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Abdominal fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431416/caring-for-critically-injured-children-an-analysis-of-56-pediatric-damage-control-laparotomies
#1
Miguel A Villalobos, Joshua P Hazelton, Rachel L Choron, Lisa Capano-Wehrle, Krystal Hunter, John P Gaughan, Steven E Ross, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Injury is the leading cause of death in children under 18 years. Damage control principles have been extensively studied in adults but remain relatively unstudied in children. Our primary study objective was to evaluate the use of damage control laparotomy (DCL) in critically injured children. METHODS: An American College of Surgeons-verified Level 1 trauma center review (1996-2013) of pediatric trauma laparotomies was undertaken. Exclusion criteria included: age older than 18 years, laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome or delayed longer than 2 hours after admission...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423091/an-unusual-abdominal-wall-mass-in-a-child
#2
Amalia Maria do Espirito Santo Souza, Tomas Marzagão Barbuto, Flávia Alessandra Freitas, Nathalia Fernandes Vianna, Carla Maria Costa Zanchetta, Silvana Forsait, Claudio Borba, Alessandra Milani Prandini de Azambuja, Lilian Maria Cristofani, Vicente Odone
Abdominal tumors are one of the most common types of pediatric cancer. Therefore, they should always be included in the differential diagnosis of abdominal masses. Here, we present the case of a child whose initial hypothesis of diagnosis contemplated this possibility. Later, it was demonstrated that the abdominal mass found was secondary to a common parasitosis. A 2-year old, moderately malnourished and pale white boy was referred with a history of a rapidly growing, well-limited, middle abdominal mass. The mass was 10 by 3 cm, hard and poorly movable, apparently involving both abdominal rectus muscles...
April 13, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418374/-intestinal-fistula-after-anterior-abdominal-wall-hernia-repair-with-composite-prosthesis
#3
A R Kaldarov, A G Krieger, B Sh Gogiya, D S Gorin, V N Matushevskaya, R R Alyautdinov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416240/efficacy-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-antagonists-in-stricturing-crohn-s-disease-a-tertiary-center-real-life-experience
#4
Mariangela Allocca, Cristiana Bonifacio, Gionata Fiorino, Antonino Spinelli, Federica Furfaro, Luca Balzarini, Stefanos Bonovas, Silvio Danese
BACKGROUND: Stenosis is the most common complication of Crohn's disease (CD). Long-term outcome of patients receiving tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists for such disease complication is poorly understood. METHODS: 51 CD patients (from July 2006 to November 2015) who had a diagnosis of small bowel or colonic stenosis, diagnosed by colonoscopy and/or MRI enterography, and were treated with TNF antagonists (adalimumab or infliximab) were enrolled. The primary outcome was to assess the rate of success of TNF antagonists on avoiding abdominal surgery for stricturing CD patients...
March 30, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416061/-bouveret-s-syndrome-a-rare-complication-in-connection-with-cholecystolithiasis-and-a-variant-of-gallstone-ileus
#5
Mik Wetterslev, Simon Bernth Andersen, Jens Støvring
Bouveret's syndrome is a very rare complication to cholecystolithiasis resulting in gallstone ileus. It is caused by ectopic gallstones in the duodenum due to a bilioenteric fistula. Symptoms may include vomiting and upper abdominal pains. The condition is associated with high mortality, making it important to recognize. The treatment includes surgical removal of the gallstone. However, the optimal therapeutic approach has still not been found. In this case report a 59-year-old female with Bouveret's syndrome is presented...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414697/feasibility-of-transvesical-robotic-vvf-repair-in-porcine-model
#6
Jang Hee Han, Hong-Wook Kim, Koon Ho Rha, Jang Hwan Kim
Extraperitoneal transvesicoscopic vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repair has received limited use because of its narrow working space, longer operation time, and technical difficulty. The present study describes the feasibility of robotic-assisted transvesicoscopic VVF repair in an animal model. Two Yorkshire swine underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) VVF repair. With the 4 trocars, an artificial VVF was made in the supratrigonal area and VVF repair was performed in 3 layers as in open VVF repair methods...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413300/anorectal-agenesis-with-rectovaginal-fistula-a-rare-regional-variant
#7
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Partap Singh Yadav, Shalu Shah, Rajiv Chadha
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411456/urinary-bladder-injury-during-cesarean-delivery-maternal-outcome-from-a-contemporary-large-case-series
#8
Lina Salman, Shachar Aharony, Anat Shmueli, Arnon Wiznitzer, Rony Chen, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
BACKGROUND: Urinary bladder injury is a rare complication during cesarean delivery. Little is known on maternal outcome following this injury. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short and long-term maternal outcome following bladder injury during cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series of all pregnancies complicated by full-thickness bladder injury during cesarean delivery in a single university affiliated tertiary medical center (August 2007-June 2016)...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409148/position-paper-of-inoea-working-group-on-long-gap-esophageal-atresia-for-better-care
#9
David C van der Zee, Pietro Bagolan, Christophe Faure, Frederic Gottrand, Russell Jennings, Jean-Martin Laberge, Marcela Hernan Martinez Ferro, Benoît Parmentier, Rony Sfeir, Warwick Teague
INoEA is the International Network of Esophageal Atresia and consists of a broad spectrum of pediatric specialties and patient societies. The working group on long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) set out to develop guidelines regarding the definition of LGEA, the best diagnostic and treatment strategies, and highlight the necessity of experience and communication in the management of these challenging patients. Review of the literature and expert discussion concluded that LGEA should be defined as any esophageal atresia (EA) that has no intra-abdominal air, realizing that this defines EA with no distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406887/hospitalizations-for-crohn-s-disease-united-states-2003-2013
#10
Christopher A Malarcher, Anne G Wheaton, Yong Liu, Sujay F Greenlund, Suraj J Greenlund, Hua Lu, Janet B Croft
In 2009, an estimated 565,000 Americans had Crohn's disease (1), an inflammatory bowel disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, constipation leading to bowel obstruction, and rectal bleeding.* Symptoms sometimes intensify in severity and require hospitalization and surgeries of the small intestine, colon, or rectum (2). Hospital discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) were used to estimate U...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401880/gallstone-ileus-a-case-treated-with-minilaparotomy-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Francesco Zappia, Giovanni Petracca, Carlo Alessandro Talarico
Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis which occurs in less than 1% of patients and is the cause of 1- 4% of cases of small bowel obstruction. The pathogenesis involves the formation of a bilioenteric fistula. We report the case of gallstone ileus in an 81-year old woman with typical abdominal pain, arterial hypertension and coronary artery disease. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed pneumobilia, dilated loops of small bowel and an ectopic gallstone obstructing the intestinal lumen...
March 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401051/surgery-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-indications-timing-and-post-operative-management
#12
REVIEW
Seung Kim
Pediatric onset Crohn's disease (CD) tends to have complicated behavior (stricture or penetration) than elderly onset CD at diagnosis. Considering the longer duration of the disease in pediatric patients, the accumulative chance of surgical treatment is higher than in adult onset CD patients. Possible operative indications include perianal CD, intestinal stricture or obstruction, abdominal abscess or fistula, intestinal hemorrhage, neoplastic changes and medically untreatable inflammation. Growth retardation is an operative indication only for pediatric patients...
March 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396720/delayed-gastric-emptying-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-incidence-risk-factors-and-healthcare-utilization
#13
Somala Mohammed, George Van Buren Ii, Amy McElhany, Eric J Silberfein, William E Fisher
AIM: To characterize incidence and risk factors for delayed gastric emptying (DGE) following pancreaticoduodenectomy and examine its implications on healthcare utilization. METHODS: A prospectively-maintained database was reviewed. DGE was classified using International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery criteria. Patients who developed DGE and those who did not were compared. RESULTS: Two hundred and seventy-six patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) (> 80% pylorus-preserving, antecolic-reconstruction)...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396581/coil-embolization-of-spontaneous-splenic-arteriovenous-fistula-for-treatment-of-portal-hypertension
#14
H Edward Garrett, Lamar Mack
BACKGROUND Splenic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare cause of portal hypertension which may manifest with abdominal pain, diarrhea, ascites, and/or hematemesis. Fistula formation may be traumatic or spontaneous. Eighty-six percent of spontaneous splenic AVFs occur in women, and 55% are associated with a preexisting splenic artery aneurysm. CASE REPORT A 64-year-old Caucasian female with unremarkable past medical history presented with new onset of left lower quadrant abdominal pain and persistent diarrhea...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394805/factors-associated-with-fecal-incontinence-in-women-of-childbearing-age-with-crohn-s-disease
#15
Charlène Brochard, Laurent Siproudhis, Jean Levêque, Amélie Grouin, Anne-Laure Mallet, Jean-François Bretagne, Alain Ropert, Guillaume Bouguen
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence is common in women with Crohn's disease, but little is known about the impact of childbirth, perianal Crohn's disease, and past surgical history on fecal incontinence. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were mailed to consecutive women referred to a tertiary gastroenterology centre with a focus on fecal incontinence and childbirth. These data were cross-referenced with a prospective database of the same patients' own Crohn's disease histories...
May 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393301/structured-reporting-of-ct%C3%A2-enterography%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-inflammatory-bowel-disease-effect-on-key-feature%C3%A2-reporting-accuracy-across-training-levels-and-subjective-assessment-of-disease-by-referring-physicians
#16
Benjamin Wildman-Tobriner, Brian C Allen, Mustafa R Bashir, Morgan Camp, Chad Miller, Lauren E Fiorillo, Alan Cubre, Sanaz Javadi, Alex D Bibbey, Wendy L Ehieli, Nancy McGreal, Reinaldo Quevedo, Julie K Thacker, Maciej Mazurowski, Tracy A Jaffe
PURPOSE: To compare the content and accuracy of structured reporting (SR) versus non-structured reporting (NSR) for computed tomographic enterography (CTE) of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant, retrospective study included 30 adult subjects (15 male, 15 female; mean age 41.9 years) with IBD imaged with CTE. Nine radiologists (3 faculty, 3 abdominal imaging fellows, and 3 senior radiology residents) independently interpreted all examinations using both NSR and SR, separated by four weeks...
April 9, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376418/a-case-report-of-bloody-pancreatitis
#17
Lemuel Pran, Reena Moonsie, James Byam, Shivraj BahadurSingh, Gurubasavaiah Manjunath, Marlon Seenath, Shanta Baijoo
INTRODUCTION: Haemobilia is an uncommon entity even though its frequency has increased with hepato-biliary instrumentation and procedures. It can be associated with obstructive jaundice and pancreatitis (Green et al., 2001) [1]. Haemobilia following cholecystectomy has frequently been reported in association with hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm (Curet et al., 1981; Ribeiro et al., 1998) [2,3]. The authors wish to report a case of haemobilia due to a porto-biliary fistula presenting as acute pancreatitis...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372450/a-bronchobiliary-fistula-treated-with-cyanoacrylate-glue-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis
#18
Raúl Honrubia López, Ana Barbado Cano, Gloria Ruiz Fernández, Katherine Yelenia Bustamante Robles
A 60-year-old male was operated upon in 2002 for liver hydatidosis, which included partial right hepatectomy with cholecystectomy and bilioduodenal anastomosis. He then developed liver cirrhosis secondary to left hepatic duct stricture. He presents at the emergency room with dry cough, which he had for a month and then became associated with yellowish, bitter-tasting "fluid" expectoration. A chest-abdominal CT scan revealed a 6 x 5-cm collection roughly located somewhere between the middle pulmonary lobe and subphrenic area ...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372449/enteral-stent-for-the-treatment-of-a-urinary-fistula-associated-with-a-biological-mesh-following-a-bricker-type-procedure
#19
Raquel Díaz Ruiz, Marta Castillo Pradillo, Óscar Nogales Rincón, Cecilia González Asanza
Postoperative fistula results in increased morbidity and a longer hospital stay. While surgery is the most common treatment, the endoscopic approach is an increasingly used alternative. A 57-year-old woman underwent surgery for colonic adenocarcinoma, which relapsed as peritoneal carcinomatosis and was managed with chemotherapy and surgery, a biological Permacol™ mesh was used for abdominal wall closure.
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369893/congenital-duodenocolic-fistula-in-a-dog
#20
A Lecoindre, D Saade, P Barthez, J L Cadoré, P Lecoindre
A one-year-old female cocker spaniel presented with a six-month history of persistent diarrhoea. Abdominal ultrasonographic examination revealed mild diffuse thickening of the intestinal wall coupled with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. A connection between the duodenum and the colon was observed during an endoscopic procedure and confirmed by computed tomography. Surgical resection of the communication allowed remission of the diarrhoea. Histology showed a normal duodenal epithelium and muscular layer. A duodenocolic fistula is an abnormal connection within the digestive tract, which in humans is usually considered a complication of a local pathological condition...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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