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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231507/-effect-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-gene-expression-of-neurotransmitters-of-brain-tissue-in-rats-with-post-stroke-depression
#1
Wei Xiao, Xianbao Zhang, Zhen Wang, Yan Wang, Xiaoli Guo, Ling He, Fajun Liang, Huixing Hu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of acupuncture on mRNA of the neurotransmitter serotonin transporter (5-HTT), 5-HT1Areceptor (5-HT1AR), norepinephrineα2 receptor (NEα2R) in brain tissue in rats with post-stroke depression. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a medication group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each one. The model of post-stroke depression was established by occlusion of middle cerebral artery and chronic unpredictable mild stress method...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231496/-acupuncture-combined-with-auricular-point-sticking-therapy-for-post-stroke-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Lin Zhang, Yan Zhong, Shulin Quan, Yehui Liu, Xuehui Shi, Zhenguang Li, Jingjing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of acupuncture combined with auricular point sticking based on the western medication for post stroke depression (PSD). METHODS: Sixty patients with PSD were randomly assigned into an acupuncture plus auricular application group (a combination group) and a medication group, 30 cases in each one. 20 mg paroxetine hydrochloride was prescribed orally in the medication group, once a day for continuous 8 weeks. Based on the above treatment, 30-minute acupuncture was used in the combination group for 8 weeks at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenting (GV 24), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Taichong (LR 3), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Fenglong (ST 40), once the other day and three times a week...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228212/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-outcomes-following-mitral-surgery-does-an-obesity-paradox-exist
#3
Filippo Rapetto, Vito D Bruno, Matthew King, Umberto Benedetto, Massimo Caputo, Gianni D Angelini, Raimondo Ascione, Franco Ciulli, Hunaid A Vohra
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to clarify the relationship between body mass index and mitral valve (MV) surgery and to determine whether an 'obesity paradox' exists in the context of surgery for degenerative MV disease. METHODS: In this retrospective single-centre study, we analysed data from 715 patients who underwent mitral surgery for degenerative disease from 2000 to 2015. Patients were classified according to body mass index: underweight (<20 kg/m 2 ), normal weight (20-24...
December 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227260/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-during-the-second-half-year-after-stroke
#4
M Delva, N Lytvynenko, I Delva
Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common and often debilitating sequel of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with different PSF domains over the second half year after stroke occurrence. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points: at 6 months (156 patients), at 9 months (139 patients) and at 12 months (128 patients) after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. Global PSF and certain PSF domains (physical, mental, motivational, activity-related) were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 scale...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#5
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217725/atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-stroke-fatal-thromboembolic-events-and-bleeding-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#6
Mette Søgaard, Flemming Skjøth, Jette Nordstrøm Kjældgaard, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Søren Pihlkjær Hjortshøj, Sam Riahi
OBJECTIVES: Outcomes of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with severe mental disorders are largely unknown. We compared rates of stroke, fatal thromboembolic events and bleeding in patients with AF with and without mental disorders. DESIGN: Nationwide registry-based cohort study. SETTING: Denmark (population 5.6 million), 2000-2015. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with AF with schizophrenia (n=534), severe depression (n=400) or bipolar disease (n=569) matched 1:5 on age, sex and calendar time to patients with AF without mental disorders...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213212/implementation-and-feasibility-of-the-stroke-nursing-guideline-in-the-care-of-patients-with-stroke-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Ingibjörg Bjartmarz, Helga Jónsdóttir, Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir
Background: Nurses often have difficulties with using interdisciplinary stroke guidelines for patients with stroke as they do not focus sufficiently on nursing. Therefore, the Stroke Nursing Guideline (SNG) was developed and implemented. The aim of this study was to determine the implementation and feasibility of the SNG in terms of changes in documentation and use of the guideline in the care of stroke patients on Neurological and Rehabilitation wards, barriers and facilitators, and nurses' and auxiliary nurses' view of the implementation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212562/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-monoaminergic-stabiliser-osu6162-in-treatment-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#8
Marie Karin Lena Nilsson, Olof Zachrisson, Carl-Gerhard Gottfries, Michael Matousek, Birgitta Peilot, Sara Forsmark, Robert Christiaan Schuit, Maria Lizzie Carlsson, Angelica Kloberg, Arvid Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: The monoaminergic stabiliser (-)-OSU6162 has in previous studies shown promising effects on mental fatigue after stroke and traumatic brain injury. This study investigated the safety and effectiveness of (-)-OSU6162 in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. METHODS: A total of 62 patients were randomly assigned to placebo or (-)-OSU6162. Primary outcomes were assessment on the mental fatigue scale (MFS) and the clinical global impression of change (CGI-C) scale...
December 7, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212527/anemia-is-associated-with-incidence-of-dementia-a-national-health-screening-study-in-korea-involving-37-900-persons
#9
Su-Min Jeong, Dong Wook Shin, Ji Eun Lee, Jung Hyeon Hyeon, Jinkook Lee, SangYun Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether anemia is associated with dementia incidence in the elderly. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS) database, we identified 66-year-old subjects (n = 37,900) who were free of dementia and stroke. Anemia (hemoglobin < 12 g/dl for women and < 13 g/dl for men) and the severity of anemia (mild, moderate, or severe) were defined using World Health Organization criteria...
December 6, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211038/prevalence-of-self-reported-diagnosed-cataract-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-south-africans
#10
Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Karl Peltzer, Amelia Crampin, Edmund Ahame, Zinhle Sokhela
This paper estimates the prevalence of self-reported cataract and associated risk factors among individuals aged ≥50 years in South Africa. Data from a nationally-representative cross-sectional Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) (N = 3646) conducted in South Africa from 2007-2008 was analyzed. The primary outcome was self-reported cataract, and exposures included socio-demographics, self-reported co-morbidities, and behavioral factors. Linearized multivariate logistic regression models were used...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209479/a-brief-psychotic-episode-with-depressive-symptoms-in-silent-right-frontal-lobe-infarct
#11
Salziyan Badrin, Noraini Mohamad, Nor Akma Yunus, Maryam Mohd Zulkifli
Psychiatric symptoms may be related to a silent cerebral infarct, a phenomenon that has been described previously in literature. Acute psychosis or other neuropsychiatric symptoms including depression may present in stroke patients and patients with lesions either within the prefrontal or occipital cortices, or in subcortical areas such as the basal ganglia, thalamus, mid-brain, and brainstem. Psychosis in clinical stroke or in silent cerebral infarction is uncommon and not well documented in the literature...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208999/associations-between-childhood-body-size-and-seventeen-adverse-outcomes-analysis-of-65-057-european-women
#12
Jingmei Li, Mikael Eriksson, Wei He, Per Hall, Kamila Czene
Large childhood body size has been consistently shown to be associated with decreased breast cancer risk. However, it is important to consider the effects of a large childhood body size on other adult diseases. It is not clear if the associations between childhood body size and adult diseases will persist if they later attain healthy weight. The associations between body size at age 7 and 17 adverse outcomes in adulthood were examined using Cox models in a Swedish study of 65,057 women. Large body size at age 7, when compared to small body size, was associated with decreased risk for breast cancer (HR [95% CI]: 0...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207726/pleiotropic-effects-of-losartan-in-hypertensive-patients-with-dyslipidemia
#13
Sivakumar Sivasubramaniam, Banupriya Kumarasamy
Introduction: In essential hypertension, the comorbidity of dyslipidemia is very common. In addition to hypertension, dyslipidemia is linked to cardiovascular disease, stroke and decline in renal function. Unlike other angiotensin receptor blockers, Losartan has been claimed to have unique pleiotropic property and thereby decreasing the risk of future cardiovascular complications. Aim: The present study was done to assess on the pleiotropic effect of losartan in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients with dyslipidemia...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207680/correlation-between-cerebellar-metabolism-and-post-stroke-depression-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#14
Lei Zhang, Muzi Li, Rubo Sui
The neurochemical changes that occur in the brain of patients with post-stroke depression (PSD) are not fully understood. This study aims to explore the correlation between cerebellar metabolism changes and PSD using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). Participants were assigned to 3 groups: 60 patients with PSD (PSD group), 60 stroke patients without depression (NOPSD group), and 60 healthy volunteers (HEAL group). T1 WI, T2 WI, DWI and 1H-MRS examination were performed for patients at 14 days, 3 months after the stroke, respectively, and for healthy volunteers once when included in the study...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206727/assessment-of-myocardial-function-and-injury-by-echocardiography-and-cardiac-biomarkers-in-african-children-with-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#15
Simon Kotlyar, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Julius Nteziyaremye, Samuel O Akech, Sophie Uyoga, Rita Muhindo, Christopher L Moore, Kathryn Maitland
OBJECTIVES: Perturbed hemodynamic function complicates severe malaria. The Fluid Expansion as Supportive Therapy trial demonstrated that fluid resuscitation, involving children with severe malaria, was associated with increased mortality, primarily due to cardiovascular collapse, suggesting that myocardial dysfunction may have a role. The aim of this study was to characterize cardiac function in children with severe malaria. DESIGN: A prospective observational study with clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic data collected at presentation (T0) and 24 hours (T1) in children with severe malaria...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204954/chronic-fluoxetine-induces-activity-changes-in-recovery-from-poststroke-anxiety-depression-and-cognitive-impairment
#16
Faranak Vahid-Ansari, Paul R Albert
Poststroke depression (PSD) is a common outcome of stroke that limits recovery and is only partially responsive to chronic antidepressant treatment. In order to elucidate changes in the cortical-limbic circuitry associated with PSD and its treatment, we examined a novel mouse model of persistent PSD. Focal endothelin-1-induced ischemia of the left medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in male C57BL6 mice resulted in a chronic anxiety and depression phenotype. Here, we show severe cognitive impairment in spatial learning and memory in the stroke mice...
December 4, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203753/-definition-and-treatment-of-stroke-over-the-centuries
#17
Anna Starostka-Tatar, Beata Łabuz-Roszak, Michał Skrzypek, Mariusz Gąsior, Marek Gierlotka
Stroke was already diagnosed in the ancient times. For hundreds of years the treatment of this disease has changed radically. According to the current WHO definition, stroke is a clinical syndrome caused by focal or generalized brain injury that lasts more than 24 hours or leads to death and has no other cause than vascular. Stroke constitutes a big social and economic problem, as it can lead to death or disability. In the highly developed countries stroke is the third most common cause of adult deaths, the second leading cause of dementia, and the most common cause of disability...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203746/-effectiveness-of-early-physiotherapy-treatment-for-ischaemic-stroke-patients-suffering-intercurrently-from-post-stroke-depression-and-or-hemispatial-neglect-syndromes
#18
Justyna Ćwieląg, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
Wstęp: Depresja poudarowa i zespoł pomijania stronnego są jednymi z szeregu zaburzeń neurologicznych występujących jako konsekwencje incydentu udarowego. Oba zaburzenia uważa się za czynniki negatywnie wpływające na szybszy powrot pacjenta do zdrowia. Zadaniem wczesnej fizjoterapii po incydencie udarowym jest poprawa funkcji motorycznych oraz poprawa jakości życia pacjenta. Materiał i metody: W badaniu wzięło udział 51 pacjentow zakwalifikowanych do wzięcia udziału w "Narodowym Programie Profilaktyki i Leczenia Chorob Układu Sercowo-Naczyniowego na lata 2006-2008 POLCARD"...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202444/evaluation-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads-in-screening-stroke-patients-for-symptoms-item-response-theory-irt-analysis
#19
Salma A Ayis, Luis Ayerbe, Mark Ashworth, Charles DA Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Variations have been reported in the number of underlying constructs and choice of thresholds that determine caseness of anxiety and /or depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS). This study examined the properties of each item of HADS as perceived by stroke patients, and assessed the information these items convey about anxiety and depression between 3 months to 5 years after stroke. METHODS: The study included 1443 stroke patients from the South London Stroke Register (SLSR)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202106/proposing-a-new-stroke-specific-screening-tool-for-depression-examination-of-construct-validity-and-reliability
#20
Akin Ojagbemi, Mayowa Owolabi, Joshua Akinyemi, Bruce Ovbiagele
Objectives: The optimal tool for identifying depression after stroke is yet to be identified. In the present study, we propose a new context-specific screening tool for PSD and examined its construct validity and reliability within existing data on recent stroke survivors. Methods: We assessed baseline data being collected as part of an intervention to improve one-year blood pressure control among recent (≤one month) stroke survivors. Depression was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D)...
December 2017: ENeurologicalSci
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