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heat ablation

Sung-Young Yoon, Gon-Ho Kim, Yushin Kim, Nack Hwan Kim, Sangheon Lee, Christina Kawai, Youngki Hong
OBJECTIVE:  A minimally invasive procedure for intervertebral disk resection using plasma beams has been developed. Conventional parameters for the plasma procedure such as voltage and tip speed mainly rely on the surgeon's personal experience, without adequate evidence from experiments. Our objective was to determine the optimal parameters for plasma disk resection. METHODS:  Rate of ablation was measured at different procedural tip speeds and voltages using porcine nucleus pulposi...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Donagh A Healy, Shiori Kimura, David Power, Abubaker Elhaj, Yasser Abdeldaim, Keith S Cross, Gerard T McGreal, Paul E Burke, Tony Moloney, Brian J Manning, Eamon G Kavanagh
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the incidence of thrombotic events following great saphenous vein (GSV) endovenous thermal ablation (EVTA). METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and conference abstracts were searched. Eligible studies were randomised controlled trials and case series that included at least 100 patients who underwent GSV EVTA (laser ablation or radiofrequency ablation [RFA]) with duplex ultrasound (DUS) within 30 days...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Daniela Gompelmann, Pallav L Shah, Arschang Valipour, Felix J F Herth
Bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation (BTVA) represents one of the endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) techniques that aims at hyperinflation reduction in patients with advanced emphysema to improve respiratory mechanics. By targeted segmental vapor ablation, an inflammatory response leads to tissue and volume reduction of the most diseased emphysematous segments. So far, BTVA has been demonstrated in several single-arm trials and 1 multinational randomized controlled trial to improve lung function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with upper lobe-predominant emphysema irrespective of the collateral ventilation...
June 12, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Kiri A Sandler, Fereidoun Abtin, Robert Suh, Ryan R Cook, Carol Felix, Jay M Lee, Edward B Garon, Jeffrey Wu, Elaine M Luterstein, Nzhde Agazaryan, Stephen E Tenn, Chul Lee, Michael L Steinberg, Percy Lee
PURPOSE: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and heat-based ablation (HBA) are both potentially safe and effective treatments for primary and metastatic lung tumors. Both are suboptimal for centrally located tumors, with SBRT having a higher risk of significant toxicity and HBA having lower efficacy. This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of combination SBRT-HBA to determine whether combined treatment can result in superior outcomes to each treatment alone. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with 1 or 2 primary or metastatic lung tumors ≤ 5 cm in size were enrolled in a prospective phase 2 trial and treated with SBRT in 3 fractions followed by HBA...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Marcio Luiz Dos Santos, Carla Dos Santos Riccardi, Edson de Almeida Filho, Antonio C Guastaldi
Ti-15Mo alloy samples were irradiated by pulsed Yb: YAG laser beam under air and atmospheric pressure. Calcium phosphate coatings were deposited on the irradiated surfaces by the sol-gel method. The sol was prepared from the precursors Ca (NO3 )2 .4H2 O and H3 PO4 . The modified surfaces were submitted to heat treatment conditions at 350 and 600 °C. The results showed that the two conditions established have a sufficient energy to promote ablation on the laser beam irradiated surfaces. Likewise, it has been demonstrated the processes of fusion and fast solidification from the laser beam irradiation, under ambient atmosphere, inducing the formation of stoichiometric TiO2 and non-stoichiometric titanium oxides, including Ti3 O5 , TiO, Ti3 O and Ti6 O with different oxide percentages depending on the fluency used...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Kangwei Zhang, Jincheng Zou, Kun He, Lichao Xu, Ping Liu, Wentao Li, Aili Zhang, Lisa X Xu
In our previous animal model study, we found that radiofrequency (RF) ablation of pre-frozen tumor resulted in improved therapeutic effects. To understand the underlying mechanisms and optimize the treatment protocol, the RF heating pattern in pre-frozen tissue was studied in this paper. Both ex vivo and in vivo experiments were conducted to compare the temperature profiles of RF heating with or without pre-freezing. Results showed that the heating rate of in vivo tissues was significantly higher with pre-freezing...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Yuntao Ma, Jincheng Zou, Aili Zhang
In order to solve the heat transfer mechanism in radiofrequency treatment of atherosclerosis, we design two experimental structures to simulate the plaque, and use three frequencies and a variety of electrode arrangement, to study the heat transfer mechanism and heating capacity under the special structure. The results show that the temperature increment and heating area increase with increasing frequency. Under the structure in which the lipid particles are embedded in the fiber cap, using three electrodes with opposite polar arrangement between middle electrode and others, achieves effective heating to lipid pool in the plaque...
July 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation
Thomas Grosges, Dominique Barchiesi
In cancer therapy, the thermal ablation of diseased cells by embedded nanoparticles is one of the known therapies. It is based on the absorption of the energy of the illuminating laser by nanoparticles. The resulting heating of nanoparticles kills the cell where these photothermal agents are embedded. One of the main constraints of this therapy is preserving the surrounding healthy cells. Therefore, two parameters are of interest. The first one is the thermal ablation characteristic length, which corresponds to an action distance around the nanoparticles for which the temperature exceeds the ablation threshold...
May 31, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Federico Bech, Omar González-González, Enol Artime, Joana Serrano, Ignacio Alcalde, Juana Gallar, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Carlos Belmonte
Purpose: To define the characteristics and time course of the morphologic and functional changes experienced by corneal sensory nerves after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Methods: Unilateral corneal excimer laser photoablation was performed in 54 anesthetized 3- to 6-month-old mice; 11 naïve animals served as control. Mice were killed 0, 3, 7, 15, and 30 days after PRK. Excised eyes were placed in a recording chamber superfused at 34°C. Electrical nerve impulse activity of single sensory terminals was recorded with a micropipette applied onto the corneal surface...
May 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Thomas Arendt Nielsen, Matilde Alida Eriksen, Parisa Gazerani, Hjalte Holm Andersen
The TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptors are important pharmaceutical targets for antipruritic and analgesic therapy. Obtaining further knowledge on their roles and inter-relationship in humans is therefore crucial. Preclinical results are contradictory concerning co-expression and functional interdependency of TRPV1 and TRPA1 but no human evidence exists. This human experimental study investigated whether functional responses from the subpopulation of TRPA1-nociceptors could be evoked following defunctionalization of TRPV1-nociceptors by cutaneous application of high-concentration capsaicin...
May 25, 2018: Pain
Matthias Domke, Sebastian Wick, Maike Laible, Stephan Rapp, Heinz P Huber, Ronald Sroka
Several studies on hard tissue laser ablation demonstrated that ultrafast lasers enable precise material removal without thermal side effects. Although the principle ablation mechanisms have been thoroughly investigated, there are still open questions regarding the influence of material properties on transient dynamics. In this investigation, we applied pump-probe microscopy to record ablation dynamics of biomaterials with different tensile strengths (dentin, chicken bone, gallstone, kidney stones) at delay times between 1 ps and 10 μs...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Silvia Lo Vecchio, Hjalte Holm Andersen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen
Topically applied high-concentration capsaicin induces reversible dermo-epidermal denervation and depletion of capsaicin-sensitive nociceptors. This causes desensitization of distinct sensory modalities and is used to treat peripheral neuropathic pain and itch. For high-concentration capsaicin, the selectivity of loss of function and functional recovery rates of various afferent fibers subpopulations are unknown. This study used comprehensive quantitative sensory testing and vasomotor imaging to assess effectiveness, duration and sensory selectivity of high-concentration 8% capsaicin-ablation...
May 29, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Arjun Prasad Tiwari, Tae In Hwang, Jung-Mi Oh, Bikendra Maharjan, Sungkun Chun, Beom Su Kim, Mahesh Kumar Kumar Joshi, Chan Hee Park, Cheol Sang Kim
Localized drug delivery systems (LDDS) are a promising approach for cancer treatment, because they decrease systematic toxicity, and enhance the therapeutic effect of the drugs via site-specific delivery of active compounds and possible gradual release. However, the development of LDDS with rationally controlled drug release and intelligent functionality holds great challenge. To this end, we have developed a tailorable fibrous site-specific drug delivery platform functionalized with pH and NIR-responsive polypyrrole (PPy), with the aim of cancer treatment via a combination of photothermal ablation and chemotherapy...
May 29, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chiara Lomazzi, Viviana Grassi, Sara Segreti, Marta Cova, Daniele Bissacco, Ruth L Bush, Santi Trimarchi
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to identify pre-operative color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) variables predictive of post-operative endovenous heat induced thrombosis (EHIT) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the saphenous veins. DESIGN: This was a single centre, observational study with retrospective analysis of consecutive patients treated from December 2010 to February 2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-operatively, the diameter of the sapheno-femoral junction (dSFJ), distance between epigastric vein and SFJ (dEV-SFJ), maximum great saphenous vein (GSV) diameter (mdGSV), diameter of the saphenous-popliteal junction (dSPJ), and mean small saphenous vein (SSV) diameter (adSSV) were measured...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Shuang Liang, Zhongxi Xie, Yi Wei, Ziyong Cheng, Yanqiu Han, Jun Lin
Recently, near-infrared (NIR) light responsive drug delivery systems have attracted much attention for tumor therapy. Herein, we have successfully constructed a smart nanocarrier system Cu9S5-PEI-DNA-DOX (labelled as CPD-DOX) based on the self-assembly of hydrophobic Cu9S5 nanoparticles (NPs), poly(ethylene imine) (PEI), double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) segments and the anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (DOX). Among them, Cu9S5 NPs can serve as a nano-transducer for absorbing and converting near-infrared light to heat...
May 23, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
John M Baust, Anthony Robilotto, Peter Guerra, Kristi K Snyder, Robert G Van Buskirk, Marc Dubuc, John G Baust
Objectives: Cryoablation is an effective alternative treatment for cardiac arrhythmias offering shortened recovery and reduced side effects. As the use of cryoablation increases, the need for new devices and procedures has emerged. This has been driven by technological limitations including lengthy periods to generate a single lesion (3-5 min), uncertain transmurality, and differential efficacy. Furthermore, due to limited ablation capacity under high heat loads, cryo has had limited success in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
Eric J Keller, Meghan Porter, Joy E Garrett, Meredith Varie, Haiyan Wang, Karen E Pollok, John J Turchi, Jeffrey M Zaleski, Joseph R Dynlacht
Enediynes are a highly cytotoxic class of compounds. However, metallation of these compounds may modulate their activation, and thus their cytotoxicity. We previously demonstrated that cytotoxicity of two different metalloenediynes, including (Z)-N,N'-bis[1-pyridyl-2-yl-meth-(E)-ylidene]octa-4-ene-2,6-diyne-1,8-diamine] (PyED), is potentiated when the compounds are administered to HeLa cells during hyperthermia treatment at concentrations that are minimally or not cytotoxic at 37°C. In this study, we further characterized the concentration, time and temperature dependence of cytotoxicity of PyED on human U-1 melanoma cells...
May 15, 2018: Radiation Research
Hakan Oral, Konstantinos C Siontis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
Chandrasekar Palaniswamy, Jacob S Koruth, Alexander J Mittnacht, Marc A Miller, Subbarao Choudry, Rahul Bhardwaj, Dinesh Sharma, Jonathan M Willner, Sujata S Balulad, Elizabeth Verghese, Georgios Syros, Anurag Singh, Srinivas R Dukkipati, Vivek Y Reddy
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the extent of lateral esophageal displacement required during mechanical esophageal deviation (MED) and to eliminate luminal esophageal temperature elevation (LETElev ) during pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. BACKGROUND: MED is a conceptually attractive strategy of minimizing esophageal injury while allowing uninterrupted energy delivery along the posterior left atrium during PV isolation. METHODS: MED was performed using a malleable metal stylet within a plastic tube placed within the esophagus...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
Chris Mehta, Anthony Perez, Glenn Thompson, Matthew A Pasek
A hypothesis in prebiotic chemistry argues that organics were delivered to the early Earth in abundance by meteoritic sources. This study tests that hypothesis by measuring how the transfer of organic matter to the surface of Earth is affected by energy-dissipation processes such as ablation and airbursts. Exogenous delivery has been relied upon as a source of primordial material, but it must stand to reason that other avenues (i.e., hydrothermal vents, electric discharge) played a bigger role in the formation of life as we know it on Earth if exogenous material was unable to deliver significant quantities of organics...
May 12, 2018: Life
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