keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hormone contraception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332107/mechanisms-driving-gender-differences-in-asthma
#1
REVIEW
Hubaida Fuseini, Dawn C Newcomb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many phenotypes of asthma exist, ranging from mild asthma with onset during childhood to severe asthma with later onset, making asthma a broad disease with different pathologies. A gender disparity exists in asthma prevalence. As adults, women have an increased asthma prevalence compared to men. Further, women are more likely to have severe asthma and a later onset of asthma compared to men. Here, we review clinical and animal studies that have defined the role of sex hormones in airway inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, mucus production, and airway mechanics associated with asthma pathogenesis...
March 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331367/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-primary-health-care-nurses-and-midwives-in-breast-cancer-early-diagnosis-applications
#2
Aliye Bulut, Aziz Bulut
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to analyze the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of the nurses and midwives about the early diagnosis of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at 9 family medical centers (FMCs) and 1 community health center (CHC) in Bingol; the population of this research consisted of 25 midwives and 38 nurses. The protocol for this study was approved by the regional ethics committee of Bingol University...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329745/interleukin-6-and-hepcidin-levels-during-hormone-deplete-and-hormone-replete-phases-of-an-oral-contraceptive-cycle-a-pilot-study
#3
Marc Sim, Brian Dawson, Grant Landers, Dorine W Swinkels, Erwin Wiegerinck, Bu B Yeap, Debbie Trinder, Peter Peeling
BACKGROUND: In the past, elevated estradiol levels were reported to downregulate the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin, thereby potentially improving iron metabolism. As estrogen plays a role in regulating the menstrual cycle and can influence the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6; a hepcidin up-regulator), this investigation examined the effects of estradiol supplementation achieved by the use of a monophasic oral contraceptive pill (OCP) on IL-6, hepcidin levels and iron status during the hormone-deplete versus hormone-replete phases within an oral contraceptive cycle (OCC)...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329648/hormonal-and-reproductive-factors-and-incidence-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-population-based-cohort
#4
Catherine M Olsen, Nirmala Pandeya, Bridie S Thompson, Jean Claude Dusingize, Padmini Subramaniam, Christina M Nagle, Adele C Green, Rachel E Neale, Penny M Webb, David C Whitman
Estrogens have photosensitizing properties, but few prospective studies have examined the relationship between hormonal and reproductive factors and incidence of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in women. Previous findings have been inconsistent, particularly in relation to parity and use of oral contraceptives (OCs) and menopausal hormone therapy (MHT). Given the heterogeneity in the literature, we sought to examine the association between hormonal and reproductive factors and BCC risk in a cohort of women (n=23,879) enrolled in the QSkin Study in 2011...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328966/integration-of-family-planning-services-into-hiv-care-clinics-results-one-year-after-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-kenya
#5
Craig R Cohen, Daniel Grossman, Maricianah Onono, Cinthia Blat, Sara J Newmann, Rachel L Burger, Starley B Shade, Norah Bett, Elizabeth A Bukusi
OBJECTIVES: To determine if integration of family planning (FP) and HIV services led to increased use of more effective contraception (i.e. hormonal and permanent methods, and intrauterine devices) and decreased pregnancy rates. DESIGN: Cohort analysis following cluster randomized trial, when the Kenya Ministry of Health led integration of the remaining control (delayed integration) sites and oversaw integrated services at the original intervention (early integration) sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326899/prevalence-and-predictors-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-non-pharmacological-interventions-use-for-menopausal-symptoms-within-the-uk-collaborative-trial-of-ovarian-cancer-screening
#6
A Gentry-Maharaj, C Karpinskyj, C Glazer, M Burnell, K Bailey, S Apostolidou, A Ryan, A Lanceley, L Fraser, I Jacobs, M S Hunter, U Menon
OBJECTIVES: The negative publicity about menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) has led to increased use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) and non-pharmacological interventions (NPI) for menopausal symptom relief. We report on the prevalence and predictors of CAM/NPI among UK postmenopausal women. METHOD: Postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years were invited to participate in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). A total of 202 638 women were recruited and completed a baseline questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323981/ovarian-lipid-metabolism-modulates-circulating-lipids-in-premenopausal-women
#7
Jeffrey T Jensen, Ilana B Addis, Jon D Hennebold, Randy L Bogan
Context: The premenopausal circulating lipid profile may be linked to the hormonal profile and ovarian lipid metabolism. Objective: Assess how estradiol, progesterone, and ovarian lipid metabolism contribute to the premenopausal lipid profile. Also, evaluate the acute effects of a common hormonal oral contraceptive (OC) on circulating lipids. Design: Experimental crossover with repeated measures. Setting: Academic hospitals...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323519/improvement-of-low-sexual-desire-due-to-antiandrogenic-combined-oral-contraceptives-after-switching-to-an-oral-contraceptive-containing-17%C3%AE-estradiol
#8
Salvatore Caruso, Stefano Cianci, Maria Cariola, Valentina Fava, Salvatore Di Pasqua, Antonio Cianci
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing 17β-estradiol (E2) 1.5 mg and nomegestrol acetate 2.5 mg (NOMAC/E2) on the sexual health of women affected by low sexual desire due to COCs containing ethinylestradiol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three women (age range 19-32) participated in the study. Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), total testosterone (TT), and free androgen index (FAI) were measured. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS) questionnaires were used to assess sexual function and distress, respectively...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321344/pituitary-adenoma-and-hyperprolactinemia-accompanied-by-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis
#9
Sebahattin Destek, Vahit Onur Gul, Serkan Ahioglu, Kursat Rahmi Serin
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the breast, and its etiology remains not fully elucidated. IGM is observed more often in patients with autoimmune disease. Hyperprolactinemia is observed during pregnancy, lactation, and a history of oral contraceptive use. A 39-year-old patient with no history of oral contraceptive use presented with complaints such as redness, pain, and swelling in her left breast. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a suspicious inflamed mass lesion...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318310/comparison-of-maxim-and-sedia-limiting-antigen-assay-performance-for-measuring-hiv-incidence
#10
Katherine E Schlusser, Jacob Konikoff, Allison R Kirkpatrick, Charles Morrison, Tsungai Chipato, Pai-Lien Chen, Marshall Munjoma, Susan H Eshleman, Oliver Laeyendecker
Accurate methods for cross-sectional incidence estimation are needed for HIV prevention research. The Limiting Antigen Avidity (LAg-Avidity) assay has been marketed by two vendors, Maxim Biomedical and Sedia BioSciences Corporation. Performance differences between the two versions of the assay are unknown. We tested a total 1,410 treatment-naive samples with both versions of the assay. The samples came from 176 seroconverters from the Zimbabwe Hormonal Contraception and HIV Study. The correlation between the two versions of the assay was 0...
March 20, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315609/the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-device-potentiates-stress-reactivity
#11
Jurate Aleknaviciute, Joke H M Tulen, Yolanda B De Rijke, Christian G Bouwkamp, Mark van der Kroeg, Mirjam Timmermans, Vincent L Wester, Veerle Bergink, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Henning Tiemeier, Elisabeth F C van Rossum, Cornelis G Kooiman, Steven A Kushner
BACKGROUND: The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) is currently recommended as a first-line contraceptive with an exclusively local intrauterine influence. However, recent clinical trials have identified side effects of LNG-IUD that appear to be systemically mediated, including depressed mood and emotional lability. METHODS: We performed two experimental studies and a cross-sectional study. For each study, women were included from three groups: LNG-IUD (0...
February 28, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304008/contraception-in-women-with-diabetes
#12
Bharti Kalra, Sanjay Kalra
This brief article covers the diabetes related aspects of contraception in women. It classifies various methods of contraception and describes how presence of diabetes influences their use. The article lists the high risk conditions in diabetes which may discourage use of combined hormonal contraceptives. It discusses the relation of glycaemic control and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP), and calls for universal provision of contraceptive services to all women with diabetes.
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303703/assessment-of-dietary-choices-of-young-women-in-the-contexts-of-hormonal-contraceptives
#13
Mariola Friedrich, Magdalena Junak
Background: Metabolic changes caused by hormonal contraception combined with unbalanced diet may pose many threats, and deficiency or excess of nutrients may increase the risk of using such contraceptives. Objective: The purpose of the survey was to assess the dietary choices of young women using hormonal contraceptives, taking into account their general knowledge about the contraception and its impact on their bodies. Material and methods: The survey comprised 67 women aged from 18 to 25 years...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292621/serum-reproductive-hormone-levels-and-ultrasound-findings-in-female-offspring-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-first-results
#14
Florence Belva, Mathieu Roelants, Veerle Vloeberghs, Johan Schiettecatte, Jan Evenepoel, Maryse Bonduelle, Michel de Vos
OBJECTIVE: To compare reproductive hormone levels and antral follicle count in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)-conceived offspring and peers born after spontaneous conception. DESIGN: Single-center study of the reproductive health at the age of 18-22 years in the worldwide oldest cohort of female ICSI offspring. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A longitudinally followed cohort of singleton women (n = 71) conceived by means of ICSI because of male infertility and a cross-sectionally recruited group of spontaneously conceived women of the same age (n = 81)...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290105/economic-evaluations-of-thrombophilia-screening-prior-to-prescribing-combined-oral-contraceptives-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#15
REVIEW
Erin Vernon, Bridget Hiedemann, Bonnie H Bowie
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) increase the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), particularly among women with inherited clotting disorders. The World Health Organization classifies combined hormonal contraception as an "unacceptable health risk" for women with thrombogenic mutations but advises against universal thrombophilia screening before prescribing COCs given the low prevalence of thrombophilia and high screening costs. OBJECTIVE: Through the lens of lifetime costs and benefits, this paper systematically and critically reviews all published economic evaluations of thrombophilia screening prior to prescribing COCs...
March 13, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289899/role-of-bmi-and-hormone-therapy-in-melanoma-risk-a-case-control-study
#16
Vincenzo De Giorgi, Alessia Gori, Imma Savarese, Antonietta D'Errico, Federica Scarfì, Federica Papi, Vincenza Maio, Piero Covarelli, Daniela Massi, Sara Gandini
BACKGROUND: Currently, the association between body mass index (BMI) and hormone therapies and Cutaneous Melanoma (CM) development is strongly debated. This study was carried out to assess the association between BMI, hormone therapies, and CM risk. METHODS: The present study is a hospital-based case-control study with 605 consecutive CM patients and 592 controls treated for non-neoplastic conditions at the Department of Dermatology in Florence. The associations of melanoma risk with BMI and hormone therapies were assessed performing unconditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals, adjusting for potential confounders...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284586/do-bedsider-family-planning-mobile-text-message-and-e-mail-reminders-increase-kept-appointments-and-contraceptive-coverage
#17
Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Mary Bradsberry, Carrie Lewis, Fran Maguire
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Bedsider text message and e-mail reminders increase family planning contraceptive continuation and appointment rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We trained staff at three high-volume Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment (Family PACT) clinics to enroll women through a special portal to receive text message or e-mail reminders for contraceptive refills and clinic appointments. Women were matched by contraceptive method, time frame of index visit, age group, and language preference to Family PACT clients at comparison sites that did not use the Bedsider program...
March 9, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284221/uptake-of-hormonal-contraceptives-and-correlates-of-uptake-in-a-phase-iii-clinical-trial-in-rural-south-western-uganda
#18
Andrew Abaasa, Mitzy Gafos, Zacchaeus Anywaine, Andrew Nunn, Angela Crook, Jonathan Levin, Sheena McCormack, Anatoli Kamali
BACKGROUND: Use of a reliable contraception method has become an inclusion criterion in prevention trials to minimize time off product. We report on hormonal contraceptive prevalence, uptake, sustained use and correlates of use in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP 301) trial at the Masaka Centre in Uganda. METHODS: HIV negative women in sero-discordant relationships were enrolled and followed-up for 52 to 104 weeks from 2005 to 2009. Contraceptive use data was collected through self-report at baseline and dispensing records during follow-up...
March 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277799/missed-pills-frequency-reasons-consequences-and-solutions
#19
Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Christian Jamin, Iñaki Lete, Paloma Lobo, Rossella E Nappi, Axelle Pintiaux, Günther Häusler, Christian Fiala
OBJECTIVES: Oral hormonal contraception is an effective contraceptive method as long as regular daily intake is maintained. However, a daily routine is a constraint for many women and can lead to missed pills, pill discontinuation and/or unintended pregnancy. This article describes the frequency of inconsistent use, the consequences, the risk factors and the possible solutions. METHODS: The article comprises a narrative review of the literature. RESULTS: Forgetting one to three pills per cycle is a frequent problem among 15-51% of users, generally adolescents...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275459/carbohydrate-lipid-bone-and-inflammatory-markers-in-hiv-positive-adolescents-on-antiretroviral-therapy-and-hormonal-contraception
#20
EDITORIAL
Nadia Kancheva Landolt, Torsak Bunupuradah, Jullapong Achalapong, Pope Kosalaraksa, Witaya Petdachai, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, Narukjaporn Thammajaruk, Stephen Kerr, Jintanat Ananworanich
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the cumulative effect of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) and hormonal contraception (HC) on metabolism and inflammation in HIV-positive women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional assessment of markers for carbohydrate, lipid, bone metabolism, inflammation and coagulation in HIV-positive adolescents on ART and HC (n=37) versus on ART only (n=51) in Thailand. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to assess differences between groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
keyword
keyword
76440
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"