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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550630/the-effects-of-different-sewage-sludge-amendment-rates-on-the-heavy-metal-bioaccumulation-growth-and-biomass-of-cucumbers-cucumis-sativus-l
#1
Ebrahem M Eid, Sulaiman A Alrumman, Ahmed F El-Bebany, Abd El-Latif Hesham, Mostafa A Taher, Khaled F Fawy
When sewage sludge is incorrectly applied, it may adversely impact agro-system productivity. Thus, this study addresses the reaction of Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber) to different amendment rates (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 g kg(-1)) of sewage sludge in a greenhouse pot experiment, in which the plant growth, heavy metal uptake and biomass were evaluated. A randomized complete block design with six treatments and six replications was used as the experimental design. The soil electrical conductivity, organic matter and Cr, Fe, Zn and Ni concentrations increased, but the soil pH decreased in response to the sewage sludge applications...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549022/pictorial-review-of-surgical-anatomy-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Carlo N De Cecco, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, José M Madrid Pérez, Marwen Eid, Pal Suranyi, Virginia W Lesslie, Gorka Bastarrika
The survival rate of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) has dramatically improved over the last 2 decades because of technological and surgical advances in diagnosis and treatment, respectively. The vast majority of CHD patients are, in fact, amenable to treatment by either device closure or surgery. Considering the wide spectrum of surgical procedures and complex native and derived anatomy, continuous and detailed follow-up is of paramount importance. Cardiac magnetic resonance and cardiac computed tomography angiography are the cornerstones of diagnosis and follow-up of CHD, allowing for comprehensive noninvasive assessment of the heart, coronary tree, and intrathoracic great vessels, along with both morphological and functional evaluation...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545882/emerging-infectious-diseases-and-blood-safety-modeling-the-transfusion-transmission-risk
#3
REVIEW
Philip Kiely, Manoj Gambhir, Allen C Cheng, Zoe K McQuilten, Clive R Seed, Erica M Wood
While the transfusion-transmission (TT) risk associated with the major transfusion-relevant viruses such as HIV is now very low, during the last 20 years there has been a growing awareness of the threat to blood safety from emerging infectious diseases, a number of which are known to be, or are potentially, transfusion transmissible. Two published models for estimating the transfusion-transmission risk from EIDs, referred to as the Biggerstaff-Petersen model and the European Upfront Risk Assessment Tool (EUFRAT), respectively, have been applied to several EIDs in outbreak situations...
May 15, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541550/integrity-of-immunoglobulin-variable-region-is-supported-by-ganp-during-aid-induced-somatic-hypermutation-in-germinal-center-b-cells
#4
Mohammed Mansour Abbas Eid, Mayuko Shimoda, Shailendra Kumar Singh, Sarah Ameen Almofty, Phuong Pham, Myron F Goodman, Kazuhiko Maeda, Nobuo Sakaguchi
Immunoglobulin (Ig) affinity maturation depends on somatic hypermutation (SHM) in variable (V) regions initiated by activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID). AID induces transition mutations by C→U deamination on both strands, causing C:G→T:A. Error-prone repairs of U by base excision and mismatch repairs create transversion mutations at C/G and mutations at A/T sites. In Neuberger's model, it remained to clarify how transition/transversion repair is regulated. We investigate role of AID-interacting GANP (germinal-center associated nuclear protein) in IgV SHM profile...
May 24, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541088/-when-risk-communication-backfires-randomized-controlled-trial-on-self-affirmation-and-reactance-to-personalized-risk-feedback-in-high-risk-individuals-correction-to-sch%C3%A3-z-sch%C3%A3-z-and-eid-2013
#5
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "When risk communication backfires: Randomized controlled trial on self-affirmation and reactance to personalized risk feedback in high-risk individuals" by Natalie Schüz, Benjamin Schüz and Michael Eid (Health Psychology, 2013[May], Vol 32[5], 561-570). Several errors appear in the data in the Results section. The corrected information is provided. It is noted that, in all cases, the statistical conclusions remain the same. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2013-14977-010...
June 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523249/risk-factors-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-bacteremia
#6
Tala Ballouz, Jad Aridi, Claude Afif, Jihad Irani, Chantal Lakis, Rakan Nasreddine, Eid Azar
Infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii (AB), an increasingly prevalent nosocomial pathogen, have been associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to analyze the clinical features, outcomes, and factors influencing the survival of patients with AB bacteremia. We retrospectively examined the medical records of all patients developing AB bacteremia during their hospital stay at a tertiary care hospital in Beirut between 2010 and 2015. Ninety episodes of AB bacteremia were documented in eighty-five patients...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523220/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chiari-malformation-and-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#7
Radek Frič, Are Hugo Pripp, Per Kristian Eide
OBJECTIVES: Both Chiari malformation type 1 (CMI, i.e., the idiopathic caudal ectopy of cerebellar tonsils into foramen magnum) and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are characterized by reduced intracranial compliance (ICC) due to disturbed circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). An increasing body of evidence links cardiovascular disease to CSF circulation disturbances. The aim of this study was to explore whether the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with CMI or IIH is higher than in the general population...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522923/the-use-of-supportive-communication-when-responding-to-older-people-s-emotional-distress-in-home-care-an-observational-study
#8
Linda Hafskjold, Vibeke Sundling, Sandra van Dulmen, Hilde Eide
BACKGROUND: Responding to older people's distress by acknowledging or encouraging further discussion of emotions is central to supportive, person-centred communication, and may enhance home care outcomes and thereby promote healthy aging. This observational study describes nursing staff's responses to older people's emotional distress, and identify factors that encourage further emotional disclosure. METHODS: Audio-recorded home care visits in Norway (n = 196), including 48 older people and 33 nursing staff, were analysed with the Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences, identifying expressions of emotional distress and subsequent provider responses...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508405/detection-of-cytological-changes-in-oral-mucosa-among-users-of-smokeless-tobacco-shamma-in-the-ksa
#9
Eid I Brima
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use is a major cause of cytological changes in the oral mucosa. ST products, such as shamma, which is prevalent in southern Saudi Arabia, raise concerns about the adverse health effects among its users. We evaluated the cytological changes in the oral mucosa of users and nonusers of shamma in the city of Najran, using Papanicolaou staining. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed questionnaires and consent forms for this study that were administered to a total of 397 participants, comprising 250 nonusers of shamma (controls) and 147 shamma users (cases)...
May 15, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507811/adoptive-natural-killer-cell-therapy-is-effective-in-reducing-pulmonary-metastasis-of-ewing-sarcoma
#10
Alexander A Tong, Hasan Hashem, Saada Eid, Frederick Allen, Daniel Kingsley, Alex Y Huang
The survival of patients with metastatic or relapsed Ewing sarcoma (ES) remains dismal despite intensification of combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy, precipitating the need for novel alternative therapies with minimal side effects. Natural killer (NK) cells are promising additions to the field of cellular immunotherapy. Adoptive NK cell therapy has shown encouraging results in hematological malignancies. Despite these initial promising successes, however, NK cell therapy for solid tumors remains to be investigated using in vivo tumor models...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505603/icariin-protects-against-thioacetamide-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-implication-of-anti-angiogenic-and-anti-autophagic-properties
#11
Mardi M Algandaby, Randa M Breikaa, Basma G Eid, Thikrayat A Neamatallah, Ashraf B Abdel-Naim, Osama M Ashour
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis is a major health problem. The current study evaluated the potential of icariin (ICA) to guard against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver fibrosis in rats. METHODS: Four groups of male rats were treated as follows: group 1 was the control group, group 2 was given TAA (200mg/kg), group 3 was administered ICA (50mg/kg) and TAA (200mg/kg), and group 4 was given ICA (50mg/kg) alone. Animal treatment was continued for four weeks. RESULTS: Co-administration of ICA guarded against TAA hepatotoxicity as indicated by significant inhibition in the rise of serum ALT and AST activities and albumin concentrations...
February 24, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505146/upregulated-autophagy-in-sertoli-cells-of-ethanol-treated-rats-is-associated-with-induction-of-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-inos-androgen-receptor-suppression-and-germ-cell-apoptosis
#12
Akio Horibe, Nabil Eid, Yuko Ito, Hitomi Hamaoka, Yoshihisa Tanaka, Yoichi Kondo
This study was conducted to investigate the autophagic response of Sertoli cells (SCs) to acute ethanol toxicity using in vivo and in vitro models. Adult Wistar rats were intraperitoneally injected with either 5 g/kg ethanol or phosphate-buffered saline (for the control group) and sacrificed 0, 3, 6 and 24 h after injection. Compared to the control group, enhanced germ cell apoptosis was observed in the ethanol-treated rats (ETRs) in association with upregulation of iNOS and reduced expression of androgen receptor protein levels in SCs, which were resistant to apoptosis...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504564/cinematic-rendering-in-ct-a-novel-lifelike-3d-visualization-technique
#13
Marwen Eid, Carlo N De Cecco, John W Nance, Damiano Caruso, Moritz H Albrecht, Adam J Spandorfer, Domenico De Santis, Akos Varga-Szemes, U Joseph Schoepf
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present an overview of cinematic rendering, illustrating its potential advantages and applications. CONCLUSION: Volume-rendered reconstruction, obtaining 3D visualization from original CT datasets, is increasingly used by physicians and medical educators in various clinical and educational scenarios. Cinematic rendering is a novel 3D rendering algorithm that simulates the propagation and interaction of light rays as they pass through the volumetric data, showing a more photorealistic representation of 3D images than achieved with standard volume rendering...
May 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503691/a-rapidly-prototyped-microfluidic-device-for-size-based-nucleic-acid-fractionation-using-isotachophoresis
#14
C Eid, S S Branda, R J Meagher
We present a novel microfluidic device for size-based nucleic acid (NA) fractionation using isotachophoresis (ITP) and an ionic spacer. Our rapid-prototyped laser-cut plastic device has easily modifiable channel dimensions, can process up to 10 μL of sample, and contains an in-line extraction reservoir for minimally-disruptive manual collection of size-fractionated NAs. We designed custom buffering reservoirs using 1 mL pipette tips to provide high buffering capacity and prevent bubbles from entering the microfluidic channels...
May 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500583/laser-induced-acoustic-desorption-electron-ionization-of-amino-acids-and-small-peptides
#15
Tiffany M Jarrell, Benjamin C Owen, James S Riedeman, Boone M Prentice, Chris J Pulliam, Joann Max, Hilkka I Kenttämaa
Laser-induced acoustic desorption (LIAD) allows for desorption of neutral nonvolatile compounds independent of their volatility or thermal stability. Many different ionization methods have been coupled with LIAD. Hence, this setup provides a better control over the types of ions formed than other mass spectrometry evaporation/ionization methods commonly used to characterize biomolecules, such as ESI or MALDI. In this study, the utility of LIAD coupled with electron ionization (EI) was tested for the analysis of common amino acids with no derivatization...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500421/seasonal-fluctuations-of-astrovirus-but-not-coronavirus-shedding-in-bats-inhabiting-human-modified-tropical-forests
#16
Anne Seltmann, Victor M Corman, Andrea Rasche, Christian Drosten, Gábor Á Czirják, Henry Bernard, Matthew J Struebig, Christian C Voigt
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) are considered a major threat to global health. Most EIDs appear to result from increased contact between wildlife and humans, especially when humans encroach into formerly pristine habitats. Habitat deterioration may also negatively affect the physiology and health of wildlife species, which may eventually lead to a higher susceptibility to infectious agents and/or increased shedding of the pathogens causing EIDs. Bats are known to host viruses closely related to important EIDs...
May 12, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498188/the-impact-of-structured-mentor-mother-programs-on-presentation-for-early-infant-diagnosis-testing-in-rural-north-central-nigeria-a-prospective-paired-cohort-study
#17
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Habib O Ramadhani, Christopher Isah, Salome Erekaha, Chinenye Fan-Osuala, Udochisom Anaba, Ebunoluwa A Adejuyigbe, Manhattan Charurat
BACKGROUND: Early infant diagnosis (EID) by 2 months of age is an important prevention of mother-to-child cascade step that serves as an early postpartum indicator of program success. Uptake and timely presentation for infant HIV diagnosis are significant challenges in resource-limited settings. Few studies on maternal peer support (PS) have demonstrated impact on EID. The MoMent study evaluated the impact of structured PS on timely presentation for EID testing in rural North-Central Nigeria...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494212/retinal-toxicity-of-acai-fruit-euterpe-oleracea-dye-concentrations-in-rabbits-basic-principles-of-a-new-dye-for-chromovitrectomy-in-humans
#18
Rafael R Caiado, Cristiane S Peris, Acácio Alves Souza Lima-Filho, Joao Guilherme Palma Urushima, Eduardo Novais, Emmerson Badaró, André Maia, Rita Sinigaglia-Coimbra, Sung Eun S Watanabe, Eduardo B Rodrigues, Michel Eid Farah, Mauricio Maia
PURPOSE: Evaluate toxicity of acai fruit (Euterpe oleracea) dye concentrations in a rabbit model. METHODS: Rabbits were injected intravitreously with 10%, 25%, and 35% acai dye concentrations. Control eyes received balanced salt solution (BSS). Electroretinogram (ERG), fundus imaging, fluorescein angiography (FA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and light and transmission electron microscopy (LM/TEM) were performed. RESULTS: Fundus imaging showed increased vitreous opacity with increased dye concentrations...
May 11, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493908/missed-diagnostic-opportunities-within-south-africa-s-early-infant-diagnosis-program-2010-2015
#19
Ahmad Haeri Mazanderani, Faith Moyo, Gayle G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Samples submitted for HIV PCR testing that fail to yield a positive or negative result represent missed diagnostic opportunities. We describe HIV PCR test rejections and indeterminate results, and the associated delay in diagnosis, within South Africa's early infant diagnosis (EID) program from 2010 to 2015. METHODS: HIV PCR test data from January 2010 to December 2015 were extracted from the National Health Laboratory Service Corporate Data Warehouse, a central data repository of all registered test-sets within the public health sector in South Africa, by laboratory number, result, date, facility, and testing laboratory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490913/health-related-quality-of-life-among-cognitively-intact-nursing-home-residents-with-and-without-cancer-a-6-year-longitudinal-study
#20
Jorunn Drageset, Geir Egil Eide, Anne Corbett
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists regarding the natural development of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its determinants among mentally intact nursing home (NH) residents. We aimed to examine HRQOL over time during a 6-year period among residents of NHs, who are not cognitively impaired, and to examine whether sense of coherence and a diagnosis of cancer influence HRQOL. METHODS: The study was prospective and included baseline assessment and 6-year follow-up...
2017: Patient related Outcome Measures
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