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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193416/chemical-sensory-properties-and-consumer-preference-of-hibiscus-beverages-produced-by-improved-industrial-processes
#1
Maria João P Monteiro, Ana Isabel A Costa, Geneviève Fliedel, Mady Cissé, Aurélie Bechoff, Dominique Pallet, Keith Tomlins, Maria Manuela E Pintado
The need to increase sustainability and add value to traditional foods claiming health benefits led to the introduction of key improvements in the production of hibiscus beverages in Senegal. The physicochemical and sensory properties of three resulting products (an under-vacuum concentrate, a dilute-to-taste syrup and a ready-to-drink infusion) were assessed, vis-à-vis those of conventionally manufactured beverages, and their impact on local consumer preference determined (n=146). New beverages had more intense, redder colour and higher monomeric anthocyanin content, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120274/advanced-gi-surgery-training-a-roadmap-for-the-future-the-white-paper-from-the-ssat-task-force-on-advanced-gi-surgery-training
#2
Matthew M Hutter, Kevin E Behrns, Nathaniel J Soper, Fabrizio Michelassi
There is the need for well-trained advanced GI surgeons. The super specialization seen in academic and large community centers may not be applicable for surgeons practicing in other settings. The pendulum that has been swinging toward narrow specialization is swinging the other way, as many trained subspecialists are having a harder time finding positions after fellowship, and if they do find a position, the majority of their practice can actually be advanced GI surgery and not exclusively their area of focused expertise...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106715/seasonal-effects-on-the-population-morphology-and-reproductive-behavior-of-narnia-femorata-hemiptera-coreidae
#3
Lauren A Cirino, Christine W Miller
Many insects are influenced by the phenology of their host plants. In North Central Florida, Narnia femorata (Hemiptera: Coreidae) spends its entire life cycle living and feeding on Opuntia mesacantha ssp. lata. This cactus begins producing flower buds in April that lead to unripe green fruit in June that ripen into red fruit through December. Many morphological and behavioral characteristics of N. femorata are known to be affected by cactus phenology in a controlled laboratory setting, including the degree of sexual dimorphism and mating behavior...
January 17, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047270/su-f-t-231-improving-the-efficiency-of-a-radiotherapy-peer-review-system-for-quality-assurance
#4
S Hsu, A Basavatia, M Garg, S Kalnicki, W Tome
PURPOSE: To improve the efficiency of a radiotherapy peer-review system using a commercially available software application for plan quality evaluation and documentation. METHODS: A commercial application, FullAccess (Radialogica LLC, Version 1.4.4), was implemented in a Citrix platform for peer-review process and patient documentation. This application can display images, isodose lines, and dose-volume histograms and create plan reports for peer-review process...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982087/an-innovative-concept-of-use-of-redox-active-electrolyte-in-asymmetric-capacitor-based-on-mwcnts-mno2-and-fe2o3-thin-films
#5
Nilesh R Chodankar, Deepak P Dubal, Abhishek C Lokhande, Amar M Patil, Jin H Kim, Chandrakant D Lokhande
In present investigation, we have prepared a nanocomposites of highly porous MnO2 spongy balls and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in thin film form and tested in novel redox-active electrolyte (K3[Fe(CN)6] doped aqueous Na2SO4) for supercapacitor application. Briefly, MWCNTs were deposited on stainless steel substrate by "dip and dry" method followed by electrodeposition of MnO2 spongy balls. Further, the supercapacitive properties of these hybrid thin films were evaluated in hybrid electrolyte ((K3[Fe(CN)6 doped aqueous Na2SO4)...
December 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888255/longitudinal-analysis-of-intervention-effects-on-temptations-and-stages-of-change-for-dietary-fat-using-parallel-process-latent-growth-modeling
#6
Leslie Ann D Brick, Si Yang, Lisa L Harlow, Colleen A Redding, James O Prochaska
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a 20-35 percent daily intake of fat. Resisting the temptation to eat high-fat foods, in conjunction with stage of readiness to avoid these foods, has been shown to influence healthy behavior change. Data (N = 6516) from three randomized controlled trials were pooled to examine the relationships among direct intervention effects on temptations and stage of change for limiting high-fat foods. Findings demonstrate separate simultaneous growth processes in which baseline level of temptations, but not the rate of change in temptations, was significantly related to the change in readiness to avoid high-fat foods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886390/green-yellow-and-red-risk-perception-in-everyday-life-a-communication-tool
#7
A Stensgaard, A DunnGalvin, D Nielsen, M Munch, C Bindslev-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents have the highest risk for food allergy-related fatalities. Our main aim was to investigate the level of risk in everyday social situations as perceived by adolescents/young adults with peanut allergy, their families and their friends. METHODS: The web-based 'Colours Of Risks' (COR) questionnaire was completed by 70 patients (aged 12-23 years), 103 mothers and fathers, 31 siblings (aged 12-26 years), and 42 friends (aged 12-24 years). COR deals with six main contexts (home, school/university, work, visiting/social activities, special occasions/parties, and vacations), each with 1-12 items...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825956/psychosocial-factors-influencing-preferences-for-food-and-nutritional-supplements-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-bangkok-thailand
#8
Santiago Rodas-Moya, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Stephen Kodish, Saskia de Pee, Praphan Phanuphak
Malnutrition and HIV are often coincident and may lead to wasting, a strong predictor of mortality. However; ready to use therapeutic foods (RUTF) are showing promising results in restoring the nutritional status of adult people living with HIV (PLHIV) in resource constrained settings but, its acceptability seems low. This study aimed to identify the psychosocial factors influencing general preferences for food and responses to five potential nutritional supplements to guide the development of novel products to treat malnutrition among PLHIV...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806431/contact-lens-wear-is-intrinsically-inflammatory
#9
REVIEW
Nathan Efron
Eye-care practitioners typically associate ocular inflammation during contact lens wear with serious complications such as microbial keratitis; however, more subtle mechanisms may be at play. This paper tests the notion that contact lens wear is intrinsically inflammatory by exploring whether uncomplicated contact lens wear meets the classical, clinical definition of inflammation - rubor (redness), calor (heat), tumor (swelling), dolor (pain) and functio laesa (loss of function) - as well as the contemporary, sub-clinical definition of inflammation (cellular and biochemical reactions)...
January 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746547/a-comparative-study-of-sterofundin-and-ringer-lactate-based-infusion-protocol-in-scoliosis-correction-surgery
#10
Ashima Sharma, Monu Yadav, B Rajesh Kumar, P Sai Lakshman, Raju Iyenger, Gopinath Ramchandran
BACKGROUND: A major change in anesthesia practice as regards to intraoperative infusion therapy is the present requirement. Switching over to balanced fluids can substantially decrease the incidence of lactic acidosis and hyperchloremic acidosis. The deleterious effects of unbalanced fluids are more recognizable during major surgeries. We prospectively studied the influence of Sterofundin (SF) and Ringer lactate (RL) on acid-base changes, hemodynamics, and readiness for extubation during scoliosis surgery...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670270/development-and-preliminary-psychometric-evaluation-of-decisional-balance-and-self-efficacy-measures-for-managing-anxiety-in-a-national-sample-of-clinically-anxious-adults
#11
Jessica M Lipschitz, Andrea L Paiva, Colleen A Redding, Deborah Levesque, Joseph S Rossi, Risa B Weisberg, James O Prochaska
PURPOSE: Anxiety is the most common and costly mental illness in the United States. Reducing avoidance is a core element of evidence-based treatments. Past research shows readiness to address avoidance affects outcomes. Investigating avoidance from a transtheoretical model (TTM) perspective could facilitate tailored approaches for individuals with low readiness. This study developed and examined psychometric properties of TTM measures for addressing anxiety-based avoidance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640156/a-reliable-method-for-enrichment-of-neutrophils-from-peripheral-blood-in-barramundi-lates-calcarifer
#12
Kelly-Anne Masterman, Andrew C Barnes
Neutrophils are a short-lived, terminally differentiated, innate immune cell, that are critical first responders during infection. Research into neutrophil-pathogen interactions in fish has primarily employed cells derived from the pro-nephros and nephros. Since these sites are also the location of neutrophil and other immune cell development, there may be some ambiguity in maturation and functional ability of these cells, and difficulty in differentiating the effects of neutrophils from those of macrophages and monocytes...
November 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441837/single-shot-smartphone-based-quantitative-phase-imaging-using-a-distorted-grating
#13
Zhenyu Yang, Qiwen Zhan
Blood testing has been used as an essential tool to diagnose diseases for decades. Recently, there has been a rapid developing trend in using Quantitative Phase Imaging (QPI) methods for blood cell screening. Compared to traditional blood testing techniques, QPI has the advantage of avoiding dyeing or staining the specimen, which may cause damage to the cells. However, most existing systems are bulky and costly, requiring experienced personnel to operate. This work demonstrates the integration of one QPI method onto a smartphone platform and the application of imaging red blood cells...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430683/listeria-rhombencephalitis-mimicking-a-demyelinating-event-in-an-immunocompetent-young-patient
#14
Bernhard F Décard, Jan Thöne, Aiden Haghikia, Christian Börnke, Agnes Anders, Carsten Lukas, Ralf Gold
BACKGROUND: Listeriosis caused by listeria monocytogenes (LM) is a potentially lethal foodborne infection of the central nervous system (CNS) and the third most common cause of bacterial meningitis. Foods most commonly implicated are soft cheeses, raw or ready-to-eat meat and pre-processed foods. The incubation time is between 11 and 70 days. Rarely LM rhombencephalitis (RE) can occur, which typically has a biphasic course with non- specific prodromal symptoms like fever, malaise, fatigue, headache, nausea and vomiting followed by cranial nerve palsies, ataxia and hemi- or tetraparesis...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427187/detection-of-new-pathogenic-mutations-in-patients-with-congenital-haemolytic-anaemia-using-next-generation-sequencing
#15
R Del Orbe Barreto, B Arrizabalaga, A B De la Hoz, Á García-Orad, M I Tejada, J C Garcia-Ruiz, T Fidalgo, C Bento, L Manco, M L Ribeiro
INTRODUCTION: Congenital haemolytic anaemia (CHA) refers to a group of genetically heterogeneous disorders, mainly caused by changes in genes encoding globin chains, cytoskeletal proteins and red cell enzymes, in which accurate diagnosis can be challenging with conventional techniques. METHODS: To set-up a comprehensive assay for detecting mutations that could improve aetiological diagnosis, we designed a custom panel for sequencing coding regions from 40 genes known to be involved in the pathogenesis of CHA, using the Ion Torrent(™) (Thermo Fisher Scientific, S...
December 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342394/4-n-butylresorcinol-a-depigmenting-agent-used-in-cosmetics-reacts-with-tyrosinase
#16
Antonio Garcia-Jimenez, Jose Antonio Teruel-Puche, Carmen Vanessa Ortiz-Ruiz, Jose Berna, Jose Tudela, Francisco Garcia-Canovas
4-n-Butylresorcinol (BR) is considered the most potent inhibitor of tyrosinase, which is why it is used in cosmetics as a depigmenting agent. However, this work demonstrates that BR is a substrate of this enzyme. The Em (met-tyrosinase) form is not active on BR, but Eox (oxy-tyrosinase) can act on this molecule, hydroxylating it to o-diphenol. In turn, this is oxidized to an o-quinone, which isomerizes to a red p-quinone. Thus, for tyrosinase to act on this compound, a mechanism to generate Eox in the medium is required, which can be achieved by means of hydrogen peroxide or ascorbic acid...
August 2016: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310485/amphiphilic-copolymers-of-polyfluorene-methacrylates-exhibiting-tunable-emissions-for-ink-jet-printing
#17
Chao Deng, Jun Ling
Functionalized polyfluorene receives more and more attention due to its wide applications. Here, the syntheses of three novel polyfluorene-based methacrylate macromonomers exhibiting a vast flexibility for further applications are reported. Their emissions strongly depend on the end groups and thus the macromonomers provide blue, green, and red emissions simultaneously with the same excitation light of 365 nm. Their well-defined copolymers with 2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization are investigated in detail...
August 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297417/molecular-evaluation-of-selected-periodontal-pathogens-from-subgingival-region-in-canine-and-human-periodontal-disease
#18
Magdalena Gołyńska, Izabela Polkowska, Małgorzata Bartoszcze-Tomaszewska
Dog's commonly serve as a model for various human conditions, including periodontal diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the anaerobic bacteria that colonize the subgingival area in dogs and humans by using rapid tests Real-Time PCR, and to compare the results obtained in each species. Bacterial microflora evaluations, both quantitative and qualitative, were performed with ready-made tests on twelve dogs and twelve humans. Five samples were collected from each patient's deepest gingival pockets, which jointly constituted a collective sample...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271469/laparoscopic-repair-of-irreducible-femoral-hernia-containing-the-fallopian-tube-alone-a-case-report
#19
Nobutoshi Soeta, Takuro Saito, Tetsutaro Nemoto, Ikuro Oshibe, Mitsukazu Gotoh
BACKGROUND: We offer the first report of laparoscopic repair of an irreducible femoral hernia containing the fallopian tube alone. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of a right groin mass with no abdominal symptoms. The mass was located below the inguinal ligament but showed no redness or tenderness. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a 4 × 3-cm cystic mass and enhanced cord-like structure in the right groin area...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075434/stability-of-carotenoids-and-tocopherols-in-ready-to-eat-baby-leaf-lettuce-and-salad-rocket-during-low-temperature-storage
#20
Ramesh Kumar Saini, Xiao Min Shang, Eun Young Ko, Jeong Hee Choi, Young-Soo Keum
Minimally processed ready-to-eat baby-leaf vegetables (BLVs) are the most convenient source to include the health beneficial bioactive in the daily diet. In the present study, the visual quality and storage stability of carotenoids, tocopherols were investigated in lettuce (green and red romaine) and salad rocket BLVs. The commercially packed samples of BLVs were stored at 0 °C and 4 °C in dark conditions and analyzed after 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 days of storage. All the studied samples were found in better visual quality up to eight days of storage at both the temperatures...
August 2015: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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