Read by QxMD icon Read

vision disparity

Lauren C Korhonen, Nicholas P DeGroote, R Luke Shouse, Linda A Valleroy, Joseph Prejean, Heather Bradley
The prevalence of diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Hispanics/Latinos in the United States is more than twice as high as the prevalence among non-Hispanic whites (1). Services that support retention in HIV medical care and assist with day-to-day living, referred to here as ancillary services, help persons living with HIV access HIV medical care, adhere to HIV treatment, and attain HIV viral suppression. The needs for these ancillary services among Hispanics/Latinos are not well described (2)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Sue Kildea, Sally Tracy, Juanita Sherwood, Fleur Magick-Dennis, Lesley Barclay
The well established disparities in health outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians include a significant and concerning higher incidence of preterm birth, low birth weight and newborn mortality. Chronic diseases (eg, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular and renal disease) that are prevalent in Indigenous Australian adults have their genesis in utero and in early life. Applying interventions during pregnancy and early life that aim to improve maternal and infant health is likely to have long lasting consequences, as recognised by Australia's National Maternity Services Plan (NMSP), which set out a 5-year vision for 2010-2015 that was endorsed by all governments (federal and state and territory)...
October 17, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Pei-Yin Chen, Chien-Chung Chen, Christopher W Tyler
Does human vision show the contrast invariance expected of an ideal stereoscopic system for computing depth from disparity? We used random-dot stereograms to investigate the luminance contrast effect on perceived depth from disparity. The perceived depth of disparity corrugations was measured by adjusting the length of a horizontal line to match the perceived depth of the corrugations at various luminance contrasts. At each contrast, the perceived depth increased with disparity up to a critical value, decreasing with further increases in disparity...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
Michael Jerrett, Jason G Su, Kara E MacLeod, Cooper Hanning, Douglas Houston, Jennifer Wolch
BACKGROUND: Areas near parks may present active travelers with higher risks than in other areas due to the confluence of more pedestrians and bicyclists, younger travelers, and the potential for increased traffic volumes. These risks may be amplified in low-income and minority neighborhoods due to generally higher rates of active travel or lack of safety infrastructure. This paper examines active travel crashes near parks and builds on existing research around disparities in park access and extends research from the Safe Routes to School and Safe Routes to Transit movements to parks...
September 27, 2016: Environmental Research
Evan J Myers, Aniko Marshall, Michael L Jennings, Mark D Parker
The SLC4A11 gene encodes the bicarbonate-transporter-related protein BTR1, which is mutated in syndromes characterized by vision and hearing loss. Signs of these diseases (congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED) and Harboyan Syndrome) are evident in mouse models of Slc4a11 disruption. However, the intrinsic activity of Slc4a11 remains controversial, complicating assignment of its (patho)physiological role. Most studies concur that Slc4a11 transports H(+) (or the thermodynamically equivalent species OH(-)) rather than HCO3 (-) but disparities have arisen as to whether the transport is coupled to another species such as Na(+) or NH3/NH4 (+) Here for the first time, we examine the action of mouse Slc4a11 in Xenopus oocytes...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Sara A Quandt, Mark R Schulz, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
PURPOSE: Visual impairment presents significant risks for occupational injuries among farmworkers, a vulnerable population with limited access to vision care. Although previous research has noted farmworkers' low lifetime experience with vision screening and high rates of complaints of eye ailments and poor vision, there have been few screening data collected to evaluate these self-reports. The objectives of this analysis are to (1) describe farmworker visual health using standardized visual acuity screening data and self-reported visual function, and (2) to compare the screening and self-report data...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Rafael Castillo
: Similar to the trend worldwide, hypertension (HTN) is also the single most attributable cause for mortality in South-East Asia (SEA). But while in developed regions, the prevalence of HTN appears to be stabilizing or decreasing, the rates in SEA continue to rise. Around a third of the adult population in SEA have elevated blood pressure (BP) with nearly 1.5 million deaths (9.4% of total deaths) attributable to HTN annually.In several countries in SEA, awareness level of HTN is less than 50% but in the more affluent countries in the region, awareness ranges from 56% to 70%...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Xingzheng Wang, Yushi Tian, Haoqian Wang, Yongbing Zhang
Stereo matching is essential and fundamental in computer vision tasks. In this paper, a novel stereo matching algorithm based on disparity propagation using edge-aware filtering is proposed. By extracting disparity subsets for reliable points and customizing the cost volume, the initial disparity map is refined through filtering-based disparity propagation. Then, an edge-aware filter with low computational complexity is adopted to formulate the cost column, which makes the proposed method independent on the local window size...
2016: PloS One
Barbara Wadsworth, Fiona Felton, Rita Linus
In 2013, a new system chief nursing officer engaged the nursing leaders and staff in an Appreciative Inquiry process utilizing strengths, opportunities, aspirations, and results (SOAR), and a Journey of Excellence to assess and understand the current environment. The ultimate goal was to engage all nurses in strategic planning and goal setting to connect their patient care to the system strategic initiatives. This work led to the creation of a nursing vision, a revised professional practice model and greater council alignment, resulting in significant positive change and ongoing advancement throughout the system...
October 2016: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Sid Henriksen, Jenny C A Read, Bruce G Cumming
UNLABELLED: Human stereopsis can operate in dense "cyclopean" images containing no monocular objects. This is believed to depend on the computation of binocular correlation by neurons in primary visual cortex (V1). The observation that humans perceive depth in half-matched random-dot stereograms, although these stimuli have no net correlation, has led to the proposition that human depth perception in these stimuli depends on a distinct "matching" computation possibly performed in extrastriate cortex...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Rong-Rong Zhu, Jian Shi, Mei Yang, Huai-Jin Guan
AIM: To survey the prevalence and causes of visual impairment/blindness among elderly Chinese from different socioeconomic status in community-based design. METHODS: Cluster-sampling randomly selected residents from Binhu and Funing District, two areas representing different socioeconomic levels in China with Binhu in an advanced status and Funing in less-developed area. The participants subjected to ophthalmic examination. The presenting visual acuity (PVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were recorded...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Mitchell M Scheiman, Henry Talasan, Gladys Lynn Mitchell, Tara L Alvarez
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in objective measures of disparity vergence after office-based vision therapy (OBVT) for concussion-related convergence insufficiency (CI) and determine the feasibility of using this objective assessment as an outcome measure in a clinical trial. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational trial. All participants were treated with weekly OBVT with home reinforcement. Participants included two adolescents and three young adults with concussion-related, symptomatic CI...
July 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Ying Ji, Yanling Wang, Lei Sun, Yan Zhang, Chun Chang
Migrants usually exhibit similar or better health outcomes than native-born populations despite facing socioeconomic disadvantages and barriers to healthcare use; this is known as the "migrant paradox." The migrant paradox among children is highly complex. This study explores whether the migrant paradox exists in the health of internal migrant children in China and the role of schools in reducing children's health disparities, using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. Participants were 1,641 student and parent pairs from Grades 4, 5, and 6 of eight primary schools in Beijing...
2016: PloS One
Michael Kavšek, Stephanie K Braun
This research explored the onset of stereopsis, the ability to perceive depth from the different views provided by the two eyes. In a longitudinal study, infants were tested weekly from 6 to 20 weeks of age. The primary goal of the study was to establish the onset and the early development of sensitivity to uncrossed horizontal disparity. The infant participants were shown dynamic random dot stereograms displaying two squares, one with uncrossed horizontal disparity (0.5°) and one with vertical disparity (0...
August 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
Fei Wang, Wenchao Yang, Li Zhang, Andrew Gundran, Xun Zhu, Jiajia Liu, Xin Li, Shanglian Bao, Song Gao
The binocular disparity of two retina images is a main cue of stereoscopic vision. However, the global dependency between brain response and binocular disparity still remains unclear. Here, we used functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to identify stereopsis-related brain regions with a modified Random Dot Stereogram (RDS) and plotted the activation variation curves under different disparity size. In order to eliminate the confounding shape difference between the stereogram and the plane, commonly seen in RDS, we modified the RDS to a checkerboard version...
July 21, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Di Zhang, Pascaline Neveu, Yulia Fattakhova, Stéphanie Ferragut, Mathieu Lamard, Béatrice Cochener, Jean-Louis de Bougrenet de la Tocnaye
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of target properties on vertical fusion amplitude (VFA) using a 3D display platform; the performance of the subjects allowed us to assess how central and peripheral retina regions interact during the fusion process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen subjects were involved in the test. VFA was recorded by varying the viewing distance, target complexity, disparity velocity, lighting condition and background luminance. Base-up prisms were introduced to create vertical disparity in the peripheral retinal area, whereas an offset compensation was added in the central area...
July 15, 2016: Current Eye Research
Caroline W Vargason, James G Chelnis, Behin I Barahimi, Louise A Mawn
Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an inflammatory, autoimmune orbitopathy with multifactorial etiology. Clinical presentation of TED spans a range from mild surface irritation to vision threatening compressive optic neuropathy. Potential vision loss underscores the importance of understanding genetic and environmental factors influencing the severity of TED presentation. This review will describe the classic risk factors for TED, outline treatments for Graves' disease (GD) and TED, and describe newer evidence of socioeconomic disparities in TED presentation...
2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Ana-Maria Forsea
Cancer registries (CR) are the fundamental source of objective cancer data, and thus are indispensable for the evaluation of the cancer burden and for design of effective cancer control plans. Their potential roles spread far beyond epidemiological research, from the exploration of the causes of cancer to health economics, from the evaluation of mass screening programmes to monitoring the quality and outcomes of health services, from addressing the inequalities in access to healthcare, to patients' quality of life analyses, from treatment safety to the development of biomarkers...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Sheila T Angeles-Han, Consuelo Egla Rabinovich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review provides updates on novel risk markers for the development of pediatric inflammatory uveitis and a severe disease course, on treatment of refractory disease, and on the measurement of visual outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: There are several new genetic markers, biomarkers, and clinical factors that may influence a child's uveitis disease course. It is important to identify children at risk for poor visual outcomes and who are refractory to traditional therapy...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Stephan Velsko, Thomas Bates
Despite numerous calls for improvement, the US biosurveillance enterprise remains a patchwork of uncoordinated systems that fail to take advantage of the rapid progress in information processing, communication, and analytics made in the past decade. By synthesizing components from the extensive biosurveillance literature, we propose a conceptual framework for a national biosurveillance architecture and provide suggestions for implementation. The framework differs from the current federal biosurveillance development pathway in that it is not focused on systems useful for "situational awareness" but is instead focused on the long-term goal of having true warning capabilities...
May 2016: Health Security
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"