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Trauma, emergency surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923680/the-100-most-cited-manuscripts-in-emergency-abdominal-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#1
Thomas Ellul, Nicholas Bullock, Tarig Abdelrahman, Arfon G M T Powell, Jolene Witherspoon, Wyn G Lewis
BACKGROUND: The number of citations a scientific article receives provides a good indication of its impact within any given field. This bibliometric analysis aimed to identify the 100 most cited articles in Emergency Abdominal Surgery (EAS), to highlight key areas of interest and identify those that have most significantly shaped contemporary clinical practice in this newly evolving surgical specialty. This is of increasing relevance as concerns grow regarding the variable and suboptimal outcomes in Emergency General Surgery...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909654/bone-substitutes-and-expanders-in-spine-surgery-a-review-of-their-fusion-efficacies
#2
Abhijeet Kadam, Paul W Millhouse, Christopher K Kepler, Kris E Radcliff, Michael G Fehlings, Michael E Janssen, Rick C Sasso, James J Benedict, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A narrative review of literature. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript intends to provide a review of clinically relevant bone substitutes and bone expanders for spinal surgery in terms of efficacy and associated clinical outcomes, as reported in contemporary spine literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ever since the introduction of allograft as a substitute for autologous bone in spinal surgery, a sea of literature has surfaced, evaluating both established and newly emerging fusion alternatives...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909117/when-is-the-ideal-time-to-operate-on-a-patient-with-a-fracture-of-the-hip-a-review-of-the-available-literature
#3
REVIEW
P M Lewis, J P Waddell
Fractures of the hip are common, often occurring in frail elderly patients, but also in younger fit healthy patients following trauma. They have a significant associated mortality and major social and financial implications to patients and health care providers. Many guidelines are available for the management of these patients, mostly recommending early surgery for the best outcomes. As a result, healthcare authorities now put pressure on surgical teams to 'fast track' patients with a fracture of the hip, often misquoting the available literature, which in itself can be confusing and even conflicting...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909067/concept-and-evaluation-of-the-german-war-surgery-course-einsatzchirurgie-kurs-der-bundeswehr
#4
David A Back, K Waldmann, T Hauer, N Huschitt, M W Bowyer, U Wesemann, A Lieber, C Willy
INTRODUCTION: Military surgeons must be prepared to care for severe and complex life-threatening injuries rarely seen in the civilian setting. Typical civilian training and practice do not provide adequate exposure to the broad set of surgical skills required. The German Bundeswehr Medical Service has developed and refined the War Surgery Course (WSC) to meet this training gap. This article describes the recent experience with this readiness curriculum. METHODS: Run annually since 1998, WSC consists nowadays of 5 days with 20 theoretical modules...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#5
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898626/dental-trauma-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-referral-center
#6
Emily Hall, Patricia Hickey, Thuy Nguyen-Tran, Jeff Louie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe dental and associated oral injuries in a pediatric population that presents to an emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 2007 to September 2011. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 19 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for any dental or oral injury. Data abstraction included demographics, time of day of presentation, location and identification of tooth (s) injured, management, and disposition...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898431/improving-outcome-of-trauma-patients-by-implementing-patient-blood-management
#7
Christoph Füllenbach, Kai Zacharowski, Patrick Meybohm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient blood management aims to improve patient outcome and safety by reducing the number of unnecessary red blood cell transfusions and vitalizing patient-specific anemia reserves. While this is increasingly recognized as best clinical practice in elective surgery, the implementation in the setting of trauma is restrained because of typically nonelective (emergency) surgery and, in specific circumstances, allogeneic blood transfusions as life-saving therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Viscoelastic diagnostics allow a precise identification of trauma-induced coagulopathy...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893639/surgical-rescue-the-next-pillar-of-acute-care-surgery
#8
Matthew E Kutcher, Jason L Sperry, Matthew R Rosengart, Deepika Mohan, Marcus K Hoffman, Matthew D Neal, Louis H Alarcon, Gregory A Watson, Juan Carlos Puyana, Graciela M Bauzá, Vaishali D Schuchert, Anisleidy Fombona, Tianhua Zhou, Samuel Zolin, Robert D Becher, Timothy R Billiar, Raquel M Forsythe, Brian S Zuckerbraun, Andrew B Peitzman
BACKGROUND: The evolving field of Acute Care Surgery (ACS) traditionally includes trauma, emergency general surgery, and critical care. However, the critical role of ACS in the rescue of patients with a surgical complication has not been explored. We here describe the role of 'surgical rescue' in the practice of Acute Care Surgery (ACS). METHODS: A prospective, electronic medical record-based ACS registry spanning January 2013 to May 2014 at a large urban academic medical center was screened by ICD-9 codes for acute surgical complications of an operative or interventional procedure...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893012/surgeons-and-trauma-care-physicians-perception-of-the-impact-of-the-globalization-of-medical-education-on-quality-of-care-in-lima-peru
#9
Lacey N LaGrone, Leah N Isquith-Dicker, Eduardo Huaman Egoavil, Manuel J A Rodriguez Castro, Alfredo Allagual, Fernando Revoredo, Charles N Mock
Importance: The globalization of medical education-the process by which trainees in any region gain access to international training (electronic or in-person)-is a growing trend. More data are needed to inform next steps in the responsible stewardship of this process, from the perspective of trainees and institutions at all income levels, and for use by national and international policymakers. Objective: To describe the impact of the globalization of medical education on surgical care in Peru from the perspective of Peruvian surgeons who received international training...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891285/complex-perineal-trauma-with-anorectal-avulsion
#10
Adelina Maria Cruceru, Ionut Negoi, Sorin Paun, Sorin Hostiuc, Ruxandra Irina Negoi, Mircea Beuran
Introduction. The objective of this case report is to illustrate a severe perineal impalement injury, associated with anorectal avulsion and hemorrhagic shock. Results. A 32-year-old male patient was referred to our hospital for an impalement perineal trauma, associated with complex pelvic fracture and massive perineal soft tissue destruction and anorectal avulsion. On arrival, the systolic blood pressure was 85 mm Hg and the hemoglobin was 7.1 g/dL. The patient was transported to the operating room, and perineal lavage, hemostasis, and repacking were performed...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888344/impact-of-urgent-resuscitative-surgery-for-life-threatening-torso-trauma
#11
Hisashi Matsumoto, Yoshiaki Hara, Takanori Yagi, Nobuyuki Saito, Kazuki Mashiko, Hiroaki Iida, Tomokazu Motomura, Fumihiko Nakayama, Kazuhiro Okada, Hiroshi Yasumatsu, Taigo Sakamoto, Takao Seo, Yusuke Konda, You Hattori, Hiroyuki Yokota
PURPOSE: This study investigated the advantages of performing urgent resuscitative surgery (URS) in the emergency department (ED); namely, our URS policy, to avoid a delay in hemorrhage control for patients with severe torso trauma and unstable vital signs. METHODS: We divided 264 eligible cases into a URS group (n = 97) and a non-URS group (n = 167) to compare, retrospectively, the observed survival rate with the predicted survival using the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS)...
November 25, 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884330/factors-associated-with-adverse-events-after-emergency-laparotomy-in-cape-town-south-africa-identifying-opportunities-for-quality-improvement
#12
Richard Trafford Spence, Mark Hampton, Kent Pluke, Miriam Kahn, Nkhabe Chinyepi, Mohamed Elmusbahi, Tirsa van Wyngaard, Eugenio Panieri
BACKGROUND: Surgical outcomes research is limited in areas of the world with the greatest unmet surgical need and likely greatest variation in outcomes. Measurement alone may improve outcomes-the so-called Hawthorne effect. The purpose of this multicenter cohort study was to identify factors that are both feasible to collect and are associated with a major adverse event following a targeted procedure in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: A collaborative of four acute care surgical units was formed to develop a data set with minimal data burden describing outcomes after an emergency exploratory laparotomy during a 3-mo period (February-April 2015)...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882139/the-association-between-the-levels-of-crp-il-10-pla2-fbg-and-prognosis-in-traumatic-fracture-of-lower-limb
#13
Jing Jiao, Jun-Wen Wang, Fei Xiao, Yu-Cheng Huang
The aim of the present study was to examine changes of sera levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-10 (IL-10), phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and fibrinogen β polypeptide chain gene (Fbg) in patients with traumatic fracture of lower limb, and to evaluate their association with prognosis. The changes in sera levels of CRP, IL-10, PLA2 and Fbg were observed at the time of injury, 24 h, and 5 and 7 days after surgery in 90 patients with traumatic fracture of lower limb. In addition, 50 cases, who presented for health examination, were included as the normal controls...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879606/improving-outcomes-in-tendon-repair-a-critical-look-at-the-evidence-for-flexor-tendon-repair-and-rehabilitation
#14
Wee S Khor, Martin F Langer, Richard Wong, Rui Zhou, Fiona Peck, Jason K F Wong
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Appreciate the variation and evolution of flexor tendon management 2. Know how to assess the patient who presents with a flexor tendon laceration. 3. Understand the biology of repairing flexor tendon lacerations. 4. Appreciate the technical challenges in flexor tendon repair relating to different zones. 5. Understand the rationale of postoperative hand therapy. 6. Have an overview of the types of secondary tendon surgery...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874908/rivaroxaban-for-thromboprophylaxis-after-nonelective-orthopedic-trauma-surgery-in-switzerland
#15
Pierre Hoffmeyer, Hanspeter Simmen, Marcel Jakob, Christoph Sommer, Andreas Platz, Thomas Ilchmann, Erik Grossen, Christian Ryf, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Michael Schueler, Michael Rud Lassen, Markus Rimle, Urs E Gasser
This study investigated the effectiveness and the outcomes of rivaroxaban vs the standard of care for venous thromboembolic prophylaxis in patients undergoing fracture-related surgery. A total of 413 patients undergoing fracture-related surgery from 9 Swiss orthopedic and trauma centers were enrolled. The authors selected the type of venous thromboembolic prophylaxis according to standardized medical practice at the participating centers before the inclusion of patients: 208 patients received rivaroxaban and 205 received the standard of care...
November 22, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870674/impact-of-hospital-employed-physician-assistants-on-a-level-ii-community-based-orthopaedic-trauma-system
#16
Peter L Althausen, Steven Shannon, Brianne Owens, Daniel Coll, Michael Cvitash, Minggen Lu, Timothy J O'Mara, Timothy J Bray
OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons and the Orthopedic Trauma Association have released guidelines for the provision of orthopedic trauma services such as adequate stipends, designated operating rooms, ancillary staff, and guaranteed reimbursement for indigent care. One recommendation included a provision for hospital-based physician assistants (PAs). Given current reimbursement arrangements, PA collections for billable services may not meet their salary and benefit expenses...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870669/operating-room-efficiency-benefits-of-an-orthopaedic-traumatologist-at-a-level-ii-trauma-center
#17
Peter L Althausen, Justin R Kauk, Steven Shannon, Minggen Lu, Timothy J O'Mara, Timothy J Bray
OBJECTIVES: Fellowship-trained orthopaedic traumatologists are presumably taught skill sets leading to "best practice" outcomes and more efficient use of hospital resources. This should result in more favorable economic opportunities when compared with general orthopaedic surgeons (GOSs) providing similar clinical services. The purpose of our study was to compare the operating room utilization and financial data of traumatologists versus GOSs at a level II trauma center. DESIGN: Retrospective review...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870667/the-role-of-dedicated-musculoskeletal-urgent-care-centers-in-reducing-cost-and-improving-access-to-orthopaedic-care
#18
Travis J Anderson, Peter L Althausen
OBJECTIVES: Over the past few years, the United States has seen the rapid growth of dedicated musculoskeletal urgent care centers owned and operated by individual orthopaedic practices. In June of 2014, our practice opened the first dedicated orthopaedic urgent care in the region staffed by physician assistants and supervised by orthopaedic surgeons. Our hypothesis is that such centers can safely improve orthopaedic care for ambulatory orthopaedic injuries, decrease volume for overburdened emergency departments (EDs), reduce wait times and significantly decrease the cost of care while improving access to orthopaedic specialists...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867441/the-role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnostics-of-diaphragmatic-injury-after-blunt-thoraco-abdominal-trauma
#19
Agata Gmachowska, Ryszard Pacho, Agnieszka Anysz-Grodzicka, Leopold Bakoń, Maria Gorycka, Wawrzyniec Jakuczun, Waldemar Patkowski
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic injuries occur in 0.8-8% of patients with blunt trauma. The clinical diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture is difficult and may be overshadowed by associated injuries. Diaphragmatic rupture does not resolve spontaneously and may cause life-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to present radiological findings in patients with diaphragmatic injury. MATERIAL/METHODS: The analysis of computed tomography examinations performed between 2007 and 2012 revealed 200 patients after blunt thoraco-abdominal trauma...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857994/triple-trouble-a-case-of-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-in-a-patient-with-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-and-disc-prolapse
#20
Kosar Hussain, Sally Khalid Ahmed Abu-Khumra, Firas Jaafar Kareem Alnajjar, Motea Mohamad Abdo
We describe the case of a trauma patient who presented to our emergency department with signs and symptoms suggestive of cervical cord injury. The patient had an underlying ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament with multiple cervical disc prolapses from C3 to C7. The presence of these two factors increased the impact of the traumatic cervical cord injury. The patient underwent spinal decompression via laminectomy. Unfortunately, his neurological status did not show any significant improvement after the surgery...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
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