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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329297/automated-multivariate-analysis-of-multi-sensor-data-submitted-online-real-time-environmental-monitoring
#1
Ingvar Eide, Frank Westad
A pilot study demonstrating real-time environmental monitoring with automated multivariate analysis of multi-sensor data submitted online has been performed at the cabled LoVe Ocean Observatory located at 258 m depth 20 km off the coast of Lofoten-Vesterålen, Norway. The major purpose was efficient monitoring of many variables simultaneously and early detection of changes and time-trends in the overall response pattern before changes were evident in individual variables. The pilot study was performed with 12 sensors from May 16 to August 31, 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322280/direct-cardiovascular-impact-of-sglt2-inhibitors-mechanisms-and-effects
#2
REVIEW
Abdullah Kaplan, Emna Abidi, Ahmed El-Yazbi, Ali Eid, George W Booz, Fouad A Zouein
Diabetes is a global epidemic and a leading cause of death with more than 422 million patients worldwide out of whom around 392 million alone suffer from type 2 diabetes (T2D). Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are novel and effective drugs in managing glycemia of T2D patients. These inhibitors gained recent clinical and basic research attention due to their clinically observed cardiovascular protective effects. Although interest in the study of various SGLT isoforms and the effect of their inhibition on cardiovascular function extends over the past 20 years, an explanation of the effects observed clinically based on available experimental data is not forthcoming...
January 11, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321173/an-autophagy-independent-role-for-atg41-in-sulfur-metabolism-during-zinc-deficiency
#3
Michael D Bucci, Erin Weisenhorn, Spencer Haws, Zhiyuan Yao, Ginelle Zimmerman, Molly Gannon, Janet Taggart, Traci Lee, Daniel J Klionsky, Jason Russell, Joshua Coon, David J Eide
The Zap1 transcription factor of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a key regulator in the genomic responses to zinc deficiency. Among the genes regulated by Zap1 during zinc deficiency is the autophagy-related gene ATG41 Here, we report that Atg41 is required for growth in zinc-deficient conditions but not when zinc is abundant or when other metals are limiting. Consistent with a role for Atg41 in macroautophagy, we show that nutritional zinc deficiency induces autophagy and that mutation of ATG41 diminishes that response...
January 10, 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313627/kardiomyopati-ved-arvelig-skjelettmuskeldystrofi
#4
Nina Eide Hasselberg, Knut Erik Berge, Magnhild Rasmussen, Andreas Früh, Kristin Ørstavik, Kristina Hermann Haugaa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311402/atypical-abdominal-pain-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis
#5
Liz Toapanta-Yanchapaxi, Eid-Lidt Guering, Ignacio García-Juárez
The causes of abdominal pain in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites are well-known but occasionally, atypical causes arise. We report the case of a patient with a ruptured, confined abdominal aortic aneurysm.
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305519/antigen-specific-antitumor-responses-induced-by-ox40-agonist-are-enhanced-by-ido-inhibitor-indoximod
#6
Zuzana Berrong, Mikayel Mkrtichyan, Shamim Ahmad, Mason Webb, Eslam Mohamed, Grigori Okoev, Adelaida Matevosyan, Rajeev Shrimali, Rasha Abu Eid, Scott Hammond, John E Janik, Samir N Khleif
Although an immune response to tumors may be generated using vaccines, so far, this approach has only shown minimal clinical success. This is attributed to the tendency of cancer to escape immune surveillance via multiple immune suppressive mechanisms. Successful cancer immunotherapy requires targeting these inhibitory mechanisms along with enhancement of antigen-specific immune responses to promote sustained tumor-specific immunity. Here we evaluated the effect of indoximod, an inhibitor of the immunosuppressive indoleamine-(2,3)-dioxygenase (IDO) pathway, on antitumor efficacy of anti-OX40 agonist in the context of vaccine in the IDO- TC-1 tumor model...
January 5, 2018: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304778/inflammation-and-glucose-homeostasis-are-associated-with-specific-structural-features-among-adults-without-knee-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#7
Alina C Stout, Mary F Barbe, Charles B Eaton, Mamta Amin, Fatimah Al-Eid, Lori Lyn Price, Bing Lu, Grace H Lo, Ming Zhang, Jincheng Pang, Timothy E McAlindon, Jeffrey B Driban
BACKGROUND: Greater age and body mass index are strong risk factors for osteoarthritis (OA). Older and overweight individuals may be more susceptible to OA because these factors alter tissue turnover in menisci, articular cartilage, and bone via altered glucose homeostasis and inflammation. Understanding the role of inflammation and glucose homeostasis on structural features of early-stage OA may help identify therapeutic targets to delay or prevent the onset of OA among subsets of adults with these features...
January 5, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304136/effect-of-intensive-multifactorial-treatment-on-vascular-progenitor-cells-in-hypertensive-patients
#8
Charbel Maroun-Eid, Adriana Ortega-Hernández, Javier Modrego, María Abad-Cardiel, José Antonio García-Donaire, Leonardo Reinares, Nieves Martell-Claros, Dulcenombre Gómez-Garre
BACKGROUND: Most hypertensive patients, despite a proper control of their cardiovascular risk factors, have cardiovascular complications, evidencing the importance of controlling and/or reversing target-organ damage. In this sense, endothelial dysfunction has been associated with the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and related cardiovascular outcomes. Since hypertension often clusters with other risk factors such as dyslipemia, diabetes and obesity, in this study we have investigated the effect of intensive multifactorial treatment on circulating vascular progenitor cell levels on high-risk hypertensive patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297199/a-call-for-action-improve-reporting-of-research-studies-to-increase-the-scientific-basis-for-regulatory-decision-making
#9
Marlene Ågerstrand, Sofie Christiansen, Annika Hanberg, Christina Rudén, Lars Andersson, Sjur Andersen, Henrik Appelgren, Christine Bjørge, Ian Henning Clausen, Dag Markus Eide, Nanna B Hartmann, Trine Husøy, Halldór Pálmar Halldórsson, Marianne van der Hagen, Ellen Ingre-Khans, Adam David Lillicrap, Vibe Meister Beltoft, Anna-Karin Mörk, Mari Murtomaa-Hautala, Elsa Nielsen, Kristín Ólafsdóttir, Jaana Palomäki, Hinni Papponen, Emilie Marie Reiler, Helene Stockmann-Juvala, Tiina Suutari, Henrik Tyle, Anna Beronius
This is a call for action to scientific journals to introduce reporting requirements for toxicity and ecotoxicity studies. Such reporting requirements will support the use of peer-reviewed research studies in regulatory decision-making. Moreover, this could improve the reliability and reproducibility of published studies in general and make better use of the resources spent in research.
January 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291420/vitamin-c-and-e-chronic-supplementation-differentially-affect-hepatic-insulin-signaling-in-rats
#10
Mennatallah A Ali, Rania M H M Eid, Mervat Y Hanafi
Aim Vitamin C and vitamin E supplementations and their beneficial effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been subjected to countless controversial data. Hence, our aim is to investigate the hepatic molecular mechanisms of any diabetic predisposing risk of the chronic administration of different doses of vitamin E or vitamin C in rats. MAIN METHODS: The rats were supplemented with different doses of vitamin C or vitamin E for eight months. KEY FINDINGS: Vitamin C and vitamin E increased fasting blood glucose, insulin, and homeostasis model assessment index for insulin resistance (HOMA)...
December 29, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291245/host-susceptibility-to-snake-fungal-disease-is-highly-dispersed-across-phylogenetic-and-functional-trait-space
#11
Frank T Burbrink, Jeffrey M Lorch, Karen R Lips
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) reduce host population sizes, cause extinction, disassemble communities, and have indirect negative effects on human well-being. Fungal EIDs have reduced population abundances in amphibians and bats across many species over large areas. The recent emergence of snake fungal disease (SFD) may have caused declines in some snake populations in the Eastern United States (EUS), which is home to a phylogenetically and ecologically diverse assembly of 98 taxa. SFD has been documented in only 23 naturally occuring species, although this is likely an underestimate of the number of susceptible taxa...
December 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288094/mucus-pvpa-mucus-phospholipid-vesicle-based-permeation-assay-an-artificial-permeability-tool-for-drug-screening-and-formulation-development
#12
Margherita Falavigna, Mette Klitgaard, Christina Brase, Selenia Ternullo, Nataša Škalko-Basnet, Gøril Eide Flaten
The mucus layer covering all mucosal surfaces in our body is the first barrier encountered by drugs before their potential absorption through epithelial tissues, and could thus affect the drugs' permeability and their effectiveness. Therefore, it is of key importance to have in vitro permeability models that can mimic this specific environment. For this purpose, the novel mucus phospholipid vesicle-based permeation assay (mucus-PVPA) has been developed and used for permeability screening of drugs and formulations...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284681/a-novel-aggf1-pdgfr%C3%AE-fusion-in-pediatric-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
Matthew S Zabriskie, Orlando Antelope, Anupam R Verma, Lauren R Draper, Christopher A Eide, Anthony D Pomicter, Thai Hoa Tran, Brian J Druker, Jeffrey W Tyner, Rodney R Miles, James M Graham, Jae-Yeon Hwang, Katherine E Varley, Reha M Toydemir, Michael W Deininger, Elizabeth A Raetz, Thomas O'Hare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282549/heavy-metal-concentrations-in-roadside-soil-and-street-dust-from-petra-region-jordan
#14
Eid Musa Eid Alsbou, Omar Ali Al-Khashman
Concentrations of Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn were measured in the samples of street dust and surface roadside soil before Jordan switched to unleaded fuel usage. The samples were collected from Petra, the most tourist-attractive site in Jordan. The samples were analyzed for heavy metals by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Our results show that the distribution of metals in the soil samples is affected by wind direction in the investigated area. The highest level of metals was found in the eastern parts of the roads due to the westerly-dominant wind in the studied area...
December 28, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278010/pre-liver-transplant-psychosocial-evaluation-predicts-post-transplantation-outcomes
#15
Ariel A Benson, Mina Rowe, Ahmad Eid, Keren Bluth, Hadar Merhav, Abed Khalaileh, Rifaat Safadi
Psychosocial factors greatly impact the course of patients throughout the liver transplantation process. A retrospective chart review was performed of patients who underwent liver transplantation at Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center between 2002 and 2012. A composite psychosocial score was computed based on the patient's pre-transplant evaluation. Patients were divided into two groups based on compliance, support and insight: Optimal psychosocial score and Non-optimal psychosocial score. Post-liver transplantation survival and complication rates were evaluated...
December 26, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261707/field-evaluation-of-hiv-point-of-care-testing-for-early-infant-diagnosis-in-cape-town-south-africa
#16
Lorna Dunning, Max Kroon, Nei-Yuan Hsiao, Landon Myer
BACKGROUND: Early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) coverage and uptake remains challenging. Point-of-care (POC) testing may improve access and turn-around-times, but, while several POC technologies are in development there are few data on their implementation in the field. METHODS: We conducted an implementation study of the Alere q Detect POC system for EID at two public sector health facilities in Cape Town. HIV-exposed neonates undergoing routine EID testing at a large maternity hospital and a primary care clinic received both laboratory-based HIV PCR testing per local protocols and a POC test...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242316/colorectal-cancer-consensus-molecular-subtypes-translated-to-preclinical-models-uncover-potentially-targetable-cancer-cell-dependencies
#17
Anita Sveen, Jarle Bruun, Peter W Eide, Ina A Eilertsen, Lorena Ramirez, Astrid Murumägi, Mariliina A Arjama, Stine A Danielsen, Kushtrim Kryeziu, Elena Elez, Josep Tabernero, Justin Guinney, Hector G Palmer, Arild Nesbakken, Olli Kallioniemi, Rodrigo Dienstmann, Ragnhild A Lothe
PURPOSE: Response to standard oncological treatment is limited in colorectal cancer (CRC). The gene expression-based consensus molecular subtypes (CMS) provide a new paradigm for stratified treatment and drug repurposing, however, drug discovery is currently limited by the lack of translation of CMS to preclinical models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We analyzed CMS in primary CRCs, cell lines and patient-derived xenografts (PDXs). For classification of preclinical models, we developed an optimized classifier enriched for cancer cell-intrinsic gene expression signals, and performed high-throughput in vitro drug screening (n=459 drugs) to analyze subtype-specific drug sensitivities...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240891/primary-ovarian-insufficiency-and-azospermia-in-carriers-of-a-homozygous-psmc3ip-stop-gain-mutation
#18
Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha, Ihab Abdulhamed Ahmed, Esther Nuebel, Mika Moriwaki, Barry Moore, Katherine A Peacock, Tim Mosbruger, Deborah W Neklason, Lynn B Jorde, Mark Yandell, Corrine K Welt
Context: The etiology of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) remains unknown in a majority of cases. Objective: We sought to identify genes causing POI. Design: The study was a familial genetic study. Setting: The study was performed in two academic institutions. Patients: We identified a consanguineous Yemeni family in which 4 daughters had POI. A brother had azoospermia. Intervention: DNA was subjected to whole genome sequencing...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240693/estimated-dietary-intakes-of-toxic-elements-from-four-staple-foods-in-najran-city-saudi-arabia
#19
Hatem Mohamed, Parvez I Haris, Eid I Brima
Exposure of the inhabitants of Najran area in Saudi Arabia to the toxic elements As, Cd, Cr, and Pb through foods has not been previously investigated. Exposure to such elements is an important public health issue, so the study described here was performed with the aim of determining estimated dietary intakes (EDIs) for these metals in Najran area. The As, Cd, Cr, and Pb concentrations in four staple foods (rice, wheat, red meat, and chicken) were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was completed by 80 study participants...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239260/a-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-focus-on-manual-and-electric-toothbrushes-effect-on-dental-hygiene-in-nursing-homes
#20
Katrine Gahre Fjeld, Hilde Eide, Morten Mowe, Leiv Sandvik, Tiril Willumsen
OBJECTIVE: A 2-month randomized clinical trial (RCT) study comparing electric and manual toothbrushes used by residents in nursing homes showed significant reduction in plaque score for both groups. The aim of this follow up study was to study if the effect sustained in a longer perspective when toothbrushes were used according to resident's own preference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One year after baseline of the RCT-study, 100 participants were re-examined. The simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) was used as outcome measure on dental plaque...
December 14, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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