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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905981/correlates-of-meal-skipping-in-young-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Felicity J Pendergast, Katherine M Livingstone, Anthony Worsley, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Meal skipping rates may be highest during young adulthood, a period of transition and development. Although these dietary behaviours may increase future risk of chronic disease, limited research has investigated correlates of meal skipping in young adults. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that investigated correlates of meal skipping behaviours in young adults (aged 18-30 years). EBSCO host, MEDLINE Complete, Global Health, Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Science and Informit platforms were searched for eligible articles...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903183/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannomas-average-10-year-follow-up-results-focusing-on-long-term-hearing-preservation
#2
Shinya Watanabe, Masaaki Yamamoto, Takuya Kawabe, Takao Koiso, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Akira Matsumura, Hidetoshi Kasuya
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to reappraise long-term treatment outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for vestibular schwannomas (VSs). The authors used a database that included patients who underwent SRS with a unique dose-planning technique, i.e., partial tumor coverage designed to avoid excess irradiation of the facial and cochlear nerves, focusing on tumor control and hearing preservation. Clinical factors associated with post-SRS tumor control and long-term hearing preservation were also analyzed...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902644/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#3
Golnaz Vaseghi, Shaghayegh Haghjoo-Javanmard, Jamal Naderi, Azadeh Eshraghi, Manijeh Mahdavi, Marjan Mansourian
Several epidemiological studies have evaluated the associations between coffee consumption and the risk of skin cancer; however, the results were not conclusive. This systematic review and meta-analysis of the cohort and case-control studies was carried out to determine the association between coffee intake and the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer. Studies were identified by searching the PubMed and MEDLINE databases (to November 2015). Study-specific risk estimates were pooled under the random-effects model...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900633/two-phase-outcome-dependent-studies-for-failure-times-and-testing-for-effects-of-expensive-covariates
#4
J F Lawless
Two- or multi-phase study designs are often used in settings involving failure times. In most studies, whether or not certain covariates are measured on an individual depends on their failure time and status. For example, when failures are rare, case-cohort or case-control designs are used to increase the number of failures relative to a random sample of the same size. Another scenario is where certain covariates are expensive to measure, so they are obtained only for selected individuals in a cohort. This paper considers such situations and focuses on cases where we wish to test hypotheses of no association between failure time and expensive covariates...
November 29, 2016: Lifetime Data Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899397/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-the-risk-of-stroke-a-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Ann D Morgan, Chetna Sharma, Kieran J Rothnie, Jennifer K Quint
INTRODUCTION: There is good evidence to suggest that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases the risk of ischaemic heart disease, in particular myocardial infarction (MI). The relationship between stroke and COPD, however, is not as well established, and studies conducted to date have generated conflicting results. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: MEDLINE and Embase will be searched for relevant articles using a prespecified search strategy. We will target observational studies conducted in the general population that employ either a longitudinal cohort or case-control study design to estimate ORs, HRs or incident rate ratios for the association between COPD and a subsequent first stroke...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896982/predictive-modeling-of-hospital-readmission-rates-using-electronic-medical-record-wide-machine-learning-a-case-study-using-mount-sinai-heart-failure-cohort
#6
Khader Shameer, Kipp W Johnson, Alexandre Yahi, Riccardo Miotto, L I Li, Doran Ricks, Jebakumar Jebakaran, Patricia Kovatch, Partho P Sengupta, Sengupta Gelijns, Alan Moskovitz, Bruce Darrow, David L David, Andrew Kasarskis, Nicholas P Tatonetti, Sean Pinney, Joel T Dudley
Reduction of preventable hospital readmissions that result from chronic or acute conditions like stroke, heart failure, myocardial infarction and pneumonia remains a significant challenge for improving the outcomes and decreasing the cost of healthcare delivery in the United States. Patient readmission rates are relatively high for conditions like heart failure (HF) despite the implementation of high-quality healthcare delivery operation guidelines created by regulatory authorities. Multiple predictive models are currently available to evaluate potential 30-day readmission rates of patients...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895808/mendelian-inheritance-of-trimodal-cpg-methylation-sites-suggests-distal-cis-acting-genetic-effects
#7
Shaza B Zaghlool, Mashael Al-Shafai, Wadha A Al Muftah, Pankaj Kumar, Christian Gieger, Melanie Waldenberger, Mario Falchi, Karsten Suhre
BACKGROUND: Environmentally influenced phenotypes, such as obesity and insulin resistance, can be transmitted over multiple generations. Epigenetic modifications, such as methylation of DNA cytosine-guanine (CpG) pairs, may be carriers of inherited information. At the population level, the methylation state of such "heritable" CpG sites is expected to follow a trimodal distribution, and their mode of inheritance should be Mendelian. METHODS: Using the Illumina Infinium 450 K DNA methylation array, we determined DNA CpG-methylation in blood cells from a family cohort 123 individuals of Arab ethnicity, including 18 elementary father-mother-child trios, we asked whether Mendelian inheritance of CpG methylation is observed, and most importantly, whether it is independent of any genetic signals...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889548/impact-of-physician-adherence-to-colonoscopy-surveillance-guidelines-on-interval-colon-cancer
#8
Jennifer Nayor, John R Saltzman, Emily J Campbell, Molly L Perencevich, Kunal Jajoo, James M Richter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Interval colorectal cancer (iCRC) incidence is the criterion standard benchmark for measuring the effectiveness of colonoscopy. Colonoscopy surveillance guidelines are designed to minimize iCRC cases. Our aims were to (1) describe characteristics of iCRC patients; and (2) assess if development of iCRC is related to colonoscopy surveillance guideline intervals. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of post-colonoscopy iCRC cases in a large healthcare system...
November 23, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889223/laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-initial-experience-with-3d-vision-laparoscopy-and-articulating-shears
#9
Hiba Abou-Haidar, Talal Al-Qaoud, Roman Jednak, Alex Brzezinski, Mohamed El-Sherbiny, John-Paul Capolicchio
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic reconstructive surgery is associated with a steep learning curve related to the use of two-dimensional (2D) vision and rigid instruments. With the advent of robotic surgery, three-dimensional (3D) vision, and articulated instruments, this learning curve has been facilitated. We present a hybrid alternative to robotic surgery, using laparoscopy with 3D vision and articulated shears. OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of children undergoing pyeloplasty using 3D laparoscopy with articulated instruments with those undergoing the same surgery using standard laparoscopy with 2D vision and rigid instruments...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888270/cerebellar-volume-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-replication-study
#10
Aleksandra Wyciszkiewicz, Mikolaj A Pawlak, Krzysztof Krawiec
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with altered cerebellar volume and cerebellum is associated with cognitive performance. However there are mixed results regarding the cerebellar volume in young patients with ADHD. To clarify the size and direction of this effect, we conducted the analysis on the large public database of brain images. The aim of this study was to confirm that cerebellar volume in ADHD is smaller than in control subjects in currently the largest publicly available cohort of ADHD subjects...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879656/fish-consumption-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-incidence-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#11
REVIEW
Wei Zhu, Yan Wu, Yi-Fang Meng, Qian Xing, Jian-Jun Tao, Jiong Lu
The association between fish consumption and risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is still unclear. The aim of the current meta-analysis and systematic review was to quantitatively evaluate findings from observational studies on fish consumption and the risk of AMD. Relevant studies were identified by searching electronic databases (Medline and EMBASE) and reviewing the reference lists of relevant articles up to August, 2016. Prospective cohort studies that reported relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the link between fish consumption and risk of AMD were included...
November 22, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879517/dux4-immunohistochemistry-is-a-highly-sensitive-and-specific-marker-for-cic-dux4-fusion-positive-round-cell-tumor
#12
Bradford Siegele, Jon Roberts, Jennifer O Black, Erin Rudzinski, Sara O Vargas, Csaba Galambos
The histologic differential diagnosis of pediatric and adult round cell tumors is vast and includes the recently recognized entity CIC-DUX4 fusion-positive round cell tumor. The diagnosis of CIC-DUX4 tumor can be suggested by light microscopic and immunohistochemical features, but currently, definitive diagnosis requires ancillary genetic testing such as conventional karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization, or molecular methods. We sought to determine whether DUX4 expression would serve as a fusion-specific immunohistochemical marker distinguishing CIC-DUX4 tumor from potential histologic mimics...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878819/vitiligo-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#13
REVIEW
Y Lai, Y W Yew, C Kennedy, R A Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a common depigmenting disorder with profound psychosocial impacts. Previous observational studies have suggested a link between vitiligo and psychiatric morbidity such as depression. Variability in study design, however, makes it difficult to accurately quantify the relationship between vitiligo and depression. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the underlying prevalence and risk of depression among vitiligo patients. METHODS: A comprehensive search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane library databases was conducted...
November 23, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878461/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-among-children-in-iran
#14
Dalileh Aslani, Mostafa Salehi-Vaziri, Vahid Baniasadi, Tahmineh Jalali, Sanam Azad-Manjiri, Tahereh Mohammadi, Sahar Khakifirouz, Mehdi Fazlalipour
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral zoonotic disease which is endemic in Iran. The etiological agent of CCHF is an RNA virus belonging to the genus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae. CCHF virus (CCHFV) can be transmitted to humans through bites from infected ticks and direct contact with infected blood or tissues. Although the disease has been observed in different age groups, the rate of disease is lower in children and elderly. This study was designed to characterize CCHFV-infected children in Iran...
November 22, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876302/the-risk-of-melanoma-and-hematologic-cancers-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#15
Shivani P Reddy, Kathryn Martires, Jashin J Wu
BACKGROUND: The risk of melanoma and hematologic cancers in patients with psoriasis is controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the risk of melanoma and hematologic cancers in patients with psoriasis, and the association with different treatments. METHODS: We used case-control and retrospective cohort designs to determine melanoma or hematologic cancer risk in patients with psoriasis. Risk with treatment type was assessed using Fisher exact test...
November 19, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875542/educational-outreach-with-an-integrated-clinical-tool-for-nurse-led-non-communicable-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-care-in-south-africa-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Lara R Fairall, Naomi Folb, Venessa Timmerman, Carl Lombard, Krisela Steyn, Max O Bachmann, Eric D Bateman, Crick Lund, Ruth Cornick, Gill Faris, Thomas Gaziano, Daniella Georgeu-Pepper, Merrick Zwarenstein, Naomi S Levitt
BACKGROUND: In many low-income countries, care for patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and mental health conditions is provided by nurses. The benefits of nurse substitution and supplementation in NCD care in high-income settings are well recognised, but evidence from low- and middle-income countries is limited. Primary Care 101 (PC101) is a programme designed to support and expand nurses' role in NCD care, comprising educational outreach to nurses and a clinical management tool with enhanced prescribing provisions...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875083/outcome-in-cats-with-benign-ureteral-obstructions-treated-by-means-of-ureteral-stenting-versus-ureterotomy
#17
William T N Culp, Carrie A Palm, Christine Hsueh, Philipp D Mayhew, Geraldine B Hunt, Eric G Johnson, Kenneth J Drobatz
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the outcome for cats with benign ureteral obstructions treated by means of ureteral stenting and to compare the outcome for these cats with outcome for a historical cohort of cats treated by means of ureterotomy only. DESIGN Prospective study with historical cohort. ANIMALS 62 client-owned cats with benign ureteral obstructions, including 26 cats treated with ureteral stenting and 36 cats previously treated with ureterotomy. PROCEDURES Data were recorded prospectively (ureteral stent cases) or collected retrospectively from the medical records (ureterotomy cases), and results were compared...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874276/prenatal-toxoplasmosis-antibody-and-childhood-autism
#18
Marisa N Spann, Andre Sourander, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Alan S Brown
There is evidence that some maternal infections during the prenatal period are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, such as childhood autism. However, the association between autism and Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), an intracellular parasite, remains unclear. The authors examined whether serologically confirmed maternal antibodies to T. gondii are associated with odds of childhood autism in offspring. The study is based on a nested case-control design of a large national birth cohort (N = 1.2 million) and the national psychiatric registries in Finland...
November 22, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872124/incidence-mechanisms-and-severity-of-match-related-collegiate-men-s-soccer-injuries-on-fieldturf-and-natural-grass-surfaces-a-6-year-prospective-study
#19
Michael C Meyers
BACKGROUND: Numerous injuries have been attributed to playing on artificial turf. More recently, newer generations of artificial turf have been developed to duplicate the playing characteristics of natural grass. Although artificial turf has been deemed safer than natural grass in some studies, few long-term studies have been conducted comparing match-related collegiate soccer injuries between the 2 playing surfaces. HYPOTHESIS: Collegiate male soccer athletes do not experience any difference in the incidence, mechanisms, or severity of match-related injuries between FieldTurf and natural grass...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871280/comparing-conventional-radiotherapy-with-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-spinal-metastases-study-protocol-for-an-randomized-controlled-trial-following-the-cohort-multiple-randomized-controlled-trial-design
#20
Joanne M van der Velden, Helena M Verkooijen, Enrica Seravalli, Jochem Hes, A Sophie Gerlich, Nicolien Kasperts, Wietse S C Eppinga, Jorrit-Jan Verlaan, Marco van Vulpen
BACKGROUND: Standard radiotherapy is the treatment of first choice in patients with symptomatic spinal metastases, but is only moderately effective. Stereotactic body radiation therapy is increasingly used to treat spinal metastases, without randomized evidence of superiority over standard radiotherapy. The VERTICAL study aims to quantify the effect of stereotactic radiation therapy in patients with metastatic spinal disease. METHODS/DESIGN: This study follows the 'cohort multiple Randomized Controlled Trial' design...
November 21, 2016: BMC Cancer
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