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Hooper Index

Perry Hooper, Sameer Oak, T Sean Lynch, Gehan Ibrahim, Ryan Goodwin, James Rosneck
PURPOSE: To compare the hip morphology of adolescent male patients and female patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and determine if gender differences exist. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 177 adolescents, aged 13 to 18 years, who were treated for FAI with hip arthroscopy. We examined and analyzed preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and plain radiographs, measuring the lateral center-edge angle, Tönnis angle, and alpha angle...
August 8, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Michael Gurven, Megan Costa, Ben Trumble, Jonathan Stieglitz, Bret Beheim, Daniel Eid Rodriguez, Paul L Hooper, Hillard Kaplan
Women exhibit greater morbidity than men despite higher life expectancy. An evolutionary life history framework predicts that energy invested in reproduction trades-off against investments in maintenance and survival. Direct costs of reproduction may therefore contribute to higher morbidity, especially for women given their greater direct energetic contributions to reproduction. We explore multiple indicators of somatic condition among Tsimane forager-horticulturalist women (Total Fertility Rate = 9.1; n =  592 aged 15-44 years, n = 277 aged 45+)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Itegbemie Obaitan, Richard Dwyer, Adam D Lipworth, Thomas S Kupper, Carlos A Camargo, David C Hooper, George F Murphy, Daniel J Pallin
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to quantify trial-to-trial variability in antibiotic failure rates, in randomized clinical trials of cellulitis treatment and to provide a point estimate for the treatment failure rate across trials. METHODS: We conducted a structured search for clinical trials evaluating antibiotic treatment of cellulitis, indexed in PubMed by August 2015. We included studies published in English and excluded studies conducted wholly outside of developed countries because the pathophysiology of cellulitis is likely to be different in such settings...
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lee Hooper, Diane K Bunn, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Rachel Gillings, Amy Jennings, Katie Maas, Sophie Millar, Elizabeth Twomlow, Paul R Hunter, Lee Shepstone, John F Potter, Susan J Fairweather-Tait
BACKGROUND: Water-loss dehydration (hypertonic, hyperosmotic, or intracellular dehydration) is due to insufficient fluid intake and is distinct from hypovolemia due to excess fluid losses. Water-loss dehydration is associated with poor health outcomes such as disability and mortality in older people. Urine specific gravity (USG), urine color, and urine osmolality have been widely advocated for screening for dehydration in older adults. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of urinary measures to screen for water-loss dehydration in older people...
July 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Katrina L Ellis, Amanda J Hooper, John R Burnett, Gerald F Watts
Familial hypercholesterolaemia, familial combined hyperlipidaemia (FCH) and elevated lipoprotein(a) are common, inherited disorders of apolipoprotein B metabolism that markedly accelerate the onset of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). These disorders are frequently encountered in clinical lipidology and need to be accurately identified and treated in both index patients and their family members, to prevent the development of premature ASCVD. The optimal screening strategies depend on the patterns of heritability for each condition...
August 2016: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
K Chamari, W Briki, A Farooq, T Patrick, T Belfekih, C P Herrera
This study assessed selected measures of cognitive function in trained cyclists who observed daylight fasting during Ramadan. Eleven cyclists volunteered to participate (age: 21.6±4.8 years, VO2max: 57.7±5.6 ml kg(-1)·min(-1)) and were followed for 2 months. Cognitive function (Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), Reaction Time index (RTI) and Rapid Visual Information Processing (RVP) tests) and sleep architecture (ambulatory EEG) were assessed: before Ramadan (BR), in the 1st week (RA1) and 4th week of Ramadan (RA4), and 2 weeks post-Ramadan (PR)...
March 2016: Biology of Sport
J A Dockrey, S A R Horsley, I R Hooper, J R Sambles, A P Hibbins
Waves propagating in a negative-index material have wave-front propagation (wavevector, k) opposite in direction to that of energy flow (Poynting vector, S). Here we present an experimental realisation at microwave frequencies of an analogous surface wave phenomenon whereby a metasurface supports a surface mode that has two possible wavevector eigenstates within a narrow band of frequencies: one that supports surface waves with positive mode index, and another that supports surface waves with negative mode index...
2016: Scientific Reports
Paul E Marik, Michael H Hooper
INTRODUCTION: Current clinical practice guidelines recommend providing ICU patients a daily caloric intake estimated to match 80-100 % of energy expenditure (normocaloric goals). However, recent clinical trials of intentional hypocaloric feeding question this approach. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the outcomes of ICU patients randomized to intentional hypocaloric or normocaloric goals. We included randomized controlled trials that enrolled ICU patients and compared intentional hypocaloric with normocaloric nutritional goals...
March 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Stephen R Hooper, Nina Laney, Jerilynn Radcliffe, Divya Moodalbail, Erum A Hartung, Rebecca L Ruebner, Abbas F Jawad, Susan L Furth
OBJECTIVE: To compare behavior ratings of executive functioning in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), using the Behavior Rating Inventory for Executive Functions (BRIEF), with a typically developing comparison group and to examine the correlation between disease severity and ratings of executive functioning. METHODS: Participants included 92 individuals with CKD (eGFR < 90 mL/min per 1.73 m), aged 8 to 25 years, recruited from nephrology clinics in both hospital and community settings...
November 2015: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Nikki Hooper, Harry Sargeant, Chris Frampton, Gary Hooper
BACKGROUND: Uncemented acetabular components have demonstrated low revision rates and high patient satisfaction but with concerns regarding increased costs compared with monoblock cups. Some newer lower-cost uncemented monoblock options have become available in the last decade, but limited data are available on their performance. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does an uncemented, titanium-backed all-polyethylene acetabular cup provide reliable fixation? (2) What is the frequency and what are the causes for revision with this cup? METHODS: Between 2004 and 2008, we elected to use an uncemented, titanium-backed all-polyethylene acetabular cup in older patients with limited physical demands...
December 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Justin A R Lang, James T Pearson, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Megan J Wallace, Melissa L Siew, Marcus J Kitchen, Arjan B te Pas, Andreas Fouras, Robert A Lewis, Graeme R Polglase, Mikiyasu Shirai, Stuart B Hooper
Lung aeration stimulates the increase in pulmonary blood flow (PBF) at birth, but the spatial relationships between PBF and lung aeration and the role of increased oxygenation remain unclear. Using simultaneous phase-contrast X-ray imaging and angiography, we have investigated the separate roles of lung aeration and increased oxygenation in PBF changes at birth using near-term (30 days of gestation) rabbit kits (n = 18). Rabbits were imaged before ventilation, then the right lung was ventilated with 100% nitrogen (N2), air or 100% O2 (oxygen), before all kits were switched to ventilation in air, followed by ventilation of both lungs using air...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Lee Hooper, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Diane Bunn, Tracey Brown, Carolyn D Summerbell, C Murray Skeaff
BACKGROUND: In order to prevent overweight and obesity in the general population we need to understand the relationship between the proportion of energy from fat and resulting weight and body fatness in the general population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of proportion of energy intake from fat on measures of weight and body fatness (including obesity, waist circumference and body mass index) in people not aiming to lose weight, using all appropriate randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies in adults, children and young people SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL to March 2014 and MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL to November 2014...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Deborah L Snell, Richard J Siegert, Lois J Surgenor, Jennifer A Dunn, Gary J Hooper
PURPOSE: Reducing participant burden is important in health research and clinical assessment. We examined the psychometric properties of the EUROHIS-QOL 8-item index, a short version of the 26-item World Health Organisation Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-Bref), in a sample of people receiving joint replacement surgery. METHODS: Participants (n = 1008) completed the WHOQOL-Bref at either 6, 12, 24 or 60 months after hip or knee replacement. The factor structure, differential item functioning (DIF) and unidimensionality of the EUROHIS-QOL 8-item index were examined using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and Rasch analyses...
January 2016: Quality of Life Research
Keyne Charlot, Paul Zongo, Anthony Scott Leicht, Olivier Hue, Olivier Galy
Physiological responses (intensity and recovery kinetics) and well-being indices were examined during a 4-day FIFA international tournament. Ten outfield New Caledonian players (age: 25.5 ± 3.8 years; height: 170 ± 7 cm; weight: 70.7 ± 8.6 kg) were assessed during the four matches. Players' aerobic and anaerobic capacities were measured before the tournament while heart rate (HR), intra-matches recovery and well-being indices (Hooper index) were measured throughout the tournament. HR (168 ± 8 bpm), exercise intensity (83...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Lee Hooper, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Natalie J Attreed, Wayne W Campbell, Adam M Channell, Philippe Chassagne, Kennith R Culp, Stephen J Fletcher, Matthew B Fortes, Nigel Fuller, Phyllis M Gaspar, Daniel J Gilbert, Adam C Heathcote, Mohannad W Kafri, Fumiko Kajii, Gregor Lindner, Gary W Mack, Janet C Mentes, Paolo Merlani, Rowan A Needham, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Andreas Perren, James Powers, Sheila C Ranson, Patrick Ritz, Anne M Rowat, Fredrik Sjöstrand, Alexandra C Smith, Jodi J D Stookey, Nancy A Stotts, David R Thomas, Angela Vivanti, Bonnie J Wakefield, Nana Waldréus, Neil P Walsh, Sean Ward, John F Potter, Paul Hunter
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that water-loss dehydration is common in older people and associated with many causes of morbidity and mortality. However, it is unclear what clinical symptoms, signs and tests may be used to identify early dehydration in older people, so that support can be mobilised to improve hydration before health and well-being are compromised. OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of state (one time), minimally invasive clinical symptoms, signs and tests to be used as screening tests for detecting water-loss dehydration in older people by systematically reviewing studies that have measured a reference standard and at least one index test in people aged 65 years and over...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
V Shashi, W Harrell, S Eack, C Sanders, A McConkie-Rosell, M S Keshavan, M J Bonner, K Schoch, S R Hooper
BACKGROUND: Children with chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) often have deficits in social cognition and social skills that contribute to poor adaptive functioning. These deficits may be of relevance to the later occurrence of serious psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia. Yet, there are no evidence-based interventions to improve social cognitive functioning in children with 22q11DS. METHODS: Using a customised social cognitive curriculum, we conducted a pilot small-group-based social cognitive training (SCT) programme in 13 adolescents with 22q11DS, relative to a control group of nine age- and gender-matched adolescents with 22q11DS...
October 2015: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Ahmad Kaddourah, Susan Uthup, Peace Madueme, Matthew O'Rourke, David K Hooper, Michael D Taylor, Steven D Colan, John L Jefferies, Marepalli B Rao, Jens Goebel
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Isolated aortic dilation (AD) is rare in children. We aimed to determine the prevalence and the risk factors for AD in children with ESRD. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed records of all ESRD patients followed mat our institution from January 2007 to October 2012. AD was defined as Z-score > 2 in the dimension of at least one of the following echocardiographic aortic parameters: annulus, root at the sinus, sino-tubular junction, or ascending aorta...
May 2015: Clinical Nephrology
Ruma Dutta, Julie Hooper, Dipankar Dutta
BACKGROUND: the Minimum Dataset Mortality Risk Index-Revised (MMRI-R) is a prognostic score predicting 6-month mortality in US nursing homes. It has not been validated in the UK nor at the hospital-nursing home interface. METHODS: prospective cohort study of consecutive patients discharged from hospital or intermediate care to nursing homes from January 2012 to January 2014. MMRI-R scoring was done prior to discharge and subsequent deaths were ascertained. Calibration plots, receiver operative characteristic curves with area under the curve (AUC) and an optimal cutpoint were obtained...
July 2015: Age and Ageing
Damon A Bell, Jing Pang, Sally Burrows, Timothy R Bates, Frank M van Bockxmeer, Amanda J Hooper, Peter O'Leary, John R Burnett, Gerald F Watts
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a co-dominantly inherited disorder of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) catabolism, causing elevated LDL-cholesterol and premature coronary artery disease (CAD). Several guidelines recommend genetic cascade screening relatives of probands (index cases) with genetically proven FH, but experience in a clinical service setting is limited. METHODS: Relatives from 100 index cases with genetically confirmed FH underwent genetic and lipid testing via a centralised screening program in Western Australia...
March 2015: Atherosclerosis
Robin A Williams, Amanda J Hooper, Damon A Bell, Cyril D S Mamotte, John R Burnett
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder of phenylalanine (Phe) catabolism resulting from a deficiency of L-phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). An association between hyperphenylalaninaemia (HPA) and hypocholesterolaemia has been reported in children. However, controversy exists as to whether this is due to the low protein diet or to a disruption to cholesterol biosynthesis inherent to those with PKU. We investigated the relationship between blood Phe and plasma cholesterol in 41 apparently healthy adults with PKU (26 female, 15 male, age 18-57 years, median age 26 years) attending a PKU outpatient clinic at an adult tertiary care hospital...
February 2015: Pathology
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