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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233691/enthesopathy-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritis-an-ultrasound-study
#1
Esther Ebstein, Baptiste Coustet, Vanina Masson-Behar, Marine Forien, Elisabeth Palazzo, Philippe Dieudé, Sébastien Ottaviani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the prevalence of enthesopathy seen on ultrasonography (US) in spondyloarthritis (SpA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and compared it to healthy controls. METHODS: All included patients with RA (2010 ACR/EULAR criteria) and SpA (ASAS criteria) and healthy controls underwent clinical and US evaluation of enthesis at seven sites (quadriceps, proximal and distal patellar, Achilles and triceps tendons, plantar aponeurosis and lateral epicondyle enthesis)...
December 9, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215440/the-aesthetic-analyzing-of-midface-ratio-after-folding-aponeurosis-of-levator-palpebrae-superioris-muscle-in-the-ptosis-correction
#2
Chenyang Ji, Ruiting Li, Wei He, Jinming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Some fordless-eyelid patients with moderate upper lid ptosis characterize in a higher eyebrow position which leads to an increased midfacial ratio. Apart from performing blepharoplasty to create dynamic folds, additional procedures such as folding aponeurosis of levator palpebrae superioris muscle were effective to revise the enlarged ratio of midface through lowering eyebrow, which gains good aesthetic results. However, the specific changes in the proportion of facial aesthetics and the importance of these change were serious lack in the literature as far as the authors know...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213017/topographical-anatomy-of-the-pronator-teres-muscle-and-median-nerve-a-study-using-histological-sections-of-human-fetuses
#3
Shinichi Abe, Naomitsu Tomita, Masahito Yamamoto, Minako Sato, Hiroshi Abe, Gen Murakami, Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez
The median nerve passes through the humeral and ulnar heads of the pronator teres muscle (PT), although variations such as absence of the ulnar head may exist. We observed histological sections of the upper extremity from 24 embryos and fetuses. In the early stage, the PT extended between the radius and the medial epicondyle of the humerus, but no candidate for the ulnar head was found. In mid-term fetuses, the ulnar margin of the PT was attached to the elbow joint capsule. Moreover, in late-stage fetuses, a small deep part of the PT arose from the thick joint capsule of the humero-ulnar joint near the coronoid process of the ulna...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204225/-in-vivo-gastrocnemius-muscle-tendon-ratio-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Muhammad Naghman Choudhry, Haris Naseem, Ihsan Mahmood, Adeel Aqil, Tahir Khan
Background: The position of the gastrocnemius tendon in relation to the leg length may be different in children with cerebral palsy as compared to normal children. The palpation of muscle bellies or previous experience of the operating surgeon is employed to place the surgical incision for lengthening of the gastrocnemius aponeurosis. Inaccurate localisation may cause incorrect incisions and a risk of iatrogenic damage to the vital structures (i.e. sural nerve). Objectives: The aim of our study is to compare gastrocnemius length in-vivo between paretic and unaffected children and create a formula to localise the muscle-tendon junction accurately...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194523/modified-levator-muscle-resection-using-putterman-muller-s-muscle-conjunctival-resection-ptosis-clamp
#5
Ju-Wen Yang
Background: The traditional technique for levator muscle resection includes a time-consuming dissection procedure that causes tissue trauma and swelling. The Putterman ptosis clamp has been popularly used in recent years for conjunctival müllerectomy. In this paper, we describe a modified surgical technique for ptosis treatment using the Putterman ptosis clamp. The modified technique improves the surgical results of levator muscle resection. Objectives: We performed a retrospective case-series study to determine the outcomes and complications associated with the use of the Putterman ptosis clamp in levator muscle resection...
November 28, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177172/outcome-of-long-standing-ulno-humeral-dislocation-managed-by-open-reduction-and-stabilization-with-v-y-plasty-our-experience
#6
Vikram Khanna, Ashish Gupta, Sanjeev Kumar
Objective: To assess the outcome of long standing ulno-humeral dislocation managed by open reduction and stabilization with V-Y plasty. Methods: This cross sectional study included 14 patients with elbow dislocation that was more than 3 months without joint ankylosis, myositis ossificans or nerve injury. The surgical management not only included open reduction of the elbow joint, but also elongation of the triceps aponeurosis, collateral ligament repair along with the stabilization of the elbow joint...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117826/an-anatomic-variant-of-persistent-median-artery-in-association-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Adam M Feintisch, Haripriya S Ayyala, Ramazi Datiashvili
The persistent median artery can be a rare cause of carpal tunnel syndrome. We present an anatomic variant of this artery. A 47-year-old female patient with bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome was found to have bilateral patent, functional persistent median arteries (PMA) upon operative exploration. Unlike previous reports, the PMAs were not located dorsal to the flexor retinaculum (FR). Rather, the PMAs were interposed between the palmar aponeurosis and the FR. Accompanied by two venae comitantes, the aberrant arteries were positioned directly in line with our carpal tunnel incisions on both hands...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099696/treatment-of-duodenal-injuries-and-complications-after-surgery-case-reports
#8
Z Beriashvili, M Gurgenidze
A 28-year-old male patient came to Surgical Department 15.07.2003 after a gunshot wound. An emergency operation was performed. Among the other damages of different part of intestinum damage of the anterior wall of the second anatomical part of the duodenum was diagnosed intraoperatively. The size of the damaged area was 3×1 sm. The doudenal wound was sutured with two layers after updating the edges. On the fifth postoperative day the wound leakage was detected. Later the giant sizes of duodenal fistula was formed...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072181/primary-clear-cell-sarcoma-of-the-dermis-mimicking-malignant-melanoma
#9
Ifeyinwa E Obiorah, Pauline Brenholz, Metin Özdemirli
BACKGROUND: Clear cell sarcoma is a rare malignant soft tissue neoplasm that typically involves tendons and aponeurosis. Clear cell sarcoma occurring in the dermis is an extremely rare occurrence. It is difficult to differentiate between this neoplasm and dermal malignant melanoma because they both have similar morphologic and immunohistochemical features. Although rare, clear cell sarcoma of the skin typically occur in the extremities. To our knowledge, there are no reported cases of primary clear cell sarcoma of the skin occurring in the neck...
October 26, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064541/hypertrophic-reversed-palmaris-longus-muscle-a-cadaveric-finding
#10
Lucas Pires, Jan-Peter Perissé, Gabriel Costa Serrão Araújo, Jorge Manaia, Albino Fonseca Júnior, Marcio Antonio Babinski
Variations of the forearm musculature are vastly described in the literature. The palmaris longus muscle is one of the most variable structures of the human body. It usually rises from the medial epicondyle of the humerus and inserts itself into the palmar aponeurosis. Anatomy textbooks and recent papers state that this muscle may act as a weak wrist flexor. The present work aims to report an anatomical variation where the palmaris longus muscle was abnormally hypertrophied and was completely fleshy throughout the whole forearm...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056131/late-presentation-of-aggressive-fibromatosis-involving-head-neck-and-chest-wall
#11
Waseem M Hajjar, Amjad F AlShehri, Mohammed A Alessa, Sami A Al-Nassar
Fibromatosis is a rare, benign, slow-growing and locally infiltrative tumour, caused by uncontrolled proliferation of fibrous tissue arising from muscles, connective tissue, fasciae and aponeurosis. It is also called desmoid tumour, which is very rare pathology representing only 0.03% of all neoplasms in human and around 3% of all soft tissue tumours. It is locally aggressive and usually invades the surrounding structures and has a high recurrence rate, even after surgical complete resection, which should be the first line of treatment...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054311/transcutaneous-aponeurotic-repair-with-small-detachment-of-the-levator-aponeurosis-for-aponeurotic-blepharoptosis-in-japanese-patients
#12
Hiromichi Matsuda, Takuya Shiba, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
PURPOSE: To examine the surgical outcomes of a modified transcutaneous aponeurotic repair for aponeurotic blepharoptosis in a Japanese population. METHODS: This retrospective study included 75 eyelids of 45 patients with aponeurotic blepharoptosis who had undergone a modified transcutaneous aponeurotic repair. This procedure included a long skin incision for securing a wide surgical field, creation of a double eyelid crease, and a small extent of detachment of the levator aponeurosis from the tarsal surface...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053405/evolution-of-endoscopic-anterior-component-separation-to-a-precostal-access-with-a-new-cylindrical-balloon-trocar
#13
Gernot Köhler, Ines Fischer, Richard Kaltenböck, Michael Lechner, Bernhard Dauser, Lars Nannestad Jorgensen
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic anterior component separation (ECS) techniques facilitate tension-free midline closure of wide ventral hernia defects. We describe a novel approach with a precostal incision and a new cylindrical ballon trocar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center analysis of 19 patients undergoing ECS between January 1, 2014 and August 2, 2017 was performed with regard to improvement of technique. We currently start with a lateral precostal incision. This access in a low-fat and stable area allows for easy identification of the external oblique muscle with the ribs functioning as dorsal abutment for entering the correct plane between external and internal oblique muscles...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038920/stener-like-lesion-of-the-lateral-collateral-ligament-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#14
S Braspenningx, W Rezaie, P Simons
Displaced ulnar collateral ligament injuries of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb, also known as Stener lesions, are a well-recognized clinical entity, requiring surgical intervention because of the trapped location of the torn lateral collateral ligament superficial to the adductor aponeurosis of the thumb. We report a similar lesion located at the first metatarsophalangeal joint, to our knowledge the first ever described in the literature. In our patient, magnetic resonance imaging showed a full-thickness tear of the lateral collateral ligament of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, as well as a full-thickness tear of the extensor hood, with dislocation of the proximal part of the ruptured lateral collateral ligament to a position superficial to the extensor hood...
October 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038526/strain-in-shock-loaded-skeletal-muscle-and-the-time-scale-of-muscular-wobbling-mass-dynamics
#15
Kasper B Christensen, Michael Günther, Syn Schmitt, Tobias Siebert
In terrestrial locomotion, muscles undergo damped oscillations in response to limb impacts with the ground. Muscles are also actuators that generate mechanical power to allow locomotion. The corresponding elementary contractile process is the work stroke of an actin-myosin cross-bridge, which may be forcibly detached by superposed oscillations. By experimentally emulating rat leg impacts, we found that full activity and non-fatigue must meet to possibly prevent forcible cross-bridge detachment. Because submaximal muscle force represents the ordinary locomotor condition, our results show that forcible, eccentric cross-bridge detachment is a common, physiological process even during isometric muscle contractions...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019559/comparison-between-inguinal-herniotomies-with-and-without-incising-external-oblique-aponeurosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Shahnam Askarpour, Mehran Peyvasteh, Shaghayegh Sherafatmand
BACKGROUND: Inguinal herniotomy is the most common surgery performed by pediatric surgeons. AIM: To compare the results and complications between two conventional methods of pediatric inguinal herniotomy with and without incising external oblique aponeurosis in terms of recurrence of hernia and other complications. METHODS: This one blinded clinical trial study was conducted on 800 patients with indirect inguinal hernia. Inclusion criterion was children with inguinal hernia...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019540/comparative-efficacy-of-immunohistochemical-markers-in-surgical-healing
#17
Octávio Antonio Azevedo da Costa, Jurandir Marcondes Ribas, Bruno Luiz Ariede, Tereza Cavalcanti, João Guilherme Seifert Scapini, Camila Vitola Pasetto
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficacy of three immunohistochemical markers involved in the wound healing process. METHODS: experimental study of 40 Wistar rats of the markers metalloproteinases and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), beta transforming growth factor (TGF-β) and myofibroblasts and smooth muscle actin alpha (α-MLA) markers, studied from fragments of surgical scar of abdominal incision involving skin, aponeurosis and peritoneum. The animals were divided into four subgroups of ten according to the day of death, scheduled in three, seven, 14 and 21 days...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988818/assessing-outcome-following-levatorplasty-when-east-meets-west-editorial-on-paper-transcutaneous-aponeurotic-repair-with-small-detachment-of-the-levator-aponeurosis-for-aponeurotic-blepharoptosis-in-japanese-patients
#18
Jan J van Wingerden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985894/in-vivo-fascicle-length-measurements-via-b-mode-ultrasound-imaging-with-single-vs-dual-transducer-arrangements
#19
Scott F Brennan, Andrew G Cresswell, Dominic J Farris, Glen A Lichtwark
Ultrasonography is a useful technique to study muscle contractions in vivo, however larger muscles like vastus lateralis may be difficult to visualise with smaller, commonly used transducers. Fascicle length is often estimated using linear trigonometry to extrapolate fascicle length to regions where the fascicle is not visible. However, this approach has not been compared to measurements made with a larger field of view for dynamic muscle contractions. Here we compared two different single-transducer extrapolation methods to measure VL muscle fascicle length to a direct measurement made using two synchronised, in-series transducers...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951207/cap-n-collar-transcription-factor-regulates-multiple-genes-coding-for-proteins-involved-in-insecticide-detoxification-in-the-red-flour-beetle-tribolium-castaneum
#20
Megha Kalsi, Subba Reddy Palli
In invertebrates, a heterodimer of xenobiotic transcription factors, cap n collar C isoform (CncC) and muscle aponeurosis fibromatosis (Maf) mediate cellular defense. In insects, these proteins regulate expression of genes involved in insecticide detoxification. In the current study, we performed sequencing of cDNA copied from RNA isolated from Tribolium castaneum pyrethroid resistant strain (QTC279) beetles injected with CncC or green fluorescence protein (GFP, control) dsRNA. Differential expression analysis of sequences identified 662 genes that showed a decrease and 91 genes that showed an increase in expression (p value ≤ 0...
November 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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