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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908027/factors-affecting-empathetic-patient-care-behaviour-among-medical-doctors-and-nurses-an-integrative-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Muntaha Elayyan, Janet Rankin, M W Chaarani
Background: Healthcare professionals' empathic behaviour is an important component of quality health care. Patients' reports suggest that empathy is often lacking. Specific factors that may facilitate or inhibit empathetic behaviour have not been extensively examined. In Qatar, empathy may be affected by a completely multicultural, multilinguistic setting where healthcare professionals and patients interact. Aim: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide the latest evidence on factors that influence the demonstration of empathetic behaviour of nurses and physicians toward patients and to draw general conclusions that increase understanding...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907602/improvised-first-aid-techniques-for-terrorist-attacks
#2
EDITORIAL
Andrew Loftus, Harvey Pynn, Paul Parker
Terrorist acts occur every day around the world. Healthcare professionals are often present as bystander survivors in these situations, with none of the equipment or infrastructure they rely on in their day-to-day practice. Within several countries there has been a move to disseminate the actions to take in the event of such attacks: in the UK, Run, Hide, Tell , and in the USA, Fight Back This paper outlines how a very basic medical knowledge combined with everyday high-street items can render highly effective first aid and save lives...
June 15, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907323/taking-the-measure-of-the-profession-physician-associations-in-the-measurement-age
#3
REVIEW
Baruch Levi, Amos Zehavi, David Chinitz
Systematic measurement of healthcare services enables evaluation of health professionals' quality of work. Whereas policy makers find measurement a useful mechanism for quality improvement, a public choice perspective implies that physicians would resent such an initiative, which undermines their professional autonomy. In this article, we compare two healthcare systems of economically developed countries - Israel and the UK. Both systems share common features such as universal coverage, strong state intervention, and enthusiasm for New Public Management...
June 8, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905920/breast-cancer-risk-evaluation-by-utilizing-gail-model-and-association-between-breast-cancer-risk-perception-with-early-diagnosis-applications-among-midwives-and-nurses-working-in-primary-health-services
#4
Ebru Turhan, Gokben Yasli
OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to detect cancer risk of the midwifes and nurses playing central role in raising awareness in the society using Gail's model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample of the present cross sectional study consists of 750 volunteer midwifes and nurses in 2016. Breast cancer risk was calculated using the Gail Risk Assessment Tool. Perceived and calculated risk levels were compared. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square analysis, t-test, Multivariate Linear Regression Analysis, the Logistic Regression Analysis were conducted...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905499/developing-nurses-skills-in-motivational-interviewing-to-promote-a-healthy-lifestyle-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Jos Dobber, Corine Latour, Marjolein Snaterse, Berno van Meijel, Gerben Ter Riet, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, Ron Peters
BACKGROUND: If nurses have the communication skills and the time, they can play an important role in increasing the intrinsic motivation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) to change their lifestyle. Motivational Interviewing (Mo-Int) can be used to further support this role. However, few nurses are sufficiently proficient in applying Mo-Int skills. Increasing these complex communication skills may contribute significantly to achieve lifestyle changes in CAD patients. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the coaching of nurses to skilfully use Mo-Int in a secondary prevention programme for CAD patients...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903762/the-egvhd-app-has-the-potential-to-improve-the-accuracy-of-graft-versus-host-disease-assessment-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Helene M Schoemans, Kathy Goris, Raf Van Durm, Steffen Fieuws, Sabina De Geest, Steven Z Pavletic, Annie Im, Daniel Wolff, Stephanie J Lee, Hildegard Greinix, Rafael F Duarte, Xavier Poiré, Dominik Selleslag, Philippe Lewalle, Tessa Kerre, Carlos Graux, Frédéric Baron, Johan A Maertens, Fabienne Dobbels
Graft-versus-host disease assessment has been shown to be a challenge for healthcare professionals, leading to the development of the eGVHD App (www.uzleuven.be/egvhd). In this study, we formally evaluated the accuracy of using the App compared to traditional assessment methods to assess graft-versus-host disease. Our national multicenter randomized controlled trial involved seven Belgian transplantation centers and 78 healthcare professionals selected using a two-stage convenience sampling approach between January and April 2017...
June 14, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903036/migrants-access-to-healthcare-services-within-the-european-union-a-content-analysis-of-policy-documents-in-ireland-portugal-and-spain
#7
REVIEW
Céline Ledoux, Eva Pilot, Esperanza Diaz, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: The current migration flow into Europe is leading to a growing ethnically diverse population in many European countries. Now more than ever, those populations have different healthcare needs, languages, traditions, and previous level of care. This higher level of diversity is likely to increase health inequalities that might challenge healthcare systems if not addressed. In this context, this study aims at reviewing the policy framework for migrants' access to healthcare in Spain, Portugal and Ireland, countries with a long history of immigration, to identify lessons to be learned for policies on migrants' health...
June 15, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902995/how-is-a-specialist-depression-service-effective-for-persistent-moderate-to-severe-depressive-disorder-a-qualitative-study-of-service-user-experience
#8
Louise Thomson, Marcus Barker, Catherine Kaylor-Hughes, Anne Garland, Rajini Ramana, Richard Morriss, Emily Hammond, Gail Hopkins, Sandra Simpson
BACKGROUND: A specialist depression service (SDS) offering collaborative pharmacological and cognitive behaviour therapy treatment for persistent depressive disorder showed effectiveness against depression symptoms versus usual community based multidisciplinary care in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in specialist mental health services in England. However, there is uncertainty concerning how specialist depression services effect such change. The current study aimed to evaluate the factors which may explain the greater effectiveness of SDS compared to Treatment as Usual (TAU) by exploring the experience of the RCT participants...
June 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902973/understanding-the-consumption-of-folic-acid-during-preconception-among-pakistani-bangladeshi-and-white-british-mothers-in-luton-uk-a-qualitative-study
#9
Rebecca Garcia, Nasreen Ali, Malcolm Griffiths, Gurch Randhawa
BACKGROUND: To review the similarities and differences in Pakistani, Bangladeshi and White British mothers health beliefs (attitudes, knowledge and perceptions) and health behaviour regarding their consumption of folic acid pre-conception, to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. METHODS: Our study used a descriptive qualitative research approach, implementing face-to-face focus group discussions with Pakistani, Bangladeshi or White British mothers (normal birth outcomes and mothers with poor birth outcomes) and semi-structured interviews or focus groups with service providers using semi-structured topic guides...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901661/interprofessional-care-in-teaching-practices-lessons-from-bright-spots
#10
Thomas Bodenheimer, Margae Knox, Sara Syer
In this issue, Brandt and colleagues and Uhlig and colleagues highlight barriers faced by health professional schools implementing interprofessional education and describe how clinical learning environments can overcome those obstacles. Primary care residency teaching clinics provide an excellent opportunity for interprofessional education and patient care, with teachers and learners from various professions caring for patients together. This Invited Commentary offers three interprofessional education strategies used by five "bright spot" family medicine teaching clinics: (1) separate clinics for patients with complex healthcare needs during which learners from various professions see patients together; (2) interprofessional interactions in day-to-day patient care; and (3) case conferences across professions to discuss patients...
June 12, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901658/blockchain-technology-a-data-framework-to-improve-validity-trust-and-accountability-of-information-exchange-in-health-professions-education
#11
Eric Funk, Jeff Riddell, Felix Ankel, Daniel Cabrera
Health professions educators face multiple challenges, among them the need to adapt educational methods to new technologies. In the last decades multiple new digital platforms have appeared in the learning arena, including massive open online courses and social media-based education. The major critique of these novel methods is the lack of the ability to ascertain the origin, validity, and accountability of the knowledge that is created, shared, and acquired. Recently, a novel technology based on secured data storage and transmission, called blockchain, has emerged as a way to generate networks where validity, trust, and accountability can be created...
June 12, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899311/duty-of-notification-and-aviation-safety-a-study-of-fatal-aviation-accidents-in-the-united-states-in-2015
#12
Alpo Vuorio, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila, Tanja Laukkala, Ilkka Junttila, Stein E Kravik, Robin Griffiths
After the Germanwings accident, the French Safety Investigation Authority (BEA) recommended that the World Health Organization (WHO) and European Community (EC) develop clear rules for the duty of notification process. Aeromedical practitioners (AMEs) face a dilemma when considering the duty of notification and conflicts between pilot privacy and public and third-party safety. When balancing accountability, knowledge of the duty of notification process, legislation and the clarification of a doctor’s own set of values should be assessed a priori...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898723/multiple-policy-approaches-in-improving-community-pharmacy-practice-the-case-in-indonesia
#13
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Health reform has been an ongoing agenda in many countries with community pharmacy increasingly gaining attention for contributing to healthcare improvement. Likewise, multiple policy approaches have been introduced to improve community pharmacy practice in Indonesia yet no studies have evaluated their effectiveness. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and collate information on approaches intended to improve practice in Indonesian community pharmacy and subsequently examine the perceptions of key stakeholders in healthcare and community pharmacy about these approaches and the extent to which they have affected community pharmacists as a profession...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898692/the-implementation-and-adherence-to-evidence-based-protocols-for-psychotherapy-for-depression-the-perspective-of-therapists-in-dutch-specialized-mental-healthcare
#14
Sanne J E Bruijniks, Gerdien Franx, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND: Although psychotherapy is an effective treatment for depression, a large number of patients still do not receive care according to the protocols that are used in clinical trials. Instead, patients often receive a modified version of the original intervention. It is not clear how and when treatment protocols are used or modified in the Dutch specialized mental health care and whether these changes lead to suboptimal adherence to treatment protocols. METHODS: In the context of an ongoing multicenter trial that investigates whether twice-weekly sessions of protocolized interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression lead to better treatment outcomes compared to once-weekly sessions, two focus groups using semi-structured interviews were organized...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898682/patient-care-activities-by-community-pharmacists-in-a-capitation-funding-model-mental-health-and-addictions-program
#15
Andrea L Murphy, David M Gardner, Lisa M Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are autonomous, regulated health care professionals located in urban and rural communities in Canada. The accessibility, knowledge, and skills of community pharmacists can be leveraged to increase mental illness and addictions care in communities. METHODS: The Bloom Program was designed, developed, and implemented based on the Behaviour Change Wheel and a program of research in community pharmacy mental healthcare capacity building...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898191/satisfaction-and-burden-of-mental-health-personnel-data-from-healthcare-services-for-substance-users-and-their-families
#16
Juliana B Hilgert, Augusto B Bidinotto, Mayra P Pachado, Letícia S Fara, Lisia von Diemen, Raquel B De Boni, Mary C Bozzetti, Flávio Pechansky
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction and burden of mental health personnel providing mental health services for substance users and their families. METHOD: Five hundred twenty-seven mental health workers who provide treatment for substance users in five Brazilian states were interviewed. Data on sociodemographic characteristics and measures of satisfaction (SATIS-BR) and burden of mental health personnel (IMPACTO-BR) were collected. RESULTS: Type of mental health service and educational attainment were associated with degree of satisfaction and burden...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898144/oral-health-status-health-behaviour-and-treatment-needs-of-patients-undergoing-cardiovascular-surgery
#17
Ansul Kumar, Arpita Rai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of cardiovascular surgery patients. Second, the awareness of cardiovascular surgery patients regarding the association between oral health and heart disease was considered. METHODS: Assessment of oral health status, oral hygiene practices and treatment needs of 106 hospitalized patients in preparation for cardiovascular surgery. Patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire designed for this study and oral examination was carried out by a dentist...
March 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898027/comparison-between-ogawa-kudoh-and-modified-petroff-techniques-for-mycobacteria-cultivation-in-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#18
Ronaldo Rodrigues da Costa, Suzane Fernandes da Silva, Romário Costa Fochat, Raquel Leite Macedo, Thamiris Vilela Pereira, Marcio Roberto Silva, Carmen Perches Gomide Pinto, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the Ogawa-Kudoh method with the modified Petroff technique in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: A total of 205 sputum samples from 166 patients with clinical suspicion or under pulmonary tuberculosis follow-up, seen at a public tertiary care hospital, from July 2014 to July 2016 were used. All samples were simultaneously processed using the Ogawa-Kudoh and modified Petroff decontamination methods, according to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health...
June 11, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898025/construction-and-validation-of-content-of-one-instrument-to-assess-falls-in-the-elderly
#19
Michele Bittencourt Silveira, Ricardo Pedrozo Saldanha, José Carlos de Carvalho Leite, Thamyres Oliveira Ferreira da Silva, Thiago Silva, Lidiane Isabel Filippin
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the content of the online Questionnaire for Fall Risk Assessment in the Elderly. METHODS: The instrument was developed based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization. Initially, the set of items was submitted to evaluation of judges (healthcare professionals with experience in elderly health), who could suggest inclusion or exclusion of questions from the instrument; they were also asked to rate each question according to the expected scope...
June 11, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897934/clinical-trials-in-neonates-how-to-optimise-informed-consent-and-decision-making-a-european-delphi-survey-of-parent-representatives-and-clinicians
#20
Virginia Neyro, Valéry Elie, Nicole Thiele, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain
OBJECTIVES: Parental consent for the participation of their neonate in neonatal research is influenced by the quality of the information delivered and the interaction between parents and investigators. Failure to provide important information may lead to difficulties in the decision making process of parents. This Delphi survey aims to establish a consensus between parent representatives of neonatal associations and healthcare professionals concerning the information deemed essential by both parties in order to improve the recruitment of neonates into clinical trials...
2018: PloS One
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