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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324755/sedentary-behavior-different-types-of-operationalization-influence-outcome-measures
#1
Malou H J Fanchamps, Hendrika J G van den Berg-Emons, Henk J Stam, Johannes B J Bussmann
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behavior (SB) influences health status independently of physical activity. The formal definition of SB is: "any waking behavior characterized by an energy expenditure ≤1.5 METs while in a sitting or reclining posture". However, measuring SB mostly does not include both the intensity and postural component. The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of type of operationalization of SB on total sedentary time and the pattern of SB. METHODS: 53 healthy subjects were measured 24h with a multi-sensor activity monitor that provides a valid one-second detection of body postures and movements and a calculated intensity measure...
March 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323727/experience-with-the-use-of-single-use-disposable-bronchoscope-in-the-icu-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-of-singapore
#2
Dominic C Marshall, Rucha S Dagaonkar, Chan Yeow, Anura T Peters, Siew Kin Tan, Dessmon Y H Tai, Soon Keng Gohs, Albert Y H Lim, Benjamin Ho, Sennen J W Lew, John Abisheganaden, Akash Verma
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy is performed frequently in intensive care units (ICUs) for various indications using the reusable conventional bronchoscope (CB). Recently, "single-use disposable bronchoscope" (SB) was introduced into the health care industry. The purpose of this study was to compare the utility of SB with CB in ICU. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of patients undergoing flexible bronchoscopy in the ICUs in the year 2015. RESULTS: Ninety-three patients undergoing flexible bronchoscopy in the ICU were studied...
April 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319776/removal-of-antimony-iii-and-cadmium-ii-from-aqueous-solution-using-animal-manure-derived-hydrochars-and-pyrochars
#3
Lanfang Han, Haoran Sun, Kyoung S Ro, Ke Sun, Judy A Libra, Baoshan Xing
In this study, hydrochars and pyrochars prepared from animal manures were characterized and were used to remove Sb (III) and Cd (II) from aqueous solution. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis revealed the interaction between Cd (II) and CO and CO groups within biochars and between Sb (III) and CO, CO and OH groups, respectively. Additionally, the lower absolute value of zeta potential of biochar after loading Sb (III) and Cd (II) suggested the occurrence of surface complexation. Existing primarily in the form of Sb (OH)3, the maximum adsorption capacities (Qmax) for Sb (III) were lower than those for Cd (II)...
March 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319601/effectiveness-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy-facilitated-polypectomy-in-paediatric-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#4
Dalia Belsha, Arun Urs, Thomas Attard, Mike Thomson
BACKGROUND: Sizable small-bowel (SB) polyps in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) pose a high risk for intussusception, often necessitating laparotomy and intraoperative-enteroscopy (IOE). This series examines the effectiveness of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) facilitated polypectomy for pediatric patients with PJS. METHODS: Prospective analysis of collected data (6 years) on all patients with PJS referred for DBE-facilitated SB polypectomy at a pediatric tertiary-referral center...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319123/saccharomyces-boulardii-and-bacillus-subtilis-b10-modulate-tlrs-and-cytokines-expression-patterns-in-jejunum-and-ileum-of-broilers
#5
Imran Rashid Rajput, Huang Ying, Sun Yajing, Muhammad Asif Arain, Li Weifen, Li Ping, Dost Muhammad Bloch, Liu Wenhua
The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb) and Bacillus subtilis B10 (Bs) on intestinal epithelial Toll like receptors (TLR), and Cytokine expression response to understand the intestinal epithelial innate immune mechanism in broilers. A total of 300 birds (Sanhuang broilers) were allotted into three groups (n = 100) and each divided into five replications (n = 20). Control group (Ctr) birds were fed basal diet, broilers in experimental groups received (1×108cfu/kg feed) Sb and Bs respectively in addition to basal diet for 72 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318602/metals-hormones-and-sexual-maturation-in-flemish-adolescents-in-three-cross-sectional-studies-2002-2015
#6
Sam De Craemer, Kim Croes, Nicolas van Larebeke, Stefaan De Henauw, Greet Schoeters, Eva Govarts, Ilse Loots, Tim Nawrot, Vera Nelen, Elly Den Hond, Liesbeth Bruckers, Yue Gao, Willy Baeyens
Sex hormone levels and timing of sexual maturation are considered important markers for health status of adolescents in puberty, and previous research suggests they might be influenced by metal exposure. In three campaigns of the Flemish Environment and Health Study (FLEHS I 2002-2006; FLEHS II 2007-2011 and FLEHS III 2012-2015), data were collected on internal exposure to metals (Cd, Cu, Pb, Cr, Mn, Tl, Ni, Sb, Hg, As and As species) and sexual maturation in 2671 14-15years old adolescents. All metals were measured in blood and/or urine, except total- and methylmercury which were measured in hair samples...
March 17, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318226/ultrathin-bi1-xsbx-2se3-field-effect-transistor-with-large-on-off-ratio
#7
Yu-Hung Liu, Cheong-Wei Chong, Chun-Ming FanChiang, Jung-Chun-Andrew Huang, Hsieh-Cheng Han, Zhongjun Li, Huaili Qiu, Yi-Chang Li, Chuan-Pu Liu
Ultrathin three-dimensional topological insulator films are promising for use in field effect devices. (Bi1-xSbx)2Se3 ultrathin films were fabricated on SrTiO3 substrate, where large resistance changes of ∼25000% could be achieved using the back gate voltage. We suggest that the large ON/OFF ratio was caused by the combined effect of Sb-doping and the reduction of film thickness down to the ultrathin regime. The crossover of different quantum transport under an electric field may form the basis for TI-based spin transistors with large ON/OFF ratios in the future...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317416/editorial-bioinformatics-development-at-the-bgrs-sb-conference-series-10th-anniversary
#8
Yuriy L Orlov, Nikolay A Kolchanov, Ralf Hofestädt, Limsoon Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317275/synthesis-of-%C3%AE-tubulin-occurs-within-chromatoid-body-of-round-spermatids
#9
Yuki Fujii, Hideaki Fujita, Sadaki Yokota
mRNAs for proteins required in elongated spermatids are considered to be transcribed at an early stage and stored in cytoplasm, presumably in chromatoid body (CB), one type of nuage component (a unique structure that appears and disappears during spermatogenesis), because transcription of genes does not occur at late stages. In elongated spermatids, a large amount of tubulin molecules is required to form microtubules of manchette and flagellum. To investigate the possible role of CB in translation of tubulin mRNA, we performed immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopic localization studies of α- and β-tubulin in rat spermatogenic cells...
March 20, 2017: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316911/electronic-media-time-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-children-findings-from-the-built-environment-and-active-play-study-in-the-washington-dc-area
#10
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Rashawn Ray, Brandon Knight, Brian E Saelens
An objective of the Built Environment and Active Play (BEAP) Study was to examine whether home built environment, bedroom electronic presence, parental rules and demographics predicted children's sedentary behavior (SB). In 2014, BEAP Study questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents of children (7-12 years) within the Washington DC area. SB-Duration (hours/day) and SB-Frequency (days/week) were assessed by two questions with multiple subparts relating to SB activity type (e.g. car riding) and SB companionship (e...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315057/changes-in-precipitating-snow-chemistry-with-seasonality-in-the-remote-laohugou-glacier-basin-western-qilian-mountains
#11
Zhiwen Dong, Dahe Qin, Xiang Qin, Jianyong Cui, Shichang Kang
Trace elements in the atmosphere could provide information about regional atmospheric pollution. This study presented a whole year of precipitation observation data regarding the concentrations of trace metals (e.g., Cr, Ni, Cu, Mn, Cd, Mo, Pb, Sb, Ti, and Zn), and a TEM-EDX (transmission electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer) analysis from June 2014 to September 2015 at a remote alpine glacier basin in Northwest China, the Laohugou (LHG) basin (4200 m a.s.l.), to determine the regional scale of atmospheric conditions and chemical processing in the free troposphere in the region...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314358/effect-of-rare-earth-doping-on-free-volume-nanostructure-of-ga-codoped-glassy-as-sb-2se3
#12
Yaroslav Shpotyuk
Subsequent stages of atomic-deficient nanostructurization finalizing rare-earth functionality under Pr(3+)-doping in Ga2(As0.28Sb0.12Se0.60)98 glass are studied employing method of positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. Genesis of free-volume positron trapping sites, composed of atomic-accessible geometrical holes (void cores) arrested by surrounding atomic-inaccessible Se-based bond-free solid angles (void shells), are disclosed for parent As2Se3, Ga-codoped Ga2(As0.40Se0.60)98, as well as Ga-codoped and Sb-modified Ga2(As0...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303593/sb-9200-a-novel-agonist-of-innate-immunity-shows-potent-antiviral-activity-against-resistant-hcv-variants
#13
Meleri Jones, Morven E Cunningham, Peter Wing, Sampath DeSilva, Rupa Challa, Anjaneyulu Sheri, Seetharamaiyer Padmanabhan, Radhakrishnan P Iyer, Brent E Korba, Nezam Afdhal, Graham R Foster
SB 9200 is a novel, first-in-class oral modulator of innate immunity that is believed to act via the activation of the RIG-I and NOD2 pathways. SB 9200 has broad-spectrum antiviral activity against RNA viruses including hepatitis C virus (HCV), norovirus, respiratory syncytial virus and influenza and has demonstrated activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) in vitro and in vivo. In phase I clinical trials in chronically infected HCV patients, SB 9200 has been shown to reduce HCV RNA by up to 1.9 log10 . Here, we demonstrate the antiviral activity of SB 9200 against a HCV replicon system and patient derived virus...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303511/macro-and-microelement-status-in-animal-and-human-hypertension-the-role-of-the-ace-gene-i-d-polymorphism
#14
Olena Pavlyushchik, Viktor Afonin, Svetlana Fatykhava, Polina Shabunya, Viktoryia Sarokina, Aliaksandr Khapaliuk
Genetic factors that predispose to hypertension may contribute to element disturbances observed in hypertensive patients. We tested the hypothesis that the deletion allele of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with element imbalances in hypertension. The concentrations of elements in genetically predisposed to hypertension rats (SHRs) and their controls (WKY rats) were also examined. ICP-MS was used for elemental analysis of human hair and animal fur. Genotyping was performed by PCR...
March 16, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303231/synthesis-characterization-and-pharmacological-evaluation-of-pyrazolyl-urea-derivatives-as-potential-anti-inflammatory-agents
#15
Kanagasabai Somakala, Mohammad Amir
p38α mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors provide a novel approach for the treatment of inflammatory disorders. A series of fifteen pyrazolyl urea derivatives (3a-o) were synthesized and evaluated for their p38α MAPK inhibition and antioxidant potential. Compounds 3a-e, 3g and 3h showed low micromolar range potency (IC50 values ranging from 0.037 ± 1.56 to 0.069 ± 0.07 µmol/L) compared to the standard inhibitor SB 203580 (IC50 = 0.043 ± 3.62 µmol/L) when evaluated for p38α MAPK inhibition by an immunosorbent-based assay...
March 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302987/development-of-a-certified-reference-material-nmij-crm-7203-a-for-elemental-analysis-of-tap-water
#16
Yanbei Zhu, Tomohiro Narukawa, Kazumi Inagaki, Shin-Ichi Miyashita, Takayoshi Kuroiwa, Tomoko Ariga, Izumi Kudo, Masae Koguchi, Sung Woo Heo, Jung Ki Suh, Kyoung-Seok Lee, Yong-Hyeon Yim, Youngran Lim
A certified reference material (CRM), NMIJ CRM 7203-a, was developed for the elemental analysis of tap water. At least two independent analytical methods were applied to characterize the certified value of each element. The elements certified in the present CRM were as follows: Al, As, B, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sb, Se, Sr, and Zn. The certified value for each element was given as the (property value ± expanded uncertainty), with a coverage factor of 2 for the expanded uncertainty...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301827/insomnia-and-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviors-in-former-and-current-u-s-service-members-does-depression-mediate-the-relations
#17
Nicholas P Allan, Kenneth R Conner, Wilfred R Pigeon, Daniel F Gros, Temilola K Salami, Tracy Stecker
Insomnia is a risk factor for Suicidal Ideation (SI) and Behavior (SB), yet the nature of the relations is unclear, including the potential mediating role of cognitive and affective/somatic symptoms of depression. It was hypothesized that the impact of insomnia on SI would be mediated through depressive symptoms and that insomnia would directly impact SB. Current and former military service members (N =405; M age =31.6 years, SD =7.3; 90.4% male, 76.5% White) who endorsed recent suicidal ideation and/or a history of suicide attempt completed measures of insomnia, depression, SI, and SB at baseline and at month 12 follow-up...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301581/assessing-tn5-and-sleeping-beauty-for-transpositional-transgenesis-by-cytoplasmic-injection-into-bovine-and-ovine-zygotes
#18
R J Bevacqua, R Fernandez-Martin, N G Canel, A Gibbons, D Texeira, F Lange, G Vans Landschoot, V Savy, O Briski, M I Hiriart, E Grueso, Z Ivics, O Taboga, W A Kues, S Ferraris, D F Salamone
Transgenic domestic animals represent an alternative to bioreactors for large-scale production of biopharmaceuticals and could also provide more accurate biomedical models than rodents. However, their generation remains inefficient. Recently, DNA transposons allowed improved transgenesis efficiencies in mice and pigs. In this work, Tn5 and Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon systems were evaluated for transgenesis by simple cytoplasmic injection in livestock zygotes. In the case of Tn5, the transposome complex of transposon nucleic acid and Tn5 protein was injected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298863/scleral-buckle-infection-by-serratia-species
#19
Ramesh Venkatesh, Manisha Agarwal, Shalini Singh, Rahul Mayor, Aditya Bansal
We describe a rare case of scleral buckle (SB) infection with Serratia species. A 48-year-old male with a history of retinal detachment repair with scleral buckling presented with redness, pain, and purulent discharge in the left eye for 4 days. Conjunctival erosion with exposure of the SB and scleral thinning was noted. The SB was removed and sent for culture. Blood and chocolate agar grew Gram-negative rod-shaped bacillus identified as Serratia marcescens. On the basis of the susceptibility test results, the patient was treated with oral and topical antibiotics...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298707/outcome-of-primary-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-surgery-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-northern-ireland-a-regional-study
#20
Michael A Mikhail, George Mangioris, Giuseepe Casalino, Stuart McGimpsey, James Sharkey, Richard Best, Wing C Chan
PURPOSE: To report the primary and final success, functional outcome and complication rates of patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) who underwent retinal detachment surgery in a tertiary referral centre in Northern Ireland. VENUE: Vitreoretinal service, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of all patients who underwent primary RRD repair between 1st of January 2013 and 31st of December 2013...
January 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
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