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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233310/incorporating-age-related-special-populations-into-a-pharmacy-skills-laboratory-course-sequence
#1
Amber M Hutchison, Lea S Eiland
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose was this study was to evaluate the incorporation of geriatric and pediatric therapeutic concepts into a pharmacy skills laboratory (PSL) course sequence. Secondary outcomes were to describe the incorporation and evaluate the assessment effectiveness of these topics. Educational activity and setting Teaching materials and assessment data from the PSL course were evaluated for inclusion of content regarding age-related special populations. FINDINGS: Materials reviewed from 205 PSL sessions held over four years demonstrated 89 (41...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232530/pediatric-endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-a-revolutionary-technique-to-adopt-in-children-with-pilonidal-sinus-fistulas-our-preliminary-experience
#2
Ciro Esposito, Serena Izzo, Francesco Turrà, Mariapina Cerulo, Giovanni Severino, Alessandro Settimi, Marta Iannazzone, Lorenzo Masieri, Giuseppe Cortese, Maria Escolino
AIM: This study aimed to report our preliminary experience with pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the reports of 15 patients, 6 girls and 9 boys, with an average age of 16 years (range 13-18) with noninfected pilonidal sinus disease who underwent PEPSiT in our institution over an 18-month period. Four cases were redo-procedures, for recurrence of disease after open excision repair. Surgical outcomes of sinus healing, recurrence of disease, postoperative pain, hospital stay, analgesic requirements, and patient satisfaction levels were evaluated and a comparison analysis with classic open repair was performed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229501/proceedings-of-the-2017-santa-fe-bone-symposium-insights-and-emerging-concepts-in-the-management-of-osteoporosis
#3
REVIEW
E Michael Lewiecki, John P Bilezikian, John J Carey, Richard M Dell, Catherine M Gordon, Steven T Harris, Michael R McClung, Paul D Miller, Michael Rosenblatt
The 18th Annual Santa Fe Bone Symposium was held on August 4-5, 2017, in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. The symposium convenes health-care providers and clinical researchers to present and discuss clinical applications of recent advances in research of skeletal diseases. The program includes lectures, oral presentations by endocrinology fellows, case-based panel discussions, and breakout sessions on topics of interest, with emphasis on participation and interaction of all participants. Topics included the evaluation and treatment of adult survivors with pediatric bone diseases, risk assessment and management of atypical femur fractures, nonpharmacologic strategies in the care of osteoporosis, and skeletal effects of parathyroid hormone with opportunities for therapeutic intervention...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228891/adherence-to-asthma-treatment-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-narrative-literature-review
#4
Kristine Desager, Françoise Vermeulen, Eddy Bodart
OBJECTIVES: We provide a narrative literature review on surveys used to assess the level of medication adherence in children and adolescents with asthma, the attitudes of these patients and their parents toward asthma therapy, and their expectations concerning asthma and available treatment. METHODS: A PubMed search and manual selection of the retrieved papers was conducted to identify studies using surveys or interviews that addressed one of the three topics of interest...
December 11, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227523/childhood-ingestions-of-environmental-toxins-what-are-the-risks
#5
Marissa Hauptman, Alan D Woolf
Infants and children are at higher risk than adolescents and adults for exposure to environmental toxins via ingestion for a number of reasons: their smaller size (and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins), their closer proximity to the ground, dirt, and indoor dust, their boundless curiosity and oral exploratory behaviors, pica habits that may persist into school-age for children with autism or other developmental delays, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and food preferences that differ markedly from adolescents and adults...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227522/pediatric-pharmaceutical-ingestions
#6
Jennifer A Lowry, Michele Burns, Diane P Calello
Pharmaceutical ingestions comprise an important part of pediatric toxicology. Based on the 2015 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System, coupled with recent epidemiology articles on the topic of pediatric toxicology, it is apparent that poison prevention education has not been completely successful in decreasing exposures to toxic drugs. From the unintentional ingestion in a toddler due to unsafe storage to the intentional adolescent ingestion for misuse and abuse, pharmaceutical medications continue to cause harm...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226228/seminar-program-for-postgraduate-specialty-training-in-general-practice-proposal-for-a-5-year-thematic-catalogue
#7
Susanne Sommer, Erika Baum, Julia Magez, Jean-Francois Chenot, Gesine Weckmann, Jost Steinhäuser, Susanne Heim, Dagmar Schneider, Stephan Fuchs
Introduction: In different German regions, seminar programs have been conducted for General practice residents. In each region, selection and teaching of learning content is conducted in a different manner. So far, no structured, standardized curriculum has been implemented nationwide. We have investigated, if the development of a common 5-year program of learning topics is conceivable between the different university departments of General practice in Germany. Method: The seminar program working group of the DEGAM (German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians) has conducted an online survey based on information gathered via preliminary telephone conference (n=7; physicians with postgraduate teaching experience) among all German university departments of General Practice and two non-university teaching institutions, identified via the internet...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223672/education-and-the-pediatric-surgeon
#8
REVIEW
Joe I Curry, Celeste Hollands
There have been many changes in the domain of clinical surgery over the last 2 decades, but probably none more so than in education. The British Association of Pediatric Surgeons recognizes the importance of this topic and has commissioned a special session on this subject jointly with the International Pediatric Endosurgery Group. Free papers presented on a number of educational subjects and specific topics of recruitment and simulation were covered in invited lectures. The session was completed with a keynote lecture from the renowned educationalist Professor Roger Kneebone...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222945/children-with-atopic-dermatitis-may-have-unacknowledged-contact-allergies-contributing-to-their-skin-symptoms
#9
Anne Birgitte Simonsen, Jeanne Duus Johansen, Mette Deleuran, Charlotte Gotthard Mortz, Lone Skov, Mette Sommerlund
BACKGROUND: Whether children with atopic dermatitis have an altered risk of contact allergy than children without atopic dermatitis is frequently debated and studies have been conflicting. Theoretically, the impaired skin barrier in AD facilitates the penetration of potential allergens and several authors have highlighted the risk of underestimating and overlooking contact allergy in children with atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of contact allergy in Danish children with atopic dermatitis and explore the problem of unacknowledged allergies maintaining or aggravating the skin symptoms...
December 9, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203603/silver-diamine-fluoride-changing-the-caries-management-paradigm-and-potential-societal-impact
#10
John Timothy Wright, Alex White
Silver diamine fluoride is a topically-applied agent for managing dental caries. It stops caries lesion progression, turning them black and hard in a high percentage of cases. Populations including pediatric, geriatric, special health care needs, and those with limited access to oral health care can all benefit from silver diamine fluoride. This commentary addresses some of the many questions that have arisen with the availability of SDF and marked gaps in our knowledge.
November 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192323/significant-inhibition-of-infantile-hemangioma-growth-by-sustained-delivery-of-urea-from-liposomes-in-microspheres
#11
Xiaoshuang Zhu, Xiaonan Guo, Dakan Liu, Yubin Gong, Jin Sun, Changxian Dong
Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a benign pediatric tumor, and rapid growth of IH can result in serious morbidity and even mortality. Only one drug Hemangeol™ (propranolol hydrochloride oral solution) has been approved for the treatment of IH, whereas patients suffer from its adverse effects and high frequency of administration. We have used urea, an organic compound and a normal body metabolite, in the treatment of IH for 20 years, and demonstrated that urea is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for IH...
January 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189538/what-s-new-in-pediatric-sports-conditions-of-the-knee
#12
Aristides I Cruz, Connor G Richmond, Marc A Tompkins, Ann Heyer, Kevin G Shea, Jennifer J Beck
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are common in pediatric and adolescent patients and the evaluation and treatment of these injuries continues to evolve. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive appraisal of the literature, highlighting recent updates on sports-related knee injuries in the pediatric athlete. We specifically examined literature on tibial spine fractures, osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the knee, and patellar instability. Because of the volume of literature on the subject, pediatric, and adolescent anterior cruciate ligament injuries were not included in this review...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185163/cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#13
Yasutaka Hirata
The management of cardiopulmonary bypass for pediatric cardiac surgery is more challenging than that in adults due to the smaller size, immaturity, and complexity of the anatomy in children. Despite major improvements in cardiopulmonary bypass, there remain many subjects of debate. This review article discusses the physiology of cardiopulmonary bypass for pediatric and congenital heart surgery, including topics related to hemodilution, hypothermia, acid-base strategies, inflammatory response, and myocardial protection...
November 28, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183636/clinical-guidance-to-tattooing-and-piercing-among-youth
#14
REVIEW
Deborah L McBride
Tattoos, piercing, and scarification are increasingly common among young people. This paper reviews the first clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics which provides information for clinicians about these types of body modifications. The new report notes that complications are not common and that body modifications differ from non-suicidal self-injury. Additional references and information are provided to help clinicians can talk about these topics with patients and their families.
November 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181580/ionizing-radiation-from-computed-tomography-versus-anesthesia-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-infants-and-children-patient-safety-considerations
#15
REVIEW
Michael J Callahan, Robert D MacDougall, Sarah D Bixby, Stephan D Voss, Richard L Robertson, Joseph P Cravero
In the context of health care, risk assessment is the identification, evaluation and estimation of risk related to a particular clinical situation or intervention compared to accepted medical practice standards. The goal of risk assessment is to determine an acceptable level of risk for a given clinical treatment or intervention in association with the provided clinical circumstances for a patient or group of patients. In spite of the inherent challenges related to risk assessment in pediatric cross-sectional imaging, the potential risks of ionizing radiation and sedation/anesthesia in the pediatric population are thought to be quite small...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179572/when-and-why-do-neonatal-and-pediatric-critical-care-physicians-consult-palliative-care
#16
Claire A Richards, Helene Starks, M Rebecca O'Connor, Erica Bourget, Taryn Lindhorst, Ross Hays, Ardith Z Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: Parents of children admitted to neonatal and pediatric intensive care units (ICUs) are at increased risk of experiencing acute and post-traumatic stress disorder. The integration of palliative care may improve child and family outcomes, yet there remains a lack of information about indicators for specialty-level palliative care involvement in this setting. OBJECTIVE: To describe neonatal and pediatric critical care physician perspectives on indicators for when and why to involve palliative care consultants...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176013/transfusion-associated-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-observational-data
#17
Parvesh Garg, Rachel Pinotti, C Vivek Lal, Ariel A Salas
BACKGROUND: The number of observational studies that report an association between packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has increased. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the association between PRBC transfusions and NEC in observational studies. METHODS: Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library databases as well as the Pediatrics Academic Societies abstract archives were systematically searched to identify observational studies that investigated the association between PRBC transfusions and NEC...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175430/medical-students-acquisition-of-adolescent-interview-skills-after-coached-role-play
#18
Paritosh Kaul, Jennifer Fisher, Janice L Hanson
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an educational activity designed to teach the adolescent HEADS examination METHODS: Participants were third-year medical students in their pediatric clerkships. Students received an article on the HEADS interview and attended an adolescent medicine educational session. The session included individualized goal setting and coached role play. Students' skills in doing a HEADS interview were evaluated through a standardized patient encounter (SPE) with a checklist and a retrospective pre- and post-test survey...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168213/economic-assessment-of-actual-prescription-of-drugs-for-treatment-of-atopic-dermatitis-differences-between-dermatology-and-pediatrics-in-large-scale-receipt-data
#19
Yoko Komura, Takamichi Kogure, Kazuo Kawahara, Hiroo Yokozeki
Using large-scale receipt data, we analyzed the differences in the prescription of drugs and their costs between dermatology and pediatrics in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children. Between August 2010 and July 2011, 50 706 patients were diagnosed as having AD, and the data of 21 075 (15 257 dermatology, 5818 pediatric) patients aged 0-14 years were included in this study. The use of classes I (strongest), II (very strong), and III (strong) topical corticosteroids and tacrolimus was significantly higher in dermatology than in pediatrics (class I, 2...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165838/discordance-of-pediatric-morphea-treatment-by-pediatric-dermatologists
#20
Megha M Tollefson, Yvonne E Chiu, Heather A Brandling-Bennett, Elena Pope
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Studies describing treatment efficacy in pediatric morphea are lacking. Subspecialists have reached no consensus on how to optimally treat pediatric morphea. The objective of the current study was to describe the most common treatment practices of pediatric dermatologists worldwide who care for children with morphea. METHODS: A survey regarding topical treatment practices of pediatric morphea, with representative case-based scenarios, was distributed to pediatric dermatologists and results were tallied...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
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