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three dimensional printing

Edinrin Obasare, Sumeet K Mainigi, D Lynn Morris, Leandro Slipczuk, Igor Goykhman, Evan Friend, Mary Rodriguez Ziccardi, Gregg S Pressman
Accurate assessment of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is important for pre-procedure planning when utilizing device closure for stroke reduction. Sizing is traditionally done with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) but this is not always precise. Three-dimensional (3D) printing of the LAA may be more accurate. 24 patients underwent Watchman device (WD) implantation (71 ± 11 years, 42% female). All had complete 2-dimensional TEE. Fourteen also had cardiac computed tomography (CCT) with 3D printing to produce a latex model of the LAA for pre-procedure planning...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Cristian Rosu, Philippe Demers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Fanqi Wu, Liang Chen, Anyi Zhang, Yi-Lun Hong, Nai-Yun Shih, Seong-Yong Cho, Gryphon A Drake, Tyler Fleetham, Sen Cong, Xuan Cao, Qingzhou Liu, Yihang Liu, Chi Xu, Yuqiang Ma, Moonsub Shim, Mark E Thompson, Wencai Ren, Hui-Ming Cheng, Chongwu Zhou
Printing technology has potential to offer a cost-effective and scalable way to fabricate electronic devices based on two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs). However, limited by the registration accuracy and resolution of printing, the previously reported printed TMDC field-effect transistors (FETs) have relatively long channel lengths (13-200 μm), thus suffering low current-driving capabilities (≤0.02 μA/μm). Here, we report a "flood-dike" self-aligned printing technique that allows the formation of source/drain metal contacts on TMDC materials with sub-micrometer channel lengths in a reliable way...
December 8, 2017: ACS Nano
Hui Zhao, Guanfeng Lin, Yong Hae Seong, Jin Shi, Jing Xu, Wenhua Huang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to get the data of Neonatal auricle for helping pediatricians and obstetricians to make definite diagnosis and individualized treatment for newborn congenital auricular deformities in China. METHODS: A total of 1500 newborns' ears were evaluated in this study. Six surface measurements were performed directly on the auricles of the subjects as follows: physiognomic ear length and breadth, morphological ear length and breadth, cephalo-auricular distance, and cephalo otic angle...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sungjin Lim, Daerak Heo, Mugeon Kim, Geunseop Choi, Joonku Hahn
Three-dimensional (3D) metrology has received a lot of attention from academic and industrial communities due to its broad applications, such as 3D contents, 3D printing, and autonomous driving. The all-optical depth coloring (AODC) camera has some benefits in computation load since it extracts depth information of an object fully optically. The AODC camera represents the depth of the object as a variation of wavelength, and spectroscopy is generally required to measure the wavelength. However, in the AODC camera, the color vector in RGB color space is convertible inversely into the wavelength after projection on the normalized rgb plane because the detected spectrum through the gating part has a narrow bandwidth as a result of the width of the slit in the projection part...
December 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Scott A Wilson, Lauren M Cross, Charles W Peak, Akhilesh K Gaharwar
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an emerging approach for rapid fabrication of complex tissue structures using cell-loaded bioinks. However, 3D bioprinting has hit a bottleneck in progress because of the lack of suitable bioinks that are printable, have high shape fidelity, and are mechanically resilient. In this study, we introduce a new family of nanoengineered bioinks consisting of kappa-carrageenan (κCA) and two-dimensional (2D) nanosilicates (nSi). κCA is a biocompatible, linear, sulfated polysaccharide derived from red algae and can undergo thermo-reversible and ionic gelation...
December 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Manuel Schaffner, Patrick A Rühs, Fergal Coulter, Samuel Kilcher, André R Studart
Despite recent advances to control the spatial composition and dynamic functionalities of bacteria embedded in materials, bacterial localization into complex three-dimensional (3D) geometries remains a major challenge. We demonstrate a 3D printing approach to create bacteria-derived functional materials by combining the natural diverse metabolism of bacteria with the shape design freedom of additive manufacturing. To achieve this, we embedded bacteria in a biocompatible and functionalized 3D printing ink and printed two types of "living materials" capable of degrading pollutants and of producing medically relevant bacterial cellulose...
December 2017: Science Advances
Shahram Janbaz, Niels Noordzij, Dwisetya S Widyaratih, Cornelis W Hagen, Lidy E Fratila-Apachitei, Amir A Zadpoor
Lattice structures are used in the design of metamaterials to achieve unusual physical, mechanical, or biological properties. The properties of such metamaterials result from the topology of the lattice structures, which are usually three-dimensionally (3D) printed. To incorporate advanced functionalities into metamaterials, the surface of the lattice structures may need to be ornamented with functionality-inducing features, such as nanopatterns or electronic devices. Given our limited access to the internal surfaces of lattice structures, free-form ornamentation is currently impossible...
November 2017: Science Advances
Touraj Ehtezazi, Marwan Algellay, Yamir Islam, Matt Roberts, Nicola M Dempster, Satyajit D Sarker
Fast dissolving oral films (FDFs) provide an alternative approach to increase consumer acceptance by advantage of rapid dissolution and administration without water. Usually FDFs require taste-masking agents. However, inclusion of these excipients could make developing the formulation a challenging task. Hence, this work employed fused-deposition modelling three-dimensional (FDM 3D) printing to produce single-layered (SLFDFs), or multilayered (MLFDFs) films, with taste-masking layers being separated from drug layer...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Xingchen Yang, Zhenhui Lu, Huayu Wu, Wei Li, Li Zheng, Jinmin Zhao
Articular cartilage repair is still a huge challenge for researchers and clinicians. 3D bioprinting could be an innovative technology for cartilage tissue engineering. In this study, we used collagen type I (COL) or agarose (AG) mixed with sodium alginate (SA) to serve as 3D bioprinting bioinks and incorporated chondrocytes to construct in vitro 3D printed cartilage tissue. Swelling ratio, mechanical properties, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cell viability and cytoskeleton, biochemistry analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to investigate the function of different bioinks in 3D printing cartilage tissue engineering applications...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Ratima Suntornnond, Edgar Yong Sheng Tan, Jia An, Chee Kai Chua
Vascularization is one major obstacle in bioprinting and tissue engineering. In order to create thick tissues or organs that can function like original body parts, the presence of a perfusable vascular system is essential. However, it is challenging to bioprint a hydrogel-based three-dimensional vasculature-like structure in a single step. In this paper, we report a new hydrogel-based composite that offers impressive printability, shape integrity, and biocompatibility for 3D bioprinting of a perfusable complex vasculature-like structure...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Kyu Ho Lee, Hobeom Bin, KeunBae Kim, So Young Ahn, Bong-Ok Kim, Soo-Kyung Bok
The loss of an upper limb significantly limits the functional activities of daily living. A huge emphasis is placed on the manipulation, shape, weight, and comfort of a prosthesis, to enable its use as an inherent body part. Even with technological advances, customized upper-extremity myoelectric prosthesis remain heavy and expensive. The high cost of upper-extremity prosthesis is an especially steep economic barrier for patients. Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a promising avenue for reducing the cost of prosthesis...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sanjay Konakondla, Cameron J Brimley, Jesna Mathew Sublett, Edward Stefanowicz, Sarah Flora, Gino Mongelluzzo, Clemens M Schirmer
Whole brain tractography using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) sequences can be used to map cerebral connectivity; however, this can be time-consuming due to the manual component of image manipulation required, calling for the need for a standardized, automated, and accurate fiber tracking protocol with automatic whole brain tractography (AWBT). Interpreting conventional two-dimensional (2D) images, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as an intraoperative three-dimensional (3D) environment is a difficult task with recognized inter-operator variability...
September 29, 2017: Curēus
Wei-Qiu Kan, Shi-Zheng Wen, Yuan-Chun He, Chao-Yue Xu
Four coordination polymers, namely, [Zn(HL1)(L2)0.5]·H2O (1), [Cd(HL1)(L2)0.5]·H2O (2), [Zn(L1)(L3)0.5]·H2O (3), and [Cd(L1)(L3)0.5] (4) (H3L1 = (3,5-dicarboxyl-phenyl)-(4-(2'-carboxyl-phenyl)-benzyl)ether, H2L2Cl2 = 1,1'-bis(4-carboxy-benzyl)-4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride, and L3Cl2 = 1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridylium dichloride), have been synthesized hydrothermally. The structures of compounds 1-4 have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, and further characterized by elemental analyses, infrared (IR) spectra, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analyses, and thermogravimetric analyses...
December 4, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Lie Wang, Zhi-Yuan Chen, Rong Liu, Hao Zeng
PURPOSE: To study the value and satisfaction of three-dimensional printing implant template and conventional implant template in multi-tooth dental implantation. METHODS: Thirty cases (83 teeth) with missing teeth needing to be implanted were randomly divided into conventional implant template group (CIT group, 15 cases, 42 teeth) and 3D printing implant template group (TDPIT group, 15 cases, 41 teeth). Patients in CIT group were operated by using conventional implant template, while patients in TDPIT group were operated by using three-dimensional printing implant template...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Saman Naghieh, Md Sarker, Mohammad Izadifar, Xiongbiao Chen
Over the past decades, significant progress has been achieved in the field of tissue engineering (TE) to restore/repair damaged tissues or organs and, in this regard, scaffolds made from biomaterials have played a critical role. Notably, recent advances in biomaterials and three-dimensional (3D) printing have enabled the manipulation of two or more biomaterials of distinct, yet complementary, mechanical and/or biological properties to form so-called hybrid scaffolds mimicking native tissues. Among various biomaterials, hydrogels synthesized to incorporate living cells and/or biological molecules have dominated due to their hydrated tissue-like environment...
November 26, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Zenghui Wei, Lulu Yuan, Baodong Liu, Cunfeng Wei, Cuili Sun, Pengfei Yin, Long Wei
The computed laminography (CL) method is preferable to computed tomography for the non-destructive testing of plate-like objects. A micro-CL system is developed for three-dimensional imaging of plate-like objects. The details of the micro-CL system are described, including the system architecture, scanning modes, and reconstruction algorithm. The experiment results of plate-like fossils, insulated gate bipolar translator module, ball grid array packaging, and printed circuit board are also presented to demonstrate micro-CL's ability for 3D imaging of flat specimens and universal applicability in various fields...
November 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Mang Cai, Hui Li, Shengnan Shen, Yu Wang, Quan Yang
Filtering Facepiece Respirator (FFR) is the most common respirator users in the health care environment utilize for personal protection from outside particles. Comfort and fit are important while wearing an FFR. This paper proposes a novel technology to produce customized face seal design for improving the wearing comfort and fit of FFR wearers. In order to customize the design of face seals, we scanned faces of three subjects using three-dimensional (3D) laser scanning method. A customized face seal for a 3M 8210 N95 FFR for each headform was designed using reverse engineering technique...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Ulrike Ritz, Rebekka Gerke, Hermann Götz, Stefan Stein, Pol Maria Rommens
Although a lot of research has been performed, large segmental bone defects caused by trauma, infection, bone tumors or revision surgeries still represent big challenges for trauma surgeons. New and innovative bone substitutes are needed. Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a novel procedure to create 3D porous scaffolds that can be used for bone tissue engineering. In the present study, solid discs as well as porous cage-like 3D prints made of polylactide (PLA) are coated or filled with collagen, respectively, and tested for biocompatibility and endotoxin contamination...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Koichi Tomita, Kenji Yano, Mifue Taminato, Michiko Nomori, Ko Hosokawa
Background: Autologous breast reconstruction can be performed for breasts with ptosis to a certain extent, but if patients desire to correct ptosis, mastopexy of the contralateral breast is indicated. However, accurate prediction of post-mastopexy breast shape is difficult to make, and symmetrical breast reconstruction requires certain experience. We have previously reported the use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging and printing technologies in deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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