Read by QxMD icon Read

Height loss with aging

Thomas Young Ho Yoon, Richard A Michaud, Mitesh Patel, Alexandra M Manibo
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate variations in and the prevalence of the lingual concavity. MATERIALS & METHODS: This study used images taken between January 1st, 2011 and August 31st, 2015 from a total of 104 patient charts randomly selected from a private practice. These images were all acquired from a single cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) machine. The CBCT's were reviewed in cross sectional images of both the left and right anterior incisor and posterior molar regions...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Lisa M Shank, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Shannon E Marwitz, Rim D Mehari, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Miranda M Broadney, Ovidiu A Galescu, Courtney K Pickworth, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Loss of control (LOC) eating in youth is associated with excess body weight and adiposity. After adjusting for fat mass, youth with LOC eating have higher blood pressure and higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to youth without LOC eating. Increased inflammation may account for this relationship, although few data have examined this hypothesis. Therefore, this study explored the association between LOC eating and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of inflammation...
October 12, 2016: Childhood Obesity
Tommy Wilkman, Satu Apajalahti, Erika Wilkman, Jyrki Törnwall, Patrik Lassus
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the resorption of the bone in the free scapular, free iliac crest, and free fibular microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present retrospective study, we analyzed 186 consecutive patients with scapular, fibular, or deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) osseous free microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction. We followed up the patients clinically and using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with volume analyses of the bone...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Maninder Ahuja
INTRODUCTION: Age of menopause is a very important biomarker of not only the loss of fertility but also an increased risk for various mid-life diseases and problems. Many of these diseases can be prevented by timely intervention of lifestyle modification, menopausal hormone therapy, or other supplementations such as calcium, Vitamin D, and micronutrients. In India age of menopause is less than our counterparts in the Western world. This means that the fertility potential of Indian women starts compromising early, so we need to start with the preventive measures much early...
July 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
J M Beasley, A L Deierlein, K B Morland, E C Granieri, A Spark
OBJECTIVE: Studies suggest protein intake may be associated with lower body weight, but protein has also been associated with preservation of lean body mass. Understanding the role of protein in maintaining health for older adults is important for disease prevention among this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of the relationship of dietary protein on body composition. SETTING: New York City community centers. PARTICIPANTS: 1,011 Black, White, and Latino urban men and women 60-99 years of age...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Raj D Rao, Donald R Gore, Shu-Jie Tang, Brandon J Rebholz, Narayan Yoganandan, Mei Wang
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment degeneration frequently develops following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. The objectives of the present study were to characterize the long-term evolution of degenerative radiographic changes at segments adjacent to anterior cervical fusion and to identify factors associated with the development of these changes, including the preoperative condition of the cervical spine and parameters related to arthrodeses. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for symptomatic cervical spondylosis or disc herniation were followed radiographically for a mean time of 12...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Antonio Borri, Mario Caggiano, Massimo Amato
INTRODUCTION: Some studies have demonstrated that platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a healing biomaterial with a great potential for bone and soft tissue regeneration, without any inflammatory reactions and may be used alone or in combination with bone grafts, promoting hemostasis, bone growth, and maturation. PRF appears as a natural and satisfactory aid in bone regenerative surgery in elderly patients with favorable results and low risks. AIM: This study wants to demonstrate how PRF in association with a new split crest augmentation technique can be a great aid in implant rehabilitation, especially in the elderly patients, when bone regeneration is required...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Seckin Ulusoy, Mehmet Emre Dinc, Abdullah Dalgic, Murat Topak, Denizhan Dizdar, Abdulhalim İs
INTRODUCTION: The olfactory system is affected by the nutritional balance and chemical state of the body, serving as an internal sensor. All bodily functions are affected by energy loss, including olfaction; hunger can alter odour perception. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the effect of fasting on olfactory perception in humans, and also assessed perceptual changes during satiation. METHODS: The "Sniffin' Sticks" olfactory test was applied after 16h of fasting, and again at least 1h after Ramadan supper during periods of satiation...
September 12, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, José Carlos Clemente, Liu Chiao Yi, Danielle Arisa Caranti
Assessing energy requirements is a fundamental activity in clinical dietetic practice. The aim of this study was to investigate which resting energy expenditure (REE) predictive equations are the best alternatives to indirect calorimetry before and after an interdisciplinary therapy in Brazilian obese women. In all, twelve equations based on weight, height, sex, age, fat-free mass and fat mass were tested. REE was measured by indirect calorimetry. The interdisciplinary therapy consisted of nutritional, physical exercise, psychological and physiotherapy support during the course of 1 year...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Amanda L Thompson, Elizabeth Koehler, Amy H Herring, Lauren Paynter, Shufa Du, Bing Zhang, Barry Popkin, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: Recent longitudinal work suggests that weight change is an important risk factor for inflammation across the full range of BMI. However, few studies have examined whether the risk of inflammation differs by patterns of weight gain over time. Using latent class trajectory analysis, we test whether patterns of weight gain are associated with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP 2-10 mg/L). METHODS AND RESULTS: Data come from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) participants (n=5536), aged 18 at baseline to 66 years in 2009, with measured weight over 18 years...
September 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Moustafa A Elsyad, Mohammed Mahmoud Alokda, Ashraf Anwer Gebreel, Nelly Ibrahim Hammouda, Ahmed Ali Habib
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of two designs of implant-supported overdentures on peri-implant and posterior mandibular bone resorptions after 5 years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty edentulous patients were randomly assigned into two equal groups: Group I (GI), patients received overdentures supported and retained by cantilevered bars on two canine implants and Group II (GII), patients received overdentures retained by straight bars on two canine implants and supported by two-first molar implants...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Antoneta Granic, Karen Davies, Carol Jagger, Thomas B L Kirkwood, Holly E Syddall, Avan A Sayer
BACKGROUND: Weak grip strength (GS) is a key component of sarcopenia and frailty and a powerful predictor of mortality, morbidity and disability. Despite increasing interest in understanding GS across the lifespan, little is known about GS decline in the very old (aged ≥85). We examined trajectories of GS in very old adults and identified the determinants. METHODS: GS (kg) was measured four times over 5 years in 319 men and 526 women participating in the Newcastle 85+ Study...
2016: PloS One
Kevin Laudner, Jose Vazquez, Noelle Selkow, Keith Meister
CONTEXT: Baseball players, specifically pitchers, with symptomatic neurovascular occlusion often initially complain of arm fatigue, loss of ball control, and velocity. As the compression continues complaints may manifest into dull pain, paresthesia, and decreased grip strength. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between upper extremity blood flow volume and grip strength among baseball pitchers. DESIGN: cross-sectional. SETTING: Athletic training room...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jay Thomas Sutliffe, Joel Harvey Fuhrman, Mary Jo Carnot, Raena Marie Beetham, Madison Sarah Peddy
UNLABELLED: conduct interventions for health promotion and disease prevention to ameliorate chronic risk factors for disease, such as for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Likewise, nutrient-dense, plant-rich (NDPR) dietary patterns have been shown to be effective at preventing and improving chronic-disease conditions, including CVD. Objective • The study's aim was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an NDPR dietary intervention for worksites to lower CVD risk factors. Design • The study was a 6-wk pilot intervention using a pretest and posttest design...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Fernando Pareja-Blanco, Luis Sánchez-Medina, Luis Suárez-Arrones, Juan José González-Badillo
AIM: To analyze the effects of two resistance training (RT) programs that used the same relative loading but different repetition volume, using the velocity loss during the set as the independent variable: 15% (VL15) vs. 30% (VL30). METHODS: Sixteen professional soccer players with RT experience (age 23.8 ± 3.5 years, body mass 75.5 ± 8.6 kg) were randomly assigned to two groups: VL15 (n = 8) or VL30 (n = 8) that followed a 6-week (18 sessions) velocity-based squat training program...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Ting Zhang, Li Cai, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a public health concern in many countries. In Southern China, the prevalence of childhood obesity increased from 6.2 to 7.5 % between 2007 and 2011. This study aimed to report the current prevalence of overweight and obesity, analyzed the early life and behavioral determinants of obesity, and investigated the weight-loss practices among Chinese children in Guangzhou. METHODS: Three thousand seven hundred sixty-six primary school students aged 7-12 years were recruited in Guangzhou, China in 2013...
2016: BMC Public Health
M K Kwan, Cyw Chan
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With an increased cost of AIS surgery over the past 10 years, improvement of patient safety and optimize the surgical management of AIS is a need. A dual attending surgeon strategy resulted in reduction of blood loss and complication rate. PURPOSE: To investigate the peri-operative outcome of posterior selective thoracic fusion in Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients comparing a single versus a dual attending surgeon strategy...
September 5, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Jacqueline F Hayes, Myra Altman, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Jodi Cahill Holland, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Food fussiness (FF), or the frequent rejection of both familiar and unfamiliar foods, is common among children and, given its link to poor diet quality, may contribute to the onset and/or maintenance of childhood obesity. This study examined child FF in association with anthropometric variables and diet in children with overweight/obesity participating in family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT). Change in FF was assessed in relation to FBT outcome, including whether change in diet quality mediated the relation between change in FF and change in child weight...
October 2016: Obesity
Jing Xiao, Xiaobin Wang, Xiaoju Tan
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the procedure of posterior instrumentation and vertebroplasty for treatment of thoracolumbar burst fracture in youth and middle-aged patients is safe, practical and effective in short- and long-term.
 METHODS: A total of 50 patients aged 30-55 years old who suffered from thoracolumbar burst fracture complicated with incomplete paralysis or without neurologic symptom received surgery by using pedicle-screw implantation, reduction and bone cement filling through the unilateral or bilateral pedicles...
August 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Eduardo Anitua, Javier Flores, Mohammad Hamdan Alkhraisat
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of studies that evaluate the treatment outcomes of transcrestal sinus elevation performed without using osteotomes. This study aims to evaluate the 4-year survival of short dental implants placed following transcrestal sinus elevation performed with a frontal cutting drill and to measure the marginal bone stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transcrestal sinus elevation was performed by sequential bone drilling using a frontal cutting drill...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"