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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767673/modeling-the-impact-of-folic-acid-fortification-and-supplementation-on-red-blood-cell-folate-concentrations-and-predicted-neural-tube-defect-risk-in-the-united-states-have-we-reached-optimal-prevention
#1
Krista S Crider, Yan Ping Qi, Owen Devine, Sarah C Tinker, Robert J Berry
Background: The US CDC and the Institute of Medicine recommend that women capable of becoming pregnant consume ≥400 µg synthetic folic acid/d to prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). The United States has 3 sources of folic acid: fortified enriched cereal grain products (ECGPs), fortified ready-to-eat (RTE) cereals, and dietary supplements. Objective: Our objectives were as follows: 1) to estimate the usual daily folic acid intake and distributions of red blood cell (RBC) folate concentrations among women consuming folic acid from different sources; 2) to assess the usual daily total folic acid intake associated with optimal RBC folate concentrations for NTD prevention; 3) to predict NTD prevalence; and 4) to estimate the number of preventable folate-sensitive NTDs...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756664/patient-blood-management-how-is-implementation-going-a-report-comparing-the-2015-survey-with-the-2013-survey-of-pbm-in-england
#2
L Sherliker, K Pendry, B Hockley
BACKGROUND: Patient blood management (PBM) is an evidence-based approach to optimising the care of patients who might need transfusion. In 2013, all NHS Trusts in England were surveyed about their readiness to implement PBM. National PBM recommendations were launched in 2014. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine progress of PBM initiatives. METHODS/MATERIALS: A survey was constructed by staff in hospitals and NHS Blood and Transplant (NHSBT)...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741151/national-outbreak-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-linked-to-mixed-salad-leaves-united-kingdom-2016
#3
Maya Gobin, Jeremy Hawker, Paul Cleary, Thomas Inns, Daniel Gardiner, Amy Mikhail, Jacquelyn McCormick, Richard Elson, Derren Ready, Tim Dallman, Iain Roddick, Ian Hall, Caroline Willis, Paul Crook, Gauri Godbole, Drazenka Tubin-Delic, Isabel Oliver
We investigated a large outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 in the United Kingdom (UK) with 165 cases between 31 May and 29 July 2016. No linked cases were reported in other countries. Cases were predominately female (n = 128) and adult (n = 150), 66 attended hospital and nine had features of haemorrhagic uraemic syndrome. A series of epidemiological studies (case-control, case-case, ingredients-based and venue-based studies) and supply chain investigations implicated mixed salad leaves from Supplier A as the likely outbreak vehicle...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721638/prepared-for-mission-a-survey-of-medical-personnel-training-needs-within-the-international-committee-of-the-red-cross
#4
Frederike J C Haverkamp, Harald Veen, Rigo Hoencamp, Måns Muhrbeck, Johan von Schreeb, Andreas Wladis, Edward C T H Tan
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) provide worldwide protection and medical assistance for victims of disaster and conflict. It is important to gain insight into the training needs of the medical professionals who are deployed to these resource scarce areas to optimally prepare them. This is the first study of its kind to assess the self-perceived preparedness, deployment experiences, and learning needs concerning medical readiness for deployment of ICRC medical personnel...
May 2, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653392/electrolyzed-water-and-mild-thermal-processing-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-reduction-of-listeria-monocytogenes-and-changes-in-protein-structure
#5
Mahmoudreza Ovissipour, Setareh Ghorban Shiroodi, Barbara Rasco, Juming Tang, Shyam S Sablani
This study investigated the effect of different electrolyzed water (EO) solutions, including acidic electrolyzed water (AEW) and neutral electrolyzed water (NEW), alone and in combination with mild thermal processing (50, 55, 60, 65 °C) at different exposure times (2, 6, 10 min) on the reduction of Listeria monocytogenes on Atlantic salmon fillets. The effects of the EO water solutions on cell wall structures of L. monocytogenes and on the secondary structure of salmon protein were studied using Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectroscopy...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608084/integrated-primary-care-readiness-and-behaviors-scale-development-and-validation-in-behavioral-health-professionals
#6
Cerissa L Blaney, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva, Joseph S Rossi, James O Prochaska, Bryan Blissmer, Caitlin T Burditt, Justin M Nash, Keri Dotson Bayley
INTRODUCTION: Although integrated primary care (IPC) is growing, several barriers remain. Better understanding of behavioral health professionals' (BHPs') readiness for and engagement in IPC behaviors could improve IPC research and training. This study developed measures of IPC behaviors and stage of change. METHOD: The sample included 319 licensed, practicing BHPs with a range of interests and experience with IPC. Sequential measurement development procedures, with split-half cross-validation were conducted...
March 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563670/prevalence-of-irregular-red-cell-antibody-in-healthy-blood-donors-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-india
#7
Raj Nath Makroo, Saroj Rajput, Soma Agarwal, Mohit Chowdhry, Bindu Prakash, Prashant Karna
BACKGROUND: Alloantibodies may be detected in blood donors who have either been transfused previously or female donors with previous obstetric events. These antibodies can occasionally cause severe transfusion reaction, if a large amount of plasma or whole blood is transfused, as in massive transfusions and pediatric patients. AIMS: The present study aims to assess the prevalence of red cell antibodies in healthy blood donors at a tertiary care hospital-based blood bank in India...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526216/shelf-life-evaluation-of-fresh-cut-red-chicory-subjected-to-different-minimal-processes
#8
Antonio Alfonzo, Raimondo Gaglio, Alessandro Miceli, Nicola Francesca, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Giancarlo Moschetti, Luca Settanni
Microbiological, chemical and physical parameters of minimally processed red chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) subjected to two different transformation processes were investigated. A classic ready-to-eat (RTE) process (P1) and a production without cutting (P2) were monitored during refrigerated (4 °C) storage (15 d). Total mesophilic microorganisms, total psychrotrophic microorganisms and pseudomonads were detected at the highest cell densities in all samples. Presumptive Pseudomonas population dominated the cultivable microbial community of RTE red chicory and were characterized genetically...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511239/-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-reveals-the-effect-of-maternal-habitual-dietary-patterns-on-human-amniotic-fluid-profile
#9
Maria Fotiou, Charalambos Fotakis, Foteini Tsakoumaki, Elpiniki Athanasiadou, Charikleia Kyrkou, Aristea Dimitropoulou, Thalia Tsiaka, Anastasia Chrysovalantou Chatziioannou, Kosmas Sarafidis, George Menexes, Georgios Theodoridis, Costas G Biliaderis, Panagiotis Zoumpoulakis, Apostolos P Athanasiadis, Alexandra-Maria Michaelidou
Maternal diet may influence offspring's health, even within well-nourished populations. Amniotic fluid (AF) provides a rational compartment for studies on fetal metabolism. Evidence in animal models indicates that maternal diet affects AF metabolic profile; however, data from human studies are scarce. Therefore, we have explored whether AF content may be influenced by maternal diet, using a validated food-frequency questionnaire and implementing NMR-based metabolomics. Sixty-five AF specimens, from women undergoing second-trimester amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis, were analysed...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443862/red-tides-mass-casualty-and-whole-blood-at-sea-red-tides
#10
Benjamin T Miller, Andrew H Lin, Susan C Clark, Andrew P Cap, Joseph J Dubose
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Navy's casualty-receiving ships provide remote damage control resuscitation (RDCR) platforms to treat injured combatants deployed afloat and ashore. We report a significant mass casualty incident aboard the USS Bataan, and the most warm fresh whole blood (WFWB) transfused at sea for traumatic hemorrhagic shock since the Vietnam War. METHODS: Casualty-receiving ships have robust medical capabilities, including a frozen blood bank with packed red blood cells (pRBC) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403619/national-survey-of-availability-of-physical-rehabilitation-services-in-iran-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Marzieh Shirazikhah, Arash Mirabzadeh, Homeira Sajadi, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Akbar Biglarian, Tahmineh Mousavi, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi
Background: The prevalence of disability in Iran has increased due to ageing of the population and the presence of chronic diseases. However, little is known about the availability of rehabilitation services in Iran. Objective: To study the availability of physical rehabilitation services in Iran. Methods: This was a mixed method study. In the first phase, a qualitative design was conducted for designing an instrument with focus groups based on Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) instrument (developed by World Health Organization)...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346314/sustainable-transportation-attitudes-and-health-behavior-change-evaluation-of-a-brief-stage-targeted-video-intervention
#12
Norbert Mundorf, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva
Promoting physical activity and sustainable transportation is essential in the face of rising health care costs, obesity rates, and other public health threats resulting from lack of physical activity. Targeted communications can encourage distinct population segments to adopt active and sustainable transportation modes. Our work is designed to promote the health, social, and environmental benefits of sustainable/active transportation (ST) using the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM), which has been successfully applied to a range of health, and more recently, sustainability behaviors...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243033/incontinence-associated-dermatitis-pathogenesis-contributing-factors-prevention-and-management-options
#13
Hilde Beele, Steven Smet, Nele Van Damme, Dimitri Beeckman
Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) is a common type of irritant contact dermatitis, seen in patients with urinary or faecal incontinence. Mechanical factors such as traumata and friction may aggravate the lesions. The fragile skin in elderly patients is more prone to developing IAD. The clinical picture of IAD consists of persistent redness on the one hand and skin loss on the other. Both categories may be associated with clinical signs of major colonisation or infection. It is important to distinguish IAD from pressure ulcers and other dermatoses in the genital region...
January 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230438/a-programmable-optical-stimulator-for-the-drosophila-eye
#14
Xinping Chen, Walter D Leon-Salas, Taylor Zigon, Donald F Ready, Vikki M Weake
A programmable optical stimulator for Drosophila eyes is presented. The target application of the stimulator is to induce retinal degeneration in fly photoreceptor cells by exposing them to light in a controlled manner. The goal of this work is to obtain a reproducible system for studying age-related changes in susceptibility to environmental ocular stress. The stimulator uses light emitting diodes and an embedded computer to control illuminance, color (blue or red) and duration in two independent chambers...
October 2017: HardwareX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064142/parent-to-parent-support-providers-how-recruits-are-identified
#15
Robin L Dodds, George H S Singer
OBJECTIVE: To examine selection criteria for Parent-to-Parent support parents trained to provide support to other parents of children with disabilities. METHOD: Ten leaders of Parent-to-Parent programmes participated in telephone interviews to explore attributes associated with parents selected to be trained as support parents. RESULTS: Qualitative analysis reveals parents deemed "ready" to become support parents, build relationships, exhibit positivity, build capacities, have good communication skills and a future orientation and feel the need to give back...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026175/efficient-reduction-of-nitric-oxide-using-zirconium-phosphide-powders-synthesized-by-elemental-combination-method
#16
Zhen Li, Ning Chen, Jigang Wang, Peishen Li, Ming Guo, Qiang Wang, Chunhong Li, Changzheng Wang, Tao Guo, Shaowei Chen
Zirconium phosphide (ZrP) powders were synthesized by elemental combination method via the direct reaction of zirconium powders with red phosphorus, and characterized by XRD, SEM, XPS, XRF, SAED and TEM measurements. The obtained ZrP powders were found to exhibit apparent activity in the ready eliminateion of nitric oxide (NO) via facile redox reactions, and the elimination dynamics was evaluated within the context of various important experimental parameters, such as reaction temperature and gas concentration...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981376/microbiological-survey-of-packaged-ready-to-eat-red-meats-at-retail-in-new-zealand
#17
Lucia Rivas, Beverley Horn, Roger Cook, Marion Castle
A microbiological survey was undertaken on packaged ready-to-eat red meats available at retail in New Zealand. A total of 1,485 samples (297 lots of five samples each) were collected according to a sampling plan based on market share and regulatory regimes (Animal Products Act 1999 and Food Act 1981) and were tested against the microbiological limits specified in Food Standards Code (FSC) 1.6.1 applicable at the time of sampling. Each lot was tested as a composite for the presence or absence of Salmonella spp...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883026/group-o-low-titre-only-emergency-donor-panels-for-small-combat-teams
#18
Heidi Doughty, A Maguire, G Fitchett, P Parker
INTRODUCTION: Military elements increasingly operate in small teams in remote areas with no immediate blood product support. Planners and operators may endorse collection of fresh whole blood from pretested donors in emergency situations. The biggest risk of transfusion is the accidental use of ABO incompatible blood which can be fatal. The risk may be mitigated by using only group O LOw (OLO) titre donors with plasma containing low levels of the naturally occurring antibody to group A and B red cells...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572974/nutritional-advantages-of-sous-vide-cooking-compared-to-boiling-on-cereals-and-legumes-determination-of-ashes-and-metals-content-in-ready-to-eat-products
#19
Mariangela Rondanelli, Maria Daglia, Silvia Meneghini, Arianna Di Lorenzo, Gabriella Peroni, Milena Anna Faliva, Simone Perna
In order to guarantee the highest quality of ready-to-eat cereals and legumes, two different cooking methods have been applied: traditional cooking and sous-vide. Ashes and metals content (magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, and copper) has been determined and compared in 50 samples of red lentils, peas, Borlotti beans, pearl barley, and cereals soup. All the samples cooked with sous-vide showed a significant increase in the content of minerals with the exception of potassium in cereal soup, iron in Borlotti beans, and magnesium in pearl barley...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528048/real-time-autofluorescence-imaging-to-diagnose-lvad-driveline-infections
#20
Jack B Keenan, Taufiek Konrad Rajab, David G Armstrong, Zain Khalpey
A 64-year-old man experienced a driveline infection that was treated with serial debridements and antibiotics. When the wound clinically appeared ready for closure, a handheld fluorescence imaging device still revealed a margin of red fluorescence around the wound edges consistent with a subclinical infection. Therefore, a wider margin was made and additional specimens for wound culture were taken, which demonstrated a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal infection. The autofluorescence signals of common bacteria can be detected with a fluorescence camera in subclinical wound infections without clinical signs...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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