keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ironman triathlon

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817192/positive-pacing-in-elite-ironman-triathletes
#1
Nicole Angehrn, Christoph A. Rüst, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Pacing is known to influence athletic performance. For the Ironman triathlon program, a positive pacing strategy, i.e., the continuous decrease of speed over time was recommended. By analyzing split times, we assessed the pacing strategies of the top 100 finishers of the cycling part of 13 Ironman races and of the running part of 11 Ironman races taking place in 2014. Furthermore, sex-associated differences in performance and pacing strategies were calculated. We analyzed 7,687 cycling and 11,894 running split times of 1,392 triathletes (1,263 men, 129 women)...
December 31, 2016: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642618/infodemiological-data-of-ironman-triathlon-in-the-study-period-2004-2013
#2
Sofiane Mnadla, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mehdi Rouissi, Anis Chaalali, Anna Siri, Johnny Padulo, Luca Paolo Ardigò, Francesco Brigo, Karim Chamari, Beat Knechtle
This article reports data concerning the Internet-related activities and interest for Ironman Triathlon competition. Google Trends (GT) was used and mined from 2004 onwards. The interest for Ironman Triathlon was found to be cyclic over time. The Triathlon-related Internet activities negatively correlated with the number of finishers per year (Pearson׳s correlation r=-0.690, p-value<0.05), while an increasing participation of female athletes who were less likely to surf the Internet could be noticed (r=-0...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604138/performance-and-sex-differences-in-isklar-norseman-xtreme-triathlon
#3
Beat Knechtle, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Michael Stiefel, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph Alexander Rüst
The performance and sex differences of long-distance triathletes competing in 'Ironman Hawaii' are well investigated. However, less information is available with regards to triathlon races of the Ironman distance held under extreme environmental conditions (e.g. extreme cold) such as the 'Isklar Norseman Xtreme Triathlon' which started in 2003. In 'Isklar Norseman Xtreme Triathlon', athletes swim at a water temperature of ~13-15°C, cycle at temperatures of ~5-20°C and run at temperatures of ~12-28°C in the valley and of ~2-12°C at Mt...
October 31, 2016: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207600/left-ventricular-function-and-physiological-performance-in-female-ironman-athletes-and-female-police-officers
#4
Roman Leischik, Peter Foshag, Markus Strauss, Norman Spelsberg
Data about physiological performance of female ironman triathletes are rare. However, some studies have reported this endurance sport may cause damage to the right or left ventricles, even in females. The goal of this study was to assess prospectively the right/left ventricular function and physiological performance in female athletes (middle- and long ironman distance) and to compare the findings to female federal police officers. A total of 33 female triathletes and 37 female police officers were examined using spiro-ergometry and echocardiography...
June 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176786/many-non-elite-multisport-endurance-athletes-do-not-meet-sports-nutrition-recommendations-for-carbohydrates
#5
Geneviève Masson, Benoît Lamarche
Little is known regarding the dietary intake of non-elite athletes involved in multisport endurance events. The primary objective of this observational study was to characterize the dietary intake of non-elite athletes participating in winter triathlon (snowshoeing, skating, and cross-country skiing), winter pentathlon (winter triathlon sports + cycling and running), Ironman (IM: swimming, cycling, running), and half-distance Ironman (IM 70.3) in relation with current sports nutrition recommendations. A total of 116 non-elite athletes (32 women and 84 men) who had participated in one of those events in 2014 were included in the analyses...
July 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27139796/blood-markers-of-recovery-from-ironman-distance-races-in-an-elite-triathlete
#6
Iñigo Mujika, Felipe Pereira DA Silveira, Kazunori Nosaka
To understand the recovery of a top triathlete from Ironman distance triathlon races and the timing of training resumption, this study followed an elite male triathlete for 4 years and examined blood parameters after 6 Ironman triathlon races, in which he finished either first (3 races) or second (3 races), with finishing times of 8:00:21 to 8:49:38 (hours:minutes:seconds). The blood was taken either 5, 6 or 8 days after each triathlon race without any training sessions or recovery interventions after the race until the blood sampling...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134213/a-case-report-of-a-completely-displaced-stress-fracture-of-the-femoral-shaft-in-a-middle-aged-male-athlete-a-precursor-of-things-to-come
#7
Peter Larsen, Rasmus Elsoe, Michael S Rathleff
BACKGROUND: Displaced stress fractures of the femoral shaft are very uncommon. The proportion of middle-aged and older age groups participating in long-distance running, triathlon and other high intensity sports is increasing. As a consequence stress fracture of the femoral shaft may be on the rise in the future. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was 43 years old male caucasian triathlete. The authors met the patient after he was admitted with a displaced femoral shaft fracture...
May 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025688/massage-therapy-decreases-pain-and-perceived-fatigue-after-long-distance-ironman-triathlon-a-randomised-trial
#8
Guilherme S Nunes, Paula Urio Bender, Fábio Sprada de Menezes, Igor Yamashitafuji, Valentine Zimermann Vargas, Bruna Wageck
QUESTION: Can massage therapy reduce pain and perceived fatigue in the quadriceps of athletes after a long-distance triathlon race (Ironman)? DESIGN: Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis and blinded outcome assessors. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four triathlon athletes who completed an entire Ironman triathlon race and whose main complaint was pain in the anterior portion of the thigh. INTERVENTION: The experimental group received massage to the quadriceps, which was aimed at recovery after competition, and the control group rested in sitting...
April 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808853/changes-in-contributions-of-swimming-cycling-and-running-performances-on-overall-triathlon-performance-over-a-26-year-period
#9
Pedro Figueiredo, Elisa A Marques, Romuald Lepers
Figueiredo, P, Marques, EA, and Lepers, R. Changes in contributions of swimming, cycling, and running performances on overall triathlon performance over a 26-year period. J Strength Cond Res 30(9): 2406-2415, 2016-This study examined the changes in the individual contribution of each discipline to the overall performance of Olympic and Ironman distance triathlons among men and women. Between 1989 and 2014, overall performances and their component disciplines (swimming, cycling and running) were analyzed from the top 50 overall male and female finishers...
September 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26508884/feet-swelling-in-a-multistage-ultraendurance-triathlete-a-case-study
#10
Beat Knechtle, Matthias Alexander Zingg, Patrizia Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph Alexander Rüst
Recent studies investigating ultraendurance athletes showed an association between excessive fluid intake and swelling of the lower limbs such as the feet. To date, this association has been investigated in single-stage ultraendurance races, but not in multistage ultraendurance races. In this case study, we investigated a potential association between fluid intake and feet swelling in a multistage ultraendurance race such as a Deca Iron ultratriathlon with ten Ironman triathlons within 10 consecutive days. A 49-year-old well-experienced ultratriathlete competed in autumn 2013 in the Deca Iron ultratriathlon held in Lonata del Garda, Italy, and finished the race as winner within 129:33 hours:minutes...
2015: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26372162/changes-in-serum-free-amino-acids-and-muscle-fatigue-experienced-during-a-half-ironman-triathlon
#11
Francisco Areces, Cristina González-Millán, Juan José Salinero, Javier Abian-Vicen, Beatriz Lara, Cesar Gallo-Salazar, Diana Ruiz-Vicente, Juan Del Coso
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between changes in serum free amino acids, muscle fatigue and exercise-induced muscle damage during a half-ironman triathlon. Twenty-six experienced triathletes (age = 37.0 ± 6.8 yr; experience = 7.4 ± 3.0 yr) competed in a real half-ironman triathlon in which sector times and total race time were measured by means of chip timing. Before and after the race, a countermovement jump and a maximal isometric force test were performed, and blood samples were withdrawn to measure serum free amino acids concentrations, and serum creatine kinase levels as a blood marker of muscle damage...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346992/variables-that-influence-ironman-triathlon-performance-what-changed-in-the-last-35-years
#12
REVIEW
Beat Knechtle, Raphael Knechtle, Michael Stiefel, Matthias Alexander Zingg, Thomas Rosemann, Christoph Alexander Rüst
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review summarizes findings for Ironman triathlon performance and intends to determine potential predictor variables for Ironman race performance in female and male triathletes. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed using the terms "Ironman", "triathlon", and "performance". All resulting articles were searched for related citations. RESULTS: Age, previous experience, sex, training, origin, anthropometric and physiological characteristics, pacing, and performance in split disciplines were predictive...
2015: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26061113/the-effectiveness-of-compression-socks-on-athletic-performance-and-recovery
#13
Justin M Stanek
: The popularity of using compression socks has increased substantially among athletes, particularly those participating in endurance events such as running and triathlon. Companies are increasingly marketing compression stockings towards runners, triathletes, and other endurance athletes for the benefits of improved performance and/or decreased recovery time. Originally developed for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), compression socks are now marketed as a tool to improve venous return, thus believed to improve both performance and recovery in athletes...
June 10, 2015: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26056498/what-predicts-performance-in-ultra-triathlon-races-a-comparison-between-ironman-distance-triathlon-and-ultra-triathlon
#14
REVIEW
Beat Knechtle, Matthias Alexander Zingg, Thomas Rosemann, Michael Stiefel, Christoph Alexander Rüst
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review summarizes recent intentions to find potential predictor variables for ultra-triathlon race performance (ie, triathlon races longer than the Ironman distance covering 3.8 km swimming, 180 km cycling, and 42.195 km running). Results from studies on ultra-triathletes were compared to results on studies on Ironman triathletes. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed using the terms "ultra", "triathlon", and "performance" for the aspects of "ultra-triathlon", and "Ironman", "triathlon", and "performance" for the aspects of "Ironman triathlon"...
2015: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26019873/changes-in-transition-times-in-ironman-hawaii-between-1998-and-2013
#15
Christoph A Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers, Beat Knechtle
BACKGROUND: Recent findings showed that elite Ironman triathletes competing in 'Ironman Hawaii' improved both split and overall race times. The present study investigated whether elite athletes also improved in transition time (i.e. time needed between disciplines for changing clothes and equipment). METHODS: Changes in split times, overall race times and transition times (i.e. expressed in absolute and relative terms) in the annual fastest competing in 'Ironman Hawaii' were investigated using linear, non-linear and multi-level regression analyses...
2014: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25983573/hydration-and-thermoregulation-during-a-half-ironman-performed-in-tropical-climate
#16
Michelle Baillot, Olivier Hue
The aim of this study was to compare the core temperature (TC) and markers of hydration status in athletes performing a half Ironman triathlon race in hot and humid conditions (27.2 ± 0.5°C, relative humidity was 80 ± 2%). Before and immediately after the 2012 Guadeloupe half Ironman triathlon, body mass and urine osmolarity (mean ± SD) were measured in 19 well-trained male triathletes. TC was measured before and after the race, and at each transition during the event, using an ingestible pill telemetry system...
June 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25727770/ironman-triathlon-performance-pre-and-post-heart-transplant
#17
Mark J Haykowsky, Kenneth J Riess, Christian A Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25683094/effects-of-oral-salt-supplementation-on-physical-performance-during-a-half-ironman-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J Del Coso, C González-Millán, J J Salinero, J Abián-Vicén, F Areces, M Lledó, B Lara, C Gallo-Salazar, D Ruiz-Vicente
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of oral salt supplementation to improve exercise performance during a half-ironman triathlon. Twenty-six experienced triathletes were matched for age, anthropometric data, and training status, and randomly placed into the salt group (113 mmol Na(+) and 112 mmol Cl(-)) or the control group (cellulose). The experimental treatments were ingested before and during a real half-ironman triathlon competition. Pre- and post-race body mass, maximal force during a whole-body isometric strength test, maximal height during a countermovement jump, were measured, and blood samples were obtained...
February 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25557388/pacing-strategies-during-the-swim-cycle-and-run-disciplines-of-sprint-olympic-and-half-ironman-triathlons
#19
Sam Shi Xuan Wu, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Jeanick Brisswalter, Kazunori Nosaka, Wing Yin Lau, Chris R Abbiss
PURPOSE: This study investigated the influence of distance on self-selected pacing during the swim, cycle and run disciplines of sprint, Olympic and half-Ironman (HIM) distance triathlon races. METHOD: Eight trained male triathletes performed the three individual races in <2 months. Participants' bikes were fitted with Schoberer Rad Meßtechnik to monitor speed, power output and heart rate during the cycle discipline. Global positioning system was worn to determine speed and heart rate during the swim and run disciplines...
May 2015: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25495276/a-variant-within-the-aqp1-3-untranslated-region-is-associated-with-running-performance-but-not-weight-changes-during-an-ironman-triathlon
#20
Colleen J Saunders, Michael Posthumus, Kevin O'Connell, Alison V September, Malcolm Collins
The objective of this study was to test the association of the rs1049305 (G > C) variant within the 3'-untranslated region of the aquaporin 1 gene, AQP1, with changes in body weight, post-race serum sodium concentration and performance in Ironman triathletes. Five hundred and four male Ironman triathletes were genotyped for the rs1049305 variant within the AQP1 gene. Change in pre- and post-race body weight was calculated for 470 triathletes and used as a proxy for changes in body fluid during the race, as well as to divide triathletes into biologically relevant weight-loss groups (0-3%, 3-5% and >5%)...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
keyword
keyword
76458
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"