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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668020/adolescent-sexual-health-and-education-where-does-the-pediatrician-s-responsibility-fall
#1
Rachel S Dawson
Adolescence is a stressful time with a considerable amount of change, not only physically, with all the changes expected throughout puberty, but also emotionally, spiritually, and psychosocially. Teens are learning how to build and sustain relationships, learning boundaries in all areas of their lives, experimenting, as well as setting values that will sustain them throughout their lives. Home, school, various social settings, and places of worship all contribute to where adolescents learn what their values are, what they want their values to be, and how they start to make choices about their personal beliefs, which may not always align with their family values...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660961/an-international-perspective-on-educators-perceptions-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Laurie Gutmann Kahn, Mark A Linden, Audrey McKinlay, Doug Gomez, Ann Glang
BACKGROUND: Educators lack understanding of traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to a lack of appropriate assessment and intervention methods for these students. OBJECTIVE(S): This qualitative study explored what experienced teachers perceive, believe, and know about pediatric TBI. METHODS: Following development of a standardized interview protocol, 46 teachers from Australia, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, and the United States took part in semi-structured interviews...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660839/highlights-from-the-2017-north-american-cystic-fibrosis-conference
#3
REVIEW
Stacey L Martiniano, Demet Toprak, Thida Ong, Edith T Zemanick, Cori L Daines, Marianne S Muhlebach, Charles R Esther, Elisabeth P Dellon
The 31st annual North American Cystic Fibrosis Conference (NACFC) was held in Indianapolis, IN on November 2-4, 2017. Abstracts of presentations from the conference were published in a supplement to Pediatric Pulmonology [2017; Pediatr Pulmonol Suppl. 52: S1-S776]. The current review summarizes several major topic areas addressed at the conference: the pathophysiology and basic science of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease, clinical trials, clinical management issues, and quality improvement (QI). In this review, we describe emerging concepts in several areas of CF research and care...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655399/system-outcomes-associated-with-a-pediatric-emergency-department-clinical-decision-unit
#4
Derin Karacabeyli, Garth D Meckler, David K Park, Quynh Doan
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Clinical decision units (CDUs) may reduce short-stay hospitalizations (<48 hours), which are associated with longer lengths of stay, increased staffing needs and higher costs. What did this study ask? What are the disposition outcomes and emergency department (ED) return rates following CDU care? Has CDU implementation changed short-stay hospitalization rates? What did this study find? Most CDU patients were discharged, and short-stay hospitalization rate significantly decreased by 0...
April 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655395/firearm-related-injuries-among-canadian-children-and-youth-from-2006-to-2013-a-chirpp-study
#5
Catherine M J Cox, Samuel A Stewart, Katrina F Hurley
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Injuries from non-powder firearms are common and potentially life-altering. The Canadian Pediatric Society urges stricter controls on non-powder guns. What did this study ask? What are the Canadian contextual trends in paediatric firearm injuries? What did this study find? In this study, the rate of paediatric firearm injuries was stable from 2006 to 2013. Eye injuries inflicted by non-powder firearms were most common. Most firearm injuries occurred through recreation and sport...
April 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651949/nerve-growth-factor-early-studies-and-recent-clinical-trials
#6
Maria Luisa Rocco, Marzia Soligo, Luigi Manni, Luigi Aloe
Since its discovery, nerve growth factor (NGF) has long occupied a critical role in developmental and adult neurobiology for its many important regulatory functions on the survival, growth and differentiation of nerve cells in the peripheral and central nervous system. NGF is the first discovered member of a family of neurotrophic factors, collectively indicated as neurotrophins, (which include brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 and neurotrophin 4/5). NGF was discovered for its action on the survival and differentiation of selected populations of peripheral neurons...
April 11, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645321/maternal-perceptions-of-brca-genetic-counseling-communication-processes-about-disclosing-cancer-risk-information-to-children-and-adult-relatives
#7
Jada G Hamilton, Beth N Peshkin, Darren Mays, Tiffani A DeMarco, Andrea Farkas Patenaude, Kenneth P Tercyak
OBJECTIVES: Using a novel measure, examine maternal perceptions of the process by which issues pertaining to family communication of BRCA test results are addressed during cancer genetic counseling. METHODS: After receiving BRCA results, mothers (N=211) of minor-age children reported on their counseling experiences with providers using a communication process measure as well as other psychosocial variables. RESULTS: The novel Genetic Counseling Communication Process measure demonstrated good internal consistency of its two factors: patient-led communication (Cronbach's α=0...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613981/phacomorphic-angle-closure-following-silicone-oil-tamponade-in-a-pediatric-patient
#8
Victoria C Leung, Simon Fung, Rajeev Muni, Asim Ali
PURPOSE: To report a case of phacomorphic glaucoma following retinal detachment repair with silicone oil in a pediatric patient. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A chart review was conducted at St. Michael's Hospital and The Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Canada), where the patient received ophthalmic care from July 28, 2015 onwards. RESULTS: A 14 year-old boy with a history of traumatic retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy in the left eye, requiring two pars plana vitrectomies, membrane peel, and silicone oil tamponade, presented with one-day history of decreased vision in the left eye, severe headache, nausea, and vomiting...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611777/generating-expectations-what-pediatric-rehabilitation-can-learn-from-mental-health-literature
#9
Eric Smart, Emily Nalder, Patty Rigby, Gillian King
Family-Centered Care (FCC) represents the ideal service delivery approach in pediatric rehabilitation. Nonetheless, implementing FCC as intended in clinical settings continues to be hindered by knowledge gaps. One overlooked gap is our understanding of clients' therapy expectations. This perspective article synthesizes knowledge from the mental health services literature on strategies recommended to service providers for generating transparent and congruent therapy expectations with clients, and applies this knowledge to the pediatric rehabilitation literature, where this topic has been researched significantly less, for the purpose of improving FCC implementation...
April 3, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610174/recalcitrant-atopic-keratoconjunctivitis-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Jing Li, Xiaohui Luo, Hongmin Ke, Lingyi Liang
Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is the most severe type of allergic conjunctivitis and may eventually lead to blindness. Although AKC is reported to be more prevalent in adults, we report a child with AKC whose clinical characteristics were not inconsistent with those typically seen in adult patients with AKC, and who was refractory to traditional topical anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant therapies. An 11-year-old boy presented with a 3-month history of ocular redness and itching and decreased vision for a week in both eyes...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608989/advances-challenges-and-promises-in-pediatric-neuroimaging-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Haley M Bednarz, Rajesh K Kana
Recent years have witnessed the proliferation of neuroimaging studies of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), particularly of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Tourette's syndrome (TS). Neuroimaging offers immense potential in understanding the biology of these disorders, and how it relates to clinical symptoms. Neuroimaging techniques, in the long run, may help identify neurobiological markers to assist clinical diagnosis and treatment. However, methodological challenges have affected the progress of clinical neuroimaging...
March 31, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607375/new-trends-and-recent-care-approaches-in-pediatric-oncology-nursing
#12
REVIEW
Ebru Kilicarslan Toruner, Naime Altay
Increased incidence of children diagnosed with cancer and survivors was an impact on changes in pediatric hemato-oncology nursing care. In this review article, it is aimed to investigate the new trends and recent care approaches in pediatric oncology nursing. The recent care topics were common in the literature as family-centered care, technology-based care, program development, primary care of child, health-care provider, survivors and home care, and nonpharmacological care. All of the topics contribute to perform evidence-based care for health promotion and well-being in pediatric hemato-oncology nursing...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606654/self-directed-digital-learning-when-do-dental-students-study
#13
Tate H Jackson, James Zhong, Ceib Phillips, Lorne D Koroluk
The Growth and Development (G&D) curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Dentistry uses self-directed web-based learning modules in the place of lectures and includes scheduled self-study times during the 8 am-5 pm school hours. The aim of this study was to use direct observation to evaluate dental students' access patterns with the self-directed, web-based learning modules in relation to planned self-study time allocated across the curriculum, proximity to course examinations, and course performance...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605138/equipment-free-nucleic-acid-extraction-and-amplification-on-a-simple-paper-disc-for-point-of-care-diagnosis-of-rotavirus-a
#14
Xin Ye, Jin Xu, Lijuan Lu, Xinxin Li, Xueen Fang, Jilie Kong
The use of paper-based methods for clinical diagnostics is a rapidly expanding research topic attracting a great deal of interest. Some groups have attempted to realize an integrated nucleic acid test on a single microfluidic paper chip, including extraction, amplification, and readout functions. However, these studies were not able to overcome complex modification and fabrication requirements, long turn-around times, or the need for sophisticated equipment like pumps, thermal cyclers, or centrifuges. Here, we report an extremely simple paper-based test for the point-of-care diagnosis of rotavirus A, one of the most common pathogens that causes pediatric gastroenteritis...
August 14, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603252/integrative-and-collaborative-care-models-between-pediatric-oral-health-and-primary-care-providers-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#15
Tylor L Gauger, Lisa A Prosser, Margherita Fontana, Peter J Polverini
OBJECTIVES: Collaborative and/or integrative care between oral health and primary care providers can increase access to care to a more expansive population, helping to mitigate oral health related disease. The objective of this review was to present and evaluate different types of care models that exist between oral health and primary care providers in pediatric settings. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using five databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source, Cochrane Database, and EMBASE, to identify literature from January 1990 to January 2016...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600241/a-standardized-needs-assessment-tool-to-inform-the-curriculum-development-process-for-pediatric-resuscitation-simulation-based-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#16
Nicole Shilkofski, Amanda Crichlow, Julie Rice, Leslie Cope, Ye Myint Kyaw, Thazin Mon, Sarah Kiguli, Julianna Jung
Introduction: Under five mortality rates (UFMR) remain high for children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the developing world. Education for practitioners in these environments is a key factor to improve outcomes that will address United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 3 and 10 (good health and well being and reduced inequalities). In order to appropriately contextualize a curriculum using simulation, it is necessary to first conduct a needs assessment of the target learner population...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596732/introduction-hot-topics-in-neonatal-skin-care-from-the-13th-world-congress-of-pediatric-dermatology-chicago-il-july-6-9-2017
#17
Andrea L Zaenglein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593534/east-indian-sandalwood-oil-is-a-phosphodiesterase-inhibitor-a-new-therapeutic-option-in-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-skin-disease
#18
Manju Sharma, Corey Levenson, John C Browning, Emily M Becker, Ian Clements, Paul Castella, Michael E Cox
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate pro-inflammatory cytokine production. One isoform, PDE4, is overactive in chronic relapsing inflammatory skin diseases: psoriasis and eczema/atopic dermatitis, and in several cancers. East Indian sandalwood oil (EISO) has significant anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we report that 75% of pediatric eczema/atopic dermatitis patients treated with topical EISO formulations achieved a >50% reduction in their Eczema Area and Severity Index score...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587889/a-psychosocial-assessment-and-management-tool-for-children-and-youth-in-crisis
#19
Alison Lee, Mariana Deevska, Karly Stillwell, Tyler Black, Garth Meckler, David Park, Ali Eslami, Quynh Doan
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Emergency clinicians are not specifically trained to assess and manage mental health emergencies; thus, they have wide practice variation while determining disposition for children with mental health crises.What did this study ask?What is the inter-user reliability of a new emergency psychosocial assessment and management guiding tool, HEARTSMAP, and the impact of implementing it in a pediatric emergency department?What did this study find?The tool demonstrated strong inter-rater reliability between PED clinicians and was associated with high rates of outpatient resource connectivity...
March 28, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582979/contemporary-endovascular-techniques-for-the-curative-treatment-of-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformations-and-review-of-neurointerventional-outcomes
#20
Pascal J Mosimann, René Chapot
INTRODUCTION: Since the first landmark randomized trials on unruptured bAVMs were published, there has been emerging concerns about the role of endovascular therapy. For bAVMs considered inoperable, embolization remains an option worth considering, especially in young patients presenting with a rupture. We aimed to review the curative potential of contemporary stand-alone embolization techniques enabling high occlusion rates and their respective short and long term safety profile. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a PubMed search with the terms "curative embolization of brain arteriovenous malformations" and "endovascular cure of brain arteriovenous malformations" focusing on the last ten years (2008-2018) and compliant to the PRISMA reporting guidelines...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
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