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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087231/psychosocial-outcome-in-adult-men-born-with-hypospadias
#1
L Örtqvist, M Andersson, A Strandqvist, A Nordenström, L Frisén, G Holmdahl, A Nordenskjöld
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias, which is a surgically treated congenital malformation of the male urethra, may have a negative impact on quality of life. This aspect has previously been subject to limited research. This study examined the long-term psychosocial outcome of a large cohort of adult males born with hypospadias. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case-control study was to assess a possible negative influence on the psychosocial outcome in adult males with hypospadias...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086796/prophylaxis-of-post-erc-infectious-complications-in-patients-with-biliary-obstruction-by-adding-antimicrobial-agents-into-erc-contrast-media-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#2
Hella Wobser, Agnetha Gunesch, Frank Klebl
BACKGROUND: Patients with biliary obstruction are at high risk to develop septic complications after endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC). We evaluated the benefits of local application of antimicrobial agents into ERC contrast media in preventing post-ERC infectious complications in a high-risk study population. METHODS: Patients undergoing ERC at our tertiary referral center were retrospectively included. Addition of vancomycin, gentamicin and fluconazol into ERC contrast media was evaluated in a case-control design...
January 13, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080187/early-life-risk-factors-for-testicular-cancer-a-case-cohort-study-based-on-the-copenhagen-school-health-records-register
#3
Johanne Spanggaard Piltoft, Signe Benzon Larsen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Christoffer Johansen, Jennifer L Baker, Luise Cederkvist, Ingelise Andersen
PURPOSE: One established risk factors for testicular cancer is cryptorchidism. However, it remains unclear whether cryptorchidism is a risk factor in itself or whether the two conditions share common causes in early life (estrogen hypothesis), such as birth weight and birth order. The objective of this study is to utilize data from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register (CSHRR) to evaluate cryptorchidism, birth weight and birth order as risk factors for testicular cancer. METHODS: The study population consisted of 408 cases of testicular cancer identified by a government issued identification number linkage of the entire CSHRR with the Danish Cancer Registry and a random subsample of 4819 males from the CSHRR...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079864/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-pulmonary-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#4
G Al-Ghanem, P Shah, S Thomas, L Banfield, S El Helou, C Fusch, A Mukerji
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a complication of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) but the true impact of PH in patients with BPD remains unclear. We sought to systematically review and meta-analyze incidence of PH in BPD and compare clinical outcomes of BPD patients with PH to those without PH in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Medline, Embase, PsychINFO and CINAHL were searched from January 2000 through December 2015. Cohort, case-control and randomized studies were included...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079675/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-dementia
#5
Orestes V Forlenza, Júlia Cunha Loureiro, Marcos Vasconcelos Pais, Florindo Stella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present article addresses intriguing questions related to the clinical intervention in distinct neuropsychiatric syndromes of patients with dementia. RECENT FINDINGS: We reviewed 154 articles published between 2015 and 2016 targeting psychopharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions, and safety-tolerability concerns. We selected 115 articles addressing the purpose of this study. Of these, 33 were chosen because they were dedicated to subtopics: agitation (42), depression (33), apathy (18), sleep disorders/anxiety (8), and psychosis (4)...
January 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079603/genital-use-of-talc-and-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#6
Wera Berge, Kenneth Mundt, Hung Luu, Paolo Boffetta
Some epidemiological studies suggest an association between genital use of talc powders and increased risk of ovarian cancer, but the evidence is not consistent. We performed a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies to formally evaluate this suspected association. A systematic search was conducted in Medline, Embase, and Scopus, leading to the identification of 24 case-control studies and three cohort studies, including 302 705 women with ovarian cancer. In the meta-analysis, we used a random-effect model to calculate summary estimates of the association between genital use of talc and occurrence of ovarian cancer...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076834/risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Tao Xu, Xinyuan Yu, Shu Ou, Xi Liu, Jinxian Yuan, Hao Huang, Juan Yang, Liang He, Yangmei Chen
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to identify risk factors for posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE). METHODS: Two electronic databases (Medline and Embase) were searched to identify studies with a cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional design reporting on epidemiologic evidence regarding risk factors for PTE. RESULTS: Men had a higher risk of developing PTE than women [relative ratio (RR), 1.32; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1...
January 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074566/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-rationale-program-overview-and-cross-site-evaluation
#8
Jeremy W Bray, Frances K Del Boca, Bonnie G McRee, Susan W Hayashi, Thomas F Babor
AIMS: Since 2003, the US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (SAMHSA, CSAT) has awarded 32 Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grants to states, territories and tribal organizations to enhance services for persons with, or at risk for, substance use disorders. The grants supported an expansion of the continuum of care to include screening, brief intervention, brief treatment and referral to treatment in general medical and community settings...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073900/the-longer-the-better-an-empirical-study-of-the-extent-and-mechanisms-of-attenuating-biomarker-associations-in-cardiovascular-patient-cohorts
#9
Lutz P Breitling, Ute Mons, Harry Hahmann, Wolfgang Koenig, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: Identifying novel risk markers in cardiovascular patients remains a research priority. Longer follow-up generally is considered favorable in such studies, but associations of interest may become attenuated with increasing follow-up. This issue has not been adequately addressed in the context of patient cohorts. The current study analyzed the extent and mechanisms of attenuating associations in a cardiovascular patient cohort. METHODS: The associations of numerous biomarkers with all-cause mortality were estimated by multiple Cox regression in the Langzeiterfolge der KARdiOLogischen Anschlussheilbehandlung (KAROLA) prospective cohort study of 1204 patients who had participated in an inpatient rehabilitation program after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or coronary bypass operation...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072858/proton-pump-inhibitors-do-not-reduce-the-risk-of-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-in-patients-with-barrett-s-esophagus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Qiang Hu, Tian-Tian Sun, Jie Hong, Jing-Yuan Fang, Hua Xiong, Stephen J Meltzer
OBJECTIVES: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been used for treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE) for many years. However, the connection between PPIs and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in patients with BE has still been controversial. The current systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the association between PPIs and the risk of EAC or high-grade dysplasia (HGD) in patients with BE. METHODS: A systematic literature search of studies reporting the association between PPIs and the risk of EAC and/or HGD in patients with BE was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072800/modified-percutaneous-lumbar-foraminoplasty-and-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-instrument-design-technique-notes-and-5-years-follow-up
#11
Zhen-Zhou Li, Shu-Xun Hou, Wei-Lin Shang, Ke-Ran Song, Hong-Liang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Conventional percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) with an "inside-outside" technique has 4.3% - 10.3% surgical failure rate, especially in central herniated discs (HDs), migrated HDs, and axillary type HDs. PELD with foraminoplasty has been used for complex HDs. Percutaneous lumbar foraminoplasty (PLF), which is performed with a trephine or bone reamer introduced over a guidewire without a protective working cannula in the original Tessys technique, can quickly cut the hypertrophied bony structure under fluoroscopic guidance, and risk injury to the exiting and traversing nerve roots...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070638/red-and-processed-meat-consumption-and-risk-of-bladder-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-studies
#12
Alessio Crippa, Susanna C Larsson, Andrea Discacciati, Alicja Wolk, Nicola Orsini
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several epidemiological studies have analyzed the associations between red and processed meat and bladder cancer risk but the shape and strength of the associations are still unclear. Therefore, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to quantify the potential association between red and processed meat and bladder cancer risk. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching the PubMed database through January 2016 and reviewing the reference lists of the retrieved articles...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070601/use-of-antidepressants-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#13
A Biffi, L Scotti, G Corrao
PURPOSE: This study aims to systematically review studies quantifying the associations between antidepressants (ADs) use and the risk of cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. METHODS: Medline was searched to October 2015 for full text articles in English. Prospective cohort and case-control studies were admitted if they investigated the relationship between current use of ADs as a whole, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and the onset CV events...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068972/an-underlying-diagnosis-of-osteonecrosis-of-bone-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes-than-osteoarthritis-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Jasvinder A Singh, Jason Chen, Maria C S Inacio, Robert S Namba, Elizabeth W Paxton
BACKGROUND: Well-designed studies of complications and readmission rates in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) with osteonecrosis are lacking. Our objective was to examine if a diagnosis of osteonecrosis was associated with complications, mortality and readmission rates after THA. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data from an integrated healthcare system's Total Joint Replacement Registry of adults with osteonecrosis vs. osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing unilateral primary THA during 2001-2012, in an observational cohort study...
January 9, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068914/mumps-transmission-in-social-networks-a-cohort-study
#15
Susan Hahné, Tessa Schurink, Jacco Wallinga, Jeroen Kerkhof, Marianne van der Sande, Rob van Binnendijk, Hester de Melker
BACKGROUND: Mumps emerged among highly vaccinated populations in the Netherlands. This offered a unique opportunity to study mumps virus transmission. In particular the extent to which asymptomatic infections in vaccinated people contribute to ongoing mumps virus transmission is uncertain. Insight into this could help project the future burden of mumps in vaccinated populations. We therefore studied the relative infectiousness of symptomatic and asymptomatic cases. METHODS: In a cohort study we followed contacts of notified mumps cases (ring 1) and contacts' contacts (ring 2) for 40 days to ascertain symptoms of mumps and social contacts by weekly diaries and questionnaires, and mumps virus infections by taking finger stick dried blood spot specimens (DBS) that were tested for mumps-specific IgG antibodies...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067709/factors-associated-with-risk-of-neurologic-complications-after-peripheral-nerve-blocks-a-systematic-review
#16
Rakesh V Sondekoppam, Ban C H Tsui
The onset of neurologic complications after regional anesthesia is a complex process and may result from an interaction of host, agent, and environmental risk factors. The purpose of this systematic review was examine the qualitative evidence relating to various risk factors implicated in neurologic dysfunction after peripheral nerve block (PNB). The MEDLINE, OVID, and EMBASE databases were primary sources for literature. Cochrane, LILACS, DARE, IndMed, ERIC, NHS, and HTA via Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD; York University) databases were searched for additional unique results...
January 5, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064207/rheumatoid-arthritis-is-getting-less-frequent-results-of-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Abhishek Abhishek, Michael Doherty, Chang-Fu Kuo, Christian D Mallen, Weiya Zhang, Matthew J Grainge
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to examine changes in the incidence and prevalence of RA between 1990 and 2014 and to explore if there is any geographic variation in the incidence and prevalence of RA in the UK. METHODS: This was a primary care-based prospective cohort study. People contributing acceptable data to Clinical Practice Research Datalink between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2014 were included. Read codes were used to identify RA cases ⩾18 years of age...
January 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061505/effectiveness-of-the-23-valent-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-ppv23-against-pneumococcal-disease-in-the-elderly-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Gerhard Falkenhorst, Cornelius Remschmidt, Thomas Harder, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ole Wichmann, Christian Bogdan
BACKGROUND: Routine vaccination of elderly people against pneumococcal diseases is recommended in many countries. National guidelines differ, recommending either the 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23), the 13-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV13) or both. Considering the ongoing debate on the effectiveness of PPV23, we performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of the vaccine efficacy/effectiveness (VE) of PPV23 against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and pneumococcal pneumonia in adults aged ≥60 years living in industrialized countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057044/tuberous-sclerosis-registry-to-increase-disease-awareness-tosca-baseline-data-on-2093-patients
#19
John C Kingswood, Guillaume B d'Augères, Elena Belousova, José C Ferreira, Tom Carter, Ramon Castellana, Vincent Cottin, Paolo Curatolo, Maria Dahlin, Petrus J de Vries, Martha Feucht, Carla Fladrowski, Gabriella Gislimberti, Christoph Hertzberg, Sergiusz Jozwiak, John A Lawson, Alfons Macaya, Rima Nabbout, Finbar O'Callaghan, Mirjana P Benedik, Jiong Qin, Ruben Marques, Valentin Sander, Matthias Sauter, Yukitoshi Takahashi, Renaud Touraine, Sotiris Youroukos, Bernard Zonnenberg, Anna C Jansen
BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder. Many gaps remain in the understanding of TSC because of the complexity in clinical presentation. The TuberOus SClerosis registry to increase disease Awareness (TOSCA) is an international disease registry designed to address knowledge gaps in the natural history and management of TSC. Here, we present the baseline data of TOSCA cohort. METHODS: Patients of any age diagnosed with TSC, having a documented visit for TSC within the preceding 12 months, or newly diagnosed individuals were included...
January 5, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056267/-association-between-eye-absent-homolog-4-gene-polymorphisms-and-occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#20
Q Y Yang, X R Xu, J Jiao, Y X Zheng, L H He, S F Yu, G Z Gu, G S Chen, W H Zhou, H Wu, Y H Li, H L Zhang, Z R Zhang
Objective: To identify the association between genetic polymorphisms in the eye absent homolog 4 (EYA4) gene and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Method: A nested case control study was conducted based on a cohort of noise-exposed subjects. In total, 292 cases were selected from a steel factory from 6 297 subjects during Jan 1, 2006 to Dec 12, 2015,who had an average hearing threshold of more than 40 dB(A); 584 matched control subjects for each case were designated on the basis of matched criteria including same gender, age (±5 years) and duration of exposure to noise (±2 years)...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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