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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913946/facial-emotion-recognition-in-schizophrenia-an-exploratory-study-on-the-role-of-comorbid-alcohol-and-substance-use-disorders-and-comt-val158met
#1
Giuseppe Carrà, Gabriella Nicolini, Annamaria Lax, Francesco Bartoli, Filippo Castellano, Alessia Chiorazzi, Giulia Gamba, Mattia Bava, Cristina Crocamo, Costanza Papagno
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether facial emotion recognition (FER), impaired in both schizophrenia and alcohol and substance use disorders (AUDs/SUDs), is additionally compromised among comorbid subjects, also considering the role of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study, randomly recruiting 67 subjects with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of schizophrenia, and rigorously assessing AUDs/SUDs and COMT Val158Met polymorphism...
September 15, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912192/mechanical-cervical-ripening-for-women-with-prolongedpregnancies-magpop-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-silicone-double-balloon-catheter-versus-the-propess-system-for-the-slow-release-of-dinoprostone-for-cervical-ripening-of-prolonged-pregnancies
#2
Caroline Diguisto, Amélie Le Gouge, Bruno Giraudeau, Franck Perrotin
INTRODUCTION: Induction of labour for prolonged pregnancies (PP) when the cervix is unfavourable is a challenging situation. Cervical ripening by pharmacological or mechanical techniques before oxytocin administration is used to increase the likelihood of vaginal delivery. Both techniques are equally effective in achieving vaginal delivery but excessive uterine activity, which induces fetal heart rate (FHR) anomalies, is more frequent after the pharmacological intervention. We hypothesised that mechanical cervical ripening could reduce the caesarean rate for non-reassuring FHR especially in PP where fetuses are already susceptible to this...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904177/limited-proteolysis-as-a-tool-to-probe-the-tertiary-conformation-of-dysferlin-and-structural-consequences-of-patient-missense-variant-l344p
#3
Natalie Woolger, Adam Bournazos, Reece A Sophocleous, Frances J Evesson, Angela Lek, Birgit Driemer, R Bryan Sutton, Sandra T Cooper
Dysferlin is a large transmembrane protein that plays a key role in cell membrane repair, and underlies a recessive form of inherited muscular dystrophy. Dysferlinopathy is characterized by absence or marked reduction of dysferlin protein, with 43% of reported pathogenic variants being missense variants that span the length of the dysferlin protein. The unique structure of dysferlin, with seven tandem C2-domains separated by linkers, suggest dysferlin may dynamically associate with phospholipid membranes in response to Ca2+ signaling...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861248/growth-form-evolution-and-hybridization-in-senecio-asteraceae-from-the-high-equatorial-andes
#4
Eva Dušková, Petr Sklenář, Filip Kolář, Diana L A Vásquez, Katya Romoleroux, Tomáš Fér, Karol Marhold
Changes in growth forms frequently accompany plant adaptive radiations, including páramo-a high-elevation treeless habitat type of the northern Andes. We tested whether diverse group of Senecio inhabiting montane forests and páramo represented such growth form changes. We also investigated the role of Andean geography and environment in structuring genetic variation of this group. We sampled 108 populations and 28 species of Senecio (focusing on species from former genera Lasiocephalus and Culcitium) and analyzed their genetic relationships and patterns of intraspecific variation using DNA fingerprinting (AFLPs) and nuclear DNA sequences (ITS)...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854719/techniques-used-for-iui-is-it-time-for-a-change
#5
L Lemmens, S Kos, C Beijer, D D M Braat, W L D M Nelen, A M M Wetzels
STUDY QUESTION: Are the guidelines for the technical aspects of IUI (WHO, 2010) still in accordance with the current literature? SUMMARY ANSWER: In general, the laboratory guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) are a suitable protocol, although the evidence is not always conclusive and some changes are advisable. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Lack of standardization of the technical procedures required for IUI might result in inter-laboratory variation in pregnancy rates...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854592/weight-reduction-intervention-for-obese-infertile-women-prior-to-ivf-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Snorri Einarsson, Christina Bergh, Britt Friberg, Anja Pinborg, Anna Klajnbard, Per-Olof Karlström, Linda Kluge, Ingrid Larsson, Anne Loft, Anne-Lis Mikkelsen-Englund, Kaj Stenlöf, Anna Wistrand, Ann Thurin-Kjellberg
STUDY QUESTION: Does an intensive weight reduction programme prior to IVF increase live birth rates for infertile obese women? SUMMARY ANSWER: An intensive weight reduction programme resulted in a large weight loss but did not substantially affect live birth rates in obese women scheduled for IVF. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: Among obese women, fertility and obstetric outcomes are influenced negatively with increased risk of miscarriage and a higher risk of maternal and neonatal complications...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854584/polycystic-ovarian-morphology-and-the-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-redefining-threshold-levels-for-follicle-count-and-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-using-cluster-analysis
#7
S Lie Fong, J S E Laven, A Duhamel, D Dewailly
STUDY QUESTION: Can cluster analysis be used to differentiate between normo-ovulatory women with normal ovaries and normo-ovulatory women with polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM) in a non-subjective manner? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cluster analysis can be used to accurately and non-subjectively differentiate between normo-ovulatory women with normal ovaries and normo-ovulatory women with PCOM. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Currently, PCOM is diagnosed using a fixed threshold level, i...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854583/non-equivalence-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-automated-assays-clinical-implications-for-use-as-a-companion-diagnostic-for-individualised-gonadotrophin-dosing
#8
Stamatina Iliodromiti, Barbara Salje, Didier Dewailly, Craig Fairburn, Renato Fanchin, Richard Fleming, Hang Wun Raymond Li, Krzysztof Lukaszuk, Ernest Hung Yu Ng, Pascal Pigny, Teddy Tadros, Joseph van Helden, Ralf Weiskirchen, Scott M Nelson
STUDY QUESTION: Can anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) automated immunoassays (Elecsys® and Access) be used interchangeably as a companion diagnostic for individualisation of follitropin delta dosing? SUMMARY ANSWER: The Access assay gives systematically higher AMH values than the Elecsys® assay which results in over 29% of women being misclassified to a different follitropin delta dose. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Follitropin delta is the first gonadotrophin to be licenced with a companion diagnostic, the Roche Elecsys® AMH Plus assay...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854580/ovarian-response-to-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-what-does-serum-fsh-say
#9
Simone C Oudshoorn, Theodora C van Tilborg, Ouijdane Hamdine, Helen L Torrance, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Eef G W M Lentjes, Cornelis B Lambalk, Frank J M Broekmans
STUDY QUESTION: Do serum FSH levels on day of hCG trigger differ between women with a poor, normal or hyper response to a fixed daily dose of 150 IU recombinant FSH (rFSH)? SUMMARY ANSWER: There is no consistent relationship between ovarian response and serum FSH levels on day of hCG trigger in a 150 IU fixed dose treatment protocol. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: When ovarian response to stimulation for IVF/ICSI is suboptimal, the FSH dose is often adjusted in a subsequent cycle, thereby assuming that serum FSH levels were inadequate for optimal stimulation...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851893/the-fer-rs4957796-tt-genotype-is-associated-with-unfavorable-90-day-survival-in-caucasian-patients-with-severe-ards-due-to-pneumonia
#10
José Hinz, Benedikt Büttner, Fabian Kriesel, Maximilian Steinau, Aron Frederik Popov, Michael Ghadimi, Tim Beissbarth, Mladen Tzvetkov, Ingo Bergmann, Ashham Mansur
A recent genome-wide association study showed that a genetic variant within the FER gene is associated with survival in patients with sepsis due to pneumonia. Because severe pneumonia is the main cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we aimed to investigate the effect of the FER polymorphism rs4957796 on the 90-day survival in patients with ARDS due to pneumonia. An assessment of a prospectively collected cohort of 441 patients with ARDS admitted to three intensive care units at the University Medical Centre identified 274 patients with ARDS due to pneumonia...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845198/effect-of-uridine-protecting-groups-on-the-diastereoselectivity-of-uridine-derived-aldehyde-5-alkynylation
#11
Raja Ben Othman, Mickaël J Fer, Laurent Le Corre, Sandrine Calvet-Vitale, Christine Gravier-Pelletier
The 5'-alkynylation of uridine-derived aldehydes is described. The addition of alkynyl Grignard reagents on the carbonyl group is significantly influenced by the 2',3'-di-O-protecting groups (R(1)): O-alkyl groups led to modest diastereoselectivities (65:35) in favor of the 5'R-isomer, whereas O-silyl groups promoted higher diastereoselectivities (up to 99:1) in favor of the 5'S-isomer. A study related to this protecting group effect on the diastereoselectivity is reported.
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829734/paradise-lost-eden-with-leish-and-fer-de-lance
#12
Claire Panosian Dunavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809081/diagnosing-the-internal-architecture-of-zeolite-ferrierite
#13
Joel E Schmidt, Frank C Hendriks, Martin Lutz, L Christiaan Post, Donglong Fu, Dr Bert M Weckhuysen
Large crystals of zeolite ferrierite (FER) are important model systems for spatially resolved catalysis and diffusion studies, though there is considerable variation in crystal habit depending on the chemical composition and employed synthesis conditions. A synergistic combination of techniques has been applied, including single crystal X-ray diffraction, high-temperature in situ confocal fluorescence microscopy, fluorescent probe molecules, wide-field microscopy and atomic force microscopy to unravel the internal architecture of three distinct FER zeolites...
August 15, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805885/effects-of-steeped-or-fermented-distillers-dried-grains-with-solubles-on-growth-performance-in-weanling-pigs
#14
M Wiseman, B McBride, J Li, D Wey, J Zhu, C F M de Lange
Coproduct feeding value may be improved by enzyme and microbial inoculant treatment in liquid diets. Three experiments were conducted to assess growth performance in newly weaned 20-d-old pigs fed corn- and soybean meal-based diets with untreated, steeped, or partially fermented distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) from day of weaning. In Exp. 1, conventionally dry fed diets with untreated DDGS (DDGS) or without DDGS (Control) were fed. In Exp. 2, liquid diets (25% DM [75% moisture]) were fed with enzymes (β-glucanase and xylanase at 67...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799040/automated-microfluidic-devices-integrating-solid-phase-extraction-fluorescent-labeling-and-microchip-electrophoresis-for-preterm-birth-biomarker-analysis
#15
Vishal Sahore, Mukul Sonker, Anna V Nielsen, Radim Knob, Suresh Kumar, Adam T Woolley
We have developed multichannel integrated microfluidic devices for automated preconcentration, labeling, purification, and separation of preterm birth (PTB) biomarkers. We fabricated multilayer poly(dimethylsiloxane)-cyclic olefin copolymer (PDMS-COC) devices that perform solid-phase extraction (SPE) and microchip electrophoresis (μCE) for automated PTB biomarker analysis. The PDMS control layer had a peristaltic pump and pneumatic valves for flow control, while the PDMS fluidic layer had five input reservoirs connected to microchannels and a μCE system...
August 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783875/antifungal-activity-of-the-lipophilic-antioxidant-ferrostatin-1
#16
Michael Horwath, Tiffany Bell-Horwath, Victor Lescano, Karthik Krishnan, Edward Merino, George Samuel Deepe
Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) is a lipophilic antioxidant that effectively blocks ferroptosis, a distinct non-apoptotic form of cell death caused by lipid peroxidation. During many infections, both pathogens and host cells are subjected to oxidative stress, but the occurrence of ferroptosis has not been investigated. Ferroptosis was examined in macrophages infected with the pathogenic yeast Histoplasma capsulatum. Unexpectedly, Fer-1 not only reduced death of macrophages infected in vitro, but inhibited the growth of H...
August 7, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783135/enzymatic-and-pro-inflammatory-activities-of-bothrops-lanceolatus-venom-relevance-for-envenomation
#17
Marie Delafontaine, Isadora Maria Villas-Boas, Laurence Mathieu, Patrice Josset, Joël Blomet, Denise V Tambourgi
Bothrops lanceolatus, commonly named 'Fer-de-Lance', is an endemic snake of the French Caribbean Island of Martinique. Envenomations by B. lanceolatus present clinical aspects characterized by systemic thrombotic syndrome and important local inflammation, involving edema and pain but limited hemorrhage. To investigate mechanisms of venom-induced inflammation, B. lanceolatus venom was characterized, its cross-reactivity with bothropic antivenom explored, its cytotoxicity on human keratinocytes and vascular cells, and the production of cytokines and chemokines were analyzed...
August 7, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759956/long-non-coding-rna-fer-1-like-protein-4-acts-as-a-tumor-suppressor-via-mir-106a-5p-and-predicts-good-prognosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Ju Wu, Jiaobao Huang, Wei Wang, Jian Xu, Min Yin, Nan Cheng, Jiajun Yin
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are aberrantly expressed in various cancers. Fer-1-like protein 4 (FER1L4), one of lncRNAs, plays a role as tumor suppressor in various human cancers and can be regulated by microRNA. However, the role and function of FER1L4 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to annotate the role of FER1L4 and its clinical value in HCC. In the present study, we found that FER1L4 was lowly expressed in HCC tissue specimens as well as in malignant HCC cell lines, while the situation is opposite in miR-106a-5p...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749146/rigid-branched-porphyrin-antennas-control-over-cascades-of-unidirectional-energy-funneling-and-charge-transfer
#19
Maximilian Wolf, Astrid Herrmann, Andreas Hirsch, Dirk M Guldi
Porphyrin arrays consisting of three peripheral Zinc porphyrins (ZnPs) and a central free base porphyrin (H2P)-all rigidly linked to each other-serve as light-harvesting antennas as well as electron donors and are flexibly coupled to an electron-accepting C60 to realize the unidirectional flow of (i) excited-state energy from the ZnPs at the periphery to the H2P, (ii) electrons to C60, and (iii) holes to H2P and, subsequently, to ZnP. Dynamics following photoexcitation are elucidated by time-resolved transient absorption measurements on the femto-, pico-, nano-, and microsecond time scales and are examined by multiwavelength as well as target analyses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745671/-a-role-of-interactions-between-n-methyl-d-aspartate-and-dopamine-receptors-in-facial-emotion-recognition-impairment-in-schizophrenia
#20
M V Alfimova, V E Golimbet, G I Korovaitseva, T V Lezheiko, D V Tikhonov, T K Ganisheva, N B Berezin, A A Snegireva, T K Shemiakina
AIM: To search for genetic mechanisms of facial emotion recognition (FER) impairment, one of the features of schizophrenia that affects social adaptation of patients. Based on the view implicating the interplay between dopaminergic and glutamatergic systems into the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, authors explored the interaction effects of the C366G polymorphism in the GRIN2B gene encoding NMDA receptor subunit NR2B with ANKK1/DRD2 Taq1A and 48-VNTR DRD4 polymorphisms on FER. MATERIAL AND METHODS: GRIN2B -DRD2 interaction effects were studied in a sample of 237 patients and 235 healthy controls, GRIN2B - DRD4 in 268 patients and 208 controls...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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