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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904213/functional-outcome-of-intraarticular-distal-humerus-fracture-fixation-using-triceps-sparing-paratricipital-approach
#1
Vishal Yadav, Pulak Sharma, Ashish Gohiya
BACKGROUND: Displaced intraarticular distal humerus fracture has been conventionally treated operatively with various triceps disrupting approaches. These approaches are associated with several complications, such as triceps weakness, nonunion or delayed union of osteotomy, implant prominence, and delayed mobilization of the elbow. We present the functional outcome of intraarticular distal humerus fracture fixation using a triceps-sparing paratricipital approach which allows early elbow mobilization and preserving triceps strength...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890481/growth-disparity-of-motherless-children-might-be-attributed-to-a-deficient-intake-of-high-quality-nutrients
#2
Hui Wang, Xu Tian, Shaowei Wu, Zhibin Hu
We hypothesized that single-parent children (SPC) are retarded in growth compared with both-parent children (BPC), and that motherless children (MC) are affected differently from fatherless children. Moreover, the growth disparity between SPC and BPC might be attributed to a deficient nutrient intake. Data from 2967 children between the ages of 2 and 18 years were extracted from 4 recent waves (2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011) of the China Health and Nutrition Survey to compare the growth status of SPC and BPC and to investigate the association between growth indicators and nutrition status...
November 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881389/changes-in-skeletal-muscle-and-organ-size-after-a-weight-loss-intervention-in-overweight-and-obese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#3
Dympna Gallagher, David E Kelley, John Thornton, Lawrence Boxt, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Edward Lipkin, Ebenezer Nyenwe, Isaiah Janumala, Stanley Heshka
BACKGROUND: The effect of a weight-loss intervention on the masses of lean tissues and organs in humans is not well known. OBJECTIVE: We studied the effects of a diet and exercise weight-loss intervention on skeletal muscle (SM) mass and selected organs over 2 y using MRI in overweight adults with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Participants were 53 women and 39 men [mean ± SD: age 58 ± 7 y; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) 32 ± 3] enrolled in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) trial and randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) or diabetes support and education (DSE) on whom 2 y of data were collected...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867025/comparison-of-short-segment-pedicle-fixation-with-versus-without-inclusion-of-the-fracture-level-in-the-treatment-of-mild-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#4
Chao Sun, Guoping Guan, Xinhui Liu, Hailong Zhang, Bin Wang
BACKGROUND: A review of the literature showed that posterior short-segment fixation including the fractured vertebra (PSFFV) has better outcomes in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures(TBFs) than patients with short-segment pedicle screw fixation(SSPF) alone. However, its efficacy in mild TBFs with load-sharing scores of 3 and 4 points has not been specifically analyzed. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical, functional and radiologic results of PSFFV with SSPF for mild TBFs and to determine whether the screws in the fractured vetebra were necessary for these patients...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863890/normal-values-of-cervical-vertebral-measurements-according-to-age-and-sex-in-ct
#5
Serhad Omercikoglu, Erhan Altunbas, Haldun Akoglu, Ozge Onur, Arzu Denizbasi
INTRODUCTION: Atlantodental interval (ADI), basion-dental interval (BDI) and the thickness of prevertebral soft tissue (TOPST) measured in lateral cervical radiographs were reported to be useful indicators and indirect signs of underlying cervical spine injuries. However, cervical computed tomography (MDCT) is the first method of imaging used in all trauma patients and upper normal limits (UNLs) of cervical distances according to age and sex are undetermined. Therefore, we aimed to calculate these metrics...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862918/changes-in-body-mass-index-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-treated-without-cranial-radiation-and-with-reduced-glucocorticoid-therapy
#6
Lauren M Touyz, Jennifer Cohen, Kristen A Neville, Claire E Wakefield, Sarah P Garnett, Kylie-Ann Mallitt, Allison M Grech, Richard J Cohn
BACKGROUND: Cranial radiation and glucocorticoids are associated with an increase in body mass index (BMI) z-score in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We aimed to investigate the impact of a contemporary treatment protocol that omitted prophylactic cranial radiation and glucocorticoids from the maintenance phase on longitudinal BMI, height, and weight z-scores in children with ALL. METHOD: We retrospectively studied 184 children with standard- and medium-risk ALL treated without cranial radiation or glucocorticoids...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862286/association-of-muscle-weakness-with-post-fracture-mortality-in-older-men-and-women-a-25-year-prospective-study
#7
Hanh M Pham, Sing C Nguyen, Thao P Ho-Le, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman, Tuan V Nguyen
Osteoporotic fracture increases the risk of premature mortality. Muscle weakness is associated with both increased fracture risk and low BMD. However, the role of muscle strength in post-fracture mortality is not well understood. This study examines the change of muscle strength measured at quadriceps (QS) before and after fracture, and defines the relationship between muscle strength and post-fracture mortality. The study involved 889 women and 295 men (who were participating in the Dubbo Osteoporosis Study) who had at least one low trauma fracture (ascertained from X-ray reports) after the age of 50...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861136/a-prospective-descriptive-quality-improvement-study-to-investigate-the-impact-of-a-turn-and-position-device-on-the-incidence-of-hospital-acquired-sacral-pressure-ulcers-and-nursing-staff-time-needed-for-repositioning-patients
#8
Kimberly D Hall, Rebecca C Clark
Patients in critical care areas are at risk for developing hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) due to their physical conditions and limited ability to reposition themselves. A prospective, 2-phase quality improvement study was conducted from September to November 2011 and from February to April 2012 in 1 medical and 1 surgical ICU to investigate the impact of a turn-and-assist device on the incidence of HAPUs and the time and personnel required to reposition patients reported as person/minutes (staff x minutes)...
November 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858956/muscle-mass-loss-is-a-potential-predictor-of-90-day-mortality-in-older-adults-with-aspiration-pneumonia
#9
Keisuke Maeda, Junji Akagi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between loss of muscle mass and aspiration pneumonia (AP). DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort. SETTING: Acute geriatric hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals admitted to the hospital for AP (N = 151; mean age 85.9; 49.7% male). MEASUREMENTS: Appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI; appendicular skeletal muscle mass divided by height squared) was used to evaluate muscle mass...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844453/explosive-movement-in-the-older-men-analysis-and-comparative-study-of-vertical-jump
#10
Sébastien Argaud, Benoit Pairot de Fontenay, Yoann Blache, Karine Monteil
BACKGROUND: Loss of power has been demonstrated to have severe functional consequences to perform physical daily living tasks in old age. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess how moment and velocity were affected for each joint of the lower limbs during squat jumping for older men in comparison with young adults. METHODS: Twenty-one healthy older men (74.5 ± 4.6 years) and 22 young men (21.8 ± 2.8 years) performed maximal squat jumps...
November 14, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829511/high-burden-of-morbidity-and-mortality-but-not-growth-failure-in-infants-exposed-to-but-uninfected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-tanzania
#11
Lindsey M Locks, Karim P Manji, Roland Kupka, Enju Liu, Rodrick Kisenge, Christine M McDonald, Said Aboud, Molin Wang, Wafaie W Fawzi, Christopher P Duggan
OBJECTIVE: To compare health and growth outcomes in children infected with HIV, children exposed to but uninfected with HIV, and children unexposed to HIV. STUDY DESIGN: Our cohort included 3554 Tanzanian children enrolled in 2 trials of micronutrient supplementation. Among infants born to mothers infected with HIV, 264 were infected with HIV and 2088 were exposed to but uninfected at 6 weeks of age. An additional 1202 infants were unexposed to HIV. Infants were followed until 18 months of age, death, or loss to follow-up...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818009/use-of-the-six-minute-walk-test-to-characterize-golden-retriever-muscular-dystrophy
#12
Austin R Acosta, Emiko Van Wie, William B Stoughton, Amanda K Bettis, Heather H Barnett, Nicholas R LaBrie, Cynthia J Balog-Alvarez, Peter P Nghiem, Kevin J Cummings, Joe N Kornegay
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder in which loss of the dystrophin protein causes progressive skeletal/cardiac muscle degeneration and death within the third decade. For clinical trials and supportive animal studies, DMD disease progression and response to treatment must be established using outcome parameters (biomarkers). The 6-minute walk test (6MWT), defined as the distance an individual can walk in 6 minutes, is commonly used in DMD clinical trials and has been employed in dogs to characterize cardiac and respiratory disease severity...
October 3, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817106/reduced-sensitivity-for-visual-textures-affects-judgments-of-shape-from-shading-and-step-climbing-behaviour-in-older-adults
#13
Andrew J Schofield, Benjamin Curzon-Jones, Mark A Hollands
Falls on stairs are a major hazard for older adults. Visual decline in normal ageing can affect step-climbing ability, altering gait and reducing toe clearance. Here we show that a loss of fine-grained visual information associated with age can affect the perception of surface undulations in patterned surfaces. We go on to show that such cues affect the limb trajectories of young adults, but due to their lack of sensitivity, not that of older adults. Interestingly neither the perceived height of a step nor conscious awareness is altered by our visual manipulation, but stepping behaviour is, suggesting that the influence of shape perception on stepping behaviour is via the unconscious, action-centred, dorsal visual pathway...
November 5, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790575/the-effect-of-ridge-expansion-on-implant-stability-in-narrow-partially-edentulous-ridges-a-preliminary-clinical-study
#14
Latheef Saheb Shaik, Sridhar Meka, Vivekanand Sabanna Kattimani, Srinivas Pandi Chakravarthi, Naga Neelima Devi Kolli, Krishna Prasad Lingamaneni, Susmita Avvaru, Rahul Tiwari
INTRODUCTION: Currently, dental treatments with better aesthetic results and less treatment time is more acceptable by the patients. Inadequate amount of bone for implant placement at functionally and aesthetically most appropriate position is a common problem. AIM: To assess the effect of ridge expansion on implant stability in narrow partially edentulous ridges and to evaluate clinically and radiographically the success of dental implants, placed immediately following ridge expansion procedure...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787445/incidence-and-causes-of-vision-loss-during-aflibercept-treatment-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-one-year-follow-up
#15
Masayuki Hata, Akio Oishi, Kenji Yamashiro, Sotaro Ooto, Hiroshi Tamura, Hideo Nakanishi, Naoko Ueda-Arakawa, Yumiko Akagi-Kurashige, Yoshimasa Kuroda, Ayako Takahashi, Akitaka Tsujikawa, Nagahisa Yoshimura
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence rate, risk factors, and final outcomes of patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) who have experienced vision loss despite periodic aflibercept treatment. METHODS: Subjects with treatment-naive AMD were prospectively recruited and treated with three monthly injections followed by two monthly injections of aflibercept. The incidence rate and risk factors of more than two lines of vision loss at any visit were investigated...
October 26, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784062/cost-effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#16
Matthew J Klebanoff, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Jacob D Nudel, Kathleen E Corey, Lee M Kaplan, Chin Hur
Importance: Severe obesity affects 4% to 6% of US youth and is increasing in prevalence. Bariatric surgery for the treatment of adolescents with severe obesity is becoming more common, but data on cost-effectiveness are limited. Objective: To assess the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery for adolescents with obesity using recently published results from the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study. Design, Setting, and Patients: A state-transition model was constructed to compare 2 strategies: no surgery and bariatric surgery...
October 26, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771588/age-related-periodontitis-and-alveolar-bone-loss-in-rice-rats
#17
J I Aguirre, M P Akhter, K G Neuville, C R Trcalek, A M Leeper, A A Williams, M Rivera, L Kesavalu, H Z Ke, M Liu, D B Kimmel
OBJECTIVE: To characterize in rice rats: (a) periodontitis (PD) progress with feeding of standard laboratory rat chow (STD) during ages 4-80 weeks; and (b) PD progress with feeding of a high sucrose-casein (H-SC) diet during young adulthood. METHODS: One group (N=12) was euthanized at age 4 weeks (Baseline). Four groups (N=8-16) consumed a STD diet from baseline and were necropsied at ages 22, 30, 52, and 80 weeks. Three groups (N=10-16) consumed an H-SC diet from baseline...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759505/cone-beam-computer-tomography-analysis-of-the-posterior-and-anterior-mandibular-lingual-concavity-for-dental-implant-patients
#18
Thomas Young Ho Yoon, Richard A Michaud, Mitesh Patel, Alexandra M Manibo
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate variations in and the prevalence of the lingual concavity. MATERIALS & METHODS: This study used images taken between January 1st, 2011 and August 31st, 2015 from a total of 104 patient charts randomly selected from a private practice. These images were all acquired from a single cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) machine. The CBCT's were reviewed in cross sectional images of both the left and right anterior incisor and posterior molar regions...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732055/pediatric-loss-of-control-eating-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-concentrations
#19
Lisa M Shank, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Shannon E Marwitz, Rim D Mehari, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Miranda M Broadney, Ovidiu A Galescu, Courtney K Pickworth, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Loss of control (LOC) eating in youth is associated with excess body weight and adiposity. After adjusting for fat mass, youth with LOC eating have higher blood pressure and higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to youth without LOC eating. Increased inflammation may account for this relationship, although few data have examined this hypothesis. Therefore, this study explored the association between LOC eating and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of inflammation...
October 12, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725102/a-comparison-of-bone-resorption-over-time-an-analysis-of-the-free-scapular-iliac-crest-and-fibular-microvascular-flaps-in-mandibular-reconstruction
#20
Tommy Wilkman, Satu Apajalahti, Erika Wilkman, Jyrki Törnwall, Patrik Lassus
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the resorption of the bone in the free scapular, free iliac crest, and free fibular microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present retrospective study, we analyzed 186 consecutive patients with scapular, fibular, or deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) osseous free microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction. We followed up the patients clinically and using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with volume analyses of the bone...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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