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Abdominal fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140545/neobladder-vaginal-fistula-the-university-of-southern-california-experience
#1
Shilo Rosenberg, Gus Miranda, David A Ginsberg
AIMS: The use of orthotropic neobladder (ONB) construction in women has increased in popularity. With increasing numbers so have complications distinct to this procedure. Neobladder vaginal fistula (NVF) is a rare but challenging complication. We present our experience correcting this problem. METHODS: An IRB approved database of female patients with an ONB was retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a history of NVF were identified and charts reviewed. Our standard technique of radical cystectomy and orthotopic diversion in female patients includes interposition of omentum between the neobladder and anterior vaginal wall and sacrocolpopexy...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137063/gallstone-ileus-displaying-the-typical-rigler-triad-and-an-occult-second-ectopic-stone-a-case-report
#2
Li Wang, Ping Dong, Yi Zhang, Bole Tian
RATIONALE: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis. It has a female predominance and can result in high mortality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman complaining of recurrent vomiting and vague epigastralgia for > 2 weeks presented to our department. DIAGNOSIS: Based on her physical examination, laboratory test results and radiographic findings (the typical Rigler's triad), she was diagnosed with gallstone ileus caused by multiple ectopic stones...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135497/pancreatic-chymotrypsin-activity-rather-than-amylase-level-better-predicts-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#3
Suguru Yamashita, Takeaki Ishizawa, Kazuhiro Mori, Kazuteru Monden, Yugo Kuriki, Mako Kamiya, Junichi Kaneko, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Arita, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Yasuteru Urano, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of chymotrypsin activity in pancreatic juice on clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) after pancreatic resection, since pancreatic peptidases rather than glycolytic enzymes play a pivotal role in causing tissue damage due to pancreatic leakage. BACKGROUND: The risk of CR-POPF has been estimated based on amylase level in abdominal drainage fluid. METHODS: Eighty-one consecutive patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy, and postoperative pancreatic juice and drainage fluids were collected for 14 days...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129420/surgical-strategy-for-the-treatment-of-aortoesophageal-fistula
#4
Takahiro Yamazato, Tetsu Nakamura, Noriyuki Abe, Koki Yokawa, Yuki Ikeno, Yojiro Koda, Soichiro Henmi, Hidekazu Nakai, Yasuko Gotake, Takashi Matsueda, Takeshi Inoue, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yutaka Okita
OBJECTIVE: To present a surgical strategy for aortoesophageal fistula (AEF). METHODS: From October 1999 to May 2017, 27 patients with AEF were treated at Kobe University Hospital. After 9 patients with malignancies or fish bone penetration were excluded, 18 patients who had AEF secondary to aortic lesions were investigated. The mean age was 67.2 ± 10.4 years, and the male/female ratio was 16:2. Twelve patients had a nondissection thoracic aneurysm, and 6 patients had a chronic aortic dissection...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125082/-splenic-abscess
#5
A J van Tienhoven, W M Lambers, T P Tan, B A van Wagensveld, P Peerboom, J Veenstra
Splenic abscess is a rare and potentially lethal clinical condition. The most common symptoms of a splenic abscess - abdominal pain, nausea and fever - are non-specific. As a result, a splenic abscess is often not considered in the initial work-up. This might lead to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. In this case series we successively describe a 41-year-old female with a splenic abscess after Streptococcus milleri bacteraemia, a 78-year-old male with a splenic abscess caused by a colon carcinoma and a 52-year-old male with a splenic abscess resulting from a colosplenic fistula after bariatric surgery...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116490/impact-of-sarcopenic-obesity-on-failure-to-rescue-from-major-complications-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-cancer-results-from-a-multicenter-study
#6
Nicolò Pecorelli, Giovanni Capretti, Marta Sandini, Anna Damascelli, Giulia Cristel, Francesco De Cobelli, Luca Gianotti, Alessandro Zerbi, Marco Braga
BACKGROUND: Failure to rescue (FTR) is a quality-of-care indicator in pancreatic surgery, but may also identify patients who may not tolerate major postoperative complications despite being treated with best available care. Previous studies found that high visceral adipose tissue-to-skeletal muscle ratio is associated with poor outcomes following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of the study is to assess the impact of sarcopenic obesity on occurrence of FTR from major complications in cancer patients undergoing PD...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099696/treatment-of-duodenal-injuries-and-complications-after-surgery-case-reports
#7
Z Beriashvili, M Gurgenidze
A 28-year-old male patient came to Surgical Department 15.07.2003 after a gunshot wound. An emergency operation was performed. Among the other damages of different part of intestinum damage of the anterior wall of the second anatomical part of the duodenum was diagnosed intraoperatively. The size of the damaged area was 3×1 sm. The doudenal wound was sutured with two layers after updating the edges. On the fifth postoperative day the wound leakage was detected. Later the giant sizes of duodenal fistula was formed...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099149/closure-methods-for-laparotomy-incisions-for-preventing-incisional-hernias-and-other-wound-complications
#8
REVIEW
Sunil V Patel, David D Paskar, Richard L Nelson, Satyanarayana S Vedula, Scott R Steele
BACKGROUND: Surgeons who perform laparotomy have a number of decisions to make regarding abdominal closure. Material and size of potential suture types varies widely. In addition, surgeons can choose to close the incision in anatomic layers or mass ('en masse'), as well as using either a continuous or interrupted suturing technique, of which there are different styles of each. There is ongoing debate as to which suturing techniques and suture materials are best for achieving definitive wound closure while minimising the risk of short- and long-term complications...
November 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098195/subcapsular-splenic-urinoma-and-splenorenal-fistula-a-new-complication-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#9
Eugene B Cone, Ghalib Jibara, Daniel Wollin, Glenn M Preminger
Background: Splenic urinoma has not been previously reported as a complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Case Presentation: A 46-year-old Caucasian male underwent PNL for two large left renal stones. Surgery was performed in prone split-leg position, with access obtained through combined fluoroscopic guidance and direct ureteroscopic observation of the targeted calix. The tract was dilated to 30F using a pressure balloon, and complete clearance of stones was obtained through a combination of rigid and flexible nephroscopy, as well as antegrade ureteroscopy...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094173/imaging-of-post-operative-pancreas-and-complications-after-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-resection
#10
Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Elliot K Fishman, Atif Zaheer
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths. With surgical resection being the only definitive treatment, improvements in technique has led to an increase in number of candidates undergoing resection by inclusion of borderline resectable disease patients to the clearly resectable group. Post-operative complications associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pancreatectomy include delayed gastric emptying, anastomotic failures, fistula formation, strictures, abscess, infarction, etc...
November 1, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094033/inferior-mesenteric-arteriovenous-fistula
#11
Seunghun Lee, Jooweon Chung, Byungkwon Ahn, Seunghyun Lee, Sunguhn Baek
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the inferior mesenteric artery and vein is very rare with only 33 cases described in the literature and may be of congenital or acquired (iatrogenic or traumatic) or idiopathic etiology. The pathophysiology of AVF that acts as a left-to-right shunt has accounted for clinical signs and symptoms associated with ischemic colitis, portal hypertension, and heart failure. A low incidence and nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms such as abdominal pain, thrill and mass, lower and upper gastrointestinal bleeding make it difficult to establish a diagnosis of inferior mesenteric AVF...
October 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090424/spontaneous-external-biliary-fistula-arising-from-an-intrahepatic-duct
#12
Naoto Mizumura, Satoshi Okumura, Hiroshi Tsuchihashi, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki
A spontaneous external biliary fistula is most commonly a cholecystocutaneous fistula secondary to acute cholecystitis. A fistula arising from an intrahepatic duct is extremely rare. An 87-year-old man presented with swelling of the epigastric region and right upper quadrant abdomen. He had a history of cholecystectomy and endoscopic sphincterotomy. After antibiotic treatment and surgical opening of both lesions, abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a soft tissue mass cephalad to the umbilicus. We excised the mass, and found it to be associated with a fistula through the linea alba...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090018/incidence-root-cause-and-outcomes-of-unintentionally-retained-intraabdominal-surgical-sponges-a-retrospective-case-series-from-two-hospitals-in-togo
#13
Boyodi Tchangai, Mazamaesso Tchaou, Iroukora Kassegne, Kpatekana Simlawo
BACKGROUND: The term gossypiboma refers to a sponge that has been forgotten in the surgical field. It is the most common retained surgical item, and constitutes a continuing problem for surgical safety. We performed a hospital-based study to examine their incidence, root cause, and outcomes, as an effort toward improving prevention. METHODS: This retrospective study covered 10 years (2006-2015) and included surgically confirmed cases of abdominal gossypibomas occurring after 45,011 abdominal and gynaecological operations in 2 public hospitals in Lome (Togo)...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082325/endoscopic-treatment-of-intrauterine-device-migration-into-the-bladder-with-stone-formation
#14
Masayuki Sano, Kaoru Nemoto, Takafumi Miura, Yasutomo Suzuki
Background: An intrauterine device is commonly used for contraception globally. Although intrauterine device placement is an effective and safe method of contraception, migration into the bladder with stone formation is a rare and serious complication. The management approaches for an intrauterine device embedded in the bladder include endoscopic procedures and open surgical removal. In this study, we report the case of a patient with recurrent urinary tract infection associated with intrauterine device migration and urolithiasis, who successfully underwent endoscopic treatment combined with laser fragmentation...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076691/richter-s-hernia-presenting-as-faecal-fistula-in-female-a-rare-entity
#15
Muhammad Khurram Zia, Hafsa Anwar, Sahira Naz, Hafiz Abdul Wase, Muhammad Saad Usmani, Taha Nafees
Strangulated hernia in quite common in surgical practice and always present with its typical symptoms. In this hardly found unique case, a 76-year's old female with no co morbid presented to us with abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea initially and later developed left groin abscess after 4 days of swelling. It was assumed to be inguinal lymphadenitis leading to abscess formation but after complete evaluation on digital examination, diagnosis of Strangulated Femoral hernia of Richter type was made. This distinguishing presentation among the list of all hernias has to be discussed for the differential diagnosis...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075825/effective-communication-of-cross-sectional-imaging-findings-in-crohn-s-disease-comparing-conventional-emr-reporting-to-a-published-scoring-system
#16
Andrew Flint, Naueen A Chaudhry, Michael Riverso, Angela Pham, Patricia P Moser, Lazarus K Mramba, Ellen M Zimmermann, Joseph R Grajo
PURPOSE: The purpose of the article is to compare information regarding small bowel lesions in Crohn's disease (CD) patients communicated by a published scoring system and radiology reports from electronic medical record (EMR) of cross-sectional abdominal imaging. METHODS: Two gastrointestinal radiologists (reference readers) blinded to EMR reports scored cross-sectional imaging exams using a published scoring system. Investigators compared EMR and radiologist scores based on the mentioned findings and severity documentation of each variable...
October 26, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070759/total-bilirubin-amount-in-drainage-fluid-can-be-an-early-predictor-for-severe-biliary-fistula-after-hepatobiliary-surgery
#17
Toshitaka Sugawara, Junichi Shindoh, Yujiro Nishioka, Masaji Hashimoto
The ratio of the bilirubin concentration in abdominal drainage fluid to the serum bilirubin concentration (d-Bil/s-Bil) has been used as a predictor of biliary fistula (BF) formation after hepatobiliary surgery. The d-Bil/s-Bil ratio is highly influenced by the amount of drainage and is not always reliable, especially when the amount of drainage is large. In this study, the usefulness of the d-Bil/s-Bil ratio and total bilirubin amount in the drainage fluid (TBA) (bilirubin concentration in the drainage fluid x the amount of drainage) as predictors of severe BF (sBF) formation was evaluated retrospectively from the data of 306 patients who had undergone hepatobiliary surgery...
October 24, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065703/safety-and-effectiveness-of-transarterial-embolization-for-splenic-artery-hemorrhage-in-patients-undergoing-radical-gastrectomy
#18
Kichang Han, Man-Deuk Kim, Michael Diffley, Joon Ho Kwon, Gyoung Min Kim, Woosun Choi, Yong Seek Kim, Junhyung Lee, Jong Yun Won, Do Yun Lee
Background Perigastric lymph nodes are dissected during gastrectomy, potentially resulting in life-threatening postoperative bleeding. Purpose To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transarterial embolization (TAE) for bleeding from the splenic artery in patients who underwent gastrectomy. Material and Methods Between January 2004 and December 2016, 14,523 patients underwent gastrectomy at our institution, and ten patients (nine men; mean age = 64.7 years; age range = 51-80 years) underwent TAE for postoperative bleeding from the splenic artery...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061024/-comparison-of-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy-and-open-distal-pancreatectomy-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#19
K Xu, J J Su, M Su, L Yan, J Feng, X L Xin, Y L Chen
Objective: To compare and evaluate the curative effect of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy(LDP) and traditional open distal pancreatectomy(ODP) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 15 patients treated by LDP and 87 contemporaneous cases treated by ODP from January 2010 to November 2015 was collected, and the curative effect and prognosis of these patients were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The operation time of LDP group was (286.5±48.1) min, significantly longer than that of OPD group(226...
October 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054907/secondary-aortoduodenal-fistula-and-the-unrecognised-herald-bleed
#20
Francesc Simó Alari, Esther Molina González, Israel Gutierrez, Aïcha Ahamdanech-Idrissi
A 65-year-old man with history of aortobifemoral surgery 4 years ago was admitted to hospital after sudden abdominal pain. Initially misdiagnosed as renal colic, he was treated with analgesics, and while on observation he started with haematemesis, rapidly responding to volume infusion. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed fresh blood in the stomach with no visible active bleeding. CT scan showed an important contrast extravasation from the aorta to the third duodenal portion, restarting haemodynamic instability and a cardiac arrest...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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