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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804801/pancreatic-enzyme-supplementation-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Marco Catarci, Manuele Berlanda, Giovanni Battista Grassi, Francesco Masedu, Stefano Guadagni
BACKGROUND: Gastrectomy for gastric cancer is a significant cause of secondary exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy may influence nutritional status and quality of life after gastrectomy, but the pertinent clinical research to date remains controversial. A randomized controlled trial to test this hypothesis was carried out. METHODS: After gastrectomy, 43 patients with gastric cancer were randomly assigned to a normal diet (Normal-d; n = 21) or to a pancreatic enzyme supplementation diet (PES-d; n = 22) and were followed up during a 12-month period, assessing nutritional status and quality of life through body mass index (BMI), instant nutritional assessment (INA) class status, serum pre-albumin (SPA) values, and GastroiIntestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI)...
August 14, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703954/evaluation-of-selected-properties-of-gluten-free-instant-gruels-processed-under-various-extrusion-cook-ing-conditions
#2
Magdalena Kręcisz, Agnieszka Wójtowicz
BACKGROUND: For consumers suffering with gluten intolerance, the only way to manage the condition is to avoid foods which are high in gluten. Instant gruels, processed from gluten-free corn and rice by extrusion cooking, could be used as a ready meal both for children and for adults on a gluten-free diet. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of various processing conditions on selected characteristics of corn-rice instant gruels. METHODS: Corn-rice mixtures (75:25 and 50:50) were processed at 12, 14, 16 and 18% of initial moisture content, using an extruder with screw speeds of 80, 100 and 120 rpm...
April 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539674/nutrition-label-experience-and-consumption-of-transitional-foods-among-a-nationwide-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#3
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Martyn Kirk, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess the usefulness of nutrition labels in Thailand during nutrition transition from traditional to modern diets that increase salt, sugar, and calorie intake and to note socio-demographic interactions and associations with consumption of transitional processed foods. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors studied 42,750 distance learning Open University adults aged 23-96 years in 2013 residing nationwide and participating in an ongoing community-based prospective cohort study...
2017: Br Food J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429902/validity-and-practicability-of-smartphone-based-photographic-food-records-for-estimating-energy-and-nutrient-intake
#4
Kaimeng Kong, Lulu Zhang, Lisu Huang, Yexuan Tao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Image-assisted dietary assessment methods are frequently used to record individual eating habits. This study tested the validity of a smartphone-based photographic food recording approach by comparing the results obtained with those of a weighed food record. We also assessed the practicality of the method by using it to measure the energy and nutrient intake of college students. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The experiment was implemented in two phases, each lasting 2 weeks...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413683/obtaining-accurate-glucose-measurements-from-wild-animals-under-field-conditions-comparing-a-hand-held-glucometer-with-a-standard-laboratory-technique-in-grey-seals
#5
Kimberley A Bennett, Lucy M Turner, Sebastian Millward, Simon E W Moss, Ailsa J Hall
Glucose is an important metabolic fuel and circulating levels are tightly regulated in most mammals, but can drop when body fuel reserves become critically low. Glucose is mobilized rapidly from liver and muscle during stress in response to increased circulating cortisol. Blood glucose levels can thus be of value in conservation as an indicator of nutritional status and may be a useful, rapid assessment marker for acute or chronic stress. However, seals show unusual glucose regulation: circulating levels are high and insulin sensitivity is limited...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112772/protein-enrichment-of-familiar-foods-as-an-innovative-strategy-to-increase-protein-intake-in-institutionalized-elderly
#6
J Beelen, N M de Roos, L C P G M de Groot
OBJECTIVE: To increase the protein intake of older adults, protein enrichment of familiar foods and drinks might be an effective and attractive alternative for oral nutritional supplements (ONS). We performed a pilot study to test whether these products could help institutionalized elderly to reach a protein intake of 1.2 gram per kg body weight per day (g/kg/d). DESIGN: Intervention study with one treatment group (no control group). Dietary assessment was done before and at the end of a 10-day intervention...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608978/effect-of-provision-of-an-integrated-neonatal-survival-kit-and-early-cognitive-stimulation-package-by-community-health-workers-on-developmental-outcomes-of-infants-in-kwale-county-kenya-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
Lisa G Pell, Diego G Bassani, Lucy Nyaga, Isaac Njagi, Catherine Wanjiku, Thulasi Thiruchselvam, William Macharia, Ripudaman S Minhas, Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Amyn Lakhani, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Robert Armstrong, Shaun K Morris
BACKGROUND: Each year, more than 200 million children under the age of 5 years, almost all in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), fail to achieve their developmental potential. Risk factors for compromised development often coexist and include inadequate cognitive stimulation, poverty, nutritional deficiencies, infection and complications of being born low birthweight and/or premature. Moreover, many of these risk factors are closely associated with newborn morbidity and mortality...
September 8, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181201/dietary-interventions-among-university-students-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Tom Deliens, Rob Van Crombruggen, Sofie Verbruggen, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, Peter Clarys
PURPOSE: This study aimed to provide an overview of available literature on interventions aiming to improve dietary intake among university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus were searched for relevant articles. Risk of bias was assessed using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Criteria Checklist for Primary Research. RESULTS: Twenty studies were identified, consisting of 12 randomised controlled trials, 1 quasi-experiment and 7 pre-experiments...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113120/scores-of-nutritional-risk-and-parameters-of-nutritional-status-assessment-as-predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-and-readmissions-in-the-general-hospital-population
#9
Jacek Budzyński, Krzysztof Tojek, Beata Czerniak, Zbigniew Banaszkiewicz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We have no "gold standard" for the diagnosis of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of many of the parameters used in nutritional status screening and assessment among inpatients for the prediction of in-hospital mortality, readmission and length of hospitalization. METHODS: On the base of the medical documentation a retrospective analysis was performed of nutritional status screening and assessment parameters for all 20,237 non-selected, consecutive hospitalizations in 15,013 patients over 18 years of age treated in one hospital during the course of one year...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009072/fish-food-security-and-health-in-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Karen E Charlton, Joanna Russell, Emma Gorman, Quentin Hanich, Aurélie Delisle, Brooke Campbell, Johann Bell
BACKGROUND: Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face a double burden of disease, with a high prevalence of household food insecurity and childhood micronutrient deficiencies, accompanied by a burgeoning increase in adult obesity, diabetes and heart disease. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to assess whether increased availability of, and access to, fish improves a) household food security and b) individual nutritional status. RESULTS: A total of 29 studies were reviewed...
March 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784586/using-both-principal-component-analysis-and-reduced-rank-regression-to-study-dietary-patterns-and-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#11
Carolina Batis, Michelle A Mendez, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Linda Adair, Barry Popkin
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between dietary patterns and diabetes using the strengths of two methods: principal component analysis (PCA) to identify the eating patterns of the population and reduced rank regression (RRR) to derive a pattern that explains the variation in glycated Hb (HbA1c), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and fasting glucose. DESIGN: We measured diet over a 3 d period with 24 h recalls and a household food inventory in 2006 and used it to derive PCA and RRR dietary patterns...
February 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26324576/associations-between-dietary-pattern-and-depression-in-korean-adolescent-girls
#12
Tae-Hee Kim, Ji-young Choi, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Yongsoon Park
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Dietary patterns are important for the physical and psychological development of adolescent girls. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between dietary patterns and depression in this population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND POPULATION: We conducted a case-control study in a tertiary university hospital of 849 girls aged 12 to 18 years. METHODS: The study was conducted from April 2011 to December 2012...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25236611/effects-of-interpretive-front-of-pack-nutrition-labels-on-food-purchases-protocol-for-the-starlight-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ekaterina Volkova, Bruce Neal, Mike Rayner, Boyd Swinburn, Helen Eyles, Yannan Jiang, Jo Michie, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: Interpretive front-of-pack nutrition labels are better understood than non-interpretive labels. However, robust evidence on the effects of such labels on consumer food purchases in the real-world is lacking. Our aim is to assess the effects of two interpretive front-of-pack nutrition labels, compared with a non-interpretive label, on the healthiness of consumer food purchases. METHODS/DESIGN: A five-week (1-week baseline and 4-week intervention) three-arm parallel randomised controlled trial will be conducted using a bespoke smartphone application, which will administer study questionnaires and deliver intervention (Multiple Traffic Light and Health Star Rating) and control (Nutrition Information Panel) labels...
2014: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25112922/instant-coffee-consumption-may-be-associated-with-higher-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults
#14
Hyo-Jin Kim, Seongbeom Cho, David R Jacobs, Kyong Park
AIMS: Cumulative evidence suggests that coffee consumption may have beneficial effects on metabolic diseases; however, few previous studies have considered the types of coffee consumed and the additives used. We investigated the relationship between coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and its components. METHODS: We analyzed 17,953 Korean adults, aged 19-65 years, using cross-sectional data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2007-2011)...
October 2014: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24966409/instant-noodle-intake-and-dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-distinct-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-korea
#15
Hyun Joon Shin, Eunyoung Cho, Hae-Jeung Lee, Teresa T Fung, Eric Rimm, Bernard Rosner, JoAnn E Manson, Kevin Wheelan, Frank B Hu
The consumption of instant noodles is relatively high in Asian populations. It is unclear whether a higher intake of instant noodles is associated with cardiometabolic risk independent of overall dietary patterns. We therefore investigated the association using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV 2007-2009, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of the Korean population with a clustered, multistage, stratified, and rolling sampling design. A total of 10,711 adults (54...
August 2014: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24884934/the-role-of-meal-viscosity-and-oat-%C3%AE-glucan-characteristics-in-human-appetite-control-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Candida J Rebello, Yi-Fang Chu, William D Johnson, Corby K Martin, Hongmei Han, Nicolas Bordenave, Yuhui Shi, Marianne O'Shea, Frank L Greenway
BACKGROUND: Foods that enhance satiety can help consumers to resist environmental cues to eat, and improve the nutritional quality of their diets. Viscosity generated by oat β-glucan, influences gastrointestinal mechanisms that mediate satiety. Differences in the source, processing treatments, and interactions with other constituents in the food matrix affect the amount, solubility, molecular weight, and structure of the β-glucan in products, which in turn influences the viscosity. This study examined the effect of two types of oatmeal and an oat-based ready-to-eat breakfast cereal (RTEC) on appetite, and assessed differences in meal viscosity and β-glucan characteristics among the cereals...
May 28, 2014: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24693714/a-survey-of-foodstuffs-fortified-with-vitamins-available-on-the-market-in-warsaw
#17
Ewa Sicińska, Marta Jeruszka-Bielak, Katarzyna Masalska, Sylwester Wronowski
BACKGROUND: Foodstuffs fortified with vitamins and/or minerals are nowadays continually being developed, leading to an increasing diversity of these products being available on the market. This contributes to increased consumption of added nutrients, which can be an effective tool for improving public health. OBJECTIVES: To identify and characterise products fortified with vitamins, available on the Warsaw foodstuff market, which can thereby be used as a source of information for the assessment of dietary micronutrient intake...
2013: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24676188/consumption-of-industrialized-food-by-infants-attending-child-day-care-centers
#18
Maysa Helena de A Toloni, Giovana Longo-Silva, Tulio Konstantyner, José Augusto de A C Taddei
OBJECTIVE: To identify the age of introduction of petit suisse cheese and instant noodles in the diet of infants attending nurseries of public day care centers and to compare the nutritional composition of these foods with the healthy recommended diet (breast milk and salt meal) for this age, in order to estimate nutritional errors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 366 children (from nine to 36 months old) who attended day care centers, whose mothers were interviewed about the age of introduction of those foods...
March 2014: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24527417/energy-content-estimation-by-collegians-for-portion-standardized-foods-frequently-consumed-in-korea
#19
Jin Kim, Hee Jung Lee, Hyun Jung Lee, Sun Ha Lee, Jee-Young Yun, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Mi-Hyun Kim
The purpose of this study is to estimate Korean collegians' knowledge of energy content in the standard portion size of foods frequently consumed in Korea and to investigate the differences in knowledge between gender groups. A total of 600 collegians participated in this study. Participants' knowledge was assessed based on their estimation on the energy content of 30 selected food items with their actual-size photo images. Standard portion size of food was based on 2010 Korean Dietary Reference Intakes, and the percentage of participants who accurately estimated (that is, within 20% of the true value) the energy content of the standard portion size was calculated for each food item...
January 2014: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24426009/enrichment-of-pasta-with-different-plant-proteins
#20
Gurpreet Kaur, Savita Sharma, H P S Nagi, P S Ranote
Effects of supplementation of plant proteins from mushroom powder, Bengal gram flour and defatted soy flour at different levels were assessed on the nutritional quality of pasta. Supplementation of wheat semolina was done with mushroom powder (0-12%), Bengal gram flour (0-20%) and defatted soy flour (0-15%). Mushroom powder and defatted soy flour increased the cooking time of pasta whereas non significant variation was observed in cooking time of Bengal gram supplemented pasta. Significant correlation (r = 0...
October 2013: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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