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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820540/endoscopic-port-access-surgery-for-late-orthotopic-cardiac-transplantation-atrioventricular-valve-disease
#1
Johan van der Merwe, Filip Casselman, Bernard Stockman, Yvette Vermeulen, Ivan Degrieck, Frank Van Praet
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to present details of the perioperative and long-term outcomes of redo-endoscopic port access surgery (REPAS) for late atrioventricular valve disease (AVVD) in orthotopic cardiac transplant (OCT) patients. METHODS: Between February 2004 and October 2015, REPAS was performed for late AVVD in seven consecutive OCT patients (mean age 57.9 ± 17.2 years; EuroSCORE II 21.2 ± 14.7%) at the authors' institution. The mean OCT-REPAS time interval was 7...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819815/-pediatric-finger-and-hand-injuries-an-epidemiological-study
#2
M Voth, Th Lustenberger, J Frank, I Marzi
BACKGROUND: The hand is the second most frequently injured region of the body in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate age-related injury patterns, trauma mechanisms, as well as the need for surgery in pediatric patients with injuries to the hand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study analyzing the data between January 2008 and December 2014 at Frankfurt University Hospital. All patients were younger than 18 years old. All patients suffering trauma to the hand or the fingers were included...
August 17, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819362/recurrent-csf-rhinorrhea-misdiagnosed-as-chronic-allergic-rhinitis-with-subsequent-development-of-bacterial-meningitis
#3
Michael T Ulrich, Lawrence K Loo, Michael B Ing
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea results from an abnormal communication of the dura mater to the nasal mucosa. The majority of cases of CSF rhinorrhea are the result of trauma or surgery involving the skull base. Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea is a rare clinical entity with increased risk of ascending infection. Delay in diagnosis places the patient at risk of developing meningitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old African American female with significant medical history of obesity and hypertension presented to the emergency department with headache, altered level of consciousness, fever, and neck stiffness...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818179/multiple-trauma-and-emergency-room-management
#4
Michael Frink, Philipp Lechler, Florian Debus, Steffen Ruchholtz
BACKGROUND: The care of severely injured patients remains a challenge. Their initial treatment in the emergency room is the essential link between first aid in the field and definitive in-hospital treatment. METHODS: We present important elements of the initial in-hospital care of severely injured patients on the basis of pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and the current German S3 guideline on the care of severely and multiply traumatized patients, which was last updated in 2016...
July 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815690/treatment-of-individuals-who-cannot-receive-blood-products-for-religious-or-other-reasons
#5
REVIEW
Carlton D Scharman, Joseph J Shatzel, Edward Kim, Thomas G DeLoughery
By virtue of their religious principles, Jehovah's Witnesses (JWs) generally object to receiving blood products, raising numerous ethical, legal, and medical challenges for providers who care for these patients, especially in the emergent setting. In this review, we discuss several areas relevant to the care of JWs, including the current literature on "bloodless" medical care in the setting of peri- and intra-operative management, acute blood loss, trauma, pregnancy, and malignancy. We have found that medical and administrative efforts in the form of bloodless medicine and surgery programs can be instrumental in helping to reduce risks of morbidity and mortality in these patients...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814969/the-role-of-open-abdomen-in-non-trauma-patient-wses-consensus-paper
#6
REVIEW
Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fausto Catena, Ernest E Moore, Rao Ivatury, Walter Biffl, Andrew Peitzman, Raul Coimbra, Sandro Rizoli, Yoram Kluger, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, Marc De Moya, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bruno M Pereira, Ari Leppaniemi, Marja A Boermeester, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Ron Maier, Miklosh Bala, Boris Sakakushev, Vladimir Khokha, Manu Malbrain, Vanni Agnoletti, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Michael Sugrue, Salomone Di Saverio, Ewen Griffiths, Kjetil Soreide, John E Mazuski, Addison K May, Philippe Montravers, Rita Maria Melotti, Michele Pisano, Francesco Salvetti, Gianmariano Marchesi, Tino M Valetti, Thomas Scalea, Osvaldo Chiara, Jeffry L Kashuk, Luca Ansaloni
The open abdomen (OA) is defined as intentional decision to leave the fascial edges of the abdomen un-approximated after laparotomy (laparostomy). The abdominal contents are potentially exposed and therefore must be protected with a temporary coverage, which is referred to as temporal abdominal closure (TAC). OA use remains widely debated with many specific details deserving detailed assessment and clarification. To date, in patients with intra-abdominal emergencies, the OA has not been formally endorsed for routine utilization; although, utilization is seemingly increasing...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813774/pulmonary-embolism-caused-by-popliteal-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#7
Kevin Marquez, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Chad Laurich, Randall Lamfers
In this case report, we describe an unusual episode of bilateral submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by a popliteal vein aneurysm (PVA). The development of PE stems from many risk factors including obesity (BMI³ 30 kg/m2), hypertension, cigarette smoking (greater than 25 cigarettes per day), increasing age, surgery, immobility, malignancy, and inherited thrombophilia. A PVA is a rare but significant cause of PE. A 28-year-old male presented to the emergency department with progressive shortness of breath...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791655/current-and-emerging-options-for-the-management-of-inherited-von-willebrand-disease
#8
REVIEW
Jessica M Heijdra, Marjon H Cnossen, Frank W G Leebeek
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder with an estimated prevalence of ~1% and clinically relevant bleeding symptoms in approximately 1:10,000 individuals. VWD is caused by a deficiency and/or defect of von Willebrand factor (VWF). The most common symptoms are mucocutaneous bleeding, hematomas, and bleeding after trauma or surgery. For decades, treatment to prevent or treat bleeding has consisted of desmopressin in milder cases and of replacement therapy with plasma-derived concentrates containing VWF and Factor VIII (FVIII) in more severe cases...
August 8, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780004/prognostic-factors-for-all-inside-meniscal-repair-an-87-case-series
#9
LoïcLaurendon, Thomas Neri, Frédéric Farizon, Rémi Philippot
INTRODUCTION: Repair is indicated for tears in non-degenerative menisci. The literature reports a 15% failure rate for all-inside repair. The aim of the present study was to determine prognostic factors for failure of all-inside meniscal repair. The study hypothesis was that epidemiological, clinical and surgical factors affect success. MATERIALANDMETHODS: A retrospective study included 87 meniscal repair procedures, with or without anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear...
August 2, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776420/tension-pneumopericardium-in-a-multiply-injured-child
#10
Holger Rupprecht, Katharina Gaab
Tension pneumopericardium is a rare disease that is very difficult to diagnose. A 3-year old child was run over by a minibus. Computed tomography showed bilateral pneumothorax, multiple rib fractures on both sides, and a hepatic laceration. The massive blunt thoracic trauma caused entrapped air in the pericardium, and a tension pneumoprecordium developed abruptly. We report this unique case of tension pneumopericardium in a child, and the subsequent emergency surgery and damage control measures.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776222/-surgical-techniques-for-severe-brain-injury-with-special-emphasis-on-polytrauma
#11
REVIEW
Georg C Clarici
CLINICAL ISSUE: In Austria approximately 2000 people suffer from severe brain injury per year. Brain trauma is the most common cause of death under the age of 45 years. In polytrauma patients the treatment and management of severe brain injury is particularly challenging because the life-threatening injuries of other organ systems significantly influence the timing of surgery and the outcome. The sequence of the necessary surgery is an interdisciplinary decision already made in the emergency room...
August 3, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776131/pure-distraction-injury-of-t1-2-with-quad-fever
#12
Jun-Yeong Seo, Chae-Moon Lim, Young-Hoon Kim, Kee-Yong Ha
INTRODUCTION: We report a pure distraction injury of the upper thoracic spine and uncontrolled hyperthermia without an infectious cause. Quad fever appears in the first several weeks to months after a cervical or upper thoracic SCI and is characterized by an extreme elevation in body core temperature beyond 40 °C without an infectious cause. Discriminating between infectious and noninfectious causes is important, and a thorough clinical assessment is required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 52-year-old male visited the emergency room complaining of back pain with complete paralysis [American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) A] of both lower extremities after a pedestrian-motor vehicle accident...
August 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767491/medical-student-perceptions-of-global-surgery-at-an-academic-institution-identifying-gaps-in-global-health-education
#13
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Matthew Murray, Kathleen M Casey
PURPOSE: Robust global health demands access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care for all. The long-term success of global surgery requires medical students to understand and engage with this emerging field. The authors characterized medical students' perceptions of surgical care relative to other fields within global health. METHOD: An optional, anonymous survey was given to all Johns Hopkins medical students from February to March 2016 to assess perceptions of surgical care and its role in global health...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767478/a-case-report-on-ultrasound-guided-serratus-plane-block-and-fast-track-tracheal-extubation-in-the-operating-room-for-thoracic-trauma-patients-is-it-possible
#14
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Paolo Scimia, Stefano Di Carlo, Ambra Testa, Antonio Luciani, Emiliano Petrucci, Franco Marinangeli
Painful rib fractures may be a factor in trauma patients remaining intubated and being given postoperative mechanical ventilation after emergency surgery. Regional techniques could provide sufficient analgesia in these patients to enable weaning and extubation and thus prevent or minimize complications related to prolonged ventilatory support. We describe a trauma patient with multiple rib fractures requiring an emergency splenectomy for whom an ultrasound-guided serratus plane block provided good quality pain relief for his rib fractures and enabled fast-track extubation in the operating room...
August 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762583/case-of-spontaneous-splenic-rupture-caused-by-ectopic-pregnancy-in-the-spleen
#15
Bao-Qiang Wu, Feng Zhu, Yong Jiang, Dong-Lin Sun
Splenic ectopic pregnancy refers to the implantation of the oosperm in the spleen. If not diagnosed early, the results of this phenomenon would almost certainly be splenic rupture, which is equivalent to the spontaneous rupture of the spleen. If the patient has no history of trauma, it is difficult to diagnose this condition early and an explicit diagnosis is often obtained by exploratory laparotomy. We report the case of a 27-year-old woman who was admitted to the hospital due to abdominal pain and hemorrhagic shock...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757865/emergency-backwards-whipple-for-bleeding-formidable-and-definitive-surgery
#16
Cristian Lupascu, Ana Trofin, Mihai Zabara, Alexandra Vornicu, Ramona Cadar, Nutu Vlad, Oana Apopei, Valentin Grigorean, Corina Lupascu-Ursulescu
INTRODUCTION: During the past decades, the safety of pancreatoduodenectomy has improved, with low mortality and reduced morbidity, particularly in centers with extensive experience. Emergency pancreatoduodenectomy is an uncommon event, for treatment of pancreaticoduodenal trauma, bleeding, or perforation. We herein present a single center experience concerning nontrauma emergency pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreaticoduodenal bleeding. METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2015, from a population of 134 PD (70 males and 64 females, mean age 62...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741327/-prescription-pattern-in-the-management-of-type-i-open-forearm-fractures-in-pediatric-patients
#17
J A López-Tello, B J Torres-Fernández, N G Escalona-Reynoso
BACKGROUND: Pediatric open fractures account for more tan 10% of hospital admissions in a Pediatric Trauma Clinical Department. It is important to identify the predominant surgical management prescription pattern in pediatric patients presenting with Type I open forearm fractures at a referral center in an emerging economy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional, analytical, secondary-source (logs) sampling study of consecutive cases. The cases included subjects under 17 years of age presenting with Type I open forearm fractures at a Pediatric Trauma Clinical Department from January 1st, 2009 to December 31st, 2013...
January 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737565/use-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-in-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#18
Carolina Nilsson, Linda Bilos, Tal Hörer, Artai Pirouzram
The usage of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta, also known as aortic balloon occlusion, is an emerging method for bleeding control as a bridge to definitive treatment in trauma management. We describe a trauma case where resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta was used as part of the EndoVascular hybrid Trauma and bleeding Management concept to facilitate transient hemorrhage control and thereby to permit damage control surgery. The case is an illustration of the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach...
July 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737558/upper-extremity-patterns-of-injury-and-management-at-a-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-referral-center-in-mexico-city
#19
Jose E Telich-Tarriba, Enrique Velazquez, Alberto Theurel-Cuevas, Kenji Shinji-Perez, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Yusef Jimenez-Murat, Alexander Cardenas-Mejia
BACKGROUND: Acute upper extremity injuries remain one of the most common consultations in the emergency departments for plastic surgery services. These injuries can affect a person's quality of life and negatively affect work-related or social interactions if not properly managed. We aim to evaluate our experience and management in a specialized referral center in Mexico City. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed. All patients with hand trauma managed by our service from July 2010 to June 2015 were included; their demographic characteristics were described as well as the most common patterns of injury, management, and outcome...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722024/multifunctional-nanoparticles-as-a-tissue-adhesive-and-an-injectable-marker-for-image-guided-procedures
#20
Kwangsoo Shin, Jin Woo Choi, Giho Ko, Seungmin Baik, Dokyoon Kim, Ok Kyu Park, Kyoungbun Lee, Hye Rim Cho, Sang Ihn Han, Soo Hong Lee, Dong Jun Lee, Nohyun Lee, Hyo-Cheol Kim, Taeghwan Hyeon
Tissue adhesives have emerged as an alternative to sutures and staples for wound closure and reconnection of injured tissues after surgery or trauma. Owing to their convenience and effectiveness, these adhesives have received growing attention particularly in minimally invasive procedures. For safe and accurate applications, tissue adhesives should be detectable via clinical imaging modalities and be highly biocompatible for intracorporeal procedures. However, few adhesives meet all these requirements. Herein, we show that biocompatible tantalum oxide/silica core/shell nanoparticles (TSNs) exhibit not only high contrast effects for real-time imaging but also strong adhesive properties...
July 19, 2017: Nature Communications
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