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Aponeurosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823003/anatomical-study-of-the-palatine-aponeurosis-application-to-posterior-palatal-seal-of-the-complete-maxillary-denture
#1
Joe Iwanaga, Junta Kido, Marcin Lipski, Iwona M Tomaszewska, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Jerzy A Walocha, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
The palatine aponeurosis is a thin, fibrous lamella comprising the extended tendons of the tensor veli palatini muscles, attached to the posterior border and inferior surface of the palatine bone. In dentistry, the relationship between the "vibrating line" and the border of the hard and soft palate has long been discussed. However, to our knowledge, there has been no discussion of the relationship between the palatine aponeurosis and the vibrating line(s). Twenty sides from ten fresh frozen White cadaveric heads (seven males and three females) whose mean age at death was 79 years) were used in this study...
August 19, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803901/the-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-the-intraneural-or-extraneural-ganglion-cysts-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Wen Kai Chang, Yong Ping Li, Deng Feng Zhang, Bing Sheng Liang
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common nerve compression syndrome in peripheral nerve compression disease. Although potential ulnar nerve entrapment can occur at multiple points along its course, such as the arcade of struthers, the medial intermuscular septum, the medial epicondyle, the cubital tunnel, and the deep flexor pronator aponeurosis, the most common site of entrapment is the cubital tunnel. However, cubital tunnel syndrome could also be caused by the occupying masses along the course of ulnar nerve, such as intraneural or extraneural ganglia...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764967/ultrasound-imaging-of-muscle-contraction-of-the-tibialis-anterior-in-patients-with-facioscapulohumeral-dystrophy
#3
Kaj Gijsbertse, Rianne Goselink, Saskia Lassche, Maartje Nillesen, André Sprengers, Nico Verdonschot, Nens van Alfen, Chris de Korte
A need exists for biomarkers to diagnose, quantify and longitudinally follow facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) and many other neuromuscular disorders. Furthermore, the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to muscle weakness in most neuromuscular disorders are not completely understood. Dynamic ultrasound imaging (B-mode image sequences) in combination with speckle tracking is an easy, applicable and patient-friendly imaging tool to visualize and quantify muscle deformation. This dynamic information provides insight in the pathophysiological mechanisms and may help to distinguish the various stages of diseased muscle in FSHD...
July 29, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755303/-degeneration-of-the-posterior-tibial-tendon-established-and-new-concepts
#4
REVIEW
Markus Walther
BACKGROUND: The most common cause of degeneration of the posterior tibial tendon is a congenital valgus deformity of the calcaneus. Other associated pathologies are forefoot supination, forefoot abduction and shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle. DIAGNOSTICS: Loaded x‑rays of the foot in three planes as well as the hindfoot alignment view enable evaluation of the axis of the foot under static loading conditions. The posterior tibial tendon can be imaged with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
July 28, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749849/treatment-of-children-with-congenital-severe-blepharoptosis-by-frontalis-aponeurosis-flap-advancement-under-general-anesthesia-in-a-single-incision
#5
Jun Li, Chenbin Dong, XiangQi Liu, WeiJing He
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of frontalis aponeurosis flap advancement in children with congenital severe blepharoptosis. METHODS: A total of 23 cases (25 eyes) of children who had congenital severe blepharoptosis and poor levator function (≤4 mm) and received frontalis aponeurosis flap advancement treatment in the Plastic Surgery Department of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University from January 1, 2013, to January 1, 2015, were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the postoperative effects...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740417/efficacy-and-safety-of-0-75-ropivacaine-instillation-into-subinguinal-wound-in-patients-after-bilateral-microsurgical-varicocelectomy-a-bi-center-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
Wan Shou Cui, Yu Seob Shin, Jae Hyung You, A Ram Doo, Kiran Kumar Soni, Jong Kwan Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 0.75% ropivacaine instillation into inguinal wound in patients who have undergone bilateral microsurgical varicocelectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five men who were screened for bilateral varicoceles from March 2015 to July 2016 were randomized for the treatment. All patients underwent inguinal varicocelectomy by general anesthesia. After ligation of the internal spermatic veins from the spermatic cord, additional delivery of testis through inguinal incision site was done to ligate external spermatic veins and gubernacular veins...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708441/safe-monsplasty-technique
#7
Audrey Patoué, Antoine De Runz, Raphael Carloni, Sylvie Aillet, Eric Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
INTRODUCTION: To improve their health and quality of life, obese patients undergo consultation after weight loss. In these patients, the sub-umbilical abdominal and pubic regions are often characterized by redundant skin, creating aesthetic and functional discomfort. Monsplasty is an important step in abdominoplasty or bodylift procedures. We report on an original technique used to correct deformity in the pubic region following weight loss. METHODS: All interventions were performed by the same surgeon between April and December 2015...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691676/alla-ricerca-dei-chirurghi-perduti-charles-pierre-denonvilliers-e-la-sua-aponeurosi
#8
G Di Matteo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666051/multimodality-approach-to-a-stener-lesion-radiographic-ultrasound-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-surgical-correlation
#9
Jonathan Tresley, Adam D Singer, Elizabeth A Ouellette, Jason Blaichman, Paul D Clifford
The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint is a static stabilizer that may rupture from a hyperabduction injury. Although some UCL tears may heal with immobilization, outcomes are worse for Stener lesions, in which the proximal ligament stump slips out from beneath the adductor pollicis aponeurosis and is entrapped proximal and superficial to the aponeurosis, preventing primary healing. We report the case of a patient with a Stener lesion with radiographic, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging correlation, subsequently confirmed with intraoperative photographs...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638012/-comparative-analysis-of-laparotomy-closure-techniques
#10
A V Fedoseev, A S Inyutin, A D Zhanygulov, S Yu Muraviev, I I Vinogradov
AIM: To assess experimentally different laparotomy closure techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental research on laboratory animals was performed. Laboratory animals underwent laparotomy followed by aponeurosis suturing by using of interrupted, continuous suture and continuous suture with an arrangement of stitches at different levels. Tensometric and histological examination of tissue specimens together with sutures was made in 7, 14, 60 days after surgery...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638011/-collagen-types-ratio-in-prediction-of-postoperative-ventral-hernias
#11
V A Lazarenko, S V Ivanov, I S Ivanov, E P Rosberg, A V Tsukanov, L P Popova, D V Tarabrin, E G Obyedkov
AIM: To analyze collagen types ratio in skin and aponeurosis in order to predict postoperative ventral hernias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trial included 141 patients for the period 2012-2015. Group I (n=65) of patients without ventral hernias was divided into subgroup AI (primary operation, n=41) and BI (re-operation, n=24). Group II consisted of 76 patients with ventral hernias. We performed histological examination of skin and aponeurosis to define the collagen structure of connective tissue...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632147/crossover-iliofemoral-bypass-graft-through-tension-free-abdominal-wall-repair-mesh
#12
Mircea Muresan, Ovidiu Jimborean, Gabriela Jimborean, Radu Neagoe, Serban Bancu, Muresan Simona, Cristian Borz
INTRODUCTION: In vascular surgery the crossover iliofemoral bypass grafting is a well-known surgical technique. In general surgery the repair of an abdominal defect using a Polypropylene mesh is also a standard procedure. A particular technique is defined by the performance of these 2 separate procedures inside a single operation in which the crossover arterial graft is directed from the retroperitoneal space toward the contra-lateral femoral bifurcation through a Polypropylene mesh which closes the musculoaponeurotic layers of the abdominal wall...
June 8, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628683/understanding-the-shape-of-forehead-lines
#13
Milad Moqadam, Konstantin Frank, Christina Handayan, Mustafa Hakami, Fahd Benslimane, Robert H Gotkin, Neil S Sadick, Sebastian Cotofana
<p>Background: Individualized neuromodulator injections of the forehead are increasingly important to maximize patient safety and satisfaction and to yield the best aesthetic outcome. To assess the location of maximal muscle contraction, it would beneficial to relate the shape and location of the forehead lines to the morphology of the underlying frontalis muscle.</p> <p>Materials and Methods: We investigated the shape of forehead lines and their relationship to the morphology of the underlying frontalis muscle using anatomic dissection in a sample of 31 human body donors, with a mean age at death of 77...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625531/the-extended-bundle-of-the-tensor-veli-palatini-anatomic-consideration-of-the-dilating-mechanism-of-the-eustachian-tube
#14
Ryuhei Okada, Satoru Muro, Kohtaro Eguchi, Kohei Yagi, Hisayo Nasu, Kumiko Yamaguchi, Koh Miwa, Keiichi Akita
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the topographical structures of the muscles surrounding the Eustachian tube. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted macroscopic and histological studies of 24 halves of 12 heads from Japanese cadavers. RESULTS: The main findings were as follows: 1) the infero-lateral muscle bundles of the tensor veli palatini didn't turn medially at the pterygoid hamulus but were distributed laterally and continuous with the buccinator; 2) the tensor veli palatini attached laterally to the membranous part of the Eustachian tube; 3) the superior pharyngeal constrictor was not only adjacent to the buccinator at the pterygomandibular raphe but also had muscular continuation with it laterally and 4) some bundles of the superior pharyngeal constrictor adhered with the palatine aponeurosis...
June 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624006/multi-parametric-mp-mri-for-the-diagnosis-of-abdominal-wall-desmoid-tumors
#15
Maneesh Khanna, Subramaniyan Ramanathan, Aalaa Salaheldin Kambal, Mohammed Al-Berawi, Santosh Yadav, Devendra Kumar, Nicola Schieda
INTRODUCTION: Desmoid tumors are benign myofibroblastic neoplasms, originating from the muscle aponeurosis and classified as deep fibromatoses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of multi-parametric (mp)-MRI for the diagnosis of abdominal wall desmoid tumor (awdt). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This Institutional review board approved retrospective study compared 10 patients (mean age±SD; 38.2±13years; 9 females and 1 male) with awdt to 14 subjects (mean age±SD; 45...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618344/developmental-mechanism-of-muscle-tendon-bone-complex-in-the-fetal-soft-palate
#16
Michiyuki Nara, Kei Kitamura, Masahito Yamamoto, Ryotaro Nagakura, Keisuke Mitomo, Satoru Matsunaga, Shinichi Abe
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate how the palatine aponeurosis, medial pterygoid process (MPP) of the sphenoid bone, and tensor veli palatini (TVP) muscle form the pulley: muscle-tendon-bone complex. DESIGN: Mice at embryonic day (ED) 14-17 were used as sample in this study. Azan staining was performed to observe the morphology, and immunohistochemical staining of desmin was performed to closely observe the development of the myotendinous junction...
June 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597034/ultrasound-visualization-of-an-underestimated-structure-the-bicipital-aponeurosis
#17
M Konschake, H Stofferin, B Moriggl
PURPOSE: We established a detailed sonographic approach to the bicipital aponeurosis (BA), because different pathologies of this, sometimes underestimated, structure are associated with vascular, neural and muscular lesions; emphasizing its further implementation in routine clinical examinations. METHODS: The BA of 100 volunteers, in sitting position with the elbow lying on a suitable table, was investigated. Patients were aged between 18 and 28 with no history of distal biceps injury...
June 8, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579035/measuring-satisfaction-with-appearance-validation-of-the-face-q-scales-for-double-eyelid-blepharoplasty-with-minor-incision-in-young-asians-retrospective-study-of-200-cases
#18
Baoguo Chen, Huifeng Song
BACKGROUND: Double eye-lid surgery is one of the most popular performed aesthetic procedures in young Asians. Reliable measurement of patient reported outcomes is crucial for facial aesthetics. The FACE-Q is a new patient-reported outcome tool (PRO) composed of numerous independently functioning scales and checklists designed to measure outcomes. Here we described FACE-Q scales for double eye-lid surgery with minor incision in young Asians. METHODS: 200 patients (400 eyes) aged from 21 to 30 years-old were recruited from 2012 to 2014...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577041/determining-skeletal-muscle-architecture-with-laplacian-simulations-a-comparison-with-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#19
Geoffrey G Handsfield, Bart Bolsterlee, Joshua M Inouye, Robert D Herbert, Thor F Besier, Justin W Fernandez
Determination of skeletal muscle architecture is important for accurately modeling muscle behavior. Current methods for 3D muscle architecture determination can be costly and time-consuming, making them prohibitive for clinical or modeling applications. Computational approaches such as Laplacian flow simulations can estimate muscle fascicle orientation based on muscle shape and aponeurosis location. The accuracy of this approach is unknown, however, since it has not been validated against other standards for muscle architecture determination...
June 2, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530766/right-ring-finger-volar-mass-in-a-14-year-old-boy
#20
Mary P Fox, Jack E McKay, Randall D Craver, Nicholas D Pappas
A trigger digit is relatively uncommon in adolescents and often has a different etiology in that age group vs adults. In the pediatric population, trigger digits frequently arise from a variety of underlying anatomic situations, including thickening of the flexor digitorum superficialis or flexor digitorum profundus tendons, an abnormal relationship between the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus tendons, a proximal flexor digitorum superficialis decussation, or constriction of the pulleys...
May 20, 2017: Orthopedics
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