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First bite syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877999/sudden-cardiac-arrest-while-eating-a-hot-dog-a-rare-presentation-of-brugada-syndrome-in-a-child
#1
Isa Ozyilmaz, Bedir Akyol, Yakup Ergul
Patients who are diagnosed with Brugada syndrome (BS) usually experience sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and arrhythmia when they have a high fever, consume alcohol, and, more frequently, during their night sleep. In some rare cases, an SCA can be seen depending on a possible vagal stimulus, such as eating a large bite of food. We describe a 9-year-old patient who had a sudden cardiac attack while he was eating a large hot dog. After successful resuscitation, a suspicious ST elevation in V2 was seen in his electrocardiographic evaluation...
September 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830248/naja-atra-snakebite-in-taiwan
#2
Yan-Chiao Mao, Po-Yu Liu, Liao-Chun Chiang, Chih-Sheng Lai, Kuo-Lung Lai, Cheng-Hsuan Ho, Te-Huo Wang, Chen-Chang Yang
BACKGROUND: Naja atra snakebite is uncommon in Taiwan and causes distinct effects on its victims. Although the Taiwan government produces its own specific antivenom, little information on the management of N. atra snakebite is available. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 183 patients admitted to two medical centers. Of these, 45 were identified as definite cases of N. atra snakebite, 86 as suspected cases, and 52 as clinical cases. Demographic data, symptomatology, and management were compared between these case groups...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790849/immunotargeting-relapsed-or-refractory-precursor-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-role-of-blinatumomab
#3
REVIEW
Manon Queudeville, Rupert Handgretinger, Martin Ebinger
Patients with refractory or relapsed (R/R) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a dismal prognosis of around 5% long-term survival when treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy and allogenic stem cell transplantation. T-cell immunobased strategies open up new therapeutic perspectives. Blinatumomab is the first of a new class of antibody constructs that was labeled bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE): it consists of two single chain variable fragment connected with a flexible linker, one side binding CD3, the other CD19...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774267/two-confirmed-cases-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-with-pneumonia-implication-for-a-family-cluster-in-east-china
#4
Yiyi Zhu, Huanyu Wu, Jie Gao, Xin Zhou, Renyi Zhu, Chunzhe Zhang, Hongling Bai, Abu S Abdullah, Hao Pan
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) was first reported in China in 2011. Human-to-human transmission of the virus occurred occasionally in family clusters. However, pneumonia as an onset syndrome was not common in most SFTS cases. Our aim is to report a family cluster of SFTS with clinical manifestation of pneumonia in Shanghai. METHODS: Epidemiologic investigations were conducted when a family cluster of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) infection was identified in Shanghai in June 2016...
August 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769893/imported-zika-virus-in-a-european-city-how-to-prevent-local-transmission
#5
Joan-Pau Millet, Tomàs Montalvo, Ruben Bueno-Marí, Arancha Romero-Tamarit, Albert Prats-Uribe, Lidia Fernández, Esteve Camprubí, Lucía Del Baño, Victor Peracho, Jordi Figuerola, Elena Sulleiro, Miguel J Martínez, Joan A Caylà
Background: On February 1st 2016 the WHO declared the Zika Virus (ZIKV) infection a worldwide public health emergency because of its rapid expansion and severe complications, such as Guillain-Barré Syndrome or microcephaly in newborn. The huge amount of people traveling to endemic areas and the presence of Aedes albopictus in Barcelona increase the risk of autochtonous transmission. The objective of this study was to describe the first ZIKV cases diagnosed in our city and to analyze the surveillance, prevention, and control measures implemented to avoid autochthonous transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606645/detection-of-causative-agents-of-tick-borne-rickettsioses-in-western-siberia-russia-identification-of-rickettsia-raoultii-and-rickettsia-sibirica-dna-in-clinical-samples
#6
Y Igolkina, E Krasnova, V Rar, M Savelieva, T Epikhina, A Tikunov, N Khokhlova, V Provorova, N Tikunova
OBJECTIVES: The main causative agent of tick-borne rickettsioses in Siberia is considered to be Rickettsia sibirica; however, only a few cases have been genetically confirmed. Other pathogenic species of Rickettsia have been detected in ixodid ticks in Western Siberia. The aim of this study was to detect the aetiological agents of tick-borne rickettsioses in Western Siberia and compare their clinical manifestations. METHODS: A total of 273 blood and 44 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 273 patients hospitalized because of tick-transmitted infection in April-September 2016 were examined for the presence of Rickettsia spp...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429036/a-review-of-zika-virus-infections-in-pregnancy-and-implications-for-antenatal-care-in-singapore
#7
Harvard Zhenjia Lin, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Eu Leong Yong, Arijit Biswas, Shiao-Yng Chan
Given the consensus that there is a causal relationship between Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in pregnancy and congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), clinicians must be prepared to manage affected patients despite the numerous gaps in current knowledge. The clinical course in pregnancy appears similar to that in non-pregnant women, although viraemia may be prolonged. ZIKV infection can be diagnosed by serum and urine reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, but commercially available serological tests are currently unreliable in dengue-endemic regions...
April 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396739/nephrotic-syndrome-due-to-minimal-change-disease-secondary-to-spider-bite-clinico-pathological-case-of-a-non-described-complication-of-latrodectism
#8
Gonzalo P Méndez, Daniel Enos, José Luis Moreira, Fátima Alvaredo, David Oddó
The patient was an 18-year-old man who developed nephrotic syndrome after a 'wheat spider' bite (Latrodectus mactans). Due to this atypical manifestation of latrodectism, a renal biopsy was performed showing minimal change disease. The nephrotic syndrome subsided after 1 week without specific treatment. This self-limited evolution suggests that the mechanism of podocyte damage was temporary and potentially mediated by a secondary mechanism of hypersensitivity or direct effect of the α-latrotoxin. The patient did not show signs of relapse in subsequent checkup...
April 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207688/transmission-of-zika-virus-haiti-october-12-2015-september-10-2016
#9
Ito Journel, Lesly L Andrécy, Dudley Metellus, Jean S Pierre, Rose Murka Faublas, Stanley Juin, Amber M Dismer, David L Fitter, Daniel Neptune, Marie José Laraque, Salomon Corvil, Manise Pierre, Josiane Buteau, Donald Lafontant, Roopal Patel, Jean Frantz Lemoine, David W Lowrance, Macarthur Charles, Jacques Boncy, Paul Adrien
Zika virus disease is caused by infection with a flavivirus with broad geographic distribution and is most frequently transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease was first identified in the World Health Organization's Region of the Americas in 2015 and was followed by a surge in reported cases of congenital microcephaly in Brazil; Zika virus disease rapidly spread to the rest of the region and the Caribbean (1), including Haiti. Infection with the virus is associated with adverse fetal outcomes (1) and rare neurologic complications in adults...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118925/treatment-of-the-first-bite-syndrome
#10
María Costales-Marcos, Fernando López Álvarez, Laura Fernández-Vañes, Justo Gómez, José Luis Llorente
First bite syndrome is a potential complication of surgery involving the infratemporal fossa, deep lobe of the parotid gland and parapharyngeal space. It is described as an acute and intense pain in the parotid region caused with the first bite of each meal. It is related to damage to sympathetic innervation of the parotid gland. Parasympathetic hyperactivation is believed to stimulate an exaggerated myoepithelial cell contraction causing pain. Usual analgesic treatments have poor results. Botulinum toxin type A causes parasympathetic nerve paralysis of the parotid gland and this fact would minimize salivation and decrease first bite syndrome...
January 21, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035106/zika-virus-infection-past-and-present-of-another-emerging-vector-borne-disease
#11
REVIEW
Hercules Sakkas, Vangelis Economou, Chrissanthy Papadopoulou
Zika virus infection is an emerging mosquito-borne disease, first identified in Uganda in 1947. It is caused by the Zika arbovirus, and transmitted by the bites of infected mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. For almost half a century, the Zika virus was reported as the causative agent of sporadic human infections. In 2007, the Zika virus emerged outside Asia and Africa causing an epidemic on the Island of Yap in Micronesia. The manifestation of the newly acquired human infection varies from asymptomatic to self-limiting acute febrile illness with symptoms and clinical features similar to those caused by the Dengue virus ('Dengue-like syndrome')...
October 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032327/emerging-zika-virus-infection-a-rapidly-evolving-situation
#12
Licia Bordi, Tatjana Avsic-Zupanc, Eleonora Lalle, Francesco Vairo, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Pedro Fernando da Costa Vasconcelos
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, firstly identified in Uganda and responsible for sporadic human cases in Africa and Asia until recently, when large outbreak occurred in Pacific Ocean and the Americas. Since the main vectors during its spread outside of Africa have been Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes, which are widely distributed all over the world, there is urgent need for a coordinated response for prevention and spread of ZIKV epidemics.Despite clinical manifestation of Zika virus infection are usually mild and self limiting, there are reports suggesting, during the recent epidemic, an association of ZIKV infection with severe consequences, including fetal/newborn microcephaly, due to vertical in utero transmission, autoimmune-neurological presentations including cranial nerve dysfunction, and Guillain-Barré Syndrome in adults...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017625/first-case-of-dress-syndrome-attributed-to-a-spider-bite
#13
Alexia Eyraud, Lucile Boursault, Anne-Sophie Darrigade, Alain Taieb, Brigitte Milpied
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966802/zika-virus-a-new-threat-to-human-reproduction
#14
REVIEW
David Baud, Didier Musso, Manon Vouga, Marco P Alves, Nicolas Vulliemoz
Zika virus (ZIKV) was first isolated in 1947 in a rhesus monkey from the Zika forest of Uganda. Until 2007, only 14 human cases were reported. The first large human outbreak occurred in 2007 (Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia, Pacific) followed by French Polynesia in 2013 and Brazil in 2015. The virus is mainly transmitted through Aedes mosquito bites, but sexual and post-transfusion transmissions have been reported. Symptoms include low-grade fever, maculopapular rash, conjunctivitis, myalgia, arthralgia, and asthenia...
February 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862008/zika-virus-global-health-challenge-threat-and-current-situation
#15
REVIEW
Hafsa Aziz, Aadarash Zia, Amania Anwer, Muneeba Aziz, Shazia Fatima, Muhammad Faheem
ZIKV has emerged as grave global health issue in the past few years. ZIKV was firstly isolated in 1947 from a rhesus sentinel monkey in the Zika forest in Uganda. It is usually transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes and infects skin fibroblasts, skin keratinocytes, etc. ZIKV until now was under reported because of its clinical similarity with the dengue and chikungunya. It is usually spread through the course of the sylvatic cycle. In this cycle, the virus or pathogen lifespan is spent between the wild animal and vectors...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810154/algorithmic-approach-to-the-prevention-of-unnecessary-fasciotomy-in-extremity-snake-bite
#16
Arif Türkmen, Metin Temel
BACKGROUND: In the literature, there is a lack of a consensus about the occurrence of the compartment syndrome due to the snake bites. There are different concepts for the surgical treatment of the threshold value of the chamber pressure. There are many different classifications and assessment criteria for the snakebites. PURPOSE: There is not any appropriate classification in order to the assessment of extremity snake bites while making a decision for fasciotomy...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648063/zika-virus-epidemiology-current-phobia-and-preparedness-for-upcoming-mass-gatherings-with-examples-from-world-olympics-and-pilgrimage
#17
REVIEW
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To describe Zika Virus (ZIKV) epidemiology, current phobia, and the required preparedness for its prevention during the upcoming Mass Gathering (MG) events. METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, WHO, CDC, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Google, and Cochrane library were extensively searched for ZIKV. Articles were reviewed, scrutinized and critically appraised and the most relevant articles were utilized. RESULTS: ZIKV is an emerging Flavivirus which was first isolated from Uganda in 1947...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527641/first-bite-syndrome-an-11-year-experience
#18
Mehmet Özgür Avinçsal, Yurie Hiroshima, Hitomi Shinomiya, Hirotaka Shinomiya, Naoki Otsuki, Ken-Ichi Nibu
OBJECTIVE: First bite syndrome is the development of pain in the ipsilateral parotid region after the first few bites of food and can be seen after surgery of the upper cervical region. The aim of this study is to highlight the etiology of this potentially debilitating chronic pain syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 53 patients undergoing surgery of the upper neck between 2002 and 2013. RESULTS: FBS developed in 16 patients (30%)...
August 12, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477178/trichotillomania-bizzare-patern-of-hair-loss-at-11-year-old-girl
#19
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399076/mortality-following-snake-bite-envenomation-by-bitis-arietans-in-an-hiv-positive-child-a-case-report
#20
Gregory B Firth, Matthew Street, Yammesh Ramguthy, Linda Doedens
Snake bites occur commonly in the rural areas of South Africa. Hospitals where snake bites are uncommon should always have protocols on standby in the event of such cases presenting. This is the first reported case documenting the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on snake bite in South African children.A case report and review of relevant information about the case was undertaken.We present a case of a 1-year-old child referred from a peripheral hospital following a snake bite to the left upper limb with a compartment syndrome and features of cytotoxic envenomation...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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