keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infectious psychiatric

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128324/overlooked-fatal-infectious-diseases-after-long-term-antipsychotic-use-in-patients-with-psychiatric-illness
#1
Liliang Li, Xing Ye, Ziqin Zhao, Pan Gao, Yan Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115723/patterns-of-paediatric-emergency-presentations-to-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-the-northern-territory
#2
Davina Buntsma, Anna Lithgow, Evan O'Neill, Didier Palmer, Peter Morris, Jason Acworth, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: To describe epidemiological data concerning paediatric attendances at the ED of Royal Darwin Hospital (RDH). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of paediatric emergency presentations to the RDH ED during 2004 and 2013. Epidemiological data, including demographics, admission rates and diagnostic grouping, were analysed using descriptive and comparative statistical methods. We compared data with findings from a baseline epidemiological study by the Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT) conducted in 2004...
November 8, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115073/assessment-of-competence-in-emergency-medicine-among-healthcare-professionals-in-cameroon
#3
Sang Chul Kim, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Dae Han Wi, Joongsik Jeong, Ju Ok Park, Kyong Min Sun, Kwangsoo Bae
Development of a competence-based curriculum is important. This study aimed to develop competence assessment tools in emergency medicine and use it to assess competence of Cameroonian healthcare professionals. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Through literature review, expert survey, and discrimination tests, we developed a self-survey questionnaire and a scenario-based competence assessment tool for assessing clinical knowledge and self-confidence to perform clinical practices or procedures. The self-survey consisted of 23 domains and 94 questionnaires on a 5-point Likert scale...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102489/cause-specific-mortality-in-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis
#4
Jacob P Thyssen, Lone Skov, Alexander Egeberg
BACKGROUND: Adult atopic dermatitis (AD) has been associated with several co-morbidities, but cause-specific mortality risk is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To examine cause-specific death rates and risk in adults with AD. METHODS: We performed cross-linkage of nationwide health care and cause of death registers. Adult patients with AD were matched with 10 controls per study subject. We calculated incidence rates per 1,000 person-years and hazard ratios (HRs) of cause-specific death with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) using Cox proportional hazards models...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099544/catatonia-update
#5
Kanwarjeet Brar, Sachin S Kaushik, Steven Lippmann
Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric condition characterized by physical presentations ranging from profound immobility to excessive motor activity. Emotional aspects of catatonia vary clinically between psychomotor retardation and extreme excitability. In the past, catatonia was considered to be a variant of schizophrenia. However, the disorder actually occurs as a clinical expression of many different psychiatric, neurologic, or medical diagnoses. A prompt diagnostic evaluation should identify any underlying diseases with consideration of somatic pathologies, especially those affecting central nervous system function...
October 26, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084290/exploring-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-of-prisoners-in-the-canton-of-vaud-switzerland
#6
Karine Moschetti, VĂ©ra Zabrodina, Pierre Stadelmann, Tenzin Wangmo, Alberto Holly, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Bernice S Elger, Bruno Gravier
Prison healthcare is an important public health concern given the increasing healthcare needs of a growing and aging prison population, which accumulates vulnerability factors and suffers from higher disease prevalence than the general population. This study identifies the key factors associated with outpatient general practitioner (GP), nursing or psychiatric healthcare utilization (HCU) within prisons. Cross-sectional data systematically collected by the prison medical staff were obtained for a sample of 1664 adult prisoners of the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland, for the year 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083100/mefloquine-for-preventing-malaria-during-travel-to-endemic-areas
#7
REVIEW
Maya Tickell-Painter, Nicola Maayan, Rachel Saunders, Cheryl Pace, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Mefloquine is one of four antimalarial agents commonly recommended for preventing malaria in travellers to malaria-endemic areas. Despite its high efficacy, there is controversy about its psychological side effects. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the efficacy and safety of mefloquine used as prophylaxis for malaria in travellers. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), published on the Cochrane Library; MEDLINE; Embase (OVID); TOXLINE (https://toxnet...
October 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068607/relationship-between-toxoplasmosis-and-schizophrenia-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Aleksander J Fuglewicz, Patryk Piotrowski, Anna Stodolak
A growing body of evidence suggests a correlation between schizophrenia and exposure to infectious agents. The majority of studied cases concerns the infection caused by T. gondii, an obligatory intracellular parasite that infects about 1/3 of the entire human population, according to the available data. The acute stage of the disease, predominantly short-lived and transient, transforms into the latent and chronic phase in which the parasite localizes within tissue cysts, mainly in the central nervous system...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065368/bbox1-is-down-regulated-in-maternal-immune-activated-mice-and-implicated-in-genetic-susceptibility-to-human-schizophrenia
#9
Hwayoung Lee, Hyung-Ki Kim, Jun-Tack Kwon, Shohyun Park, Hae Jeong Park, Su Kang Kim, Jin Kyung Park, Won Sub Kang, Young Jong Kim, Joo-Ho Chung, Jong Woo Kim, Hak-Jae Kim
Prenatal exposure to infectious or inflammatory insults can increase the risk of developing neuropsychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder, autism, and schizophrenia in later life. Gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase (BBOX 1) is an enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of l-carnitine, a key molecule in fatty acid metabolism. This cytosolic dimeric protein belongs to the dioxygenase family. In this study, we investigated whether BBOX 1 expression was related to psychiatric disorder in an animal model. We also conducted a case-control study using 284 schizophrenia patients and 409 controls with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 5'-near region of BBOX 1...
October 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961664/cns-drug-development-lessons-learned-part-3-psychiatric-and-central-nervous-system-drugs-developed-over-the-last-decade-implications-for-the-field
#10
Sheldon H Preskorn
This column reviews the divergence between the approach to drug development in infectious disease, oncology, and immunology versus psychiatry. Between 2009 and 2016, 254 new drugs were approved. Of those, only 9 were for a psychiatric indication; another 5 were labeled to treat central nervous system disorders that are not considered psychiatric per se but are frequently found in individuals with psychiatric illnesses (eg, substantial weight gain). There were 2 additional new products for psychiatric indications that involved either a combination product (Contrave) or a prodrug for the production of aripiprazole (Aristada)...
September 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912822/a-rare-case-of-cavitary-lesion-of-the-lung-caused-by-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#11
Muhammad Kashif, Rizwan Ahmed Dudekula, Misbahuddin Khaja
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an atypical bacterium that most commonly causes upper respiratory tract infections, but it can also cause pneumonia, referred to as "walking pneumonia." Although cavitary lesions are present in a wide variety of infectious and noninfectious processes, those attributable to M. pneumoniae are extremely uncommon; thus, to date, epidemiological studies are lacking. Here, we present a rare case of a 20-year-old male, referred to us from a psychiatric facility for evaluation of a cough, who was found to have a cavitary lesion in the right upper lobe...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899580/the-interplay-between-cytokines-and-the-kynurenine-pathway-in-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis
#12
Roland Baumgartner, Maria J Forteza, Daniel F J Ketelhuth
The kynurenine pathway (KP) is the major metabolic route of tryptophan (Trp) metabolism. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1), the enzyme responsible for the first and rate-limiting step in the pathway, as well as other enzymes in the pathway, have been shown to be highly regulated by cytokines. Hence, the KP has been implicated in several pathologic conditions, including infectious diseases, psychiatric disorders, malignancies, and autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. Additionally, recent studies have linked the KP with atherosclerosis, suggesting that Trp metabolism could play an essential role in the maintenance of immune homeostasis in the vascular wall...
September 9, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852251/cyclical-vomiting-syndrome-psychiatrist-s-view-point
#13
D Vijaya Raghavan, V Vimal Doshi, Shanthi Nambi
Cyclical vomiting syndrome (CVS) is an idiopathic functional disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting separated by symptom-free intervals. Even though initially described in children, it is seen in all age groups. Exact etiology is not known. Various physical, infectious, and psychosocial stressors have been implicated for CVS. High incidence of psychiatric comorbidities such as panic attacks, anxiety disorder, and depression is seen in CVS. Most children outgrow CVS with time though some may transition to migraine or continue to have CVS as adults...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826513/slicing-the-cortex-to-study-mental-illness-alois-alzheimer-s-pictures-of-equivalence
#14
Lara Keuck
Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915) was a German physician who specialized in psychiatry, and who is today known for the first description of a-in his own words-peculiar ailment (eigenartige Erkrankung), which was named after him. In his time, however, he was foremost recognized for his work in refining histopathological techniques and thereby contributing to the methodological arsenal for differential diagnosis in clinical psychiatry. In his laboratory that was based at the renowned Munich Psychiatric University Clinic led by Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), Alzheimer, his assistants, and students conserved, prepared, and studied slices of deceased patients' brains under the microscope...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722481/clinical-management-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-part-i-psychiatric-and-behavioral-interventions
#15
Margo Thienemann, Tanya Murphy, James Leckman, Richard Shaw, Kyle Williams, Cynthia Kapphahn, Jennifer Frankovich, Daniel Geller, Gail Bernstein, Kiki Chang, Josephine Elia, Susan Swedo
OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the consensus guidelines for symptomatic treatment for children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Syndrome Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS). METHODS: Extant literature on behavioral, psychotherapeutic, and psychopharmacologic treatments for PANS and PANDAS was reviewed. Members of the PANS Research Consortium pooled their clinical experiences to find agreement on treatment of PANS and PANDAS symptoms...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701428/a-mercury-toxicity-case-complicated-by-hyponatremia-and-abnormal-endocrinological-test-results
#16
Matthew Carter, Abdul Abdi, Fareeha Naz, Farouq Thabet, Arpita Vyas
Mercury (Hg) poisoning is considered a rare disease by the National Institutes of Health and the diagnosis can present great challenges to clinicians. Children who are exposed to Hg can present with a wide variety of symptoms, including acrodynia, tremor, excessive salivation, and psychiatric symptoms, including insomnia. However, endocrinologic manifestations from Hg exposure are less well known. This is a case report of a 12-year-old boy who presented with body rash, irritability, insomnia, and profuse sweating after returning from a summer camp...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689852/development-of-an-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-opioid-use-disorder-study-protocol-and-methods
#17
R Kathryn McHugh, Victoria R Votaw, David H Barlow, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Shelly F Greenfield, Roger D Weiss
Opioid use disorder is a highly disabling psychiatric disorder, and is associated with both significant functional disruption and risk for negative health outcomes such as infectious disease and fatal overdose. Even among those who receive evidence-based pharmacotherapy for opioid use disorder, many drop out of treatment or relapse, highlighting the importance of novel treatment strategies for this population. Over 60% of those with opioid use disorder also meet diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder; however, efficacious treatments for this common co-occurrence have not be established...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686985/somatic-health-care-utilization-by-patients-treated-for-substance-use-disorders
#18
Gerdien H de Weert-van Oene, Fabian Termorshuizen, Victor J A Buwalda, Eibert R Heerdink
INTRODUCTION: Patients with substance use disorder (SUD) are frequently suffering from co-occurring somatic disorders, increasing the risk of mortality. Somatic health care utilization (sHCU) often remains unknown to the physician during SUD treatment. This paper analyses sHCU and associated costs among patients in SUD treatment compared to matched, non-substance dependent controls. METHODS: Health care utilization data on 4972 SUD patients were matched to 19,846 controls by gender, birth year and ethnic origin...
June 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676359/office-evaluation-of-pelvic-pain
#19
REVIEW
Stacey Bennis, Sarah Hwang
The history and physical examination are important keys to diagnosis and treatment of patients with chronic pelvic pain. The comprehensive history should include questioning regarding patient's pain complaint and a thorough history and review of any body system that may be involved, including neuromusculoskeletal, obstetric, gynecologic, gastrointestinal, urologic, dermatologic, infectious, oncologic, and psychiatric. The physical examination should also follow a focused systems-based approach and includes examination of gastrointestinal, dermatologic, neurologic, and musculoskeletal (including lumbosacral spine, sacroiliac joints, pelvis, and hips) systems, and the pelvic floor (internal and external examination, including neuromuscular anatomy)...
August 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674760/medical-comorbidities-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorders-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Jet B Muskens, Fleur P Velders, Wouter G Staal
Somatic disorders occur more often in adult psychiatric patients than in the general adult population. However, in child and adolescent psychiatry this association is unclear, mainly due to a lack of integration of existing data. To address this issue, we here present a systematic review on medical comorbidity in the two major developmental disorders autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and formulate clinical recommendations. The literature was searched using the PubMed and PsycINFO databases (2000-1 May 2016) with the keywords "[((child and adolescent) AND (Autism OR Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder* OR ADHD)) AND ("Cardiovascular Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Endocrine System Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Immune System Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Neurobehavioral Manifestations" [Mesh] OR "Gastrointestinal Disorders" [Mesh] OR Somatic OR Autoimmune disease OR Nervous system disease OR Infection OR Infectious disease)]...
September 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
76437
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"