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Healthcare professionals

Ian Matthews, Hazel Dawson
Vaccines are an established means of preventing and eliminating communicable diseases. Whilst their efficacy in some settings is well studied, the impact of multi-dose vaccinations programmes in elderly populations is not well documented. A literature review was conducted in order to collate and analyse existing publications to provide a summary of current thinking and support identification of key factors that impact on the success of vaccination programmes. Having returned little information to provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject area, two short surveys were undertaken to supplement the findings and further examine the attitudes and opinions of the elderly and healthcare professionals...
April 23, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Sam Foster
New standards for technical education, with a focus on high-quality learning, offer opportunities to expand the professional and support healthcare workforce, says Sam Foster, Chief Nurse, Oxford University Hospitals.
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Rebecca H Lehto, Carrie Heeter, Marcel Allbritton, Michelle Wiseman
PURPOSE: Healthcare providers who are involved in the care of patients at the end of life are at risk of developing compassion fatigue, a condition characterized by emotional exhaustion and reduced professional engagement. Research has shown that development of a meditation practice can modify stress perceptions and promote quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate perceived benefits, challenges, and recommendations following participation in a workplace mobile application- and email-based meditation research program...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Sara Campagna, Silvia Gonella, Riccardo Sperlinga, Piero L Giuliano, Rosella Marchese, Rebecca Pedersini, Paola Berchialla, Valerio Dimonte
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence, severity, and self-reported characteristics of taste alterations (TAs) induced by chemotherapy and to investigate TAs across chemotherapy regimens. SAMPLE & SETTING: 243 adult patients from five outpatient practices in Northern Italy. METHODS & VARIABLES: Correlation, univariate, and multivariate linear regression analyses. Variables include TAs, symptoms reported by patients, and the effect of TAs on quality of life...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Enrique Oltra Rodríguez, Benjamín Fernández García, Laura Cabiedes Miragaya, Rosario Riestra Rodríguez, Cristina González Aller, Sofía Osorio Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays minor surgery is performed by di- fferent professionals at primary as well as specialized care. Being a healthcare technology, minor surgery must be assessed in order to achieve an organizational efficiency. User's satisfaction must be one of the quality criteria. That is why an analysis of the quality perceived by users according to where minor surgery takes place and who carries it out is made. METHODS: This study explores, conducting telephone surveys, the satisfaction of a sample of 275 minor surgery patients of two hospitals and three primary healthcare areas of Asturias...
April 26, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Julia Park, David E Cunningham
Introduction Practice-Based Small Group Learning (PBSGL) is a learning programme widely adopted by primary healthcare professions (general practitioners, general practice nurses and pharmacists) in Scotland and other countries in the UK. PBSGL groups recruit members and decide on meeting dates and venues. Study aims To determine how groups recruit new members and discern what are the important attributes of the new members. Method A grounded theory approach was used with purposive sampling to recruit PBSGL groups to the study...
April 23, 2018: Education for Primary Care
Stina Meyer Larsen, Rikke Falgreen Mortensen, Hanne Kaae Kristensen, Lise Hounsgaard
PURPOSE: To identify, synthesize, and evaluate existing literature concerning the process of becoming a user of assistive technology (AT). METHOD: A systematic review and meta-synthesis were carried out. Five bibliographic databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO and SocINDEX) were systematically searched up to 13th of March 2017, using two sets of search terms: (i) elderly and synonyms and (ii) assistive technology and similar words, and combined with a qualitative research filter...
April 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jacqueline A Richmond, Jack Wallace
Objectives: Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for the treatment of hepatitis C (HCV) became universally available in Australia in March 2016, with an aim to achieve HCV elimination. Fourteen per cent of Australians with HCV have initiated treatment. The objective of this study was to explore and identify challenges and enablers that have emerged during this initial phase of HCV cure implementation. Methods: Key stakeholders (KS) in primary care, non-government and government sectors were recruited to participate in a telephone-based semi-structured interview to describe challenges and enablers facing individuals with HCV and the healthcare system in implementing HCV cure...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
David Baldwin, Matthew Callister, Ahsan Akram, Paul Cane, Jeanette Draffan, Kevin Franks, Fergus Gleeson, Richard Graham, Puneet Malhotra, Philip Pearson, Manil Subesinghe, David Waller, Ian Woolhouse
Introduction: The purpose of the quality standards document is to provide healthcare professionals, commissioners, service providers and patients with a guide to standards of care that should be met for the investigation and management of pulmonary nodules in the UK, together with measurable markers of good practice. Methods: Development of British Thoracic Society (BTS) Quality Standards follows the BTS process of quality standard production based on the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence process manual for the development of quality standards...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Fabio Sirchia, Daniele Carrieri, Sandi Dheensa, Caroline Benjamin, Hülya Kayserili, Christophe Cordier, Carla G van El, Peter D Turnpenny, Bela Melegh, Álvaro Mendes, Tanya F Halbersma-Konings, Irene M van Langen, Anneke M Lucassen, Angus J Clarke, Francesca Forzano, Susan E Kelly
Advances in genomic medicine are improving diagnosis and treatment of some health conditions, and the question of whether former patients should be recontacted is therefore timely. The issue of recontacting is becoming more important with increased integration of genomics in 'mainstream' medicine. Empirical evidence is needed to advance the discussion over whether and how recontacting should be implemented. We administered a web-based survey to genetic services in European countries to collect information about existing infrastructures and practices relevant to recontacting patients...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Helen J Curtis, Alex J Walker, Ben Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen was recommended by NICE in 2013 for chemoprevention of breast cancer, but a recent survey suggested only a quarter of GPs are aware of this. We set out to measure the uptake of tamoxifen, and the alternative raloxifene, in national prescribing data sets. METHODS: Tamoxifen and raloxifene data were extracted from England's monthly prescribing data sets, October 2010-October 2017. We used interrupted time series analysis to reveal national and local responses to guidelines...
April 23, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
H J Welstead, J Patrick, T C Russ, G Cooney, C M Mulvenna, C Maclean, A Polnay
Aims and methodCaring for patients with personality disorder is one of the biggest challenges in psychiatric work. We investigated whether mentalisation-based treatment skills (MBT-S) teaching improves clinicians' understanding of mentalising and attitudes towards personality disorder. Self-report questionnaires (Knowledge and Application of MBT (KAMQ) and Attitudes to Personality Disorder (APDQ)) were completed at baseline and after a 2-day MBT-S workshop. RESULTS: Ninety-two healthcare professionals completed questionnaires before and after training...
April 23, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
George I Mihalas, Lacramioara Stoicu-Tivadar
OBJECTIVES:  The paper presents a review of the history of medical informatics in Romania, starting from the pioneering works, relating the present, and foreseeing the future. METHODS:  Major milestones of the development of this field have not been simply enumerated, but described within the specific socio-political frame, grasping the entire context over the last four decades in Romania. Two main perspectives have been traced: education and training in medical informatics and implementations in healthcare...
April 22, 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Simone Giona, Indranil Ganguly, Gordon Muir
INTRODUCTION: Many LUTS/BPH treatments currently available may affect sexual function (SD). We wished to assess urologists' attitude and practice in this area. METHODS: Attendees of an international meeting were randomly selected, interviewed and stratified by professional status and LUTS/BPH cases seen per month. There were four questions: treatment options offered, frequency of discussing erectile dysfunction (ED) with each treatment, frequency of discussing ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD) with each treatment, and offering alternative treatment based on the risks of sexual dysfunction...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Armelle Pillet, Floriane Minne, Rafik Belhadj Chaidi, Gilles Chapelle, Aurélie Ferru
Guidelines for venous thromboembolism treatment with curative anticoagulation in cancer patients are poorly respected. Yet, venous thromboembolism is the second leading cause of death in cancer patients, after cancer progression. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the application of these guidelines after the implementation of educational measures for patients and caregivers, and also to assess the acceptability and tolerance of treatment by patients. On the one hand, a prospective observational study conducted in cancer patients with VTE allowed to assess the rate of compliance to guidelines...
April 18, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
Fatima Cardoso, Danielle Spence, Shirley Mertz, Dian Corneliussen-James, Kimberly Sabelko, Julie Gralow, Maria-João Cardoso, Fedro Peccatori, Diego Paonessa, Ann Benares, Naomi Sakurai, Marc Beishon, Sarah-Jane Barker, Musa Mayer
Approximately 0.5 million people worldwide die from metastatic breast cancer (mBC) every year. This manuscript provides an overview on the status of mBC in several regions of the world, highlighting the gaps in care, resources, and support available for patients with mBC. Primary research was conducted in 2015 and 2016, comprising four global qualitative and quantitative surveys of approximately 15,000 individuals in 34 countries. Secondary research was conducted using literature reviews of peer-reviewed publications, patient survey reports, and media or online articles...
April 18, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
John Jolly, Paul Bowie, Julie Price, Matt Mason, Mark Dinwoodie
OBJECTIVES: The Medical Protection Society (MPS) is a leading protection organisation for healthcare professionals worldwide. In the UK and Ireland, a small minority of MPS members experience significantly more medicolegal cases than their peers and are invited to participate in a risk education (RE) remediation process. To understand more about this educational intervention, we sought to explore participating doctors' views of their experiences of this process and identify self-reported performance improvements and what elements of the intervention could be improved...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
Nina Karisalmi, Johanna Kaipio, Pekka Lahdenne
Digital services are increasingly being developed for the healthcare sector. In Finland, the five university hospitals in 2016 launched a virtual hospital platform, that includes several portals. The aim of this study is to explore the needs of children and their families related to digital services in the context of a children's hospital in Finland. Two methods were used to examine the needs and expectations of children and their families: a web-based survey for parents and video diaries for children...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Ulla-Mari Kinnunen, Kaija Saranto
Education in Health Informatics (HI) has been a key priority to guarantee knowledge and skills for professionals working in healthcare settings. One of the early academic models to teach HI are the recommendations provided by the International Medical Informatics Association. The paper describes the curriculum developed for master's degrees and the status of a paradigm used in informatics education, as well as research in the health and human services fields. The aim is to synthesise the methodological focuses in students' theses and discuss the future needs for development...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Sisse H Laursen, Amanda A Buus, Lisbet Brandi, Peter Vestergaard, Ole K Hejlesen
Hyperphosphatemia is known as one of the more challenging conditions in end-stage renal disease patients. This study set out to present and evaluate a healthcare-oriented decision support tool in the management of hyperphosphatemia within hemodialysis therapy. A prototype module was designed to fit into the interface of a modern dialysis machine (Fresenius 5008). The prototype included three main functions: 1) immediate bedside blood sample access, 2) a model based prognosis tool with estimates of P-phosphate and 3) an overview of the user's phosphate related activities during dialysis treatments...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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