keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lidocaine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054696/effects-of-articaine-on-3-h-noradrenaline-release-from-cortical-and-spinal-cord-slices-prepared-from-normal-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-and-compared-to-lidocaine
#1
D Végh, A Somogyi, D Bányai, M Lakatos, M Balogh, M Al-Khrasani, S Fürst, E S Vizi, P Hermann
Since a significant proportion of diabetic patients have clinical or subclinical neuropathy, there may be concerns about the use of local anaesthetics. The present study was designed to determine and compare the effects of articaine, a widely used anaesthetic in dental practice, and lidocaine on the resting and axonal stimulation-evoked release of [(3)H]noradrenaline ([(3)H]NA) in prefrontal cortex slices and the release of [(3)H]NA in spinal cord slices prepared from non-diabetic and streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic (glucose level=22...
October 17, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051828/intubation-following-high-dose-rocuronium-in-a-cat-with-protracted-laryngospasm
#2
Graeme M Doodnaught, Daniel Sj Pang
CASE SUMMARY: An 11-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat with a history of laryngospasm at induction of general anesthesia presented for dental evaluation and treatment. The cat was premedicated with hydromorphone (0.05 mg/kg) and alfaxalone (0.5 mg/kg) intravenously, pre-oxygenated for 5 mins (3 l/min, face mask) and anesthesia was induced with alfaxalone (to effect) intravenously. Lidocaine (0.1 ml, 2%) was applied topically to the arytenoid cartilages following loss of jaw tone...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049110/evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-systemic-opioid-sparing-analgesics-in-pediatric-surgical-populations-a-systematic-review
#3
Alyssa Zhu, Hubert A Benzon, T Anthony Anderson
While a large number of studies has examined the efficacy of opioid-sparing analgesics in adult surgical populations, fewer studies are available to guide postoperative pain treatment in pediatric patients. We systematically reviewed available publications on the use of systemic nonopioid agents for postoperative analgesia in pediatric surgical populations. A comprehensive literature search identified meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of systemic, nonopioid agents on postoperative narcotic requirements or pain scores in pediatric surgical populations...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046319/effect-of-intravenous-fentanyl-on-ticagrelor-absorption-and-platelet-inhibition-among-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-the-pacify-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
John W McEvoy, Khalil Ibrahim, Thomas S Kickler, William A Clarke, Rani K Hasan, Matthew J Czarny, Ali R Keramati, Rakesh R Goli, Travis P Gratton, Jeffrey A Brinker, Matthews Chacko, Chao-Wei Hwang, Peter V Johnston, Julie M Miller, Jeffrey C Trost, William R Herzog, Roger S Blumenthal, David R Thiemann, Jon R Resar, Steven P Schulman
Fentanyl is a potent opiate commonly administered during cardiac catheterization procedures in North America. The question of whether fentanyl could have adverse consequences in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is raised by recent research demonstrating that intravenous morphine significantly delays the absorption of oral P2Y12 platelet inhibitors. The presumed mechanism is slowed gastric emptying. The single-center Platelet Aggregation with tiCagrelor Inhibition and FentanYl (PACIFY) trial randomized adults undergoing clinically-indicated elective coronary angiography to receive the procedure with or without intravenous fentanyl (NCT02683707)...
October 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043488/hair-analysis-does-not-allow-to-discriminate-between-acute-and-chronic-administrations-of-a-drug-in-young-children
#5
Jean Claude Alvarez, Laetitia Lasne, Isabelle Etting, Gérard Chéron, Véronique Abadie, Nicolas Fabresse, Islam Amine Larabi
There are many differences between the hair from children and that of adult subjects, the hair being thinner, more porous with a different growth rate from the usual 1 cm/month observed in adults. In order to determine whether hair analysis could discriminate between chronic use and acute administration of a drug in children like in adults, we analyzed hair from 18 children aged between 1 day and 15 years in whom the administration of different drugs was known (single therapeutic administration or acute intoxication)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042718/are-local-anesthesia-vials-similar-to-champagne-do-they-lose-their-potency-once-opened-an-in-vitro-study
#6
P S Gopinath Thilak, Sameep S Shetty, Jagadeesh Chandra, Kavana Gowda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epinephrine is volatile and unstable on exposure to air. Addition of sodium metabisulfite as an antioxidant has been effective, but there are no clear-cut consensus on its efficiency in retarding the oxidation that sets in once the anesthetic vials are kept open with a needle in situ. There is a paucity of scientific data regarding the risks of reuse of anesthetic vials following the use of cartridges, a common practice in western countries. It is our endeavor to shed light on the constant change in pH, drug deterioration, and instability that sets in an anesthetic vial with a needle in situ...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040206/the-life-saving-effect-of-adenosine-lidocaine-and-magnesium-cocktail-during-hypovolemic-shock-one-stone-three-birds
#7
Lusha Xiang, Harold G Klemcke, Kathy L Ryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038880/ct-guided-percutaneous-ethanol-sympatholysis-for-primary-hyperhidrosis
#8
Malcolm Brock, Constantine Frangakis, Christos S Georgiades
PURPOSE: Primary hyperhidrosis (PH) typically involves the craniofacial (CF) or axillary-palmar (AP) region. Our purpose was to determine the safety and efficacy of CT-guided sympatholysis for treating PH. METHODS: In this prospective study, 39 consecutive patients with CF or AP PH were referred for percutaneous sympatholysis. Procedures were performed under CT guidance and minimal sedation. We treated level T2 for CF hyperhidrosis and T2, T3, and T4 for AP hyperhidrosis...
October 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038360/carotid-sinus-hypersensitivity-block-of-the-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-does-not-affect-responses-to-carotid-sinus-massage-in-healthy-young-adults
#9
Matthew G Lloyd, James M Wakeling, Michael S Koehle, Robert J Drapala, Victoria E Claydon
The arterial baroreflex is crucial for short-term blood pressure control - abnormal baroreflex function predisposes to syncope and falling. Hypersensitive responses to carotid baroreflex stimulation using carotid sinus massage (CSM) are common in older adults and may be associated with syncope. The pathophysiology of this hypersensitivity is unknown, but chronic denervation of the sternocleidomastoid muscles is common in elderly patients with carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH), and is proposed to interfere with normal integration of afferent firing from the carotid baroreceptors with proprioceptive feedback from the sternocleidomastoids, producing large responses to CSM...
October 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037886/comparative-effectiveness-of-antiarrhythmics-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Shelley L McLeod, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Andrew Worster, John You, Alla Iansavichene, Gordon Guyatt, Sheldon Cheskes
BACKGROUND: Despite their wide use in the prehospital setting, randomized control trials (RCTs) have failed to demonstrate that any antiarrhythmic agent improves survival to hospital discharge following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of antiarrhythmic drugs for patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Electronic searches of Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were conducted and reference lists were hand-searched...
October 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034250/the-modification-and-performance-of-a-large-animal-anesthesia-machine-tafonius-%C3%A2-in-order-to-deliver-xenon-to-a-horse
#11
Bruna Santangelo, Astrid Robin, Keith Simpson, Julie Potier, Michel Guichardant, Karine Portier
INTRODUCTION: Xenon, due to its interesting anesthetic properties, could improve the quality of anesthesia protocols in horses despite its high price. This study aimed to modify and test an anesthesia machine capable of delivering xenon to a horse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An equine anesthesia machine (Tafonius, Vetronic Services Ltd., UK) was modified by including a T-connector in the valve block to introduce xenon, so that the xenon was pushed into the machine cylinder by the expired gases...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028641/postoperative-care-after-tonsillectomy-what-s-the-evidence
#12
Patrick Carpenter, Daniel Hall, Jeremy D Meier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature regarding postoperative management after tonsillectomy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Controversy remains regarding the ideal medication regimen to manage pain after tonsillectomy. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are routinely used, although concerns of more severe postoperative hemorrhage with ibuprofen remain. Narcotics are prescribed commonly, but with extreme caution in children with severe obstructive sleep apnea...
October 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028074/efficacy-and-safety-of-5-lidocaine-medicated-plasters-in-localized-pain-with-neuropathic-and-or-inflammatory-characteristics-an-observational-real-world-study
#13
F Amato, G Duse, L Consoletti, C Lo Presti, V Firetto, G Ciliberto, L A Parigi, V Palmieri, M Mazza
OBJECTIVE: Based on clinical study results, 5% lidocaine-medicated plaster (5% LMP) is currently recommended for the treatment of localized peripheral neuropathic pain, such as post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, its effective action, as well as the high safety, have indeed led to its use in clinical practice for pain conditions with similar pathophysiological mechanisms. In this study, the efficacy and safety of 5% LMP were investigated in patients with localized pain with neuropathic and/or inflammatory characteristics, such as PHN, post-traumatic/surgical or musculoskeletal pain...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025864/pre-emptive-ice-cube-cryotherapy-for-reducing-pain-from-local-anaesthetic-injections-for-simple-lacerations-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
JaeWoo Song, HyukHoon Kim, EunJung Park, Jung Hwan Ahn, Eunhui Yoon, Samsun Lampotang, Nikolaus Gravenstein, SangChun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Subcutaneous local anaesthetic injection can be painful to patients in the ED. We evaluated the effect of cryotherapy by application of an ice cube to the injection site prior to injection in patients with simple lacerations. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomised, controlled trial in consented patients with simple lacerations needing primary repair at a single emergency centre from April to July 2016. We randomly assigned patients undergoing repair for simple lacerations to either the cryotherapy group or the control group (standard care; no cryotherapy or other pretreatment of the injection site)...
October 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025372/drugs-in-cardiac-arrest-the-rise-and-fall-of-antiarrhythmics
#15
George Karlis, Sevasti Afantenou
Since the publication of 2000 guidelines for resuscitation, amiodarone is considered the antiarrhythmic drug of choice for refractory ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia. However, to date there is no proven benefit in terms of neurologically intact survival to hospital discharge. A comprehensive search of the recent literature on amiodarone, nifekalant and lidocaine in cardiac arrest was performed. Amiodarone and nifekalant are superior to lidocaine with regards to the return of spontaneous circulation and survival to hospital admission...
October 12, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024230/%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-oral-rinse-reduces-capsaicin-induced-burning-mouth-pain-sensation-an-experimental-quantitative-sensory-testing-study-in-healthy-subjects
#16
Y Zhang, K Wang, L Arendt-Nielsen, B E Cairns
BACKGROUND: In burning mouth patients, analgesia after oral administration of clonazepam may result from modulation of peripheral γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. METHODS: The effect of oral administration of test solutions (water, 0.5 mol/L or 0.05 mol/L GABA, 1% lidocaine) was investigated for the amelioration of pain and sensitivity induced by application of capsaicin (1%, 2 min) to the tongue of thirty healthy male and female subjects in this four-session, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, cross-over study...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021858/landiolol-suppression-of-electrical-storm-of-torsades-de-pointes-in-patients-with-congenital-long-qt-syndrome-type-2-and-myocardial-ischemia
#17
Ryota Kitajima, Takeshi Aiba, Tsukasa Kamakura, Kohei Ishibashi, Mitsuru Wada, Yuko Inoue, Koji Miyamoto, Hideo Okamura, Takashi Noda, Satoshi Nagase, Yu Kataoka, Yasuhide Asaumi, Teruo Noguchi, Satoshi Yasuda, Kengo Kusano
A 76-year-old man who had been diagnosed with long-QT syndrome type 2 had frequent syncopal attacks. The electrocardiogram was monitored, and frequent torsades de pointes (TdP) was detected despite administration of conventional medications: oral propranolol, verapamil, intravenous magnesium sulfate, verapamil, and lidocaine. In contrast, 2 μg/kg/min landiolol could completely suppress TdP. Subsequently, an implantable cardioverter defibrillator was placed, and he was diagnosed with silent myocardial ischemia using myocardial perfusion scintigraphy and coronary angiography...
October 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020997/anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-with-pain-present-only-during-carnett-s-sign-testing-a-case-report
#18
Ryutaro Tanizaki, Yousuke Takemura
BACKGROUND: The identification of anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome is often challenging, due to no widely accepted standard guidelines regarding laboratory and imaging tests for the diagnosis of ACNES. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old Japanese man presented with mild lower abdominal pain that had been present for the past 3 years. Physical examination revealed no abdominal pain during palpation, with normal laboratory and imaging testing; therefore, conservative therapy was initiated...
October 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020956/guaiphenesin-ketamine-xylazine-infusion-to-maintain-anesthesia-in-mules-undergoing-field-castration
#19
Cecilia Vullo, Augusto Carluccio, Domenico Robbe, Marina Meligrana, Linda Petrucci, Giuseppe Catone
BACKGROUND: In order to determine whether a combination of guaiphenesin, ketamine and xylazine can induce safe and satisfactory anaesthesia in mules undergoing field castration, eight healthy adult intact male mules were employed. They were premedicated with intravenous (IV) xylazine (1.3 mg/kg); an additional dose of xylazine (0.3 mg/kg IV) was administered in case of inadequate depth of sedation. Anaesthesia was induced with IV thiopental (6 mg/kg). The quality of sedation and induction was recorded...
October 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020710/fluorescent-imaging-evaluation-of-lidocaine-distribution-following-bier-block-in-the-upper-extremity
#20
Andrea L Gale, Shari R Liberman, Suzanne Berry, Dmitry Zavlin, Anthony Echo
INTRODUCTION: Bier block regional anesthesia has been used as an alternative to general anesthesia for years. Despite multiple theories and multiple techniques to delineate the location of the action of lidocaine during Bier block anesthesia, there has not been a consensus on the location of action. The purpose of this study was to use fluorescent imaging to further investigate the site of action of lidocaine during Bier block. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three patients with carpal tunnel syndrome underwent open carpal tunnel release with Bier block anesthesia performed in the standard fashion with 1cc of Indocyanine green (IcG) mixed with lidocaine...
October 12, 2017: Surgical Technology International
keyword
keyword
7631
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"