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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926354/neointimal-coverage-of-jailed-side-branches-in-coronary-bifurcation-lesions-an-optical-coherence-tomography-analysis
#1
Teruyoshi Kume, Ryotaro Yamada, Koyama Terumasa, Tomoko Tamada, Koichiro Imai, Kenzo Fukuhara, Yutaka Goryo, Ai Kawamura, Okamoto Hiroshi, Yoji Neishi, Shiro Uemura
OBJECTIVES: The jailed strut at the side-branch (SB) orifice may be a cause of delayed neointimal coverage and SB flow disturbance after single stenting to bifurcation. The aim of this study was to characterize the exact relationship between the jailed strut pattern at the SB orifice immediately after stent implantation and neointimal coverage of the jailed SB orifice in the chronic phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 29 bifurcation (left anterior descending coronary artery and diagonal branch) lesions treated by optical coherence tomography-guide single-stent implantation and followed at 18 months after a percutaneous coronary intervention were included in this study...
September 18, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923752/anthropogenic-and-geogenic-mass-input-of-trace-elements-to-moss-and-natural-surface-soil-in-norway
#2
Erik R Christensen, Eiliv Steinnes, Ola Anfin Eggen
Data sets for concentrations of up to 22 elements including Pb, Cd, Ag, As, and Hg and several rare earth elements (REEs) in moss and surface soil from all over mainland Norway are analyzed by positive matrix factorization (PMF) and principal component analysis (PCA) with centered log-ratio transformation. Moss and soil samples collected in 2010 and 2005, respectively, show both a distinct long-range atmospheric transport PMF factor including a dominant Pb loading along with smaller loadings of Mo, Cd, Sb, and As, and a geogenic factor dominated by Ce, La, and Y...
September 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923719/suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-in-institutions-of-higher-learning-a-latent-class-analysis
#3
Joel Bernanke, Hanga C Galfalvy, Maggie G Mortali, Laura A Hoffman, Christine Moutier, Charles B Nemeroff, Barbara H Stanley, Paula Clayton, Jill Harkavy-Friedman, Maria A Oquendo
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among undergraduate students, with an annual rate of 7.5 per 100,000. Suicidal behavior (SB) is complex and heterogeneous, which might be explained by there being multiple etiologies of SB. Data-driven identification of distinct at-risk subgroups among undergraduates would bolster this argument. We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) on survey data from a large convenience sample of undergraduates to identify subgroups, and validated the resulting latent class model on a sample of graduate students...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923693/novel-paclitaxel-coated-scoring-ballon-for-de-novo-complex-coronary-lesions-first-report
#4
Gaetano di Palma, Bernardo Cortese
Drug-coated balloons (DCB) are being used for in-stent restenosis treatment and there is some preliminary experience in other coronary settings, including small vessels and side branches. Scoring balloons (SB) are a useful tool for the preparation of fibro-calcific lesions. Because of the controlled micro-dissections that SB induce, it has been hypothesized that they may have a role in helping paclitaxel deliverability inside the vessel wall. The AngioSculpt®X (Spectranetics) is a novel paclitaxel-coated SB with encouraging preliminary data for the treatment of in-stent restenosis...
August 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#5
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920716/transposons-moving-forward-from-preclinical-studies-to-clinical-trials
#6
Jaitip Tipanee, Thierry VandenDriessche, Marinee K Chuah
Transposons have emerged as promising vectors for gene therapy that can potentially overcome some of the limitations of commonly used viral vectors. Transposons stably integrate into the target cell genome, enabling persistent expression of therapeutic genes. Transposons have evolved from being used as basic tools in biomedical research to bona fide therapeutics. Currently, the most promising transposons for gene therapy applications are derived from Sleeping Beauty (SB) or piggyBac (PB). Stable transposition requires co-delivery of the transposon DNA with the corresponding transposase gene, mRNA, or protein...
August 22, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920539/the-effects-of-stabilization-splint-treatment-on-the-volume-of-masseter-muscle-in-sleep-bruxism-patients
#7
Suleyman Hakan Tuna, Osman Evren Celik, Onder Ozturk, Murat Golpinar, Aykut Aktas, Huseyin Avni Balcioglu, Filiz Keyf, Bunyamin Sahin
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate, quantitatively, the volumetric effects of stabilization splint therapy on the masseter muscle of sleep bruxism (SB) patients. Methods The magnetic resonance (MR) images of 16 SB patients diagnosed by polysomnography (PSG) who used stabilization splints for four months were obtained before and after the therapy. The masseter muscle volume was calculated using Cavalieri's principle on the MR images. Results After the splint therapy, the mean volume of the masseter muscle did not reduce significantly...
September 18, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917857/the-hydrolytic-efficiency-and-synergistic-action-of-recombinant-xylan-degrading-enzymes-on-xylan-isolated-from-sugarcane-bagasse
#8
Hailong Li, Hongli Wu, Lian Xiong, Xuefang Chen, Can Wang, Gaoxiang Qi, Chao Huang, Haijun Guo, Mutan Luo, Jian Liu, Minnan Long, Xinde Chen
Understanding the interaction mechanisms between xylan and xylan-degrading enzymes is beneficial to the efficient hydrolysis of xylan. Xylan from sugarcane bagasse (SB) was extracted and characterized. The effects of heat treatment and removal of side chains of SB xylan on the hydrolytic efficiency and synergistic action of endo-β-1,4-xylanases (HoXyn11A and AnXyn10C), β-xylosidases (AnXln3D), and α-l-arabinofuranosidases (AnAxh62A) were investigated. Results indicated that heat treatment of xylan can improve the hydrolytic efficiency of xylan-degrading enzymes, and it is essential for the efficient hydrolysis of xylan by HoXyn11A...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917172/reconstruction-of-atmospheric-trace-metals-pollution-in-southwest-china-using-sediments-from-a-large-and-deep-alpine-lake-historical-trends-sources-and-sediment-focusing
#9
Qi Lin, Enfeng Liu, Enlou Zhang, Bibhash Nath, Ji Shen, Hezhong Yuan, Rong Wang
Atmospheric pollution, one of the leading environmental problems in South and East Asia, and its impact on the terrestrial environmental quality remain poorly understood particularly in alpine areas where both historical and present-day mining and smelting operations might leave an imprint. Here, we reconstructed atmospheric trace metals pollution during the past century using core sediments from a large and deep alpine lake in Southwest China. The implication of in lake and/or in watershed sediment focusing in pollution quantification is discussed by analyzing 15 sediment cores...
September 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916464/adhesion-procedure-for-cad-cam-resin-crown-bonding-reduction-of-bond-strengths-due-to-artificial-saliva-contamination
#10
Asuka Kawaguchi-Uemura, Atsushi Mine, Mariko Matsumoto, Yuko Tajiri, Mami Higashi, Tomoshige Kabetani, Ryosuke Hagino, Dai Imai, Takuya Minamino, Jiro Miura, Hirofumi Yatani
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to elucidate how saliva contamination affects microtensile bond strength of resin cement to CAD/CAM resin blocks and identify a decontamination method that can restore original bond strength. METHODS: The KATANA AVENCIA block (Kuraray Noritake Dental) was sandblasted on the adherend surface (P-Co group). Then, the block was contaminated with artificial saliva (Saliveht Aerosol, Teijin). Air dry (N-Co), sandblasting (Sb) and phosphate acid cleaning (AT) groups were prepared...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914850/-correction-of-small-bowel-function-as-a-new-direction-for-treating-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Ya M Vakhrushev, M V Lyapina
AIM: To provide a rationale for and to evaluate the therapeutic efficiency of the combined use of pancreatic enzymes and actovegin in the combination therapy of patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) on the basis of comprehensive clinical and functional studies of the small bowel (SB). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In the course of treatment, 120 patients with MS (verified using the diagnostic criteria elaborated by the All-Russian Research Society of Cardiology (2009)) underwent a comprehensive study of SB function: an isolated study of resorptive processes; evaluation of parietal and cavitary digestion, motor-evacuation function...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912784/comparison-of-the-protective-efficacy-of-neutralizing-epitopes-of-2009-pandemic-h1n1-influenza-hemagglutinin
#12
Bo Peng, Na Peng, Yanan Zhang, Fenghua Zhang, Xuguang Li, Haiyan Chang, Fang Fang, Fuyan Wang, Fangguo Lu, Ze Chen
The 2009 H1N1 influenza (Pdm09) pandemic has been referred to as the first influenza pandemic of the twenty-first century. There is a marked difference in antigenicity between the pandemic H1N1 virus and past seasonal H1N1 viruses, which allowed the pandemic virus to spread rapidly in humans. Antibodies (Abs) against hemagglutinin (HA), especially neutralizing Abs against epitopes in the head of HA, play critical roles in defending the host against the virus. Some preexisting neutralizing Abs that recognize neutralizing epitopes of Pdm09 HA, thereby affording cross-protection, have been reported...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912312/draft-genome-sequence-of-corynebacterium-kefirresidentii-sb-isolated-from-kefir
#13
Sonja Blasche, Yongkyu Kim, Kiran R Patil
The genus Corynebacterium includes Gram-positive species with a high G+C content. We report here a novel species, Corynebacterium kefirresidentii SB, isolated from kefir grains collected in Germany. Its draft genome sequence was remarkably dissimilar (average nucleotide identity, 76.54%) to those of other Corynebacterium spp., confirming that this is a unique novel species.
September 14, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#14
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910398/body-composition-and-prediction-equations-using-skinfold-thickness-for-body-fat-percentage-in-southern-brazilian-adolescents
#15
Wagner Luis Ripka, Leandra Ulbricht, Pedro Miguel Gewehr
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: a) determine the nutritional status of Brazilian adolescents, and; b) present a skinfold thickness model (ST) to estimate body fat developed with Brazilian samples, using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as reference method. METHODS: The main study group was composed of 374 adolescents, and further 42 adolescents for the validation group. Weight, height, waist circumference measurements, and body mass index (BMI) were collected, as well as nine ST-biceps (BI), triceps (TR), chest (CH), axillary (AX) subscapularis (SB), abdominal (AB), suprailiac (SI), medial thigh (TH), calf (CF), and fat percentage (%BF) obtained by DXA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905945/the-effect-of-sn-doping-on-thermoelectric-performance-of-n-type-half-heusler-nbcosb
#16
Lihong Huang, Qinyong Zhang, Yumei Wang, Ran He, Jing Shuai, Jianjun Zhang, Chao Wang, Zhifeng Ren
Herein, Sn was successfully doped into the Sb site of n-type NbCoSb half-Heusler compounds to tune the carrier concentration, and a maximum ZT value of ∼0.56 was obtained at 973 K for NbCoSb1-xSnx with x = 0.2, an increase of ∼40% as compared to that of NbCoSb. This enhancement is mainly attributed to the reduced carrier concentration by Sn doping, leading to a doubled Seebeck coefficient at 300 K. More importantly, the total thermal conductivity was reduced with Sn doping, and the reduction was mainly due to the lowered electron thermal conductivity...
September 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905096/comparison-of-suction-blistering-and-tape-stripping-for-analysis-of-epidermal-genes-proteins-and-lipids
#17
Marek Svoboda, Marta Hlobilová, Markéta Marešová, Michaela Sochorová, Andrej Kováčik, Kateřina Vávrová, Iva Dolečková
Analysis of epidermal genes, proteins and lipids is important in the research and diagnosis of skin diseases. Although punch biopsy is the first-choice technique for the skin sampling, it is unnecessarily invasive for obtaining a sample just for the epidermal analysis. Here we compare two less invasive methods, suction blistering (SB) and tape stripping (TS), for the analysis of selected epidermal genes (quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR, qRT-PCR), proteins (western blotting, WB), and lipids in ten healthy volunteers...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904734/a-17-year-old-male-with-a-small-bowel-neuroendocrine-tumor-flushing-differential-diagnosis
#18
Maria Alejandra Forero Molina, Elizabeth Garcia, Deyanira Gonzalez-Devia, Rafael García-Duperly, Alonso Vera
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are heterogeneous neoplasms that originate from cells with a secretory function. Small bowel NETs (SB-NETs) are related to serotonin hypersecretion which causes: flushing, diarrhea, abdominal pain, bronchoconstriction and heart involvement, also known as carcinoid syndrome (CS). CS can be confused with an allergic reaction and thus should be considered as a differential diagnosis in the allergy consult. We present the case of a pediatric patient initially referred under the suspicion of food allergies...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904629/reliability-of-patellar-height-indices-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-spina-bifida
#19
S A Rethlefsen, K K Barrett, T A L Wren, G Blumstein, D Gargiulo, D D Ryan, R M Kay
BACKGROUND: The Koshino (KI) and Caton-Deschamps (CDI) indices are used to measure patellar height in children, with the CDI showing excellent reliability in typically developing (TD) children. Reliability of such measures in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and spina bifida (SB) is unknown. METHODS: Lateral knee radiographs were reviewed retrospectively for children with TD (n = 49), CP (n = 48) and SB (n = 42). Five raters took measurements from radiographs twice, at least two weeks apart...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904414/identification-of-arsenic-resistance-genes-from-marine-sediment-metagenome
#20
Nar Singh Chauhan, Sonam Nain, Rakesh Sharma
A metagenomic library of sea sediment metagenome containing 245,000 recombinant clones representing ~ 2.45 Gb of sea sediment microbial DNA was constructed. Two unique arsenic resistance clones, A7 and A12, were identified by selection on sodium arsenite containing medium. Clone A7 showed a six-fold higher resistance to arsenate [As(V)], a three-fold higher resistance to arsenite [As(III)] and significantly increased resistance to antimony [Sb(III)], while clone A12 showed increased resistance only to sodium arsenite and not to the other two metalloids...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
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