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Trace minerals

Nicolas Rouleau, Lukasz M Karbowski, Michael A Persinger
Synthetic experimental substrates are indispensable tools which can allow researchers to model biological processes non-invasively in three-dimensional space. In this study, we investigated the capacities of an electroconductive material whose properties converge upon those of the brain. An electrically conductive material composed of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, ions, water, and trace amounts of other organic compounds and minerals was classically conditioned as inferred by electrophysiological measurements...
2016: PloS One
Anatoly V Skalny, Elena V Zhukovskaya, Galina N Kireeva, Margarita G Skalnaya, Andrey R Grabeklis, Ivan V Radysh, Rosa A Shakieva, Alexandr A Nikonorov, Alexey A Tinkov
The primary aim of the study is assessment of hair and whole blood trace element and mineral levels in children living in a polluted area near a copper smelter (Karabash) and two control locations (Varna, Tomino) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The obtained data indicates that both blood and hair As, Pb, and Fe levels in children living in Karabash significantly exceeded the control values. Whole blood levels of copper in children living in Varna exceeded that in Tomino (p = 0.155) and Karabash (p < 0...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Somayeh Atari-Hajipirloo, Neda Valizadeh, Mohammad-Hassan Khadem-Ansari, Yousef Rasmi, Fatemeh Kheradmand
BACKGROUND: The altered levels of some essential trace elements and antioxidant minerals have been observed in diabetic patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the concentrations of essential trace elements, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and iron (Fe) in the serum of patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with those of their non-diabetic first-degree relatives (FDR) and control subjects. The association between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and levels of metals was also evaluated...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Noah Edward Jemison, Thomas M Johnson, Alyssa Shiel, Craig Lundstrom
Uranium groundwater contamination due to U mining and processing affects numerous sites globally. Bioreduction of soluble, mobile U(VI) to U(IV)-bearing solids is potentially a very effective remediation strategy. Uranium isotopes (238U/235U) have been utilized to track the progress of microbial reduction, with laboratory and field studies finding a ~1‰ isotopic fractionation, with the U(IV) product enriched in 238U. However, the isotopic fractionation produced by adsorption may complicate the use of 238U/235U to trace microbial reduction...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Brajesh K Yadav, Shanker K Singh, Udayraj P Nakade, Vivek K Singh, Abhishek Sharma, Mukesh Srivastava, Brijesh Yadav, Yajuvendra Singh, Rajneesh Sirohi, Satish K Garg
Twelve apparently healthy multiparous parturient Sahiwal cows were allocated into two groups having six cows in each one. Six cows were supplemented with antioxidant mixture (mixture containing Cu, Mn, Cr, Zn, and vitamins A and D3) daily from 21 days before parturition till the day relative to calving. Whereas, remaining non-supplemented six cows were kept as the control group. Blood samples were obtained five times: at enrolment (21 days pre-partum), and again at days 0, +7, +14, and +21 relative to calving...
October 17, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
J S Osorio, F Batistel, E F Garrett, M M Elhanafy, M R Tariq, M T Socha, J J Loor
Supplying trace minerals in more bioavailable forms such as amino acid complexes (AAC) could help ameliorate the incidence of hoof disorders in peripartal dairy cows. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementing metal AAC during the peripartal period on expression of 28 genes in corium tissue related to claw composition, oxidative stress, inflammation, chemotaxis, and transcriptional regulation. Forty-four multiparous Holstein cows received a common diet from -30 to 30 d relative to parturition and were assigned to receive an oral bolus containing either inorganic trace minerals (INO) or AAC (i...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Yun-Feng Duan, Xian-Wang Kong, Andreas Schramm, Rodrigo Labouriau, Jørgen Eriksen, Søren O Petersen
: Grassland cultivation can mobilize large pools of N in the soil, with a potential for N leaching and N2O emissions. Spraying with the nitrification inhibitor 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP) before cultivation was simulated with soil columns where residue distribution corresponded to ploughing or rotovation, to study effects of soil-residue contact on N transformations. DMPP was sprayed on above-ground parts of ryegrass and white clover before incorporation. During a 42-day incubation, soil mineral N dynamics, potential ammonia oxidation (PAO) and denitrifying enzyme activity (DEA), nitrifier and denitrifier populations, and N2O emissions were investigated...
October 14, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Regina M B O Duarte, João T V Matos, Andreia S Paula, Sónia P Lopes, Sara Ribeiro, José Francisco Santos, Carla Patinha, Eduardo Ferreira da Silva, Rosário Soares, Armando C Duarte
In the framework of two national research projects (ORGANOSOL and CN-linkAIR), fine particulate matter (PM2.5) was sampled for 17 months at an urban location in the Western European Coast. The PM2.5 samples were analyzed for organic carbon (OC), water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC), elemental carbon (EC), major water-soluble inorganic ions, mineralogical, and for the first time in this region, strontium isotope ((87)Sr/(86)Sr) composition. Organic matter dominates the identifiable urban PM2.5 mass, followed by secondary inorganic aerosols...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zahide Yalaki, Selda Ozmen, Medine Aysin Tasar, Yildiz Dallar
Breast feeding is the first and most important step of a healthy diet. Breast milk contains important vitamins and trace elements such as iron, zinc, copper, and vitamin A. The aim of our study was to evaluate the levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, serum iron, iron binding capacity, ferritin, serum zinc, copper and vitamin A in three groups of infants, which were determined based on feeding practices. The infants in all groups were not given prophylactic iron in the first 6 mo. Two hundred fifty-nine infants were included in the study...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Murray B McBride, Meredith Frenchmeyer, Sabrina E Kelch, Ludmilla Aristilde
Calcium-oxalates (Ca-Ox), which are widely produced by microorganisms and plants, are ubiquitous and persistent biominerals in the biosphere. We investigated the potential trapping of two phytotoxic metals, cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) by isomorphous substitution into the crystalline structure of Ca-Ox precipitated over a wide range of Cd(2+)/Ca(2+) or Zn(2+)/Ca(2+) ratio in solution. We employed atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and optical microscopy to evaluate our hypotheses that favorable solid-solution conditions and structural framework of crystal habits promote selective metal trapping within Ca-Ox precipitates...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ying Lan, Andrew S Elwood Madden, Elizabeth C Butler
Trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (PCE) are common ground water contaminants susceptible to reductive dechlorination by FeS (mackinawite) in anaerobic environments. The objective of this study was to characterize the mineral-associated products that form when mackinawite reacts with TCE and PCE. The dissolved products of the reaction included Cl(-) and Fe(2+), and trace amounts of cis 1,2-dichloroethylene (for TCE) and TCE (for PCE). Selected area electron diffraction (SAED) analysis identified greigite as a mackinawite oxidation product formed after reaction between TCE or PCE and FeS over seven weeks...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
C Hurel, M Taneez, A Volpi Ghirardini, G Libralato
Bauxite extraction by-products (red mud) were used to evaluate their potential ability to stabilize trace elements from dredged and aerated/humidified marine sediment. The investigated by-products were: bauxaline(®)(BX) that is a press-filtered red mud; bauxsol™(BS) that is a press-filtered red mud previously washed with excess of seawater, and gypsum neutralized bauxaline(®) (GBX). These materials were separately mixed to dredged composted sediment sample considering 5% and 20% sediment: stabilizer ratios...
October 1, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Valerie J Alstadt, James David Kubicki, Miriam Arak Freedman
Mineral dust is prevalent in the atmosphere due to emissions from natural and anthropogenic sources. As mineral dust particles undergo long distance transport, they are exposed to trace gases and water vapor. We have characterized the interactions of acetic acid on kaolinite using Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy and molecular modeling to determine the chemisorbed species present. After the addition of acetic acid, gas phase water was introduced to explore how water vapor competes with acetic acid for surface sites...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Miaojun Huang, Tianjie Li, Ting Pan, Naru Zhao, Yongchang Yao, Zhichen Zhai, Jiaan Zhou, Chang Du, Yingjun Wang
Yeast cells have controllable biosorption on metallic ions during metabolism. However, few studies were dedicated to using yeast-regulated biomimetic mineralization process to control the strontium-doped positions in calcium phosphate microcapsules. In this study, the yeast cells were allowed to pre-adsorb strontium ions metabolically and then served as sacrificing template for the precipitation and calcination of mineral shell. The pre-adsorption enabled the microorganism to enrich of strontium ions into the inner part of the microcapsules, which ensured a slow-release profile of the trace element from the microcapsule...
October 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
Rie T Fredrickson, Daniel C Fredrickson
Despite being one of the most common minerals in the earth's crust the crystal structure of intermediate e-plagioclase remains only partially understood, due in a large part to its complex diffraction patterns including satellite reflections. In this article we present a detailed analysis of the structure of e-plagioclase (An44) using single-crystal X-ray diffraction measured at ambient and low temperature (T = 100 K), in which the full modulated structure is successfully refined. As in earlier studies, the diffraction pattern exhibits strong main a-reflections and weak e-satellite reflections...
October 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
J A Feldpausch, R G Amachawadi, M D Tokach, H M Scott, T G Nagaraja, S S Dritz, R D Goodband, J C Woodworth, J M DeRouchey
A total of 480 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; initially 48.7 ± 2.3 kg) were used to determine the interactive effects of supplemental Cu, Zn, and ractopamine HCl (RAC) on finishing pig growth performance, carcass characteristics, and antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric bacteria. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial with the main effects of added Cu (CuSO; 0 vs. 125 mg/kg Cu), Zn (ZnO; 0 vs. 150 mg/kg Zn), and RAC (0 vs. 10 mg/kg during the last 28 d prior to marketing). All diets contained 11 mg/kg Cu and 73 mg/kg Zn from the trace mineral premix...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
O N Genther-Schroeder, M E Branine, S L Hansen
Forty-two Angus crossbred steers (380 ± 5.3 kg) were enrolled in a finishing study to evaluate the influence of a supplemental Zn amino-acid complex (ZnAA; Availa-Zn) on performance and carcass characteristics of finishing steers in combination with ractopamine hydrochloride (RAC). Steers were stratified by BW into 7 pens of 6 steers each, and individual feed intake was measured. Steers were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments for 86 d (pre-RAC period): a dry-rolled corn-based diet supplemented with 60 mg Zn/kg DM from ZnSO and no supplemental ZnAA (CON; analyzed 88 mg Zn/kg DM; = 6) or CON diet supplemented with 30 (Zn30; = 12), 60 (Zn60; = 12), or 90 (Zn90; = 11) mg Zn/kg DM from ZnAA...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
I A Alhidary, M M Abdelrahman, R U Khan
Twenty Awassi lambs were used to find the effects of direct-fed microbials (DFM) and long-acting trace minerals rumen bolus (TMB) supplements on performance, blood biochemical variables, and antioxidant status of the lambs under grazing conditions. The lambs were randomly distributed into four groups as follows: (1) untreated, (2) oral dose of 5 mL DFM, (3) TMB, or (4) oral dose of 5 mL DFM and TMB. The treatments were carried out for 90 days. Supplementation with TMB significantly increased (P < 0...
September 29, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Recep Vatansever, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz
The essentiality of 14 mineral elements so far have been reported in plant nutrition. Eight of these elements were known as micronutrients due to their lower concentrations in plants (usually ≤100 mg/kg/dw). However, it is still challenging to mention an exact number of plant micronutrients since some elements have not been strictly proposed yet either as essential or beneficial. Micronutrients participate in very diverse metabolic processes, including from the primary and secondary metabolism to the cell defense, and from the signal transduction to the gene regulation, energy metabolism, and hormone perception...
September 29, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
I Marín, S Nunes, E D Sánchez-Pérez, F L Aparicio, M Estrada, C Marrasé, T Moreno, T Wagener, X Querol, F Peters
The atmosphere of the northwestern (NW) Mediterranean Sea is affected by continuous inputs of anthropogenic aerosols and episodic Saharan dust events. These atmospheric inputs deliver to the surface waters high amounts of macronutrients and trace metals that can constitute their main source at certain times of the year. The effect of both anthropogenic and crustal particles over the autotrophic and heterotrophic planktonic community assembles was evaluated through three microcosm experiments carried out in the summer of 2013 and in the winter and spring of 2014 at an urban coastal location of the NW Mediterranean (Barcelona, Spain)...
September 17, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
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