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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798953/the-ethanolic-stem-bark-extract-of-antrocaryon-micraster-inhibits-carrageenan-induced-pleurisy-and-pedal-oedema-in-murine-models-of-inflammation
#1
Leslie B Essel, David D Obiri, Newman Osafo, Aaron O Antwi, Babatunde M Duduyemi
We investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of a 70% v/v ethanol extract of the stem bark of Antrocaryon micraster on murine models of carrageenan-induced pleurisy and paw oedema. Rat pleural fluid was analysed for volume, protein content, and leucocytes, while lung histology was assessed for damage. Lung tissue homogenates were assayed for glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde (MDA), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the stem bark...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797003/pleural-effusion-in-multiple-myeloma-characteristics-and-practice-patterns
#2
Ja Min Byun, Ki Hwan Kim, In Sil Choi, Jin Hyun Park, Jin-Soo Kim, Dong-Yeop Shin, Youngil Koh, Inho Kim, Sung-Soo Yoon, Hyo Jeong Lim
In many Asian countries battling with the double burden of increasing noninfectious diseases on top of infectious diseases, multiple myeloma (MM) patients presenting with pleural effusion (PE) pose a great diagnostic challenge. Thus, we aimed to analyze the clinical features and practice patterns of such patients. This is a multicenter retrospective study of newly diagnosed MM patients between January 2011 and December 2015. Among 575 MM patients diagnosed during the study period, 80 (13.9%) that were associated with PE were identified and analyzed...
August 11, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795307/sex-symptom-severity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatology
#3
REVIEW
Marco Krasselt, Christoph Baerwald
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) show a striking female predominance ranging from 3:1 in RA up to 9:1 in SLE. The background for those gender bias is not fully understood yet, but seems to be the result of a complex interaction between sex hormones, (epi-)genetics, and possibly even the composition of gut microbiota. Moreover, time of disease onset, the clinical phenotype including co-morbidities as well as the course of the diseases during life differ between genders...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748883/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-tuberculosis-in-immunocompromised-patients
#4
Abdul Massiah Metry, Issa Al Salmi, Seif Al-Abri, Faisal Al Ismaili, Yaqoub Al Mahrouqi, Alan Hola, Faissal A M Shaheen
The United States Renal Data System showed 1.2% and 1.6% incidences of tuberculosis (TB) in patients on peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis (HD), respectively. Kidney transplant (KTX) patients have higher rates. We studied the epidemiology and outcome of TB in patients with kidney dysfunction in a tertiary care hospital in the past decade. We examined data of patients with TB with and without kidney dysfunction from 2006 to 2015 through an electronic system. Statistical analysis was completed using Stata software, Chicago, IL, USA...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746225/ulcerative-colitis-with-acute-pleurisy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Shuming Lu, Lihua Wang, Weisheng Zhang, Zhuqing Zhang, Lina Liu, Yingde Wang, Hua Meng
RATIONALE: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease, are associated with a large number of extraintestinal manifestations. Pulmonary manifestations are infrequently seen in patients with IBD. Moreover, serositis including pleural and pericardial manifestations in UC is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of UC with acute pleurisy in a 43-year-old man; review literature; and discuss the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731666/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumonia-a-case-report
#6
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728264/-exploratory-research-on-diagnostic-essentials-of-pediatric-tuberculous-pleurisy
#7
H Xu, J R Liu, S Y Zhao
Objective: To summarize the clinical diagnostic essentials of pediatric tuberculous pleurisy so as to reduce the misdiagnosis rate. Method: A retrospective study was conducted on 113 cases of tuberculous pleurisy who were seen from August 2006 to September 2014 in the second Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University. Meanwhile, another 113 cases of children over 5 years of age with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia complicated with pleural effusion were randomly selected as control group...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721286/open-stone-surgery-a-still-in-use-approach-for-complex-stone-burden
#8
Özer Ural Çakici, Kemal Ener, Murat Keske, Serkan Altinova, Abdullah Erdem Canda, Mustafa Aldemir, Arslan Ardicoglu
INTRODUCTION: Urinary stone disease is a major urological condition. Endourologic techniques have influenced the clinical approach and outcomes. Open surgery holds a historic importance in the management of most conditions. However, complex kidney stone burden may be amenable to successful results with open stone surgery. In this article, we report our eighteen cases of complex urinary stone disease who underwent open stone removal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1701 patients have undergone surgical treatment for urinary stone disease in our clinic between July 2012 and July 2016, comprising eighteen patients who underwent open stone surgery...
June 30, 2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717083/pirfenidone-induced-eosinophilic-pleurisy
#9
Isano Hase, Bunpei Yamaguchi, Hidenori Takizawa, Hiroaki Arakawa, Hideo Sakuma, Koichi Fujiu, Hideaki Miyamoto, Yoshiki Ishii
The patient was a 69-year-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis who was taking pirfenidone. After 7 weeks of treatment, he suffered from left-sided eosinophilic pleurisy. Medical thoracoscopy was performed and the histopathological examination of the parietal pleura revealed the massive infiltration of eosinophils and lymphoid follicles. After stopping pirfenidone therapy, the patient's pleural effusion disappeared without additional treatment, and never recurred. This is the first case report of pirfenidone-induced pleurisy...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690865/delaying-pigs-from-the-normal-production-flow-is-associated-with-health-problems-and-poorer-performance
#10
Julia Adriana Calderón Díaz, Alessia Diana, Laura Ann Boyle, Finola C Leonard, Máire McElroy, Shane McGettrick, John Moriarty, Edgar García Manzanilla
BACKGROUND: Delaying pigs from advancing through the production stages could have a negative impact on their health and performance. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible implications of delaying pigs from the normal production flow on pig health and performance in a farrow-to-finish commercial farm with a self-declared All-In/All-Out (AIAO) management. RESULTS: Three flows of pigs were defined, flow 1 (i.e. pigs that followed the normal production flow; 8 weeks in the nursery stage, 4 weeks in the growing stage and 8 weeks in the finisher stage), flow 2 (i...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690754/-pancreatic-pleural-fistula-in-children-a-rare-cause-of-great-abundant-pleurisy
#11
Aida Daib, Youssef Hellal, Malek Boughdir, Rabiaa Ben Abdallah, Nejib Kaabar
Pancreatic-pleural fistula is a very rare complication of false cysts of the pancreas. Our study aimed to describe this rare pathology affecting children. We emphasized the importance of evoking this diagnosis in the presence of great abundant pleurisy even in the absence of the digestive signs. We here report the case of a 2-year old child with false cyst of the pancreas complicated by pleural fistula detected after great abundant pleurisy with no digestive signs associated.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674427/comparison-of-laboratory-testing-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleurisy-in-china
#12
Qing Zhang, Caicun Zhou
To evaluate the diagnostic utilities of different methods for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) detection in pleural fluid that represent potentially cost-effective measures for resource-limited settings in China. We compared diagnostic characteristics of the AmpSure simultaneous amplification and testing method, the BACTEC MGIT 960 system, and acid-fast bacilli staining of specimen smears for detection of M. tuberculosis in pleural fluids of 438 patients with suspected tuberculous pleurisy. Chest radiographs, computed tomography scans and the results of sputum and pleural biopsy testing were used for confirmations of tuberculosis diagnoses...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657497/hesperidin-attenuates-inflammation-and-oxidative-damage-in-pleural-exudates-and-liver-of-rat-model-of-pleurisy
#13
Stephen Adeniyi Adefegha, Daniela Bitencourt Rosa Leal, Ayodeji Augustine Olabiyi, Ganiyu Oboh, Livia Gelain Castilhos
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the potential anti-inflammatory effect of hesperidin against carrageenan induced pleurisy in rat model. METHODS: Twenty-four adult female Wistar rats (350 - 450g) were grouped as follows: Group I: rats were administered saline solution only (Normal control group); Group II: rats were administered saline solution (NaCl 0.9%) orally and injected with carrageenan (Inflammation control group); Group III: rats were administered hesperidin only (Hesperidin group); Group IV: rats were administered hesperidin orally and intrapleurally injected with 2% carrageenan (Inflammation treated with hesperidin group)...
June 28, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648009/-diagnostic-performance-of-t-spot-tb-on-peripheral-blood-in-combination-with-adenosine-deaminase-on-pleural-fluid-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleurisy-within-different-age-group
#14
H Y Xu, D Q Zhang, J R Ye, S S Su, Y P Xie, C S Chen, Y P Li
Objective: To evaluate the performance of T cell enzyme-linked immuno-spot assay (T-SPOT) on peripheral blood in combination with adenosine deaminase (ADA) on pleural fluid for diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) pleurisy within different age groups. Methods: The data of patients with pleural effusion from the Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from April 2012 to November 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, and the diagnoses of these patients were histopathologically confirmed through medical thoracoscopy...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630405/sex-differences-in-prostaglandin-biosynthesis-in-neutrophils-during-acute-inflammation
#15
Simona Pace, Antonietta Rossi, Verena Krauth, Friederike Dehm, Fabiana Troisi, Rossella Bilancia, Christina Weinigel, Silke Rummler, Oliver Werz, Lidia Sautebin
The severity and course of inflammatory processes differ between women and men, but the biochemical mechanisms underlying these sex differences are elusive. Prostaglandins (PG) and leukotrienes (LT) are lipid mediators linked to inflammation. We demonstrated superior LT biosynthesis in human neutrophils and monocytes, and in mouse macrophages from females, and we confirmed these sex differences in vivo where female mice produced more LTs during zymosan-induced peritonitis versus males. Here, we report sex differences in PG production in neutrophils during acute inflammation...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626109/-secondary-infection-of-traumatic-pulmonary-cyst-misdiagnosed-as-cholesterol-encapsulated-pleural-effusion-a-rare-case-and-review-of-literature
#16
Qianhui Zhou, Jieling Fan, Hong Peng, Ping Chen
Pulmonary cyst is a relatively common benign lesion. It is easy to be misdiagnosed when the cyst complicated with infection. This paper reported a case of a giant traumatic pulmonary cyst (diameter 10 cm) combined with chronic infection. Firstly, the patient was diagnosed as cholesterol pleurisy after undergoing thoracoscopic biopsy. With repeated pleural effusion, the patient was scheduled for right anterolateral thoracotomy, which showed a thin-walled cyst (10 cm in diameter) attached to parietal and diaphragm, with the stem of cavity originated from the right lower lobe after the cyst cavity was dissociated...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610790/mir-30c-is-specifically-repressed-in-patients-with-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#17
Silvana V Spinelli, Rocío Del V Fernández, Luciana Zoff, Bettina Bongiovanni, Ariana Díaz, Luciano D'Attilio, Natalia Santucci, Tomás Alvarez, Marcela M Marchesini, Cristina Bogue, Maria L Bay, Oscar A Bottasso
Tuberculous pleurisy (PLTB) is a common form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It often resolves without chemotherapy being hence considered a rather benign manifestation of the disease. Patients with PLTB mount an effective anti-mycobacterial response, unlike those with active pulmonary TB (pTB) that were shown to present an imbalance in plasma immune and endocrine mediators. In this work, we explored whether expression of the active isoform of the glucocorticoid receptor (hGRα) in the context of the inflammatory-anti-inflammatory responses of TB patients may be associated to microRNA levels...
July 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600113/non-typhi-salmonella-enterica-urinary-tract-infections
#18
G Mellon, C Delanoe, A L Roux, B Heym, O Dubourg, P Hardy, B Chevallier, C Perronne, E Rouveix, J Salomon
OBJECTIVE: Non-typhi Salmonella enterica urinary tract infections (UTIs) are not frequent and rarely reported in the literature. We aimed to characterize clinical presentations and risk factors for the infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of non-typhi Salmonella enterica strains isolated from urine cytobacteriological examinations (UCBE) collected between January 1, 1996 and October 30, 2014 and analyzed by the microbiology laboratories of the university hospitals of the western part of Île-de-France and of Paris, France...
June 6, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596496/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-adjunctive-corticosteroids-in-the-treatment-of-tuberculous-pleurisy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Shuanshuan Xie, Lin Lu, Ming Li, Mengting Xiong, Shunping Zhou, Guoliang Zhang, Aimei Peng, Changhui Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive corticosteroids in the treatment of patients with tuberculous pleurisy. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched. Clinical trials of corticosteroids compared with control were eligible for inclusion. RESULTS: Ten studies (6 randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and 4 non-RCTs) with 957 participants met the inclusion criteria...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588103/mycobacteriumtuberculosis-rv3615c-is-a-highly-immunodominant-antigen-and-specifically-inducespotent-th1-type-immune-responses-in-tuberculosis-pleurisy
#20
Jiangping Li, Juan Shen, Suihua Lao, Xiaomin Li, Jie Liu, Changyou Wu
T-cell responses have been demonstrated essential for preventing M.tb infection. The Th1-cytokines produced by T cells, such as INF-γ, IL-2 and TNF-α, not only limit the invasion of M.tb but also eliminate the pathogen at site of infection. BCG is known to induce Th1-type responses but the protection is inadequate. Identification of immunogenic components in addition to those expressed in BCG and induction of a broad spectrum of Th1-type responses provide options for generating sufficient adaptive immunity...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
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