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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334545/bacterial-vaginosis-modifies-the-association-between-hormonal-contraception-and-hiv-acquisition
#1
Lisa Haddad, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Bellington Vwailika, Naw Htee, Ilene Brill, Elwyn Chomba, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: To examine BV as an effect modifier for the association between hormonal contraception (HC) and incident HIV infection DESIGN:: Serodiscordant couples enrolled in an open longitudinal cohort in Lusaka, Zambia from 1994-2012. This analysis was restricted to couples with an HIV-positive man enrolled between1994-2002 when a quarterly genital tract examination and HIV testing was performed. METHODS: Multivariate Cox models evaluated the association between contraceptive method and HIV-acquisition, stratified by time-varying BV status...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334037/improvement-in-the-prognosis-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-over-a-22-year-period
#2
Dustin Anderson, Julie Kromm, Thomas Jeerakathil
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare cause of stroke, with a number of well-defined risk factors. However, there exist few studies that describe trends in the prognosis of this disease over time. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on patients diagnosed with cerebral venous thrombosis at the University of Alberta Hospital during two time periods: 1988-1998 (21 patients) and 1999-2009 (40 patients). Signs and symptoms, risk factors, imaging findings, etiologies, treatment modalities, and status at discharge were examined...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327114/anthropometric-characteristics-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-and-survival
#3
Albina N Minlikeeva, Kirsten B Moysich, Paul C Mayor, John L Etter, Rikki A Cannioto, Roberta B Ness, Kristen Starbuck, Robert P Edwards, Brahm H Segal, Sashikant Lele, Kunle Odunsi, Brenda Diergaarde, Francesmary Modugno
PURPOSE: Multiple studies have examined the role of anthropometric characteristics in ovarian cancer risk and survival; however, their results have been conflicting. We investigated the associations between weight change, height and height change and risk and outcome of ovarian cancer using data from a large population-based case-control study. METHODS: Data from 699 ovarian cancer cases and 1,802 controls who participated in the HOPE study were included. We used unconditional logistic regression adjusted for age, race, number of pregnancies, use of oral contraceptives, and family history of breast or ovarian cancer to examine the associations between self-reported height and weight and height change with ovarian cancer risk...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323577/ongoing-or-previous-mental-disorders-predispose-to-adverse-mood-reporting-during-combined-oral-contraceptive-use
#4
Hanna Bengtsdotter, Cecilia Lundin, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Marie Bixo, Juliane Baumgart, Lena Marions, Jan Brynhildsen, Agota Malmborg, Ingela Lindh, Inger Sundström Poromaa
PURPOSE: Previous studies have emphasised that women with pre-existing mood disorders are more inclined to discontinue hormonal contraceptive use. However, few studies have examined the effects of combined oral contraceptives (COC) on mood in women with previous or ongoing mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a supplementary analysis of an investigator-initiated, double-blinded, randomised clinical trial during which 202 women were treated with either a COC (1...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323559/reply-to-letter-to-editor-regarding-risk-of-bacterial-vaginosis-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-candida-albicans-infection-among-new-users-of-combined-hormonal-contraception-compared-to-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system
#5
Mohamed Rezk, Tarek Sayyed, Alaa Masood, Ragab Dawood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322301/effects-of-short-term-dhea-intake-on-hormonal-responses-in-young-recreationally-trained-athletes-modulation-by-gender
#6
Katia Collomp, Corinne Buisson, Nicolas Gravisse, Soraya Belgherbi, Zakaria Labsy, Manh-Cuong Do, Olivier Gagey, Sophie Dufay, Nancy Vibarel-Rebot, Michel Audran
BACKGROUND: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) figures on the World Anti-Doping Agency list of prohibited substances in sport because it is assumed that athletes expect a significant increase in testosterone through DHEA administration. The literature on the hormonal effects of DHEA intake nevertheless appears to be very scant in healthy young subjects, especially women. PURPOSE: We examined the effects of DHEA on adrenal and gonadal hormones, IGF1 and free T3 in healthy young male and female recreationally trained volunteers...
January 10, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314138/ovarian-markers-and-irregular-menses-among-women-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-epidemiology-of-diabetes-interventions-and-complications-study
#7
C Kim, R S Miller, B H Braffett, Y Pan, V L Arends, A K Saenger, A Barnie, A V Sarma
OBJECTIVE: Women with type 1 diabetes have increased risk of infertility compared to women without diabetes even after adjustment for irregular menses, but etiologies are incompletely understood. Our aim was to examine the prevalence of abnormalities in ovarian markers consistent with polycystic ovary syndrome in women with type 1 diabetes and associations with irregular menses and diabetes-specific variables. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a secondary analysis of women in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Study (DCCT/EDIC), a randomized trial and observational follow-up of intensive insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313033/detection-of-ovulation-a-review-of-currently-available-methods
#8
REVIEW
Hsiu-Wei Su, Yu-Chiao Yi, Ting-Yen Wei, Ting-Chang Chang, Chao-Min Cheng
The ability to identify the precise time of ovulation is important for women who want to plan conception or practice contraception. Here, we review the current literature on various methods for detecting ovulation including a review of point-of-care device technology. We incorporate an examination of methods to detect ovulation that have been developed and practiced for decades and analyze the indications and limitations of each-transvaginal ultrasonography, urinary luteinizing hormone detection, serum progesterone and urinary pregnanediol 3-glucuronide detection, urinary follicular stimulating hormone detection, basal body temperature monitoring, and cervical mucus and salivary ferning analysis...
September 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302853/progesterone-receptor-pgr-gene-variants-associated-with-breast-cancer-and-associated-features-a-case-control-study
#9
Rabeb M Ghali, Maryam A Al-Mutawa, Bashayer H Ebrahim, Hanen H Jrah, Sonia Zaied, Hanen Bhiri, Fahmi Hmila, Touhami Mahjoub, Wassim Y Almawi
Insofar as altered estrogen receptor-progesterone receptor (PR) expression contribute to breast cancer pathogenesis, previous studies examined the association of genetic variation in PR gene (PGR) with breast cancer, but with mixed outcome. We evaluated the association between PGR variants, and breast cancer and associated features. A retrospective case-control study involving 183 female breast cancer patients, and 222 control women. PGR genotyping was done by real-time PCR. Minor allele frequencies of rs1042838, rs590688, and rs10895068 PGR gene polymorphisms were significantly higher in breast cancer patients compared to controls...
January 4, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299723/current-smoking-is-associated-with-a-larger-waist-circumference-and-a-more-androgenic-profile-in-young-healthy-women-from-high-risk-breast-cancer-families
#10
Carolina Ellberg, Håkan Olsson, Helena Jernström
The purpose was to elucidate the interplay between current smoking, anthropometric measurements, and endogenous hormone levels in women ≤ 40 years. Questionnaires on lifestyle and reproductive factors were completed by 269 healthy women from high-risk breast cancer families between 1996 and 2006 in Sweden. Blood samples for analyses of plasma testosterone, estradiol, androstenedione, sex hormone-binding globulin, and body measurements were obtained 5-10 days before predicted onset of the next menstrual period...
January 3, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290339/encouraging-comprehensive-and-consistent-pharmacist-education-for-provision-of-contraception
#11
Lorinda Anderson, Laura M Borgelt, Paige Clark, Gina Moore
OBJECTIVES: To initiate a call to action for community pharmacists and key stakeholders to encourage comprehensive and consistent education and certification for contraception services, especially in states where laws have been enacted for pharmacist prescribing of hormonal contraceptives. DATE SOURCES: Websites for several boards of pharmacy that have implemented pharmacist training for contraceptive prescribing. SUMMARY: From the authors' perspective of helping to implement laws that allow pharmacist prescribing of contraception in Oregon and Colorado, lessons learned have shown that it is better to have 1 consistent resource for pharmacist certification for the following reasons: 1) Boards of pharmacy are able to ensure patient safety because all pharmacists are providing the same level of care to every patient; 2) retail chain pharmacies and pharmacy managers are assured that all their pharmacists, regardless of state, are trained in a similar and appropriate manner; and 3) pharmacists can be reimbursed through medical insurance for the patient encounter because payers are able to identify and credential pharmacists who pass an approved and accredited certification program...
January 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284505/factors-related-to-healthy-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviors-in-undergraduate-students-at-university-of-seville-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Fátima Leon-Larios, Juana Macías-Seda
BACKGROUND: Young people are a group of population with sexual risk-taking behaviors. Despite efforts to inform them it is common for them to adopt risk conducts during their stay at University. The aim of this research was to assess knowledge, attitudes and experiences on sexual health and contraceptives and factors related to risk behaviors in university students. METHODS: A cross- sectional analytical study was carried out from February to April 2014 among undergraduate students at University of Seville...
December 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283683/period-prevalence-and-perceived-side-effects-of-hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-the-menstrual-cycle-in-elite-athletes
#13
Daniel Martin, Craig Sale, Simon B Cooper, Kirsty J Elliott-Sale
PURPOSE: To identify the period prevalence of hormonal contraceptive (HC) use and characterise the perceived side effects associated with the menstrual cycle and HC use. METHODS: 430 elite female athletes completed a questionnaire to assess; the period prevalence of HC use, the reasons for initiation and discontinuation of HCs and the side effects experienced by HC and non-HC users. Descriptive statistics, between-group comparisons and associations between categorical variables were calculated...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278560/are-hormonal-contraceptives-less-effective-in-overweight-and-obese-women
#14
Shriya Patel, Lawrence Carey
Loss of efficacy of hormonal contraceptives is of particular concern for women who are overweight or obese. Only recently have clinical trials started to include overweight and obese women in their study populations, limiting the data available on which to make the best prescribing decisions for hormonal contraceptives for these patients. Other methods, such as the copper or levonorgestrel-containing intrauterine device, the etonogestrel implant, and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, are preferred over combined oral contraceptives, the transdermal patch, and the vaginal ring...
January 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277854/update-on-the-effect-of-exogenous-hormone-use-on-glioma-risk-in-women-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-and-cohort-studies
#15
Yu-Long Lan, Xun Wang, Jia-Cheng Lou, Bin-Bin Ma, Jin-Shan Xing, Shuang Zou, Bo Zhang
Various studies have confirmed the important roles of endogenous hormones in the development of gliomas, while the roles of exogenous hormones remain controversial. Based on case-control studies and cohort studies, a meta-analysis was exerted to explore the effect of two exogenous hormones use (HRT: hormone replacement therapy; OC: oral contraceptives) on glioma risk. 16 eligible studies, including 11 case-control studies and 5 cohort studies, containing 8055027 women, were included in our study. All included studies have reported the relative risks (RRs) or odds ratios (ORs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276652/endometriosis-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-clinical-management
#16
Parveen Parasar, Pinar Ozcan, Kathryn L Terry
Purpose of review: Endometriosis is a disease of adolescents and reproductive-aged women characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity and commonly associated with chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Here we review the epidemiology of endometriosis as well as potential biomarkers for detection and with the goal of highlighting risk factors that could be used in combination with biomarkers to identify and treat women with endometriosis earlier.. Recent findings: Early age at menarche, shorter menstrual length, and taller height are associated with a higher risk of endometriosis while parity, higher body mass index (BMI) and smoking are associated with decreased risk...
March 2017: Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260590/ovulatory-status-and-menstrual-cycle-duration-assessed-by-self-collection-of-urine-on-ph-strips-in-a-population-based-sample-of-french-women-not-using-hormonal-contraception
#17
Lyliane Rosetta, Jean-Christophe Thalabard, Julien Tanniou, Béatrice Ducot, Lorraine Maitrot-Mantelet, Christine Rousset-Jablonski, Aline Bohet, Jean Bouyer, Aline Chimènes, Rémy Slama
BACKGROUND: Assessing menstrual cycle function in the general population using a non-invasive method is challenging, both in non-industrialized and industrialized countries. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Observatory of Fecundity in France (Obseff) recruited on a nationwide basis a random sample of 943 women aged 18-44 years with unprotected intercourse. A sub-study was set up to assess the characteristics of a menstrual cycle by using a non-invasive method adapted to the general population...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248511/daily-fluctuations-of-progesterone-and-testosterone-are-associated-with-fibromyalgia-pain-severity
#18
Meredith Schertzinger, Kate Wesson-Sides, Luke Parkitny, Jarred Younger
The purpose of this longitudinal blood sampling study was to examine relationships between sex hormones and fibromyalgia pain. Eight women meeting case definition criteria for fibromyalgia provided venous blood samples and reported their fibromyalgia pain severity over 25 consecutive days. All women exhibited normal menstrual cycles and were not taking oral contraceptives. Cortisol, and the sex hormones estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone, were assayed from serum. A linear mixed model was used to determine if fluctuations of sex hormones were associated with changes in pain severity...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246819/discordance-between-self-reported-contraceptive-use-and-detection-of-exogenous-hormones-among-malawian-women-enrolling-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Anuli N Nwaohiri, Jennifer H Tang, Frank Stanczyk, Lameck Chinula, Stacey Hurst, Nicole L Davis, Gerald Tegha, Lisa Haddad, Athena P Kourtis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of concordance between self-reported contraceptive use and the presence of contraceptive progestins in serum. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated self-reported contraceptive use by using radioimmunoassay to examine baseline serum levels of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and levonorgestrel (LNG) among 97 Malawian women enrolling in a contraceptive trial. RESULTS: Twelve percent (12/97) of study participants who reported no hormonal contraceptive use in the previous 6months had either MPA or LNG detected in their serum...
December 13, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246659/bayesian-informed-evidence-against-modulation-of-androstadienone-effects-by-genotypic-receptor-variants-and-participant-sex-a-study-assessing-stroop-interference-control-mood-and-olfaction
#20
Jonas Hornung, Hannes Noack, Mara Thomas, Gisbert Farger, Vanessa Nieratschker, Jessica Freiherr, Birgit Derntl
The androgen derivative androstadienone (AND) is present in human sweat and may act as human chemosignal. Though effects of AND have been reported with respect to emotional and cognitive processes, results have been highly inconsistent. For this reason, it is likely that AND-action is dependent on modulatory factors. Here we wanted to specifically investigate the impact of genotypic variations of the AND-receptor OR7D4, as well as the influence of participant sex and concomitant hormonal fluctuations on AND-action during emotional interference processing, olfactory performance and mood assessments...
December 12, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
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