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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534240/an-early-glenn-operation-may-be-associated-with-the-later-occurrence-of-protein-losing-enteropathy-in-fontan-patients-association-of-early-glenn-and-failing-fontan
#1
Bettina Unseld, Brigitte Stiller, Thomas Borth-Bruhns, Florian du Bois, Johannes Kroll, Jochen Grohmann, Thilo Fleck
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) and plastic bronchitis (PB) are major causes of long-term mortality after Fontan operation. The objective of this study was to determine early clinical risk factors before the onset of PLE and PB. In a cohort study, 106 Fontan patients between 2005 and 2013 were examined. A median of 5.3 (1.5-8.5) years later, follow-up questionnaires were used to group the patients in a PLE or PB group (n = 14) and a non-PLE/PB group (n = 92). Prevalence of PLE was 9.4% (n = 10) and of PB 3...
May 22, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528062/successful-thoracic-duct-ligation-for-plastic-bronchitis-in-an-adult
#2
Nicholas R Hess, Christopher Piercecchi, Nikita Desai, Micah R Fisher, Eun-Hyung Lee, Seth D Force
Plastic bronchitis is a rare and potentially life-threatening disease characterized by the development of obstructive fibrinous tracheobronchial casts and hypoxic respiratory failure. With its poorly understood cause and rare occurrence in the adult population, few treatment strategies have been described in adults with this condition. In this report, we present a case of successful treatment of an adult with plastic bronchitis, using thoracic duct ligation and resulting in full resolution of airway cast development...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528008/-role-of-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-pulmonary-infections
#3
REVIEW
C Padoin
Pulmonary infections are common and caused by a wide range of viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi. They consist of lower respiratory tract infections with community and hospital acquired acute pneumonia, bronchitis, lung abscess, fungal infections and tuberculosis. The management of these infections should be based on guidelines that take into account the microorganisms most frequently involved as a basis for empirical treatment, with identification of causative microorganisms allowing targeted treatments...
May 17, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523921/combination-of-h120-and-1-96-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-vaccine-strains-protect-chickens-against-challenge-with-is-1494-06-variant-2-like-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#4
M Habibi, V Karimi, A G Langeroudi, S A Ghafouri, M Hashemzadeh, R K Farahani, H Maghsoudloo, H Abdollahi, P Seifouri
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is a worldwide chicken disease, caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) which infects all commercial poultry lines. The present study was done to evaluate protection caused by two different serotype vaccines (Massachusetts and 793/B) in order to evaluate protection against challenge with IS/1494/06-like virus (variant 2-like virus), which is prevalent in the Middle East. SPF chickens were divided into four groups (n = 20). First and second group as negative control group and non-vaccinated-challenged group received no vaccine...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523136/phenotypic-presentation-of-chronic-cough-in-children
#5
EDITORIAL
Ahmad Kantar
Chronic cough in children is increasingly defined as a cough that lasts more than four weeks. It is recognized as a different entity than cough in adults. As a result, the diagnostic approach and management of chronic cough in children are no longer extrapolated from adult guidelines. These differences are attributed to the various characteristics of the respiratory tract, immunological system and nervous system in children. Specific paediatric guidelines and algorithms for chronic cough are now widely applied...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513418/flagellar-expression-in-clinical-isolates-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae
#6
Alejandro Carabarin-Lima, Patricia Lozano-Zarain, Miguel Castañeda-Lucio, Claudia Fabiola Martínez de la Peña, Julieta Martinez-Garcia, Norarizbeth Lara Flores, Elías Campos de la Cruz, Sirenia González-Posos, Rosa Del Carmen Rocha-Gracia
PURPOSE: Haemophilus influenzae is a commensal organism found in the upper respiratory tract of humans. When H. influenzae becomes a pathogen, these bacteria can move out of their commensal niche and cause multiple respiratory tract diseases such as otitis media, sinusitis, conjunctivitis and bronchitis in children, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults. However, H. influenzae is currently considered a non-flagellate bacterium. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS: In this study, 90 clinical isolates of H...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508699/antimicrobial-anticancer-and-antioxidant-compounds-from-premna-resinosa-growing-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Dina A Albadawi, Ramzi A Mothana, Jamal M Khaled, Abdelkhader E Ashour, Ashok Kumar, Sheikh F Ahmad, Mansour S Al-Said, Adnan J Al-Rehaily, Nawal M Almusayeib
CONTEXT: Premna resinosa (Hochst.) Schauer (Lamiaceae) is used in many places to treat bronchitis, respiratory illness and convulsions of the rib cage. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the anticancer, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of P. resinosa, and isolates some responsible constituents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol extract of P. resinosa aerial parts and its fractions (n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol) were tested...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508215/reverse-genetics-system-for-the-avian-coronavirus-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#8
Erica Bickerton, Sarah M Keep, Paul Britton
We have developed a reverse genetics system for the avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) in which a full-length cDNA corresponding to the IBV genome is inserted into the vaccinia virus genome under the control of a T7 promoter sequence. Vaccinia virus as a vector for the full-length IBV cDNA has the advantage that modifications can be introduced into the IBV cDNA using homologous recombination, a method frequently used to insert and delete sequences from the vaccinia virus genome. Here, we describe the use of transient dominant selection as a method for introducing modifications into the IBV cDNA that has been successfully used for the substitution of specific nucleotides, deletion of genomic regions, and exchange of complete genes...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507288/identifying-individuals-with-physician-diagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-primary-care-electronic-medical-records-a-retrospective-chart-abstraction-study
#9
Theresa M Lee, Karen Tu, Laura L Wing, Andrea S Gershon
Little is known about using electronic medical records to identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to improve quality of care. Our objective was to develop electronic medical record algorithms that can accurately identify patients with obstructive pulmonary disease. A retrospective chart abstraction study was conducted on data from the Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database (EMRALD(®)) housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. Abstracted charts provided the reference standard based on available physician-diagnoses, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-specific medications, smoking history and pulmonary function testing...
May 15, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507075/metalworking-fluids-a-new-cause-of-occupational-non-asthmatic-eosinophilic-bronchitis
#10
R E Wiggans, C M Barber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504471/scedosporium-apiospermum-complex-in-cystic-fibrosis-should-we-treat
#11
Maria Noni, Anna Katelari, Aikaterini Kapi, Angeliki Stathi, George Dimopoulos, Stavros-Eleftherios Doudounakis
Species of the Scedosporium apiospermum complex are the second most frequent filamentous fungi after Aspergillus fumigatus that can be found in cystic fibrosis (CF). Mixed colonisation by S. apiospermum complex and A. fumigatus is also quite common. In this study we summarise all CF patients who were colonised by S. apiospermum complex during their childhood and we present two CF patients who were treated as fungal bronchitis due to S. apiospermum complex. The medical records of 400 CF patients were reviewed in order to identify those with positive respiratory cultures for S...
May 15, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502905/inhibition-of-proinflammatory-mediators-by-coumaroyl-lupendioic-acid-a-new-lupane-type-triterpene-from-careya-arborea-on-inflammation-induced-animal-model
#12
Rayhana Begum, Manjur Ali Sheliya, Showkat R Mir, Ekta Singh, Manju Sharma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Careya arborea Roxb. (Lecythidaceae) is a large tree found throughout India in deciduous forests and grasslands. C. arborea is traditionally used in tumors, inflammation, anthelmintic, bronchitis, epileptic fits, astringents, antidote to snake-venom, skin disease, diarrhea, dysentery with bloody stools, dyspepsia, ulcer, tooth ache, and ear pain. AIM OF THE STUDY: In our previous work, the methanolic extract of Careya arborea stem bark showed significant anti-inflammatory activity...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497854/allergic-sinusitis-and-severe-asthma-caused-by-occupational-exposure-to-locust-bean-gum-case-report
#13
Brie Hawley, Kristin J Cummings, Mohammed Mohammed, Anne E Dimmock, Rebecca Bascom
We present a case that highlights the difficulties with diagnosis and the dangers of occupational allergic sinusitis and asthma left unrecognized. We describe the case history of a man who experienced work-related symptoms 1 year after beginning work as a cheesemaker at a creamery, and whose respiratory symptoms progressively worsened over 16 years before an occupational cause of his asthma was identified. His initial discrete episodes of sinusitis and acute bronchitis evolved into persistent asthma of increasing severity with exacerbations requiring repeated emergency room treatment...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495687/phenotypes-of-copd-patients-with-a-smoking-history-in-central-and-eastern-europe-the-pope-study
#14
Vladimir Koblizek, Branislava Milenkovic, Adam Barczyk, Ruzena Tkacova, Attila Somfay, Kirill Zykov, Neven Tudoric, Kosta Kostov, Zuzana Zbozinkova, Jan Svancara, Jurij Sorli, Alvils Krams, Marc Miravitlles, Arschang Valipour
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a major health problem in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries; however, there are no data regarding clinical phenotypes of these patients in this region.Participation in the Phenotypes of COPD in Central and Eastern Europe (POPE) study was offered to stable patients with COPD in a real-life setting. The primary aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of phenotypes according to predefined criteria. Secondary aims included analysis of differences in symptom load, comorbidities and pharmacological treatment...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495648/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-avian-infectious-bronchitis-viruses-isolated-in-egypt-evidence-for-genetic-drift-and-genetic-recombination-in-the-circulating-viruses
#15
Hassanein H Abozeid, Anandan Paldurai, Sunil K Khattar, Manal A Afifi, Magdy F El-Kady, Ayman H El-Deeb, Siba K Samal
Avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is highly prevalent in chicken populations and is responsible for severe economic losses to poultry industry worldwide. In this study, we report the complete genome sequences of two IBV field strains, CU/1/2014 and CU/4/2014, isolated from vaccinated chickens in Egypt in 2014. The genome lengths of the strains CU/1/2014 and CU/4/2014 were 27,615 and 27,637 nucleotides, respectively. Both strains have a common genome organization in the order of 5'-UTR-1a-1b-S-3a-3b-E-M-4b-4c-5a-5b-N-6b-UTR-poly(A) tail-3'...
May 8, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494660/young-people-s-changing-demands-for-emergency-services
#16
Christian Duffin
A ten-year study has highlighted some eye-opening statistics concerning children and emergency care: significantly more children are now being admitted for jaundice, acute bronchitis, acute and chronic tonsillitis, and viral infections.
May 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493279/specific-detection-of-gii-1-lineage-of-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#17
Katarzyna Domanska-Blicharz, Anna Lisowska, Anna Pikuła, Joanna Sajewicz-Krukowska
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a worldwide prevalent RNA virus that cause highly contagious and economically devastating disease in chicken. The virus exists in many different genetic forms which made the disease control very difficult. The present study describes the development and validation of TaqMan-probe-based real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real time RT-PCR) targeting the S1 coding region of S gene characteristic for the GII-1 lineage (formerly the D1466-like variant) of IBV...
May 10, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492914/antibiotic-prescribing-for-nonbacterial-acute-upper-respiratory-infections-in-elderly-persons
#18
Michael Silverman, Marcus Povitz, Jessica M Sontrop, Lihua Li, Lucie Richard, Sonny Cejic, Salimah Z Shariff
Background: Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute upper respiratory tract infections (AURIs) requires a better understanding of the factors associated with this practice. Objective: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic prescribing for nonbacterial AURIs and whether prescribing rates varied by physician characteristics. Design: Retrospective analysis of linked administrative health care data. Setting: Primary care physician practices in Ontario, Canada (January-December 2012)...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480422/bioactive-components-of-gynura-divaricata-and-its-potential-use-in-health-food-and-medicine-a-mini-review
#19
Bing-Qing Xu, Yu-Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: G. divaricata (L.) DC belongs to genus the Gynura Cass which is a kind of perennial herb that has good health protection efficacy and is especially used widely in medicine and functional food. It is one of the most famous traditional Chinese medicinal herbs and is usually used to cure bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, kink cough, rheumatism, diabetes, and so on. It has a long history for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in the folk medicine. This review is aimed at gathering all information relating to G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473895/pathogenicity-study-of-iranian-genotype-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-ir-1
#20
Hamideh Najafi, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Masoud Hashemzadeh, Vahid Karimi, Omid Madadgar, Reza Khaltabadi Farahani, Seyed Ali Ghafouri, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Parvaneh Seifouri, Ali Madhi
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is a major cause of economic losses in poultry industry. The IB virus primarily affects respiratory tract, but various strains differ in their tropism for other target organs such as kidney and alimentary tract. The objective of this study was to estimate the pathogenicity of Iranian IBV variant (IR-1), which is limited exclusively to Iran. Specific pathogen free chicks were inoculated intranasally. Sera, fecal swabs and different tissue samples were collected on different days post infection (DPI)...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
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