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Trace minerals medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436326/evaluation-and-characterization-of-nutritive-properties-of-the-jelly-ear-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-judae-agaricomycetes-from-nigeria
#1
Reginald Chibueze Ohiri, Essien Eka Bassey
This study investigated the nutritive properties of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Auricularia auricula- judae. From the analysis, among the major minerals, potassium was found in the highest concentration, with a value of 172.03 ± 8.62 mg/kg, whereas manganese had the highest concentration among trace elements, with a value of 1.66 ± 0.11 mg/kg. Glutamic acid was the amino acid detected in the largest amounts in this study, with a value of 10.09 ± 1.86 mg/kg. Although glutamine and asparagine were not detected in this mushroom, cysteine and methionine had the lowest concentrations, with values of 0...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#2
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153266/optimization-of-high-resolution-continuum-source-graphite-furnace-atomic-absorption-spectrometry-for-direct-analysis-of-selected-trace-elements-in-whole-blood-samples
#3
Magdalena Wójciak-Kosior, Wojciech Szwerc, Maciej Strzemski, Zoltan Wichłacz, Jan Sawicki, Ryszard Kocjan, Michał Latalski, Ireneusz Sowa
Trace analysis plays an important role in medicine for diagnosis of various disorders; however, the appropriate sample preparation is required mostly including mineralization. Although graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF AAS) allows the investigation of biological samples such as blood, serum, and plasma without this step, it is rarely used for direct analysis because the residues of the rich organic matrix inside the furnace are difficult to remove and this may cause spectral/matrix interferences and decrease the lifetime of the graphite tube...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121272/multivariate-characterization-of-elements-accumulated-in-wolfiporia-extensa-mushroom-from-yunnan-province-of-china
#4
Jing Sun, Ji Zhang, Yuanzhong Wang
Dried sclerotia of Wolfiporia extensa have been used as medicine in Asia from Eastern Han Dynasty, and also used as traditional snack called "fulingjiabing" in Beijing, China. In this paper, 18 macro and trace elements (Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Ni, Pb, Rb, Se, Sr, V, and Zn) in both flesh and peel of Wolfiporia extensa from seven sites of Yunnan province in China were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. The average recovery rates of certified reference materials for GBW10015 (spinach leaves) ranged from 90...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558578/minerals-and-trace-elements-in-human-breast-milk-are-associated-with-guatemalan-infant-anthropometric-outcomes-within-the-first-6-months
#5
Chen Li, Noel W Solomons, Marilyn E Scott, Kristine G Koski
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is the recommended source of nutrients for infant growth, but its adequacy to meet infants' mineral and trace element needs is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We used breast-milk mineral and trace element concentrations of Guatemalan mothers at 3 lactation stages to estimate total daily intakes and to determine whether intakes were associated with early infant growth. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, breast-milk samples were collected from Mam-Mayan mothers during transitional (5-17 d, n = 56), early (18-46 d, n = 75), and established (4-6 mo, n = 103) lactation; z scores for weight (WAZ), length (LAZ), and head circumference (HCAZ) were measured...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510584/determination-and-pharmacokinetic-properties-of-arsenic-speciation-in-xiao-er-zhi-bao-wan-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#6
Xu Han, Jiaoyang Luo, Wenju Zhou, Shihai Yang, Meihua Yang
A method of high performance liquid chromatography with a Hamilton PRP-X100 ion-exchange column (250 × 4.1 mm id, 10 μm) coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was employed to generate a full concentration-time profile of arsenic speciation after oral administration. The results exhibited good linearity and revealed that, in the pills, the average arsenic concentration was 10105.4 ± 380.7 mg/kg, and in the water extraction solution, the inorganic As(III) and As(V) concentrations were 220...
October 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478495/phytochemicals-and-potential-health-effects-of-sambucus-williamsii-hance-jiegumu
#7
REVIEW
Hui-Hui Xiao, Yan Zhang, Raymond Cooper, Xin-Sheng Yao, Man-Sau Wong
Sambucus williamsii Hance (Jiegumu) is traditionally used in Chinese medicine to treat bone and joint diseases. The major phytochemicals in S. williamsii are lignans, terpenoids, and phenolic acids, together with trace amounts of essential oils, minerals, amino acids, and natural pigments. In this review, a database search for studies published from 1990 to November 2015 was conducted using PubMed, the China Academic Journals Full-Text Database, and Google Scholar with the keywords "Sambucus williamsii Hance", "Sambucus williamsii", "Sambucus williamsii + clinic", "Sambucus williamsii + biology", "Sambucus williamsii + chemicals", and "Jiegumu", which covered chemical studies, cell culture studies, animal experiments, and clinical studies...
2016: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050404/lipids-and-bariatric-procedures-part-2-of-2-scientific-statement-from-the-american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-asmbs-the-national-lipid-association-nla-and-obesity-medicine-association-oma
#8
REVIEW
Harold Bays, Shanu N Kothari, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton, Ninh T Nguyen, Peter H Jones, Terry A Jacobson, David E Cohen, Carl Orringer, Eric C Westman, Deborah B Horn, Wendy Scinta, Craig Primack
Bariatric procedures generally improve dyslipidemia, sometimes substantially so. Bariatric procedures also improve other major cardiovascular risk factors. This 2-part Scientific Statement examines the lipid effects of bariatric procedures and reflects contributions from authors representing the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), the National Lipid Association (NLA), and the Obesity Medicine Association (OMA). Part 1 was published in the Journal of Clinical Lipidology, and reviewed the impact of bariatric procedures upon adipose tissue endocrine and immune factors, adipose tissue lipid metabolism, as well as the lipid effects of bariatric procedures relative to bile acids and intestinal microbiota...
March 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892120/lipids-and-bariatric-procedures-part-1-of-2-scientific-statement-from-the-national-lipid-association-american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-and-obesity-medicine-association-full-report
#9
Harold E Bays, Peter H Jones, Terry A Jacobson, David E Cohen, Carl E Orringer, Shanu Kothari, Dan E Azagury, John Morton, Ninh T Nguyen, Eric C Westman, Deborah B Horn, Wendy Scinta, Craig Primack
Bariatric procedures often improve lipid levels in patients with obesity. This 2 part scientific statement examines the potential lipid benefits of bariatric procedures and represents the contributions from authors representing the National Lipid Association, American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, and the Obesity Medicine Association. The foundation for this scientific statement was based on published data through June 2015. Part 1 of this 2 part scientific statement provides an overview of: (1) adipose tissue, cholesterol metabolism, and lipids; (2) bariatric procedures, cholesterol metabolism, and lipids; (3) endocrine factors relevant to lipid influx, synthesis, metabolism, and efflux; (4) immune factors relevant to lipid influx, synthesis, metabolism, and efflux; (5) bariatric procedures, bile acid metabolism, and lipids; and (6) bariatric procedures, intestinal microbiota, and lipids, with specific emphasis on how the alterations in the microbiome by bariatric procedures influence obesity, bile acids, and inflammation, which in turn, may all affect lipid levels...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892119/lipids-and-bariatric-procedures-part-1-of-2-scientific-statement-from-the-national-lipid-association-american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-and-obesity-medicine-association-executive-summary
#10
Harold E Bays, Peter H Jones, Terry A Jacobson, David E Cohen, Carl E Orringer, Shanu Kothari, Dan E Azagury, John Morton, Ninh T Nguyen, Eric C Westman, Deborah B Horn, Wendy Scinta, Craig Primack
Bariatric procedures often improve lipid levels in patients with obesity. This 2-part scientific statement examines the potential lipid benefits of bariatric procedures and represents contributions from authors representing the National Lipid Association, American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, and the Obesity Medicine Association. The foundation for this scientific statement was based on data published through June 2015. Part 1 of this 2-part scientific statement provides an overview of: (1) adipose tissue, cholesterol metabolism, and lipids; (2) bariatric procedures, cholesterol metabolism, and lipids; (3) endocrine factors relevant to lipid influx, synthesis, metabolism, and efflux; (4) immune factors relevant to lipid influx, synthesis, metabolism, and efflux; (5) bariatric procedures, bile acid metabolism, and lipids; and (6) bariatric procedures, intestinal microbiota, and lipids, with specific emphasis on how the alterations in the microbiome by bariatric procedures influence obesity, bile acids, and inflammation, which in turn, may all affect lipid levels...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26870687/preparation-and-chemical-characteristics-of-karunguruvai-khadi-used-in-the-traditional-siddha-formulation-of-herbo-mineral-based-medicine
#11
Eleza Chellakkan, Chandrasekar Nainarpandian, Finney Blessed, Victor Rajamanickam Gnanamanickam
INTRODUCTION: Khadi is an extract that has been used in the preparation of Pooneeru (muppu) in Siddha medicine, but it has not been scientifically evaluated for modern medicinal purposes. The present study examines the preparation and chemical composition of Khadi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to the method of the palm leaf literature, Karunguruvai and Samba paddy grains were selected for the preparation of Khadi. After removing the husk of the paddies, the cleaned Karunguruvai and Samba rice were processed according to the methods of Swami and Ramasamy Khon...
January 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255390/medicinal-use-of-earths-and-minerals-from-hippocrates-to-sir-hans-sloane-and-beyond
#12
Spyros Retsas
In 1931 two pharmaceutical drawers containing mineral specimens, belonging to Sir Hans Sloane, the 18th century collector, Royal Physician, President of the Royal Society and of the Royal College of Physicians of London, were found in the Department of Botany of the Natural History Museum (NHM) of London. The drawers, each divided into 49 compartments, contained a total of 107 mineral pharmaceutical specimens, some labelled as mercury or white arsenic. Their registration, identification with the Sloane Manuscript Catalogues and subsequent transfer to the Mineralogy department of the NHM where one of these drawers is now on public display, had been documented by 1935...
December 2012: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26186292/hyphenated-analytical-methods-in-determination-of-biologically-active-compounds-in-hen-s-eggs
#13
REVIEW
Justyna Walczak, Szymon Bocian, Tadeusz Trziszka, Bogusław Buszewski
Hen's egg is a complete material needed for the development of the embryo; it is an important source of nutraceutical compounds, such as protein, fats, vitamins, trace metals, and minerals. Moreover, avian egg contains biologically active compounds that exhibit antibacterial and antimicrobial activities as well as antitumor, antiviral, antioxidant, immunomodulating, and therapeutic properties. Eggs are mostly very good sources of valuable, easily digestible proteins. This review focuses on the biologically active compounds from hen's egg and applications of these compounds in medicine and the pharmaceutical industry...
May 3, 2016: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26142511/proximate-and-elemental-analysis-of-five-selected-medicinal-plants-of-family-solanaceae
#14
Ishfaq Hameed, Farrukh Hussain
The proximate analysis revealed the presence of ash, moisture, protein, fiber, fats and carbohydrate. ANOVA showed that ash and moisture contents was non significant between the plant parts and phenological stages. Crude protein was non significant between the plant parts and phenological stages except for Datura innoxia parts but not for its phenolgical stages, while crude fats were non significant between the plant parts and phenological stages except for Solanum nigrum and Solanum surattense parts but not for their phenolgical stages...
July 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26031031/chemical-and-phytochemical-compositions-of-voandzeia-subterranea-seeds
#15
Andzouana Marcel, Mombouli Jean Bienvenu, Attibayeba
The seeds of Voandzeia subterranean (L.) Thouars (Fabaceae), from Congo-Brazzaville were studied for proximate, qualitative and quantitative compositions. Phytochemical screening of various solvent extracts showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, steroids, triterpenoids, phenols, anthocyanins and carotenoids. Tannins and anthraquinones were not found. Quantitative analysis showed a high amount of alkaloids (34.40 ±0.2%), flavonoids (4.93 ± 0.17%), saponins (2.20 ± 0.11%) and anthocyanins (1...
September 2014: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25885673/utilization-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-children-from-a-german-birth-cohort-giniplus-patterns-costs-and-trends-of-use
#16
Salvatore Italia, Helmut Brand, Joachim Heinrich, Dietrich Berdel, Andrea von Berg, Silke Britta Wolfenstetter
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread among children in Germany and other European countries. Only a few studies are available on trends in pediatric CAM use over time. The study's objective was to present updated results for prevalence, predictors, and costs of CAM use among German children and a comparison with findings from a previous follow-up of the same birth cohort. METHODS: Data were collected for 3013 children on their utilization of medicinal products (during the last 4 weeks) and consultation with CAM providers (in the preceding year) from a German birth cohort study (GINIplus, 15-year follow-up) using a self-administered questionnaire...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25834834/safety-evaluation-of-local-weight-gain-formulas-in-the-saudi-arabian-markets
#17
Nora Abdullah ALFaris, Riyadh Mohammed Al Ashban, Mouna Al Ojayan
BACKGROUND: The utilization of herbal formulas is continuously increasing on the global level. However, assessment of contamination and impurities is the leading challenge in the use of herbal medicines. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of therapeutic application in relation to herbal formulas usage for reducing weight is the objective for this investigation. RESULTS: Reduced dietary fibers and fats are common outcomes of herbal usage. 9.8% of the mixtures were contaminated because of lead...
2015: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25783925/utilization-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-children-from-a-german-birth-cohort-giniplus-patterns-costs-and-trends-of-use
#18
Salvatore Italia, Helmut Brand, Joachim Heinrich, Dietrich Berdel, Andrea von Berg, Silke Britta Wolfenstetter
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread among children in Germany and other European countries. Only a few studies are available on trends in pediatric CAM use over time. The study's objective was to present updated results for prevalence, predictors, and costs of CAM use among German children and a comparison with findings from a previous follow-up of the same birth cohort. METHODS: Data were collected for 3013 children on their utilization of medicinal products (during the last 4 weeks) and consultation with CAM providers (in the preceding year) from a German birth cohort study (GINIplus, 15-year follow-up) using a self-administered questionnaire...
December 2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25757567/removal-of-sost-or-blocking-its-product-sclerostin-rescues-defects-in-the-periodontitis-mouse-model
#19
Yinshi Ren, Xianglong Han, Sunita P Ho, Stephen E Harris, Zhengguo Cao, Aris N Economides, Chunlin Qin, Huazhu Ke, Min Liu, Jian Q Feng
Understanding periodontal ligament (PDL) biology and developing an effective treatment for bone and PDL damage due to periodontitis have been long-standing aims in dental medicine. Here, we first demonstrated by cell lineage tracing and mineral double-labeling approaches that murine PDL progenitor cells display a 2- and 3-fold higher mineral deposition rate than the periosteum and endosteum at the age of 4 weeks, respectively. We next proved that the pathologic changes in osteocytes (Ocys; changes from a spindle shape to round shape with a >50% reduction in the dendrite number/length, and an increase in SOST) are the key pathologic factors responsible for bone and PDL damage in periostin-null mice (a periodontitis animal model) using a newly developed 3-dimensional FITC-Imaris technique...
July 2015: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25421148/assessment-of-mineral-elements-and-heavy-metals-in-leaves-of-indigenous-cypress-of-high-atlas-mountains
#20
M Y Arjouni, M A Bennouna, M A El Alaoui El Fels, A Romane
An inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was developed to determine 20 mineral elements and heavy metals in leaves of Cupressus atlantica Gaussen, a traditional Moroccan medicinal herb from five environmentally different sites in N'Fis valley (High Atlas Mountains). The results showed in the leaves that Ca, K, P, Mg, Na and Fe were the most abundant of the elements in all samples of the studied locality. The concentrations of trace metals from the leaves of this plant were in the order Ca>K > P > Mg>Na>Fe...
2015: Natural Product Research
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