keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bronchitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731410/infectious-and-noninfectious-pulmonary-complications-in-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-disorders
#1
REVIEW
R Yazdani, H Abolhassani, M Asgardoon, M Shaghaghi, M Modaresi, G Azizi, A Aghamohammadi
Primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) are caused by 1 or more defects of the immune system. Patients are more likely to experience recurrent and/or severe infections and tend to develop a wide range of complications. Respiratory diseases are the main and initial manifestation in most cases and the most common complication. Pulmonary complications cause significant morbidity and mortality in patients with PIDs. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can prevent or at least slow the development of respiratory complications...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722078/true-prevalence-of-copd-and-its-association-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-the-internal-medicine-ward-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
Jonathan Tschopp, Philippe Dumont, Daniel Hayoz
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of confirmed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients aged 45 years or more who were admitted to the internal medicine ward of our tertiary care hospital (HFR Fribourg, Switzerland), and were either "tagged" as having COPD or at risk for COPD. The secondary objective was to determine the prevalence of the association of COPD with peripheral artery disease (PAD) in this population. METHODOLOGY: We evaluated all consecutive patients aged 45 years, admitted to our internal medicine ward between November 2013 and March 2014...
July 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719139/identification-of-metabolites-in-human-and-rat-urine-after-oral-administration-of-xiao-qing-long-tang-granule-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-combined-with-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#3
Lei Zhou, Qiang Zhang, Wen Qi, Shuai Yan, Jialin Qu, Toshiaki Makino, Dan Yuan
Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang is a traditional Chinese formula used for the treatment of cold syndrome, bronchitis, and nasal allergies for thousands of years. However, the in vivo integrated metabolism of its multiple components and the active chemical constituents of Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang remain unknown. In this study, a method using ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry was established for the detection and identification of the metabolites in human and rat urine after oral administration of Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712003/association-between-chronic-conditions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-differences-by-level-of-urbanization-in-peru
#4
Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Elizabeth Sarah Abbs, Maria Lazo-Porras, William Checkley, Robert H Gilman, Liam Smeeth, J Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of urbanization as an effect modifier for the association between specific chronic conditions and number of conditions with health-related quality of life (QOL). METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the CRONICAS Cohort Study conducted in Lima (highly urbanized), Tumbes (semi-urban), as well as rural and urban sites in Puno. Exposures of interest were chronic bronchitis, depressive mood, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and a composite variable aggregating the number of chronic conditions (the four exposures plus heart disease and stroke)...
July 15, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711959/a-multicentre-study-on-the-efficacy-safety-and-pharmacokinetics-of-iqymune%C3%A2-a-highly-purified-10-liquid-intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-patients-with-primary-immune-deficiency
#5
Gergely Krivan, Ludmila Chernyshova, Larysa Kostyuchenko, Andrzej Lange, Zoltan Nyul, Beata Derfalvi, Jacek Musial, Anne Bellon, Martin Kappler, Alain Sadoun, Ewa Bernatowska
This multicentre, open-label, prospective, single-arm study was designed to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of IqYmune®, a highly purified 10% polyvalent immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration in patients with primary immunodeficiency. IqYmune® was administered to 62 patients (aged 2-61 years) with X-linked agammaglobulinemia or common variable immune deficiency at a dose from 0.22 to 0.97 g/kg every 3 to 4 weeks for 12 months with an infusion rate up to 8 mL/kg/h...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705717/whole-genome-characterization-of-uruguayan-strains-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-reveals-extensive-recombination-between-the-two-major-south-american-lineages
#6
Ana Marandino, Gonzalo Tomás, Yanina Panzera, Gonzalo Greif, Adriana Parodi-Talice, Martín Hernández, Claudia Techera, Diego Hernández, Ruben Pérez
Infectious bronchitis virus (Gammacoronavirus, Coronaviridae) is a genetically variable RNA virus that causes one of the most persistent respiratory diseases in poultry. The virus is classified in genotypes and lineages with different epidemiological relevance. Two lineages of the GI genotype (11 and 16) have been widely circulating for decades in South America. GI-11 is an exclusive South American lineage while the GI-16 lineage is distributed in Asia, Europe and South America. Here, we obtained the whole genome of two Uruguayan strains of the GI-11 and GI-16 lineages using Illumina high-throughput sequencing...
July 10, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705307/a-new-method-for-enhanced-expectoration-of-sputum-by-vibratory-stimulation-of-the-cervical-trachea
#7
Mitsuhiro Kamimura, Nobuhisa Kameyama, Chie Homma, Tatsuya Ibe, Shinjiro Takeoka, Atsuto Mouri, Yoichiro Hamamoto
BACKGROUND: Expectoration of sputum can be difficult for patients with respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, or bronchiectasis because of the effects of decreased pulmonary function, respiratory muscle fatigue, altered sputum properties, and impaired ciliary function. We developed a new method for the vibratory stimulation of the cervical trachea and this study aimed to compare it with the Acapella (a current oscillation device) method...
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702854/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-pulmonary-diseases-associated-with-aspergillosis-is-there-a-connection
#8
Maria N Gamaletsou, David W Denning
INTRODUCTION: We studied the relationship between GORD and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA), or Aspergillus bronchitis. BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is well known to initiate or exacerbate pulmonary inflammatory conditions, inducing bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease. METHODS: We reviewed four patients referred with elevated Aspergillus serology markers and marked pulmonary symptoms for ABPA, CPA, and Aspergillus bronchitis, and discussed the underlying pathophysiological relationship with GORD...
July 12, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701117/antibiotics-for-acute-respiratory-infections-in-general-practice-comparison-of-prescribing-rates-with-guideline-recommendations
#9
Amanda R McCullough, Allan J Pollack, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Paul P Glasziou, David Fm Looke, Helena C Britt, Christopher B Del Mar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the current rate of antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in Australian general practice with the recommendations in the most widely consulted therapeutic guidelines in Australia (Therapeutic Guidelines). DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of general practice activity data for April 2010 - March 2015 (derived from Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health [BEACH] study) with estimated rates of prescribing recommended by Therapeutic Guidelines...
July 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696811/prevalence-clinical-characteristics-and-morbidity-of-the-asthma-copd-overlap-in-a-general-population-sample
#10
Linda Ekerljung, Roxana Mincheva, Stig Hagstad, Anders Bjerg, Gunilla Telg, Georgios Stratelis, Jan Lötvall
Objective Although asthma and COPD have been regarded as distinct conditions, emerging literature suggests that overlapping phenotypes exists, asthma-COPD overlap (ACO). The aim of this study was to describe prevalence, patient characteristics and morbidity of ACO. Methods From a cross-sectional population sample, the West Sweden Asthma Study, subjects with suspected asthma, chronic bronchitis or COPD, and a random sample, were invited to clinical examinations. ACO was defined as doctors diagnosed asthma, or clear clinical signs of asthma at examination, with a FEV1/FVC<0...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695715/patient-reported-signs-of-dampness-at-home-may-be-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Caroline Ahlroth Pind, María Gunnbjörnsdottír, Anders Bjerg, Bengt Järvholm, Bo Lundbäck, Andrei Malinovschi, Roelinde Middelveld, Johan Nilsson Sommar, Dan Norbäck, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: An association between dampness at home and respiratory conditions has been convincingly demonstrated in children. Fewer studies have been performed in adults and data are lacking for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). With a prevalence of 10.9% in Europe, CRS imposes a significant burden on quality of life, as well as economy. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study CRS and other respiratory conditions in relation to dampness at home in a representative sample of adults...
July 11, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693414/hypothetical-protein-cpn0423-triggers-nod2-activation-and-contributes-to-chlamydia-pneumoniae-mediated-inflammation
#12
Hong-Liang Chen, Guo-Zhi Dai, An-Wen Zhou, Ran-Hui Li, Hong-Xia Yuan, Jing Xiang, Xiao-Xing You, Ou Ran, Yi-Mou Wu
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) is pathogenic to humans, by causing pulmonary inflammation or bronchitis in both adolescents and young adults. However, the molecular signals linking C. pneumoniae components to inflammation remain elusive. This study was to investigate the effect of Chlamydia-specific Cpn0423 of C. pneumoniae on C. pneumoniae-mediated inflammation. RESULTS: Cpn0423 was detected outside of C. pneumoniae inclusions, which induced production of several cytokines including macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and interleukins (ILs)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692924/experimental-co-infection-of-infectious-bronchitis-and-low-pathogenic-avian-influenza-h9n2-viruses-in-commercial-broiler-chickens
#13
Kareem E Hassan, Ahmed Ali, Salama A S Shany, Magdy F El-Kady
In this study, commercial broilers were experimentally infected with single (classical IBV, variant IBV or AIV-H9N2) or mixed AIV-H9N2 with classical, variant or vaccine strains of IBV. Birds were monitored for clinical and pathological outcomes and virus shedding for 10days post infection (DPI). Clinical signs were limited to the respiratory tract in all challenged groups and varied from mild to moderate mouth breathing to severe respiratory signs with snorting sound and extended head. Mortalities were only recorded in mixed AIV-H9N2/variant IBV challenge group...
June 30, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#14
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689232/co-circulation-of-three-clusters-of-793-b-like-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-genotypes-in-iranian-chicken-flocks
#15
Ali Yousefzadeh Kalokhoran, Arash Ghalyanchilangeroudi, Hossein Hosseini, Omid Madadgar, Vahid Karimi, Masoud Hashemzadeh, Parvaneh Hesari, Mohammad Taha Zabihi Petroudi, Hamideh Najafi
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is an acute and highly contagious viral disease causing severe economic losses in the poultry industry. The 793/B IB virus is an important infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) genotype currently circulating in several countries, including Iran. One hundred confirmed IBV samples (between 2014 and 2015; from 15 provinces in Iran) were selected for genotyping based on S1 sequencing. After phylogenetic analysis, it was found that 30% of the IBV isolates belonged to the 793/B genotype...
July 8, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687678/occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-are-associated-with-fixed-airflow-obstruction-in-middle-age
#16
Sheikh M Alif, Shyamali C Dharmage, Geza Benke, Martine Dennekamp, John A Burgess, Jennifer L Perret, Caroline J Lodge, Stephen Morrison, David Peter Johns, Graham G Giles, Lyle C Gurrin, Paul S Thomas, John Llewelyn Hopper, Richard Wood-Baker, Bruce R Thompson, Iain H Feather, Roel Vermeulen, Hans Kromhout, E Haydn Walters, Michael J Abramson, Melanie Claire Matheson
RATIONALE: Population-based studies have found evidence of a relationship between occupational exposures and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), but these studies are limited by the use of prebronchodilator spirometry. Establishing this link using postbronchodilator is critical, because occupational exposures are a modifiable risk factor for COPD. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between occupational exposures and fixed airflow obstruction using postbronchodilator spirometry...
July 7, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687463/non-asthmatic-eosinophilic-bronchitis-and-its-relationship-with-asthma
#17
REVIEW
Kefang Lai, Ruchong Chen, Wen Peng, Wenzhi Zhan
Non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) is an important cause of chronic cough. The patients with NAEB present irritable cough as a sole or major symptom. They share similar features with asthmatic patients: sputum eosinophilia and responds well to glucocorticosteroids. However, compared with asthma, NAEB subjects have a normal spirometry and absence of airway hyperresponsiveness. The inflammatory cells and airway remodeling might result in the difference of mechanism between NAEB and asthma. On the prognosis of NAEB, only a few studies have been conducted in the last two decades...
July 4, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686880/chicken-mannose-binding-lectin-has-antiviral-activity-towards-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#18
Weidong Zhang, Kim M Bouwman, Steven J van Beurden, Soledad R Ordonez, Martin van Eijk, Henk P Haagsman, M Hélène Verheije, Edwin J A Veldhuizen
Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is a collagenous C-type lectin, which plays an important role in innate immunity. It can bind to carbohydrates on the surface of a wide range of pathogens, including viruses. Here we studied the antiviral effect of recombinant chicken (rc)MBL against Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV), a highly contagious coronavirus of chicken. rcMBL inhibited in a dose-dependent manner the infection of BHK-21 cells by IBV-Beaudette, as detected by immunofluorescence staining of viral proteins and qPCR...
September 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686313/rapid-characterization-of-chemical-constituents-of-platycodon-grandiflorum-and-its-adulterant-adenophora-stricta-by-uplc-qtof-ms-ms
#19
Cuizhu Wang, Nanqi Zhang, Zhenzhou Wang, Zeng Qi, Bingzhen Zheng, Pingya Li, Jinping Liu
Platycodon grandiflorum (PG) is extensively used for treating cough, excessive phlegm, sore throat, bronchitis and asthma. Whereas Adenophora stricta (AS) is commonly used to reduce phlegm, clear lung and tonify stomach. Due to similar appearances, PG is sometimes adulterated with cheap AS so as to gain profits. And this will inevitably result in different pharmacological property. In order to further clarify the differences in the chemical composition of these two Chinese herbs, the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography combined with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) coupled with UNIFI platform was used to establish a reliable, simple, sensitive and rapid analytical method...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685552/observation-of-the-effects-of-the-suhuang-zhike-capsule-on-acute-bronchitis
#20
J Yang
Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases in the world. The Suhuang Zhike capsule is a part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) that was approved to treat acute bronchitis. In order to study the clinical effects of the Suhuang Zhike capsule on acute bronchitis subjects, the clinical data of 96 patients from the Department of Lung Disease of Zhengzhou Traditional Chinese Hospital from June 2014 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were randomly divided into a control group and a Suhuang Zhike capsule treatment group, each with 48 cases...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
keyword
keyword
7636
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"