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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208956/a-comprehensive-study-of-internal-distraction-plating-an-alternative-method-for-distal-radius-fractures
#1
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
INTRODUCTION: The management of highly comminuted distal radius fractures still remains a major treatment challenge. Articular comminution and compromised bone quality are the culprits. One novel approach is the technique of Internal Distraction Plating which involves "bridging" the fracture with the use of a standard 3.5mm plate applied dorsally in distraction from the radius, proximal to the fracture, to the long finger metacarpal distally, bypassing the comminuted segment. The plate is removed once fracture union has been achieved...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199350/25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-and-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-exert-distinct-effects-on-human-skeletal-muscle-function-and-gene-expression
#2
Zaki K Hassan-Smith, Carl Jenkinson, David J Smith, Ivan Hernandez, Stuart A Morgan, Nicola J Crabtree, Neil J Gittoes, Brian G Keevil, Paul M Stewart, Martin Hewison
Age-associated decline in muscle function represents a significant public health burden. Vitamin D-deficiency is also prevalent in aging subjects, and has been linked to loss of muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia), but the precise role of specific vitamin D metabolites in determining muscle phenotype and function is still unclear. To address this we quantified serum concentrations of multiple vitamin D metabolites, and assessed the impact of these metabolites on body composition/muscle function parameters, and muscle biopsy gene expression in a retrospective study of a cohort of healthy volunteers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188436/clinical-and-molecular-aspects-of-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-in-children
#3
Martine T P Besouw, Marc Bienias, Patrick Walsh, Robert Kleta, William G Van't Hoff, Emma Ashton, Lucy Jenkins, Detlef Bockenhauer
BACKGROUND: Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is characterized by hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis, hypokalaemia, hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis. It is due to reduced urinary acidification by the α-intercalated cells in the collecting duct and can be caused by mutations in genes that encode subunits of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (ATP6V1B1, ATP6V0A4) or the anion exchanger 1 (SLC4A1). Treatment with alkali is the mainstay of therapy. METHODS: This study is an analysis of clinical data from a long-term follow-up of 24 children with dRTA in a single centre, including a genetic analysis...
February 10, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180979/the-influence-of-isolated-thoracoplasty-on-the-evolution-of-pulmonary-function-after-treatment-of-severe-thoracic-scoliosis
#4
Heiko Koller, Tobias L Schulte, Oliver Meier, Juliane Koller, Viola Bullmann, Wolfgang Hitzl, Michael Mayer, Tobias Lange, Jens Schmücker
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Isolated thoracoplasty (iTP) on the convex side is performed long time after scoliosis surgery has been performed. ITP is thought to cause a further decline in pulmonary function (PF); however, the amount of decline is ill defined. The objectives of this study were to examine the influence of iTP on the postoperative evolution of PF and rib hump reduction in patients that previously undergone scoliosis surgery. METHODS: Over an 11-year period, 75 patients underwent iTP...
February 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178601/bone-health-among-older-adults-in-taiwan
#5
Wei-Jen Wang, Kuan-Liang Kuo, Chen-Kun Liaw, Tai-Yin Wu, Wei-Chu Chie, Jer-Min Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There has been much discussion about the risk factors for osteoporosis, but studies involving elderly population in Taiwan are minimal. We aimed to describe variables related to osteoporosis among community dwelling older people in Taiwan. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. The 671 participants were randomly selected from 3680 examinees of the annual Senior Citizens Health Examination in year 2010. Participants were interviewed with a detailed questionnaire, and 91 of them were invited for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
January 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177383/evaluating-the-behavior-growth-performance-immune-parameters-and-intestinal-morphology-of-weaned-piglets-after-simulated-transport-and-heat-stress-when-antibiotics-are-eliminated-from-the-diet-or-replaced-with-l-glutamine
#6
J S Johnson, D C Lay
Study objectives were to evaluate the effects of post-weaning transport during heat stress (HS) and thermoneutral (TN) conditions when dietary antibiotics are removed or replaced with a nutraceutical. Sixty mixed sex piglets from 10 sows ( = 6 piglets/sow) were weaned (18.8 ± 0.8 d of age) and then herded up ramps into 1 of 2 simulated transport trailers in either TN (28.8 ± 0.2°C) or HS (cyclical 32 to 37°C) conditions where they remained for 12 h. During the 12 h of simulated transport, fans were used to simulate air movement through the trailer, feed and water were withheld, and rectal temperature (T) was measured hourly...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177370/fermentation-products-as-feed-additives-mitigate-some-ill-effects-of-heat-stress-in-pigs
#7
S Kumar, B E Bass, M Bandrick, C L Loving, S L Brockmeier, T Looft, J Trachsel, D M Madson, M Thomas, T A Casey, J W Frank, T B Stanton, H K Allen
Heat stress (HS) may result in economic losses to pig producers across the USA and worldwide. Despite significant advancements in management practices, HS continues to be a challenge. In this study, an in-feed antibiotic (carbadox, CBX) and antibiotic alternatives ( [XPC], and [SGX] fermentation products) were evaluated in a standard pig starter diet as mitigations against the negative effects of HS in pigs. A total of 100 gilts were obtained at weaning (6.87 ± 0.82 kg BW, 19.36 ± 0.72 d of age) and randomly assigned to dietary treatments (2 rooms/treatment, 2 pens/room, 6 to 7 pigs/pen)...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168702/biparietal-thinning-accidental-death-by-a-fall-from-standing-height
#8
Robert W Mann, Masahiko Kobayashi, Alan L Schiller
Biparietal thinning resulting in bilateral and symmetrical resorption and loss of thickness of the parietal bones is an uncommon to rare condition in the anthropological and clinical literature. This enigmatic condition of unknown etiology was first reported in the 18th century and has been variously described as a nonmetric trait, anatomical variant, anomaly, and pathology. Biparietal thinning presents grossly and radiographically as oval-shaped depressions in 0.25-0.8% and 0.4-0.5% of individuals and with a higher frequency in females over the age of 60 years...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166764/impact-of-weight-maintenance-and-loss-on-diabetes-risk-and-burden-a-population-based-study-in-33-184-participants
#9
Adina L Feldman, Simon J Griffin, Amy L Ahern, Grainne H Long, Lars Weinehall, Eva Fhärm, Margareta Norberg, Patrik Wennberg
BACKGROUND: Weight loss in individuals at high risk of diabetes is an effective prevention method and a major component of the currently prevailing diabetes prevention strategies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the public health potential for diabetes prevention of weight maintenance or moderate weight loss on a population level in an observational cohort with repeated measurements of weight and diabetes status. METHODS: Height, weight and diabetes status were objectively measured at baseline and 10 year follow-up in a population-based cohort of 33,184 participants aged 30-60 years between 1990 and 2013 in Västerbotten County, Sweden...
February 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160526/association-between-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-plateletcrit-and-the-presence-and-severity-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#10
Cift Tayfur, Dincgez Cakmak Burcu, Ozgen Gulten, Dundar Betul, Guclu Tugberk, Ozdenoglu Onur, Korkmazer Engin, Ozdemir Orcun
AIM: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) can be defined as intractable nausea and vomiting leading to electrolyte imbalance, ketonuria, nutrition deficiency and weight loss. Inflammation is known to play a crucial role in HG and many inflammatory markers have been studied to achieve early diagnosis. We investigated the association of the platelet to lymphocyte ratio and plateletcrit with the presence and severity of HG. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 433 pregnant women with a diagnosis of HG and 160 gestational age matched healthy pregnant women, who were admitted to a large tertiary research and training hospital between January and December 2015...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160254/association-between-low-lean-mass-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-653-women-with-hip-fracture-does-the-definition-of-low-lean-mass-matter
#11
Marco Di Monaco, Carlotta Castiglioni, Roberto Di Monaco, Rosa Tappero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Loss of both muscle and bone mass results in fragility fractures with increased risk of disability, poor quality of life, and death. Our aim was to assess the association between low appendicular lean mass (aLM) defined according to different criteria and low bone mineral density (BMD) in hip-fracture women. METHODS: Six hundred fifty-three women admitted to our rehabilitation hospital underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry 19.1 ± 4...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153935/association-of-tnf-receptor-2-and-crp-with-gfr-decline-in-the-general-nondiabetic-population
#12
Jørgen Schei, Vidar Tor Nyborg Stefansson, Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Trond Geir Jenssen, Marit Dahl Solbu, Tom Wilsgaard, Toralf Melsom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Higher levels of inflammatory markers have been associated with renal outcomes in diabetic populations. We investigated whether soluble TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were associated with the age-related GFR decline in a nondiabetic population using measured GFR (mGFR). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A representative sample of 1590 middle-aged people from the general population without prevalent kidney disease, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease were enrolled in the Renal Iohexol-Clearance Survey in Tromsø 6 (RENIS-T6) between 2007 and 2009...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151914/can-tranexamic-acid-reduce-blood-loss-in-cervical-laminectomy-with-lateral-mass-screw-fixation-and-bone-grafting-a-retrospective-observational-study
#13
Cheng-Cheng Yu, Wen-Jie Gao, Jun-Song Yang, Hua Gu, Ming Zhu Md, Kai Sun, Ding-Jun Hao
To assess the safety and efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) for decreasing perioperative blood loss in cervical laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation and bone grafting (CLF), in which all surgical procedures are identical.From November 2014 to April 2016, we performed a retrospective comparative analysis of 119 patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy who had undergone a CLF from C3 to C6 in our center. All surgeries were performed on the patients using a consistent, standard procedure...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149685/size-matters-relationships-between-body-size-and-body-mass-of-common-coastal-aquatic-invertebrates-in-the-baltic-sea
#14
Johan Eklöf, Åsa Austin, Ulf Bergström, Serena Donadi, Britas D H K Eriksson, Joakim Hansen, Göran Sundblad
BACKGROUND: Organism biomass is one of the most important variables in ecological studies, making biomass estimations one of the most common laboratory tasks. Biomass of small macroinvertebrates is usually estimated as dry mass or ash-free dry mass (hereafter 'DM' vs. 'AFDM') per sample; a laborious and time consuming process, that often can be speeded up using easily measured and reliable proxy variables like body size or wet (fresh) mass. Another common way of estimating AFDM (one of the most accurate but also time-consuming estimates of biologically active tissue mass) is the use of AFDM/DM ratios as conversion factors...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144749/amount-of-smoking-pulmonary-function-and-bone-mineral-density-in-middle-aged-korean-men-knhanes-2008-2011
#15
Ji Hyun Lee, A Ram Hong, Jung Hee Kim, Kyoung Min Kim, Bo Kyung Koo, Chan Soo Shin, Sang Wan Kim
Smoking induces bone loss; however, data on the relationship between smoking history and bone mineral density (BMD) are lacking. Age and pulmonary function can affect BMD. We investigated the relationships among pack-years (PYs) of smoking, pulmonary function, and BMD in middle-aged Korean men (50-64 years old). This cross-sectional study used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008-2011. All participants underwent BMD measurements using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and pulmonary function tests using standardized spirometry...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138780/reliability-and-scientific-use-of-a-surgical-planning-software-for-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-acdf
#16
Martin Barth, Christel Weiß, Christopher Brenke, Kirsten Schmieder
PURPOSE: Software-based planning of a spinal implant inheres in the promise of precision and superior results. The purpose of the study was to analyze the measurement reliability, prognostic value, and scientific use of a surgical planning software in patients receiving anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: Lateral neutral, flexion, and extension radiographs of patients receiving tailored cages as suggested by the planning software were available for analysis...
January 31, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125519/maxillary-sinus-dimensions-decrease-as-age-and-tooth-loss-increase
#17
Miguel Velasco-Torres, Miguel Padial-Molina, Gustavo Avila-Ortiz, Raúl García-Delgado, Francisco OʼValle, Andrés Catena, Pablo Galindo-Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between patient-dependent variables and dimensional variations of the maxillary sinus. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 394 individual cone-beam computed tomography scans were evaluated by one calibrated examiner to measure the total volume of the maxillary sinus, the distance between the medial and the lateral walls at 5, 10, and 15 mm vertically from the sinus floor, the height of septa (if present), and the height of the maxillary sinus cavity from both the alveolar crest and the sinus floor to the meatus...
January 25, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119231/reliability-and-comparison-of-trunk-and-pelvis-angles-arm-distance-and-center-of-pressure-in-the-seated-functional-reach-test-with-and-without-foot-support-in-children
#18
Sandra Radtka, Jacqueline Zayac, Krystyna Goldberg, Michael Long, Rustem Ixanov
This study determined test-retest reliability of trunk and pelvis joint angles, arm distance and center of pressure (COP) excursion for the seated functional reach test (FRT) and compared these variables during the seated FRT with and without foot support. Fifteen typically developing children (age 9.3±4.1years) participated. Trunk and pelvis joint angles, arm distance, and COP excursion were collected on two days using three-dimensional motion analysis and a force plate while subjects reached maximally with and without foot support in the anterior, anterior/lateral, lateral, posterior/lateral directions...
January 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102450/hidden-blood-loss-and-the-influential-factors-after-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-surgery
#19
Yao-Sen Wu, Hui Zhang, Wen-Hao Zheng, Zhen-Hua Feng, Ze-Xin Chen, Yan Lin
PURPOSE: Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). It is generally considered that there is little blood loss during the surgery. However, a significant perioperative hidden blood loss (HBL) is neglected. This study was to examine the amount of HBL and determine the influential factors during PKP. METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2016, 115 patients with OVCFs who were scheduled to have a PKP were enrolled in this study...
January 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079825/the-utility-of-bispectral-index-monitoring-for-prevention-of-rocuronium-induced-withdrawal-movement-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Byung Gun Lim, Il Ok Lee, Young Sung Kim, Young Ju Won, Heezoo Kim, Myoung Hoon Kong
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine whether a deep hypnotic state with a bispectral index (BIS) value less than 40 could alleviate withdrawal movement (WM) upon rocuronium injection during anesthesia induction in children. METHODS: Finally, 135 healthy children (3-12 years) scheduled for minor elective surgery were studied. Without premedication, anesthesia was induced with thiopental sodium 5 mg/kg. Patients were randomized into 2 groups (control vs experimental) and then by virtue of rocuronium injection time, patients in the experimental group were allocated into 2 groups, as follows: in the control group (group C; n = 45), rocuronium 0...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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