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Hamza Hanieh, Omar Mohafez, Villianur Ibrahim Hairul-Islam, Abdullah Alzahrani, Mohammad Bani Ismail, Krishnaraj Thirugnanasambantham
BACKGROUND: Despite the remarkable progress to fight against breast cancer, metastasis remains the dominant cause of treatment failure and recurrence. Therefore, control of invasiveness potential of breast cancer cells is crucial. Accumulating evidences suggest Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr), a helix-loop-helix transcription factor, as a promising target to control migration and invasion in breast cancer cells. Thus, an Ahr-based exploration was performed to identify a new Ahr agonist with inhibitory potentials on cancer cell motility...
2016: PloS One
Klemen Kodrič, Klemen Čamernik, Darko Černe, Radko Komadina, Janja Marc
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is the most frequent bone metabolic disease. In order to improve early detection, prediction, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease, a new model of P4 medicine (personalized, predictive, preventive, and participatory medicine) could be applied. The aim of this work was to systematically review the publications of four different types of "omics" studies related to osteoporosis, in order to discover novel predictive, preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic targets for better management of the geriatric population...
November 21, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Q-X Luan, B-G Zhang, X-J Li, M-Y Guo
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we firstly studied whether H3K27me3 modification is a mechanism of miR-129-5p downregulation in breast cancer and further investigated the functional role of miR-129-5p in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and in multi-drug resistance (MDR) of the cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunoprecipitation (IP) and Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay were performed to detect the association among SOX4, EZH2 and H3K27me3 and their enrichment in the promoter region of miR-129-2...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Paolo Martini, Lara Paracchini, Giulia Caratti, Maurizia Mello-Grand, Robert Fruscio, Luca Beltrame, Enrica Calura, Gabriele Sales, Antonella Ravaggi, Eliana Bignotti, Franco E Odicino, Enrico Sartori, Patrizia Perego, Dionyssios Katsaros, Ilaria Craparotta, Giovanna Chiorino, Stefano Cagnin, Laura Mannarino, Lorenzo Ceppi, Costantino Mangioni, Chiara Ghimenti, Maurizio D'Incalci, Sergio Marchini, Chiara Romualdi
PURPOSE: Stage I epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) represents about 10% of all EOCs and is characterized by good prognosis with fewer than 20% of patients relapsing. As it occurs less frequently than advanced stage EOC, its molecular features have not been thoroughly investigated. We have demonstrated that in stage I EOC hsa-miR-200c-3p can predict patients' outcome. In the present study, we analyzed the expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) to enable potential definition of a non coding transcriptional signature with prognostic relevance for stage I EOC...
November 8, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Lin Lin, Zhiwen Wang, Haihong Jin, Hongzhen Shi, Zhihong Lu, Zhenqin Qi
Both miR-212 and miR-132 are usually downregulated in ovarian cancer and act as tumor suppressors. However, the mechanism of their downregulation in ovarian cancer is not clear. In this study, we investigated the regulative effects of miR-212 and miR-132 on SOX4 expression in ovarian cancer cells and also studied whether there is a feedback regulation between miR-212/miR-132 and SOX4 via an epigenetic mechanism. The results showed that both EZH2 and SOX4 overexpressions significantly repressed miR-212 and miR-132 expressions in SKOV3 and OV2008 cells...
November 3, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Zhaoxia Mu, Shuqiang Zhang, Chunjiao He, Haitao Hou, Dong Liu, Nan Hu, Hui Xu
The SoxC transcription factors (Sox4, Sox11, and Sox12) play important roles in the development of the vertebrate eye and retina. However, their expression and function during retinal and optic nerve regeneration remain elusive. In this study, we investigated the expression and possible functions of the SoxC genes after retinal and optic nerve injury in adult zebrafish. We found that among the five SoxC members, Sox11b was strongly induced in BrdU-positive cells in the inner nuclear layer (INL) after retinal injury, and morpholino-mediated Sox11b-knockdown significantly reduced the number of proliferating cells in the INL at 4 days post-injury...
October 14, 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
Changjie Jiao, Zhiming Song, Jianming Chen, Jing Zhong, Weibin Cai, Suke Tian, Songlin Chen, Yunfeng Yi, Yun Xiao
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most common gastrointestinal cancers, which leads to the sixth ranking of cancer-related death. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in many biological processes. lncRNA human urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) is significantly upregulated and functions as an important oncogene in many types of human cancers. However, the role of UCA1 in EC and its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that UCA1 was significantly upregulated in EC tissues and associated with poor prognosis...
September 22, 2016: Oncology Reports
Zhen-Zhen Chen, Lan Huang, Ya-Hong Wu, Wen-Jie Zhai, Ping-Ping Zhu, Yan-Feng Gao
Liver cancer has a tendency to develop asymptomatically in patients, so most patients are diagnosed at a later stage. Accumulating evidence implicates that liver tumour-initiating cells (TICs) as being responsible for liver cancer initiation and recurrence. However, the molecular mechanism of liver TIC self-renewal is poorly understood. Here we discover that a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) termed LncSox4 is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and in liver TICs. We find that LncSox4 is required for liver TIC self-renewal and tumour initiation...
2016: Nature Communications
Weiwei Fu, Tao Tao, Mei Qi, Lin Wang, Jing Hu, Xinjun Li, Naidong Xing, Ran Du, Bo Han
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs that are important for embryonic stem cell development and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Accumulating evidence indicates that miRNAs play critical roles in prostate cancer (PCa) metastasis and have potential use as therapeutic targets. Although dysregulated miR-132/212 have been suggested to be directly involved in the proliferation and invasion of multiple malignancies, the exact role of miR-132/212 in PCa has not yet been fully understood...
December 2016: Prostate
Yang Li, Peirui Chen, Lingling Zu, Bin Liu, Min Wang, Qinghua Zhou
[This corrects the article on p. 127 in vol. 6, PMID: 27186391.].
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Deniz Cizmeci, Emma L Dempster, Olivia L Champion, Sariqa Wagley, Ozgur E Akman, Joann L Prior, Orkun S Soyer, Jonathan Mill, Richard W Titball
The potential for epigenetic changes in host cells following microbial infection has been widely suggested, but few examples have been reported. We assessed genome-wide patterns of DNA methylation in human macrophage-like U937 cells following infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei, an intracellular bacterial pathogen and the causative agent of human melioidosis. Our analyses revealed significant changes in host cell DNA methylation, at multiple CpG sites in the host cell genome, following infection. Infection induced differentially methylated probes (iDMPs) showing the greatest changes in DNA methylation were found to be in the vicinity of genes involved in inflammatory responses, intracellular signalling, apoptosis and pathogen-induced signalling...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yi Liu, Li Cui, Junwei Huang, Eoon Hye Ji, Wei Chen, Diana Messadi, Shen Hu
BACKGROUND: The development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a multistep process that involves in both genetic alterations and epigenetic modifications. Previous studies suggest SOX4 might function as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor in different types of cancers. However, whether SOX4 involves in promoting the progression of oral precancer to cancer is unknown. METHODS: Liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used to identify the proteins that may be differentially expressed between oral lichen planus (OLP) and OLP-associated OSCC (OLP-OSCC) formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Rongfei Han, Shiying Huang, Yonghua Bao, Xin Liu, Xiaoyu Peng, Zhiguo Chen, Qian Wang, Jiaqi Wang, Qiuping Zhang, Tianfu Wang, Duo Zheng, Wancai Yang
Senescence, a terminal cell proliferation arrest that is caused by a variety of cellular stresses such as telomere erosion, DNA damage and oncogenic signaling, is classically considered a tumor defense barrier. However, the mechanism by which cancer cells overcome senescence is undetermined. In this study, the gene expression array data of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) was compared with paired normal tissues and showed that a cohort of genes, including proteinases, chemokines and inflammation factors, are upregulated in ESCC, which exhibits the senescence-associated secretory phenotype...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Hong-Liang Weng, Ming-Jing Wang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of microRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) on morphine (MP)-induced apoptosis, and its underlying mechanisms. Freshly‑isolated mouse peritoneal macrophages were cultured in vitro and treated with MP following transfection with miR‑338‑3p mimic, inhibitor or controls. miR‑338‑3p expression levels increased significantly following MP treatment (P<0.01). This increase was enhanced following transfection with miR‑338‑3p mimic (P<0.05) and abrogated following transfection with miR‑338‑3p inhibitor (P<0...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yasuaki Uematsu, Sho Akai, Tomoaki Tochitani, Shingo Oda, Toru Yamada, Tsuyoshi Yokoi
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a class of small non-coding RNAs containing approximately 20 nucleotides that negatively regulate target gene expression. Little is known about the role of individual miRNAs and their targets in immune- and inflammation-related responses in drug-induced liver injury. In the present study, involvement of miRNAs in the T helper (Th) 2-type immune response was investigated using a methimazole (MTZ)-induced liver injury mouse model. Co-administration of L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine and MTZ induced acute hepatocellular necrosis and elevated plasma levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) from 4h onward in female Balb/c mice...
September 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Jun Zou, Youqing Xu
BACKGROUND Gastric cancer is a malignant tumor with a high morbidity and mortality. MicroRNAs are important regulators of gene expression, influencing the progression of gastric cancer. This study aimed to reveal the role of microRNA-140 (miR-140) in gastric cancer cell proliferation and its potential mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS Gastric cancer tissues and cell lines BGC-823, SGC-7901, and HGC-27 were used to analyze miR-140 levels compared to normal tissues and cell line GES-1. In HGC-27 cells transfected with miR-140 mimic, we performed MTT, colony formation assay, and cell cycle assay by flow cytometry...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Sebastian Barg, Alenka Guček
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Diabetes
Hyeseung Lee, Hani Goodarzi, Sohail F Tavazoie, Claudio R Alarcón
The developmental transcription factor SOX4 contributes to the metastatic spread of multiple solid cancer types, but its direct target genes that mediate cancer progression are not well defined. Using a systematic molecular and genomic approach, we identified the TMEM2 transmembrane protein gene as a direct transcriptional target of SOX4. TMEM2 was transcriptionally activated by SOX4 in breast cancer cells where, like SOX4, TMEM2 was found to mediate proinvasive and promigratory effects. Similarly, TMEM2 was sufficient to promote metastatic colonization of breast cancer cells and its expression in primary breast tumors associated with a higher likelihood of metastatic relapse...
September 1, 2016: Cancer Research
Céline Demarez, Catherine Hubert, Christine Sempoux, Frédéric P Lemaigre
The differentiation status of tumor cells, defined by histomorphological criteria, is a prognostic factor for survival of patients affected with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). To strengthen the value of morphological differentiation criteria, we wished to correlate histopathological differentiation grade with expression of molecular biliary differentiation markers and of microRNAs previously shown to be dysregulated in ICC. We analysed a series of tumors that were histologically classified as well, moderately or poorly differentiated, and investigated the expression of cytokeratin 7, 19 and 903 (CK7, CK19, CK903), SRY-related HMG box transcription factors 4 and 9 (SOX4, SOX9), osteopontin (OPN), Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor-1 beta (HNF1β), Yes-associated protein (YAP), Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EPCAM), Mucin 1 (MUC1) and N-cadherin (NCAD) by qRT-PCR and immunostaining, and of miR-31, miR-135b, miR-132, miR-200c, miR-221 and miR-222...
2016: PloS One
Georgia-Persephoni Voulgaridou, Magdalini Kiziridou, Theodora Mantso, Katerina Chlichlia, Alex Galanis, Michael I Koukourakis, Rodrigo Franco, Mihalis I Panayiotidis, Aglaia Pappa
Aldehyde dehydrogenases participate in a variety of cellular homeostatic mechanisms like metabolism, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, whereas recently, they have been implicated in normal and cancer cell stemness. We explored roles for ALDH3A1 in conferring resistance to chemotherapeutics/radiation/oxidative stress and whether ectopic overexpression of ALDH3A1 could lead to alterations of gene expression profile associated with cancer stem cell-like phenotype. MCF-7 cells were stably transfected either with an empty vector (mock) or human aldehyde dehydrogenase 3A1 cDNA...
August 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
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