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instant nutrition assessment

Lisa G Pell, Diego G Bassani, Lucy Nyaga, Isaac Njagi, Catherine Wanjiku, Thulasi Thiruchselvam, William Macharia, Ripudaman S Minhas, Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Amyn Lakhani, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Robert Armstrong, Shaun K Morris
BACKGROUND: Each year, more than 200 million children under the age of 5 years, almost all in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), fail to achieve their developmental potential. Risk factors for compromised development often coexist and include inadequate cognitive stimulation, poverty, nutritional deficiencies, infection and complications of being born low birthweight and/or premature. Moreover, many of these risk factors are closely associated with newborn morbidity and mortality...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Tom Deliens, Rob Van Crombruggen, Sofie Verbruggen, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, Peter Clarys
PURPOSE: This study aimed to provide an overview of available literature on interventions aiming to improve dietary intake among university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus were searched for relevant articles. Risk of bias was assessed using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Criteria Checklist for Primary Research. RESULTS: Twenty studies were identified, consisting of 12 randomised controlled trials, 1 quasi-experiment and 7 pre-experiments...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
Jacek Budzyński, Krzysztof Tojek, Beata Czerniak, Zbigniew Banaszkiewicz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We have no "gold standard" for the diagnosis of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of many of the parameters used in nutritional status screening and assessment among inpatients for the prediction of in-hospital mortality, readmission and length of hospitalization. METHODS: On the base of the medical documentation a retrospective analysis was performed of nutritional status screening and assessment parameters for all 20,237 non-selected, consecutive hospitalizations in 15,013 patients over 18 years of age treated in one hospital during the course of one year...
April 4, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Karen E Charlton, Joanna Russell, Emma Gorman, Quentin Hanich, Aurélie Delisle, Brooke Campbell, Johann Bell
BACKGROUND: Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face a double burden of disease, with a high prevalence of household food insecurity and childhood micronutrient deficiencies, accompanied by a burgeoning increase in adult obesity, diabetes and heart disease. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to assess whether increased availability of, and access to, fish improves a) household food security and b) individual nutritional status. RESULTS: A total of 29 studies were reviewed...
2016: BMC Public Health
Carolina Batis, Michelle A Mendez, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Linda Adair, Barry Popkin
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between dietary patterns and diabetes using the strengths of two methods: principal component analysis (PCA) to identify the eating patterns of the population and reduced rank regression (RRR) to derive a pattern that explains the variation in glycated Hb (HbA1c), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and fasting glucose. DESIGN: We measured diet over a 3 d period with 24 h recalls and a household food inventory in 2006 and used it to derive PCA and RRR dietary patterns...
February 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Tae-Hee Kim, Ji-young Choi, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Yongsoon Park
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Dietary patterns are important for the physical and psychological development of adolescent girls. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between dietary patterns and depression in this population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND POPULATION: We conducted a case-control study in a tertiary university hospital of 849 girls aged 12 to 18 years. METHODS: The study was conducted from April 2011 to December 2012...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Ekaterina Volkova, Bruce Neal, Mike Rayner, Boyd Swinburn, Helen Eyles, Yannan Jiang, Jo Michie, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: Interpretive front-of-pack nutrition labels are better understood than non-interpretive labels. However, robust evidence on the effects of such labels on consumer food purchases in the real-world is lacking. Our aim is to assess the effects of two interpretive front-of-pack nutrition labels, compared with a non-interpretive label, on the healthiness of consumer food purchases. METHODS/DESIGN: A five-week (1-week baseline and 4-week intervention) three-arm parallel randomised controlled trial will be conducted using a bespoke smartphone application, which will administer study questionnaires and deliver intervention (Multiple Traffic Light and Health Star Rating) and control (Nutrition Information Panel) labels...
2014: BMC Public Health
Hyo-Jin Kim, Seongbeom Cho, David R Jacobs, Kyong Park
AIMS: Cumulative evidence suggests that coffee consumption may have beneficial effects on metabolic diseases; however, few previous studies have considered the types of coffee consumed and the additives used. We investigated the relationship between coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and its components. METHODS: We analyzed 17,953 Korean adults, aged 19-65 years, using cross-sectional data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2007-2011)...
October 2014: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Hyun Joon Shin, Eunyoung Cho, Hae-Jeung Lee, Teresa T Fung, Eric Rimm, Bernard Rosner, JoAnn E Manson, Kevin Wheelan, Frank B Hu
The consumption of instant noodles is relatively high in Asian populations. It is unclear whether a higher intake of instant noodles is associated with cardiometabolic risk independent of overall dietary patterns. We therefore investigated the association using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV 2007-2009, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of the Korean population with a clustered, multistage, stratified, and rolling sampling design. A total of 10,711 adults (54...
August 2014: Journal of Nutrition
Candida J Rebello, Yi-Fang Chu, William D Johnson, Corby K Martin, Hongmei Han, Nicolas Bordenave, Yuhui Shi, Marianne O'Shea, Frank L Greenway
BACKGROUND: Foods that enhance satiety can help consumers to resist environmental cues to eat, and improve the nutritional quality of their diets. Viscosity generated by oat β-glucan, influences gastrointestinal mechanisms that mediate satiety. Differences in the source, processing treatments, and interactions with other constituents in the food matrix affect the amount, solubility, molecular weight, and structure of the β-glucan in products, which in turn influences the viscosity. This study examined the effect of two types of oatmeal and an oat-based ready-to-eat breakfast cereal (RTEC) on appetite, and assessed differences in meal viscosity and β-glucan characteristics among the cereals...
2014: Nutrition Journal
Ewa Sicińska, Marta Jeruszka-Bielak, Katarzyna Masalska, Sylwester Wronowski
BACKGROUND: Foodstuffs fortified with vitamins and/or minerals are nowadays continually being developed, leading to an increasing diversity of these products being available on the market. This contributes to increased consumption of added nutrients, which can be an effective tool for improving public health. OBJECTIVES: To identify and characterise products fortified with vitamins, available on the Warsaw foodstuff market, which can thereby be used as a source of information for the assessment of dietary micronutrient intake...
2013: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Maysa Helena de A Toloni, Giovana Longo-Silva, Tulio Konstantyner, José Augusto de A C Taddei
OBJECTIVE: To identify the age of introduction of petit suisse cheese and instant noodles in the diet of infants attending nurseries of public day care centers and to compare the nutritional composition of these foods with the healthy recommended diet (breast milk and salt meal) for this age, in order to estimate nutritional errors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 366 children (from nine to 36 months old) who attended day care centers, whose mothers were interviewed about the age of introduction of those foods...
March 2014: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Jin Kim, Hee Jung Lee, Hyun Jung Lee, Sun Ha Lee, Jee-Young Yun, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Mi-Hyun Kim
The purpose of this study is to estimate Korean collegians' knowledge of energy content in the standard portion size of foods frequently consumed in Korea and to investigate the differences in knowledge between gender groups. A total of 600 collegians participated in this study. Participants' knowledge was assessed based on their estimation on the energy content of 30 selected food items with their actual-size photo images. Standard portion size of food was based on 2010 Korean Dietary Reference Intakes, and the percentage of participants who accurately estimated (that is, within 20% of the true value) the energy content of the standard portion size was calculated for each food item...
January 2014: Clinical Nutrition Research
Gurpreet Kaur, Savita Sharma, H P S Nagi, P S Ranote
Effects of supplementation of plant proteins from mushroom powder, Bengal gram flour and defatted soy flour at different levels were assessed on the nutritional quality of pasta. Supplementation of wheat semolina was done with mushroom powder (0-12%), Bengal gram flour (0-20%) and defatted soy flour (0-15%). Mushroom powder and defatted soy flour increased the cooking time of pasta whereas non significant variation was observed in cooking time of Bengal gram supplemented pasta. Significant correlation (r = 0...
October 2013: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Carolina Batis, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Michelle A Mendez, Linda Adair, Barry Popkin
In the present study, we aimed to identify the changes or stability in the structure of dietary patterns and tracking, trends and factors related to the adherence to these dietary patterns in China from 1991 to 2009. We analysed dietary data collected during seven waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey and included 9253 adults with complete dietary data for three or more waves. Dietary intake assessment was carried out over a 3 d period with 24 h recalls and a household food inventory. Using factor analysis in each wave, we found that the structure of the two dietary patterns identified remained stable over the studied period...
April 28, 2014: British Journal of Nutrition
D Gokcek, J-D Tran, A Gonzalez-Aguilar, A Alentorn, A Liou, J-Y Delattre, A Idbaih
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status is a major clinical parameter in multiple cancers. Indeed, nutritional status is a prognostic factor and a predictor of response and toxicity to treatments in breast and lung cancers for instance. To our knowledge, in patients suffering from malignant primary brain tumors, nutritional status has been poorly investigated. METHODS: Nutritional status of 26 glioblastoma patients relapsing after a first line of treatment was studied...
November 2013: Revue Neurologique
Kirang Kim, Sun Min Park, Kyung Won Oh
The objectives of this study were to examine the trend in unhealthy food intake by socioeconomic position (SEP) and to determine whether the government's nutritional policies affect socioeconomic disparity in the food intake among adolescents. Data were from the six independent cross-sectional survey data (2006-2011) of Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey and included 445,287 subjects aged 12-18 years. The unhealthy food intake was assessed by food frequency intake and SEP was evaluated with the family affluence scale...
December 2013: Appetite
Sharifah Intan Zainun Sharif Ishak, Shamarina Shohaimi, Mirnalini Kandiah
The food choices in childhood have high a probability of being carried through into their adulthood life, which then contributes to the risk of many non-communicable diseases. Therefore, there is a need to gather some information about children's views on foods which may influence their food choices for planning a related dietary intervention or programme. This paper aimed to explore the views of children on foods and the types of foods which are usually consumed by children under four food groups (snacks, fast foods, cereals and cereal products; and milk and dairy products) by using focus group discussions...
April 2013: Nutrition Research and Practice
Gretel H Pelto, Margaret Armar-Klemesu, Jonathan Siekmann, Dominic Schofield
The concept of a focused ethnographic study (FES) emerged as a new methodology to answer specific sets of questions that are required by agencies, policymakers, programme planners or by project implementation teams in order to make decisions about future actions with respect to social, public health or nutrition interventions, and for public-private partnership activities. This paper describes the FES on complementary feeding that was commissioned by the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and highlights findings from studies conducted in three very different country contexts (Ghana, South Africa and Afghanistan) burdened by high levels of malnutrition in older infants and young children (IYC)...
January 2013: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Ewa Sicińska, Małgorzata Cholewa
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 belongs to the biologically active compounds related to cyanocobalamin group. The bioavailability of B12 from different food products varies considerably, for example from the chicken meat it ranges from 61 to 66%, from fish meat is 42%, and from eggs below 9% only. The deficiency of vitamin B12 could easily be overcame by the appropriate diet or food supplements. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the fortified with vitamin B12 food products available on the market and to assess the possibilities of increasing the intake of this vitamin by including such products into the daily diet...
2012: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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