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Dissociative personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236543/rorschach-assessment-of-two-distinctive-personality-states-of-a-person-with-dissociative-identity-disorder
#1
Ellen Hartmann, Kirsten Benum
This case study used test data from a patient with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID; American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ) to illustrate how two main personality states of the patient ("Ann" and "Ben") seemed to function. The Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS; Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex (IIP-64; Horowitz, Alden, Wiggins, & Pincus, 2000 ), administered to Ann and Ben in separate settings, exposed two diverse R-PAS and IIP-64 profiles...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209466/peritraumatic-dissociation-predicts-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-via-dysfunctional-trauma-related-memory-among-war-affected-children
#2
Kirsi Peltonen, Samuli Kangaslampi, Jenni Saranpää, Samir Qouta, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Background: Among adults there is strong evidence about peritraumatic dissociation (PD) predicting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet evidence among children is very limited. It has been suggested that disturbances in memory functioning might explain the association between PD and PTSD, but this has not yet been empirically tested. Objective: We aimed to test the hypotheses that greater PD would be associated with more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and that some of this association would be mediated by disorganized and non-verbal memories about the traumatic event...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197206/characteristics-and-development-of-nonsuicidal-super-self-injury-among-borderline-inpatients
#3
Katalin Merza, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is strongly associated with childhood traumatization. To the best of our knowledge, there has been a lack of studies investigating extensively the characteristics of borderline patients who engage in extremely high numbers of NSSI, and their features of NSSI, trauma history and psychopathology. The aim of this study is to identify groups of borderline inpatients on the basis of the lifetime number of NSSI, and to explore the characteristics of these groups regarding the onset, reasons and methods of NSSI, history of childhood traumatization, and severity of psychopathology...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188734/psychiatric-axis-i-and-personality-axis-ii-disorders-and-subjective-psychiatric-symptoms-in-chronic-tinnitus
#4
Hanna Sahlsten, Tero Taiminen, Max Karukivi, Noora Sjösten, Johanna Nikkilä, Juuso Virtanen, Janika Paavola, Juho Joutsa, Katri Niinivirta-Joutsa, Mari Takala, Anu Holm, Esa Rauhala, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Reijo Johansson, Satu K Jääskeläinen
OBJECTIVE: Chronic tinnitus has been associated with several psychiatric disorders. Only few studies have investigated these disorders using validated diagnostic interviews. The aims were to diagnose psychiatric and personality disorders with structured interviews, to assess self-rated psychiatric symptoms and elucidate temporal relations between psychiatric disorders and tinnitus. DESIGN: Current and lifetime DSM-IV diagnoses of axis-I (psychiatric disorders) and axis-II (personality disorders) were assessed using structured clinical interviews (SCID-I and -II)...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171491/-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-pericyazine-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-schizotypal-disorder-organic-personality-disorders-and-pathocharacterological-changes-within-personality-disorders
#5
D S Danilov
AIM: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of pericyazine in the treatment of patients with mental disorders manifesting with psychopathic-like symptoms and correction of pathocharacterological disorders in patients with personality disorders during the short-term admission to the hospital or the long-term outpatient treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients with schizotypal personality disorder and organic personality disorder with psychopathic-like symptoms and pathocharacterological changes within the diagnosis of dissocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder were examined...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144883/what-was-once-essential-may-become-detrimental-the-mediating-role-of-depersonalization-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-emotional-maltreatment-and-psychological-distress-in-adults
#6
Aoife Ó Laoide, Jonathan Egan, Kristin Osborn
Depersonalization (DP) is a dissociative phenomenon, characterised by feeling "unreal" or detached from one's own emotions, thoughts and behaviour (APA, 2013). It is considered a defense mechanism, employed in response to overwhelming events, whereby thoughts and emotions are suppressed in order to enhance the individual's' capacity to function in traumatic environments. DP has been found to co-occur with anxiety and depressive disorders and childhood emotional maltreatment (EM) has been identified as an important predisposing factor...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117869/frequency-of-use-of-the-international-classification-of-diseases-icd-10-diagnostic-categories-for-mental-and-behavioural-disorders-across-world-regions
#7
Y Faiad, B Khoury, S Daouk, M Maj, J Keeley, O Gureje, G Reed
AIMS: The study aimed to examine variations in the use of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10) diagnostic categories for mental and behavioural disorders across countries, regions and income levels using data from the online World Psychiatric Association (WPA)-World Health Organization (WHO) Global Survey that examined the attitudes of psychiatrists towards the classification of mental disorders. METHODS: A survey was sent to 46 psychiatric societies which are members of WPA...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092782/psychopathological-constellation-in-patients-with-pnes-a-new-hypothesis
#8
Iolanda Martino, Antonella Bruni, Angelo Labate, Roberta Vasta, Antonio Cerasa, Giuseppe Borzì, Pasquale De Fazio, Antonio Gambardella
Depression symptoms have often reported in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), although the underlying psychopathological symptomatology has been poorly understood. Our aim was to compare constellations of psychological and behavioral disturbance in PNES with respect to patients with mild-major depressive disorder (MDD), hypothesizing that the construct of depression might be different in the two groups. Ten patients with PNES and ten sex-/age-matched patients with mild-MDD newly-diagnosed, were enrolled in this study...
October 29, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080235/cortical-thickness-alterations-linked-to-somatoform-and-psychological-dissociation-in-functional-neurological-disorders
#9
David L Perez, Nassim Matin, Benjamin Williams, Kaloyan Tanev, Nikos Makris, W Curt LaFrance, Bradford C Dickerson
BACKGROUND: Links between dissociation and functional neurological disorder (FND)/conversion disorder are well-established, yet the pathophysiology of dissociation remains poorly understood. This MRI study investigated structural alterations associated with somatoform and psychological dissociation in FND. We hypothesized that multimodal, paralimbic cingulo-insular regions would relate to the severity of somatoform dissociation in patients with FND. METHODS: FreeSurfer cortical thickness and subcortical volumetric analyses were performed in 26 patients with motor FND and 27 matched healthy controls...
October 28, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050391/psychogenic-amnesia-syndromes-outcome-and-patterns-of-retrograde-amnesia
#10
Neil A Harrison, Kate Johnston, Federica Corno, Sarah J Casey, Kimberley Friedner, Kate Humphreys, Eli J Jaldow, Mervi Pitkanen, Michael D Kopelman
There are very few case series of patients with acute psychogenic memory loss (also known as dissociative/functional amnesia), and still fewer studies of outcome, or comparisons with neurological memory-disordered patients. Consequently, the literature on psychogenic amnesia is somewhat fragmented and offers little prognostic value for individual patients. In the present study, we reviewed the case records and neuropsychological findings in 53 psychogenic amnesia cases (ratio of 3:1, males:females), in comparison with 21 consecutively recruited neurological memory-disordered patients and 14 healthy control subjects...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967533/disruption-of-conscious-access-in-schizophrenia
#11
REVIEW
Lucie Berkovitch, Stanislas Dehaene, Raphaël Gaillard
Schizophrenia is a severe and complex psychiatric disorder resulting in delusions, hallucinations, and cognitive impairments. Across a variety of paradigms, an elevated threshold for conscious perception has been repeatedly observed in persons with schizophrenia. Remarkably, even subtle measures of subliminal processing appear to be preserved. We argue here that the dissociation between impaired conscious access and intact unconscious processing may be due to a specific disruption of top-down attentional amplification...
November 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946763/dissociation-in-psychiatric-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-using-the-dissociative-experiences-scale
#12
Lisa Lyssenko, Christian Schmahl, Laura Bockhacker, Ruben Vonderlin, Martin Bohus, Nikolaus Kleindienst
OBJECTIVE: Dissociation is a complex, ubiquitous construct in psychopathology. Symptoms of dissociation are present in a variety of mental disorders and have been connected to higher burden of illness and poorer treatment response, and not only in disorders with high levels of dissociation. This meta-analysis offers a systematic and evidence-based study of the prevalence and distribution of dissociation, as assessed by the Dissociative Experiences Scale, within different categories of mental disorders, and it updates an earlier meta-analysis...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936192/the-intricate-relationship-between-psychotic-like-experiences-and-associated-subclinical-symptoms-in-healthy-individuals
#13
Lui Unterrassner, Thomas A Wyss, Diana Wotruba, Helene Haker, Wulf Rössler
The interplay between subclinical psychotic, negative, and affective symptoms has gained increased attention regarding the etiology of psychosis spectrum and other mental disorders. Importantly, research has tended to not differentiate between different subtypes of psychotic-like experiences (PLE) although they may not have the same significance for mental health. In order to gain information on the subclinical interplay between specific PLE and other symptoms as well as the significance of PLE for mental health, we investigated their specific associations in 206 healthy individuals (20-60 years, 73 females) using correlational and linear regression analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917190/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-dissociation-between-childhood-trauma-and-two-different-types-of-psychosis-like-experience
#14
Ji Young Choi
This study examined the roles of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and dissociation in the relationship between childhood trauma and two different types of psychosis-like experience, including persecutory ideation and aberrant experience, in non-psychotic psychiatric patients. From August 2015 to August 2016, among psychiatric out patients seeking treatment at the Department of Psychiatry at a major teaching medical hospital in Seoul, Korea, 169 patients who had never been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, including schizophrenia spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, and/or depressive disorder with psychotic features, completed the Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, the modified Korean version of the Peritraumatic Dissociation Experiences Questionnaire, and the Korean Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#15
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875484/women-s-auto-biography-and-dissociative-identity-disorder-implications-for-mental-health-practice
#16
Kendal Tomlinson, Charley Baker
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is an uncommon disorder that has long been associated with exposure to traumatic stressors exceeding manageable levels commonly encompassing physical, psychological and sexual abuse in childhood that is prolonged and severe in nature. In DID, dissociation continues after the traumatic experience and produces a disruption in identity where distinct personality states develop. These personalities are accompanied by variations in behaviour, emotions, memory, perception and cognition...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869097/cbt-in-the-prevention-of-psychosis-and-other-severe-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-a-review-and-proposed-next-steps
#17
Mark van der Gaag, David van den Berg, Helga Ising
Patients with an 'At risk mental state' (ARMS) for developing psychosis can be treated successfully with CBT to postpone and prevent the transition to a first psychotic episode. A characteristic of individuals that meet ARMS criteria is that they are still open for multiple explanations for extraordinary experiences. CBT aims to normalize extraordinary experiences with education and to prevent delusional explanations. The treatment is not only effective, but also cost-saving in averting psychosis as well as in reducing disability adjusted life years at 18- and 48-month follow-up...
August 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866722/changes-in-intensity-of-neurotic-symptoms-associated-with-reduction-of-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-who-underwent-psychotherapy-in-the-day-hospital-for-the-treatment-of-neurotic-and-behavioral-disorders
#18
Paweł Rodziński, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Agnieszka Murzyn, Jerzy A Sobański, Katarzyna Cyranka, Edyta Dembińska, Karolina Grządziel, Katarzyna Klasa, Michał Mielimąka, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of associations between changes in the intensity of neurotic symptoms and reduction of suicidal ideation (SI) or lack of SI reduction, in patients who underwent a course of intensive psychotherapy conducted in integrative approach with predominance of psychodynamic approach in a day hospital. METHODS: Symptom Checklist KO"O" and Life Inventory completed by 461 women and 219 men treated in the psychotherapeutic day hospital due to neurotic, behavioral or personality disorders between 2005-2013...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835108/icd-11-and-dsm-5-personality-trait-domains-capture-categorical-personality-disorders-finding-a-common-ground
#19
Bo Bach, Martin Sellbom, Mathias Skjernov, Erik Simonsen
OBJECTIVE: The five personality disorder trait domains in the proposed International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition are comparable in terms of Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Antagonism/Dissociality and Disinhibition. However, the International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition model includes a separate domain of Anankastia, whereas the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition model includes an additional domain of Psychoticism...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808897/should-posttraumatic-stress-be-a-disorder-or-a-specifier-towards-improved-nosology-within-the-dsm-categorical-classification-system
#20
REVIEW
Jeffrey Guina, Matthew Baker, Kelly Stinson, Jon Maust, Joseph Coles, Pamela Broderick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since 1980, posttraumatic stress (PTS) disorder has been controversial because of its origin as a social construct, its discriminating trauma definition, and the Procrustean array of symptoms/clusters chosen for inclusion/exclusion. This review summarizes the history of trauma-related nosology and proposed changes, within current categorical models (trauma definitions, symptoms/clusters, subtypes/specifiers, disorders) and new models. RECENT FINDINGS: Considering that trauma is a risk factor for virtually all mental disorders (particularly depressive, anxiety, dissociative, personality), the multi-finality of trauma (some survivors are resilient, and some develop PTS and/or non-PTS symptoms), and the various symptoms that trauma survivors express (mood, cognitive, perceptual, somatic), it is difficult to classify PTS...
August 15, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
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