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traumatic abdominal wall hernia

Érica F S Azevedo, Daniela R Costa E Silva, Tamires V S Natividade, Elane G Giese, Ana Rita DE Lima, Paola C Soares, Érika Branco
The wall of the diaphragm can be affected by changes caused by physical trauma, allowing the passage of viscera between the abdominal cavity and thoracic cavity, thus reducing the space for pulmonary expansion, leading to the formation of hernia and possible death. Thus, we aimed to characterize, size and determine the topography of the diaphragmatic muscle in the Southern Tamandua, since clinical and surgical activities in wild animals have become a reality more and more present in veterinary medicine. We used six adult animals, x-rayed and dissected, followed by collection of fragments of muscular portions for histological analysis...
April 16, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Magnus Strøh Schmidt, Jacob Rosenberg, Mette Astrup Tolver
This is a systematic review of existing literature on the diagnostic modalities and treatment of traumatic abdominal wall hernia caused by bicycle handlebar injury in children. 
METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted covering incidents involving children below 17 years of age. Data were extracted regarding gender, age, diagnostic modality, timing of surgery, location of hernia, associated injuries, management and recurrence of hernia.
 RESULTS: A total of 62 cases of handlebar hernia were included in the systematic review...
January 2018: Danish Medical Journal
K D Singh, V Singh, P Gupta, R Mani
Traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWHs) are relatively uncommon entities. Common mechanisms that predispose to such hernias include motor vehicle accidents, seat belt injuries, fall from height, handlebar injuries, and bullfighting. Bullhorn injury leading to TAWHs is an uncommon mechanism. We report here one such patient who was managed by laparoscopic transperitoneal anatomical repair of the defect using polypropylene suture. The patient recovered well without any complication and is being followed up. Such small defects can be managed laparoscopically and tissue-only repair using a nonabsorbable suture is a feasible option...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Stephen Kaminski, Shawn Diamond
Abdominal wall hernias are a rare but important consequence of blunt trauma. The optimal timing and the method of repair are not well described in the current surgical literature. Advances in laparoscopic techniques have offered new options for treatment of this problem. We describe the case of a 43-year-old man who suffered a blunt traumatic lumbar hernia. He was taken to the operating room during his initial hospitalization where a laparoscopic repair was performed with the additional implantation of prosthetic mesh...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Shanna A Matalon, Reza Askari, Jonathan D Gates, Ketan Patel, Aaron D Sodickson, Bharti Khurana
Abdominal wall injuries occur in nearly one of 10 patients coming to the emergency department after nonpenetrating trauma. Injuries range from minor, such as abdominal wall contusion, to severe, such as abdominal wall rupture with evisceration of abdominal contents. Examples of specific injuries that can be detected at cross-sectional imaging include abdominal muscle strain, tear, or hematoma, including rectus sheath hematoma (RSH); traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH); and Morel-Lavallée lesion (MLL) (closed degloving injury)...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Daniel Pickett, James Geiger, John J Leskovan, Joshua Moore, Julie M Stausmire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Mirko Bertozzi, Elisa Magrini, Sara Riccioni, Giuseppe Di Cara, Antonino Appignani
Traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWHs) can be defined as a herniation through disrupted musculature and fascia associated with blunt trauma. They are seen in approximately 1% of patients with blunt abdominal trauma. Data on TAWH in the pediatric population are very limited and principally based on case reports and a few case series. Past reports have indicated that the presence of the "handlebar sign" confers an increased risk of internal injury. Concomitant internal injuries are reported with an incidence between 25% and 70%, and occult hernias may also occur and are usually detected only by abdominal computed tomography scan and ultrasonography...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Lori B Bjork, Shawna D Bellew, Tobias Kummer
Traumatic abdominal wall hernias due to blunt abdominal trauma in pediatric patients can pose a diagnostic challenge because of spontaneous hernia reduction. Ultrasonography may be superior to computed tomography for this indication in some cases because of the ability to dynamically and repeatedly assess the area of injury. Herniation can be induced or exaggerated via Valsalva maneuvers, which can facilitate its detection during dynamic assessment. We present the case of a 3-year-old boy who sustained blunt abdominal trauma, with a resultant abdominal wall hernia that was diagnosed using point-of-care ultrasound imaging...
May 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Frank-Leonel Tianyi, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Handlebar hernias are very rare and arise following a sudden force from a handle-like object impacting a focal area of the abdomen, which results in a disruption of the underlying abdominal muscle and fascia without necessarily disrupting the overlying skin. Other than a reducible swelling on the abdominal wall, the physical examination of such patients is usually unremarkable and the diagnosis could easily be missed. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8-year-old Cameroonian boy with no significant past history presented to our emergency service with a tender left flank swelling following a road traffic accident...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Gemma Pascual, Marta Rodríguez, Bárbara Pérez-Köhler, Claudia Mesa-Ciller, Mar Fernández-Gutiérrez, Julio San Román, Juan M Bellón
The less traumatic use of surgical adhesives rather than sutures for mesh fixation in hernia repair has started to gain popularity because they induce less host tissue damage and provoke less postoperative pain. This study examines the host tissue response to a new cyanoacrylate (CA) adhesive (n-octyl, OCA). Partial defects (3 × 5 cm) created in the rabbit anterior abdominal wall were repaired by mesh fixation using OCA, Glubran2(®)(n-butyl-CA), Ifabond(®)(n-hexyl-CA) or sutures. Samples were obtained at 14/90 days for morphology, collagens qRT-PCR/immunofluorescence and biomechanical studies...
April 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Zeineb Mzoughi, Rached Bayar, Hamdi Khmiri, Lassad Gharbi, Mohamed Taher Khalfallah
Post traumatic anterior abdominal wall hernia can be ignored in emergency settings. We here report the case of a 32-year-old patient with a BMI of 30 kg/m(2), suffering from anterior abdominal wall hernia as a result of a road accident. This lesion wasn't detected during clinical examination. Abdominal tomodensitometry showed a defect of 8 cm in the anterior abdominal wall. The patient underwent surgery during which a musculoaponeurotic defect of 12 cm was detected. The repair was carried out using interrupted suture...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Yar Muhammad, Khalid Masood Gondal, Umair Ahmed Khan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Bogota bag for closure of open abdominal wounds after laparotomy where the primary closure cannot be achieved and other closure techniques are not available. METHODS: The descriptive study was conducted at Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from September 2011 to February2015, and comprised patients who underwent laparotomy and peritoneal cavities and who could not be closed primarily because of various reasons like traumatic loss and oedematous gut...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
D Pathak, R Mukherjee, P Das, D Pathak, A Gangopadhyay, S Das
Traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) is a rare clinical entity in terms of aetiology. It occurs following a blunt abdominal injury with energy high enough to cause disruption of the musculoaponeurotic layer but not the elastic skin layer. It is often associated with underlying intra-abdominal injuries, which can be diagnosed either clinically or radiologically. We report a case of TAWH in a young man with associated large bowel transection, which remained undiagnosed in the preoperative period owing to its masked features...
September 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Z Fan, J Pan, X Liu, C Zhuang, J Ren, H Yu, S Tang, S Wang
Introduction There are several classifications for abdominal hernias, and a non-traumatic lateral wall hernia (LAWH) is a rare type. We report the first case of a patient with LAWH infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Case History A 53-year-old HIV-infected male presented with an abdominal mass. The patient had a history of treatment with combination antiretroviral therapy. A LAWH was diagnosed based on physical examination and findings of computed tomography. Open mesh repair was undertaken successfully...
July 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Osama S Al Beteddini, Samir Abdulla, Osama Omari
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic abdominal wall hernia is a rare but serious diagnosis resulting from blunt abdominal trauma. The clinical diagnosis is not usually straightforward and the hernia is often discovered at the time of the surgical exploration for intra-abdominal injuries or by imaging studies. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 25-year-old obese, restraint, male patient was the victim of a high-speed road traffic accident. Among other injuries, he showed extensive skin maceration and bruising over the lower abdomen and flanks upon presentation, however he did not need any surgical intervention...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Alžbeta Ginelliová, Daniel Farkaš, Silvia Farkašová Iannaccone, Vlasta Vyhnálková
In this paper we report the autopsy findings of a long-term warfarinized 60-year-old man who died unexpectedly 2 days after undergoing laparoscopic transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair. In his medical records it was stated that the perioperative and postoperative period was uneventful with no sign of bleeding and he was discharged the day after surgery. Autopsy revealed massive bleeding in the pre-peritoneal space at the surgery site and a massive left inguinal canal hematoma spreading through the spermatic cord to the left scrotum...
June 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Soner Akbaba, Rıza Haldun Gündoğdu, Hande Temel, Mehmet Oduncu
Traumatic abdominal wall hernia after blunt trauma is a rare entity. They can easily be overlooked in patients who have multiple trauma, as its signs and symptoms may be variable due to the presence of multiple injuries. Imaging with computed tomography or ultrasound confirms the diagnosis as well as identifying any associated injuries. Although surgery is the standard treatment for traumatic abdominal wall hernias, there is no consensus on the early or late repair of the defect. Some authors recommend early surgical intervention in order to avoid the risk of intra-abdominal organ injury, incarceration, and strangulation...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Carla Faria Orlandini, Denis Steiner, André Giarola Boscarato, Gabriel Coelho Gimenes, Luiz Romulo Alberton
BACKGROUND: Defects in the abdominal wall of horses have high relapse rate. This is mainly in lateral eventrations and hernias caused by trauma from kicks of other horses or installation structures. The eventration region normally becomes swollen and there may be complications due to intestinal loop incarceration. The surgical treatment, consisting of reconstruction of the abdominal wall, frequently require biological or synthetic materials for the reinforcement of the suture line and tension support...
March 19, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Satish B Dharap, Jarin Noronha, Vineet Kumar
Trauma laparotomy after blunt abdominal trauma is conventionally indicated for patients with features of hemodynamic instability and peritonitis to achieve control of hemorrhage and control of spillage. In addition, surgery is clearly indicated for the repair of posttraumatic diaphragmatic injury with herniation. Some other indications for laparotomy have been presented and discussed. Five patients with blunt abdominal injury who underwent laparotomy for nonroutine indications have been presented. These patients were hemodynamically stable and had no overt signs of peritonitis...
January 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Takeshi Nishimura, Atsunori Nakao, Ayana Okamoto, Noritomo Fujisaki, Joji Kotani
BACKGROUND: Traumatic abdominal hernia is rare and difficult to diagnose from physical symptoms. PATIENT: A 60-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with complaints of vomiting after falling off a bicycle and hitting her abdomen against one of the handlebars 2 days earlier. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated abdominal wall hernia from blunt trauma to the left upper abdomen. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, and the herniated bowel loop was not found to be perforated or gangrenous...
December 2015: Surgical Case Reports
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