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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916815/changes-in-biochemical-parameters-of-the-calcium-phosphorus-homeostasis-in-relation-to-nutritional-intake-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#1
Viola Christmann, Charlotte J W Gradussen, Michelle N Körnmann, Nel Roeleveld, Johannes B van Goudoever, Arno F J van Heijst
Preterm infants are at significant risk to develop reduced bone mineralization based on inadequate supply of calcium and phosphorus (Ca-P). Biochemical parameters can be used to evaluate the nutritional intake. The direct effect of nutritional intake on changes in biochemical parameters has not been studied. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of Ca-P supplementation on biochemical markers as serum (s)/urinary (u) Ca and P; alkaline phosphatase (ALP); tubular reabsorption of P (TrP); and urinary ratios for Ca/creatinin (creat) and P/creatinin in Very-Low-Birth-Weight infants on Postnatal Days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914983/neuropeptide-y-y1-receptor-mediated-biodegradable-photoluminescent-nanobubbles-as-ultrasound-contrast-agents-for-targeted-breast-cancer-imaging
#2
Juan Li, Yuchen Tian, Dingying Shan, An Gong, Leyong Zeng, Wenzhi Ren, Lingchao Xiang, Ethan Gerhard, Jinshun Zhao, Jian Yang, Aiguo Wu
Targeted molecular imaging has attracted great attention in cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, most clinically used ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) are non-targeted microbubbles seldom used for cancer imaging. Here, we fabricated fluorescent nanobubbles (NBs) by encapsulation of liquid tetradecafluorohexane (C6F14) within biodegradable photoluminescent polymers (BPLPs) through an emulsion-evaporation process and conjugation of PNBL-NPY ligand for specific targeting of Y1 receptors overexpressed in breast tumors...
November 22, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901181/evaluation-of-preoperative-ultrasonographic-and-biochemical-features-of-patients-with-aggressive-parathyroid-disease-is-there-a-reliable-predictive-marker
#3
Bekir Cakir, Sefika Burcak Polat, Mehmet Kilic, Didem Ozdemir, Cevdet Aydin, Nuran Süngü, Reyhan Ersoy
Objective: Parathyroid cancer (PC) represents < 1% of cases of PHPT. Tumors demonstrating atypical histopathologic features and don't fulfill criteria for carcinoma are classified as atypical adenomas (APA). The purpose of this study was to determine a biochemical or ultrasonographic feature that can predict aggressive disease requiring more extensive surgery and closer follow-up. Subjects and methods: Twenty eight patients operated for PHPT and diagnosed with atypical adenoma (23 patients) or carcinoma (5 patients) were enrolled in this study...
November 24, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896329/myasthenia-gravis-with-acute-respiratory-failure-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Hasan Huseyin Kozak, Ali Ulvi Uca, Turgut Teke, Mustafa Altas, Emine Karatas
Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is defined as a sudden malfunction in the ability of respiratory system to maintain adequate gas exchange. Acute hypercapnic respiratory failure develops as a result of ventilation deficiency and it is defined as an increase of PaCO2 above 45 mmHg. Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a sporadically developing auto-immune deficiency where the neuro-muscular transmission is affected and it is one of the important reasons for neurologically-induced respiratory distress. Here, we report a case of a 75-year-old male patient previously undiagnosed MG, who presented with ARF...
June 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892760/microbubble-mediated-ultrasound-drug-delivery-and-therapeutic-monitoring
#5
Charles A Sennoga, Emma Kanbar, Laurent Auboire, Paul-Armand Dujardin, Damien Fouan, Jean-Michel Escoffre, Ayache Bouakaz
Recent developments in ultrasound imaging and ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) improved diagnostic confidence in echography and set into motion their combined use as a tool for drug delivery and therapeutic monitoring. Non-invasive, precise and targeted delivery of drug molecules to pathological tissues by employing different mechanisms of drug release is becoming feasible. Areas covered: We sought to describe: the nature and features of UCAs; outline current contrast-specific imaging modes; before describing a variety of strategies for using ultrasound and microbubbles as a drug delivery system...
November 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860550/contrast-enhanced-us-guided-interventions-improving-success-rate-and-avoiding-complications-using-us-contrast-agents
#6
Dean Y Huang, Gibran T Yusuf, Mohammad Daneshi, Mohammad Ali Husainy, Raymond Ramnarine, Maria E K Sellars, Paul S Sidhu
Ultrasonography (US) is an established modality for intervention. The introduction of microbubble US contrast agents (UCAs) has the potential to further improve US imaging for intervention. According to licensing, UCAs are currently approved for clinical use in restricted situations, but many additional indications have become accepted as having clinical value. The use of UCAs has been shown to be safe, and there is no risk of renal toxic effects, unlike with iodinated or gadolinium contrast medium. Broadly speaking, UCAs can be injected into the bloodstream (intravascular use) or instilled into almost any accessible body cavity (endocavitary use), either in isolation or synchronously...
November 18, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858294/sleep-quality-morningness-eveningness-preference-mood-profile-and-levels-of-serum-melatonin-in-migraine-patients-a-case-control-study
#7
Hasan Hüseyin Kozak, Murat Boysan, Ali Ulvi Uca, Adem Aydın, İbrahim Kılınç, Emine Genç, Mustafa Altaş, Dilara Cari Güngör, Keziban Turgut, Nejla Özer
The melatonin as the pineal gland's secretory product is implicated in the pathophysiology of migraine. Melatonin has critical functions in human physiology, and research underscores the importance of melatonin in circadian rhythm, sleep, and mood regulation. Clinical observations have indicated that migraine attacks have a seasonal, menstrual, and circadian timing, suggesting that chronobiological mechanisms and their alterations may causally involve in the etiology of the disease. However, the topic has received relatively little attention in the migraine literature...
November 17, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836683/fiddler-crabs-uca-spp-as-model-hosts-for-laboratory-infections-of-hematodinium-perezi
#8
Patricia A O'Leary, Jeffrey D Shields
The parasitic dinoflagellate, Hematodinium perezi, negatively impacts the commercially important blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. The parasite is a host generalist, but it has not been reported from littoral fiddler crabs living within a few meters of habitat known to harbor infected blue crabs. In the first study, populations of three species of fiddler crab were screened for natural infections. The infection status of field-collected and lab-inoculated crabs was determined by screening fresh hemolymph with a 0...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835907/biodegradable-double-targeted-ptx-mpeg-plga-nanoparticles-for-ultrasound-contrast-enhanced-imaging-and-antitumor-therapy-in-vitro
#9
Jing Ma, Ming Shen, Chang Song Xu, Ying Sun, You Rong Duan, Lian Fang Du
A porous-structure nano-scale ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) was made of monomethoxypoly (ethylene glycol)-poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (mPEG-PLGA), and modified by double-targeted antibody: anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and anti-carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), as a double-targeted nanoparticles (NPs). Anti-tumor drug paclitaxel (PTX) was encapsulated in the double-targeted nanoparticles (NPs). The morphor and release curve were characterized. We verified a certain anticancer effect of PTX-NPs through cytotoxicity experiments...
November 9, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829697/experiments-with-claw-models-explain-the-function-of-the-waving-display-of-ilyoplax-pusilla-brachyura-dotillidae
#10
Daichi Izumi, Yoko Kawano, Yasuhisa Henmi
Males of the dotillid crab, Ilyoplax pusilla, perform waving displays during the reproductive season. Unlike many fiddler crabs (genus Uca), however, the function of the waving display is unclear for this species. Experiments using waving and static claw models over short (10 cm) and long (25 cm) distances were conducted to investigate responses by wandering females to artificial waving signals. In long-distance choice experiments, presuming undirected waving to unseen females as broadcast waving, females were equally likely to approach the waving and static claw sections during the non-reproductive season, but significantly more females (65 %) chose the waving claw section during the reproductive season...
2016: Journal of Ethology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824024/ultrasound-contrast-agents
#11
REVIEW
Andre Ignee, Nathan S S Atkinson, Gudrun Schuessler, Christoph F Dietrich
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) plays an important role in imaging of the mediastinum and abdominal organs. Since the introduction of US contrast agents (UCA) for transabdominal US, attempts have been made to apply contrast-enhanced US techniques also to EUS. Since 2003, specific contrast-enhanced imaging was possible using EUS. Important studies have been published regarding contrast-enhanced EUS and the characterization of focal pancreatic lesions, lymph nodes, and subepithelial tumors. In this manuscript, we describe the relevant UCA, their application, and specific image acquisition as well as the principles of image tissue characterization using contrast-enhanced EUS...
November 8, 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816188/delirium-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-admitted-to-the-non-intensive-stroke-unit-incidence-and-association-between-clinical-features-and-inflammatory-markers
#12
Hasan Hüseyin Kozak, Faruk Uğuz, İbrahim Kılınç, Ali Ulvi Uca, Osman Serhat Tokgöz, Zehra Akpınar, Nejla Özer
BACKGROUND: Stroke patients with development of delirium have unfavorable outcomes, higher mortality, longer hospitalizations, and a greater degree of dependence after discharge. Studies suggest that delirium is associated with abnormal immunological responses and a resultant increase in inflammatory markers. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether there is an entity relationship between delirium, inflammation and acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: Sixty AIS patients admitted to the hospital were consecutively recruited...
October 24, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807499/nanomaterials-incorporated-ultrasound-contrast-agents-for-cancer-theranostics
#13
Lei Fu, Heng-Te Ke
Nanotechnology provides various nanomaterials with tremendous functionalities for cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. Recently, theranostics has been developed as an alternative strategy for efficient cancer treatment through combination of imaging diagnosis and therapeutic interventions under the guidance of diagnostic results. Ultrasound (US) imaging shows unique advantages with excellent features of real-time imaging, low cost, high safety and portability, making US contrast agents (UCAs) an ideal platform for construction of cancer theranostic agents...
September 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765938/long-non-coding-rna-lncrna-urothelial-carcinoma-associated-1-uca1-enhances-tamoxifen-resistance-in-breast-cancer-cells-via-inhibiting-mtor-signaling-pathway
#14
Chihua Wu, Jing Luo
BACKGROUND Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) UCA1 is an oncogene in breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of UCA1 in tamoxifen resistance of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS Tamoxifen sensitive MCF-7 cells were transfected for UCA1 overexpression, while tamoxifen resistant LCC2 and LCC9 cells were transfected with UCA siRNA for UCA1 knockdown. qRT-PCR was performed to analyze UCA1 expression. CCK-8 assay, immunofluorescence staining of cleaved caspase-9, and flow cytometric analysis of Annexin V/PI staining were used to assess tamoxifen sensitivity...
October 21, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751594/polymer-based-materials-in-cancer-treatment-from-therapeutic-carrier-and-ultrasound-contrast-agent-to-theranostic-applications
#15
REVIEW
Boriphat Methachan, Kamolrat Thanapprapasr
The emergence of theranostics with ultrasound technology is a promising development, as it opens pathways to providing more effective treatments for cancer. Advancements in ultrasound imaging would give a more detailed and accurate image for better diagnosis and treatment planning. Polymeric ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) are appealing because they are stable and easily modified for active targeting. In addition, a better therapy could be achieved in conjunction with advancements in UCAs. The active targeting not only makes the precise imaging possible, but also leads to targeted delivery of active components to specific local treatment sites...
January 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705855/nonlinear-imaging-of-microbubble-contrast-agent-using-the-volterra-filter-in-vivo-results
#16
Juan Du, Dalong Liu, Emad S Ebbini
A nonlinear filtering approach to imaging the dynamics of microbubble ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) in microvessels is presented. The approach is based on the adaptive third-order Volterra filter (TVF), which separates the linear, quadratic, and cubic components from beamformed pulse-echo ultrasound data. The TVF captures polynomial nonlinearities utilizing the full spectral components of the echo data and not from prespecified bands, e.g., second or third harmonics. This allows for imaging using broadband pulse transmission to preserve the axial resolution and the SNR...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703251/towards-dynamic-contrast-specific-ultrasound-tomography
#17
Libertario Demi, Ruud J G Van Sloun, Hessel Wijkstra, Massimo Mischi
We report on the first study demonstrating the ability of a recently-developed, contrast-enhanced, ultrasound imaging method, referred to as cumulative phase delay imaging (CPDI), to image and quantify ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) kinetics. Unlike standard ultrasound tomography, which exploits changes in speed of sound and attenuation, CPDI is based on a marker specific to UCAs, thus enabling dynamic contrast-specific ultrasound tomography (DCS-UST). For breast imaging, DCS-UST will lead to a more practical, faster, and less operator-dependent imaging procedure compared to standard echo-contrast, while preserving accurate imaging of contrast kinetics...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635072/cardiac-abnormalities-in-first-degree-relatives-of-unexplained-cardiac-arrest-victims-a-report-from-the-cardiac-arrest-survivors-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-registry
#18
Christian Steinberg, Gareth J Padfield, Jean Champagne, Shubhayan Sanatani, Paul Angaran, Jason G Andrade, Jason D Roberts, Jeffrey S Healey, Vijay S Chauhan, David H Birnie, Mikyla Janzen, Brenda Gerull, George J Klein, Richard Leather, Christopher S Simpson, Colette Seifer, Mario Talajic, Martin Gardner, Andrew D Krahn
BACKGROUND: Unexplained cardiac arrest (UCA) may be explained by inherited arrhythmia syndromes. The Cardiac Arrest Survivors With Preserved Ejection Fraction Registry prospectively assessed first-degree relatives of UCA or sudden unexplained death victims to screen for cardiac abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Around 398 first-degree family members (186 UCA, 212 sudden unexplained death victims' relatives; mean age, 44±17 years) underwent extensive cardiac workup, including ECG, signal averaged ECG, exercise testing, cardiac imaging, Holter-monitoring, and selective provocative drug testing with epinephrine or procainamide...
September 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628720/longitudinal-assessment-of-the-impact-of-the-use-of-the-uk-clinical-aptitude-test-for-medical-student-selection
#19
Jonathan Mathers, Alice Sitch, Jayne Parry
CONTEXT: Medical schools are increasingly using novel tools to select applicants. The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) is one such tool and measures mental abilities, attitudes and professional behaviour conducive to being a doctor using constructs likely to be less affected by socio-demographic factors than traditional measures of potential. Universities are free to use UKCAT as they see fit but three broad modalities have been observed: 'borderline', 'factor' and 'threshold'. This paper aims to provide the first longitudinal analyses assessing the impact of the different uses of UKCAT on making offers to applicants with different socio-demographic characteristics...
October 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621800/the-factors-and-motivations-behind-united-kingdom-chiropractic-professional-association-membership-a-survey-of-the-welsh-institute-of-chiropractic-alumni
#20
Sheena E Wotherspoon, Peter W McCarthy
BACKGROUND: There are many professional associations representing chiropractors and chiropractic in the United Kingdom (UK). Each has its unique selling points (USPs) and chiropractors can choose to join as many as they like; however, cost of membership has to be weighed against perceived benefits. The predictors of UK chiropractic association membership and motivational factors to join these associations, have not formally been identified. This research study aimed to identify some of the factors and motivations in Welsh Institute of Chiropractic (WIOC) Alumni regarding their decision to join (or not) a UK chiropractic professional association...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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