keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic bronchitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230273/comparison-of-pathogen-eradication-rate-and-safety-of-anti-bacterial-agents-for-bronchitis-a-network-meta-analysis
#1
Jinghua Wang, Haiyang Xu, Dunwei Wang, Mingxian Li
OBJECTIVE: A large number of population in both developing and developed countries are affected by bronchitis, among all the factors, bacterial infection was considered as a critical cause of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Although several anti-bacterial agents were proved to have the effect of alleviating bronchitis, their relative efficacies and potential side effects remained not clear. We are keen to compare the pathogen eradication rate and safety of anti-bacterial agents for bronchitis...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220736/antibiotic-prescription-patterns-of-south-african-general-medical-practitioners-for-treatment-of-acute-bronchitis
#2
N B Q Ncube, G C Solanki, T Kredo, R Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a significant public health problem. Prudent use of antibiotics is crucial in reducing this resistance. Acute bronchitis is a common reason for consultations with general medical practitioners, and antibiotics are often prescribed even though guidelines recommend not prescribing them for uncomplicated acute bronchitis. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the antibiotic prescription patterns of South African (SA) general medical practitioners in the treatment of acute bronchitis...
January 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219428/characteristics-and-longitudinal-progression-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-gold-b-patients
#3
Philip J Lawrence, Umme Kolsum, Vandana Gupta, Gavin Donaldson, Richa Singh, Bethan Barker, Leena George, Adam Webb, Anthony J Brookes, Christopher Brightling, Jadwiga Wedzicha, Dave Singh
BACKGROUND: The characteristics and natural history of GOLD B COPD patients are not well described. The clinical characteristics and natural history of GOLD B patients over 1 year in a multicentre cohort of COPD patients in the COPDMAP study were assessed. We aimed to identify the subgroup of patients who progressed to GOLD D (unstable GOLD B patients) and identify characteristics associated with progression. METHODS: Three hundred seventy COPD patients were assessed at baseline and 12 months thereafter...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#4
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201975/selective-inhibition-of-phosphodiesterases-4a-b-c-and-d-isoforms-in-chronic-respiratory-diseases-current-and-future-evidences
#5
Sonia Contreras, Javier Milara, Esteban Morcillo, Julio Cortijo
Chronic respiratory diseases affect millions of people every day. According to World Health Organization estimates, ~235 million people suffer from asthma, ~64 million suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and millions more suffer from allergic rhinitis around the world. In recent last years, the first phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, roflumilast, was approved as a treatment to reduce the risk of exacerbations in stable and severe COPD associated with chronic bronchitis and a history of exacerbations...
February 13, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192201/the-natural-product-bergenin-ameliorates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-nf-kappab-activition
#6
Shengqian Yang, Ziru Yu, Lin Wang, Tianyi Yuan, Xue Wang, Xue Zhang, Jinhua Wang, Yang Lv, Guanhua Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bergenin, an active constituent of the plants of the genus Bergenia, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment of chronic bronchitis and chronic gastritis clinically. However, its therapeutic effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and its potential mechanisms of actions were still unkown. AIM OF THIS STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of bergenin on murine model of acute lung injury induced by LPS and also to explore its potential mechanisms...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185594/sleep-apnoea-in-australian-men-disease-burden-co-morbidities-and-correlates-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#7
Chamara Visanka Senaratna, Dallas R English, Dianne Currier, Jennifer L Perret, Adrian Lowe, Caroline Lodge, Melissa Russell, Sashane Sahabandu, Melanie C Matheson, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea is a common disorder with under-rated clinical impact, which is increasingly being recognised as having a major bearing on global disease burden. Men are especially vulnerable and become a priority group for preventative interventions. However, there is limited information on prevalence of the condition in Australia, its co-morbidities, and potential risk factors. METHODS: We used data from 13,423 adult men included in the baseline wave of Ten to Men, an Australian national study of the health of males, assembled using stratified cluster sampling with oversampling from rural and regional areas...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176939/factors-associated-with-plasma-il-33-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Sei Won Kim, Chin Kook Rhee, Ki Uk Kim, Sang Haak Lee, Hun Gyu Hwang, Yu Il Kim, Deog Kyeom Kim, Sang Do Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh, Hyoung Kyu Yoon
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-33 promotes T helper (Th)2 immunity and systemic inflammation. The role of IL-33 in asthma has been widely investigated. IL-33 has also been suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study investigated the clinical significance and usefulness of plasma IL-33 level in patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 307 patients with stable COPD from 15 centers, who were in the Korean Obstructive Lung Disease cohort, were enrolled in this study...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160532/air-pollution-and-potential-health-risk-in-ostrava-region-a-review
#9
Vítězslav Jiřík, Ondřej Machaczka, Hana Miturová, Ivan Tomášek, Hana Šlachtová, Jana Janoutová, Helena Velická, Vladimír Janout
AIM: The aim of this review was to collect all available data about air pollution in Ostrava, which is one of the most polluted area in central Europe and to make a concise assessment of health risks resulting from historical exposures of air pollutants since the beginning of the monitoring, i.e. since 1970 to the present time. METHODS: All available information sources (the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, the Institute of Public Health in Ostrava or publications) were used...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149573/current-situation-of-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-acos-in-chinese-patients-older-than-40-years-with-airflow-limitation-rationale-and-design-for-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-trial-study-protocol
#10
Jian Kang, Wanzhen Yao, Baiqiang Cai, Ping Chen, Xia Ling, Hongyan Shang
BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are the frequently occurring chronic airway diseases, and the overlapping syndrome observed in the majority of patients has been recently defined as asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS) by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung (GOLD, 2014) and Global initiative for Asthma (GINA, 2015). The proportion, features, and clinical practice of ACOS still remain elusive in China. We are conducting this multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study (NCT02600221) to investigate the distributions of chronic obstructive diseases in patients >40 years of age with chronic airflow limitation in China along with determination of the main clinical practice and features of these diseases...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144065/definitive-radiotherapy-for-inoperable-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-trachea-a-rare-case-report
#11
Virendra Bhandari, Desh Deepak Ladia, Mehlam Kausar, Amit Varma
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the trachea is rare; it represents 1% of all respiratory tract cancers. It is generally considered as a slow-growing, with prolonged clinical course. Most patients present with dyspnea, and the symptoms often mimic those of asthma or chronic bronchitis. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment often combined to radiotherapy because of close surgical margins. When surgery is not possible, most tumors respond to radiotherapy alone which often results in long periods of remission...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143696/management-of-children-with-chronic-wet-cough-and-protracted-bacterial-bronchitis-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#12
Anne B Chang, John J Oppenheimer, Miles Weinberger, Bruce K Rubin, Cameron C Grant, Kelly Weir, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Wet or productive cough is common in children with chronic cough. We formulated recommendations based on systematic reviews relating to the management of chronic wet cough in children (aged ≤14-years) based on key questions (KQ1)-how effective are antibiotics in improving the resolution of cough? If so, what and for how long? and; (KQ2)-when should children be referred for further investigations? METHODS: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol for the systematic reviews and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE framework...
January 28, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137502/chronic-bronchitis-in-relation-to-hospitalization-and-mortality-over-three-decades
#13
Margit K Pelkonen, Irma-Leena K Notkola, Tiina K Laatikainen, Pekka Jousilahti
BACKGROUND: The study examines the predictive value of chronic bronchitis for all cause and cause-specific hospitalizations and for mortality during the last three decades. METHODS: The study population consists of altogether 47 896 men and women aged 25-74 years who participated in the National FINRISK Study between 1982 and 2007. The study protocol included a standardized questionnaire on the symptoms of chronic bronchitis, smoking habits and other risk factors and clinical measurements at the study site...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135423/measuring-the-prevalence-of-diagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-united-states-using-data-from-the-2012-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#14
Brian W Ward, Colleen N Nugent, Stephen J Blumberg, Anjel Vahratian
OBJECTIVES: This study, measuring the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), examined (1) whether a single survey question asking explicitly about diagnosed COPD is sufficient to identify US adults with COPD and (2) how this measure compares with estimating COPD prevalence using survey questions on diagnosed emphysema and/or chronic bronchitis and all 3 survey questions together. METHODS: We used data from the 2012-2014 National Health Interview Survey to examine different measures of prevalence among 7211 US adults who reported a diagnosed respiratory condition (ie, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or COPD)...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114931/procalcitonin-guided-diagnosis-and-antibiotic-stewardship-revisited
#15
REVIEW
Ramon Sager, Alexander Kutz, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
Several controlled clinical studies have evaluated the potential of the infection biomarker procalcitonin (PCT) to improve the diagnostic work-up of patients with bacterial infections and its influence on decisions regarding antibiotic therapy. Most research has focused on lower respiratory tract infections and critically ill sepsis patients. A clinical utility for PCT has also been found for patients with urinary tract infections, postoperative infections, meningitis, and patients with acute heart failure with possible superinfection (i...
January 24, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107509/development-of-combining-of-human-bronchial-mucosa-models-with-xposeali%C3%A2-for-exposure-of-air-pollution-nanoparticles
#16
Jie Ji, Anna Hedelin, Maria Malmlöf, Vadim Kessler, Gulaim Seisenbaeva, Per Gerde, Lena Palmberg
BACKGROUND: Exposure to agents via inhalation is of great concerns both in workplace environment and in the daily contact with particles in the ambient air. Reliable human airway exposure systems will most likely replace animal experiment in future toxicity assessment studies of inhaled agents. METHODS: In this study, we successfully established a combination of an exposure system (XposeALI) with 3D models mimicking both healthy and chronic bronchitis-like mucosa by co-culturing human primary bronchial epithelial cells (PBEC) and fibroblast at air-liquid interface (ALI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103932/biomarkers-of-extracellular-matrix-turnover-are-associated-with-emphysema-and-eosinophilic-bronchitis-in-copd
#17
Asger Reinstrup Bihlet, Morten Asser Karsdal, Jannie Marie Bülow Sand, Diana Julie Leeming, Mustimbo Roberts, Wendy White, Russell Bowler
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow obstruction and loss of lung tissue mainly consisting of extracellular matrix (ECM). Three of the main ECM components are type I collagen, the main constituent in the interstitial matrix, type VI collagen, and elastin, the signature protein of the lungs. During pathological remodeling driven by inflammatory cells and proteases, fragments of these proteins are released into the bloodstream, where they may serve as biomarkers for disease phenotypes...
January 19, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103857/ameliorative-potential-of-alstonia-scholaris-linn-r-br-against-chronic-constriction-injury-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#18
Hasandeep Singh, Rohit Arora, Saroj Arora, Balbir Singh
BACKGROUND: Alstonia scholaris commonly known as 'Saptaparni' is an Indian traditional medicinal plant used in Ayurveda. It is commonly used to treat various disorders like asthma, bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery and malaria. In folklore medicine the milky juice of the plant is applied on wounds and ulcers to treat pain, ear ache and also in rheumatic pains. AIM: The present study was designed to investigate the potential of A. scholaris R. Br. in chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI) induced neuropathic pain in rats...
January 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096127/formation-of-fructose-mediated-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-their-roles-in-metabolic-and-inflammatory-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Alejandro Gugliucci
Fructose is associated with the biochemical alterations that promote the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and type 2 diabetes. Its consumption has increased in parallel with MetS. It is metabolized by the liver, where it stimulates de novo lipogenesis. The triglycerides synthesized lead to hepatic insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Fructose-derived advanced glycation end products (AGEs) may be involved via the Maillard reaction. Fructose has not been a main focus of glycation research because of the difficulty in measuring its adducts, and, more importantly, because although it is 10 times more reactive than glucose, its plasma concentration is only 1% of that of glucose...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092467/early-investigational-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-bronchitis
#20
Matthew E Falagas, Maria Georgiou
Acute exacerbations in patients with chronic bronchitis are a leading cause of hospitalizations and death. Bacteria contribute significantly to such exacerbations. The aim of this review was to explore the potential role of investigational antibiotics in the treatment of these episodes. Areas covered: The available literature in PubMed database, in websites related to investigational drugs and in websites of the producing companies has been searched. The in vitro activity against pathogens involved in acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and the pharmacokinetic profile of antibiotics currently under development were taken into consideration for inclusion in the review...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
keyword
keyword
7637
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"