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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731812/3d-printed-visceral-aneurysm-models-based-on-ct-data-for-simulations-of-endovascular-embolization-evaluation-of-size-and-shape-accuracy
#1
Eisuke Shibata, Hidemasa Takao, Shiori Amemiya, Kuni Ohtomo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to verify the accuracy of 3D-printed hollow models of visceral aneurysms created from CT angiography (CTA) data, by evaluating the sizes and shapes of aneurysms and related arteries. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From March 2006 to August 2015, 19 true visceral aneurysms were embolized via interventional radiologic treatment provided by the radiology department at our institution; aneurysms with bleeding (n = 3) or without thin-slice (< 1 mm) preembolization CT data (n = 1) were excluded...
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726951/facile-one-pot-exfoliation-and-integration-of-2d-layered-materials-by-dispersion-in-a-photocurable-polymer-precursor
#2
Alberto Gallardo, Yanina Pereyra, Enrique Martínez-Campos, Carolina García, David Acitores, Isabel Casado-Losada, Marián A Gómez-Fatou, Helmut Reinecke, Gary Ellis, Diego Acevedo, Juan Rodríguez-Hernández, Horacio J Salavagione
Efficient exfoliation of graphene and related materials (GRM) and fast and inexpensive integration/assembly are crucial to fulfil their full potential. A high degree of exfoliation in organic media can be achieved with high boiling point liquids that usually leave residues after drying, which is a handicap for many applications. Here, the effective exfoliation and dispersion of GRM in a vinyl monomer, which is subsequently converted to a functional polymer by photopolymerization, is reported. Nanocomposite membranes and three-dimensional objects are produced by the photo-curing process and stereolithography 3D printing, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726575/bioprinting-pattern-dependent-electrical-mechanical-behavior-of-cardiac-alginate-implants-characterization-and-ex-vivo-phase-contrast-microtomography-assessment
#3
Mohammad Izadifar, Paul Babyn, Michael E Kelly, Dean Chapman, Xiongbiao Chen
Three-dimensional (3D)-bioprinting techniques may be used to modulate electrical/mechanical properties and porosity of hydrogel constructs for fabrication of suitable cardiac implants. Notably, characterization of these properties after implantation remains a challenge, raising the need for the development of novel quantitative imaging techniques for monitoring hydrogel implant behavior in-situ. This study aims to (i) assess the influence of hydrogel bioprinting patterns on electrical/mechanical behavior of cardiac implants based on a 3D-printing technique and (ii) investigate the potential of synchrotron X-ray phase contrast computed tomography (PCI-CT) for estimating elastic modulus/impedance/porosity and microstructural features of 3D-printed cardiac implants in-situ via an ex-vivo study...
July 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726547/three-dimensional-bio-printing-of-hepatic-structures-with-direct-converted-hepatocyte-like-cells
#4
Kyojin Kang, Yohan Kim, Seung Bum Lee, Ji Sook Kim, Sua Park, Wan-Doo Kim, Heung-Mo Yang, Sung-Joo Kim, Jaemin Jeong, Dongho Choi
Three-dimensional (3D) bio-printing technology is a promising new technology in the field of bio-artificial organ generation with regard to overcoming the limitations of organ supply. The cell source for bio-printing is very important. Here, we generated 3D hepatic scaffold with mouse induced hepatocyte-like cells (miHeps), and investigated whether their function was improved after transplantation in vivo. To generate miHeps, mouse embryonic fibroblasts were transformed with pMX retroviruses individually expressing hepatic transcription factors Hnf4a and Foxa3...
July 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724739/distinct-spinning-patterns-gain-differentiated-loading-tolerance-of-silk-thread-anchorages-in-spiders-with-different-ecology
#5
Jonas O Wolff, Arie van der Meijden, Marie E Herberstein
Building behaviour in animals extends biological functions beyond bodies. Many studies have emphasized the role of behavioural programmes, physiology and extrinsic factors for the structure and function of buildings. Structure attachments associated with animal constructions offer yet unrealized research opportunities. Spiders build a variety of one- to three-dimensional structures from silk fibres. The evolution of economic web shapes as a key for ecological success in spiders has been related to the emergence of high performance silks and thread coating glues...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723485/three-dimensional-printing-for-renal-cancer-and-surgical-planning
#6
Mary E Westerman, Jane M Matsumoto, Jonathan M Morris, Bradley C Leibovich
Three-dimensional (3D) stereolithographic models provide tactile and anatomic information that offers advantages over digital 3D reconstructions alone. This technology has the potential to alter preoperative surgical planning and significantly enhance successful performance of complex nephron-sparing surgery.
December 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723166/automated-3-d-printed-arrays-to-evaluate-genotoxic-chemistry-e-cigarettes-and-water-samples
#7
Karteek Kadimisetty, Spundana Malla, James F Rusling
A novel, automated, low cost, three-dimensional (3-D) printed microfluidic array was developed to detect DNA damage from metabolites of chemicals in environmental samples. The electrochemiluminescent (ECL) detection platform incorporates layer-by-layer (LbL) assembled films of microsomal enzymes, DNA and an ECL-emitting ruthenium metallopolymer in ∼10 nm deep microwells. Liquid samples are introduced into the array, metabolized by the human enzymes, products react with DNA if possible, and DNA damage is detected by ECL with a camera...
May 26, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722489/treatment-of-die-punch-fractures-with-3d-printing-technology
#8
Chunhui Chen, Leyi Cai, Chuanxu Zhang, Jianshun Wang, Xiaoshan Guo, Yifei Zhou
PURPOSE: We evaluated the feasibility, accuracy and effectiveness of applying three-dimensional (3D) printing technology for preoperative planning for die-punch fractures. METHODS: A total of 107 patients who underwent die-punch fracture surgery were enrolled in the study. They were randomly divided into two groups: 52 cases in the 3D model group and 55 cases in the routine group. A 3D digital model of each die-punch fracture was reconstructed in the 3D group. The 3D digital model was imported to a 3D printer to build the full solid model...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721726/3d-printed-earable-smart-devices-for-real-time-detection-of-core-body-temperature
#9
Hiroki Ota, Minghan Chao, Yuji Gao, Eric Wu, Li-Chia Tai, Kevin Chen, Yasutomo Matsuoka, Kosuke Iwai, Hossain M Fahad, Wei Gao, Hnin Yin Yin Nyein, Liwei Lin, Ali Javey
Real-time detection of basic physiological parameters such as blood pressure and heart rate is an important target in wearable smart devices for healthcare. Among these, the core body temperature is one of the most important basic medical indicators of fever, insomnia, fatigue, metabolic functionality, and depression. However, traditional wearable temperature sensors are based upon the measurement of skin temperature, which can vary dramatically from the true core body temperature. Here, we demonstrate a three-dimensional (3D) printed wearable "earable" smart device that is designed to be worn on the ear to track core body temperature from the tympanic membrane (i...
July 19, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719986/three-dimensional-printing-of-surgical-clips-an-in-vitro-pilot-study-and-trial-of-efficacy
#10
Noah E Canvasser, Shuvro De, Ersin Koseoglu, Aaron H Lay, Igor Sorokin, Raul Fernandez, Jeffrey A Cadeddu
Introduction and Objective Three-dimensional printing applications have increased over the past decade. Our objective was to test rapid prototyping of a 3D printed surgical clip for intraoperative use. Methods Our prototype was modeled after the 10mm Weck® Hem-o-lok® polymer clip (Teleflex Inc., Wayne, PA, USA). A 3D computer-aided design model of the Hem-o-lok® clip was reverse-engineered using commercial microscopy and printing was done using an Objet Connex500 multi-jetting system (Stratasys, Eden Prairie, MN, USA)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717599/improving-the-trajectory-of-transpedicular-transdiscal-lumbar-screw-fixation-with-a-computer-assisted-3d-printed-custom-drill-guide
#11
Zhen-Xuan Shao, Jian-Shun Wang, Zhong-Ke Lin, Wen-Fei Ni, Xiang-Yang Wang, Ai-Min Wu
Transpedicular transdiscal screw fixation is an alternative technique used in lumbar spine fixation; however, it requires an accurate screw trajectory. The aim of this study is to design a novel 3D-printed custom drill guide and investigate its accuracy to guide the trajectory of transpedicular transdiscal (TPTD) lumbar screw fixation. Dicom images of thirty lumbar functional segment units (FSU, two segments) of L1-L4 were acquired from the PACS system in our hospital (patients who underwent a CT scan for other abdomen diseases and had normal spine anatomy) and imported into reverse design software for three-dimensional reconstructions...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713738/three-dimensional-planning-and-reconstruction-of-the-mandible-in-children-with-craniofacial-microsomia-type-iii-using-costochondral-grafts
#12
Omri Emodi, Yair Israel, Michal Even Almos, Dror Aizenbud, John A Van Aalst, Adi Rachmiel
BACKGROUND: In craniofacial microsomia (CFM) Type III patients, autogenous costochondral grafts (CCG) are conventionally used for the reconstruction of the ramus and condyle. The aim of this study was to describe the use of CCG in children with CFM in terms of outcomes, growth patterns, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of nine, aged 4-12 years, patients with CFM Type III, who underwent reconstruction of the mandibular ramus condyle unit by CCG...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710459/application-of-a-novel-three-dimensional-printing-genioplasty-template-system-and-its-clinical-validation-a-control-study
#13
Biao Li, Hongpu Wei, Feini Zeng, Jianfu Li, James J Xia, Xudong Wang
The purpose of this control study was to assess the accuracy and clinical validation of a novel genioplasty template system. Eighty-eight patients were enrolled and divided into 2 groups: experimental group (using genioplasty templates) and control group (without genioplasty templates). For the experimental group, the templates were designed based on computerized surgical plan and manufactured using three-dimensional printing technique. The template system included a cutting guide and a pair of repositioning guides...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709790/corrective-osteotomy-for-malunited-diaphyseal-forearm-fractures-using-preoperative-3-dimensional-planning-and-patient-specific-surgical-guides-and-implants
#14
Ann-Maria Byrne, Bianca Impelmans, Veronique Bertrand, Annemieke Van Haver, Frederik Verstreken
PURPOSE: Three-dimensional planning based on computed tomography images of the malunited and the mirrored contralateral forearm allows preoperative simulations of corrective osteotomies, the fabrication of patient-specific osteotomy guides, and custom-made 3-dimensional printed titanium plates. This study aims to assess the precision and clinical outcome of this technique. METHODS: This was a prospective pilot study with 5 consecutive patients. The mean age at initial injury was 11 years (range, 4-16 years), and the mean interval from the time of injury to the time of corrective surgery was 32 months (range, 7-107 months)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708733/an-assembled-prototype-multimaterial-three-dimensional-printed-model-of-the-neck-for-computed-tomography-and-ultrasound-guided-interventional-procedures
#15
Ramin Javan, Alexander L Cho
A low-cost, semirealistic, multimaterial prototype phantom of the neck was developed for computed tomography- and ultrasound-guided interventions, using three-dimensional (3D) printing with a variety of materials as well as through molding techniques. This dual-modality phantom can be used by trainees for practicing procedures and can also serve as a prototype for developing more complex and realistic 3D-printed models, particularly with the continued development and advancement in multimaterial 3D printing technologies...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704040/uniaxially-stretched-flexible-surface-plasmon-resonance-film-for-versatile-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-diagnostics
#16
Kaichen Xu, Zuyong Wang, Chuan Fu Tan, Ning Kang, Lianwei Chen, Lei Ren, Eng San Thian, Ghim Wei Ho, Rong Ji, Minghui Hong
Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy affords a rapid, highly sensitive and non-destructive approach for label-free and finger-print diagnosis of a wide range of chemicals. It is of great significance to develop large-area, uniform and environmentally friendly SERS substrates for in-situ identification of analytes on complex topological surfaces. In this work, we demonstrate a biodegradable flexible SERS film via irreversibly and longitudinally stretching metal deposited biocompatible poly (ɛ-caprolactone) film...
July 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699346/probing-the-morphology-and-evolving-dynamics-of-3d-printed-nanostructures-using-high-speed-atomic-force-microscopy
#17
Chen Yang, Robert Winkler, Maja Dukic, Jie Zhao, Harald Plank, Georg E Fantner
Focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID) has been demonstrated as a promising solution for synthesizing truly three-dimensional (3D) nanostructures. However, the lack of morphological feedback during growth complicates further development toward higher spatial fabrication precision. Here, we show that by combining in situ high speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) with FEBID, morphologies in multistep fabrication process can be accessed. More importantly, the proposed method enables simultaneous imaging and fabrication operation, which opens new possibilities to investigate evolving mechanical properties of the deposit...
July 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698814/a-patient-matched-entire-first-metacarpal-prosthesis-in-treatment-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone
#18
Thipachart Punyaratabandhu, Boonrat Lohwongwatana, Chedtha Puncreobutr, Arkaphat Kosiyatrakul, Puwadon Veerapan, Suriya Luenam
Giant cell tumor of the bones occurring in the first metacarpals frequently requires entire metacarpal resection due to the aggressive nature and high rate of recurrence. Bone reconstruction can be performed with autogenous bone grafts. Here we describe a new technique of reconstruction using a patient-matched three-dimensional printed titanium first metacarpal prosthesis. This prosthesis has a special design for ligament reconstruction in the proximal and distal portions. Good hand function and aesthetic appearance were maintained at a 24-month follow-up visit...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692522/reconstructive-operation-of-nonsyndromic-multiple-suture-craniosynostosis-based-on-precise-virtual-plan-and-prefabricated-template
#19
Jian Ni, Bin Yang, Binghang Li
This report presents a case of a 4-year-old girl suffering from multiple-suture nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. The patient is characterized with fronto-orbital malformation and poor visual acuity. The preoperational three-dimensional computed tomography scan showed premature closure of the sagittal suture, bilateral coronal, and lambdoidal suture. The virtual surgical planning was performed before operation for the reposition of bone segments and communication with the patient's family. The navigational plate for reshaping was made based on the surgical plan with three-dimensional printed model...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691696/decellularized-extracellular-matrix-a-step-towards-the-next-generation-source-for-bioink-manufacturing
#20
Byoung Soo Kim, Hyeonji Kim, Ge Gao, Jinah Jang, Dong-Woo Cho
In tissue engineering, the need for hierarchical assembly of three-dimensional (3D) tissues becomes increasingly important, considering that a new technology is essential for advanced tissue fabrication. 3D cell printing has emerged as a powerful technology to recapitulate the microenvironment of native tissue, allowing for the precise deposition of multiple cells onto the pre-defined position. Parallel to these technological advances, seeking for an appropriate bioink to provide a suitable microenvironment supporting cellular activities has been into the spotlight...
July 10, 2017: Biofabrication
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