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Red and Ready

Leslie Ann D Brick, Si Yang, Lisa L Harlow, Colleen A Redding, James O Prochaska
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a 20-35 percent daily intake of fat. Resisting the temptation to eat high-fat foods, in conjunction with stage of readiness to avoid these foods, has been shown to influence healthy behavior change. Data (N = 6516) from three randomized controlled trials were pooled to examine the relationships among direct intervention effects on temptations and stage of change for limiting high-fat foods. Findings demonstrate separate simultaneous growth processes in which baseline level of temptations, but not the rate of change in temptations, was significantly related to the change in readiness to avoid high-fat foods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
A Stensgaard, A DunnGalvin, D Nielsen, M Munch, C Bindslev-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents have the highest risk for food allergy-related fatalities. Our main aim was to investigate the level of risk in everyday social situations as perceived by adolescents/young adults with peanut allergy, their families and their friends. METHODS: The web-based 'Colours Of Risks' (COR) questionnaire was completed by 70 patients (aged 12-23 years), 103 mothers and fathers, 31 siblings (aged 12-26 years), and 42 friends (aged 12-24 years). COR deals with six main contexts (home, school/university, work, visiting/social activities, special occasions/parties, and vacations), each with 1-12 items...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
Santiago Rodas-Moya, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Stephen Kodish, Saskia de Pee, Praphan Phanuphak
Malnutrition and HIV are often coincident and may lead to wasting, a strong predictor of mortality. However; ready to use therapeutic foods (RUTF) are showing promising results in restoring the nutritional status of adult people living with HIV (PLHIV) in resource constrained settings but, its acceptability seems low. This study aimed to identify the psychosocial factors influencing general preferences for food and responses to five potential nutritional supplements to guide the development of novel products to treat malnutrition among PLHIV...
November 5, 2016: Appetite
Nathan Efron
Eye-care practitioners typically associate ocular inflammation during contact lens wear with serious complications such as microbial keratitis; however, more subtle mechanisms may be at play. This paper tests the notion that contact lens wear is intrinsically inflammatory by exploring whether uncomplicated contact lens wear meets the classical, clinical definition of inflammation - rubor (redness), calor (heat), tumor (swelling), dolor (pain) and functio laesa (loss of function) - as well as the contemporary, sub-clinical definition of inflammation (cellular and biochemical reactions)...
November 2, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Ashima Sharma, Monu Yadav, B Rajesh Kumar, P Sai Lakshman, Raju Iyenger, Gopinath Ramchandran
BACKGROUND: A major change in anesthesia practice as regards to intraoperative infusion therapy is the present requirement. Switching over to balanced fluids can substantially decrease the incidence of lactic acidosis and hyperchloremic acidosis. The deleterious effects of unbalanced fluids are more recognizable during major surgeries. We prospectively studied the influence of Sterofundin (SF) and Ringer lactate (RL) on acid-base changes, hemodynamics, and readiness for extubation during scoliosis surgery...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Jessica M Lipschitz, Andrea L Paiva, Colleen A Redding, Deborah Levesque, Joseph S Rossi, Risa B Weisberg, James O Prochaska
PURPOSE: Anxiety is the most common and costly mental illness in the United States. Reducing avoidance is a core element of evidence-based treatments. Past research shows readiness to address avoidance affects outcomes. Investigating avoidance from a transtheoretical model (TTM) perspective could facilitate tailored approaches for individuals with low readiness. This study developed and examined psychometric properties of TTM measures for addressing anxiety-based avoidance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Kelly-Anne Masterman, Andrew C Barnes
Neutrophils are a short-lived, terminally differentiated, innate immune cell, that are critical first responders during infection. Research into neutrophil-pathogen interactions in fish has primarily employed cells derived from the pro-nephros and nephros. Since these sites are also the location of neutrophil and other immune cell development, there may be some ambiguity in maturation and functional ability of these cells, and difficulty in differentiating the effects of neutrophils from those of macrophages and monocytes...
September 15, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Zhenyu Yang, Qiwen Zhan
Blood testing has been used as an essential tool to diagnose diseases for decades. Recently, there has been a rapid developing trend in using Quantitative Phase Imaging (QPI) methods for blood cell screening. Compared to traditional blood testing techniques, QPI has the advantage of avoiding dyeing or staining the specimen, which may cause damage to the cells. However, most existing systems are bulky and costly, requiring experienced personnel to operate. This work demonstrates the integration of one QPI method onto a smartphone platform and the application of imaging red blood cells...
2016: PloS One
Bernhard F Décard, Jan Thöne, Aiden Haghikia, Christian Börnke, Agnes Anders, Carsten Lukas, Ralf Gold
BACKGROUND: Listeriosis caused by listeria monocytogenes (LM) is a potentially lethal foodborne infection of the central nervous system (CNS) and the third most common cause of bacterial meningitis. Foods most commonly implicated are soft cheeses, raw or ready-to-eat meat and pre-processed foods. The incubation time is between 11 and 70 days. Rarely LM rhombencephalitis (RE) can occur, which typically has a biphasic course with non- specific prodromal symptoms like fever, malaise, fatigue, headache, nausea and vomiting followed by cranial nerve palsies, ataxia and hemi- or tetraparesis...
July 18, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
R Del Orbe Barreto, B Arrizabalaga, A B De la Hoz, Á García-Orad, M I Tejada, J C Garcia-Ruiz, T Fidalgo, C Bento, L Manco, M L Ribeiro
INTRODUCTION: Congenital haemolytic anaemia (CHA) refers to a group of genetically heterogeneous disorders, mainly caused by changes in genes encoding globin chains, cytoskeletal proteins and red cell enzymes, in which accurate diagnosis can be challenging with conventional techniques. METHODS: To set-up a comprehensive assay for detecting mutations that could improve aetiological diagnosis, we designed a custom panel for sequencing coding regions from 40 genes known to be involved in the pathogenesis of CHA, using the Ion Torrent(™) (Thermo Fisher Scientific, S...
December 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Antonio Garcia-Jimenez, Jose Antonio Teruel-Puche, Carmen Vanessa Ortiz-Ruiz, Jose Berna, Jose Tudela, Francisco Garcia-Canovas
4-n-Butylresorcinol (BR) is considered the most potent inhibitor of tyrosinase, which is why it is used in cosmetics as a depigmenting agent. However, this work demonstrates that BR is a substrate of this enzyme. The Em (met-tyrosinase) form is not active on BR, but Eox (oxy-tyrosinase) can act on this molecule, hydroxylating it to o-diphenol. In turn, this is oxidized to an o-quinone, which isomerizes to a red p-quinone. Thus, for tyrosinase to act on this compound, a mechanism to generate Eox in the medium is required, which can be achieved by means of hydrogen peroxide or ascorbic acid...
August 2016: IUBMB Life
Chao Deng, Jun Ling
Functionalized polyfluorene receives more and more attention due to its wide applications. Here, the syntheses of three novel polyfluorene-based methacrylate macromonomers exhibiting a vast flexibility for further applications are reported. Their emissions strongly depend on the end groups and thus the macromonomers provide blue, green, and red emissions simultaneously with the same excitation light of 365 nm. Their well-defined copolymers with 2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization are investigated in detail...
August 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Magdalena Gołyńska, Izabela Polkowska, Małgorzata Bartoszcze-Tomaszewska
Dog's commonly serve as a model for various human conditions, including periodontal diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the anaerobic bacteria that colonize the subgingival area in dogs and humans by using rapid tests Real-Time PCR, and to compare the results obtained in each species. Bacterial microflora evaluations, both quantitative and qualitative, were performed with ready-made tests on twelve dogs and twelve humans. Five samples were collected from each patient's deepest gingival pockets, which jointly constituted a collective sample...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Science
Nobutoshi Soeta, Takuro Saito, Tetsutaro Nemoto, Ikuro Oshibe, Mitsukazu Gotoh
BACKGROUND: We offer the first report of laparoscopic repair of an irreducible femoral hernia containing the fallopian tube alone. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of a right groin mass with no abdominal symptoms. The mass was located below the inguinal ligament but showed no redness or tenderness. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a 4 × 3-cm cystic mass and enhanced cord-like structure in the right groin area...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Ramesh Kumar Saini, Xiao Min Shang, Eun Young Ko, Jeong Hee Choi, Young-Soo Keum
Minimally processed ready-to-eat baby-leaf vegetables (BLVs) are the most convenient source to include the health beneficial bioactive in the daily diet. In the present study, the visual quality and storage stability of carotenoids, tocopherols were investigated in lettuce (green and red romaine) and salad rocket BLVs. The commercially packed samples of BLVs were stored at 0 °C and 4 °C in dark conditions and analyzed after 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 days of storage. All the studied samples were found in better visual quality up to eight days of storage at both the temperatures...
August 2015: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Narendranath Epperla, Christopher Strouse, Amanda M VanSandt, Patrick Foy
BACKGROUND: The acute treatment of severe warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (wAIHA) is focused on maximizing the oxygen delivery capacity of the patient's circulation and reversal of the underlying autoimmune process. The most effective means of preventing ischemic injury acutely is replacement of red blood cells (RBCs) via allogeneic RBC transfusion. However, in cases where this is not an option, other strategies must be considered including the use of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs)...
July 2016: Transfusion
Kanishka Bhunia, Mahmoudreza Ovissipour, Barbara Rasco, Juming Tang, Shyam S Sablani
BACKGROUND: Ready-to-eat in-package pasteurized blue mussels in red sauce requires refrigerated storage or in combination with aerobic environment to prevent the growth of anaerobes. A low barrier packaging may create aerobic environment, however, it causes lipid oxidation in mussels. Thus, evaluation of oxidation-reduction potential (Eh) (aerobic/anaerobic nature of food) and lipid oxidation is essential. Three packaging materials with oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of 62 (F-62), 40 (F-40) and 3 (F-3) cc/m(2) -day were selected for this study...
March 30, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Shingo Mizuochi, Maria Nelson, Chris Baylis, Becky Green, Keith Jewell, Farinaz Monadjemi, Yi Chen, Yvonne Salfinger, Maria Cristina Fernandez
The Compact Dry "Nissui" EC method, originally certified by the AOAC Research Institute Performance Test Method(SM) program for enumeration of Escherichia coli and non-E. coli coliforms in raw meat products (Performance Tested Method(SM) 110402), has undergone an evaluation to extend the method's claim to cooked chicken, prewashed bagged shredded iceberg lettuce, frozen cod filets, instant nonfat dry milk powder, and pasteurized milk (2% fat). Compact Dry EC is a ready-to-use dry media sheet containing a cold-soluble gelling agent, selective agents, and a chromogenic medium, which are rehydrated by adding 1 mL diluted sample...
March 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Terri R Fried, Colleen A Redding, Mark L Robbins, Andrea L Paiva, John R O'Leary, Lynne Iannone
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test the acceptability of personalized intervention materials to promote advance care planning (ACP) based on the Transtheoretical Model (TTM), in which readiness to change is a critical organizing construct. DESIGN: Development study creating an expert system delivering TTM-personalized feedback reports and stage-matched brochures with more-general information on ACP and modifications based on participant reviews. SETTING: Senior centers...
February 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
J K Field, A Devaraj, S W Duffy, D R Baldwin
The prevailing questions at this time in both the public mind and the clinical establishment is, do we have sufficient evidence to implement lung cancer Computed Tomography (CT) screening in Europe? If not, what is outstanding? This review addresses the twelve major areas, which are critical to any decision to implement CT screening and where we need to assess whether we have sufficient evidence to proceed to a recommendation for implementation in Europe. The readiness level of these twelve categories in 2015 have been with colour coded, where green indicates we have sufficient evidence, amber is borderline evidence and red requires further evidence...
January 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
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