Read by QxMD icon Read

h1n1 India

Vidula Purohit, Abhay Kudale, Neisha Sundaram, Saju Joseph, Christian Schaetti, Mitchell G Weiss
BACKGROUND: Prior experience and the persisting threat of influenza pandemic indicate the need for global and local preparedness and public health response capacity. The pandemic of 2009 highlighted the importance of such planning and the value of prior efforts at all levels. Our review of the public health response to this pandemic in Pune, India, considers the challenges of integrating global and national strategies in local programmes and lessons learned for influenza pandemic preparedness...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Shrikant Sharma, Veer Bahadur Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Vipul Prajapati, Jitendra Patel, Rajesh Vukkala, Sanjay Kumar Jangid, Jayesh Sanmukhani, Gaurav Gupta, Pradip Patel, Ravindra Mittal, Reinhard Glueck
This phase II / III clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of the Tetravalent Influenza vaccine (Split virion) I.P. (TetIV) developed indigenously in the country for the first time by M/s Cadila Healthcare Limited, India containing two influenza A and two influenza B strains, one of each, Yamagata (B/Phuket) and Victoria (B/Brisbane) lineage and also compare it to that of an licensed seasonal Trivalent Influenza vaccine (TriIV) of Sanofi Pasteur India Private Limited, containing the two influenza A and only the Yamagata lineage (B/Phuket) strain...
February 20, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Mousumi Dutta, Prafulla Dutta, Subhash Medhi, Biswajyoti Borkakoty, Dipankar Biswas
Human leucocyte antigen (HLA) represents one of the most highly polymorphic systems which plays a central role in the immune response. Genetic polymorphism of HLA in influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 infected population may be an important factor in disease progression and severity that needs further probing. In this study, a total of 110 Influenza like illness patients were recruited from the population of Assam, Northeast India, from which 35 cases infected by A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses and 35 controls were typed for HLA-A, B and DRB1 locus by PCR-SSP method...
May 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Kundan Tandel, Shashi Sharma, Paban Kumar Dash, ManMohan Parida
Influenza A viruses has been associated with severe global pandemics of high morbidity and mortality with devastating impact on human health and global economy. India witnessed a major outbreak of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in 2015. This study comprises detailed investigation of cases died of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection during explosive outbreak of 2015, in central part of India. To find out presence of drug resistant virus among patients who died of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection and to find out presence of other mutations contributing to the morbidity and mortality...
May 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Tania F Bahamondez-Canas, Zhengrong Cui
Vaccination represents a cost-effective weapon for disease prevention and has proven to dramatically reduce the incidences of several diseases that once were responsible for significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. The nasal cavity constitutes the initial stage of the respiratory system and the first contact with inhaled pathogens. The intranasal (IN) route for vaccine administration is an attractive alternative to injection, due to the ease of administration as well as better patient compliance. Many published studies have demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of IN immunization with liquid vaccines...
January 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Mahima Sahu, Neeru Singh, Mohan K Shukla, Varhsa A Potdar, Ravendra K Sharma, Lalit Kumar Sahare, Mahendra J Ukey, Pradip V Barde
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus pandemic struck India in 2009 and continues to cause outbreaks in its post-pandemic phase. Diminutive information is available about influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 from central India. This observational study presents epidemiological and molecular findings for the period of 6 years. Throat swab samples referred from districts of Madhya Pradesh were subjected to diagnosis of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 following WHO guidelines. Clinical and epidemiological data were recorded and analyzed. Hemagglutinin (HA) gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were performed...
March 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Nishant Verma, Vishal Pooniya, Archana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Owing to their immunocompromised status, childhood cancer patients on chemotherapy are at a greater risk for Influenza infection and its associated complications. There is limited data available on the clinical profile and outcome of Influenza A/H1N1 in this subset of patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of Influenza A/H1N1 cases diagnosed between January 2015 to December 2015 in the in-patients of Pediatric Oncology unit of a tertiary care hospital from Northern India...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Kazuya Nakamura, Masayuki Shirakura, Seiichiro Fujisaki, Noriko Kishida, David F Burke, Derek J Smith, Tomoko Kuwahara, Emi Takashita, Ikuyo Takayama, Mina Nakauchi, Mandeep Chadha, Varsha Potdar, Arvind Bhushan, Bishnu Prasad Upadhyay, Geeta Shakya, Takato Odagiri, Tsutomu Kageyama, Shinji Watanabe
We characterized influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 isolates from large-scale outbreaks that occurred in Nepal and India in early 2015. Although no specific viral features, which may have caused the outbreaks, were identified, an S84N substitution in hemagglutinin was frequently observed. Chronological phylogenetic analysis revealed that these Nepalese and Indian viruses possessing the S84N substitution constitute potential ancestors of the novel genetic subclade 6B.1 virus that spread globally in the following (2015/16) influenza season...
September 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
P V Barde, M Sahu, M K Shukla, P K Bharti, R K Sharma, L K Sahare, M J Ukey, N Singh
Influenza A(H1N1) viruses of the 2009 pandemic (A(H1N1)pdm09) continue to cause outbreaks in the post-pandemic period. During January to May 2015, an upsurge of influenza was recorded that resulted in high fatality in central India. Genetic lineage, mutations in the hemagglutinin (HA) gene and infection by quasi-species are reported to affect disease severity. The objective of this study is to present the molecular and epidemiological trends during the 2015 influenza outbreak in central India. All the referred samples were subjected to qRT-PCR for diagnosis...
October 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
Sara Jones, Raji Prasad, Anjana S Nair, Sanjai Dharmaseelan, Remya Usha, Radhakrishnan R Nair, Radhakrishna Madhavan Pillai
We report here the whole-genome sequence of six clinical isolates of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, isolated from Kerala, India. Amino acid analysis of all gene segments from the A(H1N1)pdm09 isolates obtained in 2014 and 2015 identified several new mutations compared to the 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic strain.
July 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
Ashutosh Chaturvedi, Arun Kumar
Spontaneous pneumothorax is a very rare entity in H1N1 infection unless it is co-existent with other respiratory conditions especially COPD. The other factors are old age, children below 5 years and patients with ILD. The mortality rate goes high with pulmonary illness complicated by H1N1 infection in smokers and in pregnant women. This is the first reported case of H1N1 infection with Spontaneous Pneumothorax in India.
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Devanshi Gohil, Sweta Kothari, Pramod Shinde, Rhuta Meharunkar, Rajas Warke, Abhay Chowdhary, Ranjana Deshmukh
Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus was first detected in India in May 2009 which subsequently became endemic in many parts of the country. Influenza A viruses have the ability to evade the immune response through its ability of antigenic variations. The study aims to characterize influenza A (H1N1) pdm 09 viruses circulating in Mumbai during the pandemic and post-pandemic period. Nasopharyngeal swabs positive for influenza A (H1N1) pdm 09 viruses were inoculated on Madin-Darby canine kidney cell line for virus isolation...
August 2017: Current Microbiology
Bharti Malhotra, Ruchi Singh, Pratibha Sharma, Deepa Meena, Jyoti Gupta, Aditya Atreya, B R Meena
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus emerged in 2009 and caused pandemic with high morbidity and mortality in India and worldwide. The number of H1N1-positive cases varied in different years in Rajasthan. The objective of the study was to present the epidemiological profile of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus cases in Rajasthan from January to March 2015. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive, record-based analysis of suspected and confirmed cases of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection in Rajasthan, India, from January to March 2015 was performed...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Bharti Malhotra, M Anjaneya Swamy, P V Janardhan Reddy, M L Gupta
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) is one of the leading causes of death among children worldwide. As different respiratory viruses exhibit similar symptoms, simultaneous detection of these viruses in a single reaction mixture can save time and cost. The present study was done in a tertiary care children's hospital for rapid identification of viruses causing SARI among children less than or equal to five years of age using multiplex real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) kit...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Sameer Arbat, Mitesh Dave, Vinit Niranjane, Irfan Rahman, Ashok Arbat
Recently, India reported an increase in swine flu (influenza A H1N1) activity. There are limited studies on epidemiology of swine flu in Indian context. This study aims to analyze clinical and epidemiological profile of suspected swine flu cases in central India. 171 cases were included in a hospital based, observational, descriptive study conducted from December 2014 to April 2015. Demographics, clinical presentation and outcome of positive and negative cases were compared. Data was analyzed using STATA software...
March 2017: Virusdisease
Kanav Khera, Ajit Singh, Girish Thunga, Jatin Agarwal, Shivanshu Awasthi, Jewel Maria Francis, Rama Bhat
BACKGROUND: H1N1 (hemagglutinin-H-neuroaminidase-N) influenza infection is associated with high morbidity and mortality because of associated complications and related factors. Predictors of mortality in H1N1 patients are studied with very few without seasonal/pandemic declaration. This study was carried out to describe the clinical features, complications and different risk factors that affect the outcome in the patients with confirmed H1N1influenza infection. METHODS: A retrospective study was done in Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal, India by analyzing the medical records of 141 patients admitted from January, 2011 to June, 2015...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
Y K Gurav, M S Chadha, B V Tandale, V A Potdar, S D Pawar, P Shil, A R Deoshatwar, R Aarthy, A Bhushan
An outbreak of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 was detected during the ongoing community-based surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI). Among reported 119 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 cases (59 cases in the year 2012 and 60 cases in 2015) in summer months, common clinical features were fever (100%), cough (90·7%), sore throat (85·7%), nasal discharge (48·7%), headache (55·5%), fatigue (18·5%), breathlessness (3·4%), and ear discharge (1·7%). Rise in ILI cases were negatively correlated with the seasonal factors such as relative humidity (Karl Pearson's correlation coefficient, i...
July 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
Tripurari Kumar, Deepak Bhatia, Pinnaka Venkata Maha Lakshmi, Kayla F Laserson, Jai Prakash Narain, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: In 2013, high mortality from influenza-A (H1N1) pdm09 (pH1N1) was observed in Punjab, India. OBJECTIVES: To describe cases and deaths of 2013 pH1N1 positives, to evaluate the high case fatality ratio and risk factors for pH1N1-associated mortality among the hospitalized cases in Punjab for 2013. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted and compared those who died from confirmed pH1N1 with those who survived in the hospital between January 1, 2013, and April 30, 2013...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
Maria Thomas, Reeta Subramaniam Mani, Mariamma Philip, Ranjeeta Adhikary, Sangeeta Joshi, Srigiri S Revadi, Shashidhar Buggi, Anita Desai, Ravi Vasanthapuram
In India, the case fatality ratio of the pandemic A (H1N1) pdm09 influenza was relatively higher when compared to seasonal Influenza A infection. Hypercytokinemia or "cytokine storm" has been previously implicated in the pathogenesis of other influenza viruses. The present study was undertaken to compare the cytokine profiles of A (H1N1) pdm09 influenza and seasonal H3 infection in Indian population and to correlate the findings with disease severity. Plasma levels of 18 cytokines/chemokines were measured by flow-cytometry using a bead based assay in patients infected with A (H1N1) pdm09 virus (n = 96) and Influenza A seasonal H3 virus (n = 30) categorised into mild, moderate, and severe groups along with healthy controls (n = 36)...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
Rahul Magazine, Shobitha Rao, Bharti Chogtu, Ramkumar Venkateswaran, Hameed Aboobackar Shahul, Umesh Goneppanavar
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is seen in critically ill patients. Its etiological spectrum in India is expected to be different from that seen in western countries due to the high prevalence of tropical infections. AIM: To study the epidemiological profile of ARDS patients. SETTING: A tertiary care hospital in Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 150 out of the 169 ARDS patients diagnosed during 2010-2012...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"