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Small bowel capsule

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719079/associations-between-drugs-and-small-bowel-mucosal-bleeding-a-multicenter-capsule-endoscopy-study
#1
Ryota Niikura, Atsuo Yamada, Koutarou Maki, Masanao Nakamura, Hirotsugu Watabe, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Shiro Oka, Motohiro Esaki, Shunji Fujimori, Atsushi Nakajima, Naoki Ohmiya, Takayuki Matsumoto, Shinji Tanaka, Kazuhiko Koike, Choitsu Sakamoto
OBJECTIVES: Although several drugs may induce small-bowel mucosal injuries, it is unclear whether these injuries contribute to overt small-bowel bleeding. This study was designed to evaluate the associations between drug use and small-bowel mucosal injury and between these mucosal injuries and overt bleeding in a disease-relevant population. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with suspected small-bowel diseases who underwent capsule endoscopy between 2010 and 2013...
July 18, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706962/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-of-the-small-bowel-as-an-unexpected-cause-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-decades-after-heart-transplantation
#2
Amanda Siegel, Justin Boike, Itishree Trivedi, Rena Yadlapati
Although rare, gastrointestinal posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) can lead to abdominal pain or gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with a history of solid-organ transplantation. We describe a case of isolated gastrointestinal PTLD in a patient who presented with acute on chronic iron deficiency anemia 26 years after heart transplant. A comprehensive endoscopic evaluation with video capsule endoscopy and small bowel enteroscopy revealed a large cratered ulceration in the small bowel with abnormal mucosal changes, which led to the diagnosis of PTLD...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705931/proof-of-concept-design-and-initial-evaluation-of-a-new-device-to-measure-gastrointestinal-transit-time
#3
Robert H Wagner, Bital Savir-Baruch, James Halama, Mukund Venu, Medhat Gabriel, Davide Bova
Chronic constipation and gastrointestinal motility disorders constitute a large part of a gastroenterology practice and represent a significant impact on patient quality of life and lifestyle. In most cases, medications are prescribed to alleviate symptoms without an objective measurement of response. Commonly used current investigations of gastrointestinal transit times are limited to radiopaque markers or electronic capsules. Repeated use of these techniques is limited due to radiation exposure or the significant cost of the devices...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691043/incidence-of-small-bowel-neoplasia-in-lynch-syndrome-assessed-by-video-capsule-endoscopy
#4
Jasmijn F Haanstra, Abdul Al-Toma, Evelien Dekker, Steven A L W Vanhoutvin, Fokko M Nagengast, Elisabeth M Mathus-Vliegen, Monique E van Leerdam, Wouter H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, Roeland A Veenendaal, Annemieke Cats, Silvia Sanduleanu, Hans F A Vasen, Jan H Kleibeuker, Jan J Koornstra
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Lynch syndrome (LS) patients have an increased risk of small bowel cancer. The question is whether surveillance will lead to early detection of (pre)malignant lesions. We recently reported on prevalence of small bowel neoplasia (SBN) in LS patients as assessed by video capsule endoscopy (VCE). The aim of this prospective study was to determine the incidence of SBN. PATIENTS AND METHODS : Asymptomatic LS patients who underwent a VCE were invited to undergo a second VCE procedure 2 years later...
July 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676999/gastrointestinal-tract-complications-after-hepatic-radiofrequency-ablation-ct-prediction-for-major-complications
#5
Yun Soo Jeong, Se Hyung Kim, Jeong Min Lee, Jae Young Lee, Jung Hoon Kim, Dong Ho Lee, Hyo-Jin Kang, Chang Jin Yoon, Joon Koo Han
PURPOSE: To analyze CT features that predict major gastrointestinal tract (GIT) complication after hepatic radiofrequency ablation (RFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 3933 patients who underwent RFA for hepatic malignancy from January 2005 to September 2016, 52 patients (1.32%) who had GIT complications were retrospectively enrolled. Electronic medical records and CT results were reviewed for location (left vs. right lobe, subcapsular vs. non-subcapsular) and tumor size, distance from the hepatic capsule, number and length of needles, ablation time, presence of artificial ascites, previous history of percutaneous treatment or operation, injured organs, length and thickness of injured GIT, presence of adjacent infiltration, ascites, mucosal discontinuity, and free air, and eccentricity...
July 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664384/a-case-of-protein-losing-enteropathy-caused-by-sclerosing-mesenteritis-diagnosed-with-capsule-endoscopy-and-double-balloon-endoscopy
#6
Yasushi Saito, Katsushi Hiramatsu, Takuto Nosaka, Yoshihiko Ozaki, Kazuto Takahashi, Tatsushi Naito, Kazuya Ofuji, Hidetaka Matsuda, Masahiro Ohtani, Tomoyuki Nemoto, Yoshiaki Imamura, Yasunari Nakamoto
A 75-year-old man presented with abdominal distension, hypoproteinemia, ascites and a 35-mm mass in the small bowel mesentery. Laparotomy was performed, and he was diagnosed with sclerosing mesenteritis. His clinical condition improved, with computed tomography (CT) showing tumor shrinkage and decreasing ascites after administration of prednisolone; however, on drug withdrawal, abdominal fullness recurred and CT revealed an enlarging tumor and increasing ascites. Capsule endoscopy (CE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) were performed to further investigate hypoalbuminemia, which revealed white villi, white nodules, white debris, and mucosal edema in the jejunum...
August 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626168/indications-for-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-chronic-abdominal-pain
#7
Makoto Nakano, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Atushi Igawa, Sayoko Kunihara, Yoshitaka Ueno, Masanori Ito, Kazuaki Chayama
Objective The aim of the present study is to assess the difference in the detection rates of small-bowel lesions in chronic abdominal pain (CAP) patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and non-IBS. Patients Ninety-nine CAP patients who were scheduled to undergo capsule endoscopy (CE) to investigate their abdominal symptoms were included in this study. Among the subjects, 34 patients fulfilled the Rome III criteria for IBS (IBS group); the remaining 65 patients were categorized as the non-IBS group. CE was performed in both groups and the total enteroscopy achievement rate, small-bowel lesion detection rate, and the presence of small-bowel lesions were evaluated...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621589/effect-of-hospitalization-on-gastrointestinal-motility-and-ph-in-dogs
#8
Kanawee Warrit, Pedro Boscan, Leah E Ferguson, Allison M Bradley, Kristy L Dowers, David C Twedt
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of hospitalization on gastrointestinal motility and pH in healthy dogs. DESIGN Experimental study. ANIMALS 12 healthy adult dogs. PROCEDURES A wireless motility capsule (WMC) that measured pressure, transit time, and pH within the gastrointestinal tract was administered orally to dogs in 2 phases. In the first phase, dogs received the WMC at the hospital and then returned to their home to follow their daily routine. In the second phase, dogs were hospitalized, housed individually, had abdominal radiography performed daily, and were leash exercised 4 to 6 times/d until the WMC passed in the feces...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619257/withdrawn-the-role-of-capsule-endoscopy-and-device-assisted-enteroscopy-for-small-bowel-lesions-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#9
Rossella Cianci, Riccardo Urgesi, Annalisa Tortora, Arianna Amato, Estelle E Newton, Guido Costamagna, Maria Elena Riccioni
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
May 25, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617885/the-role-of-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-wce-in-the-detection-of-occult-primary-neuroendocrine-tumors
#10
Manuele Furnari, Andrea Buda, Gabriele Delconte, Davide Citterio, Theodor Voiosu, Giovanni Ballardini, Flaminia Cavallaro, Edoardo Savarino, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Emanuele Meroni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with unclear etiology that may show functioning or non-functioning features. Primary tumor localization often requires integrated imaging. The European Neuroendocrine Tumors Society (ENETS) guidelines proposed wireless-capsule endoscopy (WCE) as a possible diagnostic tool for NETs, if intestinal origin is suspected. However, its impact on therapeutic management is debated. We aimed to evaluate the yield of WCE in detecting intestinal primary tumors in patients showing liver NET metastases when first-line investigations are inconclusive...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617760/nonisolated-small-bowel-gastrointestinal-angiodysplasias-are-associated-with-higher-rebleeding-rates-when-compared-with-isolated-small-bowel-gastrointestinal-angiodysplasia-on-video-capsule-endoscopy
#11
Stephanie H Mai, Daniel C Chao, Shu-Yi Liao, Christian S Jackson
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal angiodysplasias (GIAD) are commonly diagnosed in the small bowel but can be located in other areas of the gastrointestinal tract. About half of patients diagnosed with GIAD have more than 1 lesion and 20% of patients have GIAD in both the small bowel and a source outside of the small bowel (nonisolated to small bowel GIAD or NISGIAD). The remaining patients with GIAD have lesions isolated to the small bowel (ISGIAD). Complications including rebleeding, hospitalization and mortality rates have not been previously analyzed between these 2 groups...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611528/preoperative-detection-and-localization-of-small-bowel-hemangioma-two-case-reports
#12
Nobuhisa Takase, Keisuke Fukui, Takafumi Tani, Tohru Nishimura, Tomohiro Tanaka, Naoki Harada, Kimihiko Ueno, Manabu Takamatsu, Akihiko Nishizawa, Akiharu Okamura, Kunihiko Kaneda
Among the various diagnostic modalities for small bowel hemangioma, video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) can be recommended as part of the work-up in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). DBE is superior to VCE in the accuracy of diagnosis and therapeutic potential, while in most cases total enteroscopy cannot be achieved through only the antegrade or retrograde DBE procedures. As treatment for small bowel bleeding, especially spout bleeding, localization of the lesion for the decision of DBE insertion facilitates early treatment, such as endoscopic hemostatic clipping, allowing patients to avoid useless transfusion and the worsening of their disease into life-threatening status...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609828/congenital-jejunal-diverticular-bleeding-in-a-young-adult
#13
Ji-Yung Lee, Jae-Young Jang, Min-Je Kim, Tae-In Lee, Jung-Wook Kim, Young-Woon Chang
Diverticular bleeding of the small bowel is rare and occurs primarily in adults aged more than 60 years. In younger adults, Meckel's diverticulum, a true diverticulum that congenitally occurs in the distal ileum, is the most common cause of diverticular bleeding of the small bowel. Unlike Meckel's diverticula, other kinds of small bowel diverticula are not congenital and their incidence is related to age. Furthermore, congenital true diverticular bleeding of the jejunum in adults is very rare. We report the case of a 24-year-old man with subepithelial tumor-like lesion accompanied with obscure overt gastrointestinal bleeding (OOGIB)...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596986/international-core-curriculum-for-capsule-endoscopy-training-courses
#14
Ignacio Fernandez-Urien, Simon Panter, Cristina Carretero, Carolyn Davison, Xavier Dray, Evgeny Fedorov, Richard Makins, Miguel Mascarenhas, Mark McAlindon, Deirdre McNamara, Hansa Palmer, Jean Francoise Rey, Jean Christophe Saurin, Uwe Seitz, Cristiano Spada, Ervin Toth, Felix Wiedbrauck, Martin Keuchel
Capsule endoscopy (CE) has become a first-line noninvasive tool for visualisation of the small bowel (SB) and is being increasingly used for investigation of the colon. The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guidelines have specified requirements for the clinical applications of CE. However, there are no standardized recommendations yet for CE training courses in Europe. The following suggestions in this curriculum are based on the experience of European CE training courses directors. It is suggested that 12 hours be dedicated for either a small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) or a colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) course with 4 hours for an introductory CCE course delivered in conjunction with SBCE courses...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593783/colonic-lesions-in-patients-undergoing-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-incidence-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-impact
#15
José Francisco Juanmartiñena Fernández, Iñaki Fernández-Urién Sainz, Beatriz Zabalza Ollo, Ana Borda Martín, Juan José Vila Costas
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, capsule endoscopy is the first-line procedure to assess the small bowel. During small bowel procedures, other segments of the gastrointestinal tract may be visualized. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the incidence of colonic abnormalities in patients undergoing small bowel capsule and its impact on patient management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of data from 526 consecutive capsule endoscopy procedures performed at a single tertiary-care centre between 2008 and 2011...
June 8, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588878/a-novel-purgative-protocol-for-capsule-endoscopy-of-the-small-bowel-produces-better-quality-of-visibility-than-2%C3%A2-l-of-peg-timing-is-of-the-essence
#16
Samuel N Adler, Shai Farkash, Yishai Sompolinsky, Inna Gafanovich, Eran Goldin, Ariella Bar-Gil Shitrit
INTRODUCTION: The ideal way of preparing patients for small-bowel capsule endoscopy has been controversial. Previous studies have shown that ingestion of 2 l of polyethylenglycol (PEG) 12 hours prior to capsule ingestion leads to improved visibility in comparison to no preparation at all. We speculated that using a post-ingestion (PI), booster-based cleansing protocol might provide an alternative to the PEG cleansing protocol. METHODS: This randomized, blinded, prospective study enrolled 45 individuals...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580415/kid-project-an-internet-based-digital-video-atlas-of-capsule-endoscopy-for-research-purposes
#17
Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Dimitris K Iakovidis, Diana E Yung, Emanuele Rondonotti, Uri Kopylov, John N Plevris, Ervin Toth, Abraham Eliakim, Gabrielle Wurm Johansson, Wojciech Marlicz, Georgios Mavrogenis, Artur Nemeth, Henrik Thorlacius, Gian Eugenio Tontini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:  Capsule endoscopy (CE) has revolutionized small-bowel (SB) investigation. Computational methods can enhance diagnostic yield (DY); however, incorporating machine learning algorithms (MLAs) into CE reading is difficult as large amounts of image annotations are required for training. Current databases lack graphic annotations of pathologies and cannot be used. A novel database, KID, aims to provide a reference for research and development of medical decision support systems (MDSS) for CE...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573179/small-bowel-malignancy-in-patients-undergoing-capsule-endoscopy-at-a-tertiary-care-academic-center-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Connor A Johnston, Diana E Yung, Alka Joshi, John N Plevris, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Small bowel cancer is rare, accounting for < 5 % of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. Capsule endoscopy has become the procedure of choice for non-invasive diagnosis of small bowel diseases. Data on capsule endoscopy diagnosis of small bowel cancer are limited. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency, indications and diagnostic work-up of patients with small bowel malignancy found by capsule endoscopy at a Scottish tertiary center. PATIENTS AND METHODS : In this retrospective study, records all patients who underwent small bowel capsule endoscopy at our center over a 10-year period were reviewed for possible malignancy...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573175/lubiprostone-improves-visualization-of-small-bowel-for-capsule-endoscopy-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-2-way-crossover-study
#19
Mizue Matsuura, Masahiko Inamori, Yumi Inou, Kenji Kanoshima, Takuma Higurashi, Hidenori Ohkubo, Hiroshi Iida, Hiroki Endo, Takashi Nonaka, Akihiko Kusakabe, Shin Maeda, Atsushi Nakajima
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Lubiprostone has been reported to be an anti-constipation drug. The aim of the study was to investigate the usefulness of lubiprostone both for bowel preparation and as a propulsive agent in small bowel endoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-way crossover study of subjects who volunteered to undergo capsule endoscopy (CE). A total of 20 subjects (16 male and 4 female volunteers) were randomly assigned to receive a 24-μg tablet of lubiprostone 120 minutes prior to capsule ingestion for CE (L regimen), or a placebo tablet 120 minutes prior to capsule ingestion for CE (P regimen)...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572876/adult-intussusception-a-case-series-and-review
#20
Santosh Shenoy
AIM: To identify factors differentiating pathologic adult intussusception (AI) from benign causes and the need for an operative intervention. Current evidence available from the literature is discussed. METHODS: This is a case series of eleven patients over the age of 18 and a surgical consultation for "Intussusception" at a single veteran's hospital over a five-year period (2011-2016). AI was diagnosed on computed tomography (CT) scan and or flexible endoscopy (colonoscopy)...
May 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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