriia Horachuk, Valerii Pishchykov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Тhe problem of motivating adult learning in postgraduate education has so far been the subject of study primarily in methodological and pedagogical studies. They focus on the analysis of the content side of the motivation of adult learning activities. As for the problem of the dynamics of motivation for adult learning activities, including for doctors in the system of postgraduate medical education with continuous professional development, it has not been sufficiently studied so far...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783244/some-features-of-the-behavior-of-alcohol-dependent-persons
#19
Ihor М Karpinets, Oksana V Marusyn
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Alcoholism is characterized by psychological dependence and changes in human behavior, which affects the person's relationship with the social environment. The aim: to determine the behavior of alcohol dependent persons basing on the retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: On the basis of narcological offices of healthcare establishments and narcological clinic in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast, 552 people being in follow-up by a narcologist as addicted or abused have been examined for a specially developed extended program based on a standardized AUDIT screening test...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#20
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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