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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719143/osteoporotic-vertebral-fracture-prevalence-varies-widely-between-radiological-assessment-methods-the-rotterdam-study
#1
L Oei, F Koromani, S J Breda, J T Schousboe, E M Clark, Jbj van Meurs, M A Ikram, J H Waarsing, Fja van Rooij, M C Zillikens, G P Krestin, Ehg Oei, F Rivadeneira
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of vertebral osteoporotic fractures is crucial for the identification of individuals at high risk of future fractures. Different methods for radiological assessment of vertebral fractures exist, but a gold standard is lacking. The aim of our study was to estimate statistical measures of agreement and prevalence of osteoporotic vertebral fractures in the population-based Rotterdam Study, across the two most commonly applied assessment methods. METHODS: The quantitative morphometry (QM) method, evaluates vertebral height loss that affects vertebral shape whereas the algorithm based qualitative (ABQ) method judges endplate integrity and includes guidelines for the differentiation of vertebral fracture and non- fracture deformities...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717790/soft-and-hard-tissue-response-%C3%A2-to-an-implant-with-a-convergent-%C3%A2-collar-in-the-esthetic-area-%C3%A2-preliminary-report-at-18-months
#2
Luigi Canullo, Marco Tallarico, Guillermo Pradies, Fabio Marinotti, Ignazio Loi, Roberto Cocchetto
AIM: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate, over an 18-month period, soft and hard tissue response to a transmucosal implant with a convergent collar inserted in the anterior maxillary esthetic area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to January 2014, 14 consecutive patients were enrolled (7 men and 7 women; mean age 63.7 ± 14 years) with 20 implants, needing at least one implant-supported restoration between the canines in the maxillary anterior esthetic area...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712172/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-prospective-follow-up-of-30-patients
#3
Asad Ali Toor, Muhammad Waris Farooka, Mahmood Ayyaz, Zeeshan Razzaq, Awais Amjad Malik, Allah Nawaz, Asif Mahmood, Henry Paul Redmond
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity has become a surgically treatable problem. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is becoming a popular choice both for surgeons and patients due to effectiveness and low complication rates. METHODS: It was a prospective case series spanning over 6 years. Patient enrolment started from January 2009 and data collection completed in January 2015. Patient with BMI (weight in kilogram/height in meter square) of more than 35 were included in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704494/effects-of-a-multidisciplinary-weight-loss-intervention-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-11-years-of-experience
#4
Chiara Mameli, Jesse C Krakauer, Nir Y Krakauer, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Laura Schneider, Barbara Borsani, Sara Arrigoni, Erica Pendezza, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of an outpatient multidisciplinary weight loss intervention in reducing body mass index (BMI) in children and adolescents suffering overweight and obesity, changes in A Body Shape Index (ABSI, waist circumference normalized to height and weight) and Hip Index (HI, normalized hip circumference) during treatment and correlation between the ABSI and HI with change in BMI z score. METHODS: We analyze anthropometric data from pediatric patients affected by overweight and obesity aged 2 to 18 years old who entered our multidisciplinary weight loss intervention, which included medical, psychological and nutritional sessions, from January 1st 2006 to December 31st 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697803/effects-of-a-physical-activity-and-nutrition-program-in-retirement-villages-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Jonine Jancey, Anne-Marie Holt, Andy Lee, Deborah Kerr, Suzanne Robinson, Li Tang, A S Anderson, Andrew Hills, Peter Howat
BACKGROUND: This cluster randomised controlled trial aimed to determine if a 6- month home-based intervention could improve the physical activity and dietary behaviours of adults aged 60 to 80 years living in retirement villages located in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: Participants (n = 363) from 38 retirement villages were recruited into the trial and allocated to the intervention (n = 197: 17 sites) or control (n = 166: 21 sites) group and were blinded...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694824/burden-and-correlates-of-falls-among-rural-elders-of-south-india-mobility-and-independent-living-in-elders-study
#6
Pawan Kumar Sharma, Clareann H Bunker, Tushar Singh, Enakshi Ganguly, P Sudhakar Reddy, Anne B Newman, Jane A Cauley
AIM: Falls are an important contributor to loss of function, morbidity, and mortality in elders. Little is known about falls in Indian populations. The objective of this cross-sectional report was to identify the prevalence and correlates of falls in a cohort of 562 rural southern Indian men and women. METHODS: Risk factors included demographics, anthropometrics, self-reported health, medical history, physical function, vision, depression, and lifestyle. Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692486/standard-and-amputation-adjusted-body-mass-index-measures-comparison-and-relevance-to-functional-measures-weight-related-comorbidities-and-dieting
#7
Christopher Kevin Wong, Ryan J Wong
People with limb loss may misjudge weight-related health when not adjusting body mass index (BMI) for amputation level. This cross-sectional, community-based study compared BMI and amputation-adjusted BMI (A-BMI) and evaluated relationships among BMI categories, function, and dieting. Subjects provided self-reported demographic, functional, and medical/prosthetic data including height and weight and completed performance-based balance and gait measures. A Web-based A-BMI calculator adjusted for amputation levels...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684685/factors-associated-with-bone-health-in-malaysian-middle-aged-and-elderly-women-assessed-via-quantitative-ultrasound
#8
Kok-Yong Chin, Nie Yen Low, Wan Ilma Dewiputri, Soelaiman Ima-Nirwanaa
Risk factors for osteoporosis may vary according to different populations. We aimed to investigate the relationship between risk factors of osteoporosis and bone health indices determined via calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in a group of Malaysian women aged 50 years or above. A cross-sectional study was performed on 344 Malaysian women recruited from a tertiary medical centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. They answered a self-administered questionnaire on their social-demographic details, medical history, lifestyle, and physical activity status...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665532/characterization-of-body-composition-and-definition-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-cirrhosis-a-computed-tomography-based-study
#9
Jaya Benjamin, Varsha Shasthry, Chetan Ramesh Kalal, Lovkesh Anand, Ankit Bhardwaj, Vanshja Pandit, Ankur Arora, Sasidharan Rajesh, Viniyendra Pamecha, Vikas Jain, Guresh Kumar, Anthony Lauria, Puneet Puri, Yogendra Kumar Joshi, Shiv Kumar Sarin
Alterations in body composition (BC) as loss of fat and muscle mass (sarcopenia) are associated with poor outcome in alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC). Prevalence of sarcopenia depends upon the method of assessment. Computed Tomography (CT) is a gold standard tool for assessing BC AIM: To characterize BC and define sarcopenia in ALC patients using CT METHODS: Single slice CT images at L3 vertebrae of healthy controls (HC) - organ transplant donors and ALC patients were analysed to give cross-sectional area of five skeletal muscles normalized for height -skeletal muscle index (SMI; cm(2) /m(2) ), area of subcutaneous (SAT;cm(2) ) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT;cm(2) )...
June 30, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662833/additional-vertebral-augmentation-with-posterior-instrumentation-for-unstable-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#10
Fu-Cheng Kao, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Chia-Wei Yu, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Po-Liang Lai, Chi-Chien Niu, Lih-Huei Chen, Wen-Jer Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of vertebral augmentation in kyphosis reduction, vertebral fracture union, and correction loss after surgical management of thoracolumbar burst fracture. DESIGN: Retrospective chart and radiographic review. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. METHODS: The analysis included patients treated between April 2007 and June 2015, who received pedicle-screw-rod distraction and reduction within two days following acute traumatic thoracolumbar burst fracture with a load sharing score >6...
June 20, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659255/mobile-device-accuracy-for-step-counting-across-age-groups
#11
François Modave, Yi Guo, Jiang Bian, Matthew J Gurka, Alice Parish, Megan D Smith, Alexandra M Lee, Thomas W Buford
BACKGROUND: Only one in five American meets the physical activity recommendations of the Department of Health and Human Services. The proliferation of wearable devices and smartphones for physical activity tracking has led to an increasing number of interventions designed to facilitate regular physical activity, in particular to address the obesity epidemic, but also for cardiovascular disease patients, cancer survivors, and older adults. However, the inconsistent findings pertaining to the accuracy of wearable devices for step counting needs to be addressed, as well as factors known to affect gait (and thus potentially impact accuracy) such as age, body mass index (BMI), or leading arm...
June 28, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650972/contribution-of-cognitive-performance-and-cognitive-decline-to-associations-between-socioeconomic-factors-and-dementia-a-cohort-study
#12
Jennifer Rusmaully, Aline Dugravot, Jean-Paul Moatti, Michael G Marmot, Alexis Elbaz, Mika Kivimaki, Séverine Sabia, Archana Singh-Manoux
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic disadvantage is a risk factor for dementia, but longitudinal studies suggest that it does not affect the rate of cognitive decline. Our objective is to understand the manner in which socioeconomic disadvantage shapes dementia risk by examining its associations with midlife cognitive performance and cognitive decline from midlife to old age, including cognitive decline trajectories in those with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data are drawn from the Whitehall II study (N = 10,308 at study recruitment in 1985), with cognitive function assessed at 4 waves (1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012)...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#13
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637708/hypohydration-impairs-endurance-performance-a-blinded-study
#14
Lewis J James, Jodie Moss, Joshua Henry, Charikleia Papadopoulou, Stephen A Mears
The general scientific consensus is that starting exercise with hypohydration >2% body mass impairs endurance performance/capacity, but most previous studies might be confounded by a lack of subject blinding. This study examined the effect of hypohydration in a single blind manner using combined oral and intragastric rehydration to manipulate hydration status. After familiarization, seven active males (mean ± SD: age 25 ± 2 years, height 1.79 ± 0.07, body mass 78.6 ± 6.2, VO2peak 48 ± 7 mL·kg·min(-1)) completed two randomized trials at 34°C...
June 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629704/relationship-between-8-year-weight-change-body-size-and-health-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-large-cohort-of-adults-in-thailand
#15
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Wimalin Rimpeekool, Keren Papier, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be risk factors for a range of non-communicable diseases, especially cardio-metabolic conditions, worldwide. But less is known about the effects of weight change on adults' overall health and wellbeing, particularly in transitional low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the relationship between 8-year weight change and measures of self-assessed health among Thai adults. METHODS: Data were collected from Thai adults aged 25-40 years (n = 27,003) enrolled in the Thai cohort Study and surveyed in 2005, 2009, and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627027/elevated-serum-myostatin-level-is-associated-with-worse-survival-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#16
Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Akio Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Yuho Miyamoto, Noriko Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Takashi Nishimura, Kazunori Yoh, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Ryo Takata, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to elucidate the relationship between serum myostatin levels and other markers including skeletal muscle mass and to investigate the influence of serum myostatin levels on survival for patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). METHODS: A total of 198 LC subjects were analysed in this study. Myostatin levels were measured using stored sera. We retrospectively investigated the relationship between myostatin level and other markers, and the influence of myostatin level on overall survival (OS)...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608186/incidence-of-glaucomatous-visual-field-loss-after-two-decades-of-follow-up-the-rotterdam-study
#17
Henriët Springelkamp, Roger C Wolfs, Wishal D Ramdas, Albert Hofman, Johannes R Vingerling, Caroline C Klaver, Nomdo M Jansonius
To determine the incidence of glaucomatous visual field loss (GVFL) two decades after the start of the Rotterdam Study, and to compare known risk factors for open-angle glaucoma (OAG) between different clinical manifestations of OAG. Of 6806 participants aged 55 years and older from the population-based Rotterdam Study, 3939 underwent visual field testing at baseline and at least one follow-up round. The ophthalmic examinations included optic disc assessment and measurements of intraocular pressure (IOP), refractive error, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and height and weight...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605314/the-validity-and-reliability-of-knee-proprioception-measurement-performed-with-inclinometer-in-different-positions
#18
Sinem Suner-Keklik, Gamze Cobanoglu-Seven, Nihan Kafa, Mustafa Ugurlu, Nevin Atalay Guzel
CONTEXT: Proprioception is the basic element of the spontaneous control of movement, balance and joint stability. Therefore, it is necessary for the execution of walking and daily and sport activities. Loss of proprioception of the knee, which may cause a new injury, is important to evaluate the position sense of the joint during the rehabilitation period. However, the evaluation methods that are used are very expensive, complicated and non-portable, or the measuring method is difficult to implement...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598454/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-a-rural-residential-sanskrit-school-in-baglung-nepal
#19
B Amatya, N Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Under-nutrition is a condition in which there is inadequate consumption, poor absorption or excessive loss of nutrients. Nepal still faces high chronic as well as acute under-nutrition in children. The following study was conducted a Sanskrit school in rural Baglung to find the prevalence of malnutrition among the children which could reflect the nutritional status of the community. METHODS: Out of 60 students admitted to the school, only 43 were present at the time when we collected our data...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596284/prognostic-biopsy-of-choroidal-melanoma-an-optimised-surgical-and-laboratory-approach
#20
Martina Angi, Helen Kalirai, Azzam Taktak, Rumana Hussain, Carl Groenewald, Bertil E Damato, Heinrich Heimann, Sarah E Coupland
BACKGROUND: Accurate survival prognostication for patients with uveal melanoma (UM) enables effective patient counselling and permits personalised systemic surveillance for the early detection of metastases and, in high-risk patients, enrolment in any trials of systemic adjuvant therapy. The aim of this work is to determine the success of prognostic UM tumour biopsy using an improved surgical approach and optimised sample handling workflow. METHODS: Patients with UM treated by primary radiotherapy between 2011 and 2013 and who underwent a prognostic biopsy with cytology, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and/or microsatellite analysis were included...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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