Read by QxMD icon Read


Kristine S Alexander, Neil A Zakai, Steven D Lidofsky, Peter W Callas, Suzanne E Judd, Russell P Tracy, Mary Cushman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Liver disease, particularly non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but little is known about its relationship with ischemic stroke. METHODS: In the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort of 30,239 American black and white adults, we assessed baseline NAFLD as fatty liver index (FLI) >60, and assessed liver biomarkers aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), and the AST/ALT ratio and risk of incident ischemic stroke over 5...
2018: PloS One
Janine Kröger, Karina Meidtner, Norbert Stefan, Marcela Guevara, Nicola D Kerrison, Eva Ardanaz, Dagfinn Aune, Heiner Boeing, Miren Dorronsoro, Courtney Dow, Guy Fagherazzi, Paul W Franks, Heinz Freisling, Marc J Gunter, José María Huerta, Rudolf Kaaks, Timothy J Key, Kay Tee Khaw, Vittorio Krogh, Tilman Kühn, Francesca Romana Mancini, Amalia Mattiello, Peter M Nilsson, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Domenico Palli, J Ramón Quirós, Olov Rolandsson, Carlotta Sacerdote, Núria Sala, Elena Salamanca-Fernández, Ivonne Sluijs, Annemieke Mw Spijkerman, Anne Tjonneland, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Rosario Tumino, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Nita G Forouhi, Stephen J Sharp, Claudia Langenberg, Elio Riboli, Matthias B Schulze, Nicholas J Wareham
Fetuin-A, a hepatic-origin protein, is strongly positively associated with risk of type 2 diabetes in human observational studies, but it is unknown whether this association is causal. We aimed to study the potential causal relation of circulating fetuin-A to risk of type 2 diabetes in a Mendelian Randomization study with SNPs located in the fetuin-A-encoding AHSG gene. We used data from eight European countries of the prospective EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study including 10,020 incident cases. Plasma fetuin-A concentration was measured in a subset of 965 subcohort participants and 654 cases...
March 9, 2018: Diabetes
Bhupesh Panwar, Suzanne E Judd, Virginia G Wadley, Nancy S Jenny, Virginia J Howard, Monika M Safford, Orlando M Gutiérrez
Importance: Higher circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentrations are associated with cardiovascular disease events linked to heart failure, but associations of FGF23 with coronary heart disease (CHD) have been less consistent. Objective: To determine the association of plasma FGF23 concentrations with incident CHD and whether this association differs by race, sex, or chronic kidney disease status. Design, Setting, and Participants: We examined the association of FGF23 concentrations with incident CHD risk within the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study, a prospective cohort of black and white adults 45 years and older enrolled between January 2003 and October 2007 with follow-up through December 31, 2011...
March 7, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Sanjeev Budhathoki, Akihisa Hidaka, Taiki Yamaji, Norie Sawada, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Aya Kuchiba, Hadrien Charvat, Atsushi Goto, Satoshi Kojima, Natsuki Sudo, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane, Motoki Iwasaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between pre-diagnostic circulating vitamin D concentration and the subsequent risk of overall and site specific cancer in a large cohort study. DESIGN: Nested case-cohort study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study cohort. SETTING: Nine public health centre areas across Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 3301 incident cases of cancer and 4044 randomly selected subcohort participants...
March 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Fiona J Rowe, Lauren R Hepworth, Kerry L Hanna, Claire Howard
OBJECTIVE: To report and evaluate a new Vision Impairment Screening Assessment (VISA) tool intended for use by the stroke team to improve identification of visual impairment in stroke survivors. DESIGN: Prospective case cohort comparative study. SETTING: Stroke units at two secondary care hospitals and one tertiary centre. PARTICIPANTS: 116 stroke survivors were screened, 62 by naïve and 54 by non-naïve screeners. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Both the VISA screening tool and the comprehensive specialist vision assessment measured case history, visual acuity, eye alignment, eye movements, visual field and visual inattention...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
K Kragholm, M P Andersen, R N Mortensen, L F Bech, C Polcwiartek, C Rohde, C Torp-Pedersen, P Videbech, J Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Data on special education in offspring exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in utero are lacking. We examined associations of in utero SSRI exposure with special education needs and delayed elementary school start. METHODS: A population-based case-cohort study using Danish nationwide birth and prescription registry data from 2005 to 2008. Follow-up ends during 2011-2015 to capture special education needs during and delayed entry to the first elementary school year...
February 25, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Isaac Subirana, Montserrat Fitó, Oscar Diaz, Joan Vila, Albert Francés, Eva Delpon, Juan Sanchis, Roberto Elosua, Daniel Muñoz-Aguayo, Irene R Dégano, Jaume Marrugat
The effect of circulating biomarkers in predicting coronary artery disease (CAD) is not fully elucidated. This study aimed to determine the relationship with CAD and the predictive capacity of nine biomarkers of inflammation (TNF-α, IL-10, IL-6, MCP-1, CRP), oxidation (GHS-Px), and metabolism (adiponectin, leptin, and insulin). This was a case-cohort study, within the REGICOR population-cohorts (North-Eastern Spain), of 105 CAD cases and 638 individuals randomly selected from a cohort of 5,404 participants aged 35-74 years (mean follow-up = 6...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Janneke G F Hogervorst, Piet A van den Brandt, Roger W L Godschalk, Frederik-Jan van Schooten, Leo J Schouten
PURPOSE: The association between dietary acrylamide intake and estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer risk in epidemiological studies is inconsistent. By analyzing gene-acrylamide interactions for ER+ breast cancer risk, we aimed to clarify the role of acrylamide intake in ER+ breast cancer etiology. METHODS: The prospective Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer includes 62,573 women, aged 55-69 years. At baseline, a random subcohort of 2589 women was sampled from the total cohort for a case-cohort analysis approach...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
S L Samuels, L F Surrey, C P Hawkes, M Amberge, S Mostoufi-Moab, J E Langer, N S Adzick, K Kazahaya, T Bhatti, Z Baloch, V A LiVolsi, A J Bauer
Context: In adults, non-invasive follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) is considered low risk for metastasis and persistent/recurrent disease. Objective: The goal of this study was to assess the clinical, sonographic, and histopathological features of FVPTC in a pediatric cohort. Design: A retrospective review of subjects < 19 years of age with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) who underwent thyroidectomy between January 2010 and July 2015...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jane N Eriksen, August P Prahm, Mads Krüger Falk, Eva Arrigoni, Palle B Jeppesen, Michael Larsen, Lars O Dragsted
Reduced absorption capacity in patients with intestinal resections (IR) could result in malabsorption of fat-soluble components like carotenoids, which are of clinical interest in relation to visual health. In this case cohort, we investigated the association between IR and serum lutein, zeaxanthin, β-carotene and macular pigment optical density, when compared with healthy controls. Ten patients with IR and twelve healthy controls were included in the study. Baseline characteristics were comparable between groups, except for higher serum TAG (P < 0·05) and shorter bowel length (P < 0·0001) in the group with IR...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
Xiao-Ping Li, Jian-Yun Lan, Dong-Qin Liu, Hang Zhou, Miao-Miao Qian, Wei-Wei Wang, Man Yang
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association study (GWAS) studies have showed that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in OCA2 gene were associated with the survival of breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. To further explain the association between OCA2 SNPs and breast cancer survival, we investigated the predictive value of rs4778137 located in OCA2 in local advanced breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-cohort with 150 breast cancer patients was performed to evaluate the effects of the OCA2 rs4778137 on breast cancer survival...
February 1, 2018: Gene
Chao-Guo You, Xue-Sheng Zheng
OBJECTIVES: Pneumocephalus is a common operative complication of chronic subdural hematoma. This study is to analyze the relationship between postoperative pneumocephalus and the recurrence and surgical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case-cohort study, including a pneumocephalus group (n = 46) and a control group (n = 181). Their recurrence rates, CT attenuation values, hospital stay, healing time and the neurological status were recorded and analyzed...
January 29, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Kenneth A Scott, Qing Liao, Gwenith G Fisher, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Emile Tompa
BACKGROUND: Severity of workplace injury tends to increase with age. Whether older workers who experience a workplace injury or illness exit the labor force sooner than comparable peers is not established. METHODS: A case-cohort study design and complementary log-log model were used to identify factors associated with average time to early substantial labor force exit among workers' compensation claimants 50-64 years of age with permanent impairment from an occupational injury or illness...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Manoosh Zendehdel, Babak Niakan, Abbasali Keshtkar, Elahe Rafiei, Fatemeh Salamat
Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease. Benign breast disease (BBD) is one of the most important risk factors for breast cancer. The etiology of BBD is unknown. It is divided into nonproliferative and proliferative diseases. The selection of studies will be based on titles, abstract screening, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and quality assessment. Previous studies have shown that all types of BBD increase the risk of breast cancer, but the risk degree is different for each one. Accurate risk estimation of breast cancer in each category can be very important for proper clinical management...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Nadine S M Offermans, Shannon M Ketcham, Piet A van den Brandt, Matty P Weijenberg, Colinda C J M Simons
The alcohol-colorectal cancer (CRC) association may differ by sex and ADH1B and ADH1C genotypes. ADH enzymes oxidize ethanol to acetaldehyde, both of which are human carcinogens. The Netherlands Cohort Study includes 120,852 participants, aged 55-69 years at baseline (1986), and has 20.3 years follow-up (case-cohort: nsubcohort=4,774; ncases=4,597). The baseline questionnaire included questions on alcohol intake at baseline and five years before. Using toenail DNA, available for ~75% of the cohort, we successfully genotyped 6 ADH1B and 6 ADH1C SNPs (nsubcohort=3,897; ncases=3,558)...
January 30, 2018: Carcinogenesis
Daniel A Quintana Pacheco, Disorn Sookthai, Clemens Wittenbecher, Mirja E Graf, Ruth Schübel, Theron Johnson, Verena Katzke, Paula Jakszyn, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn
Background: High iron load and red meat consumption could increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). As red meat is the main source of heme iron, which is in turn a major determinant of increased iron load, adverse cardiometabolic effects of meat consumption could be mediated by increased iron load. Objective: The object of the study was to assess whether associations between red meat consumption and CVD risk are mediated by iron load in a population-based human study...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Piet A van den Brandt
Coffee and tea intake have been associated with reduced mortality, but no studies have investigated possible substitution effects. The relationship of mortality with coffee, tea, and substituting coffee with tea was investigated in the Netherlands Cohort Study. In 1986, 120,852 men and women aged 55-69 years provided information on dietary and lifestyle habits. Mortality follow-up until 1996 consisted of linkage to Statistics Netherlands. Multivariate case-cohort analyses were based on 8665 deaths and 3166 subcohort members with complete data on coffee, tea and confounders...
January 27, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
Sumaiya Adam, Carmen Pheiffer, Stephanie Dias, Paul Rheeder
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between markers of insulin resistance, chronic inflammation, and adipokines and GDM. METHODS: In our case-cohort study in Johannesburg we included women with GDM and controls. We tested the ability of biomarkers to identify women at high risk of GDM. RESULTS: Of the 262 pregnant women, 83 (31.7%) had GDM. Women with GDM were heavier (p = 0.04) and had more clinical risk factors (p = 0.008)...
January 24, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Lisette Nieuwenhuis, Piet A van den Brandt
BACKGROUND: Nut intake has been associated with decreased cancer-related mortality, but few studies have examined the potential of nuts in the chemoprevention of pancreatic cancer. We prospectively investigated the association of total nut, tree nut, peanut, and peanut butter consumption with pancreatic cancer risk. METHODS: In the Netherlands Cohort Study, 120,852 men and women completed a baseline questionnaire, including a food frequency questionnaire, in 1986...
January 22, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Craig S Knott, Annie Britton, Steven Bell
Background: Non-linear associations have been reported between baseline measures of alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, given that drinking varies over the adult life course, we investigated whether differences existed in the longitudinal trajectory of alcohol consumption according to T2DM status. Methods: For a case-cohort (916 incident cases; 7376 controls) of British civil servants nested within the Whitehall II cohort, the self-reported weekly volume of alcohol consumption was traced backwards from the date of diagnosis or censoring to the beginning of the study, covering a period of up to 28 years...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"