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First bite syndrome

Hafsa Aziz, Aadarash Zia, Amania Anwer, Muneeba Aziz, Shazia Fatima, Muhammad Faheem
ZIKV has emerged as grave global health issue in the past few years. ZIKV was firstly isolated in 1947 from a rhesus sentinel monkey in the Zika forest in Uganda. It is usually transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes and infects skin fibroblasts, skin keratinocytes etc. ZIKV until now was under reported because of its clinical similarity with the dengue and chikungunya. It usually spread through the course of the sylvatic cycle. In this cycle, the virus or pathogen lifespan is spent between the wild animal and vectors...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Arif Türkmen, Metin Temel
BACKGROUND: In the literature, there is a lack of a consensus about the occurrence of the compartment syndrome due to the snake bites. There are different concepts for the surgical treatment of the threshold value of the chamber pressure. There are many different classifications and assessment criteria for the snakebites. PURPOSE: There is not any appropriate classification in order to the assessment of extremity snake bites while making a decision for fasciotomy...
December 2016: Injury
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To describe Zika Virus (ZIKV) epidemiology, current phobia, and the required preparedness for its prevention during the upcoming Mass Gathering (MG) events. METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, WHO, CDC, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Google, and Cochrane library were extensively searched for ZIKV. Articles were reviewed, scrutinized and critically appraised and the most relevant articles were utilized. RESULTS: ZIKV is an emerging Flavivirus which was first isolated from Uganda in 1947...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Mehmet Özgür Avinçsal, Yurie Hiroshima, Hitomi Shinomiya, Hirotaka Shinomiya, Naoki Otsuki, Ken-Ichi Nibu
OBJECTIVE: First bite syndrome is the development of pain in the ipsilateral parotid region after the first few bites of food and can be seen after surgery of the upper cervical region. The aim of this study is to highlight the etiology of this potentially debilitating chronic pain syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 53 patients undergoing surgery of the upper neck between 2002 and 2013. RESULTS: FBS developed in 16 patients (30%)...
August 12, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Gregory B Firth, Matthew Street, Yammesh Ramguthy, Linda Doedens
Snake bites occur commonly in the rural areas of South Africa. Hospitals where snake bites are uncommon should always have protocols on standby in the event of such cases presenting. This is the first reported case documenting the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on snake bite in South African children.A case report and review of relevant information about the case was undertaken.We present a case of a 1-year-old child referred from a peripheral hospital following a snake bite to the left upper limb with a compartment syndrome and features of cytotoxic envenomation...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Aziz-un-Nisa Abbasi
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus belonging to flaviviridae family that includes Dengue, West Nile, and Yellow Fever among others. Zika virus was first discovered in 1947 in Zika forest of Uganda. It is a vector borne disease, which has been sporadically reported mostly from Africa, Pacific islands and Southeast Asia since its discovery. ZIKV infection presents as a mild illness with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after the bite of an infected mosquito. Majority of the patients have low grade fever, rash, headaches, joints pain, myalgia, and flu like symptoms...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Gabriela Dumitrita Stanciu, Gheorghe Solcan
BACKGROUND: Acute Idiopathic Polyradiculoneuritis, an animal model for the axonal form of the Guillain - Barre Syndrome in humans and the acquired myasthenia gravis are different autoimmune disorders affecting the peripheral nerves and the neuromuscular junction, respectively. Both lead to muscle weakness and possible respiratory failure. The coexistence of these two entities combined in the same patient is rare in humans and, to our knowledge, the present case is the first reported in dogs...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Shuo Zhang, Dexin Li
Since Zika virus (ZIKV) has firstly been isolated in 1947, Uganda, outbreaks of Zika fever have been reported in many areas such as in Africa, Southeast Asia and America. Imported cases in China also have been reported. Zika virus belongs to the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, and include Africa subtype and Asia subtype. It is a mosquito-borne virus primarily transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Sexual transmission, Blood transmission and mother-to-fetus transmission were also reported. Zika virus can go though blood-brain barrier and infect central nervous system...
January 2016: Bing du Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Virology
Jonathan E Benjamin, Anthony S Stein
Adults with relapsed/refractory B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a complete remission (CR) rate of 20-45% and median overall survival of 3-9 months, depending on the duration of the first remission and number of lines of salvage therapy. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is the only curative option for adult patients with relapsed/refractory ALL, and achievement of CR is a crucial step before alloHSCT. Blinatumomab is a bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE®) antibody construct with dual specificity for CD19 and CD3, simultaneously binding CD3-positive cytotoxic T cells and CD19-positive B cells, resulting in T-cell-mediated serial lysis of normal and malignant B cells...
June 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Fatih Şahiner
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an enveloped RNA virus that belongs to the Flaviviridae family. Although more than 60 years have passed since the discovery and first reported human cases of the virus, only a small number (< 10) of cases had been encountered in the literature until the last 10 years. Zika virus was known as a virus which caused sporadic infections and was confined to Africa and Asia along a narrow equatorial line. In 2007, however, the first major outbreak of ZIKV occurred in Yap Island (Micronesia), and so it was reported for the first time outside of Africa and Asia...
April 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Stuart D Dowall, Victoria A Graham, Emma Rayner, Barry Atkinson, Graham Hall, Robert J Watson, Andrew Bosworth, Laura C Bonney, Samantha Kitchen, Roger Hewson
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne pathogen which has recently spread beyond Africa and into Pacific and South American regions. Despite first being detected in 1947, very little information is known about the virus, and its spread has been associated with increases in Guillain-Barre syndrome and microcephaly. There are currently no known vaccines or antivirals against ZIKV infection. Progress in assessing interventions will require the development of animal models to test efficacies; however, there are only limited reports on in vivo studies...
May 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Emilio Dirlikov, Kyle R Ryff, Jomil Torres-Aponte, Dana L Thomas, Janice Perez-Padilla, Jorge Munoz-Jordan, Elba V Caraballo, Myriam Garcia, Marangely Olivero Segarra, Graciela Malave, Regina M Simeone, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Lourdes Romero Reyes, Francisco Alvarado-Ramy, Angela F Harris, Aidsa Rivera, Chelsea G Major, Marrielle Mayshack, Luisa I Alvarado, Audrey Lenhart, Miguel Valencia-Prado, Steve Waterman, Tyler M Sharp, Brenda Rivera-Garcia
Zika virus is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes species mosquitoes, and symptoms of infection can include rash, fever, arthralgia, and conjunctivitis (1).* Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other severe brain defects (2). Infection has also been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (3). In December 2015, Puerto Rico became the first U.S. jurisdiction to report local transmission of Zika virus, with the index patient reporting symptom onset on November 23, 2015 (4)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Shintaro Kurihara, Akira Satoh, Fuxun Yu, Daisuke Hayasaka, Masayuki Shimojima, Masato Tashiro, Tomomi Saijo, Takahiro Takazono, Yoshifumi Imamura, Taiga Miyazaki, Misuzu Tsukamoto, Katsunori Yanagihara, Hiroshi Mukae, Masayuki Saijo, Kouichi Morita, Shigeru Kohno, Koichi Izumikawa
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV), a novel phlebovirus belonging to the family Bunyaviridae, was reported in China for the first time in 2009. We observed two cases where the SFTSV was isolated for the first time in Nagasaki, Japan, in 2005. Two males in their 60s, a farmer and a hunter, respectively, living in Nagasaki developed SFTS during the same period. The patients developed similar clinical symptoms and signs, such as fever, loss of consciousness, and multiple organ dysfunction...
July 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Hiroshi Hidaka, Daisuke Yamauchi, Fumiyoshi Fujishima, Mika Watanabe, Yumiko Kato, Kazuhiro Nomura, Kenichi Watanabe, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yukio Katori
The objectives of this study were to describe a case of osteoid osteoma arising from the temporal bone manifesting only as first bite syndrome as the sole clinical symptom, to perform a meta-analysis of previously reported cases, and to differentiate the clinical characteristics of osteoid osteoma from those of osteoblastoma arising from the temporal bone. In addition to our case, articles addressing osteoid osteoma or osteoblastoma arising from the temporal bone were selected using PubMed, Embase, and the Japan Medical Abstracts Society database (1954 through 2014), with no language preference...
April 22, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Hui-Lan Chen, Ren-Bin Tang
Prior to 2015, Zika Virus (ZIKV) outbreaks had occurred in areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Although a causal relationship between Zika infection during pregnancy and microcephaly is strongly suspected, such a connection has not yet been scientifically proven. In May 2015, the outbreak of ZIKV infection in Brazil led to reports of syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes; the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed ZIKV infection in Brazil...
April 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Angela Song-En Huang, Pei-Yun Shu, Chin-Hui Yang
Zika virus infection, usually a mild disease transmitted through the bite of Aedes mosquitos, has been reported to be possibly associated with microcephaly and neurologic complications. Taiwan's first imported case of Zika virus infection was found through fever screening at airport entry in January 2016. No virus was isolated from patient's blood taken during acute illness; however, PCR products showed that the virus was of Asian lineage closely related to virus from Cambodia. To prevent Zika virus from spreading in Taiwan, the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control has strengthened efforts in quarantine and surveillance, increased Zika virus infection diagnostic capacity, implemented healthcare system preparedness plans, and enhanced vector control program through community mobilization and education...
April 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Serhan Didinen, Didem Atabek, Gülay Kip, Aslı Patır Münevveroğlu, Özlem Tulunoğlu
The Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is an extremely rare genetic disorder with an incidence estimated around 1/25000. PKS is a multiple congenital anomaly deficit syndrome caused by mosaic tissue limited tetrasomy for chromosome 12p. The presented report is the first confirmed case with PKS in Turkey. This report focuses on the orofacial clinical manifestations of an 6-year-old boy with PKS who was referred to the Department of Paediatric Dentistry clinic, Gazi University. It has been learned that the PKS was diagnosed 1 year after birth...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Pablo Bachiller-Luque, Marta Domínguez-Gil González, Jesús Álvarez-Manzanares, Ana Vázquez, Fernando De Ory, M Paz Sánchez-Seco Fariñas
We report a case of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in a patient with diarrhea, fever, synovitis, non-purulent conjunctivitis, and with discreet retro-orbital pain, after returning from Colombia in January 2016. The patient referred several mosquito bites. Presence of ZIKV was detected by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) in plasma. Rapid microbiological diagnosis of ZIKV infection is needed in European countries with circulation of its vector, in order to avoid autochthonous circulation. The recent association of ZIKV infection with abortion and microcephaly, and a Guillain-Barré syndrome highlights the need for laboratory differentiation of ZIKV from other virus infection...
April 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Mary Jiayi Tao, Graham Roche-Nagle
First bite syndrome (FBS) is an uncommon pain syndrome characterised by severe cramping or spasm in the parotid region with the first bite of each meal. The proposed pathogenesis is sympathetic denervation of the parotid gland secondary to iatrogenic injury with resultant cross-stimulatory parasympathetic hypersensitivity response. FBS is a potential sequela of surgeries involving the infratemporal fossa, parapharyngeal space and/or deep lobe of the parotid gland, however, only four cases of FBS secondary to carotid endarterectomy have been documented to date...
March 18, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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