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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527529/image-guided-ablation-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
T M Wah
This review article aims to provide an overview of image-guided ablation of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) since it was first introduced in 1998. This will cover the background and rationale behind its development; an overview of the evidence for current thermal technology, such as heat-based, e.g., radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation (MWA), and cold-based energies, e.g., cryoablation used; and summarise the published evidence regarding its treatment efficacy and oncological outcome. In addition, it aims to provide an insight into the potential role of the new non-thermal ablative technology, e...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526827/activated-hepatic-stellate-cells-secrete-periostin-to-induce-stem-cell-like-phenotype-of-residual-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-after-heat-treatment
#2
Rui Zhang, Rong-Rong Yao, Jing-Huan Li, Gang Dong, Min Ma, Qiong-Dan Zheng, Dong-Mei Gao, Jie-Feng Cui, Zheng-Gang Ren, Rong-Xin Chen
Some evidences show that residual tumor after thermal ablation will progress rapidly. However, its mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we assessed whether activated HSCs could regulate stem cell-like property of residual tumor after incomplete thermal ablation to promote tumor progression. Human HCC cell lines were exposed to sublethal heat treatment to simulate the peripheral zone of thermal ablation. After residual HCC cells were cultured with conditional medium (CM) from activated HSCs, parameters of the stem cell-like phenotypes were analyzed...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516985/gate-controlled-heat-generation-in-zno-nanowire-fets
#3
Andrea Pescaglini, Subhajit Biswas, Davide Cammi, Carsten Ronning, Justin D Holmes, Daniela Iacopino
Nanoscale heating production using nanowires has been shown to be particularly attractive for a number of applications including nanostructure growth, localized doping, transparent heating and sensing. However, all proof-of-concept devices proposed so far relied on the use of highly conductive nanomaterials, typically metals or highly doped semiconductors. In this article, we demonstrate a novel nanoheater architecture based on a single semiconductor nanowire field-effect transistor (NW-FET). Nominally undoped ZnO nanowires were incorporated into three-terminal devices whereby control of the nanowire temperature at a given source-drain bias was achieved by additional charge carriers capacitatively induced via the third gate electrode...
May 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516051/evaluation-of-mr-thermometry-with-proton-resonance-frequency-method-at-7t
#4
Ping Wang
Quantitative and non-invasive temperature mapping using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a unique way to measure temperature evolution inside biological tissues. The method is widely used in thermal ablation procedures with magnetic fields at or below 3T. In this paper, the sensitivity of the MRI thermometry at 7T was studied using a proton resonance frequency (PRF)-based technique. We first used an agarose gel phantom with MR-compatible thermometry to calibrate the temperature coefficient, and then this temperature coefficient was employed to measure the internal temperature in both ex vivo (beef muscle) and in vivo (rat) experiments using focused ultrasound heating...
April 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515311/control-of-hsp90-chaperone-and-its-clients-by-n-terminal-acetylation-and-the-n-end-rule-pathway
#5
Jang-Hyun Oh, Ju-Yeon Hyun, Alexander Varshavsky
We found that the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) chaperone system of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is greatly impaired in naa10Δ cells, which lack the NatA N(α)-terminal acetylase (Nt-acetylase) and therefore cannot N-terminally acetylate a majority of normally N-terminally acetylated proteins, including Hsp90 and most of its cochaperones. Chk1, a mitotic checkpoint kinase and a client of Hsp90, was degraded relatively slowly in wild-type cells but was rapidly destroyed in naa10Δ cells by the Arg/N-end rule pathway, which recognized a C terminus-proximal degron of Chk1...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514898/assessment-of-cryosurgical-device-performance-using-a-3d-tissue-engineered-cancer-model
#6
John M Baust, Anthony Robilotto, Kristi K Snyder, Kimberly Santucci, Jennie Stewart, Robert Van Buskirk, John G Baust
As the clinical use of cryoablation for the treatment of cancer has increased, so too has the need for knowledge on the dynamic environment within the frozen mass created by a cryoprobe. While a number of factors exist, an understanding of the iceball size, critical isotherm distribution/penetration, and the resultant lethal zone created by a cryoprobe are critical for clinical application. To this end, cryoprobe performance is typically characterized based on the iceball size and temperature penetration in phantom gel models...
January 1, 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511267/thermal-ablation-of-lung-tumors-focus-on-microwave%C3%A2-ablation
#7
Thomas J Vogl, Nour-Eldin A Nour-Eldin, Moritz Albrecht, Benjamin Kaltenbach, Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Han Lin, Bita Panahi, Kathrin Eichler, Tatjana Gruber-Rouh, Andrei Roman
Background Image-guided thermal ablation can be used for the treatment of medically inoperable primary and metastatic lung cancer. These techniques are based on the heating up or freezing (cryoablation) of a volume of tissue around a percutaneous applicator that induces necrosis of the tumor. Method The English-language literature concerning thermal ablation of the lung was reviewed. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is the most widely performed and investigated of these techniques. Microwave ablation (MWA) represents a relatively new alternative that shares the same indications and is conducted in a very similar fashion as RFA...
May 16, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498038/determination-of-metal-elements-in-wine-using-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-libs
#8
Jana Bocková, Ye Tian, Hualiang Yin, Nicole Delepine-Gilon, Yanping Chen, Pavel Veis, Jin Yu
We developed a method for sensitive elemental analysis of wines using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). In order to overcome the inefficiency of direct ablation of bulk wine (an organic liquid), a thin layer of wine residue was prepared on a metallic target according to an appropriated heating procedure applied to an amount of liquid wine dropped on the target surface. The obtained ensemble was thus ablated. Such a sample preparation procedure used a very small volume of 2 mL of wine and took only 30 min without reagent or solvent...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490991/other-non-surgical-treatments-for-liver-cancer
#9
Paul Revel-Mouroz, Philippe Otal, Marion Jaffro, Antoine Petermann, Olivier Meyrignac, Pierre Rabinel, Fatima-Zohra Mokrane
Interventional radiology plays a major role in the modern management of liver cancers, in primary hepatic malignancies or metastases and in palliative or curative situations. Radiological treatments are divided in two categories based on their approach: endovascular treatment and direct transcapsular access. Endovascular treatments include mainly three applications: transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), transarterial radioembolization (TARE) and portal vein embolization (PVE). TACE and TARE share an endovascular arterial approach, consisting of a selective catheterization of the hepatic artery or its branches...
March 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485431/skin-safe-photothermal-therapy-enabled-by-responsive-release-of-acid-activated-membrane-disruptive-polymer-from-polydopamine-nanoparticle-upon-very-low-laser-irradiation
#10
Rui Zhu, Feng Gao, Ji-Gang Piao, Lihua Yang
How to ablate tumor without damaging skin is a challenge for photothermal therapy. We, herein, report skin-safe photothermal cancer therapy provided by the responsive release of acid-activated hemolytic polymer (aHLP) from the photothermal polydopamine (PDA) nanoparticle upon irradiation at very low dosage. Upon skin-permissible irradiation (via an 850 nm laser irradiation at the power density of 0.4 W cm(-2)), the nanoparticle aHLP-PDA generates sufficient localized-heat to bring about mild hyperthermia treatment and consequently, responsively sheds off the aHLP polymer from its PDA nanocore; this leads to selective cytotoxicity to cancer cells under the acidic conditions of the extracellular microenvironment of tumor...
May 9, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475107/evaluation-of-a-novel-therapeutic-focused-ultrasound-transducer-based-on-fermat-s-spiral
#11
P Ramaekers, M de Greef, R Berriet, C T W Moonen, M Ries
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel phased array transducer design rule for therapeutic focused ultrasound applications. This design rule uses the discretized Fermat's spiral to determine the positioning of the transducer elements for a given number of elements and f-number. Using this principle, three variations of Fermat's spiral were generated, aimed at (1) grating lobe minimization, (2) side lobe minimization, and (3) an optimized element packing efficiency. For each spiral, sparse layouts using identical circular elements and fully populated layouts based on additional Voronoi tessellation were evaluated numerically...
May 5, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474938/neutron-generation-by-laser-driven-spherically-convergent-plasma-fusion
#12
G Ren, J Yan, J Liu, K Lan, Y H Chen, W Y Huo, Z Fan, X Zhang, J Zheng, Z Chen, W Jiang, L Chen, Q Tang, Z Yuan, F Wang, S Jiang, Y Ding, W Zhang, X T He
We investigate a new laser-driven spherically convergent plasma fusion scheme (SCPF) that can produce thermonuclear neutrons stably and efficiently. In the SCPF scheme, laser beams of nanosecond pulse duration and 10^{14}-10^{15}  W/cm^{2} intensity uniformly irradiate the fuel layer lined inside a spherical hohlraum. The fuel layer is ablated and heated to expand inwards. Eventually, the hot fuel plasmas converge, collide, merge, and stagnate at the central region, converting most of their kinetic energy to internal energy, forming a thermonuclear fusion fireball...
April 21, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472102/injectable-plga-fe3o4-implants-carrying-cisplatin-for-synergistic-magnetic-hyperthermal-ablation-of-rabbit-vx2-tumor
#13
Yang Yang, Fengjuan Wang, Kaiyuan Zheng, Liming Deng, Lu Yang, Nan Zhang, Chunyan Xu, Haitao Ran, Zhaoxia Wang, Zhigang Wang, Yuanyi Zheng
Magnetic hyperthermia ablation has attracted wide attention in tumor therapy for its minimal invasion. Although the chemo-hyperthermal synergism has been proven to be effective in subcutaneously xenografted tumors of nude mice in our previous experiment, the occurrence of residual tumors due to incomplete ablation is more common in relatively larger and deeper-seated tumors in anti-tumor therapy. Thus, a larger tumor and larger animal model are needed for further study of the therapeutic efficacy. In this study, we tested the efficiency of this newly developed technique using a rabbit tumor model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456355/potential-mechanisms-of-vascular-thrombosis-after-microwave-ablation-in-an%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-vivo-liver
#14
Jason Chiang, Kwang Nickel, Randall J Kimple, Christopher L Brace
PURPOSE: To evaluate potential biologic and thermal mechanisms of the observed differences in thrombosis rates between hepatic vessels during microwave (MW) ablation procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MW ablation antennae were placed in single liver lobes of 2 in vivo porcine liver models (n = 3 in each animal; N = 6 total) in the proximity of a large (> 5 mm) portal vein (PV) and hepatic veins (HVs). Each ablation was performed with 100 W for 5 minutes. Conventional ultrasound imaging and intravascular temperature probes were used to evaluate vessel patency and temperature changes during the ablation procedure...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452907/in-a-mouse-model-of-sepsis-hepcidin-ablation-ameliorates-anemia-more-effectively-than-iron-and-erythropoietin-treatment
#15
Eeman Khorramian, Eileen Fung, Kristine Chua, Victoria Gabayan, Tomas Ganz, Elizabeta Nemeth, Airie Kim
Intensive Care Unit (ICU) anemia is an extreme version of anemia of inflammation (AI) that occurs commonly in critically ill patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Currently available therapies for ICU anemia have shown inconsistent efficacies in clinical trials. We conducted a systematic study of the effects of early versus delayed iron (Fe) and/or erythropoietin (EPO) therapy in our previously characterized mouse model of ICU anemia based on an injection of heat-killed Brucella abortus (BA)...
April 27, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447447/nuclear-targeting-gold-nanorods-for-extremely-low-nir-activated-photothermal-therapy
#16
Limin Pan, Jianan Liu, Jianlin Shi
Photorelated nanomedicine is of particular interest as an emerging paradigm toward precise cancer therapy, as demonstrated by recent developments of photothermal therapy (PTT), an emerging technique employing light-converting agents to burn cancerous cells by overdosed optical energy-converted heat. However, most of the laser irradiations needed for effective PTT significantly exceed the maximal permissible power density in human skin, which is likely to damage surrounding normal tissues. Herein, we report a strategy of intranuclear PTT of cancer enabled by nuclear-targeted delivery of gold nanorods of ∼10...
May 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445007/cobalt-phosphide-double-shelled-nanocages-broadband-light-harvesting-nanostructures-for-efficient-photothermal-therapy-and-self-powered-photoelectrochemical-biosensing
#17
Jingqi Tian, Houjuan Zhu, Jie Chen, Xinting Zheng, Hongwei Duan, Kanyi Pu, Peng Chen
Ultra-broadband light-absorbing materials are highly desired for effective solar-energy harvesting. Herein, novel cobalt phosphide double-shelled nanocages (CoP-NCs) are synthesized. Uniquely, these CoP-NCs are able to nonselectively absorb light spanning the full solar spectrum, benefiting from its electronic properties and hollow nanostructure. They promise a wide range of applications involving solar energy utilization. As proof-of-concept demonstrations, CoP-NCs are employed here as effective photothermal agents to ablate cancer cells by utilizing their ability of near-infrared heat conversion, and as photoactive material for self-powered photoelectrochemical sensing by taking advantage of their ability of photon-to-electricity conversion...
April 26, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437625/imaging-guided-synergetic-therapy-of-orthotopic-transplantation-tumor-by-superselectively-arterial-administration-of-microwave-induced-microcapsules
#18
Shunsong Tang, Changhui Fu, Longfei Tan, Tianlong Liu, Jingsong Mao, Xiangling Ren, Hongying Su, Dan Long, Qianqian Chai, Zhongbing Huang, Xudong Chen, Jingzhuo Wang, Jun Ren, Xianwei Meng
It is an ambitious target to improve overall Hepatocellular Carcinoma therapeutic effects. Recently, MW ablation has emerged as a powerful thermal ablation technique, affording favorable survival with excellent local tumor control. To achieve better therapeutic effects of MW ablation, MW sensitizers are prepared for enhanced MW ablation to preferentially heat tumor territory. However, it is still not practicable for treatment of the orthotopic transplantation tumor. Herein, biocompatible and degradable methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (mPEG-PLGA) microcapsules with hierarchical structure have been designed for microwave-induced tumor therapy...
April 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430035/noninvasive-neuromodulation-and-thalamic-mapping-with-low-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#19
Robert F Dallapiazza, Kelsie F Timbie, Stephen Holmberg, Jeremy Gatesman, M Beatriz Lopes, Richard J Price, G Wilson Miller, W Jeffrey Elias
OBJECTIVE Ultrasound can be precisely focused through the intact human skull to target deep regions of the brain for stereotactic ablations. Acoustic energy at much lower intensities is capable of both exciting and inhibiting neural tissues without causing tissue heating or damage. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the effects of low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) for neuromodulation and selective mapping in the thalamus of a large-brain animal. METHODS Ten Yorkshire swine ( Sus scrofa domesticus) were used in this study...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423462/geochemical-signatures-of-benthic-foraminiferal-shells-from-a-heat-polluted-shallow-marine-environment-provide-field-evidence-for-growth-and-calcification-under-extreme-warmth
#20
Danna Titelboim, Aleksey Sadekov, Ahuva Almogi-Labin, Barak Herut, Michal Kucera, Christiane Schmidt, Orit Hyams-Kaphzan, Sigal Abramovich
Shallow marine calcifiers play an important role as marine ecosystem engineers and in the global carbon cycle. Understanding their response to warming is essential to evaluate the fate of marine ecosystems under global change scenarios. A rare opportunity to test the effect of warming acting on natural ecosystems is by investigation of heat-polluted areas. Here we study growth and calcification in benthic foraminifera that inhabit a thermally polluted coastal area in Israel, where they are exposed to elevated temperatures reaching up to ~42°C in summer...
April 19, 2017: Global Change Biology
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