keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hormone contraception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933170/growth-of-a-progesterone-receptor-positive-meningioma-in-a-female-patient-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#1
T O'Shea, R K Crowley, M Farrell, S MacNally, P Govender, J Feeney, J Gibney, M Sherlock
: Meningioma growth has been previously described in patients receiving oestrogen/progestogen therapy. We describe the clinical, radiological, biochemical and pathologic findings in a 45-year-old woman with congenital adrenal hyperplasia secondary to a defect in the 21-hydroxylase enzyme who had chronic poor adherence to glucocorticoid therapy with consequent virilisation. The patient presented with a frontal headache and marked right-sided proptosis. Laboratory findings demonstrated androgen excess with a testosterone of 18...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924667/contraceptive-practices-in-women-with-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Natália S Carvalho, Josefina Pellegrini Braga, Márcia Barbieri, Maria R Torloni, Maria S Figueiredo, Cristina A F Guazzelli
This was a cross-sectional study of sexually active women with sickle-cell disease (SCD) managed at São Paulo Federal University during a one-year period. A total of 54 women were included. Mean age was 32.0 (11.2, standard deviation) years and almost 95% were black or of mixed racial ancestry. Almost 80% reported a history of multiple blood transfusions, 50% had kidney disease and 17% had a history of thrombosis. Over 80% of them had used some form of contraception, mostly combined hormonal contraceptive (52%) or progestin-only contraceptives (46%)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923182/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-hair-cortisol-in-a-south-london-community-sample
#3
Susanne Fischer, Roman Duncko, Stephani L Hatch, Andrew Papadopoulos, Laura Goodwin, Souci Frissa, Matthew Hotopf, Anthony J Cleare
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) measures are crucial for research into stress and stress-related disorders. Most HPA measures fluctuate depending on diurnal rhythms and state confounders. Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) are less susceptible to such fluctuations, but less is known about trait-like confounders. Using a community sample, we tested the relationship between HCC and a range of variables including demographic variables, hair treatment, and medication, as well as psychosocial variables, namely childhood trauma, critical life events, and depressive symptoms...
November 17, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923181/combined-oral-contraceptive-use-is-associated-with-both-improvement-and-worsening-of-mood-in-the-different-phases-of-the-treatment-cycle-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#4
Cecilia Lundin, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Marie Bixo, Lena Moby, Hanna Bengtsdotter, Izabella Jawad, Lena Marions, Jan Brynhildsen, Agota Malmborg, Ingela Lindh, Inger Sundström Poromaa
OBJECTIVE: Ever since the introduction of combined oral contraception (COC), one of the major reasons for discontinuing the pill use has been mood-related side effects. Moreover, women who discontinue the pill turn to less effective methods whereby the probability of an unintended conception increases. Approximately 4-10% of COC users complain of depressed mood, irritability or increased anxiety, but drug-related causality has been difficult to prove. Given the lack of randomized controlled trials in this area, we aimed to prospectively estimate the severity of adverse mood in COC users that would be as representative of general users as possible...
November 29, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915483/factors-associated-with-sterilization-among-hiv-positive-us-women-in-an-urban-outpatient-clinic
#5
V T Raziano, A N Smoots, L B Haddad, K M Wall
This cross-sectional study sought to determine factors associated with sterilization among HIV-positive US women. HIV-positive women aged 18-45 completed an Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI) questionnaire. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression evaluated factors associated with sterilization. The median age of the 187 participants was 37, the majority had at least a high school education, and 88% were African American. Nearly a quarter (22%) of women had undergone sterilization at an average age of 25; of these women, 71% cited their HIV-positive status as an important factor in deciding to have a tubal ligation, 22% expressed desire for future children, 32% reported sterilization regret, and 20% reported feeling pressure to undergo sterilization...
December 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913230/effects-of-combined-oral-contraceptives-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-and-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-on-the-vaginal-microbiome
#6
J Paul Brooks, David J Edwards, Diana L Blithe, Jennifer M Fettweis, Myrna G Serrano, Nihar U Sheth, Jerome F Strauss, Gregory A Buck, Kimberly K Jefferson
OBJECTIVES: Prior studies suggest that the composition of the vaginal microbiome may positively or negatively affect susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and bacterial vaginosis (BV). Some female hormonal contraceptive methods also appear to positively or negatively influence STI transmission and BV. Therefore changes in the vaginal microbiome that are associated with different contraceptive methods may explain, in part, effects on STI transmission and BV. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of 16S rRNA gene survey data of vaginal samples from a subset of participants from the Human Vaginal Microbiome Project at Virginia Commonwealth University...
November 29, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910901/risk-factors-for-endometrial-cancer-results-from-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#7
Maryam Ghanbari Andarieh, Mouloud Agajani Delavar, Dariush Moslemi, Sedighe Esmaeilzadeh
Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association between endometrial cancer and possible etiological agents. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Iran between March 2012 and May 2016. The demographic and reproductive factors of 205 women with endometrial cancer were compared, and 590 healthy cases were participated in the control group. For each endometrial cancer case, there were three controls, who were matched in terms of age and residence. The data were considered significant at p ≤0...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910087/menstrual-migraine-and-treatment-options-review
#8
REVIEW
Kasra Maasumi, Stewart J Tepper, Jennifer S Kriegler
OBJECTIVE: A review of treatment options for menstrual migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine affects ∼30 million people in the US. A subset of female migraineurs have migraines that are mainly associated with menstruation. Menstrual migraine (MM) is divided into pure MM and menstrually related migraine. Pure MM attacks occur only with menstruation and have a prevalence of 1%. Menstrually related migraine has a prevalence of 6-7%, and occurs both during menstruation as well as during the rest of the cycle...
December 2, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908964/effects-of-the-etonogestrel-contraceptive-implant-implanon%C3%A2-on-bone-metabolism-during-lactation-a-prospective-study
#9
Candan Iltemir Duvan, Yuksel Onaran, Esra Aktepe Keskin, Ebru Yüce, Burcu Yanık, Hasan Kafali, Nilgun Ozturk Turhan
AIM: To evaluate the effects of the etonogestrel contraceptive implant (Implanon(®)) on bone metabolism in lactating women using markers for bone formation and resorption. STUDY DESIGN: This single-centre, prospective cohort study was conducted in Turgut Ozal University Medical Faculty Obstetrics and Gynecology Department with healthy lactating women aged between 24 and 38 years to compare the effect on bone metabolism of 6 months' use of either the implant or a non-hormonal contraceptive method...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908210/the-sexuological-impact-of-hormonal-contraceptives-based-on-their-route-of-administration
#10
Maurizio Guida, Costantino Di Carlo, Jacopo Troisi, Alessandra Gallo, Francesca Cibarelli, Ellis Martini, Lara Tiranini, Rossella E Nappi
Evidence on the effects of hormonal contraceptives on female sexuality is conflicting. We enrolled 556 women, divided into six groups: two composed of subjects using a combined hormonal contraceptive (COC) containing 0.020 ("COC20") and 0.030 ("COC30") mg of ethynyl estradiol (EE), "natural", using COC containing 1.5 mg of estradiol (E2), "ring", using a vaginal ring releasing each day 0.015 mg of EE + 0.120 of etonogestrel, "subcutaneous", using a progestin only subcutaneous contraceptive implant releasing etonogestrel and "controls", using no hormonal contraceptive methods...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907978/comparison-of-the-single-dose-pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-safety-of-two-novel-oral-formulations-of-dimethandrolone-undecanoate-dmau-a-potential-oral-male-contraceptive
#11
R Ayoub, S T Page, R S Swerdloff, P Y Liu, J K Amory, A Leung, L Hull, D Blithe, A Christy, J H Chao, W J Bremner, C Wang
Dimethandrolone (DMA, 7α,11β-dimethyl-19-nortestosterone) has both androgenic and progestational activities, ideal properties for a male hormonal contraceptive. In vivo, dimethandrolone undecanoate (DMAU) is hydrolyzed to DMA. We showed previously that single oral doses of DMAU powder in capsule taken with food are well tolerated and effective at suppressing both LH and testosterone (T), but absorption was low. We compared the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of two new formulations of DMAU, in castor oil and in self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS), with the previously tested powder formulation...
December 1, 2016: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907901/serum-amh-levels-in-healthy-women-from-brca1-2-mutated-families-are-they-reduced
#12
Theodora C van Tilborg, Inge A P Derks-Smeets, Anna M E Bos, Jan C Oosterwijk, Ron J van Golde, Christine E de Die-Smulders, Lizet E van der Kolk, Wendy A G van Zelst-Stams, Maria E Velthuizen, Annemieke Hoek, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Joop S E Laven, Margreet G E M Ausems, Frank J M Broekmans
STUDY QUESTION: Do BRCA1/2 mutation carriers have a compromised ovarian reserve compared to proven non-carriers, based on serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels? SUMMARY ANSWER: BRCA1/2 mutation carriers do not show a lower serum AMH level in comparison to proven non-carriers, after adjustment for potential confounders. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: It has been suggested that the BRCA genes play a role in the process of ovarian reserve depletion, although previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the association between serum AMH levels and BRCA mutation status...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907851/effects-of-antiandrogenic-progestins-chlormadinone-and-cyproterone-acetate-and-the-estrogen-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol-ee2-and-their-mixtures-transactivation-with-human-and-rainbowfish-hormone-receptors-and-transcriptional-effects-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-eleuthero
#13
Patricia Franziska Siegenthaler, Peter Bain, Francesco Riva, Karl Fent
Synthetic progestins act as endocrine disrupters in fish but their risk to the environment is not sufficiently known. Here, we focused on an unexplored antiandrogenic progestin, chlormadinone acetate (CMA), and the antiandrogenic progestin cyproterone acetate (CPA). The aim was to evaluate whether their in vitro interaction with human and rainbowfish (Melanotaenia fluviatilis) sex hormone receptors is similar. Furthermore, we investigated their activity in zebrafish (Danio rerio) eleuthero-embryos. First, we studied agonistic and antagonistic activities of CMA, CPA, and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), in recombinant yeast expressing either the human progesterone (PGR), androgen (AR), or estrogen receptor...
November 9, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906603/utility-of-ovarian-reserve-screening-with-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-for-reproductive-age-women-deferring-pregnancy
#14
Lisa C Grossman, Lauren Zakarin Safier, Melissa D Kline, Cariann W Chan, Rogerio A Lobo, Mark V Sauer, Nataki C Douglas
BACKGROUND: Ovarian reserve (OR) testing with serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) can provide information about a woman's fertility potential. The aim of this study was to assess interest and knowledge about OR testing and investigate the utility of measuring AMH in women of reproductive age deferring pregnancy. METHODS: Women ages 27-37 years currently delaying childbearing were invited to take a survey regarding attitudes and knowledge about OR testing before and after an AMH measurement with explanation of their results...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905146/temporal-changes-in-serum-luteinizing-hormone-following-ovariohysterectomy-and-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-vaccination-in-domestic-cats
#15
H L Bateman, L M Vansandt, J Newsom, W F Swanson
Measurement of circulating luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations in cats and temporal changes following ovariohysterectomy (OHE) or possibly GnRH vaccination may be informative for assessing their fertility, contraception or sterilization status. In this study, serum LH concentrations were measured in domestic cats (n = 6) immediately prior to and up to 120 days post-OHE. Basal LH concentrations of females previously subjected to OHE (n = 4; ~1.5 years post-OHE) were compared pre- and post-vaccination with a GnRH immunocontraceptive, and to LH concentrations in intact females...
November 30, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905115/treatment-for-hereditary-angioedema-with-normal-c1-inh-and-specific-mutations-in-the-f12-gene-hae-fxii
#16
K Bork, K Wulff, G Witzke, J Hardt
Hereditary angioedema with normal C1 esterase inhibitor and mutations in the F12 gene (HAE-FXII) is associated with skin swellings, abdominal pain attacks, and the risk of asphyxiation due to upper airway obstruction. It occurs nearly exclusively in women. We report our experience treating HAE-FXII with discontinuation of potential trigger factors and drug therapies. The study included 72 patients with HAE-FXII. Potential triggers included estrogen-containing oral contraceptives (eOC), hormonal replacement therapy, or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors...
November 6, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899496/hormonal-contraception-and-risk-of-thromboembolism-in-women-with-diabetes
#17
Sarah H O'Brien, Terah Koch, Sara K Vesely, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety of hormonal contraception with regard to thromboembolic events in women with type 1 or 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from 2002-2011 in Clinformatics Data Mart to identify women in the U.S., 14-44 years of age, with an ICD-9-CM code for diabetes and a prescription for a diabetic medication or device. We examined contraceptive claims and compared time to thromboembolism (venous thrombosis, stroke, or myocardial infarction) among women with diabetes dispensed hormonal contraception using a modification of Cox regression to control for age, smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetic complications, and history of cancer; we excluded data for 3 months after women gave birth...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898658/reproductive-and-menstrual-factors-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#18
Neil Murphy, Linzhi Xu, Alice Zervoudakis, Xiaonan Xue, Geoffrey Kabat, Thomas E Rohan, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Mary Jo O'Sullivan, Cynthia Thomson, Catherine Messina, Howard D Strickler, Marc J Gunter
BACKGROUND: Reproductive and menstrual factors have been evaluated as surrogates for long-term hormonal exposures in several prospective studies of colorectal cancer, yet findings have been conflicting. METHODS: The relation of reproductive and menstrual factors (self-reported via a reproductive history questionnaire) with incident colorectal cancer was investigated among women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), a longitudinal cohort of 93 676 postmenopausal women (aged 50-79 years at enrolment) in which 1149 incident cases of colorectal cancer occurred over a median follow-up of 11...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894894/junctional-zone-thickness-in-young-nulliparous-women-according-to-menstrual-cycle-and-hormonal-contraception-use
#19
Liesbeth Johannes Meylaerts, Leen Wijnen, Martijn Grieten, Yvan Palmers, Willem Ombelet, Marjan Vandersteen
This prospective study aims to determine the optimal menstrual phase and uterine location to detect the thickest junctional zone by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Healthy nulliparous women were subdivided according to their use of hormonal contraception. Each women was investigated three times during their menstrual cycle. Eighteen nulliparous non-users and 29 nulliparous users of hormonal contraception (mean age 26.4 and 25.8 years, respectively) underwent a pelvic MRI (1.5T) examination during the follicular, ovulatory and luteal phase...
November 10, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894033/the-age-related-recurrence-of-endometrioma-after-conservative-surgery
#20
Jong-Wook Seo, Dong-Yun Lee, Byung-Koo Yoon, DooSeok Choi
OBJECTIVE: As endometrioma frequently recurs after conservative surgery, long-term postoperative medical treatment for the prevention of recurrence is necessary. However, it has not been elucidated whether long-term postoperative medical treatment is crucial to all patients until menopause. Thereupon, this study was conducted to evaluate the age-related recurrence patterns after conservative surgery for endometrioma. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed on a total of 420 reproductive-aged women who underwent conservative surgery for endometrioma between January 2000 and December 2010...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
keyword
keyword
76440
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"