Read by QxMD icon Read

ischemia and endoplasmic reticulum

Renato Socodatoa, Camila C Portugal, Artur Rodrigues, Joana Henriques, Carla Rodrigues, Cláudia Figueira, João B Relvas
Hypoxia causes oxidative stress and excitotoxicity, culminating in neuronal damage during brain ischemia. Hypoxia also activates microglia, the myeloid resident cells of the brain parenchyma. Upon activation, microglia release high amounts of the neurotransmitter glutamate, contributing for neuronal excitotoxicity during brain insults. Here, we reveal a signaling pathway controlling glutamate release from human microglia during hypoxia. We show that hypoxia-mediated redox imbalance promotes the activation of endoplasmic reticulum inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3 ) receptors leading to Ca2+ mobilization into the cytosol...
March 1, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Berta Anuncibay-Soto, Diego Pérez-Rodriguez, María Santos-Galdiano, Enrique Font-Belmonte, Irene F Ugidos, Paloma Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Marta Regueiro-Purriños, Arsenio Fernández-López
BACKGROUND: Blood reperfusion of the ischemic tissue after stroke promotes increases in the inflammatory response as well as accumulation of unfolded/misfolded proteins in the cell, leading to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Both Inflammation and ER stress are critical processes in the delayed death of the cells damaged after ischemia. The aim of this study is to check the putative synergic neuroprotective effect by combining anti-inflammatory and anti-ER stress agents after ischemia...
February 27, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Xiaoding Wang, Lin Xu, Thomas G Gillette, Xuejun Jiang, Zhao V Wang
Ischemic heart disease is a severe stress condition that causes extensive pathological alterations and triggers cardiac cell death. Accumulating evidence suggests that the unfolded protein response (UPR) is strongly induced by myocardial ischemia. The UPR is an evolutionarily conserved cellular response to cope with protein-folding stress, from yeast to mammals. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transmembrane sensors detect the accumulation of unfolded proteins and stimulate a signaling network to accommodate unfolded and misfolded proteins...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Jian-Hui Li, Jun-Jun Jia, Wen Shen, Sha-Sha Chen, Li Jiang, Hai-Yang Xie, Lin Zhou, Shu-Sen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) causes postoperative complications and influences the outcome of the patients undergoing liver surgery and transplantation. Postconditioning (PostC) is a known manual conditioning to decrease the hepatic IRI. Here we aimed to optimize the applicable PostC protocols and investigate the potential protective mechanism. METHODS: Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: the sham group (n = 5), standard orthotopic liver transplantation group (OLT, n = 5), PostC group (OLT followed by clamping and re-opening the portal vein for different time intervals, n = 20)...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Xiaowu Wang, Binbin Yuan, Biao Cheng, Ying Liu, Ben Zhang, Xianyue Wang, Xi Lin, Bo Yang, Gu Gong
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is associated with ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Crocin could protect myocardial cells against I/R injury and suppress ER stress. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of crocin related to ER stress in myocardial I/R injury. We found crocin alleviated I/R-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis both in I/R-induced primary cardiomyocytes and in mouse models. The expression of Bax, active caspase 3, Glucose-regulated protein of 78 kDa (GRP78), and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) induced by I/R injury was reduced, whereas Bcl-2 expression was enhanced by crocin, the effect of which was abrogated by ER stress activator thapsigargin treatment...
February 8, 2018: Shock
Hao Zhou, Jin Wang, Pingjun Zhu, Shunying Hu, Jun Ren
Ripk3-mediated cellular apoptosis is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the mechanisms by which Ripk3 influences microvascular homeostasis and endothelial apoptosis are not completely understood. In this study, loss of Ripk3 inhibited endothelial apoptosis, alleviated luminal swelling, maintained microvasculature patency, reduced the expression of adhesion molecules and limited the myocardial inflammatory response. In vitro, Ripk3 deficiency protected endothelial cells from apoptosis and migratory arrest induced by HR injury...
January 27, 2018: Cellular Signalling
Akiko Sekiguchi, Sei-Ichiro Motegi, Akihiko Uchiyama, Akihito Uehara, Chisako Fujiwara, Sahori Yamazaki, Buddhini Perera, Hideharu Nakamura, Sachiko Ogino, Yoko Yokoyama, Ryoko Akai, Takao Iwawaki, Osamu Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: We previously identified that botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) suppressed pressure ulcer (PU) formation after cutaneous ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, regulation of cutaneous I/R-induced oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by BTX-B was not investigated. Additionally, the efficacy of BTX-B injection has never been examined. OBJECTIVE: Objective was to assess the effects of BTX-B on the formation of PU by cutaneous I/R injury, and the regulation of oxidative and ER stress in I/R injury by BTX-B...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Di Chen, Brandon J Dixon, Desislava M Doycheva, Bo Li, Yang Zhang, Qin Hu, Yue He, Zongduo Guo, Derek Nowrangi, Jerry Flores, Valery Filippov, John H Zhang, Jiping Tang
BACKGROUND: The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is responsible for the control of correct protein folding and protein function which is crucial for cell survival. However, under pathological conditions, such as hypoxia-ischemia (HI), there is an accumulation of unfolded proteins thereby triggering the unfolded protein response (UPR) and causing ER stress which is associated with activation of several stress sensor signaling pathways, one of them being the inositol requiring enzyme-1 alpha (IRE1α) signaling pathway...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Yulong Hu, Zheng Wang, Nannan Ge, Ting Huang, Mingchao Zhang, Hegui Wang
Previous studies have found decreased functional capacity of the sodium pump (Na+-K+-ATPase) alpha and beta subunits and recovery of Na+-K+-ATPase activity significantly decreased myocyte apoptosis in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the potential role of the Na+-K+-ATPase α-2 subunit (ATP1A2) in cardiomyocyte anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) injury has not been elucidated. Rat myocardial cells were subjected to siRNA transfection followed by A/R injury. Apoptosis and expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress proteins CHOP, GRP78, and Caspase-12 were detected in four groups of cells: ATP1A2 siRNA + A/R; control siRNA + A/R; control; and A/R injury model...
February 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Ahmad Abdullah, Palaniyandi Ravanan
The Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) plays a fundamental role in executing multiple cellular processes required for normal cellular function. Accumulation of misfolded/unfolded proteins in the ER triggers ER stress which contributes to progression of multiple diseases including neurodegenerative disorders. Recent reports have shown that ER stress inhibition could provide positive response against neuronal injury, ischemia and obesity in in vivo models. Our search towards finding an ER stress inhibitor has led to the functional discovery of kaempferol, a phytoestrogen possessing ER stress inhibitory activity in cultured mammalian cells...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fafeng Cheng, Chongyang Ma, Liangming Sun, Xiaoyu Zhang, Changming Zhai, Changxiang Li, Shuang Zhang, Beida Ren, Shuling Liu, Songnan Liu, Xiangjun Yin, Xueqian Wang, Qingguo Wang
Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and autophagy activation play important roles in the process of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The synergistic protective effects of Geniposide and ursodeoxycholic acid against cellular apoptosis caused by oxygen-glucose deprivation-reoxygenation (OGD/R) were investigated using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, flow cytometry, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and western blotting to examine cellular viability, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, mRNA and protein levels, respectively, in relation to ERS and autophagy...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Seung Pil Yun, Yeo Min Yoon, Jun Hee Lee, Minjee Kook, Yong-Seok Han, Seo Kyung Jung, Sang Hun Lee
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be a promising solution in the treatment of various diseases including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by ischemia in the area of application limits the integration and survival of MSCs in patients. In our study, we generated ER stress-induced conditions in MSCs using P-cresol. As P-cresol is a toxic compound accumulated in the body of CKD patients and induces apoptosis and inflammation through reactive oxygen species (ROS), we observed ER stress-induced MSC apoptosis activated by oxidative stress, which in turn resulted from ROS generation...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Pei Wang, Bo-Zong Shao, Zhiqiang Deng, Shi Chen, Zhenyu Yue, Chao-Yu Miao
Autophagy is a self-eating cellular catabolic pathway, through which long-lived proteins, damaged organelles and misfolded proteins are degraded and recycled for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and normal cellular functions. Autophagy plays an important homeostatic role in the regulation of cell survival. Accumulating evidence shows that autophagy is activated in various cell types in the brain such as neurons, glia cells, and brain microvascular cells upon ischemic stroke. However, the exact role and molecular mechanisms of autophagy process that is implicated in ischemic stroke have yet to be elucidated...
January 10, 2018: Progress in Neurobiology
Joan Oliva
The treatment of organ failure on patients requires the transplantation of functional organs, from donors. Over time, the methodology of transplantation was improved by the development of organ preservation solutions. The storage of organs in preservation solutions is followed by the ischemia of the organ, resulting in a shortage of oxygen and nutrients, which damage the tissues. When the organ is ready for the transplantation, the reperfusion of the organ induces an increase of the oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and inflammation which causes tissue damage, resulting in a decrease of the transplantation success...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Vishal Mali, Samuel Haddox, Corey Hornersmith, Khalid Matrougui, Souad Belmadani
We previously reported that EGFR tyrosine kinase (EGFRtk) activity and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are enhanced in type 2 diabetic (T2D) mice and cause vascular dysfunction. In the present study, we determined the in vivo contribution of EGFRtk and ER stress in acute myocardial infarction induced by acute ischemia (40 min)-reperfusion (24 h) (I/R) injury in T2D (db-/db-) mice. We treated db-/db- mice with EGFRtk inhibitor (AG1478, 10 mg/kg/day) for 2 weeks. Mice were then subjected to myocardial I/R injury...
December 29, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Xuanxin Yang, Qi Hui, Bingjie Yu, Zhen Huang, Peipei Zhou, Panfeng Wang, Zhitao Wang, Shucai Pang, Jinghang Li, Hanshi Wang, Li Lin, Xiaokun Li, Xiaojie Wang
This study investigated the effect of the excipients, including glycine, mannitol, arginine, trehalose, sorbitol, and poloxamer188 on the stability of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21) during the process of lyophilization and storage. The glass transition temperature (Tg), protein secondary structure, aggregation ratio and the bioactivity of lyophilized FGF21 were measured. We furthermore investigated the effect of FGF21 against ischemia cerebral injury using the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in rats...
December 26, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Janet M Menzie-Suderam, Payam Mohammad-Gharibani, Jigar Modi, Zea Ma, Rui Tao, Howard Prentice, Jang-Yen Wu
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is an endogenous growth factor that exhibits a diverse range of neuroprotective mechanisms against a variety of neurological disorders including ischemic stroke. We investigated the anti-apoptotic mechanisms of G-CSF against endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced apoptosis. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO) for 90 minutes. Rats were injected with G-CSF (n= 15; 50ug/kg body weight s.c.) for 4 days, starting 24 hours post-MCAO and brains were harvested after 4 days reperfusion (n=16)...
December 22, 2017: Brain Research
Sei-Ichiro Motegi, Akiko Sekiguchi, Akihiko Uchiyama, Akihito Uehara, Chisako Fujiwara, Sahori Yamazaki, Buddhini Perera, Hideharu Nakamura, Sachiko Ogino, Yoko Yokoyama, Ryoko Akai, Takao Iwawaki, Osamu Ishikawa
Cutaneous ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with the early pathogenesis of cutaneous pressure ulcers (PUs). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) injection on the formation of PUs after I/R injury and determine the underlying mechanisms. We found that the subcutaneous injection of MSCs into areas of I/R injured skin significantly suppressed the formation of PUs. I/R-induced vascular damage, hypoxia, oxidative DNA damage, and apoptosis were decreased by MSCs injection...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yeawon Kim, Sun-Ji Park, Scott R Manson, Carlos Af Molina, Kendrah Kidd, Heather Thiessen-Philbrook, Rebecca J Perry, Helen Liapis, Stanislav Kmoch, Chirag R Parikh, Anthony J Bleyer, Ying Maggie Chen
ER stress has emerged as a signaling platform underlying the pathogenesis of various kidney diseases. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop ER stress biomarkers in the incipient stages of ER stress-mediated kidney disease, when a kidney biopsy is not yet clinically indicated, for early therapeutic intervention. Cysteine-rich with EGF-like domains 2 (CRELD2) is a newly identified protein that is induced and secreted under ER stress. For the first time to our knowledge, we demonstrate that CRELD2 can serve as a sensitive urinary biomarker for detecting ER stress in podocytes or renal tubular cells in murine models of podocyte ER stress-induced nephrotic syndrome and tunicamycin- or ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury (AKI), respectively...
December 7, 2017: JCI Insight
Philip A Bidwell, Guan-Sheng Liu, Narayani Nagarajan, Chi Keung Lam, Kobra Haghighi, George Gardner, Wen-Feng Cai, Wen Zhao, Luke Mugge, Elizabeth Vafiadaki, Despina Sanoudou, Jack Rubinstein, Djamel Lebeche, Roger Hajjar, Junichi Sadoshima, Evangelia G Kranias
Ischemia/reperfusion injury is associated with contractile dysfunction and increased cardiomyocyte death. Overexpression of the hematopoietic lineage substrate-1-associated protein X-1 (HAX-1) has been shown to protect from cellular injury but the function of endogenous HAX-1 remains obscure due to early lethality of the knockout mouse. Herein we generated a cardiac-specific and inducible HAX-1 deficient model, which uncovered an unexpected role of HAX-1 in regulation of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase (SERCA2a) in ischemia/reperfusion injury...
January 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"